Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 8 de 8
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
Arch. med ; 19(2): 197-207, 2019/07/30.
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-1022801

RESUMO

Objetivo: la finalidad de la presente investigación fue la de analizar las relaciones entre los constructos de la inteligencia emocional, el burnout, el engagement académico y el rendimiento escolar en 1756 estudiantes en etapa Secundaria de 9 centros educativos. Materiales y métodos: los instrumentos utilizados para dicho trabajo fueron las versiones traducidas al castellano del Traid Meta-Mood Scale-24 (TMMS-24), el Maslach Burnout Inventory­Student Survey (MBI-SS) y Utrecht Work Engagement Scale­Student (UWES-S). Por su parte, el rendimiento escolar se midió por medio de la nota media del alumnado. Resultados: los resultados arrojaron relaciones positivas de las variables más autodeterminadas como resultan la inteligencia emocional y el engagement académico con el rendimiento escolar en un claro patrón de conductas más adaptativas. Por otro lado, puntuaciones más bajas en inteligencia emocional y burnout académico correlacionaron con menores puntuaciones de rendimiento escolar. Conclusiones: se desprende la importancia de la promoción de variables emocionales en clase para facilitar comportamientos positivos y autodeterminados que faciliten el rendimiento del alumnado así como la prevención del burnout potenciando el desarrollo educativo de los mismos..(AU)


Objective: the aim of this research was to analyze the relationship between constructs of emotional intelligence, burnout, academic engagement and school performance in 1756 students in Secondary stage of 9 highschools. Materials and methods: the instruments used for this research were the spanish translated versions of Traid Meta-Mood Scale-24 (TMMS-24), the Maslach Burnout Inventory-Student Survey (MBI-SS) and Utrecht Work Engagement Scale-Student (UWES-S). On the other hand, the school performance was measured by means of the average mark of the students. Results:the results showed positive relationships of the most self-determined variables such as emotional intelligence and academic engagement with school performance in a clear pattern of more adaptive behaviors. On the other hand, lower scores in emotional intelligence and academic burnout correlated with lower school performance scores. Conclusions: the importance of the promotion of emotional variables in class to facilitate positive and self-determined behaviors that facilitate the performance of students as well as the prevention of burnout enhancing their educational development..(AU)


Assuntos
Adolescente , Adulto , Esgotamento Profissional , Inteligência Emocional , Desempenho Acadêmico
2.
Univ. psychol ; 16(1): 122-134, Jan.-Mar. 2017. graf, tab
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-904620

RESUMO

RESUMEN En los pacientes con diabetes tipo 2, el riesgo de sufrir algún tipo de malestar psicológico con síntomas de depresión y ansiedad, es aproximadamente el doble que en población normal. Cuando son síntomas relacionados con condiciones concomitantes, físicas y psicológicas deben ser tratados. El objetivo de este trabajo, fue examinar los efectos de un programa de ejercicios de fisioterapia y técnicas psicológicas, en el bienestar psíquico de una población diabética. El programa de 12 semanas se aplicó en 25 pacientes y se evaluaron: dolor, tensión arterial, antropometría, analítica sanguínea y bienestar psíquico (cuestionario de Goldberg de 28 ítems: GHQ-28). A pesar de la edad (84 % < de 65 años), solo el 12 % trabajaban, debido a su situación clínica de alto riesgo cardiovascular, presencia de comorbilidades (96 %) y dolor asociado. Todo ello afectaba negativamente el bienestar psíquico de los pacientes que puntuaron alto en el GHQ: disfunción social (14.8 ± 2.2), síntomas somáticos (13.5 ± 3.6), ansiedad e insomnio (11.9 ± 3.4) y depresión severa (9.2 ± 4.4). La situación clínica determinó el diseño del programa, que mostró gran eficacia terapéutica para el dolor y el aumento del bienestar psicológico, con gran repercusión en la puntuación total del GHQ, en los síntomas somáticos y en la disfunción social, aunque en la ansiedad e insomnio y la depresión los cambios fueron menores. En síntesis, el programa mejoró el bienestar físico y psíquico de la muestra, lo que aumenta la evidencia sobre la opción de incluir fisioterapia y psicología para tratar las circunstancias que causan malestar psíquico en la diabetes.


ABSTRACT Diabetic patients are around twice as likely to suffer from anxiety and depression symptoms as the general population. When these symptoms are related to concurrent conditions they should be treated. The objective of this study has been to examine the effects of a physical therapy exercises and psychological techniques program, in mental wellness of a diabetic population. The twelve weeks program was applied in 25 patients. Pain, arterial pressure, anthropometry, blood samples and mental wellness (with 28 items Goldberg questionnaire: GHQ-28) were evaluated. Though they were relatively young (84 % < than 65 years), only 12 % were working, due to the high cardiovascular risk clinical situation, the existence of comorbidities (96 %) and the associated pain. These facts negatively affected the mental wellness of the people, so they scored high in GHQ questionnaire: social dysfunction (14.8 ± 2.2), somatic symptoms (13.5 ± 3.6), anxiety and insomnia (11.9 ± 3.4) and severe depression (9.2 ± 4.4). The clinical situation determined the design of the program, which showed good treatment effects for pain and general mental wellness, with high effect sizes, in GHQ total score, in somatic symptoms and in social dysfunction, though in anxiety and insomnia and severe depression the effect size was small. In conclusion, the program improved physical and psychological wellness of our patients. The evidence for inclusion of physical therapy and psychology techniques in the management of concurrent conditions in diabetes, source of mental discomfort, had been reinforced.


Assuntos
Saúde Mental , Modalidades de Fisioterapia , Diabetes Mellitus/diagnóstico
3.
J Phys Ther Sci ; 28(4): 1392-7, 2016 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27190490

RESUMO

[Purpose] Ankylosing spondylitis is prevalent in men. Modern and expert consensus documents include physical therapy among the strategies for the treatment of ankylosing spondylitis. This study aimed to describe the physical therapy approach in an athlete with ankylosing spondylitis. [Subject and Methods] The patient, refractory to treatment with anti-inflammatory medication, showed pelvic and lumbar pain and joint, muscle, and functional disorders, which were treated with orthopedic joint mobilization, dry needling, exercise, and whole-body hyperthermia. [Results] After the treatment, pain relief, normal joint mobility, improved muscle function, and return to activities of daily living and competitive sporting activities were recorded. [Conclusion] The literature provides evidence for the use of joint mobilization techniques; however, no previous studies have used the same techniques and methods. There is no previous evidence for the use of dry needling in this pathology. Exercise therapy has a higher level of evidence, and guidelines with scientific support were followed. This research confirms the effectiveness of hyperthermia for arthritis. The early stage of ankylosing spondylitis, and the young age, good overall condition, and cooperative attitude of the patient led to positive outcomes. In conclusion, a favorable response that promoted the remission of the disease was observed.

4.
BMC Res Notes ; 7: 48, 2014 Jan 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24443817

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The multifactorial control of diabetes relies on interventions that provide patients with the best knowledge and resources available. The objective of this research was to analyze the clinical characteristics of a sample of people with type 2 diabetes at high cardiovascular risk, and establish possible links between disease control, family history and lifestyle, to improve the quality of interventions. Family history, lifestyle habits, blood pressure, anthropometric data and laboratory tests were analyzed in this descriptive and comparative cross-sectional study. RESULTS: All patients had a pathological body mass index (BMI), and in those patients with a family history of diabetes, the disease was more serious and onset was earlier. Overall, 70.9% were taking drugs for arterial blood pressure management, with mean values within recommended limits; 87.1% were taking antihyperlipidemic drugs and had mean values for blood lipids within reference range; 93.5% were receiving oral antidiabetic drugs and/or insulin and had blood glucose and glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) values higher than recommended limit; and 87% were taking antiplatelet drugs and had fibrinogen and ultrasensitive C-reactive protein higher than the normal range. High HbA1c values were found in a high proportion of our sample who were not following a tailored diet (84.2%), and better BMIs were associated with moderate physical activity. Coexistence of somatic disorders (97.4% of the sample with musculoskeletal diseases) could lead to the lack of physical activity. CONCLUSIONS: This sample of patients with type 2 diabetes and at high cardiovascular risk, had acceptable metabolic control, facilitated by drug therapy. Family history of diabetes was associated with earlier disease onset and worse disease progression. Patients who were not following a tailored diet had worse HbA1c values compared with those who were. Individuals who practiced moderate physical activity in line with international recommendations for weight maintenance had the best BMI values, but the high prevalence of comorbidities could adversely affect exercise habits. Appropriate use of medication, dietary advice, and tailored physiotherapy physical activity suitable for people with comorbidities should be included in multifactorial treatment strategies for these patients, particularly in the presence of a family history of diabetes.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares/epidemiologia , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/epidemiologia , Sobrepeso/epidemiologia , Idade de Início , Antropometria , Glicemia/análise , Proteína C-Reativa/análise , Comorbidade , Estudos Transversais , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/sangue , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/genética , Dieta , Feminino , Fibrinogênio/análise , Hemoglobina A Glicada/análise , Humanos , Hipertensão/epidemiologia , Insulina/sangue , Estilo de Vida , Lipídeos/sangue , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Atividade Motora , Obesidade/epidemiologia , Fatores de Risco , Espanha/epidemiologia
5.
Rev. logop. foniatr. audiol. (Ed. impr.) ; 30(2): 84-93, abr.-jun. 2010.
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-128957

RESUMO

El lenguaje en las personas con esquizofrenia presenta un deterioro, sobre todo en aspectos semánticos y pragmáticos, que afecta a la comunicación de estas personas. Se hace una revisión de las cuestiones más relevantes en este sentido. La base es aportar una explicación del porqué de las dificultades semánticas y pragmáticas, aun cuando el nivel morfológico y sintáctico se encuentran preservados (AU)


Language in people with schizophrenia deteriorates, especially semantic and pragmatic features, affecting communication in these individuals. The present article reviews the most important issues on this topic and aims to provide an explanation of the reasons for the semantic and pragmatic difficulties observed, even though morphological and syntactic features are preserved (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Esquizofrenia/epidemiologia , Transtornos Mentais/psicologia , Semântica , Linguagem , Fala/fisiologia , Psicologia do Esquizofrênico , Pessoas Mentalmente Doentes/psicologia , Comportamento Verbal/fisiologia
6.
Univ. psychol ; 9(2): 457-467, mayo 2010. ilus, tab
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: lil-575053

RESUMO

En este estudio se lleva a cabo una investigación sobre comorbilidad en los trastornos de personalidad en personas sin hogar. El objetivo del estudio era analizar si existe comorbilidad entre trastornos. Para ello, se lleva a cabo un estudio ex post facto, de carácter transversal, con una muestra de 91 pacientes, que cumplimentaron una entrevista semiestructurada y el MCMI II, en el transcurso de su tratamiento. Los resultados muestran como en un 40,66% de la muestra, coexisten 2 o más trastornos de personalidad al mismo tiempo, con una media de 2,06 TP por persona. Además, los trastornos de personalidad del grupo B: antisocial, límite, histriónico y narcisista, son los que presentan un mayor índice de comorbilidad. Por el contrario, trastornos de personalidad del grupo C: obsesivo-compulsivo, por evitación o por dependencia, a pesar de tener mayor presencia, apenas presentan comorbilidad con otros. Por último, se comentan la implicación que tiene este estudio en la práctica clínica y líneas futuras de investigación.


An investigation on comorbilidad in the personality upsets in homeless people takes effect in this study. The objective of the study was to examine if the comorbilidad among upsets exists. For it, a study takes effect ex post facto, of transverse character, with 91 patients’s sign, that a semi-structured interview and the MCMI paid a courteous visit to II, in the course of his treatment. The results evidence like in a 40.66% of sign, coexist 2 or more personality upsets simultaneously, with 2.06 TP’s sock apiece. Besides, the personality upsets of the group B: Antisocial, limit, little histrion and narcissist, music they who that they show comorbidity’s bigger index. On the contrary, personality upsets of the group C: The obsessed person compelled by a compulsion, for avoidance or for dependence, in spite of having principal witnesses, almost they show comorbilidad with others. Finally,they comment the implication that has this study at the practical clinic and future fact-finding lines.


Assuntos
Transtorno da Personalidade Antissocial , Comorbidade , Pessoas em Situação de Rua
7.
Int J Ment Health Syst ; 4: 7, 2010 Apr 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20409314

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The notion of stress in connection with the work environment became an important topic during the 1970's, when the first studies on the subject were published and the term of work stress was first coined. In 1974, Freudenberger proposed the term burnout to refer to the condition of physical and emotional exhaustion, as well as the associated negative attitudes, resulting from the intense interaction in working with people. The aim of our study is to examine burnout and job satisfaction in Saragossa University Services and Administration Staff (SAS) and detect the main factors which could contribute to too much stress, because job stress has emerged as a major psychosocial influence on mental health, associated with burnout. METHODS: 24 people from the Services and Administration Staff in the University of Saragossa participated in the study. The research was carried out during the implementation of a module on Stress Management organised by the University of Saragossa and commissioned to the Unit for Research in Physical Therapy (University School of Health Sciences) from that University. This research is an exploratory research to improve the stress management program. A personal interview was carried out and additionally, participants were given the Maslach Burnout Inventory and the Scale of Satisfaction at Work of Warr, Cook & Wall. RESULTS: However using small sample this is worth to state that participants present most of them low burnout levels in the burnout scale. Only in one person high exhaustion level was reflected, even though other seven showed mean levels; in the professional self-esteem section, most of them showed high self-esteem, with two cases of low self-esteem and five with mean level.With regard to satisfaction people participating in the study show mean levels in intrinsic as much as in extrinsic factors and general satisfaction. CONCLUSIONS: Services and Administration Staff from the University of Saragossa shows low burnout levels linked with high professional self-esteem and low emotional exhaustion and depersonalization.It has been found also medium levels in work satisfaction probably related with the continuous quality improvement efforts in the academics environment to create protective factors in decreasing levels of job stress.These results show that not only personality or temperament have an influence on burnout and stress, also the job conditions are related with these diseases. These aspects should be taken into account in the design of stress prevention programme at work.

8.
Int. j. psychol. psychol. ther. (Ed. impr.) ; 9(2): 275-283, jun. 2009. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-119616

RESUMO

This paper analyzes the relation between personality disorder and homeless condition. In order to achieve this objective, an ex post facto study was carried out. It had a prospective character, done with a sample of 77 patients who took part and gave answers in an interview and in the MCMI II along the period of treatment. The results indicates that 80,5% of the homeless engaged in the study shows one or more personality disturbances. The most outstanding disturbances are related to personalities with interpersonal problems: Antisocial, Narcissist and Dependent. Moreover, high scores on Alcohol Dependence, Delirious Disorder, as well as Compulsive TP can be appreciated. Homeless are clearly related to personality disturbances increasing the complexity of treatments, worsening the prognosis. Finally, we comment the relevance of the results of this study in practical intervention with this population and for future studies on this topics (AU)


En este artículo se analiza sobre la relación entre trastorno de personalidad y persona sin hogar. Para ello, se realizó un estudio ex post facto, de carácter prospectivo, con una muestra de 77 pacientes, que cumplimentaron una entrevista y el MCMI II en el trascurso de su tratamiento. Los resultados muestran que el 80,5% de las personas sin hogar participantes en el estudio, padecen uno o más trastornos de personalidad, estando relacionados los más prevalentes con las personalidades con problemas interpersonales: antisocial, narcisista y dependiente. Además se encuentran altas puntuaciones en dependencia del alcohol y trastorno delirante, así como en trastorno de la personalidad compulsivo. Como conclusiones que se extraen del estudio, es que detrás de las personas sin hogar, está la existencia de trastornos de personalidad, que complican el tratamiento, empeorandosu pronóstico. Por último, se comentan la implicación que tiene este estudio en lapráctica clínica y líneas futuras de investigación (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Pessoas em Situação de Rua/psicologia , Transtornos da Personalidade/psicologia , Psicometria/instrumentação , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Risco
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA