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1.
Front Psychiatry ; 12: 751564, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34777055

RESUMO

Background: Anorexia nervosa is a psychosomatic disorder and is commonly associated with impaired oral health. Dentists can play a relevant role in the early diagnosis of anorexia nervosa. With the help of intra- and extraoral examinations and anamnesis, the dentist can detect characteristic signs and symptoms of this eating disorder. The purpose of this study was to determine the knowledge regarding the oral and physical manifestations of anorexia nervosa among general dental practitioners and specialist dentists of Poland. Material and Methods: A pretested online questionnaire consisting of a first part asking for the characteristics of the participant and a second part with 22 specific questions on their general knowledge of anorexia nervosa and knowledge of physical and oral manifestations of this eating disorder was used. Results: A total of 369 dentists completed the questionnaire. The Polish dentists in this study reported sufficient knowledge regarding anorexia nervosa. However, younger dentists and general dental practitioners had relatively lower knowledge scores than other groups. The dentists mainly had difficulties with the oral symptoms of anorexia nervosa. Conclusion: Despite Polish dentists having sufficient knowledge about anorexia nervosa in relation to the general symptoms of anorexia, there are deficits with regard to oral manifestations. Therefore, there is a need to increase continuing education in this field, which can improve early diagnosis of this disease by dental practitioners and referral to specialists for treatment.

2.
J Clin Med ; 10(21)2021 Oct 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34768469

RESUMO

There are reports on the effects of excessive recipient body weight on renal graft function. Increased CCL2 (chemokine CC-mortif ligand 2) production is observed in patients with excessive body weight. CCL2 also exacerbates the inflammatory process in the renal graft. A total of 49 renal graft recipients of both sexes having undergone renal biopsy within the last 18 months were retrospectively reviewed. At their most recent appointment the patients' plasma concentrations of CCL2 were evaluated. Renal function was assessed retrospectively. CCL2 concentrations were higher in men than women (p < 0.047), while higher CCL2 levels were associated with a decrease in eGFR (estimated glomerular filtration rate) during the first year post Tx (kidney transplantation). CCL2 negatively correlated with eGFR at 5 years (R = -0.45, p < 0.040997) and positively correlated with the degree of tubular atrophy in renal biopsy specimens (R = 0.43, p < 0.027293) and with systolic pressure. Men showed significantly higher BMI (body mass index) values at the time of Tx and at their last appointment than women did (p < 0.000403; p < 0.000613, respectively). Men showed poorer long-term renal graft function, with significantly lower eGFR values at 4 and 5 years into the post-transplantation period. The male sex and excessive body weight have adverse effects on short- and long-term renal graft function, which is associated with increased levels of CCL2.

3.
J Clin Med ; 10(21)2021 Oct 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34768639

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The need to provide a comparative analysis of corneal parameter changes compared to their preoperative values between Descemet membrane endothelial keratoplasty (DMEK) and ultrathin Descemet stripping automated endothelial keratoplasty (UT-DSAEK) patients. METHODS: The study included 24 eyes after UT-DSAEK and 24 eyes after DMEK. Visual acuity, endothelial cell count (ECC), central corneal thickness (CCT), mean keratometry (MK), mean astigmatism (MA), astigmatism asymmetry (AA) and higher-order aberrations (HOAs) were assessed at baseline and 1, 3, 6 and 12 months after the surgery. RESULTS: From the 3rd month post operation, ECC was higher in the DMEK eyes than in the UT-DSAEK eyes (p = 0.01). In a bivariate analysis that was adjusted for age, DMEK was associated with a smaller decrease in posterior MK at the 1-month (ß = -0.49, p = 0.002), 3-month (ß = -0.50, p < 0.001), 6-month (ß = -0.58, p < 0.001) and 12-month (ß = -0.49, p < 0.001) follow-up visits. There were no significant differences in changes in anterior or combined surface MK throughout the observation period. Accordingly, no significant differences in changes in MA, AA or HOAs compared to the baseline values were identified between the eyes after DMEK and UT-DSAEK at any follow-up time point. CONCLUSIONS: UT-DSAEK seemed to be an easier and safer technique than DMEK while maintaining similar outcomes regarding irregular astigmatism and total keratometry values.

4.
Pediatr Endocrinol Diabetes Metab ; 27(3): 159-169, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34743501

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Obesity is a chronic systemic metabolic disease, which is increasingly prevalent also in children. Obesity carries a risk of numerous complications. The factors that cause excessive weight gain in children are improper eating habits and maternal obesity. The role of mothers manifests mainly in influencing the food preferences of their children. Aim of the study: To analyse the relationship between the selected eating habits of mothers and the eating habits of their children with excess body weight before and after dietary intervention. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study group consisted of 68 overweight and obese children - patients of our department. The study used the author's questionnaire for assessing eating habits. The eating habits were assessed in children and mothers. RESULTS: After dietary intervention reduction in mean BMI-SDS of 0.80 ±0.96 (p < 0.00001) was observed in children. Before dietary education, there was a significant relationship between mothers' correct habits and children's habits of, e.g., eating breakfast, cereal products drinking water, and consuming milk. Despite the dietary intervention, the influence of negative mothers' habits on the habits of their children was still observed. CONCLUSIONS: The influence of selected correct and incorrect mothers' eating habits on shaping the eating habits of their children with excess body weight before and after dietary intervention was demonstrated. Before and after dietary intervention, this concerned, e.g., the number of eaten meals and the frequency of consuming sweets and fast food. No relationship was found between mother and child in the frequency of consumption of vegetables.


Assuntos
Obesidade Pediátrica , Índice de Massa Corporal , Peso Corporal , Criança , Comportamento Alimentar , Feminino , Comportamentos Relacionados com a Saúde , Humanos , Gravidez , Inquéritos e Questionários
5.
Diagnostics (Basel) ; 11(10)2021 Sep 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34679472

RESUMO

The imbalanced network of adipokines may contribute to the development of systemic low-grade inflammation, metabolic diseases and coronary artery disease (CAD). In the last decade, three classic adipokines-adiponectin, leptin and resistin-have been of particular interest in studies of patients with CAD due to their numerous properties in relation to the cardiovascular system. This has directed our attention to the association of adipokines with cardiac structure and function and the development of heart failure (HF), a common end effect of CAD. Thus, the purpose of this study was to analyse the associations of plasma concentrations of adiponectin, leptin and resistin with parameters assessed in the echocardiographic examinations of CAD patients. The presented study enrolled 167 Caucasian patients (133 male; 34 female) with CAD. Anthropometric, echocardiographic and basic biochemical measurements, together with plasma concentrations of adiponectin, leptin and resistin assays, were performed in each patient. Adiponectin concentrations were negatively associated with left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) and shortening fraction (LVSF), and positively associated with mitral valve E/A ratio (E/A), left ventricular end-diastolic volume (LVEDV), left ventricular end-diastolic diameter (LVEDD), left ventricular end-systolic diameter LVESD, and left atrium diameter (LAD). Resistin concentrations were negatively associated with E/A. Leptin concentrations, although correlated with HF severity assessed by the New York Heart Association (NYHA) Functional Classification, were not independently associated with the echocardiographic parameters of cardiac structure or function. In conclusion, adiponectin and resistin, but not leptin, are associated with the echocardiographic parameters of cardiac remodelling and dysfunction. These associations suggest that adiponectin and resistin might be involved in mechanisms of cardiac remodelling or compensative response. We also suggest the possible benefits of adiponectin and resistin level measurements in the monitoring of patients with CAD.

6.
J Clin Med ; 10(19)2021 Sep 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34640351

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Diagnostic concordance between HbA1c and other glucose-based tests is imperfect, and data on this problem in acute coronary syndrome (ACS) are still lacking. The aim of this study was to identify undiagnosed glucose abnormalities in ACS patients, and to compare the effectiveness and consistency of the diagnostic screening based on HbA1c to the oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT). METHODS: The study group consisted of 121 ACS patients, mean age 62.3 ± 11.6 years, without known glucose abnormalities. HbA1c, admission and fasting plasma glucose in the first days of hospitalization were assessed and referred to the results of OGTT performed two weeks after discharge. RESULTS: OGTT identified normoglycemia in 45%, pre-diabetes in 39.4%, and diabetes in 15.6%, while HbA1c revealed these categories in 39.7%, 51.2%, and 9.1%, respectively. With an HbA1c cut-off ≥6.5% (48 mmol/mol) diagnostic for diabetes, the sensitivity of the method was 41%, while specificity was 98%, compared to the OGTT. The optimal HbA1c cut-off value at the crossing of sensitivity and specificity curves was 5.9%. The HbA1c value recommended for the diagnosis of pre-diabetes and optimal cut-off point were the same (5.7%). CONCLUSIONS: Using HbA1c without OGTT in an early but stable phase of ACS may result in a significant underdiagnosis of diabetes.

7.
J Clin Med ; 10(19)2021 Oct 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34640602

RESUMO

The launch of novel chemotherapeutic agents-in particular, proteasome inhibitors and immunomodulatory drugs-dramatically changed multiple myeloma (MM) therapy, improving the response rate and prolonging progression-free survival. However, none of the anti-MM drugs are deprived of side effects. Peripheral neuropathy (PN) seems to be one of the most pressing problems. Despite extensive research in this area, the pathogenesis of drug-induced peripheral neuropathy (DiPN) has not yet been fully elucidated. In the present study, we aimed to assess the potential relationship between proinflammatory factors and the development of PN in MM patients with particular emphasis on the application of VTD (bortezomib, thalidomide, dexamethasone) regimen. Our analysis identified increased concentrations of CCL2, IL-1ß, and IFN-γ in plasma of MM patients during treatment, both with and without symptoms of PN, compared with untreated neuropathy-free MM patients. At the same time, the plasma concentration of IL-1ß in patients with neuropathy was significantly increased compared with patients without PN before and during treatment. Moreover, the results were enhanced at the transcript level by performing global mRNA expression analysis using microarray technology. The most significant changes were observed in the expression of genes responsible for regulating immunological and apoptotic processes. An in-depth understanding of the mechanisms responsible for the development of DiPN might in the future reduce the incidence of PN and accelerate diagnosis, allowing the choice of neuropathy-free treatment strategies for MM.

8.
Biology (Basel) ; 10(9)2021 Aug 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34571700

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There is a need for early diagnostic solutions for cardiac surgery associated acute kidney injury (CSA-AKI) as serum creatinine changes do not occur dynamically enough. Moreover, new approaches are needed for kidney protective strategy in patients undergoing cardiac surgery procedures; Methods: Samples of serum and urine were taken from the selected group of patients undergoing elective cardiac surgery procedures. The aim of this study was to assess the utility of specific inflammation and kidney injury biomarkers in the early diagnostic of CSA-AKI and in the prognosis of long-term postoperative kidney function; Results: At 6 h after weaning from cardiopulmonary bypass, there were significant differences in IL-6, IL-8, TNF-α, MMP-9 and NGAL concentrations in patients with CSA-AKI, compared to the control group. Serum IL-8 and urine NGAL 6 h after weaning from CPB proved to be independent acute kidney injury predictors. The TNF-α, MMP-9, IL-18, TIMP-1 and MMP-9/TIMP-1 ratio in the early postoperative period correlated with long-term kidney function impairment; Conclusions: Novel kidney injury biomarkers are an eligible tool for early diagnosis of CSA-AKI. They are also reliable indicators of long-term postoperative kidney function impairment risk after cardiac surgery procedures.

9.
Life (Basel) ; 11(8)2021 Aug 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34440550

RESUMO

Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is carbohydrate intolerance that occurs during pregnancy. This disease may lead to various maternal and neonatal complications; therefore, early diagnosis is very important. Because of the similarity in pathogenesis of type 2 diabetes and GDM, the genetic variants associated with type 2 diabetes are commonly investigated in GDM. The aim of the present study was to examine the associations between the polymorphisms in the ADCY5 (rs11708067, rs2877716), CAPN10 (rs2975760, rs3792267), and JAZF1 (rs864745) genes and GDM as well as to determine the expression of these genes in the placenta. This study included 272 pregnant women with GDM and 348 pregnant women with normal glucose tolerance. The diagnosis of GDM was based on a 75 g oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) at 24-28 weeks gestation, according to International Association of Diabetes and Pregnancy Study Groups (IADPSG) criteria. There were no statistically significant differences in the distribution of the ADCY5 gene (rs11708067, rs2877716) and CAPN10 gene (rs2975760, rs3792267) polymorphisms between pregnant women with normal carbohydrate tolerance and pregnant women with GDM. We have shown a lower frequency of JAZF1 gene rs864745 C allele carriers among women with GDM CC + CT vs. TT (OR = 0.60, 95% CI = 0.41-0.87, p = 0.006), and C vs. T (OR = 0.75, 95% CI = 0.60-0.95, p = 0.014). In addition, ADCY5 and JAZF1 gene expression was statistically significantly increased in the placentas of women with GDM compared with that of healthy women. The expression of the CAPN10 gene did not differ significantly between women with and without GDM. Our results indicate increased expression of JAZF1 and ADCY5 genes in the placentas of women with GDM as well as a protective effect of the C allele of the JAZF1 rs864745 gene polymorphism on the development of GDM in pregnant women.

10.
J Ophthalmol ; 2021: 3055722, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34336256

RESUMO

Purpose: To assess the time course changes in corneal topographic parameters during the one-year follow-up after Descemet membrane endothelial keratoplasty (DMEK) surgery. Materials and Methods: Twenty-one patients (24 eyes) who underwent DMEK surgery were evaluated. Best corrected visual acuity (BCVA), endothelial cell count (ECC), central corneal thickness (CCT), mean keratometry (MK), mean astigmatism (MA), astigmatism asymmetry (AA), and higher-order aberration (HOA) were assessed at baseline and 1, 3, 6 and 12 months after the surgery using CASIA2 anterior segment swept-source OCT (Tomey, Japan). Results: In patients who underwent DMEK surgery, BCVA improved gradually at the subsequent visits during the 12-month follow-up. A significant reduction in ECC and CCT at the 1st month was noted, which remained stable until the 6th month postoperatively. Anterior and total MK values remained unchanged, whereas changes in posterior keratometry were noticeable until the 6th month after surgery. A significant reduction in the anterior, posterior, and total astigmatism magnitude as well as astigmatism asymmetry was observed during the first 6 months after surgery. A gradual anterior, posterior, and total HOA decrease was documented until the 12th month after surgery. Negative correlations between baseline values of CCT, MK, MA, AA, and HOA and postoperative variations in those parameters at consecutive follow-up time points were observed. Accordingly, negative correlations between baseline CCT and postoperative changes in corneal topographic parameters after surgery were found. Conclusion: The stabilization of most corneal topographic parameters takes place within 6 months after the procedure, whereas HOA reduction and BCVA improvement gradually occur during the first year after surgery. Preoperative values of corneal topographic parameters strongly determine their changes detected after DMEK surgery, which may suggest that early therapeutic intervention results in better visual outcomes.

11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34200667

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Renalase is an enzyme with monoamine oxidase activity that metabolizes catecholamines; therefore, it has a significant influence on arterial blood pressure regulation and the development of cardiovascular diseases. Renalase is mainly produced in the kidneys. Nephrectomy and hemodialysis (HD) may alter the production and metabolism of renalase. The aim of this study was to examine the effect of bilateral nephrectomy on renalase levels in the serum and erythrocytes of hemodialysis patients. METHODS: This study included 27 hemodialysis patients post-bilateral nephrectomy, 46 hemodialysis patients without nephrectomy but with chronic kidney disease and anuria and 30 healthy subjects with normal kidney function. Renalase levels in the serum and erythrocytes were measured using an ELISA kit. RESULTS: Serum concentrations of renalase were significantly higher in post-bilateral nephrectomy patients when compared with those of control subjects (101.1 ± 65.5 vs. 19.6 ± 5.0; p < 0.01). Additionally, renalase concentrations, calculated per gram of hemoglobin, were significantly higher in patients after bilateral nephrectomy in comparison with those of healthy subjects (994.9 ± 345.5 vs. 697.6 ± 273.4, p = 0.015). There were no statistically significant differences in plasma concentrations of noradrenaline or adrenaline. In contrast, the concentration of dopamine was significantly lower in post-nephrectomy patients when compared with those of healthy subjects (116.8 ± 147.7 vs. 440.9 ± 343.2, p < 0.01). CONCLUSIONS: Increased serum levels of renalase in post-bilateral nephrectomy hemodialysis patients are likely related to production in extra-renal organs as a result of changes in the cardiovascular system and hypertension.


Assuntos
Catecolaminas , Hipertensão , Pressão Sanguínea , Humanos , Monoaminoxidase , Nefrectomia , Diálise Renal
12.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 15106, 2021 07 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34302055

RESUMO

Disturbances in choroidal microcirculation may lead to the onset and progression of age-related macular degeneration (AMD). We aimed to assess changes in the choroidal volume and thickness in the macular region in AMD eyes and to investigate whether coexisting vascular risk factors alter choroidal status. We enrolled 354 AMD patients (175 dry, 179 wet AMD) and 121 healthy controls. All participants underwent a complete ophthalmologic examination and assessment of choroidal thickness and volume. A multivariate analysis adjusted for age, sex, and smoking status revealed that wet AMD was an independent factor associated with higher average thickness of the central ring area (ATC) and average volume of the central ring area (AVC) and lower choroidal vascularity index (CVI) compared to controls (ß = + 0.18, p = 0.0007, ß = + 0.18, p = 0.0008, respectively) and to dry AMD (ß = + 0.17, p = 0.00003 for both ATC and AVC and ß = - 0.30 p < 0.0001 for CVI). ATC, AVC and average volume (AV) were lower in AMD patients with hypertension and ischaemic heart disease (IHD). The duration of hypertension was inversely correlated with ATC, AVC and AV (Rs = - 0.13, p < 0.05; Rs = - 0.12; p < 0.05, Rs = - 0.12; p < 0.05, respectively) while IHD duration negatively correlated with AV (Rs = - 0.15, p < 0.05). No such associations were observed in the control group. Our findings show that the choroidal vascular system in eyes with AMD is much more susceptible to damage in the presence than in the absence of systemic vascular disease.


Assuntos
Corioide/patologia , Degeneração Macular/patologia , Idoso , Feminino , Angiofluoresceinografia/métodos , Atrofia Geográfica/patologia , Humanos , Masculino , Vasos Retinianos/patologia , Fatores de Risco , Tomografia de Coerência Óptica/métodos , Acuidade Visual/fisiologia
13.
Genes (Basel) ; 12(6)2021 06 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34203885

RESUMO

Numerous genetic factors have been shown to influence athletic performance, but the list is far from comprehensive. In this study, we analyzed genetic variants in two genes related to mental abilities, SLC6A2 (rs1805065) and SYNE1 (rs2635438) in a group of 890 athletes (320 endurance, 265 power, and 305 combat athletes) vs. 1009 sedentary controls. Genotyping of selected SNPs was performed using TaqMan SNP genotyping assays. SLC6A2 codes for norepinephrine transporter, a protein involved in modulating mood, arousal, memory, learning, and pain perception, while SYNE1 encodes protein important for the maintenance of the cerebellum-the part of the brain that coordinates complex body movements. Both SNPs (rs2635438 and rs1805065) showed no statistically significant differences between the frequencies of variants in the athletes and the sedentary controls (athletes vs. control group) or in the athlete subgroups (martial vs. control, endurance vs. control, and power vs. control). The rs1805065 T variant of SLC6A2 was found to be overrepresented in male high-elite martial sports athletes when compared to sedentary controls (OR = 6.56, 95%CI = 1.82-23.59, p = 0.010). This supports the hypothesis that genetic variants potentially affecting brain functioning can influence elite athletic performance and indicate the need for further genetic association studies, as well as functional analyses.


Assuntos
Desempenho Atlético , Proteínas da Membrana Plasmática de Transporte de Norepinefrina/genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Atletas , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Polônia
14.
Leuk Lymphoma ; 62(11): 2768-2776, 2021 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34092168

RESUMO

Multiple myeloma (MM) is a malignant, incurable neoplastic disease. The currently used treatment significantly improves the prognosis and extends the survival time of patients. Unfortunately, a common side effect of the therapy is peripheral neuropathy, which may lead to dose reduction or complete treatment discontinuation/modification. In this study, we examined the changes in plasma levels of circulating miRNAs in myeloma patients to define potential factors characteristic for drug-induced peripheral neuropathy (DiPN). Global miRNA expression profile in the plasma of patients with MM during treatment was determined using miRNA microarray technology. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis allowed the identification of three miRNAs (miR-22-3p; miR-23a-3p; miR-24-3p) that could be a potential biomarker of PN. The most promising results were obtained for miR-22-3p, which was characterized by ROC area under curve (AUC) = 0.807. Our results suggest a relationship between the DiPN in patients with MM and the level of selected miRNAs in the plasma.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos , MicroRNAs , Mieloma Múltiplo , Doenças do Sistema Nervoso Periférico , Biomarcadores , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , MicroRNAs/genética , Mieloma Múltiplo/tratamento farmacológico , Mieloma Múltiplo/genética , Doenças do Sistema Nervoso Periférico/induzido quimicamente , Doenças do Sistema Nervoso Periférico/diagnóstico , Doenças do Sistema Nervoso Periférico/genética , Curva ROC
15.
Eur J Clin Pharmacol ; 77(11): 1673-1678, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34160668

RESUMO

AIM: Leflunomide is a disease-modifying antirheumatic drug used in therapy for rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Previous studies indicated that oestrogens and androgens may affect the response to leflunomide in RA patients. The synthesis of androgens is regulated by cytochrome CYB5A. The aim of this study was to examine the association between the CYB5A gene rs1790834 polymorphism and the response to leflunomide in women with RA. METHODS: The study included 111 women diagnosed with RA. Leflunomide was administered in monotherapy at a dose of 20 mg/day. All patients underwent a monthly evaluation for 12 months after the initiation of treatment with leflunomide. RESULTS: After 12 months of therapy, the changes in individual disease activity parameters, such as: DAS28, ESR, CRP and VAS, were not statistically significantly different between rs1790834 genotypes in the Kruskal-Wallis test. CONCLUSIONS: The results of our study suggest lack of statistically significant association between the CYB5A gene rs1790834 polymorphism and the response to leflunomide in women with RA.

16.
Stem Cells Int ; 2021: 6631921, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34122558

RESUMO

Background: Autologous bone marrow-derived lineage-negative (Lin-) cells present antiapoptotic and neuroprotective activity. The aim of the study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of novel autologous Lin- cell therapy during a 12-month follow-up period. Methods: Intravitreal injection of Lin- cells in 30 eyes with retinitis pigmentosa (RP) was performed. The fellow eyes (FEs) were considered control eyes. Functional and morphological eye examinations were performed before and 1, 3, 6, 9, and 12 months after the injection. Results: Patients whose symptoms started less than 10 years ago gained 14 ± 10 letters, while those with a longer disease duration gained 2.86 ± 8.54 letters compared to baseline at the 12-month follow-up (p = 0.021). There were significantly higher differences in response densities of P1-wave amplitudes in the first ring of multifocal ERGs in treated eyes than FE recordings in all follow-up points were detected. Accordingly, the mean deviation in 10-2 static perimetry improved significantly in the treated eyes compared with fellow eyes 12 months after the procedure. The QoL scores improved significantly and lasted until the 9-month visit. Conclusion: Lin- cell-based therapy is safe and effective, especially for a well-selected group of RP patients who still maintained good function of the foveal cones.

17.
Transplant Proc ; 53(5): 1528-1531, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33994185

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: VAV1 is an intracellular signal transduction protein that plays a significant role in signal transduction in T cells. Several studies suggest that VAV1 signaling plays significant roles in allograft rejection. The aim of this study was to examine the association between VAV1 gene polymorphisms and renal allograft function. METHODS: The study included 270 patients after allograft renal transplantation. We examined the associations between VAV1 gene polymorphisms and complications after transplantation, such as delayed graft function, acute rejection, and chronic allograft dysfunction. RESULTS: There were no statistically significant associations between VAV1 genotypes and delayed graft function and chronic allograft dysfunction. Among patients with acute allograft rejection, we observed decreased frequencies of VAV1 rs2546133 TT and CT genotypes (P = .03) and T allele (P = .02), as well as VAV1 rs2617822 GG and AG genotypes (P = .05) and G allele (P = 0.04). In the multivariate regression analysis, the higher number of VAV1 rs2546133 T alleles showed a protective effect against the acute rejection in kidney allograft recipients. CONCLUSIONS: The results of our study suggest that polymorphisms in the VAV1 gene are associated with kidney allograft rejection.


Assuntos
Função Retardada do Enxerto/genética , Rejeição de Enxerto/genética , Transplante de Rim/efeitos adversos , Polimorfismo Genético , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-vav/genética , Adulto , Alelos , Aloenxertos/metabolismo , Feminino , Genótipo , Humanos , Rim/metabolismo , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Análise de Regressão , Transplante Homólogo
18.
J Hum Kinet ; 78: 59-66, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34025864

RESUMO

The second-to-fourth-digit (2D:4D) ratio has been widely used as a putative marker of prenatal exposure to testosterone in health, behavioral and sport sciences, but it has only been used few times regarding combat athletes. This study involved 200 male elite combat athletes (Olympic wrestling, kickboxing, judo, taekwondo and karate) and 179 males not participating in any sports. The lengths of the index finger (2D) and ring (4D) finger were measured using computer-assisted image analysis (AutoMetric 2.2 software). The 2D:4D ratio of combat athletes was significantly lower than that of the controls. Moreover, a lower 2D:4D ratio was found among wrestlers, judo athletes and kickboxers than in the control group, and a higher 2D:4D ratio was found, but with borderline significance, among karate and taekwondo athletes. Moreover, multivariate analysis adjusted for age showed that judo, Olympic wrestling and kickboxing athletes combined had 2D:4D ratios significantly lower (by 0.035 on average) than those of the rest of the subjects and that karate and taekwondo athletes together had 2D:4D ratios significantly higher (by 0.014 on average) than those of the rest of the subjects. The research results and literature review indicate that knowledge about the functional meaning of the 2D:4D ratio is still too fragmentary and it is too early to use the 2D:4D ratio in the selection of sport talent; however, it may be a useful criteria when screening prospective athletes to be recruited to a team. That is why 2D:4D reference values should be defined for particular sports.

19.
Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci ; 62(4): 30, 2021 04 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33900362

RESUMO

Purpose: We aimed to investigate the reactivity of retinal vessels to a flickering stimulus in patients with age-related macular degeneration (AMD) and healthy participants. We also assessed whether the parameters of retinal vessels are dependent on genetic predisposition. Methods: A total of 354 patients with AMD and 121 controls were recruited for the study. All participants underwent thorough ophthalmologic examination and static and dynamic retinal vessel analysis. AMD risk polymorphisms were genotyped in the CFH and ARMS2 genes. Results: We found no differences between the AMD group and controls in central retinal arteriolar equivalent (CRAE), central retinal venular equivalent (CRVE), arteriovenous ratio (AVR), dynamic analysis of arteries (DAAs), or dynamic analysis of veins (DAVs). Eyes with early AMD presented with significantly higher AVR values than eyes with late AMD. In the AMD group, DAA correlated positively with both choroidal thickness (Rs = 0.14, P = 0.00096) and choroidal volume (Rs = 0.23, P < 0.0001), and no such associations were observed in the controls. We found significantly lower DAA (1.47 ± 1.50) in TT homozygotes for the ARMS2 A69S polymorphism in comparison with GG homozygotes (2.38 ± 1.79) and patients with GG + GT genotypes (2.28 ± 1.84). We also observed less prominent DAV (3.24 ± 1.71) in patients with TC + CC genotypes in the CFH Y402H polymorphism compared with TT homozygotes (3.83 ± 1.68). Conclusions: Our findings suggest that retinal microcirculation appears to be associated with the genetic background, choroidal parameters, and clinical features of the patients with AMD.


Assuntos
Corioide/patologia , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Degeneração Macular/genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Proteínas/genética , Vasos Retinianos/fisiopatologia , Idoso , Fator H do Complemento/genética , Fator H do Complemento/metabolismo , Feminino , Genótipo , Humanos , Degeneração Macular/diagnóstico , Degeneração Macular/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Proteínas/metabolismo , Vasos Retinianos/patologia , Tomografia de Coerência Óptica/métodos
20.
Kardiol Pol ; 79(7-8): 765-772, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33926172

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Heart failure (HF) is a complex disease that is under the control of different physiological systems. Left ventricular mass (LVM) is a strong predictor of HF. The renin-angiotensin system (RAS) may contribute to the pathogenesis of HF and LVM. AIMS: The aim of this study is to examine the association between RAS genetic variants and HF and LVM in the cohort of Polish patients with HF. METHODS: The study included 401 patients with HF. Two-dimensional M-mode echocardiography was used to assess LVM. Genomic DNA was extracted from blood, and genotyping of the angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) (rs4646994), angiotensinogen (AGT) (rs5051), and angiotensin II receptor type 1 (AGTR1) (rs5186) polymorphisms was carried out using polymerase chain reaction (PCR). RESULTS: A significant association was found between HF and the genotypes of G(-6)A AGT, and the homozygotes AA of AGT were significantly less common in the HF vs control group. The results of this study did not confirm the relationship between AGT, ACE and AT1R genetic variants with LVM in Polish patients with HF. CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggested that AGT polymorphism may play a protective role in the development of HF.


Assuntos
Insuficiência Cardíaca , Sistema Renina-Angiotensina , Genótipo , Insuficiência Cardíaca/genética , Humanos , Polônia , Polimorfismo Genético , Receptor Tipo 1 de Angiotensina/genética , Sistema Renina-Angiotensina/genética
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