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1.
Int J Impot Res ; 30(3): 117-121, 2018 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29736012

RESUMO

Penile curvature is a common urological disease. Tunical plication for correction of penile curvature has been much popularized being simpler, adjustable to avoid overcorrection, less bleeding, and less postoperative erectile dysfunction. This study aims to assess the results of modified 16-dot plication technique for correction of congenital and acquired penile curvature and avoidance of knot-associated complications. Eighteen patients underwent correction of their penile curvature using the modified 16-dot plication technique between January 2014 and October 2015. Patients' pre and postoperative data were analyzed. The mean age of patients is 44 years old. Of the patients 15 who were available for follow-up, 8 patients had congenital penile curvature (CPC) and 7 had Peyronie's disease (PD). The angle of deviation ranged from 30° to 90°. Erectile function (EF) was assessed preoperative by IIEF score and duplex ultrasound. Postoperative follow-up at 3 and 6 months revealed straight erect penis in all patients. Longer follow-up at 1 to 2 years, 2 patients complained from slight recurrence of curve (<20°) and 2 patients complained of worsening of their erectile function. Penile shortening was noted by 6 patients. None of our patients stated any knot complication or bothersome, nor do hematomas, numbness, or painful erections. The modified 16-dot plication technique for correction if penile curvature is a safe and effective method. This modification allowed the knots to be tucked in the plicate tunical tissue avoiding knot-associated complications. More investigation on a large scale of patients or multicenter studies is recommended.


Assuntos
Doenças do Pênis/cirurgia , Induração Peniana/cirurgia , Pênis/patologia , Pênis/cirurgia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/prevenção & controle , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Urológicos Masculinos/métodos , Adulto , Disfunção Erétil/etiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doenças do Pênis/congênito , Doenças do Pênis/patologia , Ereção Peniana , Induração Peniana/complicações , Induração Peniana/patologia , Resultado do Tratamento , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Urológicos Masculinos/efeitos adversos , Adulto Jovem
2.
Arab J Urol ; 15(1): 30-35, 2017 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28275515

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of immediate versus delayed shockwave lithotripsy (SWL) for inaccessible stones after uncomplicated percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between December 2011 and June 2014, patients with residual inaccessible stones after uncomplicated PCNL were prospectively randomised into two treatment groups; Group I, immediate SWL and Group II, delayed SWL at 1 week after PCNL. Patients with residual stones of ⩾1.5 cm, a stone density of >1000 Hounsfield units and body mass index of >40 kg/m2 were excluded from the study. The following data were reported: patients' demographics, stone characteristics after PCNL, hospital stay, perioperative complications, stent duration, and stone-free rate (SFR). RESULTS: In all, 84 patients (51 males and 33 females) with mean (SD) age of 39 (8.5) years were included in the study. Group I included 44 patients, whilst Group II included 40 patients. There was no statistically significant difference amongst the groups for patients' demographics, stone characteristics, and perioperative complications. The hospital stay was significantly shorter in Group I, at a mean (SD) of 34 (3.7) vs 45 (2.9) h (P < 0.001). The duration of ureteric stenting was significantly lower in Group I as compared to Group II, at a mean (SD) of 12 (4.2) vs 25 (3.5) days (P < 0.001). The SFR was 93.2% and 95% in Groups I and II, respectively (P = 0.9). CONCLUSIONS: Immediate SWL after PCNL is as effective and safe as delayed SWL with a lesser hospital stay and duration of ureteric stenting.

3.
Arab J Urol ; 14(1): 12-7, 2016 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26966587

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To compare the efficacy of silodosin (8 mg) vs tamsulosin (0.4 mg), as a medical expulsive therapy, in the management of distal ureteric stones (DUS) in terms of stone clearance rate and stone expulsion time. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A prospective randomised study was conducted on 115 patients, aged 21-55 years, who had unilateral DUS of ⩽10 mm. Patients were divided into two groups. Group 1 received silodosin (8 mg) and Group 2 received tamsulosin (0.4 mg) daily for 1 month. The patients were followed-up by ultrasonography, plain abdominal radiograph of the kidneys, ureters and bladder, and computed tomography (in some cases). RESULTS: There was a significantly higher stone clearance rate of 83% in Group 1 vs 57% in Group 2 (P = 0.007). Group 1 also showed a significant advantage for stone expulsion time and analgesic use. Four patients, two in each group, discontinued the treatment in first few days due to side-effects (orthostatic hypotension). No severe complications were recorded during the treatment period. Retrograde ejaculation was recorded in nine and three patients in Groups 1 and 2, respectively. CONCLUSION: Our data show that silodosin is more effective than tamsulosin in the management of DUS for stone clearance rates and stone expulsion times. A multicentre study on larger scale is needed to confirm the efficacy and safety of silodosin.

4.
Arab J Urol ; 13(3): 225-30, 2015 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26413353

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether the immunohistochemical expression of p53, p63 and her2/neu is correlated with the prognosis of tumour recurrence and progression in patients with non-muscle invasive (NMI) bladder cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In all, 88 patients diagnosed with NMI transitional cell carcinoma of the bladder in a Urology Department from May 2009 to April 2014 were included in the study. Paraffin-embedded specimens were obtained by transurethral resection of the bladder tumours. Sections on haematoxylin and eosin-stained slides were examined histologically and tumour grade was classified according to the World Health Organisation system (2004) Mostofi classification. The sections were evaluated using p63, p53 and her2/neu immunohistochemical staining before and after immunotherapy with bacille Calmette-Guerin (BCG), and patients were followed up for 36 months in the Urology Department. RESULTS: For tumour grade there was a significant relationship with the overexpression of p53 (P = 0.010), her2 (P = 0.025) and negativity of p63 (P = 0.025). There was no significant relationship between p53 or her2/neu overexpression and tumour stage. However, there was a significant correlation (P = 0.005) between p63 negativity and tumour stage. There was a significant relationship between p53 (P = 0.01), her2/neu (P = 0.025) overexpression and p63 negativity (P = 0.005) and tumour recurrence and progression. CONCLUSION: Patients with transitional cell carcinoma who are selected for BCG treatment should preferably be positively immunoreactive for p63, but negative for both p53 and her2/neu. These patients were less susceptible to recurrence and/or progression after BCG adjuvant therapy. Further studies are needed to investigate the relationship between these three markers and treatment with anti-her2/neu therapies.

5.
Urology ; 85(1): 51-4, 2015 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25440820

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate of efficacy of transgluteal (supine) approach for shock wave lithotripsy (SWL) in treatment of distal ureteric stones. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This prospective, randomized, comparative study was conducted on 98 patients. Patients were randomly assigned into 2 groups: group A (n = 49; prone position) and group B (n = 49; supine position, transgluteal). Inclusion criteria included patients with radiopaque lower ureteric stones ≤10 mm. Exclusion criteria included radiolucent stones, stones >10 mm, the need for any auxiliary procedure, and any contraindication for SWL. Post-SWL evaluation included plain x-ray of kidney, ureter, and bladder at 2 weeks after treatment and then at monthly intervals after treatment for 3 months. Stone-free status was defined as no residual stone fragments visible on plain x-ray. Treatment failure was defined as persistence of stone fragments at 3 months or the need for ureteroscopy. RESULTS: Stone-free rate after 1 treatment session was achieved in 44.9% and 75.5% for prone and supine positions, respectively. Proceeding to ureteroscopy, after failure of the second SWL session to clear the stones, was done in 34.7% and 8.2% for prone and supine positions, respectively. The overall success rate for SWL treatment in prone and supine groups was 65.3% and 91.8%, respectively (P <.001). CONCLUSION: Transgluteal SWL while patient in supine position proved efficacy for treatment of distal ureteric stones. Larger group studies comparing the results of SWL in supine position with those of prone position and also with those of ureteroscopy may enrich our data to reach a consensus for the ideal management of distal ureteric stones.


Assuntos
Litotripsia/métodos , Posicionamento do Paciente/métodos , Cálculos Ureterais/terapia , Adulto , Nádegas , Feminino , Humanos , Litotripsia/efeitos adversos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Decúbito Ventral , Estudos Prospectivos , Decúbito Dorsal , Cálculos Ureterais/patologia
6.
Urology ; 84(6): 1374-7, 2014 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25283703

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the use of lingual mucosal graft (LMG) as a substitute for tunica albuginea in the treatment of Peyronie disease (PD). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Seventeen patients, reporting normal erectile function, with PD interfering with sexual function were operated on by plaque excision and grafting with LMG. Preoperative assessment included: the International Index of Erectile Function-5 score, penile duplex, and penile curvature angle measurement. Postoperative erectile function and penile deformity were assessed every 3 months for 9-18 months. RESULTS: Mean age of the patients was 52 (± 4.7) years and mean angle of deformity was 60° (± 5.1). Donor site complications occurred in the form of mild transient swelling, numbness, and pain. Postoperative assessment showed complete penile straightening in 15 patients with mild curvature recurrence (<20°) in 2 patients at the third month. De novo mild erectile dysfunction was reported by 1 patient who responded to low-dose phosphodiesterase type 5 inhibitor. Patients' and partners' satisfaction was reported in 16 (94%) patients. These results remained stable until the end of the follow-up period. CONCLUSION: LMG seems to be a valuable substitute for tunica albuginea in cases of PD. It is readily available and shows early graft take. It also proved safety, reliability, feasibility, and a satisfactory short-term outcome for the treatment of PD.


Assuntos
Mucosa Bucal/transplante , Induração Peniana/diagnóstico , Induração Peniana/cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos/métodos , Transplante de Tecidos/métodos , Adulto , Estudos de Coortes , Seguimentos , Sobrevivência de Enxerto , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Satisfação do Paciente , Estudos Prospectivos , Medição de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Língua/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento
7.
Arch Ital Urol Androl ; 85(1): 53-5, 2013 Apr 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23695409

RESUMO

Isolated pump erosion is a rare complication in patients with inflatable penile prosthesis. We describe a case of a diabetic patient who underwent inflatable penile prosthesis implantation with subsequent isolated pump erosion. Repeated attempts of conservative repair of the erosion failed. Finally, the inflatable penile prosthesis was replaced with a malleable one to avoid new pump erosion. In case of isolated pump erosion, replacement of the inflatable penile prosthesis with a malleable one looks to be a good alternative salvage treatment for the patient.


Assuntos
Complicações do Diabetes/terapia , Disfunção Erétil/terapia , Doenças dos Genitais Masculinos/etiologia , Prótese de Pênis , Falha de Prótese/efeitos adversos , Escroto , Idoso , Humanos , Masculino , Desenho de Prótese
8.
Arab J Urol ; 11(1): 74-8, 2013 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26579250

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To compare the technical aspects, operative time, safety and effectiveness of percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) in the free-flank modified supine position (FFMSP) vs. the standard prone position (SPP). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Seventy-seven patients (47 men and 30 women) with renal stones were enrolled and systematically randomised into two groups, A (39 patients) treated using the FFMSP, and B (38 patients) in the SPP. The outcome was considered as a cure (successful procedure) if the patient became stone-free or had residual fragments of <4 mm in diameter. The operative time (from the induction of anaesthesia to the removal of the endotracheal tube) was measured and any operative complications or conflicts were recorded. The different variables were compared and analysed between the groups. RESULTS: Patients in both groups had comparable preoperative clinical data and there were no significant differences in the preoperative clinical characteristics. The procedure was successful in 84.6% and 84% of group A and B, respectively. The operative time was significantly longer in group B (SPP) than A (FFMSP). There was no significant difference between the groups in fluoroscopy time and patients' outcome. CONCLUSIONS: The FFMSP (with a cushion under the ipsilateral shoulder) has similar efficacy and safety as the SPP for PCNL and is associated with a significantly quicker operation.

10.
Urology ; 79(5): 1184.e1-6, 2012 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22546410

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the potential protective effects of selenium and lycopene, either alone or in combination, for cisplatin-induced oxidative stress and testicular dysfunction in male rats. METHODS: A total of 50 adult male Wistar rats were divided into 5 groups of 10 animals each, as follows: control group (treated with placebo); cisplatin-alone group; cisplatin + lycopene group; cisplatin + selenium group; and cisplatin + selenium + lycopene group. The weights and dimensions of testes, epididymes, and accessory glands as well as sperm concentration, motility, and proportion of normal morphology were assessed. Testicular tissue malondialdehyde (MDA) and glutathione (GSH) levels, as well as superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px), and catalase (CAT) activities, and plasma testosterone were determined. RESULTS: Cisplatin treatment caused significant reductions in weights and dimensions of testes, epididymes, and accessory glands, sperm concentration, motility, and proportion of normal morphology, enzymatic and nonenzymatic antioxidants, and plasma testosterone levels. There was significantly increased MDA. The co-administration of selenium and lycopene, either separately or in combination, significantly attenuated the harmful effects of cisplatin-induced lipid peroxidation, oxidative stress, loss of genital organ weight and dimensions, as well as function of reproductive organs collectively in the Wistar rat model. The combination of selenium and lycopene was more effective than supplementation of either agent alone in preventing cisplatin-induced testicular damage. CONCLUSION: Selenium and lycopene supplementation reduced cisplatin-induced testicular toxicity, improved testicular function and prevented cisplatin-related injury to the rat testes by suppression of oxidative stress.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/toxicidade , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Carotenoides/farmacologia , Cisplatino/toxicidade , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Selênio/farmacologia , Testículo/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Catalase/efeitos dos fármacos , Catalase/metabolismo , Epididimo/efeitos dos fármacos , Epididimo/patologia , Epididimo/fisiopatologia , Glutationa/efeitos dos fármacos , Glutationa/metabolismo , Glutationa Peroxidase/efeitos dos fármacos , Glutationa Peroxidase/metabolismo , Licopeno , Masculino , Malondialdeído/metabolismo , Ratos , Ratos Wistar , Contagem de Espermatozoides , Motilidade Espermática/efeitos dos fármacos , Espermatozoides/efeitos dos fármacos , Espermatozoides/patologia , Superóxido Dismutase/efeitos dos fármacos , Superóxido Dismutase/metabolismo , Testículo/metabolismo , Testículo/patologia , Testículo/fisiopatologia , Testosterona/sangue
11.
Urology ; 79(6): 1310-5, 2012 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22521187

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore whether a "no touch" enhancement to the surgical technique of inflatable penile prosthesis (IPPs) implantaion will further decrease infection rates. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A single surgeon performed 2347 IPPs between January 2002 and June 2011. Patients receiving each manufacturer's implants were stratified for age and diabetes. Since 2003, infection retardant-coated IPPs were implanted through the standardized penoscrotal approach. Since 2006, the "no touch" enhancement was added to the surgical procedure. Infection rates in the noncoated IPP, coated IPP with standard technique, and coated IPP implanted with "no touch" enhancement were calculated and subjected to statistical analysis. The two company's implants were scrutinized for their individual infection rates in each group. RESULTS: Patients in all the groups were similar for age and diabetes. 132 noncoated implants had an infection rate of 5.3%. In the years 2003-2005, 704 coated devices had a statistically significant improvement in incidence of infection to 2%. In the years 2006-2010, the "no touch" technique enhanced the standard surgical procedure in 1511 patients. Only 7 infections were seen yielding an infection incidence of 0.46%. There was no difference in the two manufacturer's infection rates. Differentiation between virgin and revision operation displayed no bias in the infection rate. CONCLUSION: Infection-retardant coatings lower the risk of infection from 5.3% to 2%. The "no touch" enhancement to the surgical procedure further decreases the rate of infection to 0.46%. Neither manufacturer showed statistical superiority in survival from revision for infection.


Assuntos
Antibioticoprofilaxia/métodos , Disfunção Erétil/cirurgia , Implante Peniano/métodos , Prótese de Pênis , Desenho de Prótese , Infecções Relacionadas à Prótese/prevenção & controle , Antibacterianos/administração & dosagem , Complicações do Diabetes/cirurgia , Disfunção Erétil/etiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Infecções Relacionadas à Prótese/epidemiologia , Reoperação
12.
Ren Fail ; 33(8): 824-32, 2011.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21787152

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Kidneys are dynamic organs and represent one of the major systems maintaining the body homeostasis; they are affected by many chemicals and drugs. Grape seed extract (GSE) has been targeted to prevent drug-induced renal toxicity. OBJECTIVES: This study investigates the possible renoprotective effect of GSE against oxidative stress, renal impairment, and hypercholesterolemia (HC) induced by gentamicin (GM) and cholesterol-enriched diet. Seventy adult male Wistar rats (160 ± 10 g) were divided into seven groups: (1) served as control, (2) GSE, (3) GM, (4) GSE + GM, (5) hypercholesterolemic (HC) group, (6) GM + HC group, and (7) GM + HC + GSE. Kidney functions, inflammatory mediators, cytokines, lipid profile, nitric oxide (NO), cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP), and oxidative and antioxidative stress parameters were assessed in all groups. MAIN FINDINGS: GM induced renal dysfunction, which was exacerbated by the presence of HC as confirmed by laboratory determinations. Administration of GSE attenuated the renal toxicity evidenced in significant reduction in elevated kidney function, inflammatory cytokines as well as lipid profile, NO, cGMP, enzymatic, and nonenzymatic antioxidants. CONCLUSION: Administration of GSE simultaneously with GM attenuated oxidative stress, diminished renal toxicity, and improved lipid profile induced by GM and HC.


Assuntos
Extrato de Sementes de Uva/uso terapêutico , Hipercolesterolemia/complicações , Nefropatias/etiologia , Nefropatias/prevenção & controle , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Aterosclerose/etiologia , Aterosclerose/prevenção & controle , Gentamicinas/administração & dosagem , Masculino , Ratos , Ratos Wistar
13.
J Sex Med ; 8(9): 2647-54, 2011 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21699668

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Infection is the worst complication seen with inflatable penile prosthesis (IPP). Both the American Medical Systems (AMS) and Coloplast IPP have infection retardant coatings. AMS is coated at the factory with rifampicin and minocycline (InhibiZone). The Coloplast IPP has a hydrophilic coating covalently bonded to its components that will absorb any aqueous solution before implantation and provides increased surface lubricity to decrease bacterial adherence. AIM: We tested several antibiotic dips comparing zones of inhibition (ZOI) against five commonly infecting bacteria with coated Coloplast implants. Results were compared with those ZOI created with strips of an AMS IPP precoated with InhibiZone. METHODS: Pieces of sterile Coloplast Titan IPP were dipped in (i) trimethoprim/polymixin B ophthalmic solution; (ii) trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole infusion solution; (iii) bacitracin; (iv) rifampicin/minocycline; and (v) rifampin/trimehtoprim/sulfamethoxazole. ZOI for the Titan strips and for AMS InhibiZone coated strips were tested against Staphylococcus epidermidis, Staphylococcus lugdunensis, Staphylococcus aureus, Pseudomonas, and Enterococcus. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: ZOIs of the Coloplast Titan for each of the medicated solutions were compared with ZOI created by undipped strips of a sterile InhibiZone coated IPP placed on plates of the identical bacteria. RESULTS: All dips except bacitracin showed ZOI≥InhibiZone (P≥0.005) for most organisms. Because of broad-spectrum effectiveness, ease of handling, and cost, infusion vial of trimehtoprim/sulfamethoxazole seemed optimal at this time. If trimehtoprim/sulfamethoxazole is unavailable; the ZOI with Polytrim ophthalmic solution zones were almost as good. CONCLUSIONS: The Coloplast strips when dipped in several solutions showed equal or significantly larger ZOI against commonly infecting organisms than the InhibiZone coated strips. At the present time using off the shelf trimethoprim sulfamethoxazole infusion solution seems optimum. The flexibility of choosing the drug eluting from the Coloplast device seems promising in the changing bacterial environment.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Prótese de Pênis/efeitos adversos , Infecções Relacionadas à Prótese/prevenção & controle , Bacitracina/uso terapêutico , Infecções Bacterianas/prevenção & controle , Quimioterapia Combinada , Humanos , Minociclina/uso terapêutico , Implante Peniano/efeitos adversos , Implante Peniano/métodos , Implante Peniano/normas , Rifampina/uso terapêutico , Trimetoprima/uso terapêutico , Combinação Trimetoprima e Sulfametoxazol/uso terapêutico
14.
Arab J Urol ; 9(4): 283-7, 2011 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26579313

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate tailored polypropylene (prolene) mesh, anterior rectus sheath, and vaginal wall slings positioned under the mid-urethra, to treat stress urinary incontinence (SUI) in women, as SUI is a common pathological condition causing considerable distress and compromising social, physical, psychological, and sexual health, and for which surgical treatment remains controversial. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This prospective randomised study included 32 patients with SUI, evaluated by SEAPI (Stress, Emptying, Anatomy, Protection, and Instability) symptom score and urodynamics. According to sling material, 12 patients had tailored prolene mesh, 12 had anterior rectus sheath and eight had anterior vaginal wall slings. Operative variables (intraoperative bleeding, duration, complications and hospital stay) were documented, and postoperative complications and continence status were assessed. The follow-up was 12-18 months. RESULTS: Patients who received tailored prolene mesh slings had a lower operative duration and hospital stay, and less intraoperative bleeding. Postoperative complications, e.g. urinary retention and urgency, were <12%, with no significant differences. There was no significant difference among the three studied groups in the success rate (75%, 67% and 75%). CONCLUSIONS: Tailored prolene mesh, anterior rectus sheath and the vaginal wall sling are good alternatives to treat SUI in women, with comparable results in a short-term follow up. The surgeon's experience and the patient's clinical circumstances should be considered when choosing a sling material, as success rates are comparable, being slightly better for the prolene sling in operative duration, bleeding and hospital stay.

15.
BJU Int ; 107(10): 1605-10, 2011 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20825396

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: • To evaluate the efficacy of a bladder preservation multimodality protocol for patients with operable carcinoma invading bladder muscle. MATERIALS AND METHODS: • In this prospective study, we included 33 patients with transitional cell carcinoma (TCC) (T2 and T3, Nx, M0) who were amenable to complete transurethral resection. • These patients refused radical cystectomy as their first treatment option. After maximum transurethral resection of bladder tumour (TURBT), all patients received three cycles of adjuvant chemotherapy in the form of methotrexate, vinblastin, adriamycin and cisplatin (MVAC) followed by radical radiotherapy. • Four weeks later, all cases had radiological and cystoscopical re-evaluation. • Complete responders were considered to be those patients who had no evidence of residual tumour. All patients were subjected to a regular follow-up by cystoscopy and tumour site biopsy conducted every 3 months. Abdomino-pelvic computed tomography and chest X-ray were conducted every 6 months. • The study endpoint was the response to treatment after completion of the first year of follow-up after therapy. RESULTS: • Out of 33 eligible patients, a total of 28 patients completed the study treatment protocol. Their mean ± SD age was 56.7 ± 6 years. Trimodal therapy was well tolerated in most of cases, with no severe acute toxicities. After 12 months of follow-up, a complete response was achieved in 39.3% and a partial response in 7.1%, with an overall response rate of 46.4%. • By the end of the first year, disease-free survival was reported in 39.3%, whereas 25% were still alive with their disease, giving an overall survival of 64.3% for all patients who maintained their intact, well functioning bladders. • Tumour stage and completeness of transurethral resection of bladder tumour were the most important predictors of response and survival. T2 lesions had complete and partial response rates of 69.2% and 23%, respectively, whereas T3 lesions had rates of 40% and 13.3%, respectively (P = 0.001). • The response rate in patients who had complete TURBT was 82.6% vs 20% in those with cystoscopic biopsy only (P = 0.001). In addition, disease-free survival was 72.7% in T2 patients and 27.3% in T3 patients (P = 0.001). CONCLUSION: • In the present study, bladder preservation protocol with MVAC and radical radiotherapy achieved suboptimal response rates at 1 year in patients with localized TCC invading bladder muscle. Patients with solitary T2 lesions that are amenable to complete TURBT achieved the best response rates. Longer follow-up is needed to verify these results. Patients with localized disease should be encouraged for radical cystectomy, which achieved better results.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Carcinoma de Células de Transição/terapia , Cistectomia , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/terapia , Idoso , Biópsia , Carcinoma de Células de Transição/patologia , Cisplatino/administração & dosagem , Terapia Combinada , Doxorrubicina/administração & dosagem , Métodos Epidemiológicos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Metotrexato/administração & dosagem , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Invasividade Neoplásica/patologia , Resultado do Tratamento , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/patologia , Vimblastina/administração & dosagem
16.
Ren Fail ; 32(10): 1210-5, 2010.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20954983

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Gentamicin (GM) is an effective antibiotic against severe infection but has limitations related to nephrotoxicity. This study investigates whether green tea extract (GTE), an antioxidant, could ameliorate the nephrotoxic effect of GM in uninephrectomized rats. OBJECTIVES: The right kidneys of 40 rats were surgically removed and 1 week later the animals were divided into four groups (n = 10). Group 1 served as control, Group 2 as GTE group, Group 3 as GM group, and Group 4 as GM+GTE group. Kidney function, inflammatory cytokine TNF-α, oxidant and antioxidant parameters of renal tissue, as well as histopathological studies were assessed. MAIN FINDINGS: Injecting uninephrectomized rats with GM induced renal dysfunction as shown by significant elevations in serum creatinine and urea. Serum TNF-α and oxidative stress parameters (superoxide anion and lipid peroxides) were also significantly increased. On the contrary, antioxidative parameters [superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), and reduced glutathione (GSH)] were significantly decreased. Histopathological examination of renal tissue illustrated features of degeneration, marked cellular infiltration, tubular dilatation, and varying degrees of necrosis. GTE given to GM rats reduced these nephrotoxicity parameters. Serum creatinine, urea, and TNF-α were almost normalized in the GM+GTE group. The oxidative stress parameters were significantly decreased and the antioxidative parameters were significantly increased. CONCLUSION: GTE ameliorates GM-induced nephrotoxicity and oxidative damage by improving antioxidant defense and tissue integrity. Further human studies are necessary to demonstrate the antioxidant effects of GTE on renal diseases. Nevertheless, green tea (GT) may offer an inexpensive, nontoxic, and effective intervention strategy in subjects with a risk for GM-induced nephrotoxicity.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Camellia sinensis , Gentamicinas/farmacologia , Rim/efeitos dos fármacos , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Chá , Animais , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Metabolismo dos Carboidratos/efeitos dos fármacos , Creatinina/sangue , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Rim/patologia , Peroxidação de Lipídeos/efeitos dos fármacos , Estresse Oxidativo/fisiologia , Ratos , Ratos Wistar , Ureia/sangue
17.
Ren Fail ; 32(8): 959-68, 2010.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20722564

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Cyclosporine A (CsA) leads to renal and liver injury, production of free radicals and nitric oxide (NO) deficiency. This study investigates the possible protective effects of trapidil and L-arginine against CsA-induced tissue injury. OBJECTIVES: Forty adult male Wistar rats (180 +/- 20 g) were divided into five groups, eight animals in each. The first group served as control, second group served as CsA group, third group served as CsA + trapidil group, fourth group served as CsA + L-arginine group, and fifth group served as CsA + trapidil + L-arginine group. Kidney and liver functions, inflammatory mediators, cytokines, oxidant and antioxidant parameters as well as histopathological studies of renal and liver tissue were assessed in all groups. MAIN FINDINGS: CsA induced renal and hepatic dysfunction, which was confirmed by laboratory and histopathological examination. Administration of trapidil diminished the renal and liver injury and significantly attenuated the levels of serum creatinine, urea, aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alanine aminotransferase (ALT), interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta), tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha), monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1), and oxidative stress, while it significantly elevated the level of serum nitric oxide and the activity of antioxidative stress. L-Arginine gave the same trend as trapidil, but trapidil effect was more pronounced. Coadministration of trapidil + L-arginine significantly ameliorated the toxic effect of CsA, but did not differ significantly from the effect of trapidil alone. CONCLUSIONS: Treatment with trapidil or L-arginine diminished the renal and hepatic CsA-induced toxicity. However, the effect of trapidil was more pronounced. Therefore, treatment with trapidil alone may be the most economic and effective as a potential therapeutic agent in CsA injury.


Assuntos
Arginina/uso terapêutico , Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas/prevenção & controle , Ciclosporina/efeitos adversos , Nefropatias/prevenção & controle , Trapidil/uso terapêutico , Vasodilatadores/uso terapêutico , Animais , Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas/etiologia , Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas/patologia , Imunossupressores/efeitos adversos , Nefropatias/induzido quimicamente , Nefropatias/patologia , Masculino , Óxido Nítrico/fisiologia , Estresse Oxidativo/fisiologia , Ratos , Ratos Wistar
18.
J Sex Med ; 7(10): 3510-5, 2010 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20584110

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Urinary incontinence impairs sexual functioning and sexual satisfaction. Traditional artificial urinary sphincter (AUS) implantation requires perineal incision for cuff placement and a second inguinal incision for reservoir and pump placement. We believed AUS could be placed easier and quicker through one scrotal incision. Aim. In an effort to effect more proximal placement of the cuff while keeping the advantages of the one scrotal incision technique, we report enhancements to the original surgical technique. METHODS: Thirty patients have been operated upon using the enhanced technique. A modification of the SKW retractor system (AMS) facilitates deep bulbar exposure. Twenty patients were first time implantations and 10 were revisions with five of the revisions having had the original AUS placed by traditional two-incision technique. Two of the first time AUS patients received an inflatable penile prosthesis through the same incision. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: We evaluated site of cuff placement, sizes of cuffs used, postoperative continence status. RESULTS: All of the virgin AUS required dissection of the bulbocavernosus muscle prior to cuff placement. In scrotally placed revisions, replacement cuffs were situated considerably proximal (4.5-7.5 cm) to the original cuff site. The perineal placed revisions were accomplished through a scrotal incision with replacement of two cuffs in the same site and the three other patients immediately distal. No intraoperative complications were seen. One patient developed scrotal hematoma requiring drainage. Only 15 patients are available for follow-up and all are socially continent (one pad or less). CONCLUSIONS: Transscrotal approach is used safely and efficiently for penile implants and AUS implantation. The new enhancements to the one-scrotal incision technique allow more proximal cuff placement as evidenced by the bulbocavernosus muscle dissection and use of larger cuffs. Continence rate is similar to rates achieved with perineal placement of cuff found in the literature.


Assuntos
Prostatectomia/métodos , Escroto/cirurgia , Esfíncter Urinário Artificial , Disfunção Erétil/prevenção & controle , Humanos , Masculino , Prostatectomia/efeitos adversos
19.
J Urol ; 183(6): 2300-3, 2010 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20400140

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Refractory ischemic priapism results in cavernous smooth muscle necrosis, fibrosis and eventual penile shortening. Immediate penile implant insertion for acute ischemic priapism is done to avoid consequent fibrosis and shortening but ineffective shunt surgery trials may lead to potential weakness and erosion at the corporeal tip. We evaluate nonabsorbable sling sutures to fix the implant cylinder in place and prevent protrusion through the weak corporeal tip. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We prospectively evaluated 12 men who presented with prolonged refractory ischemic priapism a median of 120 hours (range 60 to 168) in duration. All patients were unresponsive to conventional treatment and 11 had undergone unsuccessful shunt surgery. Early malleable penile prosthesis implantation had been done in all cases. To avoid possible distal protrusion a nonabsorbable sling suture was taken through the cylinder and the edges of the opened tunicae albuginea to fix the cylinder to the corporotomy edges. RESULTS: Penile implants were successfully inserted in all patients. No intraoperative or early postoperative complications were noted except in 1 with sickle cell priapism, in whom dilation led to unilateral corporeal perforation, which was managed intraoperatively. All patients were satisfied with the surgical results. No distal erosion was noted through the weak corporeal tip. No postoperative infection was reported at a median followup of 15 months (range 6 to 36). All patients successfully achieved sexual intercourse. CONCLUSIONS: Early penile prosthesis insertion for acute ischemic priapism is simple and successful. Distal cylinder protrusion through the defective corpora due to previous shunt surgery remains to confound surgical success. Nonabsorbable sling suture of the cylinder to the tunica albuginea is effective, simple and safe treatment for this formidable complication.


Assuntos
Isquemia/complicações , Prótese de Pênis , Priapismo/etiologia , Priapismo/cirurgia , Suturas , Adulto , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prótese de Pênis/efeitos adversos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/prevenção & controle , Estudos Prospectivos
20.
J Sex Med ; 6(9): 2615-20, 2009 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19619145

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Parylene coating was added to the silicone layers of the American Medical Systems (AMS) 700 controlled expansion (CX) penile prosthesis cylinders in January 2001. The coating was placed on non-tissue contacting silicone surfaces to increase lubricity, reduce friction, and silicone wear AIM: We compared mechanical reliability of the original and Parylene-enhanced AMS 700 CX in a large single surgical group series. METHODS: Seven hundred seventy-five consecutive patients receiving the AMS 700CX prosthesis (596 first time [virgin] and 179 revisions) were followed for 3 years. Four hundred fourteen received the non-coated model and 361 received the Parylene-coated device. Revision-free survival was estimated using the Kaplan-Meier product limit method and compared using the log-rank test. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: We calculated overall survival from revision for any reason and survival from mechanical problems such as fluid leakage, cylinder, connector or tubing breakage, pump or reservoir defects. RESULTS: For the entire series (virgin + revised) the 3-year revision free survival for any cause improved from 78.6% for non-coated to 87.4% for the Parylene-coated implants. Freedom from mechanical breakage showed similar improvement from 89.2% for the non-coated to 97.5% for enhanced models. CONCLUSIONS: This study documents that short-term mechanical reliability and survival from revision for any cause is significantly increased with Parylene-coated AMS 700CX cylinders compared with the earlier AMS 700CX model with non-coated cylinders.


Assuntos
Prótese de Pênis , Pênis/cirurgia , Polímeros/química , Xilenos/química , Desenho de Equipamento , Falha de Equipamento , Fricção , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Lubrificação , Masculino , Satisfação do Paciente , Silicones/química
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