Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 8 de 8
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Base de dados
Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
Malays Orthop J ; 15(2): 62-69, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34429824

RESUMO

Introduction: To investigate the efficacy of Ultrasonic Bone Scalpel (UBS) in thoracic spinal stenosis (TSS) in comparison to traditional technique. Material and Methods: A total of 55 patients who had undergone conventional surgery (Group A) are compared with 45 patients of UBS (Group B) in TSS. The primary outcome measure of Modified Japanese Orthopaedic Association score (m JOA) with neurological complications and dural injury were assessed. Secondary outcome measures of total blood loss (TBL), time duration of surgery (ORT) and length of hospital stay (LHS) were analysed. Results: The pre-operative mJOA score 5.00(4.00-6.00) in the group A and 5.00(4.00-6.00) in the group B improved to 7.00(7.00-8.00) in the group A and 9.00(9.00-10.00) in the group B, respectively (P<0.001) at final average follow-up of 117.55 months for group A and 75.69 months in group B. More significant grade of myelopathy improvement and mJOA recovery rate (RR) were noted in group B. The TBL, ORT and LHS were more favourable in group B as compared to group A (p<0.0001). The group A had 9 (16.36%) neurological deficits compared to 2 (4.44%) in group B (p<0.001). Dural tears occurred in both groups (A=11, B=9). It was more frequent and not repairable in group A but without significant statistical difference. Conclusion: UBS can reduce neurological deficits and improve outcomes in TSS. Secondarily, reduced blood loss, lesser surgical time and reduced LHS are significant added advantages of this new technology.

2.
Neurol India ; 68(6): 1428-1430, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33342882

RESUMO

The postoperative period after craniopharyngioma surgery has a high likelihood of complications and its management can be challenging. We present the case of a 10-year-old boy who was operated for craniopharyngioma. In the postoperative period he developed lacunar infarct, endocrine disturbances, delayed vasospasm leading to cerebral infarction and status epilepticus. The likely cause of status epilepticus was likely delayed cerebral infarction compounded with dyselectrolytemia. We discuss the possible etiology of delayed cerebral infarction.


Assuntos
Craniofaringioma , Neoplasias Hipofisárias , Estado Epiléptico , Infarto Cerebral , Criança , Craniofaringioma/cirurgia , Humanos , Masculino , Neoplasias Hipofisárias/cirurgia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Estado Epiléptico/etiologia
3.
Malays Orthop J ; 14(1): 84-87, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32296488

RESUMO

Giant cell tumour of tendon sheath is a benign soft tissue lesion most commonly found in the flexor aspect of hand and wrist. However, it is uncommon in foot and ankle and rare in bilateral achilles tendon. We report a case of 17-year-old female who presented with progressive enlargement of bilateral achilles tendon for six months. MRI findings showed that most of the tumour had intermediate to low signal intensity. Histopathology confirmed the diagnosis of giant cell tumour of tendon sheath. To help the patient regain the strength of the achilles tendon and walking abilities, a large area of tendon tumour was excised, followed by reconstruction with transfer of the peroneus brevis (PB) and posterior tibial (PT) tendon autograft. At two years follow-up, functional result was satisfactory.

4.
Water Environ Res ; 90(2): 101-109, 2018 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28600862

RESUMO

This paper presents the biophysical impact of various interventions made under watershed development programs, in terms of the creation of additional water resources, and resultant changes in land use and cropping patterns in the Bundelkhand region of Madhya Pradesh State, India. Both primary and secondary data gathered from randomly selected watersheds and their corresponding control villages were used in this study. Analysis revealed that emphasis was given primarily to the creation of water resources potential during implementation of the programs, which led to augmentation of surface and groundwater availability for both irrigation and non-agricultural purposes. In addition, other land based interventions for soil and moisture conservation, plantation activities, and so forth, were taken up on both arable and nonarable land, which helped to improve land slope and land use, cropping pattern, agricultural productivity, and vegetation cover.


Assuntos
Agricultura/métodos , Conservação dos Recursos Naturais/métodos , Recursos Hídricos/provisão & distribuição , Abastecimento de Água/métodos , Índia , Solo , Abastecimento de Água/estatística & dados numéricos
5.
Vet World ; 9(10): 1102-1106, 2016 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27847419

RESUMO

AIM: The study was conducted to determine the serum levels of certain hormones in post-partum anestrus cows following treatment with controlled internal drug release (CIDR) and Ovsynch protocol. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 30 postpartum anestrus cows were divided into three equal groups after thorough gynecoclinical examination. The Group 1 animals received an intravaginal progesterone device on day 0 and 2 ml of prostaglandin F2α (PGF2α) on day of CIDR removal (7th day), Group 2 cows were treated with ovsynch protocol (gonadotropin-releasing hormone [GnRH]-PGF2α-GnRH) on day 0, 7 and 9, respectively, and Group 3 cows were supplemented with mineral mixture and treated as control. The serum estrogen, progesterone, triiodothyronine, and thyroxine concentration were estimated using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay kit and absorbance was read at 450 nm with Perkin Elmer Wallac 1420 Microplate Reader. RESULTS: There was a significant increase in progesterone level in Group 1 after withdrawal of CIDR as compared to other two groups. However, the estrogen assay revealed a greater concentration in Group 2 against Group 1 on day 7 of sampling. However, there was no significant difference for serum triiodothyronine (T3) and thyroxine (T4) irrespective of treatment protocols and days of sampling. CONCLUSION: Treatment with CIDR based progesterone therapy and drug combinations may affect the reproductive hormonal balance like estrogen and progesterone, which is inevitable for successful return to cyclicity and subsequent fertilization and conception. However, as far as serum T3 and T4 concentration concerned it may not give an astounding result.

6.
J Mycol Med ; 26(1): 51-5, 2016 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26907914

RESUMO

The Aspergillus species is a ubiquitous fungus, which can cause pathogenic and opportunistic fungal infections in the immunocompromised. This is an atypical occurrence in the host with an otherwise normal immune status. We report a case of an immunocompetent 45-year-old patient who developed cutaneous aspergillosis with a very benign course presenting simply with a gradually enlarging mass and none of the classical signs and symptoms. All prior laboratory examinations failed to detect or reproduce the organism or establish a diagnosis. Surgery was both diagnostic and therapeutic, to remove the mass which causes the patient pain and limitation of activity. This was to our advantage because the fungal elements were very well encapsulated and the mass was a well-organized conglomeration of cystic abscesses that even prolonged chemotherapy alone might not succeed in eradicating the infection.


Assuntos
Aspergilose/diagnóstico , Aspergillus niger/isolamento & purificação , Imunocompetência , Micetoma/diagnóstico , Aspergilose/microbiologia , Aspergilose/patologia , Biópsia/métodos , Biópsia por Agulha , Antebraço , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Micetoma/microbiologia , Micetoma/patologia
7.
Indian J Lepr ; 83(2): 81-6, 2011.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21972660

RESUMO

Bargarh district in the western Orissa had high leprosy burden and LEPRA India supported in control activities. Its main focus was on POD care with community participation. After motivation and capacity building, it transferred the responsibility of POD care to affected persons, family, community partners and GHS staff in 2006. The effectiveness of this approach was evaluated in 2009. With personal contact responses from 112 (17%) persons with disability and 18 stakeholders were obtained. Result shows 98% affected persons are staying with family; 92% are practicing self-care; 92% felt self-care is beneficial; 57% and 36% are using commercial and MCR footwear respectively. Surgical correction of deformity is maintained in 80% of cases. Difficulty in activity and in community participation was experienced in about one third of affected persons the latter is mostly due to self stigma. The facilitators were happy with their beneficiaries.


Assuntos
Pessoas com Deficiência/reabilitação , Hanseníase/reabilitação , Autocuidado , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Criança , Participação da Comunidade , Feminino , Humanos , Índia , Entrevistas como Assunto , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Avaliação de Programas e Projetos de Saúde , Apoio Social , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
8.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 138(2): 345-50, 2011 Nov 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21871548

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Traditional remedies used for treating diabetic ailments are very important in the primary health care of the people living in rural Dhemaji district of Assam, north-east India. Novel information gathered from the current survey is important in preserving folk indigenous knowledge. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Interviews were conducted amongst 80 households comprising of 240 individuals using semi-structured questionnaires. The focus was on plants used in treating diabetes mellitus. RESULTS: The current survey documented 21 plant species (20 families) which are reportedly used to treat diabetes mellitus by the rural people in the study area. To the best of our knowledge, Amomum linguiforme, Cinnamomum impressinervium, Colocasia esculenta, Dillenia indica, Euphorbia ligularia, Garcinia pedunculata, Solanum indicum, Sterculia villosa and Tabernaemontana divaricata are recorded for the first time based on globally published literature as medicinal plants used for treating diabetes mellitus and related symptoms. CONCLUSIONS: The wide variety of plants that are used to treat diabetes mellitus in this area supports the traditional value that medicinal plants have in the primary health care system of the rural people of Dhemaji district of Assam. The finding of new plant uses in the current study reveals the importance of the documentation of such ethnobotanical knowledge.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus/prevenção & controle , Hipoglicemiantes/uso terapêutico , Plantas Medicinais , População Rural , Humanos , Índia
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...