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1.
J Fungi (Basel) ; 7(5)2021 Apr 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33925759

RESUMO

Coccidioides is an endemic fungus of the Southwest United States that causes the disease coccidioidomycosis. Immunocompromised persons are at increased risk for severe infection and dissemination. One such population is allogeneic bone marrow transplant (allo-HCT) recipients, but accounts of coccidioidal infection in these patients have rarely been documented. We present two cases of Coccidioides in allo-HCT recipients with good outcomes: one patient who developed pulmonary coccidioidomycosis in the late post-engraftment phase and another with known controlled disseminated infection at the time of transplant. A review of the literature identified 19 allo-HCT recipients with coccidioidomycosis. Due to the limited published literature, no guidelines have yet been established regarding optimal prophylaxis and treatment of Coccidioides infection in allo-HCT recipients. Candidates for transplantation should undergo a rigorous pre-transplant assessment to identify evidence of prior or active coccidioidomycosis. In our experience, patients who visit or live in Coccidioides-endemic areas should receive primary prophylaxis for at least the first 100 days post-transplant, and duration should be extended as long as the patient remains on immunosuppression. Those with prior infection should receive secondary prophylaxis while immunosuppressed. Patients with active infection should have treatment and stabilization of infection and continue anti-fungal treatment through immunosuppression.

2.
Biomed Res Int ; 2016: 3420638, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27766258

RESUMO

Advancements in antiretroviral therapy have drastically increased the life expectancy for those infected with HIV. Today, a new subgroup of older patients with long-term controlled HIV exists, and its populace is continuously mounting. Therefore, it is essential to understand the enduring effects of chronic suppressed HIV infection in order to further improve HIV management in these patients. This paper will examine the role of HIV in chronic inflammation and immune dysfunction, the dynamic interaction that exists between comorbidity and HIV, and the potential consequences of long-term antiretroviral therapy in an effort to provide the best management options for the virally suppressed HIV patient.


Assuntos
Antirretrovirais/uso terapêutico , Infecções por HIV/tratamento farmacológico , Sistema Imunitário/efeitos dos fármacos , Inflamação/tratamento farmacológico , Ensaios Clínicos como Assunto , Coinfecção , Comorbidade , Infecções por HIV/complicações , Humanos , Inflamação/complicações , Carga Viral
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