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1.
J Crit Care ; 56: 208-214, 2020 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31952015

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This study aimed to assess patient safety culture (PSC) in intensive care units (ICUs) and to determine the factors affecting it. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study, conducted from October to November 2017 among professionals practicing in the ICUs of the Tunisian center. After obtaining institutional ethics committee's approval and administrative authorizations, an anonymous paper-based questionnaire was distributed to the participants after obtaining their consent to take part in the study. The measuring instrument used is the French validated version of the "Hospital Survey on Patient Safety Culture" questionnaire. RESULTS: A total of 402 professionals, from 18 ICUs and 10 hospitals, participated in the study with a participation rate of 82.37%. All dimensions were to be improved. The most developed dimension was teamwork within the unit (47.87%) and the least developed dimension was the non-punitive response to error (18.6%). Seven dimensions were significantly more developed in private institutions than in public ones. Results also show that when workload is reduced, the PSC was significantly increased. CONCLUSION: This study has shown that the PSC in ICUs needs improvement and provided a baseline results to get a clearer vision of the aspects of security that require special attention.


Assuntos
Cuidados Críticos/organização & administração , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva , Cultura Organizacional , Segurança do Paciente , Gestão da Segurança/organização & administração , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Hospitais , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Determinação de Necessidades de Cuidados de Saúde , Qualidade da Assistência à Saúde , Inquéritos e Questionários , Tunísia , Carga de Trabalho , Adulto Jovem
2.
Tunis Med ; 96(5): 287-292, 2018 05.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30430502

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Phlebotomy is taking a venous blood sample for a medical biology analysis .If the taking of a sample is poorly executed, the results for this sample may be inaccurate and mislead the clinician, or the inconvenience of the patient having to undergo a new levy. The three main problems associated with errors in the collection are: hemolysis, contamination and mislabelling. We conduct clinical audit to evaluate compliance of activities in relation to the recommendations. Our objective was to determine the compliance rate of the different steps of the phlebotomy procedure and propose corrective actions. METHODS: it is an observational study which follows a forward-looking approach based on direct observation of blood collection procedures in 2015. RESULTS: 330 acts of phlebotomy were audited in 11 services. The overall compliance rate phlebotomy was 57.7%. The overall compliance rate ''patient prescribing and preparation "was 94.4%; "equipment preparation" was 85.3%. There was a lack of tourniquets, holders and hydro-alcoholic solutions. The overall compliance rate "collection procedure" was 45.1%, the overall compliance rate for hand hygiene is low (28%), wearing gloves (20%) and the use of antiseptics (44.4%). The overall compliance rate "sample identification"quot; was 61.3% (tube labeling (45.7%) and compliance of the laboratory worksheet (76.9%). the overall compliance rate "Transport" was 49.4%. There was a lack of bag or holders for transport. CONCLUSION: The results obtained allowed to propose an improvement plan to improve this practice. In fact, the ultimate purpuse of medical practice assessment is to improve the quality of care.


Assuntos
Coleta de Amostras Sanguíneas/normas , Fidelidade a Diretrizes/estatística & dados numéricos , Flebotomia/normas , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Coleta de Amostras Sanguíneas/instrumentação , Auditoria Clínica , Humanos , Flebotomia/instrumentação
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