Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 78
Filtrar
1.
Arq Bras Cardiol ; 2021 Feb 08.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33566937

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In the COVID-19 pandemic, the increase in the incidence of cardiovascular diseases (CVD) and mortality from them has been recognized worldwide. In Brazil, the impact of COVID-19 on CVD must be evaluated. OBJECTIVES: To assess the impact of the current pandemic on the numbers of hospital admissions (HA), in-hospital deaths (ID), and in-hospital fatality (IF) from CVD by use of national epidemiological data from the Brazilian Unified Public Health System. METHODS: Time-series observational study using comparative analysis of the HA, ID, and IF due to CVD recorded from January to May 2020, having as reference the values registered in the same period from 2016 to 2019 and the values projected by linear regression methods for 2020. The statistical significance level applied was 0.05. RESULTS: Compared to the same period in 2019, there was a 15% decrease in the HA rate and a 9% decrease in the total ID due to CVD between March and May 2020, followed by a 9% increase in the IF rate due to CVD, especially among patients aged 20-59 years. The HA and IF rates registered in 2020 differed significantly from the projected trend for 2020 (p = 0.0005 and 0.0318, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: During the first months of the pandemic, there were a decline in HA and an increase in IF due to CVD in Brazil. These data might have resulted from the inadequate planning of the CVD management during the pandemic. Thus, immediate actions are required to change this scenario. (Arq Bras Cardiol. 2021; [online].ahead print, PP.0-0).

2.
ESC Heart Fail ; 2021 Jan 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33498096

RESUMO

AIMS: Patients with advanced heart failure (HF) with reduced left ventricular ejection fraction (HFrEF) and concurrent coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) might have a higher risk of severe events. METHODS AND RESULTS: We retrospectively studied 16 patients with advanced HFrEF who developed COVID-19 between 1 March and 29 May 2020. Follow-up lasted until 30 September. Ten patients previously hospitalized with decompensated HFrEF were infected with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) during hospitalization. Six patients undergoing ambulatory care at initiation of COVID-19 symptoms were hospitalized because of advanced HFrEF. All patients who experienced worsening of HFrEF due to COVID-19 required higher doses or introduction of additional inotropic drugs or intra-aortic balloon pump in the intensive care unit. The mean intravenous dobutamine dose before SARS-CoV-2 infection in previously hospitalized patients (n = 10) and the median (inter-quartile range) peak intravenous dobutamine dose during SARS-CoV-2 infection in all patients (n = 16) were 2 (0-7) µg/kg/min and 20 (14-20) (P < 0.001), respectively. During follow-up, 56% underwent heart transplantation (n = 2) or died (n = 7). Four patients died during hospitalization from mixed shock consequent to severe acute respiratory syndrome with inflammatory storm syndrome associated with septic and cardiogenic shock during COVID-19. After COVID-19 recovery, two patients died from mixed septic and cardiogenic shock and one from sustained ventricular tachycardia and cardiogenic shock. Five patients were discharged from hospital to ambulatory care. Four were awaiting heart transplantation. CONCLUSION: Worsening of advanced HF by COVID-19 is associated with high mortality. This report highlights the importance of preventing COVID-19 in patients with advanced HF.

3.
ESC Heart Fail ; 7(5): 2431-2439, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32608172

RESUMO

AIMS: Left ventricular non-compaction cardiomyopathy (LVNC) is a genetic heart disease, with heart failure, arrhythmias, and embolic events as main clinical manifestations. The goal of this study was to analyse a large set of echocardiographic (echo) and cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMRI) parameters using machine learning (ML) techniques to find imaging predictors of clinical outcomes in a long-term follow-up of LVNC patients. METHODS AND RESULTS: Patients with echo and/or CMRI criteria of LVNC, followed from January 2011 to December 2017 in the heart failure section of a tertiary referral cardiologic hospital, were enrolled in a retrospective study. Two-dimensional colour Doppler echocardiography and subsequent CMRI were carried out. Twenty-four hour Holter monitoring was also performed in all patients. Death, cardiac transplantation, heart failure hospitalization, aborted sudden cardiac death, complex ventricular arrhythmias (sustained and non-sustained ventricular tachycardia), and embolisms (i.e. stroke, pulmonary thromboembolism and/or peripheral arterial embolism) were registered and were referred to as major adverse cardiovascular events (MACEs) in this study. Recruited for the study were 108 LVNC patients, aged 38.3 ± 15.5 years, 48.1% men, diagnosed by echo and CMRI criteria. They were followed for 5.8 ± 3.9 years, and MACEs were registered. CMRI and echo parameters were analysed via a supervised ML methodology. Forty-seven (43.5%) patients had at least one MACE. The best performance of imaging variables was achieved by combining four parameters: left ventricular (LV) ejection fraction (by CMRI), right ventricular (RV) end-systolic volume (by CMRI), RV systolic dysfunction (by echo), and RV lower diameter (by CMRI) with accuracy, sensitivity, and specificity rates of 75.5%, 77%, 75%, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings show the importance of biventricular assessment to detect the severity of this cardiomyopathy and to plan for early clinical intervention. In addition, this study shows that even patients with normal LV function and negative late gadolinium enhancement had MACE. ML is a promising tool for analysing a large set of parameters to stratify and predict prognosis in LVNC patients.

4.
ESC Heart Fail ; 7(3): 1186-1189, 2020 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32304161

RESUMO

The use of sacubitril/valsartan significantly reduces death or hospitalization in patients with ejection fraction < 40%. There is no study evaluating this drug effects in non-compaction cardiomyopathy (NCCM) individuals. The aim of this article is to report a case of a patient with NCCM initially refractory to gold standard treatment and afterwards treated with sacubitril/valsartan and its improvements. This is a case report of a 48-year-old woman, presenting with NCCM heart failure, who had received standard guideline-directed medical therapy for 18 months without any improvement in clinical and echocardiographic parameters. After that period, sacubitril/valsartan was initiated. After 18 months of refractory usage of guideline-directed medical therapy, sacubitril/valsartan was started, and significant change in functional class (III to I) and important ventricular remodelling were achieved with an improvement of 29% in the ejection fraction, reduction of 7 mm in ventricular diastolic diameter, and mild to none mitral valve functional regurgitation. In this case report, sacubitril/valsartan use was associated with improvement of echocardiographic and clinical parameters in a patient with NCCM.

10.
Expert Opin Drug Saf ; 18(5): 393-402, 2019 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31074301

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) is associated with a worse outcome. Heart rate (HR) is related to outcome in HFrEF. Ivabradine selectively inhibits If (funny) channels in a concentration-dependent manner reducing HR. AREAS COVERED: The effects of ivabradine in HF were reviewed. The SHIFT trial results indicated that ivabradine improves chronic HFrEF outcomes, whereas published data suggest that amiodarone, digoxin, or verapamil may not be safe or the safety is controversial in HFrEF patients. In the CONSTATHE-DHF study, ivabradine reduced HR and improved left ventricular (LV) ejection fraction, LV diastolic functions, and right ventricle function in acute decompensated HF (ADHF). In chagasic patients, ivabradine reduced HR and a trend toward reduction in all-cause death was observed with ivabradine (p = 0.07). In children with HFrEF, ivabradine increased NYHA functional class. The most common side effects with ivabradine are bradycardia, atrial fibrillation, and phosphenes. Ivabradine was approved for HFrEF treatment by the EMA and FDA and seems to be cost-effective in HFrEF treatment. Ivabradine is indicated for HFrEF by the ESC HF Guidelines (IIa) and by the 2016 ACC/AHA/HFSA Guidelines (IIa-B-R). EXPERT OPINION: Published evidences demonstrate that ivabradine improves the outcome of chronic HFrEF and it seems to have a promising role in ADHF.


Assuntos
Fármacos Cardiovasculares/administração & dosagem , Insuficiência Cardíaca/tratamento farmacológico , Ivabradina/administração & dosagem , Animais , Fármacos Cardiovasculares/efeitos adversos , Fármacos Cardiovasculares/farmacologia , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Insuficiência Cardíaca/fisiopatologia , Frequência Cardíaca/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Ivabradina/efeitos adversos , Ivabradina/farmacologia , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Volume Sistólico/efeitos dos fármacos , Função Ventricular Esquerda/efeitos dos fármacos
11.
Int J Cardiovasc Imaging ; 35(5): 845-854, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30623354

RESUMO

Cardiac involvement in systemic light chain (AL) amyloidosis carries a poor prognosis mainly through involvement of the left ventricular (LV) myocardium. Despite its limitations, two-dimensional transthoracic echocardiography (2D-TTE) remains the main tool used for the assessment of LV systolic function in AL patients. We hypothesize that 3D-TTE coupled with speckle tracking imaging allows earlier detection of LV systolic dysfunction than 2D-TTE in AL amyloidosis. We prospectively studied 71 subjects including 58 patients with confirmed AL amyloidosis (mean age 66 ± 10 years, 60% male) and 21 healthy control (mean age 64 ± 7 years, 48% male) from 2011 to 2014 at the University Hospital of Limoges. The AL patients were divided into three groups according to Mayo Clinic (MC) staging and all subjects underwent 2D-TTE and 3D-TTE at the same setting. Using 2D-TTE, there was no significant difference in LV ejection fraction (EF) between the groups [LVEF = 63 ± 7% (control), 59 ± 6% (MC stage I), 60 ± 8% (MC stage II) and 57 ± 14% (MC stage III) (p = 0.24)]. In contrast, 3D-TTE demonstrated significantly worse LV systolic function in stage II and III patients using 3D-LVEF [MC II and III 45 ± 8% and 39 ± 12% vs. control 53 ± 8% (p < 0.0001)], global longitudinal strain (GLS) [MC II and III - 11 ± 4% and - 8 ± 3% vs. control - 15 ± 3% (p < 0.0001)] and global radial strain (GRS) [MC II and III 14 ± 9% and 10 ± 8% vs. control 25 ± 10% (p < 0.0001)]. Furthermore, MC III patients had significantly worse global circumferential strain and area tracking [- 17 ± 6% and - 25 ± 8% vs. - 24 ± 7% and - 36 ± 7% for control (p < 0.0001)]. Additionally, MC I had significantly better 3D GLS, GRS and global strain (- 15 ± 3%, 25 ± 10% and 28 ± 12%) than MC II (- 11 ± 4%, 14 ± 9% and 16 ± 10%) and MC III patients (- 8 ± 3%, 10 ± 8% and 12 ± 8%), respectively. Despite an apparently preserved LVEF by 2D-TTE, AL patients in MC stage II and III demonstrate evidence of LV systolic dysfunction by 3D imaging using LVEF and strain analysis. Worse LV involvement by AL amyloidosis was associated with more impaired 3D-TTE LV systolic parameters.


Assuntos
Cardiomiopatias/diagnóstico por imagem , Ecocardiografia Tridimensional , Amiloidose de Cadeia Leve de Imunoglobulina/diagnóstico por imagem , Volume Sistólico , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/diagnóstico por imagem , Função Ventricular Esquerda , Idoso , Cardiomiopatias/imunologia , Cardiomiopatias/fisiopatologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Bases de Dados Factuais , Diagnóstico Precoce , Feminino , Humanos , Amiloidose de Cadeia Leve de Imunoglobulina/imunologia , Amiloidose de Cadeia Leve de Imunoglobulina/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Estudos Prospectivos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Sístole , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/imunologia , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/fisiopatologia
14.
PLoS One ; 13(9): e0202731, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30192778

RESUMO

The study aimed at evaluating the effects of combined aerobic and resistance exercise training on cardiac morphometry and function, oxidative stress and inflammatory parameters in diabetic ovariectomized rats. For this, female Wistar rats (10 weeks-old) were divided into 4 groups (n = 8): euglycemic (E), diabetic (streptozotocin, 50 mg/kg, iv) (D), diabetic ovariectomized (DO) and trained diabetic ovariectomized (TDO). The combined exercise training was performed on a treadmill and in a ladder adapted to rats (8 weeks, at 40-60% of maximal capacity). The left ventricle (LV) morphometry and function were evaluated by echocardiography. Oxidative stress and inflammatory markers were measured on ventricles tissue. The sedentary diabetic animals (D and DO) showed impaired systolic and diastolic functions, as well as increased cardiac overload, evaluated by myocardial performance index (MPI- D: 0.32 ± 0.05; DO: 0.39 ± 0.13 vs. E: 0.25 ± 0.07), in relation to E group. Systolic and MPI dysfunctions were exacerbated in DO when compared to D group. The DO group presented higher protein oxidation and TNF-α/IL-10 ratio than D groups. Glutathione redox ratio (GSH/GSSG) and IL-10 were decreased in both D and DO groups when compared to E group. Exercise training improved exercise capacity, systolic and diastolic functions and MPI (0.18±0.11). The TDO group showed reduced protein oxidation and TNF-α/IL-10 ratio and increased GSH/GSSG and IL-10 in relation to the DO group. These results showed that combined exercise training was able to attenuate the cardiac dysfunctions, probably by reducing inflammation and oxidative stress in an experimental model of diabetes and menopause.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus/fisiopatologia , Coração/fisiopatologia , Menopausa , Treinamento de Resistência , Animais , Diabetes Mellitus/metabolismo , Diabetes Mellitus/terapia , Feminino , Estresse Oxidativo , Ratos , Ratos Wistar
15.
PLoS Negl Trop Dis ; 12(2): e0006207, 2018 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29432453

RESUMO

AIMS: Explore the association between clinical findings and prognosis in patients with acute decompensated heart failure (ADHF) and analyze the influence of etiology on clinical presentation and prognosis. METHODS AND RESULTS: Prospective cohort of 500 patients admitted with ADHF from Aug/2013-Feb/2016; patients were predominantly male (61.8%), median age was 58 (IQ25-75% 47-66 years); etiology was dilated cardiomyopathy in 141 (28.2%), ischemic heart disease in 137 (27.4%), and Chagas heart disease in 113 (22.6%). Patients who died (154 [30.8%]) or underwent heart transplantation (53[10.6%]) were younger (56 years [IQ25-75% 45-64 vs 60 years, IQ25-75% 49-67], P = 0.032), more frequently admitted for cardiogenic shock (20.3% vs 6.8%, P<0.001), had longer duration of symptoms (14 days [IQ25-75% 4-32.8 vs 7.5 days, IQ25-75% 2-31], P = 0.004), had signs of congestion (90.8% vs 76.5%, P<0.001) and inadequate perfusion more frequently (45.9% vs 28%, P<0.001), and had lower blood pressure (90 [IQ25-75% 80-100 vs 100, IQ25-75% 90-120], P<0.001). In a logistic regression model analysis, systolic blood pressure (P<0.001, OR 0.97 [95%CI 0.96-0.98] per mmHg) and jugular distention (P = 0.004, OR 1.923 [95%CI 1.232-3.001]) were significant. Chagas patients were more frequently admitted for cardiogenic shock (15%) and syncope/arrhythmia (20.4%). Pulmonary congestion was rare among Chagas patients and blood pressure was lower. The rate of in-hospital death or heart transplant was higher among patients with Chagas (50.5%). CONCLUSIONS: A physical exam may identify patients at higher risk in a contemporaneous population. Our findings support specific therapies targeted at Chagas patients in the setting of ADHF.


Assuntos
Cardiomiopatia Chagásica/patologia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/patologia , Função Ventricular , Idoso , Cardiomiopatia Chagásica/mortalidade , Feminino , Hospitalização , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Análise de Sobrevida
16.
Open Heart ; 5(2): e000923, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30687507

RESUMO

Objectives: The prognostic significance of transient use of inotropes has been sufficiently studied in recent heart failure (HF) populations. We hypothesised that risk stratification in these patients could contribute to patient selection for advanced therapies. Methods: We analysed a prospective cohort of adult patients admitted with decompensated HF and ejection fraction (left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF)) less than 50%. We explored the outcomes of patients requiring inotropic therapy during hospital admission and after discharge. Results: The study included 737 patients, (64.0% male), with a median age of 58 years (IQR 48-66 years). Main aetiologies were dilated cardiomyopathy in 273 (37.0%) patients, ischaemic heart disease in 195 (26.5%) patients and Chagas disease in 163 (22.1%) patients. Median LVEF was 26 % (IQR 22%-35%). Inotropes were used in 518 (70.3%) patients. In 431 (83.2%) patients, a single inotrope was administered. Inotropic therapy was associated with higher risk of in-hospital death/urgent heart transplant (OR=10.628, 95% CI 5.055 to 22.344, p<0.001). At 180-day follow-up, of the 431 patients discharged home, 39 (9.0%) died, 21 (4.9%) underwent transplantation and 183 (42.4%) were readmitted. Inotropes were not associated with outcome (death, transplant and rehospitalisation) after discharge. Conclusions: Inotropic drugs are still widely used in patients with advanced decompensated HF and are associated with a worse in-hospital prognosis. In contrast with previous results, intermittent use of inotropes during hospitalisation did not determine a worse prognosis at 180-day follow-up. These data may add to prognostic evaluation in patients with advanced HF in centres where mechanical circulatory support is not broadly available.

17.
Can J Physiol Pharmacol ; 96(6): 541-549, 2018 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29120671

RESUMO

Myocardial remodeling includes inappropriate collagen deposition in the interstitium. Erythropoietin (EPO) may have cardioprotective effects. We aimed to assess the role of EPO on myocardial remodeling during the chronic phase. We studied 60 Wistar rats divided into the following groups: control (CT), control + EPO (CT + EPO), myocardial infarction + EPO (MI + EPO), and myocardial infarction (MI). The interstitial collagen volume fraction (ICVF) was quantified and echocardiography was performed. We quantified asymmetric dimethylarginine and glutathione by ELISA, and used real-time PCR to assess apoptosis and inflammation. Western blotting was used to evaluate inflammatory proteins and tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases (TIMPs), and TUNEL staining was used to detect apoptosis. For matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), we performed zymography. Parametric and nonparametric analyses were performed according to normality testing. ICVF was greater in MI groups (p < 0.001) and was attenuated by EPO (p = 0.05). The MMP-2 did not show any difference between groups. The TIMP-1 and TIMP-2 did not have difference between groups. The MI groups had worse fraction shortening (p < 0.001), without EPO protection (p = 0.666). The MI groups had increased left ventricle diastolic dimension (p < 0.001) without EPO attenuation (p = 0.79). EPO did not act on oxidative stress. Apoptosis and inflammation were not modulated by EPO. We concluded that EPO attenuated interstitial collagen accumulation, but did not protect from heart dilation or dysfunction.


Assuntos
Colágeno/metabolismo , Eritropoetina/farmacologia , Coração/efeitos dos fármacos , Infarto do Miocárdio/metabolismo , Miocárdio/metabolismo , Animais , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Arginina/análogos & derivados , Arginina/metabolismo , Diástole/efeitos dos fármacos , Glutationa/metabolismo , Coração/fisiopatologia , Hematócrito , Hemoglobinas/metabolismo , Masculino , Infarto do Miocárdio/patologia , Miocárdio/patologia , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Ratos
18.
Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol ; 313(4): H795-H809, 2017 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28710069

RESUMO

Increase in oxidative/nitrosative stress is one of the mechanisms associated with the development of cardiotoxicity due to doxorubicin (Dox), a potent chemotherapy drug. Previously, we reported mitigation of Dox-induced oxidative/nitrosative stress and apoptosis by vitamin C (Vit C) in isolated cardiomyocytes. In the present in vivo study in rats, we investigated the effect of prophylactic treatment with Vit C on Dox-induced apoptosis, inflammation, oxidative/nitrosative stress, cardiac dysfunction, and Vit C transporter proteins. Dox (cumulative dose: 15 mg/kg) in rats reduced systolic and diastolic cardiac function and caused structural damage. These changes were associated with a myocardial increase in reactive oxygen species, reduction in antioxidant enzyme activities, increased expression of apoptotic proteins, and inflammation. Dox also caused an increase in the expression of proapoptotic proteins Bax, Bnip-3, Bak, and caspase-3. An increase in oxidative/nitrosative stress attributable to Dox was indicated by an increase in superoxide, protein carbonyl formation, lipid peroxidation, nitric oxide (NO), NO synthase (NOS) activity, protein nitrosylation, and inducible NOS protein expression. Dox increased the levels of cardiac proinflammatory cytokines TNF-α, IL-1ß, and IL-6, whereas the expression of Vit C transporter proteins (sodium-ascorbate cotransporter 2 and glucose transporter 4) was reduced. Prophylactic and concurrent treatment with Vit C prevented all these changes and improved survival in the Vit C + Dox group. Vit C also improved Dox-mediated systolic and diastolic dysfunctions and structural damage. These results suggest a cardioprotective role of Vit C in Dox-induced cardiomyopathy by reducing oxidative/nitrosative stress, inflammation, and apoptosis, as well as improving Vit C transporter proteins.NEW & NOTEWORTHY This in vivo study provides novel data that vitamin C improves cardiac structure and function in doxorubicin-induced cardiomyopathy by reducing oxidative/nitrosative stress, apoptosis, and inflammation along with upregulation of cardiac vitamin C transporter proteins. The latter may have a crucial role in improving antioxidant status in this cardiomyopathy.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/farmacologia , Antibióticos Antineoplásicos , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Ácido Ascórbico/farmacologia , Cardiomiopatias/induzido quimicamente , Cardiomiopatias/tratamento farmacológico , Cardiotônicos/farmacologia , Doxorrubicina , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Estresse Fisiológico/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Citocinas/biossíntese , Eletrocardiografia/efeitos dos fármacos , Masculino , Óxido Nítrico Sintase/biossíntese , Óxido Nítrico Sintase/metabolismo , Consumo de Oxigênio/efeitos dos fármacos , Ratos , Ratos Wistar , Espécies Reativas de Nitrogênio , Análise de Sobrevida
19.
Eur Heart J Cardiovasc Imaging ; 18(8): 915-921, 2017 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28379356

RESUMO

Aims: The pathophysiological mechanisms of left ventricular non-compaction cardiomyopathy (LVNC) remain controversial. This study performed combined 18F-fluoro-2-deoxyglucose dynamic positron emission tomography (FDG-PET) and 99mTc-sestamibi single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) studies to evaluate myocardial glucose metabolism and perfusion in patients with LVNC and their clinical implications. Methods and results: Thirty patients (41 ± 12 years, 53% male) with LVNC, diagnosed by cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) criteria, and eight age-matched healthy controls (42 ± 12 years, 50% male) were prospectively recruited to undergo FDG-PET with measurement of the myocardial glucose uptake rate (MGU) and SPECT to investigate perfusion-metabolism patterns. Patients with LVNC had lower global MGU compared with that in controls (36.9 ± 8.8 vs. 44.6 ± 5.4 µmol/min/100 g, respectively, P = 0.02). Of 17 LV segments, MGU levels were significantly reduced in 8, and also a reduction was observed when compacted segments from LVNC were compared with the segments from control subjects (P < 0.001). Perfusion defects were also found in 15 (50%) patients (45 LV segments: 64.4% match, and 35.6% mismatch perfusion-metabolism pattern). Univariate and multivariate analyses showed that beta-blocker therapy was associated with increased MGU (beta coefficient = 10.1, P = 0.008). Moreover, a gradual increase occurred in MGU across the beta-blocker dose groups (P for trend = 0.01). Conclusion: The reduction of MGU documented by FDG-PET in LVNC supports the hypothesis that a cellular metabolic pathway may play a role in the pathophysiology of LVNC. The beneficial effect of beta-blocker mediating myocardial metabolism in the clinical course of LVNC requires further investigation.


Assuntos
Miocárdio Ventricular não Compactado Isolado/diagnóstico por imagem , Miocárdio Ventricular não Compactado Isolado/fisiopatologia , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons/métodos , Tomografia Computadorizada de Emissão de Fóton Único/métodos , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/diagnóstico por imagem , Adulto , Análise de Variância , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Fluordesoxiglucose F18 , Glucose/metabolismo , Humanos , Aumento da Imagem , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Estudos Prospectivos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Volume Sistólico/fisiologia , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/fisiopatologia
20.
J Nutr Biochem ; 40: 219-227, 2017 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27951474

RESUMO

Cardiac remodeling in diabetes involves cardiac hypertrophy and fibrosis, and fibroblast growth factor 2 (FGF2) is an important mediator of this process. Resveratrol, a polyphenolic antioxidant, reportedly promotes the improvement of cardiac dysfunction in diabetic rats. However, little information exists linking the amelioration of the cardiac function promoted by resveratrol and the expression of FGF2 and its co-receptors, heparan sulfate proteoglycans (HSPGs: Glypican-1 and Syndecan-4), in cardiac muscle of Type 2 diabetic rats. Diabetes was induced experimentally by the injection of streptozotocin and nicotinamide, and the rats were treated with resveratrol for 6 weeks. According to our results, there is an up-regulation of the expression of genes and/or proteins of Glypican-1, Syndecan-4, FGF2, peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma and AMP-activated protein kinase in diabetic rats. On the other hand, resveratrol treatment promoted the attenuation of left ventricular diastolic dysfunction and the down-regulation of the expression of all proteins under study. The trigger for the changes in gene expression and protein synthesis promoted by resveratrol was the presence of diabetes. The negative modulation conducted by resveratrol on FGF2 and HSPGs expression, which are involved in cardiac remodeling, underlies the amelioration of cardiac function.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/tratamento farmacológico , Fator 2 de Crescimento de Fibroblastos/metabolismo , Coração/fisiopatologia , Proteoglicanas de Heparan Sulfato/metabolismo , Estilbenos/farmacologia , Animais , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/metabolismo , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/fisiopatologia , Regulação para Baixo/efeitos dos fármacos , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Glipicanas/metabolismo , Coração/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteoglicanas de Heparan Sulfato/genética , Ratos Wistar , Resveratrol , Sindecana-4/metabolismo
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA