Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 17 de 17
Filtrar
Filtros adicionais











País/Região como assunto
Intervalo de ano
1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31128325

RESUMO

Haploidentical stem cell transplantation (haplo-SCT) with post-transplant cyclophosphamide (PT-Cy) is an alternative treatment for acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients who lack HLA-matched donors. Relapse after haplo-SCT remains a major concern, especially after nonmyeloablative conditioning regimens. Promising results were reported for TBF-based conditioning regimens (thiotepa, busulfan, and fludarabine) in patients transplanted from different categories of donors and for various disease types but not specifically in PT-Cy haplo-SCT for AML. Here we evaluate the outcome of 100 AML patients who received haplo-SCT with PT-Cy after TBF conditioning regimens (reduced-intensity conditioning, n = 77; myeloablative conditioning, n = 23) in 2 transplant programs. Cumulative incidences of grades III to IV acute and moderate or severe chronic graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) were 7% and 14%, respectively. NRM at 2 years was 28%, significantly influenced by disease status at haplo-SCT (first complete response [CR1] versus advanced AML: 16% versus 38%, P = .016) but not by conditioning intensity or age. The cumulative incidences of relapse at 2 years were 17% and 24% in CR1 and advanced AML, respectively (not significant). Progression-free survival, overall survival, and GVHD and relapse-free survival at 2 years were 67%, 71%, and 49% in CR1 patients, respectively, whereas comparative values in patients with advanced disease were 37%, 41%, and 32%. Our study suggests that TBF conditioning for PT-Cy haplo-SCT is safe and effective for AML patients in CR1. In patients with more advanced disease, the relatively low incidence of relapse seems counterbalanced by a high nonrelapse mortality, underlining the need for alternative strategies to decrease relapse risk, without increasing the intensity of conditioning regimen.

3.
Bone Marrow Transplant ; 53(10): 1233-1241, 2018 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29703972

RESUMO

Outcome of patients undergoing allogenic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) has improved. To investigate if this improvement can be transposed to the ICU setting, we conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to assess short-term mortality of critically ill allo-HSCT patients admitted to the ICU and to identify prognostic factors of mortality. Public-domain electronic databases, including Medline via PubMed and the Cochrane Library were searched. All full-text articles written-English studies published from 2006 to 2016, including allo-HSCT adults transferred to the ICU were included. Eighteen studies were selected, including 2342 patients. Overall estimated ICU mortality was 51.7%. Prognostic factors associated with an increased ICU mortality were mechanical ventilation (OR = 12.2, 95% CI = 6.2-23.7), vasopressors (OR = 6.3, 95% CI = 3.6-11.1), renal replacement therapy (OR = 4.2, 95% CI = 2.8-6.2), ICU admission for acute respiratory failure (OR = 2.2, 95% CI = 1.1-4.4), acute kidney injury (OR = 2.2, 95% CI = 1.3-4), and acute graft-versus-host disease (OR = 1.6, 95% CI = 1.1-2.3). Factors associated with an increased ICU survival were a single-organ failure (OR = 0.2, 95% CI = 0.1-0.4), neurological failure (OR = 0.4, 95% CI = 0.2-0.8), and reduced-intensity conditioning regimens (OR = 0.7, 95% CI = 0.5-0.9). Septic shock, underlying malignancy, disease status, donor, and graft source did not impact prognosis. Outcome has improved, supporting the usefulness of ICU management. Organ failures at ICU admission, organ support requirement, and GVHD are the main prognostic factors.

4.
Ann Intensive Care ; 8(1): 47, 2018 Apr 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29675758

RESUMO

Neutropenic enterocolitis (NE) is a diagnostic and therapeutic challenge associated with high mortality rates, with controversial opinions on its optimal management. Physicians are usually reluctant to select surgery as the first-choice treatment, concerns being raised regarding the potential risks associated with abdominal surgery during neutropenia. Nevertheless, no published studies comforted this idea, literature is scarce and surgery has never been compared to medical treatment. This review and meta-analysis aimed to determine the prognostic impact of abdominal surgery on outcome of neutropenic cancer patients presenting with NE, versus medical conservative treatment. This meta-analysis included studies analyzing cancer patients presenting with NE, treated with surgical or medical treatment, searched by PubMed and Cochrane databases (1983-2016), according to PRISMA recommendations. The endpoint was hospital mortality. Fixed-effects models were used. The meta-analysis included 20 studies (385 patients). Overall estimated mortality was 42.2% (95% CI = 40.2-44.2). Abdominal surgery was associated with a favorable outcome with an OR of 0.41 (95% CI = 0.23-0.74; p = 0.003). Pre-defined subgroups analysis showed that neither period of admission, underlying malignancy nor neutropenia during the surgical procedure, influenced this result. Surgery was not associated with an excess risk of mortality compared to medical treatment. Defining the optimal indications of surgical treatment is needed.Trial registration PROSPERO CRD42016048952.

6.
Biol Blood Marrow Transplant ; 24(7): 1449-1454, 2018 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29448057

RESUMO

Haploidentical related donor (HRD) allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) was developed as a valid option for the treatment of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) in the absence of a matched donor. However, many investigators are reluctant to consider the use of this alternative in elderly patients, anticipating high morbidity. Here, we report a single-center comparison of HRD versus matched sibling donor (MSD) and unrelated donor (UD) allo-HSCT for patients with AML aged ≥60 years. Ninety-four patients (MSD: n = 31; UD: n = 30; HRD: n = 33) were analyzed. The median age was 65 (range, 60 to 73) years. We observed a higher cumulative incidence of grade 3 to 4 acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) after UD allo-HSCT (MSD versus UD versus HRD: 3% versus 33% versus 6%, respectively; P = .006). Two-year cumulative incidence of moderate or severe chronic GVHD was 17%, 27%, and 16% in the MSD, UD, and HRD groups, respectively (P = .487). No difference was observed in the 2-year cumulative incidence of relapse or nonrelapse mortality (NRM) (relapse: MSD versus UD versus HRD: 32% versus 25% versus 25%, respectively; P = .411; NRM: MSD versus UD versus HRD: 19% versus 27% versus 24%, respectively; P = .709). At 2 years, progression-free survival, overall survival, and GVHD- and relapse-free survival were 48%, 50%, and 39%, respectively, in the MSD group; 48%, 51%, and 23%, respectively, in the UD group; and 50%, 52%, and 32%, respectively, in the HRD group, without statistically significant differences between the groups. We conclude that HRD allo-HSCT is highly feasible and no less efficient than MSD or UD allo-HSCT in patients with AML aged ≥60 years. Thus, the absence of a HLA-identical donor should not limit the consideration of allo-HSCT for the treatment of AML.

7.
Am J Hematol ; 93(3): 330-338, 2018 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29148089

RESUMO

Acute myeloid leukemias secondary (sAML) to myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPN) have variable clinical courses and outcomes, but remain almost always fatal. Large cohorts of sAML to MPN are difficult to obtain and there is very little scientific literature or prospective trials for determining robust prognostic markers and efficient treatments. We analyzed event-free survival (EFS) and overall survival (OS) of 73 patients with MPN who progressed to sAML, based on their epidemiological characteristics, the preexisting MPN, the different treatments received, the different prognostic groups and the responses achieved according to the ELN, and their mutational status determined by next-generation DNA sequencing (NGS). For 24 patients, we were able to do a comparative NGS analysis at both MPN and sAML phase. After acute transformation EFS and OS were respectively of 2.9 months (range: 0-48.1) and 4.7 months (range: 0.1-58.8). No difference in EFS or OS regarding the previous MPN, the ELN2017 prognostic classification, the first-line therapy or the response was found. After univariate analysis, three genes, TP53, SRSF2 and TET2, impacted pejoratively sAML prognosis at sAML time. In multivariate analysis, TP53 (P = .0001), TET2 (P = .011) and SRSF2 (P = .018) remained independent prognostic factors. Time to sAML transformation was shorter in SRSF2-mutated patients (51.2 months, range: 14.7-98) than in SRSF2-unmutated patients (133.8 months, range: 12.6-411.2) (P < .001). Conventional clinical factors (age, karyotype, ELN2017 prognostic classification, treatments received, treatments response, Allo-SCT…) failed to predict the patients' outcome. Only the mutational status appeared relevant to predict patients' prognosis at sAML phase.

9.
Hematol Oncol ; 35(4): 864-868, 2017 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27353473

RESUMO

We report the case of a patient with a history of Epstein-Barr virus-positive large B-cell lymphoma, who relapsed with an angioimmunoblastic T-cell lymphoma (AITL) associated with a chronic myelomonocytic leukaemia (CMML). We performed targeted next-generation sequencing on CMML and AITL DNA, which revealed mutations of TET2, DNMT3A, SRSF2, NRAS and IDH1, thus confirming that the spectrum of AITL mutations share similarities with myeloid disorders. The frequencies of TET2/DNMT3A and SRSF2 variants could support the hypothesis that TET2/DNMT3A mutations occurred in an early progenitor cell, which later progressed to both the AITL and CMML clones. Treatment with 5-azacytidine led to the complete remission of both diseases. Thus, targeting DNA methylation abnormalities in AITL may be an alternative strategy to chemotherapy. Copyright © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.


Assuntos
Azacitidina/uso terapêutico , Leucemia Mielomonocítica Crônica/tratamento farmacológico , Linfoma de Células B/etiologia , Linfoma de Células T/tratamento farmacológico , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Azacitidina/administração & dosagem , Azacitidina/farmacologia , Feminino , Humanos , Leucemia Mielomonocítica Crônica/patologia , Linfoma de Células T/patologia
12.
Bull Cancer ; 102(4): 349-59, 2015 Apr.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25799163

RESUMO

Febrile neutropenia in cancer patients is associated with a high mortality. Patients are frequently admitted to Intensive Care Unit (ICU) for severe sepsis or septic shock. Empirical antibiotic treatment, including monotherapy ß-lactam covering Pseudomonas aeruginosa, must be prompt. The ICU management is slightly different, due to a particular microbial ecology. A standardized approach to obtain a microbiological documentation is the cornerstone in these patients, leading to an adapted antimicrobial treatment. Systematic reassessment of initial antibiotic regimen should be realised. Neutropenic patients with severe sepsis or septic shock should receive promptly a ß-lactam-aminoglycoside combination, as well as glycopeptides in case of severity or absence of documented infection. Early catheter removal should be considered widely. In the actual context of growing resistance, antibiotics saving became a major concern. According to context and microbial documentation, an escalade or de-escalade approach is recommended, to take into account multi-resistant pathogens. The addition of antifugal treatment is also a major issue in these patients and has well-defined indications. In neutropenic patients admitted in the ICU for severe sepsis or septic shock, controlling local microbial epidemiology and the emergence of multi-resistant bacteria are the key issues.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Cuidados Críticos , Neutropenia Febril/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Hematológicas/complicações , Sepse/tratamento farmacológico , Antifúngicos/uso terapêutico , Antivirais/uso terapêutico , Infecções Relacionadas a Cateter/tratamento farmacológico , Farmacorresistência Bacteriana Múltipla , Neutropenia Febril/complicações , Humanos , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva , Infecções por Pseudomonas/tratamento farmacológico , Sepse/complicações
14.
Leuk Lymphoma ; 55(5): 1106-12, 2014 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23822538

RESUMO

Abstract In 2005, the National Institutes of Health (NIH) proposed standard criteria for diagnosis, organ scoring and global assessment of chronic graft-versus-host disease (cGvHD) severity. We retrospectively reclassified cGvHD with NIH criteria in a monocentric cohort of 130 consecutive adult patients with hematological malignancies presenting cGvHD after receiving allo-hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT) with a fludarabine-busulfan-antithymocyte globulin (ATG) conditioning regimen, among 313 consecutive HSCT recipients. We compared NIH and Seattle classifications to correlate severity and outcome. The follow up range was effectively 2-120 months. Forty-four percent developed Seattle-defined cGvHD (22% limited, 78% extensive forms). Using NIH criteria, there were 23%, 40% and 37% mild, moderate and severe forms, respectively, and 58%, 32% and 8% classic cGvHD, late acute GvHD and overlap syndrome. Five-year overall survival was 55% (49-61), and cumulative incidences of non-relapse mortality (NRM) and relapse/progression at 2 years were 19% (14-23) and 19% (14-24). NIH mild and moderate forms were associated with better survival compared to severe cGvHD (hazard ratio [HR] = 3.28, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.38-7.82, p = 0.007), due to higher NRM among patients with severe cGvHD (HR = 3.04, 95% CI: 1.05-8.78, p = 0.04) but comparable relapse risk (p = NS). In conclusion, the NIH classification appears to be more accurate in predicting outcome mostly by the reclassification of old-defined extensive forms into NIH-defined moderate or severe.


Assuntos
Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/diagnóstico , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/etiologia , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Condicionamento Pré-Transplante , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Soro Antilinfocitário/administração & dosagem , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Bussulfano/administração & dosagem , Quimioprevenção , Doença Crônica , Progressão da Doença , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/tratamento farmacológico , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/mortalidade , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/prevenção & controle , Neoplasias Hematológicas/complicações , Neoplasias Hematológicas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Hematológicas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Hematológicas/terapia , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Transplante Homólogo , Resultado do Tratamento , Vidarabina/administração & dosagem , Vidarabina/análogos & derivados , Adulto Jovem
16.
Intensive Care Med ; 40(1): 41-9, 2014 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24231857

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In severe sepsis, guidelines recommend de-escalating the empirical antimicrobial treatment as soon as the microbiological results are available. We aimed to determine the rate of de-escalation of the empirical antimicrobial treatment in neutropenic patients with severe sepsis. The characteristics of antimicrobial treatment associated with de-escalation and its impact on short- and long-term survival were also determined. METHODS: In the intensive care unit (ICU) of a cancer referral center, we prospectively collected observational data related to the antimicrobial management in neutropenic patients who developed severe sepsis and were admitted to ICU for at least 48 h. De-escalation of antimicrobial therapy consisted either of deleting one of the empirical antibiotics of a combined treatment, or, whenever possible, to use a betalactam antibiotic with a narrower spectrum of activity. Multivariate logistic regression was conducted to determine the factors associated with de-escalation, while a Cox proportional hazards model with a time-dependent covariate was fitted to assess the effect of de-escalation on 30-day survival. Finally 1-year survival after ICU discharge was compared across de-escalation groups. RESULTS: Cumulative incidence of de-escalation of the empirical antimicrobial treatment among the 101 patients of the cohort was 44%, [95% confidence interval (CI) 38-53%], including 30 (68%) patients with ongoing neutropenia. A microbiological documentation was available in 63 (63%) patients. Factors associated with de-escalation were the adequation of the empirical antimicrobial treatment in ICU [OR = 10.8 (95% CI 1.20-96)] for adequate documented treatment versus appropriate empirical treatment, the compliance with guidelines regarding the empirical choice of the anti-pseudomonal betalactam [OR = 10.8 (95% CI 1.3-89.5)]. De-escalation did not significantly modify the hazard of death within the first 30 days [HR = 0.51 (95% CI 0.20-1.33)], nor within 1 year after ICU discharge [HR = 1.06 (95% CI 0.54-2.08)]. CONCLUSION: Our data suggest that, in ICU, de-escalation of the empirical antimicrobial treatment is frequently applied in neutropenic cancer patients with severe sepsis. No evidence of any prognostic impact of this de-escalation was found.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Antineoplásicos/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Neutropenia/tratamento farmacológico , Sepse/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto , Idoso , Antibacterianos/administração & dosagem , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Institutos de Câncer/estatística & dados numéricos , Comorbidade , Feminino , França , Humanos , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva/estatística & dados numéricos , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias/complicações , Neoplasias/epidemiologia , Neutropenia/epidemiologia , Neutropenia/etiologia , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Estudos Prospectivos , Sepse/epidemiologia , Sepse/microbiologia , Análise de Sobrevida
17.
Biol Blood Marrow Transplant ; 19(4): 576-83, 2013 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23270984

RESUMO

It has been reported that chronic graft-versus-host disease (cGVHD) is associated with significant morbidity and mortality after allogeneic stem cell transplantation (allo-SCT). The risk of relapse is generally reduced when cGVHD is present, but prognosis may be affected by increased toxicity and/or risk of infection associated with immunosuppressive treatment (IST). We performed a longitudinal data analysis of cGVHD, including the evolution of cGVHD itself over time in response to IST, in a single-center cohort of 313 consecutive patients undergoing allo-SCT. We found that lack of sustained response without withdrawal of IST within 6 months of cGVHD development was associated with higher transplantation-related mortality (hazard ratio, 2.32; 95% confidence interval, 1.24-4.33) compared with cGVHD-free patients. Conversely, response conferred better overall survival (hazard ratio, 0.42; 95% confidence interval, 0.18-0.95). Our analytical approach allowed us to integrate the evolution of cGVHD in a predictive model of transplantation outcome; notably, remission associated with permanent discontinuation of IST within the first 6 months from the occurrence of cGVHD seemed to correlate most closely with final outcome. Further confirmation from larger studies is needed.


Assuntos
Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/terapia , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Imunossupressores/uso terapêutico , Condicionamento Pré-Transplante , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Doença Crônica , Feminino , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/diagnóstico , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/imunologia , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/mortalidade , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Agonistas Mieloablativos/uso terapêutico , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Prevenção Secundária , Análise de Sobrevida , Transplante Homólogo , Resultado do Tratamento
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA