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1.
Emergencias (Sant Vicenç dels Horts) ; 32(1): 26-32, feb. 2020. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS-Express | ID: ibc-ET2-3433

RESUMO

Objetivo: Investigar si existen diferencias clínicas y toxicológicas en pacientes intoxicados por anfetamina (ANF) y metanfetamina (MANF) atendidos en servicios de urgencias. Método: Estudio observacional retrospectivo de intoxicaciones por ANF y MANF con confirmación analítica en Baleares (2013-2018). Se compararon variables clínicas, toxicológicas y de manejo clínico entre grupos. Resultados: 1) Se incluyeron 120 pacientes, 86 (71,7%) grupo ANF y 34 (28,3%) grupo MANF. 2) La confirmación de derivados anfetamínicos se realizó por cromatografía de gases-espectrometría de masas en 787 muestras de orina previamente positivas mediante un método de cribado cualitativo. Se confirmaron 154 (19,6%) muestras. De ellas, 34 fueron excluidas. 3) Se encontraron diferencias significativas entre ANF y MANF en: edad (32,3 vs 28,4 años); sexo (72,1 vs 94,1% hombres); nacionalidad española (64,0 vs 29,4%); en motivos de admisión: alteración de conducta (15,1 vs 0%) y palpitaciones (1,2 vs 20,6%); y en características clínicas: agitación (27,9 vs 8,8%). No hubo diferencias de manejo clínico. El 76,6% de casos fueron polintoxicaciones, más comunes en ANF (82,6 vs 61,8%). En estos casos se detectó principalmente cocaína (63,0%), cannabis (48,9%), MDMA (38,0%) y alcohol (35,9%). La mayor asociación del cannabis con el grupo de ANF fue estadísticamente significativa (45,3 vs 17,6%). La causa de los falsos positivos se identificó en el 78,7% de muestras, siendo el MDMA (71,2%) la principal. Conclusiones: Se observaron diferencias entre ANF y MANF en cuanto a variables demográficas y motivo de asistencia; no obstante en esta serie hubo un alto porcentaje de polintoxicaciones


Objective: To determine whether clinical and toxicologic findings differed between cases of amphetamine (AMP) and methamphetamine (mAMP) poisoning attended in 2 Balearic Island hospital emergency departments. Methods: Retrospective observational study of AMP and mAMP cases with laboratory confirmation between 2013 and 2018. We compared clinical and toxicologic variables as well as clinical management between groups. Results: 1) A total of 120 cases were found: 86 (71.7%) with AMP poisoning and 34 (28.3%) with mAMP poisoning. 2) Drug poisoning was confirmed by gas chromatography associated with mass spectrometry (GC–MS) in 787 urine samples found to be positive during screening. One hundred fifty-four (19.6%) were confirmed by GC–MS. Thirtyfour of them did not meet the inclusion criteria. 3) Significant differences between AMP and mAMP cases were found for age (32.3 vs 28.4 y, respectively); sex (72.1% vs 94.1% men); and Spanish nationality (64.0% vs 29.4%). Reasons for admission and clinical features also differed: the reasons were aberrant behavior (15.1% in the AMP group vs 0% in the mAMP group) and palpitations (1.2% vs 20.6%); agitation was observed in 27.9% and 8.8%, respectively. Clinical management was similar in the 2 groups. Multiple drug poisoning was detected in 76.6% patients and was more common in patients in the AMP group (82.6% vs 61.8%). The additional drugs in these cases were mainly cocaine (63.0%), cannabis (48.9%), 3,4-methylenedioxy-N-methamphetamine (MDMA) (38.0%), and alcohol (35.9%). Cannabis was detected in a significantly higher proportion in the AMP group (45.3%) than in the mAMP group (17.6%). False positives were found in 78.7% of the samples. The culprit drug was most often MDMA (71.2%). Conclusions: AMP poisonings were associated with age over 30 years, Spanish nationality, aberrant behavior, agitation, multiple drug findings, and the use of cannabis. Poisonings caused by mAMP abuse were associated with age under 30 years, non-Spanish nationality, palpitations, and single-drug use

2.
Emergencias ; 32(1): 26-32, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Espanhol, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31909909

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To determine whether clinical and toxicologic findings differed between cases of amphetamine (AMP) and methamphetamine (mAMP) poisoning attended in 2 Balearic Island hospital emergency departments. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Retrospective observational study of AMP and mAMP cases with laboratory confirmation between 2013 and 2018. We compared clinical and toxicologic variables as well as clinical management between groups. RESULTS: 1) A total of 120 cases were found: 86 (71.7%) with AMP poisoning and 34 (28.3%) with mAMP poisoning. 2) Drug poisoning was confirmed by gas chromatography associated with mass spectrometry (GC-MS) in 787 urine samples found to be positive during screening. One hundred fifty-four (19.6%) were confirmed by GC-MS. Thirtyfour of them did not meet the inclusion criteria. 3) Significant differences between AMP and mAMP cases were found for age (32.3 vs 28.4 y, respectively); sex (72.1% vs 94.1% men); and Spanish nationality (64.0% vs 29.4%). Reasons for admission and clinical features also differed: the reasons were aberrant behavior (15.1% in the AMP group vs 0% in the mAMP group) and palpitations (1.2% vs 20.6%); agitation was observed in 27.9% and 8.8%, respectively. Clinical management was similar in the 2 groups. Multiple drug poisoning was detected in 76.6% patients and was more common in patients in the AMP group (82.6% vs 61.8%). The additional drugs in these cases were mainly cocaine (63.0%), cannabis (48.9%), 3,4-methylenedioxy-N-methamphetamine (MDMA) (38.0%), and alcohol (35.9%). Cannabis was detected in a significantly higher proportion in the AMP group (45.3%) than in the mAMP group (17.6%). False positives were found in 78.7% of the samples. The culprit drug was most often MDMA (71.2%). CONCLUSION: AMP poisonings were associated with age over 30 years, Spanish nationality, aberrant behavior, agitation, multiple drug findings, and the use of cannabis. Poisonings caused by mAMP abuse were associated with age under 30 years, non-Spanish nationality, palpitations, and single-drug use.

3.
Rev. lab. clín ; 11(4): 209-216, oct.-dic. 2018. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-176919

RESUMO

Los laboratorios clínicos son frecuentemente requeridos para la identificación de líquidos corporales de los que se desconoce su origen. La información bibliográfica con respecto a la identificación de líquidos biológicos de procedencia incierta es escasa. El objetivo de este documento es actualizar los conocimientos sobre aquellos constituyentes útiles como marcadores para la identificación y diferenciación de estos líquidos. Se abordan aspectos como la identificación de una punción lumbar traumática o de líquido cefalorraquídeo en fístulas, la identificación de un derrame quiloso o pseudoquiloso, de secreción biliar, pancreática, gastroesofágica o de orina en las cavidades serosas así como del líquido amniótico


Clinical laboratories are regularly requested to analyze unusual body fluids of unknown origin. There is little in the literature about the identification of body fluids of uncertain origin. The purpose of this document is to perform an updated review on those constituents that may be useful as markers for identifying and diferentiating these unusual fluids. A review is presented on aspects such as the identification of a traumatic lumbar puncture or a cerebrospinal fluid leakage, the identification of a chylous or pseudochylous effusion, leakage of bile, pancreatic fluid, gastroesophageal fluid, or urine, in the serous cavities, as well as the amniotic fluid


Assuntos
Humanos , Secreções Corporais/química , Testes de Química Clínica/métodos , Técnicas de Laboratório Clínico/métodos , Líquido Cefalorraquidiano/química , Líquido Ascítico/química , Bile/química , Líquido Amniótico/química , Relatório de Pesquisa
4.
Gynecol Obstet Invest ; 70(2): 113-9, 2010.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20332645

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Human papillomavirus (HPV) genotyping is usually performed on cytological specimens with the aim of discerning between high- and low-risk genotypes. METHODS: Paraffin-embedded sections (n = 241) comprising 16 normal/benign (N/B) cervical sections, 72 low-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions (LSIL), 133 high-grade SIL (HSIL), 6 invasive carcinomas (cervical cancer), and 14 atypical immature metaplasias (AIMs) were DNA extracted and HPV genotyped. RESULTS: The most frequent HPV genotypes found were 16 and 58. HPV16 was detected in 0% N/B, 18.1% LSIL, 42.9% HSIL (p < 0.001), 50% carcinoma, and 35.7% AIM, whilst HPV58 was detected in 25.0, 20.8, 16.5, 0 and 35.7% of these lesions, respectively. DISCUSSION: The high prevalence of HPV58 and the low prevalence of HPV18 suggest the limited effectiveness of HPV vaccination in southeast Spain (prevention of 45.1% HSILs). The HPV genotype distribution profile in AIM suggests that these lesions are more similar to LSIL than HSIL pointing to a low risk of progression to cervical cancer. These results reinforce the necessity of assessing the specific genotype rather than distinguishing between high- or low-risk HPV. The use of histological section instead of cytological specimens for specific HPV genotyping would be very useful in order to ascertain the oncogenic potential of each of the genotypes found in a given area.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/virologia , Papillomavirus Humano 16/genética , Papillomavirus Humano 18/genética , Infecções por Papillomavirus/virologia , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/virologia , Adulto , Idoso , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/epidemiologia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/patologia , Feminino , Variação Genética , Genótipo , Papillomavirus Humano 16/isolamento & purificação , Papillomavirus Humano 18/isolamento & purificação , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infecções por Papillomavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Papillomavirus/patologia , Vacinas contra Papillomavirus , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco , Espanha/epidemiologia , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/epidemiologia , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/patologia , Adulto Jovem
5.
Am J Clin Pathol ; 132(3): 378-90, 2009 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19687314

RESUMO

In-depth study of cell cycle proteins and human papillomavirus (HPV) genotyping can provide useful information about the malignant potential of precursor lesions of cervical carcinoma (CC). Immunostaining of cell cycle-related proteins (p16, cyclin D1, Ki-67, p53, and ProEx C) was evaluated using tissue microarrays, and HPV genotypes were identified in 144 cervical tissue specimens encompassing normal or benign epithelial lesions, low- and high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions (LSIL and HSIL, respectively), and CC. In addition, 14 cases with atypical immature metaplasia (AIM) were included to compare their immunohistochemical features with those of well-established precursor lesions. Expression of p16, Ki-67, and ProEx C was most associated with the severity of dysplasia. Positive expression of p16, Ki-67, and ProEx C and negative expression of p53 seem to be related to HPV-16 infection. AIM cases show an immunohistochemical pattern more similar to LSIL than to HSIL. Immunohistochemical assessment of cell cycle proteins may help to distinguish normal and benign conditions of the cervix from precursor lesions of CC.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/análise , Ciclo Celular/fisiologia , Infecções por Papillomavirus/metabolismo , Lesões Pré-Cancerosas/virologia , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/virologia , Antígenos de Neoplasias/biossíntese , Proteínas de Ciclo Celular/biossíntese , Ciclina D1/biossíntese , Inibidor p16 de Quinase Dependente de Ciclina , DNA Topoisomerases Tipo II/biossíntese , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/biossíntese , Feminino , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Antígeno Ki-67/biossíntese , Componente 2 do Complexo de Manutenção de Minicromossomo , Proteínas de Neoplasias/biossíntese , Proteínas Nucleares/biossíntese , Infecções por Papillomavirus/complicações , Lesões Pré-Cancerosas/metabolismo , Lesões Pré-Cancerosas/patologia , Análise Serial de Tecidos , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/biossíntese , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/metabolismo , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/patologia
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