Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 5 de 5
Mais filtros

Base de dados
Intervalo de ano de publicação
Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg ; 47(7): 888-895, 2018 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29336931


The aim of this study was to investigate the occurrence of oral lesions and micronuclei in crack cocaine users. A cross-sectional study was conducted involving 106 crack users and 106 non-users matched for age, sex, and tobacco use. Socio-demographic characteristics, the consumption of psychoactive substances, and the occurrence of fundamental lesions were investigated. Cellular changes in the oral mucosa (karyolysis, karyorrhexis, 'broken egg' events, and micronuclei) were determined by exfoliative cytology for 54 participants in each group. Crack users had a greater occurrence of fundamental lesions (P=0.001). Furthermore, they had higher mean occurrences of micronuclei (17.25 vs. 3.80), karyolysis (12.39 vs. 9.46), and karyorrhexis (30.39 vs. 10.11) (number per 1000 cells) than non-users (all P<0.05). No difference between the groups was found with regard to broken egg events (P>0.05). After controlling for confounding variables, fundamental lesions were 2.02-fold more frequent and micronuclei were 3.54-fold more frequent in crack users. Crack use was found to be associated with clinical and cellular changes in the oral mucosa. These findings can contribute to the planning of health care for individuals who are dependent on street drugs.

Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Cocaína/complicações , Cocaína Crack , Doenças da Boca/induzido quimicamente , Adolescente , Adulto , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Cocaína/patologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Testes para Micronúcleos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doenças da Boca/patologia , Mucosa Bucal/patologia
Microb Pathog ; 104: 125-132, 2017 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28089949


Candida infection is an important cause of morbidity and mortality on immunosuppressed patients. This growing trend has been associated with resistance to the antimicrobial therapy and the ability of microorganism to form biofilms. TTO oil is used as antimicrobial which shows antibiofilm activity against Candida species. However, it presents problems due to its poor solubility and high volatility. The present study aimed to evaluate in vitro antibiofilm activity of TTO nanoparticles against many Candida species. It was performed the characterization of the oil and nanoparticles. The levels of exopolysaccharides, proteins, and the biomass of biofilms were measured. The chromatographic profile demonstrated that the TTO oil is in accordance with ISO 4730 with major constituents of 41.9% Terpinen-4-ol, 20.1% of γ-Terpinene, 9,8% of α-Terpinene, and 6,0% of 1,8-Cineole. The TTO nanoparticles showed pH of 6.3, mean diameter of 158.2 ± 2 nm, polydispersion index of 0.213 ± 0.017, and zeta potential of -8.69 ± 0.80 mV. The addition of TTO and its nanoparticles represented a significant reduction of biofilm formed by all Candida species, as well as a reduction of proteins and exopolysaccharides levels. It was possible to visualize the reduction of biofilm in presence of TTO nanoparticles by Calcofluor White method.

Antifúngicos/administração & dosagem , Biofilmes/efeitos dos fármacos , Candida/efeitos dos fármacos , Candida/fisiologia , Melaleuca/química , Nanopartículas/administração & dosagem , Extratos Vegetais/administração & dosagem , Antifúngicos/química , Proteínas de Bactérias/metabolismo , Biomassa , Candida/ultraestrutura , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Nanopartículas/química , Extratos Vegetais/química , Óleos Vegetais/administração & dosagem , Óleos Vegetais/química
Int Endod J ; 49(8): 737-45, 2016 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26174479


AIM: To evaluate the cytotoxicity, oxidative stress and genotoxicity in vitro of four iodoform pastes and three calcium hydroxide pastes. METHODOLOGY: Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) and pure calf thymus DNA (dsDNA) were exposed to extracts of the pastes. Cytotoxicity was assessed with the MTT assay. Generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) was evaluated using a DCFH-DA assay, and lipid peroxidation was evaluated using a TBARS assay. Genotoxicity was evaluated using the alkaline comet assay and Genomodifier capacity assay (GEMO). All tests were performed after 24 h and 72 h of cell exposure, except GEMO. After performing the Kolmogorov-Smirnov test, data were analysed by Kruskal-Wallis and Dunn's post-tests, and anova with Dunnett's post-test, with a significance level established at P < 0.05. RESULTS: The MTT assay revealed that chlorhexidine, Maxitrol and neomycin sulphate + bacitracin pastes decreased cell viability after 24 h (P < 0.05). No group was associated with a significant decreased cell viability or lipid peroxidation after 72 h. Calcium hydroxide pastes increased the cell viability levels at both experimental times (P < 0.05). Lipid peroxidation was observed with the exposure of cells to calcium hydroxide pastes after 24 h (P < 0.05). Exposure to chlorhexidine, Guedes-Pinto and calcium hydroxide pastes resulted in a significant increase in ROS after 24 h (P < 0.05), whereas iodoform pastes and Calen thickened with zinc oxide significantly increased the ROS after 72 h (P < 0.05). The comet assay revealed that exposure of the PBMCs to iodoform pastes did not damage DNA at either period of time (P > 0.05). However, chlorhexidine paste caused DNA damage in dsDNA (P < 0.05). Calcium hydroxide pastes caused DNA damage in both tests (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: The pastes varied in their ability to induce cytotoxicity, genotoxicity and oxidative stress. In general, Guedes-Pinto, Maxitrol and neomycin sulphate + bacitracin pastes exhibited better biocompatibility in vitro.

DNA/efeitos dos fármacos , Hidrocarbonetos Iodados/farmacologia , Leucócitos Mononucleares/efeitos dos fármacos , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Materiais Restauradores do Canal Radicular/farmacologia , Análise de Variância , Animais , Bovinos , Dano ao DNA , Humanos , Leucócitos Mononucleares/metabolismo , Teste de Materiais , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Dente Decíduo , Testes de Toxicidade
Int Endod J ; 49(8): 746-54, 2016 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26175042


AIM: To evaluate the in vitro toxicity of irrigating solutions and pharmacological associations used in the pulpectomy of primary teeth. METHODOLOGY: The cell viability (MTT), lipid peroxidation (TBARS), alkaline comet assay and GEMO tests were performed to evaluate the cytotoxicity and genotoxicity of solutions: sodium hypochlorite (1% and 2.5%), 2% chlorhexidine, 6% citric acid and 17% EDTA, which were tested, individually and in association, exposing human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (MTT, TBARS and alkaline comet assay), at 24 and 72 h, and dsDNA (GEMO). After performing the Kolmogorov-Smirnov test, data were analysed by anova followed by Dunnett's post hoc test, and Kruskal-Wallis followed by Dunn post hoc test. A significance level was established at P < 0.05. RESULTS: All irrigating solutions and pharmacological associations reduced cell viability at 24 h (P < 0.05). These reductions were maintained after 72 h, except for EDTA and associations of sodium hypochlorite (1% and 2.5%) with EDTA and of chlorhexidine with EDTA. Lipid peroxidation at 24 h was caused by EDTA and by 2.5% sodium hypochlorite with EDTA; it was also caused at 72 h by sodium hypochlorite (1% and 2.5%) and the three associations with citric acid (P < 0.05). All groups caused DNA damage when assessed by the alkaline comet assay, at 24 h and 72 h (P < 0.05). In the GEMO assay, all groups caused dsDNA damage (P < 0.05), except for chlorhexidine with EDTA. CONCLUSION: All groups showed some level of toxicity. Amongst the main solutions, chlorhexidine presented less cytotoxic potential. EDTA was the least cytotoxic of the auxiliary irrigant solutions, and the association of these two solutions showed the lowest toxicity potential amongst all groups.

DNA/efeitos dos fármacos , Leucócitos Mononucleares/efeitos dos fármacos , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Pulpectomia/efeitos adversos , Dano ao DNA , Leucócitos Mononucleares/metabolismo , Irrigantes do Canal Radicular , Dente Decíduo , Testes de Toxicidade