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1.
J Orthop Res ; 2021 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34783068

RESUMO

Tendons and ligaments are jointed to bones via an enthesis that is essential to the proper function of the muscular and skeletal structures. The aim of the study is to investigate the effect of mechanical stress on the enthesis. We used ex vivo models in organ cultures of rat Achilles tendons with calcaneus including the enthesis. The organ was attached to a mechanical stretching apparatus that can conduct cyclic tensile strain. We made the models of 1-mm elongation (0.5 Hz, 3% elongation), 2-mm elongation (0.5 Hz, 5% elongation), and no stress. Histological evaluation by Safranin O staining and Toluidin Blue and Picro Sirius red staining was conducted. Expression of sex-determining region Y-box 9 (Sox9), scleraxis (Scx), Runt-related transcription factor 2 (Runx2), and matrix metalloproteinase 13 (Mmp13) were examined by real-time polymerase chain reaction and immunocytochemistry. Terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated deoxyuridine triphosphate biotin nick end-labeling and live/dead staining and was conducted for evaluation of the apoptosis and cell viability. The structure of the enthesis was most maintained in the model of 1-mm elongation. The electronic microscope showed that the enthesis of the no stress model had ill-defined borders between fibrocartilage and mineralized fibrocartilage, and that calcification of mineralized fibrocartilage occurred in the model of 2-mm elongation. Sox9 and Scx was upregulated by 1-mm elongation, whereas Runx2 and Mmp13 were upregulated by 2-mm elongation. Apoptosis was inhibited by low stress. The results of this study suggested that 1-mm elongation can maintain the structure of the enthesis, while 2-mm elongation promotes degenerative changes.

2.
BMC Musculoskelet Disord ; 22(1): 882, 2021 Oct 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34656102

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Nerve conduction study (NCS) is the only useful test for objective assessment of carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS). However, the relationship between pre- and postoperative NCS and clinical outcomes was unclear. This study aimed to determine whether pre- and postoperative (6 months) NCS could predict patient-oriented and motor outcomes (6 and 12 months postoperatively) in patients with CTS. METHOD: Of the 85 patients with CTS, 107 hands were analyzed from March 2011 to March 2020. All patients underwent open carpal tunnel release and were examined using the disabilities of the arm, shoulder and hand (DASH) questionnaire and grip strength (GS) preoperatively and 6 and 12 months postoperatively. Moreover, NCS was examined preoperatively and 6 months postoperatively. Distal motor latency (DML) and sensory conduction velocity (SCV) were the parameters used for NCS. The correlation coefficient between NCS and DASH or GS was calculated. A receiver operating characteristic curve was utilized to determine the NCS threshold value to predict DASH and GS improvement. RESULTS: The average scores of GS preoperatively and 6 and 12 months postoperatively were 21.3, 22.3, and 22.8, respectively. On the other hand, the average scores of DASH preoperatively and 6 and 12 months postoperatively were 28.8, 18.3, and 12.2, respectively. The average NCS scores (DML and SCV) preoperatively/6 months postoperatively were 7.3/5.4 and 27.8/36.7, respectively. Preoperative NCS did not correlate with DASH and GS. Postoperative SCV correlated with the change in grip strength (6-12 months, r = 0.67; 0-12 months, r = 0.60) and DASH (0-12 months, r = 0.77). Moreover, postoperative DML correlated with the change in DASH (6-12 months, r = - 0.33; 0-12 months, r = - 0.59). The prediction for the improvement of GS/DASH achieved a sensitivity of 50.0%/66.7% and a specificity of 100%/100%, at an SCV cutoff score of 38.5/45.0 or above. The prediction for improvement of GS/DASH achieved a sensitivity of 83.3%/66.7% and a specificity of 100%/66.7% at a DML cutoff score of 4.4/4.4 or below. CONCLUSION: NCS at 6 months postoperatively can be used to predict the improvement of clinical outcome after 6 months postoperatively in patients with CTS.


Assuntos
Síndrome do Túnel Carpal , Síndrome do Túnel Carpal/diagnóstico , Síndrome do Túnel Carpal/cirurgia , Humanos , Nervo Mediano/cirurgia , Condução Nervosa , Exame Neurológico , Período Pós-Operatório
3.
Arch Osteoporos ; 16(1): 132, 2021 09 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34515859

RESUMO

We examined osteoporosis medication use and factors affecting persistence in 497 patients with fragility hip fractures. Only 25.5% of patients received continuous medication for 3 years, and 44.1% of patients received no treatment. Low Barthel index at discharge was a risk factor for both non-treatment and non-persistence to osteoporosis medication. PURPOSE: Fragility hip fractures (FHF) caused by osteoporosis decrease the quality of life and worsen life expectancy. Use of osteoporosis medication may be an efficient method in the prevention of secondary FHF. However, previous studies have reported low rates of osteoporosis medication and persistence after FHF. This study aimed to evaluate osteoporosis medication use and factors affecting persistence in patients with FHF in the northern Kyushu area of Japan. METHODS: A total of 497 FHF patients aged ≥ 60 years with a 3-year follow-up were included. We prospectively collected data from questionnaires sent every 6 months regarding compliance with osteoporosis medication. We compared baseline characteristics among three groups: no treatment (NT), no persistence (NP), and persistence (P), and conducted multivariable regression models to determine covariates associated with non-treatment (NT vs. NP/P) and non-persistence (NP vs. P). RESULTS: There were 219 (44.1%), 151 (30.4%), and 127 (25.5%) patients in the NT, NP, and P groups, respectively. Factors associated with non-treatment were male sex, chronic kidney disease, no previous osteoporosis treatment, and low Barthel index (BI) at discharge. The only factor associated with non-persistence was a low BI at discharge. Factors associated with a low BI at discharge were male sex, older age, trochanteric fracture, and surgical delay. CONCLUSION: Low BI at discharge is a risk factor for both non-treatment and non-persistence to osteoporosis medication. Therefore, appropriate interventions to improve BI may result in persistence to osteoporosis medication.


Assuntos
Conservadores da Densidade Óssea , Fraturas do Quadril , Osteoporose , Fraturas por Osteoporose , Idoso , Conservadores da Densidade Óssea/uso terapêutico , Fraturas do Quadril/epidemiologia , Humanos , Japão/epidemiologia , Masculino , Osteoporose/tratamento farmacológico , Osteoporose/epidemiologia , Fraturas por Osteoporose/epidemiologia , Fraturas por Osteoporose/prevenção & controle , Alta do Paciente , Estudos Prospectivos , Qualidade de Vida
4.
No Shinkei Geka ; 49(3): 549-555, 2021 May.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34092560

RESUMO

We previously proposed an information-guided surgery based on objective intraoperative information to achieve a high precision and maximum resection of gliomas. In 2000, an "intelligent operating room" was constructed and put into operation as a place to train new "eyes," "hands," and "brains" for surgeons. Based on the positive experience from this room, it was subsequently developed into the Smart Cyber Operating Theater (SCOT), and from October 2019, Hyper SCOT was introduced at Tokyo Women's Medical University Hospital. This report introduces the latest surgical support devices that we have implemented in glioma surgery with Hyper SCOT. As an intraoperative image information support device, intraoperative MRI can correct brain shift, visualize residual tumor, and aid in performing maximal tumor resection, thereby greatly contributing to surgical results. As an intraoperative histological information support device, intraoperative flow cytometry can evaluate the presence of tumor cells and malignancy based on the measurement of the amount of DNA in tumor cells, and also predict the prognosis intraoperatively. Photodynamic therapy has been shown to be effective in clinical trials as an intraoperative treatment support device, and it is covered by insurance. Therefore, it is expected to be established as a standard treatment method for primary glioblastoma patients.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Encefálicas , Glioma , Encéfalo , Neoplasias Encefálicas/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Encefálicas/cirurgia , Feminino , Glioma/diagnóstico por imagem , Glioma/cirurgia , Humanos , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Neoplasia Residual
5.
Acta Med Okayama ; 75(2): 177-185, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33953423

RESUMO

This retrospective study sought to elucidate the incidence rates of roof impaction (RI) and marginal impaction (MI) and radiological and clinical outcomes of open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) for RI and MI in geriatric acetabular fractures. The cases of 68 patients aged ≥ 65 years (mean 71 years) treated with ORIF were analyzed. MI was present in 12 fractures (67%) and an RI of the weight-bearing surface was present in 24 (46%) of the potential fracture types. Regarding the reduction quality, 54% of the reductions were graded as anatomical, 37% as imperfect, and 9% as poor. In the clinical evaluations of the 45 patients who had > 1-year follow-up (follow-up rate: 66.2%), 18% were graded as excellent, 53% as good, 16% as fair, and 13% as poor. An anatomic reduction was strongly associated with good or excellent clinical and radiological outcomes. CT was superior to radiographs for detecting the residual displacement postoperatively. Postoperative deep infection occurred in four patients. Three patients (6.7%) underwent a total hip arthroplasty conversion due to secondary osteoarthritis of the hip. We recommend ORIF as the preferred surgical treatment option for displaced acetabular fractures in elderly patients.

6.
J Orthop Sci ; 26(2): 230-236, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32223991

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Many histological, mechanical, and clinical studies have been performed on the medial meniscus posterior root attachment, as it often tears in patients with osteoarthritic knee. Medial meniscal root repair is recommended in clinical situations; however, to date, no studies have examined the differences between meniscal root and horn cells. The aim of this study was, therefore, to investigate the morphology, reaction to cyclic tensile strain, and gene expression levels of medial meniscal root and horn cells. METHODS: Meniscal samples were obtained from the medial knee compartments of 10 patients with osteoarthritis who underwent total knee arthroplasty. Root and horn cells were cultured in Dulbecco's modified Eagle's medium without enzymes. The morphology, distribution, and proliferation of medial meniscal root and horn cells, as well as the gene and protein expression levels of Sry-type HMG box 9 and type II collagen, were determined after cyclic tensile strain treatment. RESULTS: Horn cells had a triangular morphology, whereas root cells were fibroblast-like. The number of horn cells positive for Sry-type HMG box 9 and type II collagen was considerably higher than that of root cells. Although root and horn cells showed similar levels of proliferation after 48, 72, or 96 h of culture, more horn cells than root cells were lost following a 2-h treatment with 5% and 10% cyclic tensile. Sry-type HMG box 9 and α1(II) collagen mRNA expression levels were significantly enhanced in both cells after 2- and 4-h cyclic tensile strain (5%) treatment. CONCLUSIONS: Medial meniscal root and horn cells have distinct morphologies, reactions to mechanical stress, and cellular phenotypes. Our results suggest that physiological tensile strain is important to activate extracellular matrix production in horn cells.


Assuntos
Artroplastia do Joelho , Meniscos Tibiais , Lesões do Menisco Tibial , Humanos , Articulação do Joelho/cirurgia , Meniscos Tibiais/cirurgia , Estresse Mecânico , Lesões do Menisco Tibial/genética , Lesões do Menisco Tibial/cirurgia
7.
Arch Orthop Trauma Surg ; 141(7): 1139-1148, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32529385

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Radiation-induced pathological fractures show high nonunion and infection rates. Successful treatment of postoperative infections of these fractures without limb amputation is extremely rare. METHODS: We report two cases of postoperative infection of pathological femoral fracture after radiation therapy for soft tissue tumors. Considering the poor condition of the irradiated site, a two-staged operation was selected to create the optimal situation for bone union. The treatment involved the Masquelet technique, latissimus dorsi (LD) flap, and a free vascularized fibula graft (FVFG). In the first stage, we drastically resected the necrotic bone and the surrounding infected tissue and placed antibiotic polymethylmethacrylate space on the bone gap according to the Masquelet technique. Next, we used an Ilizarov external fixator as a temporizing stabilizer and performed the LD flap. Six weeks later, in the second stage, we changed the external fixation to plate fixation; packed the artificial bone (ß-TCP) and autograft bone to the induced membrane; and performed FVFG on the other side of the plate. As postoperative therapy, toe touch was allowed immediately, and partial weight bearing was started 2 months after second surgery. RESULTS: Both patients achieved bone union and were able to walk without postoperative complications. At the 2-year follow-up, there was no recurrence of infection. CONCLUSION: Our treatment is effective for controlling postoperative infection of radiation-induced pathological fracture.


Assuntos
Fraturas do Fêmur/cirurgia , Fixação de Fratura/efeitos adversos , Fraturas Espontâneas/cirurgia , Infecção da Ferida Cirúrgica , Humanos , Resultado do Tratamento
8.
J Orthop Sci ; 26(2): 271-275, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32349884

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In Japan, microsurgical skill development and a system to transfer patients to an appropriate hospital for upper extremity amputation have been promoted; however, information about trends of replantation is limited. Therefore, the aim of this study was to clarify the trends in the treatment for upper extremity amputation using the Japan Trauma Data Bank (JTDB). METHODS: Data derived from JTDB (2004-2015) were used to quantify trends in the volume of replantation for upper extremity amputation including finger amputation. Trauma was diagnosed based on the Abbreviated Injury Scale code; a subgroup of patients who underwent replantation was delineated. We investigated patient demographics, infection rate, and characteristics of treating facilities. RESULTS: A total of 1240 patients underwent upper extremity amputation. Among these, 510 (41.1%) underwent replantation, and the rate of replantation did not change over the study period. The average age of patients who underwent or did not undergo replantation was 45.5 and 47.2 years, respectively. The proportion of the patients who were transferred to another hospital for treatment significantly decreased between 2004 (28.5%) and 2015 (16.3%) (P < 0.01). Time taken for transfer from the accident site to hospitals increased. The rate of patients who underwent replantation differed among different hospitals; however, higher-volume hospitals were more likely to perform replantation. CONCLUSION: The rate of patients transferred to another hospital decreased between 2004 and 2015; however, the rate of patients who underwent replantation remained unchanged. This suggests that the number of patients who were transported directly from the accident site to an appropriate hospital has increased, whereas the indication for care in each hospital remains unchanged. Common criteria for amputations are needed to address the differing rates of replantation among hospitals.


Assuntos
Amputação Traumática , Traumatismos dos Dedos , Amputação Traumática/epidemiologia , Amputação Traumática/cirurgia , Traumatismos dos Dedos/epidemiologia , Traumatismos dos Dedos/cirurgia , Humanos , Japão/epidemiologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Reimplante , Extremidade Superior/cirurgia
9.
J Clin Neurosci ; 83: 68-70, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33317879

RESUMO

Spinal meningioma is a common benign intradural spinal tumor. It has been reported that the local recurrence rate after surgical resection increases with longer follow-up duration. Simpson grade 1 resection could reduce the risk of recurrence, but this procedure needs dural reconstruction, which would cause cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leakage or iatrogenic spinal cord injury. Saito et al. reported dura preservation technique to reduce the risk of CSF leakage, in which the meningioma together with the inner layer of the dura is removed and the outer layer is preserved for simple dural closure. The long-term outcomes with this technique have never been investigated. In this study, we retrospectively analyzed the data of 38 surgically treated patients (dura preservation technique, 12 patients; Simpson grade 2 resection, 26 patients) to assess the long-term recurrence rate (mean, 121.5 months; range, 60-228 months). The local recurrence rate in the dura preservation group was 8.3% (1 of 12 cases), which was similar to that in Simpson grade 2 resection group (2 of 26 cases [7.7%]). Although this case series did not indicate the significant difference in the recurrence rates between the dura preservation group and Simpson grade 2 group, we consider that this technique still has advantages for surgically less invasiveness in terms of dural reconstruction which is necessary for Simpson grade 1 and higher possibility of complete resection of tumors compared with Simpson grade 2 resection.


Assuntos
Dura-Máter/cirurgia , Neoplasias Meníngeas/cirurgia , Meningioma/cirurgia , Procedimentos Neurocirúrgicos/métodos , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Neoplasias da Medula Espinal/cirurgia , Tempo
10.
Knee ; 27(3): 701-708, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32563426

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Transtibial pullout repair of a medial meniscus posterior root tear (MMPRT) is a commonly used procedure, and several techniques have been reported. We hypothesised that pull-out repairs using two simple stitches (TSS) would have similar postoperative outcomes as those using the modified Mason-Allen suture with FasT-Fix (F-MMA). We aimed to investigate the clinical outcomes of these techniques, including the meniscal healing status and osteoarthritic change. METHODS: The data of 68 patients who underwent transtibial pull-out repair were retrospectively investigated. The patients were divided into two groups of 41 and 27 patients using F-MMA and TSS, respectively. The clinical outcomes were assessed preoperatively and at second-look arthroscopy (the mean period from surgery was one year) using the Knee injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score. The meniscal healing status, evaluated at second-look arthroscopy, was compared between the two groups. The cartilage damage was graded as per the classification of the International Cartilage Repair Society and compared at the primary surgery and second-look arthroscopy. RESULTS: Both groups showed significant improvement in each clinical score. No significant difference was seen in the clinical outcome scores and the meniscal healing status between the two groups at second-look arthroscopy. Moreover, no significant progression of cartilage damage was observed in both groups. Fourteen patients in the F-MMA group developed a complication of suture bar failures postoperatively; however, there were no complications in the TSS group. CONCLUSIONS: The TSS and F-MMA techniques showed favourable clinical outcomes and would be established as clinically useful techniques for the MMPRT treatment.


Assuntos
Artroscopia/métodos , Meniscos Tibiais/cirurgia , Técnicas de Sutura/instrumentação , Suturas , Lesões do Menisco Tibial/cirurgia , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Meniscos Tibiais/diagnóstico por imagem , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Período Pós-Operatório , Estudos Retrospectivos , Ruptura , Cirurgia de Second-Look , Lesões do Menisco Tibial/diagnóstico
11.
Trauma Case Rep ; 25: 100268, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31890833

RESUMO

Septic arthritis in distal interphalangeal (DIP) joints sometimes occurs in association with mucous cysts or after the surgical treatment of mallet fingers. Recently, several studies have demonstrated the effectiveness of the Masquelet technique in the treatment of bone defects caused by trauma or infection. However, only few studies have reported the use of this technique for septic arthritis in small joints of the hand, and its effectiveness in treating septic arthritis in DIP joints remains unclear. We report the clinical and radiological outcomes of three patients who were treated with the Masquelet technique for septic arthritis in DIP joints. One patient had uncontrolled diabetes and another had rheumatoid arthritis treated with methotrexate and prednisolone. The first surgical stage involved thorough debridement of the infection site, including the middle and distal phalanx. We placed an external fixator from the middle to the distal phalanx and then packed the cavity of the DIP joint with antibiotic cement bead of polymethylmethacrylate (40 g) including 2 g of vancomycin and 200 mg of minocycline. At 4-6 weeks after the first surgical stage, the infection had cleared, and the second surgical stage was performed. The external fixator and cement bead were carefully removed while carefully preserving the surrounding osteo-induced membrane. The membrane was smooth and nonadherent to the cement block. In the second surgical stage, an autogenous bone graft was harvested from the iliac bone and inserted into the joint space, within the membrane. The bone graft, distal phalanx, and middle phalanx were fixed with Kirschner wires and/or a soft wire. Despite the high risk of infection, bone union was achieved in all patients without recurrence of infection. Although the Masquelet technique requires two surgeries, it can lead to favorable clinical and radiological outcomes for infected small joints of the hand.

12.
Arch Orthop Trauma Surg ; 140(4): 481-485, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31642955

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Postoperative thrombosis of the external iliac artery (EIA) following open reduction and internal fixation for acetabular fracture is extremely rare. PURPOSE: To report a patient with EIA thrombosis following open reduction and internal fixation using the modified ilioinguinal approach for acetabular fractures. STUDY DESIGN: This is a case report of a 69-year-old male with a left acetabular fracture who was treated surgically. METHODS: A 69-year-old male presented with left hip pain after a 1.5-m fall. Radiographs revealed left acetabular anterior wall and posterior hemitransverse fractures with dome impaction. Computed tomography (CT) showed atherosclerotic changes in many arteries. Open reduction and internal fixation were performed using the modified ilioinguinal approach. Adhesion around the external iliac vessels was severe, and the external iliac vein (EIV) ruptured during exposure. After EIV repair, anatomical reduction was achieved and the fracture was fixed using a reconstruction plate. Nine hours after surgery, the left lower limb showed acute ischemic symptoms. Contrast-enhanced CT indicated complete occlusion of the left EIA. The patient was immediately taken for a thrombectomy via EIA cut-down using a Fogarty catheter. Postoperatively, he had palpable dorsalis pedis and posterior tibial pulses; however, post-reperfusion compartment syndrome developed. Fasciotomy of the left leg was performed. RESULTS: At the 2-year and 4-month follow-up, he was pain-free in his hip and leg. Although he was walking with a cane, activity was limited due to a mild foot drop. CONCLUSIONS: It is very important for surgeons to consider EIA thrombosis as a potential complication following open reduction and internal fixation. In this case, EIA thrombosis could be explained by preoperative atherosclerotic changes and intraoperative vascular handling procedures. Preoperative screening and management, and meticulous surgical procedures are necessary for patients with a high risk of thrombosis.


Assuntos
Artéria Ilíaca , Redução Aberta/efeitos adversos , Trombose , Acetábulo/lesões , Acetábulo/cirurgia , Idoso , Fraturas do Quadril/cirurgia , Humanos , Artéria Ilíaca/fisiopatologia , Artéria Ilíaca/cirurgia , Masculino , Trombose/etiologia , Trombose/cirurgia
13.
J Neurosurg Spine ; : 1-7, 2019 Dec 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31881534

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Compression of the spinal cord by thoracic ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament (T-OPLL) often causes severe thoracic myelopathy. Although surgery is the most effective treatment for T-OPLL, problems associated with surgical intervention require resolution because surgical outcomes are not always favorable, and a small number of patients experience deterioration of their neurological status after surgery. The aim of the present study was to examine the surgery-related risk factors contributing to poor clinical outcomes for myelopathy caused by T-OPLL. METHODS: Data were extracted from the records of 55 patients with thoracic myelopathy due to T-OPLL at institutions in the Fukuoka Spine Group. The mean follow-up period was 5.3 years. Surgical outcomes were assessed using the Japanese Orthopaedic Association (JOA) scale. To investigate the definitive factors associated with surgical outcomes, univariate and multivariate regression analyses were performed with several patient-related and surgery-related factors, including preoperative comorbidities, radiological findings, JOA score, surgical methods, surgical outcomes, and complications. RESULTS: Neurological status improved in 33 patients (60.0%) and deteriorated in 10 patients (18.2%) after surgery. The use of instrumentation was significantly associated with an improved outcome. In the comparison of surgical approaches, posterior decompression and fusion resulted in a significantly higher neurological recovery rate than did anterior decompression via a posterior approach and fusion or decompression alone. It was also found that postoperative neurological status was significantly poorer when there were fewer instrumented spinal levels than decompression levels. CSF leakage was a predictable risk factor for deterioration following surgery. CONCLUSIONS: It is important to identify preventable risk factors for poor surgical outcomes for T-OPLL. The findings of the present study suggest that intraoperative CSF leakage and a lower number of instrumented spinal fusion levels than decompression levels were exacerbating factors for the neurological improvement in T-OPLL surgery.

14.
J Orthop Surg (Hong Kong) ; 27(3): 2309499019866965, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31466509

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Fragility hip fractures (FHFs) are associated with a high risk of mortality, but the relative contribution of various factors remains controversial. This study aimed to evaluate predictive factors of mortality at 1 year after discharge in Japan. METHODS: A total of 497 patients aged 60 years or older who sustained FHFs during follow-up were included in this study. Expected variables were finally assessed using multivariable Cox proportional hazards models. RESULTS: The 1-year mortality rate was 9.1% (95% confidence interval: 6.8-12.0%, n = 45). Log-rank test revealed that previous fractures (p = 0.003), Barthel index (BI) at discharge (p = 0.011), and place-to-discharge (p = 0.004) were significantly associated with mortality for male patients. Meanwhile, body mass index (BMI; p = 0.023), total Charlson comorbidity index (TCCI; p = 0.005), smoking (p = 0.007), length of hospital stay (LOS; p = 0.009), and BI (p = 0.004) were the counterparts for females. By multivariate analyses, previous vertebral fractures (hazard ratio (HR) 3.33; p = 0.044), and BI <30 (HR 5.42, p = 0.013) were the predictive variables of mortality for male patients. BMI <18.5 kg/m2 (HR 2.70, p = 0.023), TCCI ≥5 (HR 2.61, p = 0.032), smoking history (HR 3.59, p = 0.018), LOS <14 days (HR 13.9; p = 0.007), and BI <30 (HR 2.76; p = 0.049) were the counterparts for females. CONCLUSIONS: Previous vertebral fractures and BI <30 were the predictive variables of mortality for male patients, and BMI <18.5 kg/m2, TCCI ≥5, smoking history, LOS <14 days, and BI <30 were those for females. Decreased BI is one of the independent and preventable risk factors. A comprehensive therapeutic approach should be considered to prevent deterioration of activities of daily living and a higher risk of mortality.


Assuntos
Atividades Cotidianas , Fragilidade/mortalidade , Fraturas do Quadril/mortalidade , Alta do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Comorbidade , Feminino , Seguimentos , Fraturas do Quadril/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Japão/epidemiologia , Tempo de Internação/tendências , Masculino , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Taxa de Sobrevida/tendências , Fatores de Tempo
15.
Trauma Case Rep ; 20: 100169, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30809569

RESUMO

The incidence rate of bladder rupture associated with pelvic ring fractures is reported to be about 5-10%, mostly occurring at the time of injury. Fragility pelvic ring fractures are reported to increase fracture displacement or become nonunion if they are treated inadequately. Few case reports on bladder rupture associated with fragility pelvic ring fracture have been published. We report a rare case of delayed bladder rupture associated with a fragility fracture of the pelvis. A 65-year-old female felt right hip pain without sustaining any trauma. She was diagnosed with a right pubic rami fracture. However, her pain deteriorated, and a sacral fracture was identified one month later. She was prescribed teriparatide, but her pain worsened and she was referred to our hospital. She was diagnosed with fragility fracture of the pelvis (Rommens classification type IVb) and was treated operatively. During the surgery, her thin bladder wall, which was compressed by a displaced pubic fragment, was torn and repaired. This is the first report describing a fragility fracture of the pelvis associated with a bladder rupture. Our treatment led to a successful result.

16.
Plast Reconstr Surg ; 141(4): 1056-1062, 2018 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29595741

RESUMO

A well-organized, thoughtful study design is essential for creating an impactful study. However, pressures promoting high output from researchers can lead to rushed study proposals that overlook critical weaknesses in the study design that can affect the validity of the conclusions. Researchers can benefit from thorough review of past failed proposals when crafting new research ideas. Conceptual frameworks and root cause analysis are two innovative techniques that can be used during study development to identify flaws and prevent study failures. In addition, conceptual frameworks and root cause analysis can be combined to complement each other to provide both a big picture and detailed view of a study proposal. This article describes these two common analytical methods and provides an example of how they can be used to evaluate and improve a study design by critically examining a previous failed research idea.


Assuntos
Projetos de Pesquisa , Análise de Causa Fundamental , Humanos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos
17.
J Bone Miner Metab ; 36(5): 596-604, 2018 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29027045

RESUMO

Osteoporosis has become a worldwide public health problem, in part due to the fact that it increases the risk of fragility hip fractures (FHFs). The epidemiological assessment of FHFs is critical for their prevention; however, datasets for FHFs in Japan remain scarce. This was a multicenter, prospective, observational study in the northern district of Kyushu Island. Inclusion criteria were age > 60 years with a diagnosis of FHF and acquisition of clinical data by an electronic data capture system. Of 1294 registered patients, 1146 enrolled in the study. Nearly one third of patients (31.8%) had a history of previous fragility fractures. The percentage of patients receiving osteoporosis treatment on admission was 21.5%. Almost all patients underwent surgical treatment (99.1%), though fewer than 30% had surgery within 48 h after hospitalization. Bone mineral density (BMD) was evaluated during hospitalization in only 50.4% of patients. The rate of osteoporosis treatment increased from 21.5% on admission to 39.3% during hospitalization. The main reasons that prescribers did not administer osteoporosis treatment during hospitalization were forgetfulness (28.4%) and clinical judgment (13.6%). Age and female ratio were significantly higher in patients with previous FHFs than in those without. There was a significant difference in the rate of osteoporosis treatment or L-spine BMD values in patients with or without previous FHFs on admission. In conclusion, this study confirmed that the evaluation and treatment of osteoporosis and FHFs is still suboptimal in Japan, even in urban districts.


Assuntos
Registros Eletrônicos de Saúde , Fraturas do Quadril/epidemiologia , Osteoporose/epidemiologia , Sistema de Registros , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Densidade Óssea , Feminino , Fraturas do Quadril/fisiopatologia , Hospitalização , Humanos , Japão/epidemiologia , Masculino , Osteoporose/tratamento farmacológico , Osteoporose/fisiopatologia , Estudos Prospectivos
18.
Hand Clin ; 33(4): 593-605, 2017 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28991572

RESUMO

This article shows trends in triangular fibrocartilage complex (TFCC) repair since 1990 by geographic area and year. The repair methods presented in the literature were inside-out, outside-in, all-inside, and open repair. The outside-in technique was reported most often for ulnar-side tears, whereas the inside-out technique was reported most frequently for radial-side tears. Recently, a foveal reattachment technique for ulnar-side tears has garnered attention and has been reported with increasing frequency, especially in Asia, because the deepest portion of TFCC, attached to fovea, plays a key role in stabilizing the distal radioulnar joint. Understanding these trends can help clinicians best treat TFCC tears.


Assuntos
Fibrocartilagem Triangular/lesões , Fibrocartilagem Triangular/cirurgia , Artroscopia/métodos , Bibliometria , Humanos , Editoração/estatística & dados numéricos , Técnicas de Sutura , Fibrocartilagem Triangular/anatomia & histologia , Traumatismos do Punho/classificação , Traumatismos do Punho/cirurgia , Articulação do Punho/anatomia & histologia , Articulação do Punho/cirurgia
19.
Plast Reconstr Surg ; 140(5): 697e-708e, 2017 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29068932

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Evidence regarding the effectiveness of arthroscopic débridement for a triangular fibrocartilage complex tear is uncertain. The purpose of this study was to conduct a systematic review of outcomes to evaluate the effectiveness of débridement for triangular fibrocartilage complex tears. METHODS: The authors searched all available literature in the PubMed, Embase, and MEDLINE (Ovid) databases for articles reporting on triangular fibrocartilage complex tear débridement. Data collection included arc of motion, grip strength, patient-reported outcomes, and complications. RESULTS: A total of 1723 unique studies were identified, of which 18 studies met the authors' criteria. The mean before and after arc of wrist extension/flexion motion values were 120 and 146 degrees (six studies). The mean before and after grip strength values were 65 percent and 91 percent of the contralateral side (10 studies). Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder, and Hand scores (six studies) and pain visual analogue scale scores (seven studies) improved from 39 to 18, and from 7 to 3, respectively. The mean pain visual analogue scale score after débridement was 1.9 in the ulnar-positive group and 2.4 in the ulnar-neutral and ulnar-negative groups. Eighty-seven percent of patients returned to their original work. CONCLUSIONS: Patients reported reduced pain and improved functional and patient-reported outcomes after débridement of triangular fibrocartilage complex tears. Most patients after débridement returned to previous work, with few complications. Although some of these cases may require secondary procedures, simple débridement can be performed with suitable satisfactory outcomes for cases with any type of ulnar variance.


Assuntos
Artroscopia/métodos , Desbridamento/métodos , Fibrocartilagem Triangular/lesões , Traumatismos do Punho/cirurgia , Humanos , Medidas de Resultados Relatados pelo Paciente , Retorno ao Trabalho , Resultado do Tratamento , Fibrocartilagem Triangular/cirurgia
20.
Mod Rheumatol ; 26(1): 57-61, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26166491

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To retrospectively investigate the clinical and radiographic results of partial arthrodesis for the wrists with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS: Forty-one wrists with RA were treated by radiolunate (RL) or radiolunotriquetral (RLT) arthrodesis with ulnar head resection. The average follow-up period after surgery was 7.1 years. Preoperative radiographs of all wrists were classified according to Schulthess classification. We performed RL arthrodesis for all Type II (n = 26) and Type III wrists (n = 7), and RLT arthrodesis for Type III wrists (n = 8). Pre- and postoperative pain score (visual analog scale), grip strength, range of motion, and radiographic parameters were statistically compared. RESULTS: Pain scores in all groups were significantly improved at final follow-up (P < 0.05). Grip strength increased from 5.9 to 12.4 (kg) significantly in Type II wrists (P < 0.01), from 7.2 to 9.1 in Type III wrists after RLT arthrodesis, but decreased from 6.9 to 6.0 in Type III wrists after RL arthrodesis. In all groups, the arc of pronation and supination improved significantly (P < 0.05), and all radiographic parameters improved. CONCLUSIONS: RL arthrodesis for Type II wrists showed satisfactory clinical results. RLT arthrodesis would be a reliable method in case of unstable wrist joint.


Assuntos
Artrite Reumatoide/diagnóstico por imagem , Artrite Reumatoide/cirurgia , Articulação do Punho/diagnóstico por imagem , Artrodese/métodos , Feminino , Seguimentos , Força da Mão/fisiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Radiografia , Amplitude de Movimento Articular/fisiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Punho/diagnóstico por imagem , Punho/cirurgia , Articulação do Punho/cirurgia
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