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1.
Blood ; 135(4): 274-286, 2020 Jan 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31738823

RESUMO

Pediatric large B-cell lymphomas (LBCLs) share morphological and phenotypic features with adult types but have better prognosis. The higher frequency of some subtypes such as LBCL with IRF4 rearrangement (LBCL-IRF4) in children suggests that some age-related biological differences may exist. To characterize the genetic and molecular heterogeneity of these tumors, we studied 31 diffuse LBCLs (DLBCLs), not otherwise specified (NOS); 20 LBCL-IRF4 cases; and 12 cases of high-grade B-cell lymphoma (HGBCL), NOS in patients ≤25 years using an integrated approach, including targeted gene sequencing, copy-number arrays, and gene expression profiling. Each subgroup displayed different molecular profiles. LBCL-IRF4 had frequent mutations in IRF4 and NF-κB pathway genes (CARD11, CD79B, and MYD88), losses of 17p13 and gains of chromosome 7, 11q12.3-q25, whereas DLBCL, NOS was predominantly of germinal center B-cell (GCB) subtype and carried gene mutations similar to the adult counterpart (eg, SOCS1 and KMT2D), gains of 2p16/REL, and losses of 19p13/CD70. A subset of HGBCL, NOS displayed recurrent alterations of Burkitt lymphoma-related genes such as MYC, ID3, and DDX3X and homozygous deletions of 9p21/CDKN2A, whereas other cases were genetically closer to GCB DLBCL. Factors related to unfavorable outcome were age >18 years; activated B-cell (ABC) DLBCL profile, HGBCL, NOS, high genetic complexity, 1q21-q44 gains, 2p16/REL gains/amplifications, 19p13/CD70 homozygous deletions, and TP53 and MYC mutations. In conclusion, these findings further unravel the molecular heterogeneity of pediatric and young adult LBCL, improve the classification of this group of tumors, and provide new parameters for risk stratification.

3.
Haematologica ; 104(9): 1822-1829, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30733272

RESUMO

Burkitt-like lymphoma with 11q aberration is characterized by pathological features and gene expression profile resembling those of Burkitt lymphoma but lacks the MYC rearrangement and carries an 11q-arm aberration with proximal gains and telomeric losses. Whether this lymphoma is a distinct category or a particular variant of other recognized entities is controversial. To improve the understanding of Burkitt-like lymphoma with 11q aberration we performed an analysis of copy number alterations and targeted sequencing of a large panel of B-cell lymphoma-related genes in 11 cases. Most patients had localized nodal disease and a favorable outcome after therapy. Histologically, they were high grade B-cell lymphoma, not otherwise specified (8 cases), diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (2 cases) and only one was considered as atypical Burkitt lymphoma. All cases had a germinal center B-cell signature and phenotype with frequent LMO2 expression. The patients with Burkitt-like lymphoma with 11q aberration had frequent gains of 12q12-q21.1 and losses of 6q12.1-q21, and lacked common Burkitt lymphoma or diffuse large B-cell lymphoma alterations. Potential driver mutations were found in 27 genes, particularly involving BTG2, DDX3X, ETS1, EP300, and GNA13 However, ID3, TCF3, or CCND3 mutations were absent in all cases. These results suggest that Burkitt-like lymphoma with 11q aberration is a germinal center-derived lymphoma closer to high-grade B-cell lymphoma or diffuse large B-cell lymphoma than to Burkitt lymphoma.

4.
Genes Chromosomes Cancer ; 58(6): 365-372, 2019 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30578714

RESUMO

Rare cases of hematological precursor neoplasms fulfill the diagnostic criteria of mixed phenotype acute leukemia (MPAL), characterized by expression patterns of at least two hematopoietic lineages, for which a highly aggressive behavior was reported. We present a series of 11 pediatric non-leukemic MPAL identified among 146 precursor lymphoblastic lymphomas included in the prospective trial Euro-LBL 02. Paraffin-embedded biopsies of 10 cases were suitable for molecular analyses using OncoScan assay (n = 7), fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH; n = 7) or both (n = 5). Except for one case with biallelic KMT2A (MLL) breaks, all cases analyzed by FISH lacked the most common translocations defining molecular subsets of lymphoblastic leukemia/lymphomas. Two non-leukemic B-myeloid MPALs showed the typical genomic profile of hyperdiploid precursor B-cell lymphoblastic leukemia with gains of chromosomes 4, 6, 10, 14, 18, and 21. One B-T MPAL showed typical aberrations of T-cell lymphoblastic lymphoma, such as copy number neutral loss of heterozygosity (CNN-LOH) at 9p targeting a 9p21.3 deletion of CDKN2A and 11q12.2-qter affecting the ATM gene. ATM was also mutated in a T-myeloid MPAL case with additional loss at 7q21.2-q36.3 and mutation of NRAS, two alterations common in myeloid disorders. No recurrent regions of CNN-LOH were observed. The outcome under treatment was good with all patients being alive in first complete remission after treatment according to a protocol for precursor lymphoblastic lymphoma (follow-up 3-10 years, median: 4.9 years). In summary, the present series of non-leukemic MPALs widely lacked recurrently reported translocations in lymphoid/myeloid neoplasias and showed heterogeneous spectrum of chromosomal imbalances.


Assuntos
Fenótipo , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/genética , Translocação Genética , Adolescente , Antineoplásicos/efeitos adversos , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Proteínas Mutadas de Ataxia Telangiectasia/genética , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Inibidor p16 de Quinase Dependente de Ciclina/genética , Feminino , GTP Fosfo-Hidrolases/genética , Instabilidade Genômica/efeitos dos fármacos , Histona-Lisina N-Metiltransferase/genética , Humanos , Masculino , Proteínas de Membrana/genética , Proteína de Leucina Linfoide-Mieloide/genética , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/tratamento farmacológico , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/patologia
6.
Blood ; 133(9): 940-951, 2019 02 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30538135

RESUMO

Mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) is characterized by the t(11;14)(q13;q32) translocation resulting in overexpression of cyclin D1. However, a small subset of cyclin D1- MCL has been recognized, and approximately one-half of them harbor CCND2 translocations while the primary event in cyclin D1-/D2- MCL remains elusive. To identify other potential mechanisms driving MCL pathogenesis, we investigated 56 cyclin D1-/SOX11+ MCL by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH), whole-genome/exome sequencing, and gene-expression and copy-number arrays. FISH with break-apart probes identified CCND2 rearrangements in 39 cases (70%) but not CCND3 rearrangements. We analyzed 3 of these negative cases by whole-genome/exome sequencing and identified IGK (n = 2) and IGL (n = 1) enhancer hijackings near CCND3 that were associated with cyclin D3 overexpression. By specific FISH probes, including the IGK enhancer region, we detected 10 additional cryptic IGK juxtapositions to CCND3 (6 cases) and CCND2 (4 cases) in MCL that overexpressed, respectively, these cyclins. A minor subset of 4 cyclin D1- MCL cases lacked cyclin D rearrangements and showed upregulation of CCNE1 and CCNE2. These cases had blastoid morphology, high genomic complexity, and CDKN2A and RB1 deletions. Both genomic and gene-expression profiles of cyclin D1- MCL cases were indistinguishable from cyclin D1+ MCL. In conclusion, virtually all cyclin D1- MCLs carry CCND2/CCND3 rearrangements with immunoglobulin genes, including a novel IGK/L enhancer hijacking mechanism. A subset of cyclin D1-/D2-/D3- MCL with aggressive features has cyclin E dysregulation. Specific FISH probes may allow the molecular identification and diagnosis of cyclin D1- MCL.


Assuntos
Ciclina D2/genética , Ciclina D3/genética , Elementos Facilitadores Genéticos , Rearranjo Gênico , Cadeias Leves de Imunoglobulina/genética , Linfoma de Célula do Manto/genética , Idoso , Ciclina D1/genética , Ciclina D1/metabolismo , Feminino , Humanos , Linfoma de Célula do Manto/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Fatores de Transcrição SOXC/genética , Translocação Genética
8.
PLoS One ; 13(10): e0205692, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30332465

RESUMO

In families at risk from monogenic diseases affected offspring, it is fundamental the development of a suitable Double Factor Preimplantation Genetic Testing (DF-PGT) method for both single-gene analysis and chromosome complement screening. Aneuploidy is not only a major issue in advanced-maternal-age patients and balanced translocation carriers, but also the aneuploidy rate is extremely high in patients undergoing in vitro fertilization (IVF), even in young donors. To adequate NGS technology to the DF-PGT strategy four different whole genome amplification systems (Sureplex, MALBAC, and two multiple displacement amplification systems-MDA) were tested using TruSight One panel on cell lines and blastocyst trophectoderm biopsies-TE. Embryo cytogenetic status was analyzed by Nexus software. Sureplex and MALBAC DNA products were considered not suitable for PGT diagnosis due to inconsistent and poor results on Trusight one (TSO) panel. Results obtained with both MDA based methods (GEH-MDA and RG-MDA) were appropriate for direct mutation detection by TSO NGS platform. Nevertheless, RG-MDA amplification products showed better coverage and lower ADO rates than GEH-MDA. The present work also demonstrates that the same TSO sequencing data is suitable not only for the direct mutation detection, but also for the indirect mutation detection by linkage analysis of informative SNPs. The present work also demonstrates that Nexus software is competent for the detection of CNV by using with TSO sequencing data from RG-MDA products, allowing for the whole cytogenetic characterization of the embryos. In conclusion, successfully development of an innovative and promising DF-PGT strategy using TSO-NGS technology in TE biopsies, performed in-house in a single laboratory experience, has been done in the present work. Additional studies should be performed before it could be used as a diagnostic alternative in order to validate this approach for the detection of chromosomal aneuploidies.


Assuntos
Aneuploidia , Análise Citogenética/métodos , Doenças Genéticas Inatas/diagnóstico , Testes Genéticos/métodos , Diagnóstico Pré-Implantação/métodos , Blastocisto , Linhagem Celular , Cromossomos/genética , Transferência Embrionária/métodos , Análise Fatorial , Feminino , Fertilização In Vitro/métodos , Doenças Genéticas Inatas/genética , Doenças Genéticas Inatas/prevenção & controle , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala/métodos , Humanos , Gravidez , Software , Sequenciamento Completo do Genoma
9.
Mod Pathol ; 31(5): 732-743, 2018 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29327714

RESUMO

We previously described a subset of MYC translocation-negative aggressive B-cell lymphomas resembling Burkitt lymphoma, characterized by proximal gains and distal losses in chromosome 11. In the 2016 WHO classification, these MYC-negative lymphomas were recognized as a new provisional entity, 'Burkitt-like lymphoma with 11q aberration'. Here we present an immunophenotype analysis of Burkitt-like lymphomas with 11q aberration. Cells were acquired by fine needle aspiration biopsy from 10 young adult patients, 80% of whom presented recurrence-free 5-year survival. Twenty-three MYC-positive Burkitt lymphomas, including three carrying both MYC rearrangement and 11q aberration, served as controls. By immunohistochemistry, all Burkitt-like lymphomas with 11q aberration were CD20+/CD10+/BCL6+/BCL2-/MUM1-/MYC+/EBV-, usually LMO2+/CD44-/CD43- and sometimes CD56+, and showed high proliferation rate. By flow cytometry, Burkitt-like lymphoma with 11q aberration immunophenotypically resembled MYC-positive Burkitt lymphoma, except for significantly (adjusted P<0.001) more frequent CD38higher expression in Burkitt lymphoma (91% MYC-positive Burkitt lymphoma vs 10% Burkitt-like lymphoma with 11q aberration), more frequently diminished CD45 expression in Burkitt lymphoma (74% vs 10%), an exclusive CD16/CD56 and highly restricted CD8 expression in Burkitt-like lymphoma with 11q aberration (60% vs 0% and 40% vs 4%, respectively). We showed high diagnostic accuracy and effectiveness of flow cytometry in Burkitt lymphoma. CD16/CD56 expression without CD38higher and the lack of CD16/CD56 with CD38higher expression proves to be a reliable, fast, and cost-effective method for diagnosing 11q aberration and MYC rearrangements in CD10(+) aggressive lymphomas, respectively. In addition, we confirmed a pattern of an inverted duplication with telomeric loss of 11q, as a recurrent 11q abnormality, but one case presented alternative changes, possibly resulting in an equivalent molecular effect. Our findings reveal similarities along with subtle but essential differences in the immunophenotype of Burkitt-like lymphoma with 11q aberration and MYC-positive Burkitt lymphoma, important for the differential diagnosis, but also for understanding the pathogenesis of Burkitt-like lymphoma with 11q aberration.


Assuntos
Linfoma de Burkitt/genética , Aberrações Cromossômicas , Cromossomos Humanos Par 11/genética , Imunofenotipagem , Linfoma de Células B/genética , Adulto , Biópsia por Agulha Fina , Linfoma de Burkitt/diagnóstico , Linfoma de Burkitt/imunologia , Linfoma de Burkitt/patologia , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Citometria de Fluxo , Genes myc , Humanos , Cariotipagem , Linfonodos/patologia , Linfoma de Células B/diagnóstico , Linfoma de Células B/imunologia , Linfoma de Células B/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Tonsila Palatina/patologia , Adulto Jovem
11.
Blood ; 130(3): 323-327, 2017 07 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28533310

RESUMO

Pediatric-type follicular lymphoma (PTFL) is a B-cell lymphoma with distinctive clinicopathological features. Recently, recurrent genetic alterations of potential importance for its pathogenesis that disrupt pathways associated with the germinal center reaction (TNFRSF14, IRF8), immune escape (TNFRSF14), and anti-apoptosis (MAP2K1) have been described. In an attempt to shed more light onto the pathogenesis of PTFL, an integrative analysis of these mutations was undertaken in a large cohort of 43 cases previously characterized by targeted next-generation sequencing and copy number array. Mutations in MAP2K1 were found in 49% (20/41) of the cases, second in frequency to TNFRSF14 alterations (22/41; 54%), and all together were present in 81% of the cases. Immunohistochemical analysis of the MAP2K1 downstream target extracellular signal-regulated kinase demonstrated its phosphorylation in the evaluable cases and revealed a good correlation with the allelic frequency of the MAP2K1 mutation. The IRF8 p.K66R mutation was present in 15% (6/39) of the cases and was concomitant with TNFRSF14 mutations in 4 cases. This hot spot seems to be highly characteristic for PTFL. In conclusion, TNFRSF14 and MAP2K1 mutations are the most frequent genetic alterations found in PTFL and occur independently in most cases, suggesting that both mutations might play an important role in PTFL lymphomagenesis.


Assuntos
Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Fatores Reguladores de Interferon/genética , Linfoma Folicular/genética , MAP Quinase Quinase 1/genética , Proteína Quinase 1 Ativada por Mitógeno/genética , Proteína Quinase 3 Ativada por Mitógeno/genética , Membro 14 de Receptores do Fator de Necrose Tumoral/genética , Alelos , Carcinogênese/genética , Carcinogênese/metabolismo , Carcinogênese/patologia , Criança , Variações do Número de Cópias de DNA , Feminino , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Frequência do Gene , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala , Humanos , Fatores Reguladores de Interferon/metabolismo , Linfoma Folicular/diagnóstico , Linfoma Folicular/metabolismo , Linfoma Folicular/patologia , MAP Quinase Quinase 1/metabolismo , Masculino , Análise em Microsséries , Proteína Quinase 1 Ativada por Mitógeno/metabolismo , Proteína Quinase 3 Ativada por Mitógeno/metabolismo , Mutação , Fosforilação , Membro 14 de Receptores do Fator de Necrose Tumoral/metabolismo
12.
Am J Surg Pathol ; 41(7): 877-886, 2017 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28288039

RESUMO

MYC translocation is a defining feature of Burkitt lymphoma (BL), and the new category of high-grade B-cell lymphomas with MYC and BCL2 and/or BCL6 translocations, and occurs in 6% to 15% of diffuse large B-cell lymphomas (DLBCLs). The low incidence of MYC translocations in DLBCL makes the genetic study of all these lymphomas cumbersome. Strategies based on an initial immunophenotypic screening to select cases with a high probability of carrying the translocation may be useful. LMO2 is a germinal center marker expressed in most lymphomas originated in these cells. Mining gene expression profiling studies, we observed LMO2 downregulation in BL and large B-cell lymphoma (LBCL) with MYC translocations, and postulated that LMO2 protein expression could assist to identify such cases. We analyzed LMO2 protein expression in 46 BLs and 284 LBCL. LMO2 was expressed in 1/46 (2%) BL cases, 146/268 (54.5%) DLBCL cases, and 2/16 (12.5%) high-grade B-cell lymphoma cases with MYC and BCL2 and/or BCL6 translocations. All BLs carried MYC translocation (P<0.001), whereas LMO2 was only positive in 6/42 (14%) LBCL with MYC translocation (P<0.001). The relationship between LMO2 negativity and MYC translocation was further analyzed in different subsets of tumors according to CD10 expression and cell of origin. Lack of LMO2 expression was associated with the detection of MYC translocations with high sensitivity (87%), specificity (87%), positive predictive value and negative predictive value (74% and 94%, respectively), and accuracy (87%) in CD10 LBCL. Comparing LMO2 and MYC protein expression, all statistic measures of performance of LMO2 surpassed MYC in CD10 LBCL. These findings suggest that LMO2 loss may be a good predictor for the presence of MYC translocation in CD10 LBCL.


Assuntos
Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transdução de Sinal/metabolismo , Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Linfoma de Burkitt/metabolismo , Genes myc , Proteínas com Domínio LIM/metabolismo , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas/metabolismo , Translocação Genética , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Linfoma de Burkitt/genética , Linfoma de Burkitt/patologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/genética , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
13.
Histopathology ; 70(4): 595-621, 2017 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27775850

RESUMO

AIMS: We aimed to define the clinicopathological characteristics of 29 primary sinonasal diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCLsn ) in a series of 240 cases of DLBCL not otherwise specified [DLBCLall (NOS) ], including DLBCLsn training set (n = 11) and validation set (n = 18), and DLBCLnon-sn (n = 211). METHODS AND RESULTS: In the training set, 82% had a non-germinal center B-cell-like (Hans' Classifier) (non-GCB) phenotype and 18% were Epstein-Barr virus-encoded small RNAs (EBER)+ . The genomic profile showed gains(+) of 1q21.3q31.2 (55%), 10q24.1 (46%), 11q14.1 (46%) and 18q12.1q23 (46%); losses(-) of 6q26q27 (55%) and 9p21.3 (64%); and copy number neutral loss of heterozygosity (LOH) (acquired uniparental disomy, UPD) at 6p25.3p21.31 (36%). This profile is comparable to DLBCLNOS (GSE11318, n = 203.) and closer to non-GCB/activated B-cell-like subtype (ABC). Nevertheless, +1q31, -9p21.3 and -10q11.1q26.2 were more characteristic of DLBCLsn (P < 0.001). Array results were verified successfully by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) on +1q21.3 (CKS1B), -6q26 (PARK2), +8q24.21 (MYC), -9p21.3 (MTAP, CDKN2A/B), -17p13.1 (TP53) and +18q21.33 (BCL2) with 82-91% agreement. Minimal common regions included biologically relevant genes of MNDA (+1q23.1), RGS1 and RGS13 (+1q31.2), FOXP1 (+3p13), PRDM1 (BLIMP1) and PARK2 (-6q21q26), MYC (+8q24.21), CDKN2A (-9p21.3), PTEN (-10q23.31), MDM2 (+12q15), TP53 (-17p13.1) and BCL2 (+18q21.33). Correlation between DNA copy number and protein immunohistochemistry was confirmed for RGS1, RGS13, FOXP1, PARK2 and BCL2. The microenvironment had high infiltration of M2-like tumour associated macrophages (TAMs) and CD8+ T lymphocytes that associated with higher genomic instability. The DLBCLsn validation set confirmed the clinicopathological characteristics, all FISH loci and immunohistochemistry (IHC) for RGS1. RGS1, one of the most frequently altered genes, was analysed by IHC in DLBCLall and high RGS1 expression associated with non-GCB, EBER+ and unfavourable overall survival (hazard ratio = 1.794; P = 0.016). CONCLUSIONS: DLBCLsn has a characteristic genomic profile. High RGS1 IHC expression associates with poor overall survival in DLBCLall (NOS) .


Assuntos
Cromossomos Humanos Par 1/genética , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/genética , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/patologia , Proteínas RGS/genética , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Biomarcadores Tumorais/análise , Feminino , Dosagem de Genes , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Processamento de Imagem Assistida por Computador , Imuno-Histoquímica , Hibridização in Situ Fluorescente , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Perda de Heterozigosidade , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/mortalidade , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise de Sequência com Séries de Oligonucleotídeos , Prognóstico , Transcriptoma
14.
Cancer Cell ; 30(5): 806-821, 2016 Nov 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27846393

RESUMO

We analyzed the in silico purified DNA methylation signatures of 82 mantle cell lymphomas (MCL) in comparison with cell subpopulations spanning the entire B cell lineage. We identified two MCL subgroups, respectively carrying epigenetic imprints of germinal-center-inexperienced and germinal-center-experienced B cells, and we found that DNA methylation profiles during lymphomagenesis are largely influenced by the methylation dynamics in normal B cells. An integrative epigenomic approach revealed 10,504 differentially methylated regions in regulatory elements marked by H3K27ac in MCL primary cases, including a distant enhancer showing de novo looping to the MCL oncogene SOX11. Finally, we observed that the magnitude of DNA methylation changes per case is highly variable and serves as an independent prognostic factor for MCL outcome.


Assuntos
Metilação de DNA , Elementos Facilitadores Genéticos , Epigenômica/métodos , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala/métodos , Linfoma de Célula do Manto/genética , Linfócitos B/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Linhagem da Célula , Simulação por Computador , Epigênese Genética , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Fatores de Transcrição SOXC/genética
15.
Cell Rep ; 16(8): 2061-2067, 2016 08 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27524613

RESUMO

Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) is an adult B cell malignancy. Genome-wide association studies show that variation at 15q15.1 influences CLL risk. We deciphered the causal variant at 15q15.1 and the mechanism by which it influences tumorigenesis. We imputed all possible genotypes across the locus and then mapped highly associated SNPs to areas of chromatin accessibility, evolutionary conservation, and transcription factor binding. SNP rs539846 C>A, the most highly associated variant (p = 1.42 × 10(-13), odds ratio = 1.35), localizes to a super-enhancer defined by extensive histone H3 lysine 27 acetylation in intron 3 of B cell lymphoma 2 (BCL2)-modifying factor (BMF). The rs539846-A risk allele alters a conserved RELA-binding motif, disrupts RELA binding, and is associated with decreased BMF expression in CLL. These findings are consistent with rs539846 influencing CLL susceptibility through differential RELA binding, with direct modulation of BMF expression impacting on anti-apoptotic BCL2, a hallmark of oncogenic dependency in CLL.


Assuntos
Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transdução de Sinal/genética , Elementos Facilitadores Genéticos , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Leucemia Linfocítica Crônica de Células B/genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-2/genética , Fator de Transcrição RelA/genética , Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transdução de Sinal/metabolismo , Alelos , Linfócitos B/metabolismo , Linfócitos B/patologia , Sítios de Ligação , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Cromatina/química , Cromatina/metabolismo , Mapeamento Cromossômico , Cromossomos Humanos Par 15 , Loci Gênicos , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Histonas/genética , Histonas/metabolismo , Humanos , Leucemia Linfocítica Crônica de Células B/metabolismo , Leucemia Linfocítica Crônica de Células B/patologia , Razão de Chances , Ligação Proteica , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-2/metabolismo , Risco , Fator de Transcrição RelA/metabolismo
16.
Blood ; 128(8): 1101-11, 2016 08 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27257180

RESUMO

Pediatric-type follicular lymphoma (PTFL) is a variant of follicular lymphoma (FL) with distinctive clinicopathological features. Patients are predominantly young males presenting with localized lymphadenopathy; the tumor shows high-grade cytology and lacks both BCL2 expression and t(14;18) translocation. The genetic alterations involved in the pathogenesis of PTFL are unknown. Therefore, 42 PTFL (40 males and 2 females; mean age, 16 years; range, 5-31) were genetically characterized. For comparison, 11 cases of conventional t(14:18)(-) FL in adults were investigated. Morphologically, PTFL cases had follicular growth pattern without diffuse areas and characteristic immunophenotype. All cases showed monoclonal immunoglobulin (IG) rearrangement. PTFL displays low genomic complexity when compared with t(14;18)(-) FL (mean, 0.77 vs 9 copy number alterations per case; P <001). Both groups presented 1p36 alterations including TNFRSF14, but copy-number neutral loss of heterozygosity (CNN-LOH) of this locus was more frequently observed in PTFL (40% vs 9%; P =075). TNFRSF14 was the most frequently affected gene in PTFL (21 mutations and 2 deletions), identified in 54% of cases, followed by KMT2D mutations in 16%. Other histone-modifying genes were rarely affected. In contrast, t(14;18)(-) FL displayed a mutational profile similar to t(14;18)(+) FL. In 8 PTFL cases (19%), no genetic alterations were identified beyond IG monoclonal rearrangement. The genetic landscape of PTFL suggests that TNFRSF14 mutations accompanied by CNN-LOH of the 1p36 locus in over 70% of mutated cases, as additional selection mechanism, might play a key role in the pathogenesis of this disease. The genetic profiles of PTFL and t(14;18)(-) FL in adults indicate that these are two different disorders.


Assuntos
Predisposição Genética para Doença , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Linfoma Folicular/genética , Mutação/genética , Membro 14 de Receptores do Fator de Necrose Tumoral/genética , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Cromossomos Humanos Par 14/genética , Cromossomos Humanos Par 18/genética , Células Clonais , Análise Citogenética , Variações do Número de Cópias de DNA/genética , Análise Mutacional de DNA , Éxons/genética , Feminino , Humanos , Hibridização in Situ Fluorescente , Perda de Heterozigosidade/genética , Linfoma Folicular/patologia , Masculino , Pseudolinfoma , Translocação Genética , Adulto Jovem
17.
Clin Nutr ; 35(6): 1442-1449, 2016 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27087650

RESUMO

BACKGROUND & AIMS: Few studies have assessed the association between consumption of red meat (RM) and processed red meats (PRM) and the incidence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) and results have been inconsistent. We investigated associations between total consumption of meat and its subtypes and incident MetS and estimated the effect of substituting RM or PRM for alternative protein-rich foods. METHODS: We analyzed 1868 participants (55-80 years-old) recruited into the PREDIMED study who had no MetS at baseline and were followed for a median of 3.2 years. MetS was defined using updated harmonized criteria. Anthropometric variables, dietary habits, and blood biochemistry were determined at baseline and yearly thereafter. Multivariable-adjusted hazard ratios (HRs) of MetS were estimated for the two upper tertiles (versus the lowest one) of mean consumption of meat and its subtypes during the follow-up as exposure. RESULTS: Comparing the highest vs the lowest tertile of consumption, we observed an increased risk of MetS incidence, with HRs of 1.23 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.03-1.45) and 1.46 (CI: 1.22-1.74) for total meat and pooled RM and PRM, respectively. Compared with participants in the lowest tertile, those in the highest tertile of poultry and rabbit consumption had a lower risk of MetS incidence. The risk of MetS was lower when one-serving/day of RM or PRM was replaced by legumes, poultry and rabbit, fish or eggs. CONCLUSION: RM and PRM consumption was associated with higher risk of MetS. Replacing RM or PRM with other protein-rich foods related to a lower risk of MetS and should, therefore, be encouraged. This trial was registered at controlled-trials.com as ISRCTN35739639.


Assuntos
Ovos , Fabaceae , Carne , Síndrome Metabólica/epidemiologia , Síndrome Metabólica/prevenção & controle , Alimentos Marinhos , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Animais , Feminino , Peixes , Seguimentos , Humanos , Incidência , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Avaliação Nutricional , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Carne Vermelha , Fatores de Risco
18.
Blood ; 127(17): 2122-30, 2016 04 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26837699

RESUMO

Genomic studies have revealed the complex clonal heterogeneity of chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL). The acquisition and selection of genomic aberrations may be critical to understanding the progression of this disease. In this study, we have extensively characterized the mutational status of TP53, SF3B1, BIRC3, NOTCH1, and ATM in 406 untreated CLL cases by ultra-deep next-generation sequencing, which detected subclonal mutations down to 0.3% allele frequency. Clonal dynamics were examined in longitudinal samples of 48 CLL patients. We identified a high proportion of subclonal mutations, isolated or associated with clonal aberrations. TP53 mutations were present in 10.6% of patients (6.4% clonal, 4.2% subclonal), ATM mutations in 11.1% (7.8% clonal, 1.3% subclonal, 2% germ line mutations considered pathogenic), SF3B1 mutations in 12.6% (7.4% clonal, 5.2% subclonal), NOTCH1 mutations in 21.8% (14.2% clonal, 7.6% subclonal), and BIRC3 mutations in 4.2% (2% clonal, 2.2% subclonal). ATM mutations, clonal SF3B1, and both clonal and subclonal NOTCH1 mutations predicted for shorter time to first treatment irrespective of the immunoglobulin heavy-chain variable-region gene (IGHV) mutational status. Clonal and subclonal TP53 and clonal NOTCH1 mutations predicted for shorter overall survival together with the IGHV mutational status. Clonal evolution in longitudinal samples mainly occurred in cases with mutations in the initial samples and was observed not only after chemotherapy but also in untreated patients. These findings suggest that the characterization of the subclonal architecture and its dynamics in the evolution of the disease may be relevant for the management of CLL patients.


Assuntos
Proteínas Mutadas de Ataxia Telangiectasia/genética , Genes p53 , Proteínas Inibidoras de Apoptose/genética , Leucemia Linfocítica Crônica de Células B/genética , Proteínas de Neoplasias/genética , Fosfoproteínas/genética , Fatores de Processamento de RNA/genética , Receptor Notch1/genética , Ubiquitina-Proteína Ligases/genética , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Proteínas Mutadas de Ataxia Telangiectasia/fisiologia , Proteína 3 com Repetições IAP de Baculovírus , Células Clonais , Análise Mutacional de DNA , Progressão da Doença , Evolução Molecular , Feminino , Humanos , Proteínas Inibidoras de Apoptose/fisiologia , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Leucemia Linfocítica Crônica de Células B/terapia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mutação , Proteínas de Neoplasias/fisiologia , Células-Tronco Neoplásicas , Fosfoproteínas/fisiologia , Prognóstico , Fatores de Processamento de RNA/fisiologia , Receptor Notch1/fisiologia , Tempo para o Tratamento , Resultado do Tratamento , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/fisiologia , Ubiquitina-Proteína Ligases/fisiologia , Adulto Jovem
19.
Am J Surg Pathol ; 40(2): 192-201, 2016 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26426381

RESUMO

Splenic diffuse red pulp small B-cell lymphoma (SDRPL) is considered an indolent neoplasm and its pathogenesis is not well known. We investigated the molecular characteristics of 19 SDRPL patients, 5 of them with progressive disease. IGHV genes were mutated in 9/13 (69%). Cytogenetic and molecular studies identified complex karyotypes in 2 cases, and IGH rearrangements in 3, with PAX5 and potentially TCL1 as partners in each one of them. Copy number arrays showed aberrations in 69% of the tumors, including recurrent losses of 10q23, 14q31-q32, and 17p13 in 3, and 9p21 in 2 cases. Deletion of 7q31.3-q32.3 was present in only 1 case and no trisomies 3 or 18 were detected. NOTCH1 and MAP2K1 were mutated in 2 cases each, whereas BRAF, TP53, and SF3B1 were mutated each in single cases. No mutations were found in NOTCH2 or MYD88. Four of the 5 patients with aggressive disease had mutations in NOTCH1 (2 cases), TP53 (1 case), and MAP2K1 (1 case). The progression-free survival of patients with mutated genes was significantly shorter than in the unmutated (P=0.011). These findings show that SDRPL share some mutated genes but not chromosomal alterations, with other splenic lymphomas, that may confer a more aggressive behavior.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Linfoma de Células B/genética , MAP Quinase Quinase 1/genética , Mutação , Receptor Notch1/genética , Neoplasias Esplênicas/genética , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/genética , Adulto , Idoso , Biomarcadores Tumorais/análise , Biópsia , Chile , Variações do Número de Cópias de DNA , Análise Mutacional de DNA , Progressão da Doença , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Europa (Continente) , Feminino , Deleção de Genes , Dosagem de Genes , Rearranjo Gênico , Genes de Cadeia Pesada de Imunoglobulina , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Hibridização in Situ Fluorescente , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Linfoma de Células B/química , Linfoma de Células B/patologia , Linfoma de Células B/terapia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Técnicas de Diagnóstico Molecular , Fenótipo , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Fatores de Risco , Neoplasias Esplênicas/química , Neoplasias Esplênicas/patologia , Neoplasias Esplênicas/terapia , Fatores de Tempo
20.
Eur J Cancer Prev ; 25(6): 524-32, 2016 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26633163

RESUMO

The objective of this study was to evaluate the prospective associations between dietary glycemic index (GI) and glycemic load (GL) and the risk for invasive breast cancer incidence in postmenopausal women at high cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk. This study was conducted within the framework of the PREvención con DIeta MEDiterránea (PREDIMED) study, a nutritional intervention trial for primary cardiovascular prevention. We included 4010 women aged between 60 and 80 years who were initially free from breast cancer but at high risk for CVD disease. Dietary information was collected using a validated 137-item food frequency questionnaire. We assigned GI values using the International Tables of GI and GL values. Cases were ascertained through yearly consultation of medical records and through consultation of the National Death Index. Only cases confirmed by results from cytology tests or histological evaluation were included. We estimated multivariable-adjusted hazard ratios for invasive breast cancer risk across tertiles of energy-adjusted dietary GI/GL using Cox regression models. We repeated our analyses using yearly repeated measures of GI/GL intakes. No associations were found between baseline dietary GI/GL and invasive breast cancer incidence. The multivariable hazard ratio and 95% confidence interval (CI) for the top tertile of dietary GI was 1.02 (95% CI: 0.42-2.46) and for dietary GL was 1.00 (95% CI: 0.44-2.30) when compared with the bottom tertile. Repeated-measures analyses yielded similar results. In sensitivity analyses, no significant associations were observed for women with obesity or diabetes. Dietary GI and GL did not appear to be associated with an increased risk for invasive breast cancer in postmenopausal women at high CVD risk.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/epidemiologia , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Índice Glicêmico , Carga Glicêmica , Pós-Menopausa , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Biomarcadores Tumorais , Índice de Massa Corporal , Dieta Mediterrânea , Europa (Continente)/epidemiologia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Incidência , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Invasividade Neoplásica , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Risco
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