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Isr Med Assoc J ; 22(1): 27-31, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31927802


BACKGROUND: Congenital heart defects (CHD) may be associated with neurodevelopmental abnormalities mainly due to brain hypoperfusion. This defect is attributed to the major cardiac operations these children underwent, but also to hemodynamic instability during fetal life. Advances in imaging techniques have identified changes in brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)in children with CHD. OBJECTIVES: To examine the correlation between CHD and brain injury using fetal brain MRI. METHODS: We evaluated 46 fetuses diagnosed with CHD who underwent brain MRI. CHD was classified according to in situs anomalies, 4 chamber view (4CV), outflow tracts, arches, and veins as well as cyanotic or complex CHD. We compared MRI results of different classes of CHD and CHD fetuses to a control group of 113 healthy brain MRI examinations. RESULTS: No significant differences were found in brain pathologies among different classifications of CHD. The anteroposterior percentile of the vermis was significantly smaller in fetuses with abnormal 4CV. A significantly higher biparietal diameter was found in fetuses with abnormal arches. A significantly smaller transcerebellar diameter was found in fetuses with abnormal veins. Compared to the control group, significant differences were found in overall brain pathology in cortex abnormalities and in extra axial findings in the study group. Significantly higher rates of overall brain pathologies, ventricle pathologies, cortex pathologies, and biometrical parameters were found in the cyanotic group compared to the complex group and to the control group. CONCLUSIONS: Fetuses with CHD demonstrate findings in brain MRI that suggest an in utero pathogenesis of the neurological and cognitive anomalies found during child development.

Lesões Encefálicas/embriologia , Feto/diagnóstico por imagem , Cardiopatias Congênitas/etiologia , Adulto , Encéfalo/diagnóstico por imagem , Encéfalo/embriologia , Encéfalo/patologia , Lesões Encefálicas/complicações , Lesões Encefálicas/diagnóstico por imagem , Lesões Encefálicas/patologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Ecocardiografia , Feminino , Cardiopatias Congênitas/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Neuroimagem , Gravidez , Diagnóstico Pré-Natal/métodos
J Clin Ultrasound ; 2019 Nov 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31777971


OBJECTIVE: "Bovine aortic arch" is the second most common variant of aortic arch branching, in which only two branches originate directly from the aorta. The prevalence of this condition has been reported in different studies to be around 6% in human fetuses and 11-27% in the adult population. In this study, we describe the prevalence of bovine aortic arch in fetuses, and assess the prevalence of concomitant fetal anomalies. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of 417 fetuses between 15-40 weeks of gestation. Data regarding branching of the fetal aortic arch and other fetal anomalies were collected by fetal echocardiography and/or fetal ultrasonography. RESULTS: A bovine arch was found in 20/413 fetuses (4.8%, 95CI 3.1-7.3%), of whom 14/310 (4.5%) had no fetal anomalies, and 6/77 (7.8%) exhibited minor changes (P = .241). None of the 26 fetuses with major anomalies had a bovine arch. CONCLUSION: Fetuses in this study had a lower prevalence of bovine aortic arch than that previously reported in adults, most probably due to differences in the population examined. This study was underpowered to determine that bovine arch is a common anatomic variant, and is not associated with fetal anomalies.