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1.
Clin Rehabil ; : 2692155211036956, 2021 Aug 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34344230

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To find and compare the clinical and psychological effects of low and high-intensity aerobic training combined with resistance training in community-dwelling older men with post-COVID-19 sarcopenia symptoms. DESIGN: Randomized control trial. SETTING: University physiotherapy clinic. PARTICIPANTS: Men in the age range of 60-80 years with post-COVID-19 Sarcopenia. INTERVENTION: All participants received resistance training for whatever time of the day that they received it, and that in addition they were randomized into two groups like low-intensity aerobic training group (n = 38) and high-intensity aerobic training group (n = 38) for 30 minutes/session, 1 session/day, 4 days/week for 8 weeks. OUTCOMES: Clinical (muscle strength and muscle mass) and psychological (kinesiophobia and quality of life scales) measures were measured at the baseline, fourth week, the eighth week, and at six months follow-up. RESULTS: The 2 × 4 group by time repeated measures MANOVA with corrected post-hoc tests for six dependent variables shows a significant difference between the groups (P < 0.001). At the end of six months follow up, the handgrip strength, -3.9 (95% CI -4.26 to -3.53), kinesiophobia level 4.7 (95% CI 4.24 to 5.15), and quality of life -10.4 (95% CI -10.81 to -9.9) shows more improvement (P < 0.001) in low-intensity aerobic training group than high-intensity aerobic training group, but in muscle mass both groups did not show any significant difference (P > 0.05). CONCLUSION: Low-intensity aerobic training exercises are more effective in improving the clinical (muscle strength) and psychological (kinesiophobia and quality of life) measures than high-intensity aerobic training in post-COVID 19 Sarcopenia.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34422082

RESUMO

Results: The results of the a-ACLR, c-ACLR, and control groups were compared. At 8 weeks following postoperative rehabilitation, the a-ACLR group shows more significant changes than the c-ACLR group (p < 0.001). At 6 and 12 months, there are normal values of kinematic and kinetic values in a-ACLR compared with the results of the control group (p < 0.001). Conclusion: The study showed that postoperative rehabilitation provides significant effects in the kinematic, kinetic, and EMG gait parameters in acute ACLR than chronic ACLR subjects. Early surgical intervention and postrehabilitation are mandatory to get the significant effects in the clinical parameters in acute and chronic ACL injury.

3.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(21): e26176, 2021 May 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34032779

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: We aimed to establish the local prevalence of musculoskeletal pain among faculty members in Saudi Arabia and describe the patient's risk factors and preventive measures that may reduce its burden.An observational, quantitative, cross-sectional study was carried out to evaluate the prevalence of musculoskeletal pain and its risk factors among male faculty members in the College of Medicine and Dentistry, using a designed questionnaire based on the Standardized Nordic Musculoskeletal Questionnaire. Chi-square testing at a significance level of P < .05, was used for comparative analysis. SPSS version 26 was used for all analyses.Ninety responders participated in the survey analysis. The prevalence of musculoskeletal pain among faculty members was 77.8%, and the most common site of musculoskeletal pain occurred at two different sites of the three (low back, neck, and shoulder), with a prevalence of 38.9%. As for risk factors of musculoskeletal pain, only age group showed a significant correlation with the site of musculoskeletal pain (P = .024), where patients in the younger age group (25-35 years old) were at higher risk of lower back pain, while participants in the older age group (36 to 44 years old and 45 years or older) were at higher risk of musculoskeletal pain in two different sites.Musculoskeletal pain affects more than two-thirds of faculty members. In particular, low back pain is a common problem among faculty members. Age is a significant risk factor for the occurrence of musculoskeletal pain, with more than one site involvement in older age.


Assuntos
Docentes de Odontologia/estatística & dados numéricos , Dor Musculoesquelética/epidemiologia , Doenças Profissionais/epidemiologia , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Dor Lombar/epidemiologia , Dor Lombar/prevenção & controle , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Dor Musculoesquelética/prevenção & controle , Cervicalgia/epidemiologia , Cervicalgia/prevenção & controle , Doenças Profissionais/prevenção & controle , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco , Arábia Saudita/epidemiologia , Dor de Ombro/epidemiologia , Dor de Ombro/prevenção & controle
4.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(11): e25196, 2021 Mar 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33726013

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: The aim of the study was to study sonoelastographic features of thesartorius muscle, and its relation to the demographic factors.The study included 70 muscles in 35 healthy subjects. High-resolution ultrasound and shearwave elastography were used to evaluate the sartorius muscle. Stiffness values were measured.The mean shear elastic modulus of the sartorius muscle was 21.96 ±â€Š5.1 kPa. Demographic factors showed no relation to the elastic modulus of the left sartorius muscle. Positive statistical correlation was noted between the elastic modulus of the right sartorius muscle, weight, and body mass index.Our results could be a reference point for evaluating sartorius muscle stiffness in future research considering different pathologies.


Assuntos
Módulo de Elasticidade , Técnicas de Imagem por Elasticidade/estatística & dados numéricos , Músculo Esquelético/diagnóstico por imagem , Coxa da Perna/diagnóstico por imagem , Ultrassonografia/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Técnicas de Imagem por Elasticidade/métodos , Feminino , Voluntários Saudáveis , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valores de Referência , Ultrassonografia/métodos , Adulto Jovem
5.
Dis Markers ; 2021: 8866093, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33628339

RESUMO

Sarcopenia is the most common feature of hepatic cirrhosis characterized by progressive loss of muscle mass and function and increases permanently the mortality and morbidity rates among those patients. The incidence of sarcopenia in cirrhotic patients ranged 40-70% associating with impaired quality of life and augmented rates of infection. Based on these issues, this review is aimed at determining the prevalence and main causes of sarcopenia among cirrhotic patients and recognizing the recent diagnostic and physical treatment modalities that prevent risk factors for sarcopenia in those patients. No ideal modality is currently demonstrated for diagnosing sarcopenia in hepatic diseases, particularly cirrhosis; however, recent studies reported different diagnostic modalities for muscle function in different individuals including handgrip strength, skeletal muscle index, six-min walk test, liver frailty index, short physical performance battery, and radiological assessments for quadriceps and psoas muscles. Exercise training and therapeutic nutrition are strongly recommended for controlling sarcopenia in cirrhotic patients. The exercise program is designed and carried out on a frequent basis within an extensive scheduled time aimed at improving functional performance, aerobic capacity, and healthy conditions. Finally, a combination of exercise training and therapeutic nutrition is powerfully recommended to control sarcopenia in cirrhosis.


Assuntos
Exercício Físico/fisiologia , Cirrose Hepática/terapia , Fígado/patologia , Músculo Esquelético/patologia , Terapia Nutricional/métodos , Sarcopenia/terapia , Feminino , Força da Mão/fisiologia , Humanos , Cirrose Hepática/complicações , Cirrose Hepática/diagnóstico , Cirrose Hepática/patologia , Testes de Função Hepática , Masculino , Desempenho Físico Funcional , Qualidade de Vida/psicologia , Sarcopenia/complicações , Sarcopenia/diagnóstico , Sarcopenia/patologia , Fatores Sexuais
6.
J Sport Rehabil ; 30(6): 884-893, 2021 Feb 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33596538

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To find the short-term psychological and hormonal effects of virtual reality training on chronic low back pain in American soccer players. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS: The 3-block random sampling method was used on 54 university American soccer players with chronic low back pain, and they were allocated into 3 groups: virtual reality training (VRT; n = 18), combined physical rehabilitation (n = 18), and control (n = 18) groups at University Hospital. They underwent different balance training exercises for 4 weeks. The participants and the therapist who is assessing the outcomes were blinded. Psychological (pain intensity and kinesiophobia) and hormonal (glucose, insulin, Homeostatic Model Assessment of Insulin Resistance, growth hormone, prolactin, adrenocorticotropic hormone, and cortisol) values were measured at baseline, after 4 weeks, and after 6 months. RESULTS: The baseline demographic, psychological, and hormonal data between the VRT, combined physical rehabilitation, and control groups show no statistical difference (P ≥ .05). Four weeks following training, the VRT group shows more significant changes in pain intensity and kinesiophobia than the combined physical rehabilitation and control groups (P < .001), and the improvement was noted in the 6-month follow-up. All the hormonal variables (glucose, insulin, growth hormone, prolactin, adrenocorticotropic hormone, and cortisol) show significant changes at 4-week training (P < .001), except for the Homeostatic Model Assessment of Insulin Resistance (P = .075) between the 3 groups. At 6-month follow-up glucose, prolactin, adrenocorticotropic hormone, and cortisol show more significant difference in the VRT group than the other 2 groups (P < .001). At the same time, insulin (P = .694), Homeostatic Model Assessment of Insulin Resistance (P = .272), and growth hormone (P = .145) failed to show significant changes between the groups. CONCLUSION: Training through virtual reality is an effective treatment program when compared with conventional exercise training programs from a psychological and hormonal analysis perspective in American soccer players with chronic low back pain.


Assuntos
Dor Lombar , Futebol , Realidade Virtual , Exercício Físico , Terapia por Exercício , Humanos
7.
J Int Med Res ; 49(1): 300060520987938, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33459089

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study was performed to examine the sonoelastographic features of the radial nerve in healthy subjects. METHODS: In this observational cross-sectional study, shear wave elastography was used to evaluate the radial nerve. The cross-sectional area and stiffness were measured. RESULTS: The study included 37 nerves in 20 healthy adult subjects. The mean cross-sectional area of the radial nerve at the arm was 6.1 mm2. The mean stiffness of the radial nerve in the short axis was 30.3 kPa, and that in the long axis was 34.9 kPa. The elasticity measurements were significantly different between the long axis and short axis. CONCLUSION: The elastic modulus of the radial nerve was studied in healthy subjects and can serve as a reference for future assessment of different radial nerve pathologies.


Assuntos
Técnicas de Imagem por Elasticidade , Adulto , Módulo de Elasticidade , Voluntários Saudáveis , Humanos , Nervo Radial/diagnóstico por imagem , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
8.
Burns ; 47(1): 206-214, 2021 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32709430

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Circumferential burn of chest (CBC) is a significant type of burn and considers as a major cause of restrictive lung disease (RLD). Patient who has CBC with RLD leads to respiratory symptoms such as breathing difficulty, airway obstruction, reduced exercise capacity and altered pulmonary functions. However, studies examining the role of pranayama breathing exercise on pulmonary function, respiratory muscle activity and exercise tolerance in full thickness circumferential burn of chest are lacking. OBJECTIVE: To find the short term effects of pranayama breathing exercise on pulmonary function, respiratory muscle activity and exercise tolerance in full thickness circumferential burns of chest. METHODS: Through simple random sampling method thirty subjects (N = 30) with RLD following CBC were allocated to pranayama breathing exercise group (PBE-G; n = 15) and conventional breathing exercise group (CBE-G; n = 15). They received pranayama breathing exercise and conventional breathing exercise for 4 weeks respectively. All the subjects received chest mobility exercise as common treatment. Primary (Numeric Pain Rating Scale - NPRS, forced expiratory volume (FEV1), forced vital capacity (FVC) and maximum voluntary ventilation (MVV) and secondary (Electromyogram of sternocleidomastoid, scalene, external intercostal and diaphragm muscle, 6 min walk test & Global Rating of Change - GRC) outcome measures were measured at baseline, after four weeks and after three months follow up. RESULTS: Baseline demographic and clinical variables show homogenous distribution between the groups (p > 0.05). Four weeks following different breathing exercises, PBE-G group shows more significant changes in pain intensity, pulmonary function, respiratory muscle activity, exercise tolerance and global rating of change than CBE-G group (p ≤ 0.05) at four weeks and three months follow up. CONCLUSION: Both groups showed improvement over time. However, differences between the groups were noticed small. Still physiotherapy management, which included pranayama breathing exercises with chest mobilization program, had an effective strategy in the treatment of restrictive lung disease following circumferential burn of chest.


Assuntos
Exercícios Respiratórios/normas , Queimaduras/terapia , Músculos Respiratórios/fisiopatologia , Adulto , Análise de Variância , Exercícios Respiratórios/métodos , Exercícios Respiratórios/estatística & dados numéricos , Queimaduras/complicações , Queimaduras/epidemiologia , Método Duplo-Cego , Tolerância ao Exercício/fisiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Medição da Dor/métodos , Testes de Função Respiratória/métodos , Testes de Função Respiratória/estatística & dados numéricos , Arábia Saudita/epidemiologia , Parede Torácica/anormalidades , Parede Torácica/lesões , Parede Torácica/fisiopatologia , Ioga
9.
Technol Health Care ; 29(1): 155-166, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32831210

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Evidence on the latest technologies in rehabilitation for reducing pain and altering serum stress hormones in low back pain (LBP) was lacking. OBJECTIVE: To find the clinical and hormonal effects of virtual reality training (VRT) and isokinetic training (IKT) in chronic LBP patients. METHODS: Through the simple random sampling method, 60 university football players with chronic LBP were allocated into three groups: NVRT= 20, NIKT= 20 and NCONTROL= 20. The three groups underwent different exercises for 4 weeks. Clinical (pain intensity and kinesiophobia) and hormonal (glucose, insulin, HOMA-IR, growth hormone, prolactin, ACTH and cortisol) values were measured at baseline, after 4 weeks and 6 months. RESULTS: Four weeks following training, the VRT and IKT groups showed significant changes in pain intensity and kinesiophobia in comparison to the control group (p< 0.05). Hormonal measures also showed significant improvement in the VRT group in comparison to the other two groups (p< 0.05). CONCLUSION: Training through virtual reality and isokinetic exercise is an effective approach in terms of pain and kinesiophobia. In terms of hormonal analysis, virtual reality shows slightly more improvements than isokinetic training in subjects with chronic LBP.


Assuntos
Dor Crônica , Dor Lombar , Realidade Virtual , Dor Crônica/sangue , Dor Crônica/terapia , Terapia por Exercício , Hormônios , Humanos , Dor Lombar/sangue , Dor Lombar/terapia , Masculino , Medição da Dor
10.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(51): e23555, 2020 Dec 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33371083

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Isokinetic training (IKT) and core stabilization training (CST) are commonly used for balance training in musculoskeletal conditions. The knowledge about the effective implementation of these training protocols on radiological and biochemical effects in university football players with chronic low back pain (LBP) is lacking. OBJECTIVE: To find and compare the effects of isokinetic training and CST on radiological and biochemical effects in university football players with chronic LBP. DESIGN: Randomized, double-blinded controlled study. SETTING: University hospital. PARTICIPANTS: 60 LBP participants were randomized into isokinetic group (IKT; n = 20), core stabilization group (CST; n = 20) and the control group (n = 20) and received respective exercises for 4 weeks. OUTCOME MEASURES: Radiological (muscle cross sectional area & muscle thickness) and biochemical (C-reactive protein, tumor necrosis factor -α, interleukin [IL]-2, IL-4, IL-6) values were measured at baseline and after 4 weeks (immediate effect). RESULTS: The reports of the IKT, CST and control group were compared between the groups. Four weeks following training IKT group shows more significant changes in muscle cross sectional area (Psoas Major, Quadratus Lumborum, Multifidus and Erector Spinae muscles) and muscle thickness (Multifidus) than CST and control groups (p < 0.001). Biochemical measures such as C-reactive protein, tumor necrosis factor -α, IL-2, IL-4 and IL-6 also show significant improvement in IKT group than the other 2 groups (P < .001). CONCLUSION: Training through Isokinetic is an effective treatment program than conventional exercise programs in the aspect of radiological and biochemical analysis in university football players with chronic LBP, which may also help to prevent further injury. The present study can be used to improve the physical therapist's knowledge and clinical decision skills on LBP in football players.


Assuntos
Terapia por Exercício/métodos , Dor Lombar/terapia , Futebol , Adolescente , Adulto , Doença Crônica , Método Duplo-Cego , Feminino , Humanos , Mediadores da Inflamação/metabolismo , Masculino , Músculo Esquelético/fisiologia , Medição da Dor , Universidades , Adulto Jovem
11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33178306

RESUMO

Objectives: Chronic nonspecific low back pain (chronic nsLBP) is one of the most common musculoskeletal disorders leading to disabilities and physical inactivity. Laser therapy was used in chronic nsLBP treatment; however, no previous studies have assessed the impacts of high-intensity laser therapy (HILT) versus low-level laser therapy (LLLT) on chronic nsLBP. This study compared the effects of HILT versus LLLT on individuals suffering from chronic nsLBP. Methods: The study was a randomized control trial. Sixty individuals with chronic nsLBP were enrolled in this study between May and November 2019. All participants were clinically diagnosed with chronic nsLBP. They were assigned randomly into three groups, 20 in each group. The first group received a program of LLLT, the second group received a program of HILT, and the third did not receive laser therapy (control group). Pain severity, disability, lumbar mobility, and quality of life were assessed before and after 12-week intervention. Results: Both LLLT and HILT groups showed a significant improvement of the Oswestry Disability Index (ODI), visual analogue scale (VAS), lumbar range of motion (ROM), and European Quality of Life (EuroQol) scores (p > 0.05), while the control group did not show significant changes (p > 0.05). Comparison among the three study groups postintervention showed significant differences in the outcome measures (p > 0.05), while comparison between the LLLT and HILT groups showed nonsignificant differences (p > 0.05). Conclusion: There are no different influences of LLLT versus HILT on chronic nsLBP patients. Both LLLT and HILT reduce pain and disability and improve lumbar mobility and quality of life in chronic nsLBP patients.

12.
J Int Med Res ; 48(11): 300060520976048, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33233974

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To determine the ability of shear wave elastography to measure the stiffness of the knee menisci in healthy adults. METHODS: This observational cross-sectional study evaluated knee joints in healthy adults. Shear wave elastography was used to evaluate the anterior horn of the medial menisci bilaterally. The correlations between the mean elasticity bilaterally and age, weight, height and body mass index (BMI) were calculated using Pearson's correlation coefficient test. RESULTS: A total of 34 knee joints in 17 healthy subjects were evaluated. The mean ± SD shear elastic modulus of the anterior horn of the right medial meniscus was 24.86 ± 6.35 kPa and of the anterior horn of the left medial meniscus was 23.86 ± 4.49 kPa. A significant inverse correlation was observed between the right medial meniscus elasticity and height. Other demographic factors showed no significant relationship to the anterior horn of the right medial meniscus elasticity. A significant inverse correlation was observed between the anterior horn of the left medial meniscus elasticity and age, while a significant positive correlation was observed between left medial meniscus elasticity and BMI. CONCLUSION: These preliminary results suggest that shear wave elastography could be a potential tool to aid in studying the stiffness of the knee menisci.


Assuntos
Técnicas de Imagem por Elasticidade , Adulto , Módulo de Elasticidade , Humanos , Articulação do Joelho/diagnóstico por imagem , Meniscos Tibiais/diagnóstico por imagem
13.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(36): e22098, 2020 Sep 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32899089

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Chronic non-specific low back pain (LBP) is gradually increasing among populations worldwide and affects their activities. Recently, the Nd:YAG laser has been presented in the rehabilitation field. OBJECTIVES: This study aims to explore the short-term effects of the Nd:YAG laser on chronic non-specific LBP individuals. METHODS: Thirty-five individuals with chronic nonspecific LBP were included in the study from December 2019 to March 2020. Randomly, they were categorized to Nd:YAG group (n = 18) and sham laser as a control (n = 17) thrice weekly for a 6-week intervention. Modified Oswestry disability index (MODI), pain disability index (PDI), visual analogue scale (VAS), and lumbar flexion range of motion (ROM) have been assessed pre and post-6 weeks of the intervention. RESULTS: Significant improvements were observed in the Nd:YAG group (MODI, P < .001; PDI, P = .007; VAS, P < .001; lumbar ROM, P = .002), whereas the sham group showed no significant changes (MODI, P = .451; PDI, P = .339; VAS, P = .107; lumbar ROM, P = .296) after 6-week intervention. Between-group comparisons showed significant differences in tending toward the Nd:YAG group (MODI, P < .001; PDI, P = .046; VAS, P < .001; lumbar ROM, P = .003). CONCLUSIONS: Regarding the present study outcomes, short-term pulsed Nd:YAG laser (6 weeks) may reduce functional disabilities and pain intensity, and improve the lumbar flexion ROM in patients with chronic nonspecific LBP. Further well-designed randomized controlled studies with large sample sizes should be conducted regarding laser treatment.


Assuntos
Lasers de Estado Sólido/uso terapêutico , Dor Lombar/radioterapia , Terapia com Luz de Baixa Intensidade/métodos , Adulto , Doença Crônica , Avaliação da Deficiência , Humanos , Lasers de Estado Sólido/efeitos adversos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Medição da Dor , Desempenho Físico Funcional , Estudos Prospectivos , Amplitude de Movimento Articular , Método Simples-Cego
14.
J Rehabil Med ; 2020 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32870318

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To determine the effects of isokinetic training of the knee muscles on bone morphogenetic proteins and inflammatory biomarkers in post-traumatic osteoarthritis after anterior cruciate ligament injury in university football players. METHODS: A total of 60 participants with post-traumatic osteoarthritis after anterior cruciate ligament injury were randomly allocated into 3 groups: isokinetic training (n = 20), sensory motor training (n = 20) and control (n = 20) groups. The groups underwent different training programmes for 4 weeks. Clinical and biochemical values were measured at baseline, 4-week, 8-week and 6-month follow-ups. RESULTS: Four weeks after training the isokinetic group showed more significant changes in pain intensity and functional disability than the sensory motor training or control groups (p < 0.001). There was no significant improvement in bone morphogenic protein measures, (e.g. bone morphogenic proteins 2, 4, 6, and 7) in any of the groups. There was an improvement in inflammatory markers (CRP, TNF-α, IL-2, IL-4, IL-6) in the isokinetic training group compared with the other 2 groups (p < 0.001). CONCLUSION: Isokinetic training results in greater improvements in pain and functional disability than sensory motor training in post-traumatic osteoarthritis after anterior cruciate ligament injury in university football players. The isokinetic training programme had a beneficial effect on levels of inflammatory biomarkers and negligible effect on bone morphogenic proteins.

15.
J Int Med Res ; 48(8): 300060520948754, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32811271

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study was performed to obtain normative data of the distal femoral cartilage thickness in healthy adults by ultrasound. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 72 healthy adults. The demographic characteristics of the participants were recorded, and the thickness of the femoral articular cartilage was measured using a 5- to 18-MHz linear probe. RESULTS: Significant statistical difference towards the male side at left medial condyle (P = 0.001) and left lateral condyle (P = 0.009). Weakly positive statistical difference was noted towards the male side at right medial condyle (P = 0.06) and right lateral condyle (P = 0.07). The femoral cartilage thickness in the study participants did not correlate with weight, body mass index, and age (P >0.05). Positive statistical correlation with height noted in right medial condyle, right lateral condyle, right intercondylar area, and left medial condyle. CONCLUSION: This study increases the pool of normative data of femoral cartilage thickness measurements. Additionally, the findings of this study emphasize the fact that women have thinner cartilage than men in four of the studied parameters.


Assuntos
Cartilagem Articular , Articulação do Joelho , Adulto , Cartilagem Articular/diagnóstico por imagem , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Fêmur/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Articulação do Joelho/diagnóstico por imagem , Masculino , Ultrassonografia
16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32617104

RESUMO

Objective: The objective of this study is to find and compare the effects of isokinetic training and virtual reality training on sports performances in university football players with chronic low back pain. Design: This is a randomized, double-blinded controlled study. Methods: The study was conducted on 45LBP participants at university hospital. First group (n = 15) received isokinetic training, second group (n = 15) received virtual reality training, and the control group (n = 15) received conventional training exercises for four weeks. Clinical (pain intensity and player wellness) and sports performance (40 m sprint, 4 × 5 m sprint, submaximal shuttle running, countermovement jump, and squat jump) scores were measured at baseline, after 4 weeks, 8 weeks, and 6 months. Results: Four weeks following training VRT group shows more significant changes in pain intensity and player wellness scores than IKT and control groups (p ≤ 0.001). Sports performance variables (such as 40 m sprint, 4 × 5 m sprint, submaximal shuttle running, countermovement jump, and squat jump) scores also show significant improvement in VRT group than the other two groups (p ≤ 0.001). Conclusion: Overall, our study suggests that strength training through virtual reality training protocol improves pain and sports performances than isokinetic training and other conventional trainings in university football players with chronic low back pain.

17.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(21): e20418, 2020 May 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32481345

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Isokinetic training (IKT) and core stabilization training (CST) are commonly used for balance training in musculoskeletal conditions. The knowledge about the effective implementation of these training protocols on sports performances in university football players with chronic low back pain (LBP) is lacking. OBJECTIVE: To find and compare the effects of IKT and CST on sports performances in university football players with chronic LBP. DESIGN: Randomized, double-blinded controlled study. SETTING: University hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Sixty LBP participants divided into isokinetic group (IKT; n = 20), core stabilization group (CST; n = 20), and the control group (n = 20) and received respected exercises for 4 weeks. OUTCOME MEASURES: Clinical (pain intensity and player wellness) and sports performances (40 m sprint, 4 × 5 m sprint, submaximal shuttle running, counter movement jump, and squat jump) scores were measured at baseline, after 4 weeks, 8 weeks, and 3 months. RESULTS: Four weeks following training IKT group shows more significant changes in pain intensity and player wellness scores than CST and control groups (P ≤ .001). Sports performance variables (40 m sprint, 4 × 5 m sprint, submaximal shuttle running, counter movement jump and squat jump) scores also show significant improvement in IKT group than the other 2 groups (P ≤ .001). CONCLUSION: This study suggests that training through IKT improves pain intensity and sports performances than CST in university football players with chronic LBP.


Assuntos
Desempenho Atlético/normas , Dor Lombar/terapia , Dor/classificação , Modalidades de Fisioterapia/normas , Desempenho Atlético/estatística & dados numéricos , Dor Crônica/psicologia , Dor Crônica/terapia , Método Duplo-Cego , Hospitais Universitários/organização & administração , Hospitais Universitários/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Dor Lombar/psicologia , Masculino , Dor/prevenção & controle , Modalidades de Fisioterapia/psicologia , Modalidades de Fisioterapia/estatística & dados numéricos , Treinamento de Força/métodos , Treinamento de Força/normas , Treinamento de Força/estatística & dados numéricos , Futebol/lesões , Futebol/psicologia , Adulto Jovem
18.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(14): e19455, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32243364

RESUMO

The aim of this study is to compare the distal femoral cartilage thickness of patients with type II diabetes mellitus with those of healthy subjects using ultrasonography. The study comprised 34 patients and 36 healthy subjects. Demographic characteristics of all the participants were recorded. The thickness of the femoral articular cartilage was measured using a 5-18MHzlinearprobe.Measurements were performed bilaterally from three points (intercondylar area, medial condyle, and lateral condyle). No significant difference could be found between patients and healthy subjects. Two demographic characteristics correlated positively with diabetic patients.


Assuntos
Cartilagem Articular/patologia , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/patologia , Fêmur/patologia , Articulação do Joelho/patologia , Adulto , Idoso , Índice de Massa Corporal , Cartilagem Articular/diagnóstico por imagem , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Fêmur/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Articulação do Joelho/diagnóstico por imagem , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Ultrassonografia
19.
Orthop Surg ; 12(1): 170-176, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31916389

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of including the fractured vertebra in the short-segment fixation of thoracolumbar (TL) fractures. METHODS: A total of 32 patients with thoraco-lumbar fractures, selected between August 2013 and February 2016, were managed by short-segment fixation with screws at the level of the fracture, and decompression was performed only for patients with neurological deficits. The patients' functional outcome was assessed using the visual analogue scale (VAS) score for pain and the American Spinal Injury Association (ASIA) score for neurological condition. All patients were followed up with radiographs. RESULTS: Patients with complete neurologic deficits (n = 3) did not show any neurologic recovery. All ASIA B patients improved to ASIA C. Five ASIA C patients improved to ASIA E. The remaining five ASIA C patients improved to ASIA D. All ASIA D patients improved to ASIA B. At the final follow-up examination, the mean anterior vertebral height was 21 ± 5 mm, indicating no significant height loss during the follow-up period. CONCLUSION: Short-segment fixation of TL fractures with inclusion of the fracture level into the construct offers good correction of segmental kyphosis, vertebral wedging, and vertebral height loss.


Assuntos
Fixação Interna de Fraturas/métodos , Vértebras Lombares/cirurgia , Parafusos Pediculares , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral/cirurgia , Vértebras Torácicas/cirurgia , Adolescente , Adulto , Feminino , Fixação Interna de Fraturas/instrumentação , Humanos , Vértebras Lombares/lesões , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Medição da Dor , Vértebras Torácicas/lesões , Adulto Jovem
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