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3.
Hepatology ; 2021 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34778999

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The burden of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is substantial. To address gaps in HCC care, the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases (AASLD) Practice Metrics Committee (PMC) aimed to develop a standard set of process-based measures and patient-reported outcomes along the HCC care continuum. APPROACH AND RESULTS: We identified candidate process and outcomes measures for HCC care based on structured literature review. A 13-member panel with content expertise across the HCC care continuum evaluated candidate measures on importance and performance gap using a modified Delphi approach (two rounds of rating) to define the final set of measures. Candidate patient-reported outcomes (PRO) based on a structured scoping review were ranked by 74 patients with HCC across 7 diverse institutions. Out of 135 measures, 29 measures made the final set. These covered surveillance (6 measures), diagnosis (6 measures), staging (2 measures), treatment (10 measures), and outcomes (5 measures). Examples included the use of ultrasound (± alpha-fetoprotein [AFP]) every 6 months, need for surveillance in high-risk populations, diagnostic testing for patients with a new AFP elevation, multidisciplinary liver tumor board (MLTB) review of Liver Imaging-Reporting and Data System 4 lesions, standard evaluation at diagnosis, treatment recommendations based on Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer staging, MLTB discussion of treatment options, appropriate referral for evaluation of liver transplantation candidacy, and role of palliative therapy. PROs include those related to pain, anxiety, fear of treatment, and uncertainty about the best individual treatment and the future. CONCLUSIONS: The AASLD PMC has developed a set of explicit quality measures in HCC care to help bridge the gap between guideline recommendations and measurable processes and outcomes. Measurement and subsequent implementation of these metrics could be a central step in the improvement of patient care and outcomes in this high-risk population.

4.
CVIR Endovasc ; 4(1): 73, 2021 Oct 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34632559

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Mediastinal and abdominal lymphatic malformations may not be diagnosed until adulthood. Radiologic and pathologic diagnosis is often challenging due to the rarity of the lesion. Surgical excision of these lesions may be curative but lymphatic leak is a known complication. Lymphatic duct embolization may then be required to treat the leak. CASE PRESENTATION: We describe a patient with post-surgical chylothorax where thoracic duct lymphangiography and embolization was performed by catheterizing the thoracic duct at the venous angle where it drains into the subclavian vein. CONCLUSION: Lymphatic duct embolization can be challenging in patients with lymphatic malformations. In these patients, if there is adequate visualization on ultrasound or fluoroscopy, terminal aspect of the thoracic duct can be accessed through the subclavian vein to perform the procedure.

5.
Semin Intervent Radiol ; 38(4): 419-424, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34629708

RESUMO

Surgical resection has long been considered curative for patients with early-stage hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, inadequate future liver remnant (FLR) renders many patients not amenable to surgery. Recently, lobar administration of yttrium-90 (Y90) radioembolization has been utilized to induce FLR hypertrophy while providing disease control, eventually facilitating resection in patients with hepatic malignancy. This has been termed "radiation lobectomy (RL)." The concept is evolving, with modified approaches combining RL and high-dose curative-intent radioembolization (radiation segmentectomy) to achieve tumor ablation. This article provides an overview of the concept and applications of RL, including technical considerations and outcomes in patients with hepatic malignancies.

6.
Semin Intervent Radiol ; 38(4): 432-437, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34629710

RESUMO

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the most common primary liver cancer and a major cause of cancer-related morbidity and mortality around the world. Frequently, concurrent liver dysfunction and variations in tumor burden make it difficult to design effective and standardized treatment pathways. Contemporary treatment guidelines designed for an era of personalized medicine should consider these features in a more clinically meaningful way to improve outcomes for patients across the HCC spectrum. Given the heterogeneity of HCC, we propose a detailed clinical algorithm for selecting optimal treatment using an evidence-based and practical approach, incorporating liver function, tumor burden, the extent of disease, and ultimate treatment intent, with the goal of individualizing clinical decision making.

7.
Semin Intervent Radiol ; 38(4): 479-481, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34629717

RESUMO

While initially described and now accepted as treatment for primary and secondary malignancies in the liver, radioembolization therapy has expanded to include treatment for other disease pathologies and other organ systems. Advantages and limitations for these treatments exist and must be compared against more traditional treatments for these processes. This article provides an overview of the current applications for radioembolization outside of the liver, for both malignant and nonmalignant disease.

8.
J Vasc Interv Radiol ; 32(11): 1569-1574.e11, 2021 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34717835

RESUMO

The purpose of this study was to define the optimal infusion parameters and operator radiation exposure for yttrium-90 (90Y) radioembolization in the VX2 rabbit model of liver cancer. Forty-one rabbits with VX2 were treated with glass microspheres with vial sizes of 1, 3, and 5 GBq. The mean administered activity was 51.5 MBq (95% CI, 39.1-63.9). Delivery efficiency improved with 1 GBq versus with 3 GBq (residual 11.0% vs 46.4%, respectively; P = .0013) and improved with 1 GBq versus with 5 GBq (residual 11.0% vs 33.8%, respectively; P = .0060). The mean operator extremity exposure was 41.7 µSv/infusion. The optimal minimum infusion volume and rate was 49 mL and 21 mL/min, respectively. Fecal elimination occurred with microsphere uptake in the gallbladder at 1 and 2 weeks. 90Y radioembolization can be safely and efficiently performed in the VX2 rabbit model. Methodological considerations as a "how-to" for the setup of a preclinical 90Y laboratory are included to support future translational research.

9.
Radiographics ; 41(6): 1802-1818, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34559587

RESUMO

Transarterial radioembolization (TARE) with yttrium 90 has increasingly been performed to treat hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). TARE was historically used as a palliative lobar therapy for patients with advanced HCC beyond surgical options, ablation, or transarterial chemoembolization, but recent advancements have led to its application across the Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer staging paradigm. Newer techniques, termed radiation lobectomy and radiation segmentectomy, are being performed before liver resection to facilitate hypertrophy of the future liver remnant, before liver transplant to bridge or downstage to transplant, or as a definite curative treatment. Imaging assessment of therapeutic response to TARE is challenging as the intent of TARE is to deliver local high-dose radiation to tumors through microembolic microspheres, preserving blood flow to promote radiation injury to the tumor. Because of the microembolic nature, early imaging assessment after TARE cannot rely solely on changes in size. Knowledge of the evolving methods of TARE along with the tools to assess posttreatment imaging and response is essential to optimize TARE as a therapeutic option for patients with HCC. ©RSNA, 2021.


Assuntos
Braquiterapia , Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Quimioembolização Terapêutica , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/diagnóstico por imagem , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/radioterapia , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Hepáticas/radioterapia , Microesferas
10.
J Clin Oncol ; 39(35): 3897-3907, 2021 Dec 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34541864

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To study the impact of transarterial Yttrium-90 radioembolization (TARE) in combination with second-line systemic chemotherapy for colorectal liver metastases (CLM). METHODS: In this international, multicenter, open-label phase III trial, patients with CLM who progressed on oxaliplatin- or irinotecan-based first-line therapy were randomly assigned 1:1 to receive second-line chemotherapy with or without TARE. The two primary end points were progression-free survival (PFS) and hepatic PFS (hPFS), assessed by blinded independent central review. Random assignment was performed using a web- or voice-based system stratified by unilobar or bilobar disease, oxaliplatin- or irinotecan-based first-line chemotherapy, and KRAS mutation status. RESULTS: Four hundred twenty-eight patients from 95 centers in North America, Europe, and Asia were randomly assigned to chemotherapy with or without TARE; this represents the intention-to-treat population and included 215 patients in the TARE plus chemotherapy group and 213 patients in the chemotherapy alone group. The hazard ratio (HR) for PFS was 0.69 (95% CI, 0.54 to 0.88; 1-sided P = .0013), with a median PFS of 8.0 (95% CI, 7.2 to 9.2) and 7.2 (95% CI, 5.7 to 7.6) months, respectively. The HR for hPFS was 0.59 (95% CI, 0.46 to 0.77; 1-sided P < .0001), with a median hPFS of 9.1 (95% CI, 7.8 to 9.7) and 7.2 (95% CI, 5.7 to 7.6) months, respectively. Objective response rates were 34.0% (95% CI, 28.0 to 40.5) and 21.1% (95% CI, 16.2 to 27.1; 1-sided P = .0019) for the TARE and chemotherapy groups, respectively. Median overall survival was 14.0 (95% CI, 11.8 to 15.5) and 14.4 months (95% CI, 12.8 to 16.4; 1-sided P = .7229) with a HR of 1.07 (95% CI, 0.86 to 1.32) for TARE and chemotherapy groups, respectively. Grade 3 adverse events were reported more frequently with TARE (68.4% v 49.3%). Both groups received full chemotherapy dose intensity. CONCLUSION: The addition of TARE to systemic therapy for second-line CLM led to longer PFS and hPFS. Further subset analyses are needed to better define the ideal patient population that would benefit from TARE.

11.
J Gastrointest Surg ; 25(10): 2690-2699, 2021 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34345997

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The incidence of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) has been rising, and 80% of HCCs are unresectable at the time of presentation. In recent years, Yttrium-90 (Y90) radioembolization has arisen as a potential tool to treat the primary HCC tumor while also inducing contralateral liver hypertrophy to increase future liver remnant volumes. The goal of this multidisciplinary review is to summarize the contemporary evidence on the safety, efficacy, and utility of Y90 as a bridge to liver resection and transplant in patients with HCC. METHODS: A narrative review was conducted of the recent literature regarding the utilization of Y90 as a therapy prior to liver resection or transplant in patients with HCC. A specific emphasis was placed on articles published in the last 10 years. RESULTS: Y90 radioembolization has demonstrated a high safety profile and increasing utility in bridging and downstaging patients with HCC who subsequently undergo liver resection or transplant. The continuous advancements in treatment strategies and radiation dosimetry have paved the way for the incorporation of Y90 in all stages of HCC with different intents, including downstaging and bridging. CONCLUSIONS: Y90 radioembolization can be safely used in the HCC population to bridge patients to resection or transplantation, induce future liver remnant growth, and select for less aggressive tumor biology prior to surgery.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Embolização Terapêutica , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/cirurgia , Hepatectomia , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento , Radioisótopos de Ítrio
12.
Nucl Med Commun ; 42(10): 1064-1075, 2021 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34347658

RESUMO

Radioembolization, also known as selective internal radiation therapy (SIRT), is an established treatment for the management of patients with unresectable liver tumors. Advances in liver dosimetry and new knowledge about tumor dose-response relationships have helped promote the well-tolerated use of higher prescribed doses, consequently transitioning radioembolization from palliative to curative therapy. Lung dosimetry, unfortunately, has not seen the same advances in dose calculation methodology and renewed consensus in dose limits as normal liver and tumor dosimetry. Therefore, the efficacy of curative radioembolization may be compromised in patients where the current lung dose calculations unnecessarily limit the administered activity. The field is thus at a stage where a systematic review and update of lung dose limits is necessary to advance the clinical practice of radioembolization. This work summarizes the historical context and literature for origins of the current lung dose limits following radioembolization, that is, the 25-year-old, single institution, small patient cohort series that helped establish the lung shunt fraction and dose limits. Newer clinical evidence based on larger patient cohorts that challenges the historical data on lung dose limits are then discussed. We conclude by revisiting the rationale for current lung dose limits and by proposing a staged approach to advance the field of lung dosimetry and thus the practice of radioembolization as a whole.

13.
Semin Intervent Radiol ; 38(3): 321-329, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34393342

RESUMO

Acute cholangitis presents with a wide severity spectrum and can rapidly deteriorate from local infection to multiorgan failure and fatal sepsis. The pathophysiology, diagnosis, and general management principles will be discussed in this review article. The focus of this article will be on the role of biliary drainage performed by interventional radiology to manage acute cholangitis. There are specific scenarios where percutaneous drainage should be preferred over endoscopic drainage. Percutaneous transhepatic and transjejunal biliary drainage are both options available to interventional radiology. Additionally, interventional radiology is now able to manage these patients beyond providing acute biliary drainage including cholangioplasty, stenting, and percutaneous cholangioscopy/biopsy.

14.
Semin Intervent Radiol ; 38(3): 373-376, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34393348

RESUMO

We are at an exciting cross-road in biliary interventions. While other services such as surgery and gastroenterology have learned to use imaging guidance to improve the safety and efficacy of their procedures, it is time for interventional radiologist to learn endoscopic interventions to achieve the same. The future of interventional radiologists in managing patients with biliary disease depends on (1) increasing comfort of our procedures, (2) publishing our data on biliary interventions, and (3) increasing collaboration with other services to manage biliary disease. We need to appropriately understand the limitations of interventional radiology to help guide the future directions of our specialty in this very interesting space.

15.
Clin Imaging ; 80: 160-166, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34332465

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Splenic artery pseudoaneurysms (PSA) are relatively rare but associated with high mortality/morbidity when presenting acutely. Embolization has emerged as the treatment of choice. We aim to evaluate the outcomes of embolization for the treatment of splenic artery PSAs. METHODS: From 2007 to 2019, all patients that underwent embolization for splenic artery PSAs were included in this IRB-approved review. Evaluated outcomes included complications, morbidity/mortality rates, and 30-day white blood cell count. Student t-tests were performed to compare laboratory values before and after embolization. 5-year survival rates were estimated using Kaplan Meier methodology. RESULTS: A retrospective analysis of 24 patients (14 males, mean age 51 ± 19 years) who underwent splenic artery PSA embolization was performed. Fifteen PSA embolizations were performed in an emergent setting. There was technical success in 23/24 patients. Etiologies included trauma (10), pancreatitis (9), post-surgical (3), and malignancy (2). Post-embolization patients had a mean length of stay of 19 days and within 30 days, 9 patients developed leukocytosis (median of 14,800/µl). The 5-year survival rate of these patients was 89% [95% CI 75% - 100%]. Post-procedure, 4 patients developed grade 2 complications. Grade 3 complications were observed in 5 patients. One (4.2%) splenic abscess was identified. Of the 19 patients with follow-up imaging, 14 patients had splenic infarcts (5 infarcts were >50% of splenic volume). CONCLUSIONS: Splenic artery PSAs are encountered in the emergent setting and are most frequently secondary to trauma or pancreatitis. Embolization can be life-saving in these critically ill patients.


Assuntos
Falso Aneurisma , Embolização Terapêutica , Esplenopatias , Adulto , Idoso , Falso Aneurisma/diagnóstico por imagem , Falso Aneurisma/terapia , Embolização Terapêutica/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Artéria Esplênica/diagnóstico por imagem , Resultado do Tratamento
16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34274511

RESUMO

Complications of portal hypertension, including ascites, gastrointestinal bleeding, hepatic hydrothorax, and hepatic encephalopathy, are associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Despite few high-quality randomized controlled trials to guide therapeutic decisions, transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) creation has emerged as a crucial therapeutic option to treat complications of portal hypertension. In North America, the decision to perform TIPS involves gastroenterologists, hepatologists, and interventional radiologists, but TIPS creation is performed by interventional radiologists. This is in contrast to other parts of the world where TIPS creation is performed primarily by hepatologists. Thus, the successful use of TIPS in North America is dependent on a multidisciplinary approach and technical expertise, so as to optimize outcomes. Recently, new procedural techniques, TIPS stent technology, and indications for TIPS have emerged. As a result, practices and outcomes vary greatly across institutions and significant knowledge gaps exist. In this consensus statement, the Advancing Liver Therapeutic Approaches group critically reviews the application of TIPS in the management of portal hypertension. Advancing Liver Therapeutic Approaches convened a multidisciplinary group of North American experts from hepatology, interventional radiology, transplant surgery, nephrology, cardiology, pulmonology, and hematology to critically review existing literature and develop practice-based recommendations for the use of TIPS in patients with any cause of portal hypertension in terms of candidate selection, procedural best practices and, post-TIPS management; and to develop areas of consensus for TIPS indications and the prevention of complications. Finally, future research directions are identified related to TIPS for the management of portal hypertension.

17.
Cancer Med ; 10(16): 5437-5447, 2021 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34189869

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: IMbrave150 is a phase III trial that assessed atezolizumab + bevacizumab (ATEZO/BEV) versus sorafenib (SOR) in patients with unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and demonstrated a significant improvement in clinical outcomes. Exploratory analyses characterized objective response rate (ORR), depth (DpR), and duration of response (DoR), and patients with a complete response (CR). METHODS: Patients were randomized 2:1 to intravenous ATEZO (1200 mg) + BEV (15 mg/kg) every 3 weeks or oral SOR (400 mg) twice daily. Tumors were evaluated using Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors version 1.1 (RECIST 1.1) and HCC-modified RECIST (mRECIST). ORR by prior treatment and largest baseline liver lesion size, DoR, time to response (TTR), and complete response (TTCR) were analyzed. RESULTS: For both criteria, responses favored ATEZO/BEV versus SOR regardless of prior treatment and in patients with lesions ≥3 cm. Median TTR was 2.8 months per RECIST 1.1 (range: 1.2-12.3 months) and 2.8 months per mRECIST (range: 1.1-12.3 months) with ATEZO/BEV. Patients receiving ATEZO/BEV had a greater DpR, per both criteria, across baseline liver lesion sizes. Characteristics of complete responders were similar to those of the intent-to-treat population. In complete responders receiving ATEZO/BEV per mRECIST versus RECIST 1.1, respectively, median TTCR was shorter (5.5 vs. 7.0 months), mean baseline sum of lesion diameter was longer (5.0 [SD, 5.1] vs. 2.6 [SD, 1.4] cm), and mean largest liver lesion size was larger (4.8 [SD, 4.2] vs. 2.3 [SD, 1.0] cm). CONCLUSIONS: These data highlight the improved ORR, DpR, and CR rates with ATEZO/BEV in unresectable HCC.

18.
Hepatology ; 74(5): 2735-2744, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34021505

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Extrahepatic portal vein occlusion (EHPVO) from portal vein thrombosis is a rare condition associated with substantial morbidity and mortality. The purpose of this study is to investigate the efficacy of transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunts (TIPS) for the treatment of chronic EHPVO, cavernomatosis, and mesenteric venous thrombosis in adults without cirrhosis who are refractory to standard-of-care therapy. APPROACH AND RESULTS: Thirty-nine patients with chronic EHPVO received TIPS. Laboratory parameters and follow-up were assessed at 1, 3, 6, 12, and 24 months, and every 6 months thereafter. Two hepatologists adjudicated symptom improvement attributable to mesenteric thrombosis and EHPVO before/after TIPS. Kaplan-Meier was used to assess primary and overall TIPS patency, assessing procedural success. Adverse events, radiation exposure, hospital length-of-stay and patency were recorded. Cavernoma was present in 100%, with TIPS being successful in all cases using splenic, mesenteric, and transhepatic approaches. Symptom improvement was noted in 26 of 30 (87%) at 6-month follow-up. Twelve patients (31%) experienced TIPS thrombosis. There were no significant long-term laboratory adverse events or deaths. At 36 months, freedom from primary TIPS thrombosis was 63%; following secondary interventions, overall patency was increased to 81%. CONCLUSIONS: TIPS in chronic, noncirrhotic EHPVO with cavernomas and mesenteric venous thrombosis is technically feasible and does not adversely affect liver function. Most patients demonstrate subjective and objective benefit from TIPS. Improvement in patency rates are needed with proper timing of adjuvant anticoagulation.

19.
Brachytherapy ; 20(3): 497-511, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33824051

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The American College of Radiology (ACR), American Brachytherapy Society (ABS), American College of Nuclear Medicine (ACNM), American Society for Radiation Oncology (ASTRO), Society of Interventional Radiology (SIR), and Society of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging (SNMMI) have jointly developed a practice parameter on selective internal radiation therapy (SIRT) or radioembolization for treatment of liver malignancies. Radioembolization is the embolization of the hepatic arterial supply of hepatic primary tumors or metastases with a microsphere yttrium-90 brachytherapy device. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The ACR -ABS -ACNM -ASTRO -SIR -SNMMI practice parameter for SIRT or radioembolization for treatment of liver malignancies was revised in accordance with the process described on the ACR website (https://www.acr.org/ClinicalResources/Practice-Parameters-and-Technical-Standards) by the Committee on Practice Parameters-Interventional and Cardiovascular Radiology of the ACR Commission on Interventional and Cardiovascular, Committee on Practice Parameters and Technical Standards-Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging of the ACR Commission on Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging and the Committee on Practice Parameters-Radiation Oncology of the ACR Commission on Radiation Oncology in collaboration with ABS, ACNM, ASTRO, SIR, and SNMMI. RESULTS: This practice parameter is developed to serve as a tool in the appropriate application of radioembolization in the care of patients with conditions where indicated. It addresses clinical implementation of radioembolization including personnel qualifications, quality assurance standards, indications, and suggested documentation. CONCLUSIONS: This practice parameter is a tool to guide clinical use of radioembolization. It focuses on the best practices and principles to consider when using radioemboliozation effectively. The clinical benefit and medical necessity of the treatment should be tailored to each individual patient.


Assuntos
Braquiterapia , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Medicina Nuclear , Radioterapia (Especialidade) , Braquiterapia/métodos , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Hepáticas/radioterapia , Imagem Molecular , Radioisótopos de Ítrio/uso terapêutico
20.
Cardiovasc Intervent Radiol ; 44(7): 1070-1080, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33825060

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) treatment allocation, deviation from BCLC first-treatment recommendation, and outcomes following multidisciplinary, individualized approach. METHODS: Treatment-naïve HCC discussed at multidisciplinary tumor board (MDT) between 2010 and 2013 were included to allow minimum 5 years of follow-up. MDT first-treatment recommendation (resection, transplant, ablation, transarterial radioembolization (Y90), transarterial chemoembolization, sorafenib, palliation) was documented, as were subsequent treatments. Overall survival (OS) analyses were performed on an intention-to-treat (ITT) basis, stratified by BCLC stage. RESULTS: Three hundred and twenty-one patients were treated in the 4-year period. Median age was 62 years, predominantly male (73%), hepatitis C (41%), and Y90 initial treatment (52%). There was a 76% rate of BCLC-discordant first-treatment. Median OS was not reached (57% alive at 10 years), 51.0 months, 25.4 months and 13.4 months for BCLC stages A, B, C and D, respectively. CONCLUSION: Deviation from BCLC guidelines was very common when individualized, MDT treatment recommendations were made. This approach yielded expected OS in BCLC A, and exceeded general guideline expectations for BCLC B, C and D. These results suggest that while guidelines are helpful, implementing a more personalized approach that incorporates center expertise, patient-specific characteristics, and the known multi-directional treatment allocation process, improves patient outcomes.


Assuntos
Algoritmos , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Braquiterapia/métodos , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/terapia , Quimioembolização Terapêutica/métodos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/terapia , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/diagnóstico , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/diagnóstico , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Resultado do Tratamento
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