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Nanoscale Res Lett ; 9(1): 469, 2014.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25246872


Hierarchical Si/ZnO trunk-branch nanostructures (NSs) have been synthesized by hot wire assisted chemical vapor deposition method for trunk Si nanowires (NWs) on indium tin oxide (ITO) substrate and followed by the vapor transport condensation (VTC) method for zinc oxide (ZnO) nanorods (NRs) which was laterally grown from each Si nanowires (NWs). A spin coating method has been used for zinc oxide (ZnO) seeding. This method is better compared with other group where they used sputtering method for the same process. The sputtering method only results in the growth of ZnO NRs on top of the Si trunk. Our method shows improvement by having the growth evenly distributed on the lateral sides and caps of the Si trunks, resulting in pine-leave-like NSs. Field emission scanning electron microscope image shows the hierarchical nanostructures resembling the shape of the leaves of pine trees. Single crystalline structure for the ZnO branch grown laterally from the crystalline Si trunk has been identified by using a lattice-resolved transmission electron microscope. A preliminary photoelectrochemical (PEC) cell testing has been setup to characterize the photocurrent of sole array of ZnO NR growth by both hydrothermal-grown (HTG) method and VTC method on ITO substrates. VTC-grown ZnO NRs showed greater photocurrent effect due to its better structural properties. The measured photocurrent was also compared with the array of hierarchical Si/ZnO trunk-branch NSs. The cell with the array of Si/ZnO trunk-branch NSs revealed four-fold magnitude enhancement in photocurrent density compared with the sole array of ZnO NRs obtain from VTC processes.

Ultrason Sonochem ; 21(2): 754-60, 2014 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24184009


The crystallographic plane of the ZnO nanocrystals photocatalyst is considered as a key parameter for an effective photocatalysis, photoelectrochemical reaction and photosensitivity. In this paper, we report a simple method for the synthesis of a new (101) high-energy plane bounded ZnO nanocubes photocatalyst directly on the FTO surface, using a seed-mediated ultrasonic assisted hydrolysis process. In the typical procedure, high-density nanocubes and quasi-nanocubes can be grown on the substrate surface from a solution containing equimolar (0.04 M) zinc nitrate hydrate and hexamine. ZnO nanocubes, with average edge-length of ca. 50 nm, can be obtained on the surface in as quickly as 10 min. The heterogeneous photocatalytic property of the sample has been examined in the photodegradation of methyl orange (MO) by UV light irradiation. It was found that the ZnO nanocubes exhibit excellent catalytic and photocatalytic properties and demonstrate the photodegradation efficiency as high as 5.7 percent/µg mW. This is 200 times higher than those reported results using a relatively low-powered polychromatic UV light source (4 mW). The mechanism of ZnO nanocube formation using the present approach is discussed. The new-synthesized ZnO nanocubes with a unique (101) basal plane also find potential application in photoelectrochemical devices and sensing.

J Nanosci Nanotechnol ; 13(4): 2667-74, 2013 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23763142


Porous ZnO nanostructures have become the subject of research interest--due to their special structures with high surface to volume ratio that may produce peculiar properties for use in optoelectronics, sensing and catalysis applications. A microwave-assisted hydrothermal method has been used for effecting the formation of porous nanostructure of metaloxide materials, such as CoO and SnO2, in solution. Here, by adopting the unique performance of a microwave-assisted-hydrothermal method, we realized the formation of highly porous ZnO nanostructures directly on the substrate surface, instead of in solution. The effects of the ambient reaction conditions and the microwave power on the structural growth of the ZnO nanostructures were studied in detail. Two different ambient reaction conditions, namely refluxed and isolated in autoclave systems, were used in this work. Porous ZnO (PZO) nanostructures with networked-nanoflakes morphology is the typical result for this approach. It was found that the morphology of the ZnO nanostructures was strongly depended on the ambient conditions of the reaction; the isolated-autoclave system may produce reasonably high porous ZnO that is constituted by vertically oriented grainy-flakes structures, whereas the refluxed system produced solid vertically-oriented flake structures. The microwave power did not influence the structural growth of the ZnO. It was also found that both the ambient reaction conditions and the microwave power used influenced the crystallographic orientation of the PZO. For instance, PZO with dominant (002) Bragg plane could be obtained by using refluxed system, whereas PZO with dominant (101) plane could be realized if using isolated system. For the case of microwave power, the crystallographic orientation of PZO prepared using both systems changed from dominant (002) to (101) planes if the power was increased. The mechanism for the formation of porous ZnO nanostructures using the present approach is proposed. The ZnO nanostructures prepared using the present method should find an extensive use in currently existing application due to its property of reasonably high porosity.

Sensors (Basel) ; 12(8): 10309-25, 2012.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23112601


The effect of morphology on the plasmonic sensing of the presence of formaldehyde in water by gold nanostructures has been investigated. The gold nanostructures with two different morphologies, namely spherical and rod, were prepared using a seed-mediated method. In typical results, it was found that the plasmonic properties of gold nanostructures were very sensitive to the presence of formaldehyde in their surrounding medium by showing the change in both the plasmonic peaks position and the intensity. Spherical nanoparticles (GNS), for example, indicated an increase in the sensitivity when the size was increased from 25 to 35 nm and dramatically decreased when the size was further increased. An m value, the ratio between plasmonic peak shift and refractive index change, as high as 36.5 nm/RIU (refractive index unit) was obtained so far. An expanded sensing mode to FD was obtained when gold nanostructures with nanorods morphology (GNR) were used because of the presence of two plasmonic modes for response probing. However, in the present study, effective plasmonic peak shift was not observed due to the intense plasmonic coupling of closely packed nanorod structures on the surface. Nevertheless, the present results at least provide a potential strategy for response enhancement via shape-effects. High performance plasmonic sensors could be obtained if controlled arrays of nanorods can be prepared on the surface.

Formaldeído/análise , Ouro/química , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química , Ressonância de Plasmônio de Superfície/instrumentação , Água/química , Formaldeído/química , Nanotubos , Tamanho da Partícula , Ressonância de Plasmônio de Superfície/métodos
Nanoscale Res Lett ; 7(1): 252, 2012 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22587640


A network of gold nanostructures exhibiting one-dimensional gold nanostructure properties may become a prospective novel structure for optical, electrical and catalytic applications benefited by its unusual characteristics resulting from the collective properties of individual nanostructures in the network. In this paper, we demonstrate a facile method for the formation of high-density gold nanonetwork film on the substrate surface composed of quasi-1D nanoparticles (typically fusiform) with length ca. 10 nm - via reduction of gold ions in the presence of nanoseeds attached surface, binary surfactants of cetyltrimethylammonium bromide and hexamethyleneteramine and Ag+ ions. The length of the nanonetworks can be up to ca. 100 nm, which corresponds to the aspect ratio of ca. 10. The quasi-1D gold nanostructures as well as the nanonetworks were found to be sensitive to the binary surfactants system and the Ag+ ions as they can only be formed if all the chemicals are available in the reaction. The nanonetworks exhibit unique 1D optical properties with the presence of transverse and longitudinal surface plasmon resonance absorption. Owing to their peculiar structures that are composed of small quasi-1D nanoparticles, the nanonetworks may produce unusual optical and catalytic properties, which are potentially used in surface-enhanced Raman scattering, catalysis and optical and non-linear optical applications.

J Nanosci Nanotechnol ; 11(6): 4974-80, 2011 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21770130


We found that the gold nanoparticles with high-density and crystalline-shape, such as nanocubes, nanobricks, pentahedral nanorods, etc., can be realized on the surface by using a seed-mediated growth method with a unique seeding process, namely alcohothermal. By using a conventional growth solution that contains HAuCl4, cetyltrimethylammonium bromide, NaOH and ascorbic acid, gold nanoparticles with crystalline-morphology (gold nanocrystals) of yield up to ca. 95%, can be prepared. An alcohothermal seeding was carried out by a thermal reduction of gold ions from an alcoholic solution of gold salt on the surface through an annealing process at a moderate temperature, namely 250 degrees C. It is believed that the unique initial characteristic (presumably the structures) of the gold nanoseeds particles as the result of peculiar nanoseeds formation process, prepared using this approach, instead of a simple thermal restructuring of the as prepared nanoseeds as confirmed by the results of annealing treatment on the nanoseed prepared using the normal and in-situ reduction seeding, was as the driving factor for the projected growth of crystalline-shape gold nanoparticles on the surface. The crystalline-shape gold nanoparticles modified-surface should find a potential application in catalysis, sensors and SERS.