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2.
J Biophotonics ; : e202000207, 2020 Dec 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33314673

RESUMO

We investigated the utility of the fluorescent dye Deep Red Anthraquinone 5 (DRAQ5) for digital staining of optically sectioned skin in comparison to acridine orange (AO). Eight fresh-frozen thawed Mohs discard tissue specimens were stained with AO and DRAQ5, and imaged using an ex vivo confocal microscope at three wavelengths (488 nm and 638 nm for fluorescence, 785 nm for reflectance). Images were overlaid (AO + Reflectance, DRAQ5 + Reflectance), digitally stained, and evaluated by three investigators for perceived image quality (PIQ) and histopathological feature identification. In addition to nuclear staining, AO seemed to stain dermal fibers in a subset of cases in digitally stained images, while DRAQ5 staining was more specific to nuclei. Blinded evaluation showed substantial agreement, favoring DRAQ5 for PIQ (82%, Cl 75%-90%, Gwet's AC 0.74) and for visualization of histopathological features in (81%, Cl 73%-89%, Gwet's AC 0.67), supporting its use in digital staining of multimodal confocal micrographs of skin.

3.
J Cutan Pathol ; 2020 Sep 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32989842

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Accurate basal cell carcinoma (BCC) subtyping is requisite for appropriate management, but non-representative sampling occurs in 18% to 25% of biopsies. By enabling non-invasive diagnosis and more comprehensive sampling, integrated reflectance confocal microscopy-optical coherence tomography (RCM-OCT) may improve the accuracy of BCC subtyping and subsequent management. We evaluated RCM-OCT images and histopathology slides for the presence of two key features, angulation and small nests and cords, and calculated (a) sensitivity and specificity of these features, combined and individually, for identifying an infiltrative BCC subtype and (b) agreement across modalities. METHODS: Thirty-three RCM-OCT-imaged, histopathologically-proven BCCs (17 superficial and/or nodular; 16 containing an infiltrative component) were evaluated. RESULTS: The presence of angulation or small nests and cords was sufficient to identify infiltrative BCC on RCM-OCT with 100% sensitivity and 82% specificity, similar to histopathology (100% sensitivity, 88% specificity, kappa = 0.82). When both features were present, the sensitivity for identifying infiltrative BCC was 100% using either modality and specificity was 88% on RCM-OCT vs 94% on histopathology, indicating near-perfect agreement between non-invasive and invasive diagnostic modalities (kappa = 0.94). CONCLUSIONS: RCM-OCT can non-invasively identify key histopathologic features of infiltrative BCC offering a possible alternative to traditional invasive biopsy.

4.
J Cancer ; 11(20): 6019-6024, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32922542

RESUMO

The increasing rate of incidence and prevalence of basal cell carcinomas (BCCs) worldwide, combined with the morbidity associated with conventional surgical treatment has led to the development and use of alternative minimally invasive non-surgical treatments. Biopsy and pathology are used to guide BCC diagnosis and assess margins and subtypes, which then guide the decision and choice of surgical or non-surgical treatment. However, alternatively, a noninvasive optical approach based on combined reflectance confocal microscopy (RCM) and optical coherence tomography (OCT) imaging may be used. Optical imaging may be used to guide diagnosis and margin assessment at the bedside, and potentially facilitate non-surgical management, along with long-term monitoring of treatment response. Noninvasive imaging may also complement minimally invasive treatments and help further reduce morbidity. In this paper, we highlight the current state of an integrated RCM/OCT imaging approach for diagnosis and triage of BCCs, as well as for assessing margins, which therefore may be ultimately used for guiding therapy.

5.
Arch Dermatol Res ; 2020 Aug 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32844312

RESUMO

Dermoscopy and reflectance confocal microscopy (RCM) are two noninvasive, optical imaging tools used to facilitate clinical diagnosis. A biopsy technique that produces exact correlation with optical imaging features is not previously reported. To evaluate the applications of a novel feature-focused 'precision biopsy' technique that correlates clinical-dermoscopy-RCM findings with histopathology. This was a prospective case-series performed during August 2017 and June 2019 at a tertiary care cancer. We included consecutive patients requiring a precise dermoscopy-RCM-histopathologic correlation. We performed prebiopsy dermoscopy and both wide probe and handheld RCM of suspicious lesions. Features of interest were isolated with the aid of paper rings and a 2 mm punch biopsy was performed in the dermoscopy- or RCM-highlighted area. Tissue was processed either en face or with vertical sections. One-to-one correlation with histopathology was obtained. Twenty-three patients with 24 lesions were included in the study. The mean age was 64.6 years (range 22-91 years); there were 16 (69.6%) males, 14 (58.3%) lesions biopsied were on head and neck region. We achieved tissue-conservation diagnosis in 100% (24/24), 13 (54.2%) were clinically equivocal lesions, six (25%) were selected for 'feature correlation' of structures on dermoscopy or RCM, and five (20.8%) for 'correlation of new/unknown' RCM features seen on follow-up. The precision biopsy technique described herein is a novel method that facilitates direct histopathological correlation of dermoscopy and RCM features. With the aids of optical imaging devices, accurate diagnosis may be achieved by minimally invasive tissue extraction.

6.
JAMA Dermatol ; 156(8): 882-890, 2020 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32459294

RESUMO

Importance: Basal cell carcinoma (BCC) is the most common skin cancer. Dermoscopic imaging has improved diagnostic accuracy; however, diagnosis of nonpigmented BCC remains limited to arborizing vessels, ulceration, and shiny white structures. Objective: To assess multiple aggregated yellow-white (MAY) globules as a diagnostic feature for BCC. Design, Setting, and Participants: In this retrospective, single-center, case-control study, nonpigmented skin tumors, determined clinically, were identified from a database of lesions consecutively biopsied during a 7-year period (January 1, 2009, to December 31, 2015). A subset of tumors was prospectively diagnosed, and reflectance confocal microscopy, optical coherence tomography, and histopathologic correlation were performed. Data analysis was conducted from July 1 to September 31, 2019. Exposures: Investigators evaluated for the presence or absence of known dermoscopic criteria. MAY globules were defined as aggregated, white-yellow structures visualized in polarized and nonpolarized light. Main Outcomes and Measures: The primary outcome was the diagnostic accuracy of MAY globules for the diagnosis of BCC. Secondary objectives included the association with BCC location and subtype. Interrater agreement was estimated. Results: A total of 656 nonpigmented lesions from 643 patients (mean [SD] age, 63.1 [14.9] years; 381 [58.1%] male) were included. In all, 194 lesions (29.6%) were located on the head and neck. A total of 291 (44.4%) were BCCs. MAY globules were seen in 61 of 291 BCC cases (21.0%) and in 3 of 365 other diagnoses (0.8%) (P < .001). The odds ratio for diagnosis of BCC was 32.0 (96% CI, 9.9-103.2). The presence of MAY globules was associated with a diagnosis of histologic high-risk BCC (odds ratio, 6.5; 95% CI, 3.1-14.3). The structure was never seen in cases of superficial BCCs. Conclusions and Relevance: The findings suggest that MAY globules may have utility as a new BCC dermoscopic criterion with a high specificity. MAY globules were negatively associated with superficial BCC and positively associated with deeper-seated, histologic, higher-grade tumor subtypes.

7.
Arch Dermatol Res ; 2020 Feb 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32020324

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Recently, a combined reflectance confocal microscopy (RCM)-optical coherence tomography (OCT) has been tested for the diagnosis of basal cell carcinoma (BCC). Evaluating the role of RCM-OCT in management of complex BCCs has not been studied. The objective of the study was to investigate the utility of a new combined RCM-OCT device in the evaluation and management of complex BCCs in a descriptive study. METHODS: Prospective study of consecutive cases (July 2018-June 2019) of biopsy-proven 'complex' BCC defined as BCC in the head-and-neck area with multiple high-risk criteria such as large size in the mask area, multiple recurrences, and high-risk subtype. All cases were evaluated with a combined RCM-OCT device that provided simultaneous image viewing on a screen. Lesions were evaluated bedside with RCM-OCT according to previously described criteria. RESULTS: Ten patients with complex head-and-neck BCCs had mean age of 73.1 ± 13.0 years. Six (60%) patients were males. Mean BCC clinical size was 1.9 ± 1.2 cm (range 0.6-4.0 cm). RCM detected residual BCC in 8 out of 10 cases (80%) and OCT detected residual BCC in all 10 cases (100%). Six BCCs (60%) had a depth estimate of > 1000 µm under OCT. In five cases, (50%) RCM-OCT imaging results led to a change/modification in BCC management. CONCLUSION: The use of a combined RCM-OCT device may help in the evaluation of complex head-and-neck BCCs by guiding treatment selection and defining the extent of surgery.

9.
J Am Acad Dermatol ; 82(4): 962-968, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31634517

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Initial biopsy of basal cell carcinoma (BCC) may fail to show aggressive histologic subtypes. Additionality, the clinical evaluation of BCC before surgery can miss subclinical extension. Reflectance confocal microscopy (RCM) and optical coherence tomography (OCT) are emerging tools that can help in the presurgical evaluation of BCCs. OBJECTIVE: To assess the feasibility of a combined RCM-OCT imaging modality for presurgical evaluation of biopsy-proven BCCs for residual tumor, margin status, and depth. METHODS: Thirty-eight BCCs in 35 patients referred to a tertiary cancer center for Mohs micrographic surgery (MMS) were imaged with combined RCM-OCT. Images were correlated to MMS frozen sections. RESULTS: Thirty-eight BCCs were analyzed. The mean age of patients was 67.34 years (range, 36-84 years), and 20 patients were female (57.14%). Twenty four BCCs were located on the head (63.16%) , and the mean size was 8.58 mm (range, 3-30 mm). RCM-OCT showed an overall agreement of 91.1% with MMS frozen sections. A sensitivity of 82.6% (95% confidence interval [CI], 69%-92%), specificity of 93.8% (95% CI, 88%-97%), and receiver operating characteristic curve of 0.88 (95% CI, 0.82-0.94) was found. OCT depth was highly correlated with MMS depth (r2 = 0.9). LIMITATIONS: Small sample size and difficulty evaluating certain challenging anatomic sites. CONCLUSIONS: Combined RCM-OCT may emerge as a useful tool for presurgical evaluation of BCCs.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Basocelular/diagnóstico , Cuidados Pré-Operatórios/métodos , Neoplasias Cutâneas/diagnóstico , Pele/diagnóstico por imagem , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Biópsia , Carcinoma Basocelular/patologia , Carcinoma Basocelular/cirurgia , Estudos de Viabilidade , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Margens de Excisão , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Cirurgia de Mohs , Imagem Multimodal/métodos , Neoplasia Residual , Estudos Prospectivos , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Pele/patologia , Neoplasias Cutâneas/patologia , Neoplasias Cutâneas/cirurgia , Tomografia de Coerência Óptica
10.
J Am Acad Dermatol ; 81(4): 984-988, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31202871

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Basal cell carcinoma (BCC) treatment modalities can be stratified by tumor subtype and recurrence risk. The main limitation of nonsurgical treatment modalities is the lack of histopathologic confirmation. Reflectance confocal microscopy (RCM) is a noninvasive imaging device that provides quasihistologic images. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the feasibility and efficacy of RCM-guided carbon dioxide (CO2) laser ablation of low-risk BCCs. METHODS: Prospective study with biopsy specimen-proven low-risk BCCs imaged with RCM. RCM was performed on these sites before and after ablation. If residual tumor was found, a new series of laser passes were performed. The patients were then monitored for recurrence clinically and with RCM. RESULTS: Twenty-two tumor sites in 9 patients (5 men, 4 women) were imaged and treated. Median age was 59 ± 12.9 years (range, 30-74 years). Mean tumor size was 7.7 mm (range, 5-10 mm). Residual tumor was identified in 5 of 22 cases (22.7%) under RCM on immediate first-pass postablation sites, prompting additional laser passes. Median follow-up was 28.5 months (range, 22-32 months) with no recurrences found. CONCLUSIONS: Addition of RCM to laser ablation workflow can detect subclinical persistent tumor after initial ablation and may serve as an aid to increase the efficacy of laser ablation.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Basocelular/cirurgia , Terapia a Laser/métodos , Lasers de Gás/uso terapêutico , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Cutâneas/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Biópsia , Carcinoma Basocelular/diagnóstico por imagem , Carcinoma Basocelular/patologia , Estudos de Viabilidade , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Terapia a Laser/instrumentação , Masculino , Microscopia Confocal , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/prevenção & controle , Neoplasia Residual , Estudos Prospectivos , Medição de Risco , Pele/diagnóstico por imagem , Pele/patologia , Pele/efeitos da radiação , Neoplasias Cutâneas/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Cutâneas/patologia , Resultado do Tratamento
11.
Anal Chem ; 91(11): 7054-7062, 2019 06 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31033270

RESUMO

Malaria and dengue have overlapping clinical symptoms and are prevalent in the same geographic region (tropical and subtropical), hence precise diagnosis is challenging. The high mortality rate associated with both malaria and dengue could be attributed to "false", "delayed", or "missed" diagnosis. The present study thus aims to stratify malaria and dengue using Raman spectroscopy (RS). In total, 130 human sera were analyzed for model development and double-blinded testing. Principal components linear discriminant analysis (PC-LDA) of acquired RS-spectra could classify malaria and dengue with a minor overlap of 16.7%. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis of test samples showed sensitivity/specificity of 0.9529 for malaria vs healthy controls (HC) and 0.9584 for dengue vs HC. The Raman findings were complemented by mass spectroscopy (MS)-based metabolite analysis of 8 individuals, each from malaria, dengue, and HC. Several of the metabolites, including amino acids, cell-free DNA, creatinine, and bilirubin, assigned for the predominant RS-bands were also identified by MS and showed similar trends. Our data clearly indicates that RS-based serum analysis using a microprobe has immense potential for early, accurate, and automated detection and discrimination of malaria and dengue, and in the future, it could be extrapolated in field-settings combined with hand-held RS. Further, this approach might be extended to diagnose other closely related infections with similar clinical manifestations.


Assuntos
Dengue/diagnóstico , Malária/diagnóstico , Análise Espectral Raman/métodos , Adolescente , Adulto , Aminoácidos/sangue , Dengue/sangue , Feminino , Humanos , Malária/sangue , Masculino , Metabolômica/métodos , Análise de Componente Principal , Curva ROC , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Adulto Jovem
12.
J Biophotonics ; 12(8): e201800334, 2019 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30719849

RESUMO

Oral cancer is associated with high rates of recurrence, attributable to field cancerization. Early detection of advanced field changes that can potentially progress to carcinoma can facilitate timely intervention and can lead to improved prognosis. Previous in vivo studies have successfully detected advanced field effects in oral cancers. Raman exfoliative cytology has previously shown to differentiate normal, oral pre-cancer and cancers. The present study explores Raman-exfoliative-cytology-based detection of field effects. Exfoliated cells were collected from tumor (n = 16) and contralateral-normal appearing mucosa (n = 16) of oral cancer patients, and healthy tobacco habitués (n = 20). After spectral acquisition, specimens were Pap-stained for cytological evaluation. Data analysis, by Principal Component Analysis and Principal Component-Linear Discriminant Analysis, indicate several spectral-misclassifications between contralateral normal and tumor, which were investigated and correlated with spectral, cytological and clinical outcomes. A qualitative analysis by grouping patients with number of misclassifications with tumor (Group 1: 0, Group 2: 1 and Group 3: >1) was explored. Group 3 with highest misclassifications showed spectral and cytological similarity to tumor group - one patient was a case of early inoperable residual disease, despite clear margins on histopathology. Thus, these misclassifications could be indicative of cancer field changes, and can prospectively help to identify patients susceptible to recurrences .


Assuntos
Técnicas Citológicas/métodos , Neoplasias Bucais/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Bucais/patologia , Análise Espectral Raman , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Humanos , Prognóstico
13.
JAMA Dermatol ; 154(10): 1175-1183, 2018 10 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30140851

RESUMO

Importance: The limited tissue sampling of a biopsy can lead to an incomplete assessment of basal cell carcinoma (BCC) subtypes and depth. Reflectance confocal microscopy (RCM) combined with optical coherence tomography (OCT) imaging may enable real-time, noninvasive, comprehensive three-dimensional sampling in vivo, which may improve the diagnostic accuracy and margin assessment of BCCs. Objective: To determine the accuracy of a combined RCM-OCT device for BCC detection and deep margin assessment. Design, Setting, and Participants: This pilot study was carried out on 85 lesions from 55 patients referred for physician consultation or Mohs surgery at Memorial Sloan Kettering Skin Cancer Center in Hauppauge, New York. These patients were prospectively and consecutively enrolled in the study between January 1, 2017, and December 31, 2017. Patients underwent imaging, with the combined RCM-OCT probe, for previously biopsied, histopathologically confirmed BCCs and lesions clinically or dermoscopically suggestive of BCC. Only patients with available histopathologic examination after imaging were included. Main Outcomes and Measures: Improvements in sensitivity, specificity, and diagnostic accuracy for BCC using the combined RCM-OCT probe as well as the correlation between OCT-estimated depth and histopathologically measured depth were investigated. Results: In total, 85 lesions from 55 patients (27 [49%] were female and 28 [51%] were male with a median [range] age of 59 [21-90] years) were imaged. Imaging was performed on 25 previously biopsied and histopathologically confirmed BCCs and 60 previously nonbiopsied but clinically or dermoscopically suspicious lesions. Normal skin and BCC features were correlated and validated with histopathologic examination. In previously biopsied lesions, residual tumors were detected in 12 of 25 (48%) lesions with 100% sensitivity (95% CI, 73.5%-100%) and 23.1% specificity (95% CI, 5.0%-53.8%) for combined RCM-OCT probe. In previously nonbiopsied and suspicious lesions, BCCs were diagnosed in 48 of 60 (80%) lesions with 100% sensitivity (95% CI, 92.6%-100%) and 75% specificity (95% CI, 42.8%-94.5%). Correlation was observed between depth estimated with OCT and depth measured with histopathologic examination: the coefficient of determination (R2) was 0.75 (R = 0.86; P < .001) for all lesions, 0.73 (R = 0.85; P < .001) for lesions less than 500 µm deep, and 0.65 (R = 0.43; P < .001) for lesions greater than 500 µm deep. Conclusions and Relevance: Combined RCM-OCT imaging may be prospectively used to comprehensively diagnose lesions suggestive of BCC and triage for treatment. Further validation of this device must be performed on a larger cohort.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Basocelular/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Cutâneas/diagnóstico por imagem , Tomografia de Coerência Óptica , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Biópsia , Carcinoma Basocelular/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Microscopia Confocal , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Imagem Multimodal , Projetos Piloto , Estudos Prospectivos , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Pele/patologia , Neoplasias Cutâneas/patologia , Adulto Jovem
14.
Analyst ; 143(8): 1916-1923, 2018 Apr 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29620771

RESUMO

Meningiomas represent one of the most frequently reported non-glial, primary brain and central nervous system (CNS) tumors. Meningiomas often display a spectrum of anomalous locations and morphological attributes, deterring their timely diagnosis. Majority of them are sporadic in nature and thus the present-day screening strategies, including radiological investigations, often result in misdiagnosis due to their aberrant and equivocal radiological facets. Therefore, it is pertinent to explore less invasive and patient-friendly biofluids such as serum for their screening and diagnostics. The utility of serum Raman spectroscopy in diagnosis and therapeutic monitoring of cancers has been reported in the literature. In the present study, for the first time, to the best of our knowledge, we have explored Raman spectroscopy to classify the sera of meningioma and control subjects. For this exploration, 35 samples each of meningioma and control subjects were accrued and the spectra revealed variance in the levels of DNA, proteins, lipids, amino acids and ß-carotene, i.e., a relatively higher protein, DNA and lipid content in meningioma. Subsequent Principal Component Analysis (PCA) and Principal Component-Linear Discriminant Analysis (PC-LDA) followed by Leave-One-Out Cross-Validation (LOOCV) and limited independent test data, in a patient-wise approach, yielded a classification efficiency of 92% and 80% for healthy and meningioma, respectively. Additionally, in the analogous analysis between healthy and different grades of meningioma, similar results were obtained. These results indicate the potential of Raman spectroscopy in differentiating meningioma. As present methods suffer from known limitations, with the prospective validation on a larger cohort, serum Raman spectroscopy could be an adjuvant/alternative approach in the clinical management of meningioma.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Meníngeas/diagnóstico , Meningioma/diagnóstico , Análise Espectral Raman , Análise Discriminante , Humanos , Neoplasias Meníngeas/sangue , Meningioma/sangue , Análise de Componente Principal
15.
J Cancer Res Ther ; 13(6): 908-915, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29237951

RESUMO

Raman spectroscopy (RS) is a sensitive vibrational spectroscopic method that can detect even subtle biochemical changes during the onset of disease. Consequently, RS has been extensively investigated for disease diagnosis, including cancers. Oral cancers are known to suffer from dismal survival rates, which have not improved for several decades. As delayed diagnosis contributes to the low disease-free survival rate observed in oral cancers, RS has also been explored for the early diagnosis of oral cancers. This review summarizes the major developments in the field, including diagnosis, surgical margin assessment and prediction of treatment response, and in the overall management of oral cancers. The article comprises an overview of epidemiology, diagnosis, treatment, and recently introduced diagnostic adjuncts for oral cancers, the basic principle, instrumentation of RS, multivariate analysis that impart objectivity to the approach, and finally a discussion on the recent applications in oral cancers. PubMed and Google Scholar database have been used to compile information available online till December 2015.


Assuntos
Detecção Precoce de Câncer , Neoplasias Bucais/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Bucais/diagnóstico , Análise Espectral Raman/métodos , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Humanos , Neoplasias Bucais/patologia , Neoplasias Bucais/cirurgia
16.
J Biomed Opt ; 22(11): 1-12, 2017 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29139244

RESUMO

Oral premalignant lesions (OPLs) such as leukoplakia, erythroplakia, and oral submucous fibrosis, often precede oral cancer. Screening and management of these premalignant conditions can improve prognosis. Raman spectroscopy has previously demonstrated potential in the diagnosis of oral premalignant conditions (in vivo), detected viral infection, and identified cancer in both oral and cervical exfoliated cells (ex vivo). The potential of Raman exfoliative cytology (REC) in identifying premalignant conditions was investigated. Oral exfoliated samples were collected from healthy volunteers (n=20), healthy volunteers with tobacco habits (n=20), and oral premalignant conditions (n=27, OPL) using Cytobrush. Spectra were acquired using Raman microprobe. Spectral acquisition parameters were: λex: 785 nm, laser power: 40 mW, acquisition time: 15 s, and average: 3. Postspectral acquisition, cell pellet was subjected to Pap staining. Multivariate analysis was carried out using principal component analysis and principal component-linear discriminant analysis using both spectra- and patient-wise approaches in three- and two-group models. OPLs could be identified with ∼77% (spectra-wise) and ∼70% (patient-wise) sensitivity in the three-group model while with 86% (spectra-wise) and 83% (patient-wise) in the two-group model. Use of histopathologically confirmed premalignant cases and better sampling devices may help in development of improved standard models and also enhance the sensitivity of the method. Future longitudinal studies can help validate potential of REC in screening and monitoring high-risk populations and prognosis prediction of premalignant lesions.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Bucais/diagnóstico por imagem , Lesões Pré-Cancerosas/diagnóstico por imagem , Análise Discriminante , Humanos , Análise de Componente Principal , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Análise Espectral Raman
17.
J Biomed Opt ; 22(7): 76006, 2017 07 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28697233

RESUMO

We present a hand-held implementation and preliminary evaluation of a combined optical coherence tomography (OCT) and reflectance confocal microscopy (RCM) probe for detecting and delineating the margins of basal cell carcinomas (BCCs) in human skin

Assuntos
Carcinoma Basocelular/diagnóstico por imagem , Microscopia Confocal , Tomografia de Coerência Óptica , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Projetos Piloto
18.
Head Neck ; 39(11): 2216-2223, 2017 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28736959

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Higher rates of local recurrences and second primaries, ascribable to field cancerization, are known problem in oral cancers. The present study explored utility of identification of potential recurrences by Raman spectroscopy, which has been shown to identify oral precancers, cancers, and field cancerization in humans and micro-sized mechanical irritation-induced tumors in animals. METHODS: Raman spectra were acquired from tumor and contralateral normal mucosa in 99 patients with oral cancer who were then followed up for appearance of clinically apparent cancerous lesions. Misclassifications observed in subsequent multivariate statistical analysis between contralateral normal and tumor spectra were correlated with appearance of new malignant lesions. RESULTS: The patients with mismatched spectra had 1.5 times higher chances of developing local recurrence. The sensitivity of Raman spectroscopy in predicting the recurrences was 80% and the specificity was 29.7%. CONCLUSION: Findings provide proof-of-concept for Raman spectroscopy-based identification of sites that have higher propensity to progress to carcinomas before becoming clinically apparent. Prospective validation of Raman spectroscopy by including additional oral cavity subsites and use of multifiber bundles may improve rate of identification of recurrence-prone subjects.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Bucais/diagnóstico , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/diagnóstico , Segunda Neoplasia Primária/diagnóstico , Análise Espectral Raman , Detecção Precoce de Câncer , Humanos , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Análise de Componente Principal , Estudos Prospectivos , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
20.
Sci Rep ; 6: 26538, 2016 05 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27221528

RESUMO

An inability to discern resistant cells from bulk tumour cell population contributes to poor prognosis in Glioblastoma. Here, we compared parent and recurrent cells generated from patient derived primary cultures and cell lines to identify their unique molecular hallmarks. Although morphologically similar, parent and recurrent cells from different samples showed variable biological properties like proliferation and radiation resistance. However, total RNA-sequencing revealed transcriptional landscape unique to parent and recurrent populations. These data suggest that global molecular differences but not individual biological phenotype could differentiate parent and recurrent cells. We demonstrate that Raman Spectroscopy a label-free, non-invasive technique, yields global information about biochemical milieu of recurrent and parent cells thus, classifying them into distinct clusters based on Principal-Component-Analysis and Principal-Component-Linear-Discriminant-Analysis. Additionally, higher lipid related spectral peaks were observed in recurrent population. Importantly, Raman spectroscopic analysis could further classify an independent set of naïve primary glioblastoma tumour tissues into non-responder and responder groups. Interestingly, spectral features from the non-responder patient samples show a considerable overlap with the in-vitro generated recurrent cells suggesting their similar biological behaviour. This feasibility study necessitates analysis of a larger cohort of naïve primary glioblastoma samples to fully envisage clinical utility of Raman spectroscopy in predicting therapeutic response.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Neoplasias Encefálicas/metabolismo , Glioblastoma/metabolismo , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Neoplasias Encefálicas/genética , Neoplasias Encefálicas/patologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Glioblastoma/genética , Glioblastoma/patologia , Humanos
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