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1.
Acta amaz ; 49(4): 299-306, out. - dez. 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1118948

RESUMO

The relationships between fish size and sagitta otolith measurements were calculated for the first time for 15 species belonging to six families from the northern Brazilian coast. A total of 220 fish were sampled from the bycatch landed by the bottom-trawl industrial shrimp-fishing fleet between August and September 2016. All species had strong relationships between otolith measurements and fish total length with the coefficient of determination (r 2) ranging between 0.71 and 0.99. The variable most strongly related to fish total length was found to be the sagittal otolith length (OL) with 98% of the variability. These relationships are a useful tool to estimate length and mass of preyed fish from otoliths found in stomach contents of marine predators. (AU)


Assuntos
Membrana dos Otólitos , Ecossistema Amazônico , Tamanho Corporal , Pesqueiros , Conteúdo Gastrointestinal
2.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 7530, 2019 05 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31101898

RESUMO

Deltas are dynamic and productive systems of enormous ecological significance, encompassing unique and biologically diverse wetland habitats. Here, we present the first data on the molecular diversity of the fish fauna of the Parnaíba Delta, the largest deltaic formation of the Americas. Partial sequences (626 bp) of the mitochondrial COI gene (Cytochrome c oxidase subunit I) were used to barcode 402 individuals, representing 128 species, belonging to 98 genera, 57 families, 17 orders and two classes. The most abundant orders were the Perciformes, Siluriformes, Gobiiformes, and Pleuronectiformes. The Neighbor-Joining (NJ), Bayesian Inference (BI), and BIN analyses produced 103 molecular clusters, while the Automatic Barcode Gap Discovery (ABGD) and Maximum Likelihood (ML) approaches revealed 102 clusters. The mean conspecific, congeneric and confamilial genetic distances were 0.33%, 14.37%, and 18.60%, respectively. Intraspecific divergence ranged from 0.0% to 1.4%, and all species presented barcode gaps, with the exception of two clusters of Cathorops spixii (OTU 96 and OTU 103), which were separated by a low interspecific distance (1.2%), which overlaps the maximum intraspecific genetic distance (1.4%). The barcode data provide new insights into the fish diversity of the Parnaíba Delta, which will be important for the development of further research on this fauna.


Assuntos
Peixes-Gato/classificação , Linguados/classificação , Perciformes/classificação , Animais , Biodiversidade , Brasil , Peixes-Gato/genética , Código de Barras de DNA Taxonômico/métodos , Complexo IV da Cadeia de Transporte de Elétrons/genética , Peixes , Linguados/genética , Geografia , Perciformes/genética , Rios , Áreas Alagadas
4.
PLoS One ; 11(12): e0167375, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27907093

RESUMO

Mangrove crabs influence ecosystem processes through bioturbation and/or litter feeding. In Brazilian mangroves, the abundant and commercially important crab Ucides cordatus is the main faunal modifier of microtopography establishing up to 2 m deep burrows. They process more than 70% of the leaf litter and propagule production, thus promoting microbial degradation of detritus and benefiting microbe-feeding fiddler crabs. The accelerated nutrient turn-over and increased sediment oxygenation mediated by U. cordatus may enhance mangrove tree growth. Such positive feed-back loop was tested in North Brazil through a one year crab removal experiment simulating increased harvesting rates in a mature Rhizophora mangle forest. Investigated response parameters were sediment salinity, organic matter content, CO2 efflux rates of the surface sediment, and reduction potential. We also determined stipule fall of the mangrove tree R. mangle as a proxy for tree growth. Three treatments were applied to twelve experimental plots (13 m × 13 m each): crab removal, disturbance control and control. Within one year, the number of U. cordatus burrows inside the four removal plots decreased on average to 52% of the initial number. Despite this distinct reduction in burrow density of this large bioturbator, none of the measured parameters differed between treatments. Instead, most parameters were clearly influenced by seasonal changes in precipitation. Hence, in the studied R. mangle forest, abiotic factors seem to be more important drivers of ecosystem processes than factors mediated by U. cordatus, at least within the studied timespan of one year.


Assuntos
Dióxido de Carbono/metabolismo , Ecossistema , Áreas Alagadas , Animais , Braquiúros/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Braquiúros/metabolismo , Brasil , Sedimentos Geológicos , Salinidade , Ondas de Maré , Árvores/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Árvores/metabolismo
5.
Zootaxa ; 4205(1): zootaxa.4205.1.6, 2016 12 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27988597

RESUMO

Two new species of the free-living marine nematode genus Deontolaimus (Leptolaimidae) are described from mangrove forests of the Can Gio Biosphere Reserve and Tien Yen, Quang Ninh, Vietnam. D. mangrovi sp. nov. is distinguished from D. papillatus de Man, 1880 and D. cangioensis sp. nov. by tail shape: conical and then elongated, without pointed tip. Deontolaimus cangioensis sp. nov. resembles D. papillatus in body shape, especially in the pointed tail terminus. D. cangioensis differs from D. papillatus in having a complicated gubernaculum with dorsally curved apophyses.


Assuntos
Adenofórios/classificação , Adenofórios/anatomia & histologia , Animais , Feminino , Masculino , Vietnã , Áreas Alagadas
6.
PLoS One ; 9(7): e101727, 2014.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25003185

RESUMO

Historical events, such as changes in sea level during the Pleistocene glacial cycles, had a strong impact on coastal habitats, limiting connectivity and promoting the genetic divergence of various species. In this study, we evaluated the influence of climate oscillations and the possibility of estuary function as a barrier to gene flow among populations of the four-eyed fish, Anableps anableps. This species is fully estuarine-resident, has internal fertilization, is viviparous and does not migrate across long distances. These features make the four-eyed fish an excellent model for the study of evolutionary processes related to genetic differentiation of species and populations in estuaries. The evolutionary history of A. anableps was inferred from phylogeographic and population analyses using sequences of the mitochondrial DNA Control Region of 13 populations distributed in the Amazon and Northeast Coast of Brazil from Calcoene (Amapa) to Parnaiba (Piaui). The 83 retrieved haplotypes show a pattern of four distinct mitochondrial lineages, with up to 3.4% nucleotide divergence among them. The evolutionary reconstruction suggests that these lineages diverged recently in the late Pleistocene/early Holocene after the Atlantic Ocean reaching current levels. Analysis of variability, neutrality and the genetic expansion pattern revealed that the lineages have distinct characteristics, which were shaped by the different geomorphological features of coastal regions combined with sea level oscillations over a very long period of time. Only few neighboring populations show a discreet gene flow. This study may also be helpful for designing new experiments to better understand the geomorphological evolutionary history of the estuaries of the Amazon and the Northeast Coast of Brazil using estuarine-resident species as a model.


Assuntos
Ciprinodontiformes/genética , DNA Mitocondrial , Animais , Brasil , Ciprinodontiformes/classificação , Evolução Molecular , Variação Genética , Genética Populacional , Haplótipos , Dados de Sequência Molecular , Filogenia , Filogeografia
7.
Mitochondrial DNA ; 25(2): 150-6, 2014 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23656293

RESUMO

We investigated the genetic structure and diversity of M. atricauda, based on 266 specimens collected off the coast of southern Brazil and Argentina at seven locations, covering the whole geographic distribution of this species. A DNA sequence alignment of 904 base pairs of the mitochondrial Control Region revealed a total of 85 haplotypes. F(ST) analyses suggest that M. atricauda does not comprise a single demographic stock. Two different genetic units are identified, which possibly are related to ecological adaptations of the species within its range. Genetic diversity, Bayesian analysis of population structure, and significant negative results for the D and FS tests indicate that M. atricauda populations have undergone recent expansion. The spatial distribution of genetic variation seems to be related to historical colonization from south to north, followed by expansion.


Assuntos
DNA Mitocondrial/genética , Genética Populacional , Perciformes/genética , Animais , Teorema de Bayes , Variação Genética , Genômica , Geografia , Haplótipos , Oceanos e Mares , Análise de Sequência de DNA
8.
Rev. biol. trop ; 56(2): 861-873, jun. 2008. graf, tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-637681

RESUMO

The feeding ecology of pemecou sea catfish (Sciades herzbergii) was studied bimonthly from September 2003 to July 2004 in a macrotidal mangrove creek at Curuçá estuary, Brazil. Feeding activity and relative importance of prey groups were assessed in 528 and 226 specimens (6.2 to 36.0 cm total length), respectively, using stomach contents. A total of 1 820 specimens were caught. The fish left the creek with an average of 2.2 % of their body weight in prey. Feeding activity was lower in the dry season (September and November 2003) than in the rainy season (January to May 2004). The diet was dominated by Ocypodidae and Grapsidae. Feeding strategies of the pemecou sea catfish indicated a slight variation between the diets of adults and juveniles; however; the main factor leading to diversification in the diet were the seasons. Opportunistic feeding behavior was observed in the dry season, shifting to more specialized feeding in the wet season. This temporal diet shift may be explained by the environmental seasonal variations (e.g. transparency of the water, high water level) in the intertidal mangrove creek habitat. Rev. Biol. Trop. 56 (2): 861-873. Epub 2008 June 30.


Estudiamos la ecología trófica del bagre guatero Sciades herzbergii, con periodicidad bimestral, desde septiembre de 2003 a julio de 2004, en un canal de marea del estuario del río Curuçá, norte de Brasil. Del total de 1820 ejemplares capturados, analizamos la actividad alimentaría y la importancia de las diferentes fuentes de alimento por evaluación de los contenidos estomacales de 528 y 226 ejemplares (longitud corporal 6,2 a 36,0 cm), respectivamente. S. herzbergii sale del canal de marea con un valor promedio de 2,2 % de su peso corporal como alimento. El ritmo alimentario fue menor durante el período seco (septiembre a noviembre de 2003) que en el lluvioso (enero a mayo de 2004). Los análisis de los contenidos estomacales de 226 ejemplares indicaron una dieta con predominio de Ocypodidae y Grapsidae. Las estrategias alimentarías de S. herzbergii mostraron pequeñas diferencias entre las dietas de los adultos y de los jóvenes, pero la variación estacional fue el factor que mejor definió la diversificación de la dieta. En el período seco hubo un comportamiento oportunista en la alimentación, cambiando a una dieta mas especializada durante el período lluvioso. Esta variación temporal en la dieta corresponde con la variación estacional en los hábitats del canal de marea.


Assuntos
Animais , Peixes-Gato/fisiologia , Ecossistema , Comportamento Alimentar/fisiologia , Estações do Ano , Brasil , Conteúdo Gastrointestinal
9.
Rev Biol Trop ; 56(2): 861-73, 2008 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19256449

RESUMO

The feeding ecology of pemecou sea catfish (Sciades herzbergii) was studied bimonthly from September 2003 to July 2004 in a macrotidal mangrove creek at Curuçá estuary, Brazil. Feeding activity and relative importance of prey groups were assessed in 528 and 226 specimens (6.2 to 36.0 cm total length), respectively, using stomach contents. A total of 1 820 specimens were caught. The fish left the creek with an average of 2.2% of their body weight in prey. Feeding activity was lower in the dry season (September and November 2003) than in the rainy season (January to May 2004). The diet was dominated by Ocypodidae and Grapsidae. Feeding strategies of the pemecou sea catfish indicated a slight variation between the diets of adults and juveniles; however; the main factor leading to diversification in the diet were the seasons. Opportunistic feeding behavior was observed in the dry season, shifting to more specialized feeding in the wet season. This temporal diet shift may be explained by the environmental seasonal variations (e.g., transparency of the water, high water level) in the intertidal mangrove creek habitat.


Assuntos
Peixes-Gato/fisiologia , Ecossistema , Comportamento Alimentar/fisiologia , Estações do Ano , Animais , Brasil , Conteúdo Gastrointestinal
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