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1.
Protoplasma ; 2020 Oct 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33083915

RESUMO

The infrageneric delimitation of Momordica, a medicinally important genus of Cucurbitaceae, is ill-defined until date. Momordica chromosomes are extremely small and are difficult to stain and visualize because of the dense cytoplasmic background. We have conducted karyomorphometric analysis by EMA method in five Indian Momordica species, and the nuclear genome sizes were estimated by flow cytometry for the first time. The somatic chromosome numbers ranged from 2n = 18 to 56 in the species. We have resolved previously disputed chromosome numbers in M. cymbalaria and M. dioica as 2n = 18 (lowest) and 2n = 56, respectively. Chromosome counts in the other species were re-confirmed as 2n = 22 in M. charantia, 2n = 28 in M. cochinchinensis and 2n = 56 in M. subangulata. The largest genome size was recorded in M. cymbalaria (3.74 pg 2C-1), while the smallest size (0.72 pg 2C-1) was detected in M. charantia var. charantia. The nuclear genome sizes were analysed in comparison to chromosome numbers and total chromosome lengths of the species. Karyomorphometric indices showed comparable symmetric karyotypes in the species except in M. cymbalaria having tendency towards asymmetry. The UPGMA phenogram and principle component analysis based on nuclear DNA contents and karyomorphometric parameters demonstrated interspecies differences, intraspecific distinction within M. charantia varieties and highlighted distinction of M. cymbalaria. This study was further supported by the rDNA ITS sequence-based phylogenetic analysis which revealed the monophyletic origin of the Indian members of Momordica and clarified the intraspecies relationship among the studied members. As a whole, the study brought out new insights on species diversification within the genus Momordica in India and would benefit further studies on biosystematics and plant breeding programmes.

2.
Anesthesiology ; 133(6): 1214-1222, 2020 12 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32960954

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The Hypotension Prediction Index is a commercially available algorithm, based on arterial waveform features, that predicts hypotension defined as mean arterial pressure less than 65 mmHg for at least 1 min. We therefore tested the primary hypothesis that index guidance reduces the duration and severity of hypotension during noncardiac surgery. METHODS: We enrolled adults having moderate- or high-risk noncardiac surgery with invasive arterial pressure monitoring. Participating patients were randomized to hemodynamic management with or without index guidance. Clinicians caring for patients assigned to guidance were alerted when the index exceeded 85 (range, 0 to 100) and a treatment algorithm based on advanced hemodynamic parameters suggested vasopressor administration, fluid administration, inotrope administration, or observation. Primary outcome was the amount of hypotension, defined as time-weighted average mean arterial pressure less than 65 mmHg. Secondary outcomes were time-weighted mean pressures less than 60 and 55 mmHg. RESULTS: Among 214 enrolled patients, guidance was provided for 105 (49%) patients randomly assigned to the index guidance group. The median (first quartile, third quartile) time-weighted average mean arterial pressure less than 65 mmHg was 0.14 (0.03, 0.37) in guided patients versus 0.14 (0.03, 0.39) mmHg in unguided patients: median difference (95% CI) of 0 (-0.03 to 0.04), P = 0.757. Index guidance therefore did not reduce amount of hypotension less than 65 mmHg, nor did it reduce hypotension less than 60 or 55 mmHg. Post hoc, guidance was associated with less hypotension when analysis was restricted to episodes during which clinicians intervened. CONCLUSIONS: In this pilot trial, index guidance did not reduce the amount of intraoperative hypotension. Half of the alerts were not followed by treatment, presumably due to short warning time, complex treatment algorithm, or clinicians ignoring the alert. In the future we plan to use a lower index alert threshold and a simpler treatment algorithm that emphasizes prompt treatment.

3.
Dent Mater ; 36(10): 1275-1281, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32636078

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Indirect dental restorations produced by computer-aided design and computer-aided manufacturing (CAD/CAM) are relatively new in daily dental practice. The aim of the present study was to compare the monomer release between direct composite restorations and indirect CAD/CAM produced restorations (composite, ceramic and hybrid). METHODS: Identical crown restorations were prepared from three indirect materials (Cerasmart, Vitablocs Mark II and Vita Enamic) and one composite material (Clearfil AP-X). For each restoration, eight crown restorations were luted onto tooth samples and immersed into 2.5mL of an aqueous extraction solvent. Additionally, three nonluted crowns of each restoration type were also immersed in the extraction solvent, and served as controls. Every week, the extraction solvent was collected and refreshed, during a period of 8 weeks. The released monomers were quantified using ultra-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. RESULTS: Indirect restorations release significantly lower quantities of residual monomers than direct restorations, and the monomers released by the luted indirect restorations are mainly derived from the composite material used for cementation. The quantity of monomers released by direct restorations greatly depended on the time of light polymerization. SIGNIFICANCE: In terms of monomer release, indirect restorations are a good alternative to direct restorations to limit patient exposure to residual monomers. It is important to ideally design the fit of indirect restoration so that the cement layer is as thin as possible and the monomer release from this cement layer remains as low as possible.

4.
Langmuir ; 36(18): 4975-4984, 2020 05 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32308003

RESUMO

A Landau-de Gennes formulation coupled with a mass-transfer equation was used to track the evaporation front and the development of chiral microstructures during the casting of sulfuric acid-hydrolyzed cellulose nanocrystal (CNC) films. These simulations are compared to thin-film casting experiments that used analogous processing parameters and environments. The results show that the initial concentration, chiral strength, surface anchoring, speed of drying, and the influence of initial shear alignment all affect the uniformity of the microstructure and the orientation of the chiral director. In this report, we aim to show that under optimal casting conditions, the lateral size of planar microstructural domains that exhibit uniform selective reflection can be achieved on the order of millimeters.

5.
Plants (Basel) ; 9(4)2020 Mar 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32224997

RESUMO

Bacopa monnieri has been used as a reputed drug in the Indian traditional ayurvedic system for centuries. This medicinal herb with important phytopharmaceuticals has been popularly known as "Brahmi". In recent years, B. monnieri has been extensively studied for its bioactive constituents, constituents responsible for memory enhancing effect, and also its diverse other useful effects. It possesses many pharmacological activities such as antioxidant, gastrointestinal, endocrine, antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory etc. The plant has been also used for the treatment of neurological and neuropsychiatric diseases. Due to its multipurpose therapeutic potential, micropropagation using axillary meristems and de novo organogenesis has been extensively studied in the species and is being reviewed. High frequency direct shoot organogenesis can be induced in excised leaf and internode explants in the absence of exogenous phytohormones and the rate of induction is enhanced in the presence of exogenous cytokinins, supplements, growth regulators, etc. Using explants from tissue culture raised plants, direct shoot regeneration leading to production of more than 100 rooted plants/explant within 8-12 weeks period with 85%-100% survival in the field after acclimatization can be expected following optimized protocols. Bioreactor based micropropagation was found to increase the multiplication rate of shoot cultures for the commercial propagation of B. monnieri plants. The maximum content of bacosides has been recorded in shoot biomass using an airlift bioreactor system. Further studies for the biosynthesis of bacosides and other secondary metabolites need to be conducted in the species utilizing untransformed shoot cultures in bioreactors.

6.
J Food Sci Technol ; 57(1): 293-300, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31975732

RESUMO

The present study was aimed to analyse bioactive compounds (total phenolics, ascorbic acid and sinigrin) and antioxidant activity in 14 mid-early cauliflower genotypes. Significant differences (pb 0.05) were observed among the genotypes for all bioactive compounds and antioxidant activity. Total phenolics content of curd were ranged from 20.36 to 48.93 mg gallic acid equivalent (GAE) 100 g-1 fresh weight (FW) which showed 2.5 times variation. The ascorbic acid content was maximum in DC522 (88.53 mg 100 g-1 FW) followed by Pusa Sharad (65.64 mg 100 g-1 FW) while minimum in DC310 (39.62 65.64 mg 100 g-1 FW). Wide variation was observed for cupric reducing antioxidant capacity and ferric reducing antioxidant power ranging from 9.04 to 20.83 mg GAE 100 g-1 FW and 13.11 to 26.31 mg GAE 100 g-1 FW, respectively. Sinigrin was found to be highest in DC306 (39.50 µmol 100 g-1 FW) for leaf and in DC326 (36.93 µmol 100 g-1 FW) for curd sample. The cauliflower genotypes were classified based on chemometric approaches namely principal component analysis (PCA) and agglomerative hierarchical clustering (AHC). The first two principal components (PC1 and PC2) explained 50.62% and 23.28% of total variance, respectively. The AHC as revealed by heat map classified cauliflower genotypes into four main groups based on measured traits. The information is useful for developing varieties and/or hybrids rich in bioactive compounds and antioxidant activity.

7.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 561: 71-82, 2020 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31812868

RESUMO

The present work examines binary solid solutions of BixSb2-xS3 [x = 0.536, 1.09, 1.68] toward photocatalytic degradation of Rhodamine-B (RhB) under visible light. Phase and microstructural analysis confirmed the formation of Bi0.536Sb1.464S3, Bi1.09Sb0.91S3, and Bi1.68Sb0.32S3 solid-solution phase with nanorods (~25-50 nm average diameter) morphology. The synthesized products show outstanding photocatalytic degradation of RhB with ~95-99.5% degradation achieved within 30 min. The kinetic study finds the high degradation efficiency (~98%) of BixSb2-xS3 photocatalysts stems from the amenable band gap (~2.3 eV, confirmed from DRS study), and higher separation efficiency of photogenerated electron-hole pairs (established from PL studies). The complete detoxification of RhB dye was confirmed by quantitative estimation of CO2 post photodegradation through GC analysis. Moreover, due to the solid and hard nature of the photocatalysts, it was easily recovered from the reaction mixture and reused multiple times without losing the degradation behavior. The parallel comparison with other active photocatalysts demonstrates BixSb2-xS3 [x = 0.536, 1.09, 1.68] have higher catalytic efficiency with similar dosing hitherto reported in the literature and possibly can be used for degradation of other organic dyes using the visible spectrum.

8.
Anesthesiology ; 132(1): 121-130, 2020 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31651439

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Low 25-hydroxyvitamin D is associated with cardiovascular, renal, and infectious risks. Postsurgical patients are susceptible to similar complications, but whether vitamin D deficiency contributes to postoperative complications remains unclear. We tested whether low preoperative vitamin D is associated with cardiovascular events within 30 days after noncardiac surgery. METHODS: We evaluated a subset of patients enrolled in the biobank substudy of the Vascular events In noncardiac Surgery patIents cOhort evaluatioN (VISION) study, who were at least 45 yr with at least an overnight hospitalization. Blood was collected preoperatively, and 25-hydroxyvitamin D was measured in stored samples. The primary outcome was the composite of cardiovascular events (death, myocardial injury, nonfatal cardiac arrest, stroke, congestive heart failure) within 30 postoperative days. Secondary outcomes were kidney injury and infectious complications. RESULTS: A total of 3,851 participants were eligible for analysis. Preoperative 25-hydroxyvitamin D concentration was 70 ± 30 nmol/l, and 62% of patients were vitamin D deficient. Overall, 26 (0.7%) patients died, 41 (1.1%) had congestive heart failure or nonfatal cardiac arrest, 540 (14%) had myocardial injury, and 15 (0.4%) had strokes. Preoperative vitamin D concentration was not associated with the primary outcome (average relative effect odds ratio [95% CI]: 0.93 [0.85, 1.01] per 10 nmol/l increase in preoperative vitamin D, P = 0.095). However, it was associated with postoperative infection (average relative effect odds ratio [95% CI]: 0.94 [0.90, 0.98] per 10 nmol/l increase in preoperative vitamin D, P adjusted value = 0.005) and kidney function (estimated mean change in postoperative estimated glomerular filtration rate [95% CI]: 0.29 [0.11, 0.48] ml min 1.73 m per 10 nmol/l increase in preoperative vitamin D, P adjusted value = 0.004). CONCLUSIONS: Preoperative vitamin D was not associated with a composite of postoperative 30-day cardiac outcomes. However, there was a significant association between vitamin D deficiency and a composite of infectious complications and decreased kidney function. While renal effects were not clinically meaningful, the effect of vitamin D supplementation on infectious complications requires further study.


Assuntos
Doenças Transmissíveis/epidemiologia , Cardiopatias/epidemiologia , Nefropatias/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Período Pré-Operatório , Deficiência de Vitamina D/sangue , Deficiência de Vitamina D/epidemiologia , Idoso , Doenças Transmissíveis/sangue , Comorbidade , Feminino , Cardiopatias/sangue , Humanos , Nefropatias/sangue , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/sangue , Vitamina D/análogos & derivados , Vitamina D/sangue
9.
Nano Lett ; 19(10): 7191-7200, 2019 10 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31507187

RESUMO

Developing low-weight, frugal, and sustainable power sources for resource-limited settings appears to be a challenging proposition for the advancement of next-generation sensing devices and beyond. Here, we report the use of centimeter-sized simple wet fabric pieces for electrical power generation by deploying the interplay of a spontaneously induced ionic motion across fabric nanopores due to capillary action and simultaneous water evaporation by drawing thermal energy from the ambient. Unlike other reported devices with similar functionalities, our arrangement does not necessitate any input mechanical energy or complex topographical structures to be embedded in the substrate. A single device is capable of generating a sustainable open circuit potential up to ∼700 mV, which is further scaled up to ∼12 V with small-scale multiplexing (i.e., deploying around 40 numbers of fabric channels simultaneously). The device is able to charge a commercial supercapacitor of ∼0.1 F which can power a white light-emitting diode for more than 1 h. This suffices in establishing an inherent capability of functionalizing self-powered electronic devices and also to be potentially harnessed for enhanced power generation with feasible up-scaling.

10.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 7563, 2019 05 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31101828

RESUMO

The evolutionary history of the medicinally important bulbous geophyte Drimia (subfamily: Scilloideae) has long been considered as a matter of debate in the monocot systematics. In India the genus is represented by a species complex, however, the taxonomic delimitation among them is ill-defined till date. In the present study, a comprehensive phylogenetic relationship among Indian species of this genus has been inferred for the first time based on chloroplast DNA trnL intron, rps16-trnK intergenic spacer, atpB-rbcL intergenic spacer and ribosomal DNA ITS1-5.8S-ITS2 sequences, leaf morphology, anatomy, stomatal characteristics and pollen exine ornamentations. The present findings revealed the monophyletic origin of the Indian members of Drimia and grouped them into two possible lineages (clade- I and II). The phylogenetic tree based on cpDNA concatenated sequences further resolved the clade-I into two distinct subclades (I and II) and clarified the intraspecies relationship among the studied members. The present study suggested a strong relationship between the molecular phylogeny and the morphological characteristics of the species studied. A possible trend of evolution of two important traits: 'type of palisade cells' in leaf and 'pollen exine patterns' among the members of Drimia in India was also suggested.


Assuntos
Asparagaceae/classificação , Asparagaceae/genética , Evolução Biológica , Cloroplastos/genética , DNA Ribossômico/genética , DNA Espaçador Ribossômico/genética , Índia , Filogenia , Folhas de Planta/anatomia & histologia , Pólen/anatomia & histologia
11.
J Biomater Appl ; 33(8): 1080-1093, 2019 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30717611

RESUMO

Airway obstruction conditions are relatively rarely observed in clinical settings but nevertheless, extremely challenging to handle, especially when observed in pediatric patients. Several surgical procedures, including tracheal resection, end-to-end tracheal anastomosis, and tracheoplasty, have been developed and practised of late, to treat airway obstruction. However, the clinical outcome is typically not satisfactory due to airway restenosis conditions that develop following surgery. Various types of stents are currently available for airway stenting ranging from non-degradable silicone tubes and bio-inert metallic stents (bare or coated with polymer matrix) to hybrid silicone tubes strengthened by metallic cores, but none of the stents provides the satisfactory long-term effectiveness. Therefore, there is a significant clinical need for a biodegradable airway stent that would maintain airway patency and totally degrade over time after meeting the desired objectives. The present study aims to investigate biodegradable magnesium-aluminum-zinc-calcium-manganese (AZXM) alloy as a potential tracheal stent. The new AZXM alloy was fabricated by partially replacing aliminum in commercial AZ31 alloy with calcium. The present study demonstrates that calcium preferentially segregates along the grain boundaries as intermetallic phases (Mg2Ca) and is homogeneously distributed in the magnesium matrix. The extruded AZXM alloy showed less pitting, higher corrosion resistance in Hank's Balanced Salt Solution (HBSS) compared to the as-cast and solution-treated AZXM alloys and exhibited optimized mechanical properties. In vitro cytotoxicity evaluation using human trachea epithelial cells demonstrated excellent cyto-compatibility of AZXM alloys compared to pure Mg and commercial AZ31 validated by a very preliminary rabbit in vivo tracheal model study. Preliminary results show that the approach to use biodegradable AZXM alloys as a tracheal stent is indeed promising, although further alloy processing is required to improve the ductility needed followed by a more exhaustive in vivo study to demonstrate full viability for stent applications.


Assuntos
Implantes Absorvíveis , Ligas/química , Materiais Biocompatíveis/química , Stents , Traqueia/cirurgia , Animais , Cálcio/química , Linhagem Celular , Sobrevivência Celular , Corrosão , Estudos de Viabilidade , Humanos , Manganês/química , Teste de Materiais , Coelhos , Mucosa Respiratória/citologia , Traqueia/citologia
12.
Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl ; 94: 597-607, 2019 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30423745

RESUMO

Composite coating of hydroxyapatite-polypyrrole is synthesized with the help of pulsed reverse electrochemical deposition method from aqueous bath through in-situ formation and co-deposition of both phases simultaneously over metallic stainless steel surface. The inter phase bonding along with surface energy variation and morphology is tuned with the help of deposition current density, deposition time and reverse duty cycle. Hydroxyapatite (HA) lattice exhibits unidirectional growth along the highest atomic plane of 〈111〉 parallel to the coating surface. Different kind of deposited hydroxyapatite structures, namely lamellar and spherical particle scaffold, are observed at moderate and high current densities respectively together with the incorporation of polypyrrole (PPy) phase in between. Pyrrole ring stretching and bond strengthening represent the bonding with hydroxyapatite lattice, which in turn helps to increase the overall corrosion resistance of composite coating by ten-fold as compared to bare PPY coating. The coating deposited with moderate current density (10 mA/cm2) seems to be the optimum one regarding the faster-interconnected growth of MG63 cells over the coating surface along with highest corrosion resistance and anodic passivation capability. Presence of sub-micron level ceramic hydroxyapatite scaffold along with polymer filler material makes this composite biocompatible coating as a potential candidate to use over the load bearing metallic implant surfaces due to its sufficient elasticity along with superior toughness.


Assuntos
Materiais Revestidos Biocompatíveis/síntese química , Durapatita/síntese química , Eletroquímica/métodos , Polímeros/síntese química , Pirróis/síntese química , Morte Celular , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Núcleo Celular/metabolismo , Forma Celular , Materiais Revestidos Biocompatíveis/química , Corrosão , Espectroscopia Dielétrica , Durapatita/química , Módulo de Elasticidade , Dureza , Humanos , Polímeros/química , Pirróis/química , Espectroscopia de Infravermelho com Transformada de Fourier , Propriedades de Superfície , Difração de Raios X
13.
Cureus ; 10(9): e3263, 2018 Sep 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30430052

RESUMO

Pseudo-pneumothorax occurs after inappropriately diagnosing a pneumothorax based on a chest X-ray. This can be attributed to skin folds, bed sheets, previous pneumothorax, heating blankets, clothes, and other circumstances that may mimic the radiographic findings of a pneumothorax. We present a case where a patient underwent a tube thoracostomy due to the diagnosis of a pneumothorax that was not, in fact, present. The unnecessary intervention was complicated by hemoptysis and cardiac arrest.

14.
ACS Omega ; 3(9): 10679-10691, 2018 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30320249

RESUMO

In the context of valorization of lignin produced from the pulp and paper industries, biodegradable UV-protection films were prepared using lignin and cellulose nanocrystals (CNCs). Initially, CNC films were optimized for improving their transparency by studying the effect of various sodium hydroxide (NaOH) concentrations. Maximum (%) transmittance of CNC film was obtained for NaOH addition between 3 and 4 wt %. The optimized CNC suspensions were used for incorporating alkaline lignin (AL) and softwood kraft lignin (SKL) in various concentrations (1-10 wt %). Morphological characterization showed homogeneity of the lignin distribution in CNC/lignin films. Complete UV blocking was achieved at 10 wt % lignin (AL or SKL) in CNC films. Cross-polarized optical microscopy and scanning electron microscopic images of films showed some degrees of global alignment of CNC rods upon addition of NaOH, which remained unaffected by lignin addition. Lignin modification through acetylation reduced the lignin color and improved visible light transmission of films without significantly affecting the UV-absorption properties. Presence of lignin also enhanced the thermal and contact angle stability of the films. This work shows for the first time that CNC aqueous suspensions with and without containing lignin could be tuned through the addition of NaOH to produce transparent and homogenous films, providing a simple and green approach in engineering CNC/lignin UV-protection films.

15.
Anal Chem ; 90(21): 12832-12839, 2018 11 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30289244

RESUMO

A novel analytical methodology based on correlated optical and electroanalytical measurements was developed to probe electrocatalytic reactions at individual nanoparticles (NPs) with well-defined geometries. The developed methodology, Optically Targeted ElectroChemical Cell Microscopy (OTECCM), relies on a combination of optical hyperspectral imaging, to locate individual NPs and provide structural information, and Scanning ElectroChemical Cell Microscopy (SECCM), to provide direct information on the electrochemical behavior of the same NPs. This complementary strategy allows for SECCM measurements to be carried out in a "targeted" fashion, offering significant throughput advantages over conventional, scanning-based approaches. The developed methodology was applied to study the electrocatalytic oxidation of hydrazine at individual Au nanorods (NRs). Correlated electron microscopy investigations were carried out to conclusively demonstrate the ability of the proposed methodology to probe electrochemical reactions at individual NRs. A wide variety in behavior of the individual NRs was observed, with surface reactions at Au playing a prominent role in the observed response. In situ spectroscopic investigations at individual NRs suggest surface restructuring and/or residual ligand desorption leads to significant changes in catalytic activity over time. Results from the correlated electron microscopy investigations as well as the statistical analyses of data obtained for hundreds of individual nanostructures suggest that the gross geometry of a NR is a poor predictor of its electrocatalytic performance.


Assuntos
Técnicas Eletroquímicas/métodos , Ouro/química , Hidrazinas/química , Microscopia/métodos , Nanotubos/química , Catálise , Oxirredução
16.
Langmuir ; 34(44): 13274-13282, 2018 11 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30301352

RESUMO

A Landau-de Gennes formulation was implemented in dynamic finite element simulations to compare with postshear relaxation experiments that were conducted on cholesteric cellulose nanocrystal (CNC) dispersions. Our study focused on the microstructural reassembly of CNCs in lyotropic dispersions as parameters such as chiral strength and gap confinement were varied. Our simulation results show that homeotropic and/or more complicated three-dimensional helical configurations are possible, depending on the choice of these parameters. We also observed how dynamic banding patterns develop into the hierarchical microstructures that are characterized by an equilibrium pitch length in both the experiments and simulations. This work has immediate relevance for cellulose nanocrystal dispersion processing and provides new insight into fluid phase ordering for tailorable optical properties.

17.
Cureus ; 10(8): e3173, 2018 Aug 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30357060

RESUMO

Takotsubo cardiomyopathy (TC) is a non-ischemic cardiomyopathy that is accompanied by sudden left ventricular myocardial stunning, dilation and dysfunction. It often results from severe emotional or physical stress. We present the case of a 41-year-old female patient who had general anesthesia induced uneventfully for an elective bladder sling procedure. After an intravaginal injection of local anesthesia (lidocaine 2%; epinephrine 1:100,000) just prior to the surgical incision, the patient had cardiovascular collapse for which cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) was performed. The patient was eventually stabilized but transesophageal echocardiography showed impairment in cardiac motion and remarkably reduced ejection fraction. Troponin levels were elevated but coronary angiography was unremarkable. The ejection fraction returned to normal the next day. Local anesthetic with epinephrine administration can lead to TC, and with optimal management, long-term cardiac sequela can be avoided.

18.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 10(28): 24116-24123, 2018 Jul 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29938487

RESUMO

Microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) have become a ubiquitous part of a multitude of industries including transportation, communication, medical, and consumer products. The majority of commercial MEMS devices are produced from silicon using energy-intensive and harsh chemical processing. We report that actuatable standard MEMS devices such as cantilever beam arrays, doubly clamped beams, residual strain testers, and mechanical strength testers can be produced via low-temperature fabrication of shear-aligned cellulose nanocrystal (CNC) films. The devices had feature sizes as small as 6 µm and anisotropic mechanical properties. For 4 µm thick doubly clamped beams with the CNC aligned parallel to the devices' long axes, the Young's moduli averaged 51 GPa and the fracture strength averaged 1.1 GPa. These mechanical properties are within one-third of typical values for polysilicon devices. This new paradigm of producing MEMS devices from CNC extracted from waste biomass provides the simplicity and tunability of fluid-phase processing while enabling anisotropic mechanical properties on the order of those obtained in standard silicon MEMS.

19.
Lab Chip ; 18(11): 1560-1568, 2018 05 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29722772

RESUMO

We exploit the combinatorial advantage of electrokinetics and tortuosity of a cellulose-based paper network on laboratory grade filter paper for the development of a simple, inexpensive, yet extremely robust (shows constant performance for 12 days) 'paper-and-pencil'-based device for energy harvesting applications. We successfully achieve harvesting of a maximum output power of ∼640 pW in a single channel, while the same is significantly improved (by ∼100 times) with the use of a multichannel microfluidic array (maximum of up to 20 channels). Furthermore, we also provide theoretical insights into the observed phenomenon and show that the experimentally predicted trends agree well with our theoretical calculations. Thus, we envisage that such ultra-low cost devices may turn out to be extremely useful in energizing analytical microdevices in resource limited settings, for instance, in extreme point of care diagnostic applications.

20.
Langmuir ; 34(4): 1447-1456, 2018 01 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29281292

RESUMO

Bioactive nanomaterials, namely: ruthenium hydrous oxide (or ruthenium oxy-hydroxide), RuOx(OH)y and also a surface-conjugated novel material of the same within the template of an amino acid molecule, l-cysteine, have been studied. These compounds have been prepared through a simple wet chemical route, under physiological conditions, such that they could be suitably used in anticancer applications. Several physical methods were used for the nanomaterial characterization, e.g.: thermal analysis of the as prepared ruthenium hydrous oxide by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) followed by thermal gravimetric analysis (TGA). This confirms that the material is a precursor for anhydrous nanocrystalline ruthenium oxide (RuO2), as is affirmed by powder X-ray diffraction pattern. Also, optical spectroscopic absorption (UV-vis and FT-IR) study of these nanoparticles (NPs) to ascertain their surface conjugation with l-cysteine have been performed. Besides these, surface morphology of the NPs were studied by field emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM) along with their elemental purity check through energy dispersive X-ray analysis (EDX). Their surface chemical microenvironments were examined by X-ray photo electron spectroscopy (XPS). The hydrodynamic size of the prepared NPs were measured through dynamic light scattering (DLS) studies. Further, biological consequences of these NPs on cancerous HeLa cells and their cytotoxicity effects have been reported with MTT assay, such an application has not been reported so far.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/química , Cisteína/química , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química , Compostos de Rutênio/química , Varredura Diferencial de Calorimetria , Difusão Dinâmica da Luz , Células HeLa , Humanos , Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura , Difração de Raios X
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