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1.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 45(3): 459-467, May-June 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-1012312

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Purpose: 68Ga-PSMA PET/CT imaging is a promising modality for the staging of recurrent prostate cancer (PCa). Current evidence suggests limited diagnostic value of the 68Ga-PSMA PET/CT in PSA-levels ≤0.3ng/mL. Experimental data have demonstrated an increase in PSMA-expression in PCa metastases by androgen deprivation in vitro. The aim of the current study was to investigate a possible enhancing effect of PSMA with low-dose androgen deprivation in patients with BCR and low PSA-levels. Materials and Methods: Five patients with PCa and BCR, following radical prostatectomy, underwent 68Ga-PSMA PET/CT. A consecutive 68Ga-PSMA PET/CT was performed 6 to 11 days after injection of 80mg of Degarelix (Firmagon®). We recorded PSA and testosterone serum-levels and changes of PSMA-uptake in 68Ga-PSMA PET/CT images. Results: Median PSA prior 68Ga-PSMA PET/CT was 0.27ng/mL. All patients had a decrease in testosterone serum levels from median 2.95μg/l to 0.16μg/l following Degarelix injection. We observed an increase in the standardized uptake value (SUV) in PSMA-positive lymphogenous and osseous lesions in two patients following androgen deprivation. In another two patients, no PSMA positive signals were detected in either the first or the second scan. Conclusion: Our preliminary results of this feasibility assessment indicate a possible enhancing effect of PSMA-imaging induced by low-dose ADT. Despite several limitations and the small number of patients, this could be a new approach to improve staging by 68Ga-PSMA PET/CT in PCa patients with BCR after primary therapy. Further prospective studies with larger number of patients are needed to validate our findings.

2.
Mol Imaging Biol ; 2019 Apr 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30945122

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The enzyme O6-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase (MGMT) is an important component of the DNA repair machinery. MGMT removes O6-methylguanine from the DNA by transferring the methyl group to a cysteine residue in its active site. Recently, we detected the single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) rs12917 (C/T) in the MGMT sequence adjacent to the active site in Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) cell line KM-H2. We now investigated whether this SNP is also present in other HL cell lines and patient samples. Furthermore, we asked whether this SNP might have an impact on metabolic response in 2-deoxy-2-[18F]fluoro-D-glucose positron emission tomography ([18F]FDG-PET), and on overall treatment outcome based on follow-up intervals of at least 34 months. PROCEDURES: We determined the frequency of this MGMT polymorphism in 5 HL cell lines and in 29 pediatric HL (PHL) patients. The patient cohort included 17 female and 12 male patients aged between 4 and 18 years. After characterization of the sequence, we tested a possible association between rs12917 and age, gender, Ann Arbor stage, treatment group, metabolic response following two courses of OEPA (vincristine, etoposide, prednisone, and doxorubicin) chemotherapy, radiotherapy indication, and relapse status. RESULTS: We detected the minor T allele in four of five HL cell lines. 11/29 patients carried the minor T allele whereas 18/29 patients showed homozygosity for the major C allele. Interestingly, we observed significantly better metabolic response in PHL patients carrying the rs12917 C allele resulting in a lower frequency of radiotherapy indication. CONCLUSION: MGMT polymorphism rs12917 seems to affect chemotherapy response in PHL. The prognostic value of this polymorphism should be investigated in a larger patient cohort.

3.
Int Braz J Urol ; 45(3): 459-467, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30901173

RESUMO

PURPOSE: 68Ga-PSMA PET/CT imaging is a promising modality for the staging of recurrent prostate cancer (PCa). Current evidence suggests limited diagnostic value of the 68Ga-PSMA PET/CT in PSA-levels ≤0.3ng/mL. Experimental data have demonstrated na increase in PSMA-expression in PCa metastases by androgen deprivation in vitro. The aim of the current study was to investigate a possible enhancing effect of PSMA with low-dose androgen deprivation in patients with BCR and low PSA-levels. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Five patients with PCa and BCR, following radical prostatectomy, underwent 68Ga-PSMA PET/CT. A consecutive 68Ga-PSMA PET/CT was performed 6 to 11 days after injection of 80mg of Degarelix (Firmagon®). We recorded PSA and testosterone serum-levels and changes of PSMA-uptake in 68Ga-PSMA PET/CT images. RESULTS: Median PSA prior 68Ga-PSMA PET/CT was 0.27ng/mL. All patients had a decrease in testosterone serum levels from median 2.95µg/l to 0.16µg/l following Degarelix injection. We observed an increase in the standardized uptake value (SUV) in PSMA-positive lymphogenous and osseous lesions in two patients following androgen deprivation. In another two patients, no PSMA positive signals were detected in either the fi rst or the second scan. CONCLUSION: Our preliminary results of this feasibility assessment indicate a possible enhancing effect of PSMA-imaging induced by low-dose ADT. Despite several limitations and the small number of patients, this could be a new approach to improve staging by 68Ga-PSMA PET/CT in PCa patients with BCR after primary therapy. Further prospective studies with larger number of patients are needed to validate our findings.


Assuntos
Antagonistas de Androgênios/uso terapêutico , Glicoproteínas de Membrana , Metástase Neoplásica/diagnóstico por imagem , Compostos Organometálicos , Tomografia Computadorizada com Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons/métodos , Neoplasias da Próstata/patologia , Compostos Radiofarmacêuticos , Idoso , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Gradação de Tumores , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Oligopeptídeos/uso terapêutico , Antígeno Prostático Específico/sangue , Valores de Referência , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Fatores de Tempo
4.
Zentralbl Chir ; 143(4): 361-366, 2018 Aug.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30134494

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The optimal extent of thyroidectomy for papillary thyroid cancer (PTC) ≥ 10 mm und < 10 mm is still controversial. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to investigate factors predictive for bilaterality in patients with papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC). MATERIAL AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 123 PTC patients in a single centre study who underwent either completion or total thyroidectomy and analysed the predictive value of tumour size, histological parameters, multifocality, and lymph node metastases with primary tumour size of ≥ 10 mm and < 10 mm as well as for ≥ 7 mm and < 7 mm. RESULTS: Out of 123 patients, 26 exhibited bilateral PTC. This was significantly more frequent in patients with a primary tumour size of ≥ 10 mm (77%) compared to a tumour size of < 10 mm (23%) (p = 0.004). Multifocality was found to be an independent predictive factor for bilaterality (p = 5.022e-18). Metachronous lymph node metastases showed a trend for bilateral PTCs (p = 0.0691). These findings were reproducible for the comparison between the ≥ 7 mm and < 7 mm group. CONCLUSION: The presence of bilateral PTC appears to be related to the size of the primary tumour ≥ 10 mm. Multifocality is a positive predictor for bilaterality. When multifocality, even with a primary tumour size of < 10 mm, is observed in patients with PTC, total thyroidectomy or completion thyroidectomy may be considered. If lobectomy is performed in patients with PTC, meticulous follow-up is needed to detect hidden malignancies in the contralateral lobe.

5.
Case Rep Oncol ; 9(1): 158-63, 2016 Jan-Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27065847

RESUMO

We report on a 90-year-old male patient with a ROS1-translocated adenocarcinoma of the lung who was treated with crizotinib as first-line therapy. After 11 months of treatment, we noticed complete metabolic response as measured by (18)F-FDG-PET/CT scan and a partial response according to RECIST criteria. This patient indicates that ROS1 translocations are not restricted to young age, female gender and low stage. Furthermore, this case illustrates exemplarily that crizotinib therapy is effective and manageable even as first-line treatment in elderly patients with comorbidities. Based on our findings, we recommend to include elderly patients with advanced pulmonary adenocarcinomas in molecular screening approaches for ROS1 translocations.

6.
Prostate ; 76(8): 776-80, 2016 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26880517

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Our study is the first evaluation of nodal metastatic prostate cancer (PCa) to mesorectal lymph nodes (MLN) detected by (68) Ga-PSMA-PET/CT. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 76 consecutive PCa patients who underwent (68) Ga-PSMA-PET/CT: 61 PCa patients with biochemical recurrence (BCR) after curative treatment and 15 high-risk PCa before primary therapy. We assessed PET-positive MLN, which are indicative for PCa. RESULTS: We detected PET-positive lesions for PCa in (68) Ga-PSMA-PET/CT in 66 of 76 (87%) patients. Nodal disease was imaged in 47 of 66 (71%) patients. Indicative mesorectal nodal lesions for PCa were detected in 12 of 76 (15.8%) patients. The median number of PET-positive MLN was one per patient. Seven of twelve patients had recurrent PCa after radical prostatectomy with a median PSA value of 1.84 ng/ml (range 0.31-13). Five of twelve patients had untreated first diagnosed high-risk PCa with median PSA value of 90 ng/ml (range 4.6-93) at PET/CT, respectively. For all PET positive MLN a morphological correlate was found in CT (shortest diameter median 4 mm [range 4-21]; longest diameter median 7.5 mm [range 5-25]). After PET/CT, four patients with recurrent PCa received hormonal therapy, one patient was treated with directed radiation therapy of MLN, one patient received chemotherapy, and one patient was treated with pelvic lymph node dissection. Three high-risk PCa patients received hormonal therapy, and two patients were treated with adjuvant hormonal therapy after radical prostatectomy. CONCLUSIONS: Detection and exact location of nodal metastasis for PCa is crucial for the choice of treatment and the patient's prognosis. (68) Ga-PSMA-PET/CT seems to improve the detection of nodal metastasis in PCa, especially concerning mesorectal lymph nodes.


Assuntos
Linfonodos/patologia , Metástase Linfática/patologia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Neoplasias da Próstata/patologia , Humanos , Masculino , Prostatectomia , Neoplasias da Próstata/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos
7.
Eur J Nucl Med Mol Imaging ; 43(5): 898-905, 2016 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26563122

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Binding of (68)Ga-PSMA-HBED-CC ((68)Ga-PSMA) at prostate cancer (PC) cells increases over time. A biphasic protocol may help separating benign from tumor lesions. The aim of this study was the retrospective evaluation of a diagnostic incremental value of a dual-time point (biphasic) (68)Ga-PSMA-PET/CT in patients with prostate cancer. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of 35 consecutive patients (49-78 years, median 71) with newly diagnosed PC (12/35) or recurrence of PC (23/35). PET/CT (Gemini TF16, Philips) was acquired 1 h and 3 h p. i. of 140-392 MBq (300 MBq median) (68)Ga-PSMA, followed by a diagnostic contrast CT. PET findings were correlated with histology or unequivocal CT findings. Semiquantitative PET data (SUVmax, SUV mean) were acquired and target-to-background-ratios (T/B-ratio) were calculated for benign and malign lesions for both time points. Size of lymph nodes (LN) on diagnostic CT was recorded. Statistical analysis was performed for assessment of significant changes of semiquantitative PET-parameters over time and for correlation of size and uptake of lymph nodes. RESULTS: One hundred and four lesions were evaluated. Sixty lesions were referenced by histology or unequivocal CT findings, including eight (13.3 %) histopathologically benign lymph nodes, 12 (20 %) histopathologically lymph node metastases, 12 (20 %) primary tumors, three (5 %) local recurrences, and 25 (41.7 %) bone metastases. Forty-four lesions were axillary LN with normal CT-appearance. Benign lesions had significantly lower SUVmax and T/B-ratios compared with malignant findings. Malign lesions showed a significant increase of both parameters over time compared to benign findings. There was no correlation between LN size and SUVmax. The sensitivity, specificity, the positive predictive value and negative predictive value of PET/CT regarding pelvic LN was 94 %, 99 %, 89 %, and 99.5 %, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: In contrast to benign tissues, the uptake of proven tumor lesions increases on (68)Ga-PSMA-PET/CT over time. A biphasic PET-study may lead to a better detection of tumor lesions in unequivocal findings.


Assuntos
Carcinoma/diagnóstico por imagem , Compostos Organometálicos , Tomografia Computadorizada com Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons , Neoplasias da Próstata/diagnóstico por imagem , Compostos Radiofarmacêuticos , Adulto , Idoso , Ácido Edético/análogos & derivados , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Oligopeptídeos
10.
Eur J Nucl Med Mol Imaging ; 42(2): 231-40, 2015 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25316295

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To retrospectively study the influence of nodal tumour burden on lymphoscintigraphic imaging in 509 consecutive patients with melanomas. METHODS: Bidirectional lymphatic drainage, the clear depiction of an afferent lymphatic vessel, time to depiction of the first sentinel lymph node (SLN) and number of depicted and excised nodes were recorded. Nodal tumour load was classified as SLN-negative, SLN micrometastases or macrometastases. RESULTS: In the overall population, using multivariate regression analysis, a short SLN depiction time was significantly associated with the depiction of a greater number of radioactive nodes, a short distance between the primary tumour site and the nodal basin, younger age and lower nodal tumour burden. The proportion of patients with clear depiction of an afferent lymphatic vessel depended on the nodal tumour load (46% in SLN-negative patients, 57% in SLN positive patients, and 69% in patients with macrometastases; P = 0.009). Macrometastasis was significantly associated with delayed depiction of the first radioactive node and a greater number of depicted hotspots. In patients with clinically nonsuspicious nodes, i.e. the classical target group for SLN biopsy, clear depiction of an afferent vessel was significantly associated with a higher number of SLNs during dynamic acquisition, SLN micrometastasis and a higher overall number of metastatic lymph nodes after SLN biopsy plus completion lymphadenectomy. The excision of more than two SLNs did not increase the metastasis detection rate. In patients with bidirectional or tridirectional lymphatic drainage, the SLN positivity rates for the first, second and third basin were 25.4%, 11.7% and 0.0 %, respectively (P = 0.002). CONCLUSION: In patients with clinically nonsuspicious lymph nodes, clear depiction of an afferent lymph vessel may be a sign of micrometastasis. Macrometastasis is associated with prominent afferent vessels, delayed depiction of the first radioactive node and a higher number of depicted hotspots.


Assuntos
Linfocintigrafia , Melanoma/diagnóstico por imagem , Carga Tumoral , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Metástase Linfática/diagnóstico por imagem , Metástase Linfática/patologia , Masculino , Melanoma/patologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Compostos Radiofarmacêuticos , Agregado de Albumina Marcado com Tecnécio Tc 99m
11.
Med Oncol ; 31(1): 813, 2014 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24338272

RESUMO

Even though ipilimumab is a promising antibody used for stage IV melanoma therapy, the response varies and is difficult to predict. We here report on a case of successful treatment with ipilimumab in dacarbazine-resistant metastatic malignant melanoma, including a review of the literature on the long-term treatment results. A 62-year-old patient with a history of a resected lentigo-maligna melanoma 5 years earlier and parotideal metastasis 1 year before was admitted with a newly detected 3.5 cm liver metastasis. Atypical liver resection was performed (R1). Immunohistochemically, CD3+ T-lymphocytes and CD68+ macrophages were detected at the tumour margins and within the parotideal and hepatic melanoma metastases. A sub-analysis of the liver metastasis showed scattered FOX-P3+ regulatory T-lymphocytes as well as multiple CD8+ effector T-cells. Chemotherapy with dacarbazine 1,000 mg/m(2)/day was administered at 4-weeks intervals for 3 months. A follow-up positron-emission computed tomography and liver biopsy revealed melanoma metastases in the liver, lungs, and mediastinum. Compassionate use of ipilimumab was administered at 3 mg/kg every 3 weeks for a total of four doses. After an initial increase in tumour size, most lesions responded, but progressive axillary and cervical lymphadenopathy was observed before complete remission was achieved. Side effects included fatigue, dyspnoea, cough, upper abdominal pain with diarrhoea, and gingival hyperplasia. Now, 36 months after ipilimumab therapy and 8 years after the initial melanoma diagnosis, the tumour did not recur. It would be challenging to hypothesize that long intervals between diagnosis and need for treatment, clinical side effects, an initial increase in tumour size and the presence of intra-tumoural T-cells and macrophages might predict tumour response.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais/uso terapêutico , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Sarda Melanótica de Hutchinson/terapia , Melanoma/terapia , Antígenos CD/metabolismo , Antígenos de Diferenciação Mielomonocítica/metabolismo , Complexo CD3/metabolismo , Antígeno CTLA-4/metabolismo , Humanos , Sarda Melanótica de Hutchinson/patologia , Sistema Imunitário/efeitos dos fármacos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Ipilimumab , Neoplasias Hepáticas/secundário , Neoplasias Hepáticas/cirurgia , Masculino , Melanoma/patologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Metástase Neoplásica , Indução de Remissão , Resultado do Tratamento
13.
Ann Surg Oncol ; 20(5): 1714-21, 2013 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23314605

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The value of a preoperative lymphoscintigraphy in melanoma patients with clinically evident regional lymph node metastases has not been studied. Therapeutic lymph node dissection (TLND) is regarded as the clinical standard, but the appropriate extent of TLND is controversial in all lymphatic basins. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Of the 115 consecutive patients with surgery on palpable lymph node metastases, 34 received a pre-operative lymphoscintigraphy. Lymphatic drainage to a second nodal basin outside the clinically involved basin was found in 15 cases. In 13 patients, the ectopic tumor-draining lymph nodes were excised as in a sentinel node biopsy. The lymph nodes from the TLND specimens were postoperatively separated and classified as either radioactive or non-radioactive. RESULTS: A total of 493 lymph nodes were examined pathologically. The largest macrometastasis maintained the ability to take up radiotracer in 77% of cases. Radioactively labeled lymph nodes carried a higher risk of being involved with metastasis. The proportions of tumor involvement for radioactive and non-radioactive lymph nodes were 44.5 and 16.9%, respectively (P=0.00002). Of the 13 ectopic nodal basins surgically explored, six harbored clinically occult metastases. CONCLUSION: In patients undergoing TLND for palpable metastases, tumor-draining lymph nodes in a second, ectopic nodal basin should be excised, because they could be affected by occult metastasis. With respect to radioactive lymph nodes situated within the nodal basin of the macrometastasis but beyond the borders of a less-radical lymphadenectomy, further studies are needed.


Assuntos
Excisão de Linfonodo/métodos , Linfonodos/diagnóstico por imagem , Linfocintigrafia , Melanoma/diagnóstico por imagem , Melanoma/secundário , Neoplasias Cutâneas/patologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Metástase Linfática , Masculino , Melanoma/cirurgia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Biópsia de Linfonodo Sentinela , Neoplasias Cutâneas/cirurgia , Adulto Jovem
14.
BMC Cancer ; 12: 424, 2012 Sep 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23006472

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pulmonary carcinosarcoma is a biphasic tumour with an unfavourable prognosis. The differential diagnosis includes pulmonary blastoma and is often challenging. CASE PRESENTATION: We here describe a case of blastomatoid pulmonary carcinosarcoma in a 58-year-old patient, who underwent surgical resection. Histopathological examination revealed immature glandular epithelium resembling high-grade fetal adenocarcinoma expressing epithelial markers and membranous beta-catenin, and blastomatoid spindle cells with partial rhabdomyosarcoma-like differentiation. Both elements expressed p53, MDM2, and cyclin-dependent kinase 4 (CDK4), but not thyroid-transcription factor 1 (TTF-1). Mutation analysis of KRAS, EGFR, and beta-catenin revealed no mutations. Comparative genomic hybridization detected +1q, +6p, +6q24qter, +8q, +11q12q14, +11q23qter, +12q12q21, +12q24qter, +17q, +20q, -5q14q23, -9p13pter, -13q21q21, and amplifications at 12q14q21, 15q24qter, 20q11q12. CONCLUSION: The observed molecular and cytogenetic findings may provide additional tools for the differential diagnosis of biphasic pulmonary neoplasms. Furthermore, TP53, MDM2, CDK4, and PTPN1 may be involved in tumourigenesis.


Assuntos
Carcinossarcoma/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/diagnóstico , Pulmão/patologia , Blastoma Pulmonar/diagnóstico , Carcinossarcoma/genética , Carcinossarcoma/metabolismo , Aberrações Cromossômicas , Hibridização Genômica Comparativa , Quinase 4 Dependente de Ciclina/metabolismo , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Pulmão/metabolismo , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Neoplasias Pulmonares/metabolismo , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-mdm2/metabolismo , Blastoma Pulmonar/genética , Blastoma Pulmonar/metabolismo , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/metabolismo
15.
Ann Hematol ; 90(11): 1307-15, 2011 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21360108

RESUMO

A phase II trial evaluated safety, feasibility and efficacy of a sequential tandem approach combining myeloablative BEAM chemotherapy and autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT) with myeloablative radioimmunotherapy (HD-RIT), with (131)I-anti-CD20 antibody ((131)I-rituximab), followed by a second ASCT in patients with relapsed or refractory CD20+ B-cell lymphoma. According to protocol, 16 patients with relapsed (n = 14) and refractory (n = 2) CD20+ B-cell lymphoma received salvage therapy with rituximab and Dexa-BEAM, followed by BEAM (HD chemotherapy) and high-dose myeloablative radioimmunotherapy 2-6 months after BEAM. Nine of 16 patients received HD-RIT; seven patients were excluded before HD-RIT because of toxicity or progressive disease. Disease histologies were follicular lymphoma (FL) grades 1 and 2 (n = 4), transformed follicular (FL 3b; n = 6), diffuse large B-cell (DLBCL; n = 4), mantle cell (n = 1) and marginal zone lymphoma (n = 1). After a median follow-up of 50.4 months for OS and 39.7 months for progression-free survival (PFS), estimated 4-year OS and PFS were 67% and 64%, respectively. The estimated 4-year OS and PFS for patients with FL were 80% and 78%, respectively. Toxicity was significant, including one fatal outcome due to pneumonitis. Tandem transplants consisting of HD chemotherapy followed by HD-RIT with (131)I-coupled anti-CD20 are manageable and effective but toxic treatment modalities for relapsed poor prognosis CD20+ B-NHL.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais Murinos/uso terapêutico , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Linfoma de Células B/prevenção & controle , Linfoma de Células B/terapia , Radioimunoterapia/métodos , Terapia de Salvação , Transplante de Células-Tronco , Antígenos CD20/imunologia , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica , Carmustina , Terapia Combinada , Citarabina , Dexametasona , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Relação Dose-Resposta à Radiação , Etoposídeo , Humanos , Radioisótopos do Iodo/uso terapêutico , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Melfalan , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Agonistas Mieloablativos/uso terapêutico , Estudos Prospectivos , Recidiva , Rituximab
16.
J Dtsch Dermatol Ges ; 9(2): 123-7, 2011 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês, Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21040471

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The impact of lymphatic drainage to popliteal sentinel lymph nodes (SLNs) has yet to be explored in detail. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We performed lymphoscintigraphy on 663 patients with cutaneous melanomas. The following day sentinel lymphonodectomy was performed. SLNs were studied on serial sections with both histology and immunohistochemistry. RESULTS: 166 patients had a melanoma located on the foot, the lower leg or the knee, i. e., the potential of lymphatic drainage to the popliteal lymph nodes. On lymphoscintigraphy, only 16 patients (9.6 %) showed popliteal SLNs. A popliteal SLN was surgically identified in only 6 of the 16 patients. The reason for the poor identification rate was exhausted radioactivity in the small popliteal nodes the day after lymphoscintigraphy. In 3 cases, popliteal SLN metastasis was diagnosed. All but one patient had an additional drainage to the inguinal lymph nodes; inguinal SLN metastasis was diagnosed in 7 patients. Even all 16 patients showed lymphatic drainage to iliac lymph nodes, metastasis in the pelvis was diagnosed in 4 patients. CONCLUSIONS: Popliteal SLNs are observed in less than 10 % of the patients with melanomas of the distal leg. In the case of suspected popliteal drainage, lymphoscintigraphy should be performed on the day of sentinel lymphonodectomy because the radioactivity of the small and deeply situated popliteal nodes diminishes rapidly. With respect to complete lymphadenectomy, decision-making is difficult since three nodal basins (popliteal, inguinal and iliac) may harbor metastases.


Assuntos
Perna (Membro)/patologia , Linfonodos/patologia , Melanoma/patologia , Melanoma/secundário , Biópsia de Linfonodo Sentinela/estatística & dados numéricos , Neoplasias Cutâneas/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Cutâneas/patologia , Alemanha/epidemiologia , Humanos , Metástase Linfática , Melanoma/epidemiologia , Prevalência , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
17.
Radiol Clin North Am ; 45(4): 719-33, vii-viii, 2007 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17706536

RESUMO

This article describes the impact of [(18)F]2-fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose (FDG) PET in the diagnosis of non-prosthesis-related orthopedic infections and inflammation. FDG-PET has an excellent sensitivity in the detection of osteomyelitis (OM). Early data indicate that FDG-PET may be more specific than MRI in diagnosing OM. The role of the combination of FDG and PET-CT in the diagnosis of OM is likely to be determined as this combination is used on a routine basis. Early data from studies in rheumatoid arthritis indicate that FDG-PET is highly accurate in early diagnosis and that it provides results comparable to the most advanced conventional techniques.


Assuntos
Fluordesoxiglucose F18 , Osteomielite/diagnóstico por imagem , Compostos Radiofarmacêuticos , Tomografia Computadorizada de Emissão , Animais , Fluordesoxiglucose F18/farmacocinética , Humanos , Compostos Radiofarmacêuticos/farmacocinética , Recidiva , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Distribuição Tecidual
18.
J Nucl Med ; 48(1): 35-45, 2007 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17204697

RESUMO

Fever of unknown origin (FUO) was originally defined as recurrent fever of 38.3 degrees C or higher, lasting 2-3 wk or longer, and undiagnosed after 1 wk of hospital evaluation. The last criterion has undergone modification and is now generally interpreted as no diagnosis after appropriate inpatient or outpatient evaluation. The 3 major categories that account for most FUOs are infections, malignancies, and noninfectious inflammatory diseases. The diagnostic approach in FUO includes repeated physical investigations and thorough history-taking combined with standardized laboratory tests and simple imaging procedures. Nevertheless, there is a need for more complex or invasive techniques if this strategy fails. This review describes the impact of (18)F-FDG PET in the diagnostic work-up of FUO. (18)F-FDG accumulates in malignant tissues but also at the sites of infection and inflammation and in autoimmune and granulomatous diseases by the overexpression of distinct facultative glucose transporter (GLUT) isotypes (mainly GLUT-1 and GLUT-3) and by an overproduction of glycolytic enzymes in cancer cells and inflammatory cells. The limited data of prospective studies indicate that (18)F-FDG PET has the potential to play a central role as a second-line procedure in the management of patients with FUO. In these studies, the PET scan contributed to the final diagnosis in 25%-69% of the patients. In the category of infectious diseases, a diagnosis of focal abdominal, thoracic, or soft-tissue infection, as well as chronic osteomyelitis, can be made with a high degree of certainty. Negative findings on (18)F-FDG PET essentially rule out orthopedic prosthetic infections. In patients with noninfectious inflammatory diseases, (18)F-FDG PET is of importance in the diagnosis of large-vessel vasculitis and seems to be useful in the visualization of other diseases, such as inflammatory bowel disease, sarcoidosis, and painless subacute thyroiditis. In patients with tumor fever, diseases commonly detected by (18)F-FDG PET include Hodgkin's disease and aggressive non-Hodgkin's lymphoma but also colorectal cancer and sarcoma. (18)F-FDG PET has the potential to replace other imaging techniques in the evaluation of patients with FUO. Compared with labeled white blood cells, (18)F-FDG PET allows diagnosis of a wider spectrum of diseases. Compared with (67)Ga-citrate scanning, (18)F-FDG PET seems to be more sensitive. It is expected that PET/CT technology will further improve the diagnostic impact of (18)F-FDG PET in the context of FUO, as already shown in the oncologic context, mainly by improving the specificity of the method.


Assuntos
Febre de Causa Desconhecida/diagnóstico por imagem , Febre de Causa Desconhecida/diagnóstico , Fluordesoxiglucose F18 , Inflamação/diagnóstico , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons/métodos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos , Idoso , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Ensaios Clínicos como Assunto , Glucose/metabolismo , Transportador de Glucose Tipo 1/metabolismo , Transportador de Glucose Tipo 2/metabolismo , Humanos , Insulina/metabolismo , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Temperatura Ambiente
19.
PET Clin ; 1(2): 107-21, 2006 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27157077

RESUMO

This article describes the impact of [(18)F]2-fluoro-2-deoxy-d-glucose (FDG) PET in the diagnosis of non-prosthesis-related orthopedic infections and inflammation. FDG-PET has an excellent sensitivity in the detection of osteomyelitis (OM). Early data indicate that FDG-PET may be more specific than MRI in diagnosing OM. The role of the combination of FDG and PET-CT in the diagnosis of OM is likely to be determined as this combination is used on a routine basis. Early data from studies in rheumatoid arthritis indicate that FDG-PET is highly accurate in early diagnosis and that it provides results comparable to the most advanced conventional techniques.

20.
J Dtsch Dermatol Ges ; 3(8): 615-22, 2005 Aug.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-16033480

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Compared with intraoperative sentinel lymph node identification using blue dye only, the introduction of a hand-held gamma probe has improved the identification rates. In this retrospective study, further aspects related to the introduction of gamma-guided preparation are analysed in detail. PATIENTS AND METHODS: 81 patients who underwent sentinel biopsy using the blue dye technique were compared to 247 patients whose operations were guided by blue dye and gamma probe. RESULTS: After the introduction of radio-guided surgery, the sentinel node identification rate increased from 87.7 % to 99.2 % (P < 0.00001). The number of harvested sentinel lymph nodes increased from 1.4 +/- 0.9 to 1.8 +/- 0.09 (P < 0.00001). The "clinical false-negative rate" decreased from 15.8 % to 9.6 %. The percentage of positive completion lymphadenectomy decreased from 50 % to 24.6 %. The risk of postoperative seroma decreased as a consequence of gamma guided preparation (5.1 % versus 15 %, P = 0.01). Regarding overall survival and recurrence-free survival, there were no significant differences between both groups. The 5-year-probability of nodal basin failure was 7.9 % after negative sentinel biopsy and 25.3 % after positive sentinel lymphonodectomy plus consecutive completion lymphadenectomy. CONCLUSIONS: Combined application of blue dye and gamma-probe improved sensitivity and decreased the risk of postoperative seroma. The probability of recurrence and survival was not influenced by the technique of intraoperative sentinel node identification.


Assuntos
Excisão de Linfonodo , Linfonodos/diagnóstico por imagem , Metástase Linfática/diagnóstico , Linfoma/patologia , Linfoma/cirurgia , Biópsia de Linfonodo Sentinela , Neoplasias Cutâneas/patologia , Neoplasias Cutâneas/cirurgia , Corantes , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Reações Falso-Negativas , Humanos , Metástase Linfática/diagnóstico por imagem , Linfoma/diagnóstico por imagem , Linfoma/mortalidade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Cintilografia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Biópsia de Linfonodo Sentinela/métodos , Neoplasias Cutâneas/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Cutâneas/mortalidade , Análise de Sobrevida , Fatores de Tempo
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