Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 346
Filtrar
1.
Nature ; 2020 Oct 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33057200

RESUMO

Myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPNs) are blood cancers that are characterized by the excessive production of mature myeloid cells and arise from the acquisition of somatic driver mutations in haematopoietic stem cells (HSCs). Epidemiological studies indicate a substantial heritable component of MPNs that is among the highest known for cancers1. However, only a limited number of genetic risk loci have been identified, and the underlying biological mechanisms that lead to the acquisition of MPNs remain unclear. Here, by conducting a large-scale genome-wide association study (3,797 cases and 1,152,977 controls), we identify 17 MPN risk loci (P < 5.0 × 10-8), 7 of which have not been previously reported. We find that there is a shared genetic architecture between MPN risk and several haematopoietic traits from distinct lineages; that there is an enrichment for MPN risk variants within accessible chromatin of HSCs; and that increased MPN risk is associated with longer telomere length in leukocytes and other clonal haematopoietic states-collectively suggesting that MPN risk is associated with the function and self-renewal of HSCs. We use gene mapping to identify modulators of HSC biology linked to MPN risk, and show through targeted variant-to-function assays that CHEK2 and GFI1B have roles in altering the function of HSCs to confer disease risk. Overall, our results reveal a previously unappreciated mechanism for inherited MPN risk through the modulation of HSC function.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32862661

RESUMO

Background - Familial sitosterolemia is a rare Mendelian disorder characterized by hyperabsorption and decreased biliary excretion of dietary sterols. Affected individuals typically have complete genetic deficiency - homozygous loss-of-function (LoF) variants - in the ATP-binding cassette transporter G5 (ABCG5) or G8 (ABCG8) genes and have substantially elevated plasma sitosterol and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) levels. The impact of partial genetic deficiency of ABCG5 or ABCG8 - as occurs in heterozygous carriers of LoF variants - on LDL-C and risk of coronary artery disease (CAD) has remained uncertain.Methods - We first recruited nine sitosterolemia families, identified causative LoF variants in ABCG5 or ABCG8, and evaluated the associations of these ABCG5 or ABCG8 LoF variants with plasma phytosterols and lipid levels. We next assessed for LoF variants in ABCG5 or ABCG8 in CAD cases (n=29,321) versus controls (n=357,326). We tested the association of rare LoF variants in ABCG5 or ABCG8 with blood lipids and risk for CAD. Rare LoF variants were defined as protein-truncating variants with minor allele frequency less than 0.1% in ABCG5 or ABCG8.Results - In sitosterolemia families, seven pedigrees harbored causative LoF variants in ABCG5 and two pedigrees in ABCG8. Homozygous LoF variants in either ABCG5 or ABCG8 led to marked elevations in sitosterol and LDL-C. Of those sitosterolemia families, heterozygous carriers of ABCG5 LoF variants exhibited increased sitosterol and LDL-C levels compared to non-carriers. Within large-scale CAD case-control cohorts, prevalence of rare LoF variants in ABCG5 and in ABCG8 were approximately 0.1% each. ABCG5 heterozygous LoF variant carriers had significantly elevated LDL-C levels (25 mg/dL; 95% confidence interval [CI] 14 to 35; P=1.1x10-6) and were at two-fold increased risk of CAD (odds ratio 2.06, 95% CI 1.27 to 3.35; P=0.004). By contrast, ABCG8 heterozygous LoF carrier status was not associated with increased LDL-C or risk of CAD. Conclusions - Although familial sitosterolemia is traditionally considered as a recessive disorder, we observed that heterozygous carriers of a LoF variantin ABCG5 had significantly increased sitosterol and LDL-C levels and a two-fold increase in risk of CAD.

4.
Nutrients ; 12(9)2020 Aug 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32825781

RESUMO

Selenium is an essential micronutrient, and a low selenium concentration (<100 µg/L) is associated with a poorer quality of life and exercise capacity, and an impaired prognosis in patients with worsening heart failure. Measuring selenium concentrations routinely is laborious and costly, and although its clinical utility is yet to be proven, an easy implemented model to predict selenium status is desirable. A stepwise multivariable logistic regression analysis was performed using routinely measured clinical factors. Low selenium was independently predicted by: older age, lower serum albumin, higher N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide levels, worse kidney function, and the presence of orthopnea and iron deficiency. A 10-points risk-model was developed, and a score of ≥6 points identified >80% of patients with low selenium (sensitivity of 44%, specificity of 80%). Given that selenium and iron overlap in their physiological roles, we evaluated the shared determinants and prognostic associates. Both deficiencies shared similar clinical characteristics, including the model risk factors and, in addition, a low protein intake and high levels of C-reactive protein. Low selenium was associated with a similar or worse prognosis compared to iron deficiency. In conclusion, although it is difficult to exclude low selenium based on clinical characteristics alone, we provide a prediction tool which identifies heart failure patients at higher risk of having a low selenium status.

7.
Mol Genet Genomic Med ; : e1437, 2020 Jul 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32720365

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Bicuspid aortic valve is the most common congenital valvular heart defect in the general population. BAV is associated with significant morbidity due to valve failure, formation of thoracic aortic aneurysm, and increased risk of infective endocarditis and aortic dissection. Loss of function mutations in NOTCH1 (OMIM 190198) has previously been associated with congenital heart disease involving the aortic valve, left ventricle outflow tract, and mitral valve that segregates in affected pedigrees as an autosomal dominant trait with variable expressivity. METHODS: We performed whole-exome sequencing in four members of a three-generational family (three affected and one unaffected subject) with clinical phenotypes including aortic valve stenosis, thoracic aortic aneurysm, and ventricular septal defect. RESULTS: We identified 16 potentially damaging genetic variants (one stop variant, one splice variant, and 14 missense variants) cosegregating with the phenotype. Of these variants, the nonsense mutation (p.Tyr291*) in NOTCH1 was the most deleterious variant identified and the most likely variant causing the disease. CONCLUSION: Inactivating NOTCH1 mutations are a rare cause of familial heart disease involving predominantly left ventricular outflow tract lesions and characterized by the heterogeneity of clinical phenotype.

8.
Cardiovasc Res ; 2020 Jun 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32531060

RESUMO

AIMS: Fibromuscular dysplasia (FMD) and spontaneous coronary artery dissection (SCAD) are related, non-atherosclerotic arterial diseases mainly affecting middle-aged women. Little is known about their physiopathological mechanisms. We aimed to identify rare genetic causes to elucidate molecular mechanisms implicated in FMD and SCAD. METHODS AND RESULTS: We analyzed 29 exomes that included familial and sporadic FMD. We identified one rare loss-of-function variant (LoF) (MAFgnomAD=0.000075) shared by two FMD sisters in the prostaglandin I2 receptor (hIP) gene (PTGIR), a key player in vascular remodeling. Follow-up was conducted by targeted or Sanger sequencing (1,071 FMD and 363 SCAD patients) or lookups in exome (264 FMD) or genome sequences (480 SCAD), all independent and unrelated. It revealed four additional LoF allele carriers, in addition to several rare missense variants, among FMD patients, and two LoF allele carriers among SCAD patients, including one carrying a rare splicing mutation (c.768 + 1C>G). We used burden test to test for enrichment in patients compared to gnomAD controls, which detected a putative enrichment in FMD (PTRAPD=8 × 10-4), but not a significant enrichment (PTRAPD=0.12) in SCAD. The biological effects of variants on receptor signaling and protein expression were characterized using transient overexpression in human cells. We confirmed the LoFs (Q163X and P17RfsX6) and one missense (L67P), identified in one FMD and one SCAD patient, to severely impair hIP function in vitro. CONCLUSIONS: Our study shows that rare genetic mutations in PTGIR are enriched among FMD patients and found in SCAD patients, suggesting a role for prostacyclin signaling in non-atherosclerotic stenosis and dissection. TRANSLATIONAL PERSPECTIVES: This study adds evidence to the possibility of FMD and SCAD share a common genetic basis. We show that rare loss of function variants in the gene encoding the prostacyclin receptor (PTGIR) are enriched in FMD patients and present in SCAD patients. This pathway is a target of widely used drugs such as aspirin or iloprost. If this mechanism is confirmed by further larger genetic and clinical studies, these findings may help the clinicians identify the best therapeutic strategy to treat FMD and SCAD patients in the future.

9.
Eur Heart J ; 41(19): 1810-1817, 2020 05 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-209633

RESUMO

AIMS: The current pandemic coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 infects a wide age group but predominantly elderly individuals, especially men and those with cardiovascular disease. Recent reports suggest an association with use of renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS) inhibitors. Angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) is a functional receptor for coronaviruses. Higher ACE2 concentrations might lead to increased vulnerability to SARS-CoV-2 in patients on RAAS inhibitors. METHODS AND RESULTS: We measured ACE2 concentrations in 1485 men and 537 women with heart failure (index cohort). Results were validated in 1123 men and 575 women (validation cohort).The median age was 69 years for men and 75 years for women. The strongest predictor of elevated concentrations of ACE2 in both cohorts was male sex (estimate = 0.26, P < 0.001; and 0.19, P < 0.001, respectively). In the index cohort, use of ACE inhibitors, angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs), or mineralocorticoid receptor antagonists (MRAs) was not an independent predictor of plasma ACE2. In the validation cohort, ACE inhibitor (estimate = -0.17, P = 0.002) and ARB use (estimate = -0.15, P = 0.03) were independent predictors of lower plasma ACE2, while use of an MRA (estimate = 0.11, P = 0.04) was an independent predictor of higher plasma ACE2 concentrations. CONCLUSION: In two independent cohorts of patients with heart failure, plasma concentrations of ACE2 were higher in men than in women, but use of neither an ACE inhibitor nor an ARB was associated with higher plasma ACE2 concentrations. These data might explain the higher incidence and fatality rate of COVID-19 in men, but do not support previous reports suggesting that ACE inhibitors or ARBs increase the vulnerability for COVID-19 through increased plasma ACE2 concentrations.


Assuntos
Antagonistas de Receptores de Angiotensina/uso terapêutico , Inibidores da Enzima Conversora de Angiotensina/uso terapêutico , Insuficiência Cardíaca/sangue , Antagonistas de Receptores de Mineralocorticoides/uso terapêutico , Peptidil Dipeptidase A/sangue , Sistema Renina-Angiotensina/efeitos dos fármacos , Idoso , Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus , Europa (Continente) , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Fatores Sexuais
10.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 2542, 2020 05 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32439900

RESUMO

The electrocardiographic PR interval reflects atrioventricular conduction, and is associated with conduction abnormalities, pacemaker implantation, atrial fibrillation (AF), and cardiovascular mortality. Here we report a multi-ancestry (N = 293,051) genome-wide association meta-analysis for the PR interval, discovering 202 loci of which 141 have not previously been reported. Variants at identified loci increase the percentage of heritability explained, from 33.5% to 62.6%. We observe enrichment for cardiac muscle developmental/contractile and cytoskeletal genes, highlighting key regulation processes for atrioventricular conduction. Additionally, 8 loci not previously reported harbor genes underlying inherited arrhythmic syndromes and/or cardiomyopathies suggesting a role for these genes in cardiovascular pathology in the general population. We show that polygenic predisposition to PR interval duration is an endophenotype for cardiovascular disease, including distal conduction disease, AF, and atrioventricular pre-excitation. These findings advance our understanding of the polygenic basis of cardiac conduction, and the genetic relationship between PR interval duration and cardiovascular disease.


Assuntos
Arritmias Cardíacas/genética , Eletrocardiografia , Loci Gênicos/genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença/genética , Arritmias Cardíacas/fisiopatologia , Doenças Cardiovasculares/genética , Doenças Cardiovasculares/fisiopatologia , Endofenótipos , Feminino , Expressão Gênica , Variação Genética , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Humanos , Masculino , Herança Multifatorial , Locos de Características Quantitativas/genética
11.
Eur Heart J ; 41(19): 1810-1817, 2020 05 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32388565

RESUMO

AIMS: The current pandemic coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 infects a wide age group but predominantly elderly individuals, especially men and those with cardiovascular disease. Recent reports suggest an association with use of renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS) inhibitors. Angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) is a functional receptor for coronaviruses. Higher ACE2 concentrations might lead to increased vulnerability to SARS-CoV-2 in patients on RAAS inhibitors. METHODS AND RESULTS: We measured ACE2 concentrations in 1485 men and 537 women with heart failure (index cohort). Results were validated in 1123 men and 575 women (validation cohort).The median age was 69 years for men and 75 years for women. The strongest predictor of elevated concentrations of ACE2 in both cohorts was male sex (estimate = 0.26, P < 0.001; and 0.19, P < 0.001, respectively). In the index cohort, use of ACE inhibitors, angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs), or mineralocorticoid receptor antagonists (MRAs) was not an independent predictor of plasma ACE2. In the validation cohort, ACE inhibitor (estimate = -0.17, P = 0.002) and ARB use (estimate = -0.15, P = 0.03) were independent predictors of lower plasma ACE2, while use of an MRA (estimate = 0.11, P = 0.04) was an independent predictor of higher plasma ACE2 concentrations. CONCLUSION: In two independent cohorts of patients with heart failure, plasma concentrations of ACE2 were higher in men than in women, but use of neither an ACE inhibitor nor an ARB was associated with higher plasma ACE2 concentrations. These data might explain the higher incidence and fatality rate of COVID-19 in men, but do not support previous reports suggesting that ACE inhibitors or ARBs increase the vulnerability for COVID-19 through increased plasma ACE2 concentrations.


Assuntos
Antagonistas de Receptores de Angiotensina/uso terapêutico , Inibidores da Enzima Conversora de Angiotensina/uso terapêutico , Insuficiência Cardíaca/sangue , Antagonistas de Receptores de Mineralocorticoides/uso terapêutico , Peptidil Dipeptidase A/sangue , Sistema Renina-Angiotensina/efeitos dos fármacos , Idoso , Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus , Europa (Continente) , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Fatores Sexuais
12.
PLoS Genet ; 16(4): e1008629, 2020 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32282858

RESUMO

Analyzing 12,361 all-cause cirrhosis cases and 790,095 controls from eight cohorts, we identify a common missense variant in the Mitochondrial Amidoxime Reducing Component 1 gene (MARC1 p.A165T) that associates with protection from all-cause cirrhosis (OR 0.91, p = 2.3*10-11). This same variant also associates with lower levels of hepatic fat on computed tomographic imaging and lower odds of physician-diagnosed fatty liver as well as lower blood levels of alanine transaminase (-0.025 SD, 3.7*10-43), alkaline phosphatase (-0.025 SD, 1.2*10-37), total cholesterol (-0.030 SD, p = 1.9*10-36) and LDL cholesterol (-0.027 SD, p = 5.1*10-30) levels. We identified a series of additional MARC1 alleles (low-frequency missense p.M187K and rare protein-truncating p.R200Ter) that also associated with lower cholesterol levels, liver enzyme levels and reduced risk of cirrhosis (0 cirrhosis cases for 238 R200Ter carriers versus 17,046 cases of cirrhosis among 759,027 non-carriers, p = 0.04) suggesting that deficiency of the MARC1 enzyme may lower blood cholesterol levels and protect against cirrhosis.


Assuntos
Fígado Gorduroso/genética , Fígado Gorduroso/prevenção & controle , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Cirrose Hepática/genética , Cirrose Hepática/prevenção & controle , Proteínas Mitocondriais/genética , Mutação de Sentido Incorreto/genética , Oxirredutases/genética , Alelos , LDL-Colesterol/sangue , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/genética , Conjuntos de Dados como Assunto , Fígado Gorduroso/sangue , Fígado Gorduroso/enzimologia , Feminino , Homozigoto , Humanos , Fígado/enzimologia , Cirrose Hepática/sangue , Cirrose Hepática/enzimologia , Cirrose Hepática Alcoólica/sangue , Cirrose Hepática Alcoólica/enzimologia , Cirrose Hepática Alcoólica/genética , Cirrose Hepática Alcoólica/prevenção & controle , Mutação com Perda de Função/genética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
13.
Eur J Heart Fail ; 22(5): 821-833, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32243695

RESUMO

AIMS: Heart failure (HF) is frequently caused by an ischaemic event (e.g. myocardial infarction) but might also be caused by a primary disease of the myocardium (cardiomyopathy). In order to identify targeted therapies specific for either ischaemic or non-ischaemic HF, it is important to better understand differences in underlying molecular mechanisms. METHODS AND RESULTS: We performed a biological physical protein-protein interaction network analysis to identify pathophysiological pathways distinguishing ischaemic from non-ischaemic HF. First, differentially expressed plasma protein biomarkers were identified in 1160 patients enrolled in the BIOSTAT-CHF study, 715 of whom had ischaemic HF and 445 had non-ischaemic HF. Second, we constructed an enriched physical protein-protein interaction network, followed by a pathway over-representation analysis. Finally, we identified key network proteins. Data were validated in an independent HF cohort comprised of 765 ischaemic and 100 non-ischaemic HF patients. We found 21/92 proteins to be up-regulated and 2/92 down-regulated in ischaemic relative to non-ischaemic HF patients. An enriched network of 18 proteins that were specific for ischaemic heart disease yielded six pathways, which are related to inflammation, endothelial dysfunction superoxide production, coagulation, and atherosclerosis. We identified five key network proteins: acid phosphatase 5, epidermal growth factor receptor, insulin-like growth factor binding protein-1, plasminogen activator urokinase receptor, and secreted phosphoprotein 1. Similar results were observed in the independent validation cohort. CONCLUSIONS: Pathophysiological pathways distinguishing patients with ischaemic HF from those with non-ischaemic HF were related to inflammation, endothelial dysfunction superoxide production, coagulation, and atherosclerosis. The five key pathway proteins identified are potential treatment targets specifically for patients with ischaemic HF.

14.
ESC Heart Fail ; 7(3): 953-963, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32167681

RESUMO

AIMS: Activation of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system plays an important role in the pathophysiology of heart failure (HF) and has been associated with poor prognosis. There are limited data on the associations of renin and aldosterone levels with clinical profiles, treatment response, and study outcomes in patients with HF. METHODS AND RESULTS: We analysed 2,039 patients with available baseline renin and aldosterone levels in BIOSTAT-CHF (a systems BIOlogy study to Tailored Treatment in Chronic Heart Failure). The primary outcome was the composite of all-cause mortality or HF hospitalization. We also investigated changes in renin and aldosterone levels after administration of mineralocorticoid receptor antagonists (MRAs) in a subset of the EPHESUS trial and in an acute HF cohort (PORTO). In BIOSTAT-CHF study, median renin and aldosterone levels were 85.3 (percentile25-75 = 28-247) µIU/mL and 9.4 (percentile25-75 = 4.4-19.8) ng/dL, respectively. Prior HF admission, lower blood pressure, sodium, poorer renal function, and MRA treatment were associated with higher renin and aldosterone. Higher renin was associated with an increased rate of the primary outcome [highest vs. lowest renin tertile: adjusted-HR (95% CI) = 1.47 (1.16-1.86), P = 0.002], whereas higher aldosterone was not [highest vs. lowest aldosterone tertile: adjusted-HR (95% CI) = 1.16 (0.93-1.44), P = 0.19]. Renin and/or aldosterone did not improve the BIOSTAT-CHF prognostic models. The rise in aldosterone with the use of MRAs was observed in EPHESUS and PORTO studies. CONCLUSIONS: Circulating levels of renin and aldosterone were associated with both the disease severity and use of MRAs. By reflecting both the disease and its treatments, the prognostic discrimination of these biomarkers was poor. Our data suggest that the "point" measurement of renin and aldosterone in HF is of limited clinical utility.

15.
Eur J Heart Fail ; 2020 Mar 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32216000

RESUMO

AIMS: Several studies have shown that older patients with heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) are undertreated. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association of up-titration of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEI), angiotensin receptor blockers (ARB) and beta-blockers on outcome across the age spectrum in HFrEF patients. METHODS AND RESULTS: We analysed HFrEF patients on sub-optimal doses of ACEI/ARB and/or beta-blockers from the BIOSTAT-CHF study stratified by age. Patients underwent a 3-month up-titration period. We used inverse probability weighting to adjust for the likelihood of successful up-titration to determine the association of achieved dose with mortality and/or heart failure hospitalisation, testing for an interaction with age. Over a median follow-up of 21 months in 1720 HFrEF patients (76.5% male, mean age 67 years), the primary outcome occurred in 558 patients. Increased percentage of target dose of ACEI/ARB and beta-blocker achieved at 3 months were both significantly associated with reduced incidence of the primary outcome, [ACEI-ARB: hazard ratio (HR) per 12.5% increase in dose: 0.92, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.91-0.94, P < 0.001; beta-blocker: HR 0.98, 95% CI 0.95-1.00, P = 0.046], with a significant interaction with age seen for beta-blockers but not ACEI/ARB (P = 0.034 and P = 0.22, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: Achieving higher doses of ACEI/ARB was associated with improved outcome regardless of age. However, achieving higher doses of beta-blockers was only associated with improved outcome in younger, but not in older patients.

16.
Clin Res Cardiol ; 109(8): 1048-1059, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32002631

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Loop diuretics are frequently prescribed to patients with heart failure and reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) for the treatment of congestion; however, they might hamper uptitration of inhibitors of the renin-angiotensin system. METHODS: Loop diuretic dose at baseline was recorded in 2338 patients with HFrEF enrolled in BIOSTAT-CHF, an international study of HF patients on loop diuretic therapy who were eligible for uptitration of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEi)/mineralocorticoid receptor antagonists (MRA). The association between loop diuretic dose and uptitration of ACEi/MRA to percentage of target dose was adjusted for a previously published model for likelihood of uptitration and a propensity score. RESULTS: Baseline median loop diuretic dose was 40 [40-100] mg of furosemide or equivalent. Higher doses of loop diuretics were associated with higher NYHA class and higher levels of NT-proBNP, more severe signs and symptoms of congestion, more frequent MRA use, and lower doses of ACEi reached at 3 and 9 months (all P < 0.01). After propensity adjustment, higher doses of loop diuretics remained significantly associated with poorer uptitration of ACEi (Beta per log doubling of loop diuretic dose: - 1.66, P = 0.021), but not with uptitration of MRAs (P = 0.758). Higher doses of loop diuretics were independently associated with an increased risk of all-cause mortality or HF hospitalization [HR per doubling of loop diuretic dose: 1.06 (1.01-1.12), P = 0.021]. CONCLUSIONS: Higher doses of loop diuretics limited uptitration of ACEi in patients with HFrEF and were associated with a higher risk of death and/or HF hospitalization, independent of their lower likelihood of uptitration and higher baseline risk. This figure was created with images adapted from Servier Medical Art licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0.

17.
J Am Heart Assoc ; 9(4): e014333, 2020 02 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32067586

RESUMO

Background Genome-wide association studies have shown an association between the single-nucleotide polymorphism rs17514846 on chromosome 15q26.1 and coronary artery disease susceptibility. The underlying biological mechanism is, however, not fully understood. rs17514846 is located in the FES Upstream Region (FURIN) gene, which is expressed in vascular endothelial cells (ECs). We investigated whether rs17514846 has an influence on FURIN expression in ECs and whether FURIN affects EC behavior. Methods and Results Quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction analysis showed that cultured vascular ECs from individuals carrying the coronary artery disease risk allele of rs17514846 had higher FURIN expression than cells from noncarriers. In support, luciferase reporter analyses in ECs indicated that the risk allele had higher transcriptional activity than the nonrisk allele. Electrophoretic mobility shift assays using EC nuclear protein extracts detected a DNA-protein complex with allele-specific differential binding of a nuclear protein. Knockdown of FURIN in ECs reduced endothelin-1 secretion, nuclear factor-κB activity, vascular cell adhesion molecule-1, and MCP1 (monocyte chemotactic protein-1) expression and monocyte-endothelial adhesion and transmigration. A population-based study showed an association of the rs17514846 risk allele with higher circulating MCP1 levels and greater carotid intima-media thickness. Conclusions The coronary artery disease risk variant at the 15q26.1 locus modulates FURIN expression in vascular ECs. FURIN levels in ECs affect monocyte-endothelial adhesion and migration.

18.
Atherosclerosis ; 296: 11-17, 2020 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32005000

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Recent studies have unveiled an association between ADAMTS7 gene variation and coronary artery disease (CAD) caused by atherosclerosis. We investigated if the ADAMTS7 Serine214-to-Proline substitution arising from a CAD-associated variant affected angiogenesis, since neovascularization plays an important role in atherosclerosis. METHODS AND RESULTS: ADAMTS7 knockdown in vascular endothelial cells (ECs) attenuated their angiogenesis potential, whereas augmented ADAMTS7-Ser214 expression had the opposite effect, leading to increased ECs migratory and tube formation ability. Proteomics analysis showed an increase in thrombospondin-1, a reported angiogenesis inhibitor, in culture media conditioned by ECs with ADAMTS7 knockdown and a decrease of thrombospondin-1 in media conditioned by ECs with ADAMTS7-Ser214 overexpression. Cleavage assay indicated that ADAMTS7 possessed thrombospondin-1 degrading activity, which was reduced by the Ser214-to-Pro substitution. The pro-angiogenic effect of ADAMTS7-Ser214 diminished in the presence of a thrombospondin-1 blocking antibody. CONCLUSIONS: The ADAMTS7 Ser217-to-Pro substitution as a result of ADAMTS7 polymorphism affects thrombospondin-1 degradation, thereby promoting atherogenesis through increased EC migration and tube formation.

20.
Eur J Heart Fail ; 22(3): 519-527, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31919934

RESUMO

AIMS: To study the association between an atrial fibrillation (AF) genetic risk score with prevalent AF and all-cause mortality in patients with heart failure. METHODS AND RESULTS: An AF genetic risk score was calculated in 3759 European ancestry individuals (1783 with sinus rhythm, 1976 with AF) from the BIOlogy Study to TAilored Treatment in Chronic Heart Failure (BIOSTAT-CHF) by summing 97 single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) alleles (ranging from 0-2) weighted by the natural logarithm of the relative SNP risk from the latest AF genome-wide association study. Further, we assessed AF risk variance explained by additive SNP variation, and performance of clinical or genetic risk factors, and the combination in classifying AF prevalence. AF was classified as AF or atrial flutter (AFL) at baseline electrocardiogram and/or a history of AF or AFL. The genetic risk score was associated with AF after multivariable adjustment. Odds ratio for AF prevalence per 1-unit increase genetic risk score was 2.12 (95% confidence interval 1.84-2.45, P = 2.15 × 10-24 ) in the total cohort, 2.08 (1.72-2.50, P = 1.30 × 10-14 ) in heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) and 2.02 (1.37-2.99, P = 4.37 × 10-4 ) in heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF). AF-associated loci explained 22.9% of overall AF SNP heritability. Addition of the genetic risk score to clinical risk factors increased the C-index by 2.2% to 0.721. CONCLUSIONS: The AF genetic risk score was associated with increased AF prevalence in HFrEF and HFpEF. Genetic variation accounted for 22.9% of overall AF SNP heritability. Addition of genetic risk to clinical risk improved model performance in classifying AF prevalence.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA