Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 121
Filtrar
1.
Cancers (Basel) ; 13(22)2021 Nov 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34830782

RESUMO

T-cell lymphomas are a relatively rare group of malignancies with a diverse range of pathologic features and clinical behaviors. Recent molecular studies have revealed a wide array of different mechanisms that drive the development of these malignancies and may be associated with resistance to therapies. Although widely accepted chemotherapeutic agents and combinations, including stem cell transplantation, obtain responses as initial therapy for these diseases, most patients will develop a relapse, and the median survival is only 5 years. Most patients with relapsed disease succumb within 2 to 3 years. Since 2006, the USFDA has approved five medications for treatment of these diseases, and only anti-CD30-therapy has made a change in these statistics. Clearly, newer agents are needed for treatment of these disorders, and investigators have proposed studies that evaluate agents that target these malignancies and the microenvironment depending upon the molecular mechanisms thought to underlie their pathogenesis. In this review, we discuss the currently known molecular mechanisms driving the development and persistence of these cancers and discuss novel targets for therapy of these diseases and agents that may improve outcomes for these patients.

2.
Blood Adv ; 2021 Sep 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34547767

RESUMO

Phosphoinositide 3-kinase-delta (PI3Kδ) inhibitors are active in lymphoid malignancies, though associated toxicities can limit their use. Umbralisib is a dual inhibitor of PI3Kδ and casein kinase-1ε (CK1ε). This study analyzed integrated comprehensive toxicity data from 4 open-label, phase 1 and 2 studies that included 371 adult patients (median age, 67 years) with relapsed/refractory non-Hodgkin lymphoma (follicular lymphoma [n = 147]; marginal zone lymphoma [n = 82]; diffuse large B-cell lymphoma/mantle cell lymphoma [n = 74]; chronic lymphocytic leukemia [n = 43]; and other [n = 25]) who were treated with recommended phase 2 dose of umbralisib 800 mg or higher once daily. At data cutoff, median duration of umbralisib treatment was 5.9 months (range, 0.1-75.1), and 107 patients (28.8%) received umbralisib for ≥12 months. Any-grade treatment-emergent adverse events (TEAEs) occurred in 366/371 patients (98.7%), with the most frequent being diarrhea (52.3%), nausea (41.5%), and fatigue (31.8%). Grade ≥3 TEAEs occurred in 189/371 of patients (50.9%), including neutropenia (11.3%), diarrhea (7.3%), and increased aminotransferases (5.7%). Treatment-emergent serious AEs occurred in 95/371 patients (25.6%). AEs of special interest were limited and included pneumonia (29/371 [7.8%]), noninfectious colitis (9/371 [2.4%]), and pneumonitis (4/371 [1.1%]). AEs led to discontinuation of umbralisib in 51 patients (13.7%). Four patients (1.1%) died due to AEs, none of which were deemed related to umbralisib. No cumulative toxicities were reported. The favorable long-term tolerability profile and low rates of immune-mediated toxicities support the potential use of umbralisib for the benefit of a broad population of patients with lymphoid malignancies.

3.
Leuk Lymphoma ; : 1-11, 2021 Aug 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34365878

RESUMO

PI3-kinase p110δ is mainly expressed in lymphocytes and is an attractive therapeutic target in B cell lymphomas. Targeting p110ß may further suppress tumor growth and overcome escape mechanisms. KA2237 is an oral, potent, dual p110ß/p110δ inhibitor. In preclinical studies, KA2237 inhibited p110ß- and p110δ-dependent AKT activation and suppressed proliferation of diverse hematological and epithelial tumors. Twenty-one patients received KA2237 in a first-in-human phase I study (NCT02679196; diffuse large B cell, n = 8; follicular, n = 5; mantle cell, n = 3; chronic lymphocytic leukemia/small lymphocytic lymphoma, n = 3; marginal zone, n = 1; Waldenstrom's, n = 1). Median age 69; median prior therapies 3. Eighty-six percent of patients experienced treatment-related adverse events (TRAEs). Forty-three percent of patients experienced grade ≥3 TRAEs, with rash (n = 3), pneumonia (n = 3), transaminitis (n = 2), and pneumonitis (n = 2) being most common. Thirty-three percent discontinued treatment due to adverse events. KA2237 induced objective responses in indolent and aggressive lymphoma (overall response rate 37%; complete response n = 4, partial response n = 3).

4.
Leuk Lymphoma ; : 1-10, 2021 Aug 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34435552

RESUMO

Many patients with relapsed or refractory diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) will not respond to platinum-containing salvage chemotherapy. Predicting treatment failure earlier could help clinicians minimize chemotherapy toxicities for non-responders in favor of other treatments. We conducted a pilot study where 2 early PET/CTs were obtained on days 4 (D4) and 21 (D21) of cycle 1 (C1) of salvage therapy for DLBCL. Twenty-five patients were enrolled and have evaluable data. Ten (40%) had an unplanned therapy change after C1 and before end-of-treatment (EOT) evaluation due to treatment failure on early PET/CT as interpreted by the treating physician. Early PET/CT response at D4 or D21 was not associated with EOT response in evaluable patients. Disease specific survival was longer for patients with a persistent response on both D4 and D21 (p = 0.042). Early PET/CT may predict salvage chemotherapy failure and could inform future clinical trials investigating early therapy change to non-chemotherapy treatments.

5.
Clin Cancer Res ; 27(21): 5847-5856, 2021 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34380640

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To compare outcomes between patients with relapsed follicular lymphoma who received a nonmyeloablative allogeneic stem cell transplant (alloSCT) and those who received an autologous transplant (autoSCT). PATIENTS AND METHODS: We evaluated 194 patients with follicular lymphoma who received an alloSCT (n = 98) or autoSCT (n = 96) at MD Anderson Cancer Center (Houston, TX). The transplant type used was based on donor availability and by Medicare reimbursement guidelines. Patients who received an alloSCT were enrolled in four consecutive trials in which they received fludarabine, cyclophosphamide (or bendamustine), and rituximab conditioning. autoSCT patients received R-BEAM (rituximab, carmustine, etoposide, cytarabine, and melphalan). RESULTS: The median follow-up of survivors was 108 months for the alloSCT group and 102 months for the autoSCT group. Overall survival was significantly better for patients who received an alloSCT compared with those who received an autoSCT (62% vs. 46%; P = 0.048). Similarly, progression-free survival rates were 52% in patients who received an alloSCT and 31% in those who received an autoSCT (P < 0.001), and the 8-year relapse rates were 11% and 43%, respectively (P < 0.0001). Only three patients in the alloSCT group relapsed beyond 3.5 years. In the alloSCT group, the rates for grade 2 to 4 acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD), grade 3 to 4 acute GVHD, and extensive chronic GVHD were 22%, 9%, and 38%, respectively. In the autoSCT group, the 8-year incidence of secondary myelodysplasia was 11%. Nonrelapse mortality was similar between the two groups (15% vs. 11% at 8 years; P = 0.27). CONCLUSIONS: This study shows that alloSCT is curative and confers superior survival compared with autoSCT in patients with follicular lymphoma.

6.
Blood Adv ; 5(14): 2799-2806, 2021 07 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34264268

RESUMO

The Endothelial Activation and Stress Index (EASIX) score, defined as [(creatinine × lactate dehydrogenase [LDH])/platelets], is a marker of endothelial activation that has been validated in the allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplant setting. Endothelial activation is one of the mechanisms driving immune-mediated toxicities in patients treated with chimeric antigen receptor-T (CAR-T)-cell therapy. This study's objective was to evaluate the association between EASIX and other laboratory parameters collected before lymphodepletion and the subsequent onset of cytokine release syndrome (CRS) and immune effector cell-associated neurotoxicity syndrome (ICANS) those patients. Toxicity data were collected prospectively on 171 patients treated with axicabtagene ciloleucel (axi-cel) for large B-cell lymphoma (LBCL). CRS grades 2 to 4 were diagnosed in 81 (47%) patients and ICANS grades 2 to 4 in 84 (49%). EASIX combined with ferritin (EASIX-F) identified 3 risk groups with CRS grades 2 to 4 cumulative incidence of 74% (hazards ratio [HR], 4.8; 95% confidence interval [CI], 2.1-11; P < .001), 49% (HR, 2.3; 95% CI, 1.02-5; P = .04), and 23% (reference), respectively. EASIX combined with CRP and ferritin (EASIX-FC) identified 3 risk groups with an ICANS grade 2 to 4 cumulative incidence of 74% (HR, 3.6; 95% CI, 1.9-6.9; P < .001), 51% (HR, 2.1; 95% CI, 1.1-3.9; P = .025), and 29% (reference). Our results indicate that common laboratory parameters before lymphodepletion correlate with CAR-T-related toxicities and can help support clinical decisions, such as preemptive toxicity management, hospitalization length, and proper setting for CAR-T administration.


Assuntos
Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B , Receptores de Antígenos Quiméricos , Síndrome da Liberação de Citocina , Ferritinas , Humanos
7.
Lancet Haematol ; 8(6): e433-e445, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34048682

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Novel approaches are required to improve outcomes in relapsed or refractory classical Hodgkin lymphoma and non-Hodgkin lymphoma. We aimed to evaluate camidanlumab tesirine, an anti-CD25 antibody-drug conjugate, in this patient population. METHODS: This was a phase 1, dose-escalation (part 1), dose-expansion (part 2), multicentre trial done in 12 hospital sites (seven in the USA and five in the UK). Adults (≥18 years old) with pathologically confirmed relapsed or refractory classical Hodgkin lymphoma or non-Hodgkin lymphoma, an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status 0-2, who had no therapies available to them with established clinical benefit for their disease stage were enrolled. Camidanlumab tesirine was administered intravenously (3-150 µg/kg) once every 3 weeks. Primary objectives were to assess dose-limiting toxicity, determine maximum tolerated dose and recommended expansion dose(s), and assess safety of camidanlumab tesirine. Safety was assessed in all treated patients; antitumour activity was assessed in patients with one or more valid baseline and post-baseline disease assessment and in those who had disease progression or died after first study-drug dose. This trial was registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT02432235. FINDINGS: Between Oct 5, 2015, and Jun 30, 2019, 133 patients were enrolled (77 [58%] had classical Hodgkin lymphoma and 56 (42%) had non-Hodgkin lymphoma). Median follow-up was 9·2 months (IQR 4·2-14·3). Eight dose-limiting toxicities were reported in five (6%) of 86 patients who were evaluable; the maximum tolerated dose was not reached. The recommended doses for expansion were 30 µg/kg and 45 µg/kg for patients with classical Hodgkin lymphoma and 80 µg/kg for patients with T-cell non-Hodgkin lymphomas. No recommended doses for expansion were defined for B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphomas. Grade 3 or worse treatment-emergent adverse events (reported by ≥10% of the 133 patients) included increased γ-glutamyltransferase (20 [15%] patients), maculopapular rash (16 [12%]), and anaemia (15 [11%]); 74 (56%) patients had serious treatment-emergent adverse events, most commonly pyrexia (16 [12%]). One (1%) fatal treatment-emergent adverse event and two (2%) deaths outside the reporting period were considered at least possibly study-drug related. Antitumoural activity was seen in classical Hodgkin and non-Hodgkin lymphomas; notably in all patients with classical Hodgkin lymphoma, the overall response was 71% (95% CI 60-81). INTERPRETATION: These results warrant evaluation of camidanlumab tesirine as a potential treatment option for relapsed or refractory lymphoma, particularly in patients with classical Hodgkin lymphoma. FUNDING: ADC Therapeutics.


Assuntos
Imunoconjugados/uso terapêutico , Linfoma/tratamento farmacológico , Administração Intravenosa , Adulto , Idoso , Esquema de Medicação , Exantema/etiologia , Exantema/patologia , Feminino , Febre/etiologia , Febre/patologia , Doença de Hodgkin/tratamento farmacológico , Doença de Hodgkin/patologia , Humanos , Imunoconjugados/efeitos adversos , Subunidade alfa de Receptor de Interleucina-2/imunologia , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Linfoma/mortalidade , Linfoma/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Gradação de Tumores , Recidiva , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Resultado do Tratamento
8.
J Clin Oncol ; 39(15): 1609-1618, 2021 05 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33683917

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase (PI3K) inhibitors have shown activity in relapsed or refractory (R/R) indolent non-Hodgkin lymphoma (iNHL). PI3K inhibitors have been hampered by poor long-term tolerability and toxicity, which interfere with continuous use. Umbralisib, a dual inhibitor of PI3Kδ/casein kinase-1ε, exhibits improved selectivity for PI3Kδ compared with other PI3K inhibitors. This phase IIb trial was designed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of umbralisib in patients with R/R iNHL. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In this multicohort, open-label, phase IIb study, 208 patients with R/R marginal zone, follicular, or small lymphocytic lymphoma (MZL, FL, or SLL) unresponsive to prior treatments (≥ 1 MZL; ≥ 2 FL/SLL), including ≥ 1 anti-CD20-based therapy, were administered umbralisib 800 mg orally once daily until disease progression, unacceptable toxicity, or study withdrawal. Primary end point is overall response rate; secondary end points include time to response, duration of response, progression-free survival, and safety. RESULTS: The median follow-up is 27.7 months (efficacy) and 21.4 months (safety). The overall response rate was 47.1%, and tumor reduction occurred in 86.4% of patients. The median time to response was 2.7-4.6 months. The median duration of response was not reached for MZL, 11.1 months for FL, and 18.3 months for SLL. Median progression-free survival was not reached for MZL, 10.6 months for FL, and 20.9 months for SLL. At least one grade ≥ 3 treatment-emergent adverse event (TEAE) was reported in 53.4% of patients. TEAEs led to umbralisib discontinuation in 32 patients (15.4%). A total of 31 patients (14.9%) discontinued because of a treatment-related adverse event. Grade ≥ 3 TEAEs reported in ≥ 10% of patients: neutropenia (11.5%) and diarrhea (10.1%). Increased ALT/AST (grade ≥ 3) occurred in 6.7%/7.2% of patients. CONCLUSION: Umbralisib achieved meaningful clinical activity in heavily pretreated patients with iNHL. The safety profile was manageable, with a relatively low incidence of immune-mediated toxicities and adverse event-related discontinuations.


Assuntos
Compostos Heterocíclicos de 4 ou mais Anéis/uso terapêutico , Linfoma/tratamento farmacológico , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/tratamento farmacológico , Feminino , Compostos Heterocíclicos de 4 ou mais Anéis/farmacologia , Humanos , Masculino
9.
Blood ; 137(23): 3272-3276, 2021 06 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33534891

RESUMO

Corticosteroids are commonly used for the management of severe toxicities associated with chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell therapy. However, it remains unclear whether their dose, duration, and timing may affect clinical efficacy. Here, we determined the impact of corticosteroids on clinical outcomes in patients with relapsed or refractory large B-cell lymphoma treated with standard of care anti-CD19 CAR T-cell therapy. Among 100 patients evaluated, 60 (60%) received corticosteroids for management of CAR T-cell therapy-associated toxicities. The median cumulative dexamethasone-equivalent dose was 186 mg (range, 8-1803) and the median duration of corticosteroid treatment was 9 days (range, 1-30). Corticosteroid treatment was started between days 0 and 7 in 45 (75%) patients and beyond day 7 in 15 (25%). After a median follow-up of 10 months (95% confidence interval, 8-12 months), use of higher cumulative dose of corticosteroids was associated with significantly shorter progression-free survival. More importantly, higher cumulative dose of corticosteroids, and prolonged and early use after CAR T-cell infusion were associated with significantly shorter overall survival. These results suggest that corticosteroids should be used at the lowest dose and for the shortest duration and their initiation should be delayed whenever clinically feasible while managing CAR T-cell therapy-associated toxicities.

10.
Leuk Lymphoma ; 62(1): 58-67, 2021 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32924687

RESUMO

R-FND (rituximab, fludarabine, mitoxantrone, and dexamethasone) can induce molecular remissions in indolent lymphoma. The addition of 90yttrium ibritumomab tiuxetan (90YIT) radioimmunotherapy following first-line induction treatment in patients with advanced follicular lymphoma (FL) may improve remission rates. We now report 10-year follow-up results from our sequential treatment approach with an abbreviated regimen of R-FND followed by 90YIT consolidation and rituximab maintenance. Forty-nine patients were enrolled; 47 received treatment. Patients had high-risk (FLIPI score ≥3) FL of grade 1-3A and stage III/IV with adequate hematologic function. Following R-FND, the complete and partial response rates were 91% and 8.5%, respectively. After 90YIT consolidation, the CR rate increased to 97%. The 10-year PFS rate was 49%. The most common non-hematologic, grade 3 or 4 adverse events were fatigue, dyspnea, and myalgia. Five developed myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS). This treatment approach is most appropriate in FLIPI-based high-risk patients whose outlook with standard therapy is inadequate.


Assuntos
Linfoma Folicular , Radioimunoterapia , Anticorpos Monoclonais , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Linfoma Folicular/tratamento farmacológico , Linfoma Folicular/terapia , Rituximab/uso terapêutico , Resultado do Tratamento , Radioisótopos de Ítrio/uso terapêutico
12.
Haematologica ; 106(10): 2667-2672, 2021 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32732355

RESUMO

Chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell therapy targeting CD19 may be associated with long-term adverse effects such as cytopenia and immune deficiency. In order to characterize these late events, we analyzed 31 patients with relapsed or refractory large B-cell lymphoma treated with axicabtagene ciloleucel at our institution on two clinical trials, ZUMA-1 (clinicaltrials gov. Identifier: NCT02348216) and ZUMA-9 (clinicaltrials gov. Identifier: NCT03153462). Complete blood counts, lymphocyte subsets, and immunoglobulin levels were measured serially until month 24 or progression. Fifteen (48%) patients had grade 3-4 cytopenia, including anemia (five, 16%), neutropenia (nine, 29%), or thrombocytopenia (13, 42%) at day 30. Cytopenia at day 30 was not significantly associated with later diagnosis of myelodysplasia. Among patients with ongoing remission, grade 3-4 cytopenia was observed in one of nine (11%) at 2 years. While peripheral CD8+ T cells recovered early, CD4+ T-cell recovery was delayed with a count of <200/mL in three of nine (33%) patients at 1 year and two of seven (29%) at 2 years. Immunoglobulin G levels normalized in five of nine (56%) patients at 2 years. Thirteen (42%) patients developed grade 3-4 infectious complications, including herpes zoster and Pneumocystis jiroveci pneumonia. These results suggest the need for prolonged monitoring and prophylaxis against opportunistic infections in these patients, to improve the longterm safety of axicabtagene ciloleucel therapy.

13.
Support Care Cancer ; 29(1): 97-105, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32314052

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Optimal hepatitis C virus (HCV) screening strategies for cancer patients have not been established. We compared the performance of selective HCV screening strategies. METHODS: We surveyed patients presenting for first systemic anticancer therapy during 2013-2014 for HCV risk factors. We estimated the prevalence of positivity for HCV antibody (anti-HCV) and examined factors associated with anti-HCV status using Fisher's exact test or Student's t test. Sensitivity was calculated for screening patients born during 1945-1965, patients with ≥ 1 other risk factor, or both cohorts ("combined screening"). RESULTS: We enrolled 2122 participants. Median age was 59 years (range, 18-91); 1138 participants were women. Race/ethnicity distribution was white non-Hispanic, 76% (n = 1616); Hispanic, 11% (n = 233); black non-Hispanic, 8% (n = 160); Asian, 4% (n = 78); and other, 2% (n = 35). Primary cancer distribution was non-liver solid tumor, 78% (n = 1664); hematologic cancer, 20% (n = 422); and liver cancer, 1% (n = 28). Prevalence of anti-HCV was 1.93% (95% CI, 1.39%-2.61%). Over 28% of patients with detectable HCV RNA were unaware of infection. Factors significantly associated with anti-HCV positivity included less than a bachelor's degree, birth in 1945-1965, chronic liver disease, injection drug use, and blood transfusion or organ transplant before 1992. A total of 1315 participants (62%), including 39 of 41 with anti-HCV, reported ≥ 1 risk factor. Sensitivity was 80% (95% CI, 65-91%) for birth-cohort-based, 68% (95% CI, 52-82%) for other-risk-factor-based, and 95% (95% 83-99%) for combined screening. CONCLUSION: Combined screening still missed 5% of patients with anti-HCV. These findings favor universal HCV screening to identify all HCV-infected cancer patients.


Assuntos
Hepacivirus/imunologia , Anticorpos Anti-Hepatite C/sangue , Hepatite C/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Hepáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Programas de Rastreamento/métodos , Adolescente , Adulto , Afro-Americanos/estatística & dados numéricos , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estudos Transversais , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Europeu/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Hepatite C/etnologia , Hispano-Americanos/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , RNA Viral/sangue , Fatores de Risco , Adulto Jovem
14.
Nat Med ; 26(12): 1878-1887, 2020 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33020644

RESUMO

Autologous chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T cell therapies targeting CD19 have high efficacy in large B cell lymphomas (LBCLs), but long-term remissions are observed in less than half of patients, and treatment-associated adverse events, such as immune effector cell-associated neurotoxicity syndrome (ICANS), are a clinical challenge. We performed single-cell RNA sequencing with capture-based cell identification on autologous axicabtagene ciloleucel (axi-cel) anti-CD19 CAR T cell infusion products to identify transcriptomic features associated with efficacy and toxicity in 24 patients with LBCL. Patients who achieved a complete response by positron emission tomography/computed tomography at their 3-month follow-up had three-fold higher frequencies of CD8 T cells expressing memory signatures than patients with partial response or progressive disease. Molecular response measured by cell-free DNA sequencing at day 7 after infusion was significantly associated with clinical response (P = 0.008), and a signature of CD8 T cell exhaustion was associated (q = 2.8 × 10-149) with a poor molecular response. Furthermore, a rare cell population with monocyte-like transcriptional features was associated (P = 0.0002) with high-grade ICANS. Our results suggest that heterogeneity in the cellular and molecular features of CAR T cell infusion products contributes to variation in efficacy and toxicity after axi-cel therapy in LBCL, and that day 7 molecular response might serve as an early predictor of CAR T cell efficacy.


Assuntos
Terapia Baseada em Transplante de Células e Tecidos/efeitos adversos , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/terapia , Receptores de Antígenos de Linfócitos T/uso terapêutico , Adulto , Idoso , Linfócitos T CD8-Positivos/imunologia , Linfócitos T CD8-Positivos/patologia , Ácidos Nucleicos Livres/sangue , Feminino , Humanos , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/genética , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/imunologia , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Síndromes Neurotóxicas/etiologia , RNA-Seq , Receptores de Antígenos de Linfócitos T/genética , Receptores de Antígenos de Linfócitos T/imunologia , Análise de Célula Única , Transcriptoma/genética
15.
Blood Adv ; 4(18): 4382-4392, 2020 09 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32926124

RESUMO

Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) is the most common subtype of non-Hodgkin lymphoma; 40% of patients relapse after a complete response or are refractory to therapy. To survive, the activated B-cell (ABC) subtype of DLBCL relies upon B-cell receptor signaling, which can be modulated by the activity of Bruton tyrosine kinase (BTK). Targeting BTK with ibrutinib, an inhibitor, provides a therapeutic approach for this subtype of DLBCL. However, non-Hodgkin lymphoma is often resistant to ibrutinib or acquires resistance soon after exposure. We explored how this resistance develops. We generated 3 isogenic ibrutinib-resistant DLBCL cell lines and investigated the deregulated pathways known to be associated with tumorigenic properties. Reduced levels of BTK and enhanced phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/AKT signaling were hallmarks of these ibrutinib-resistant cells. Upregulation of PI3K-ß expression was demonstrated to drive resistance in ibrutinib-resistant cells, and resistance was reversed by the blocking activity of PI3K-ß/δ. Treatment with the selective PI3K-ß/δ dual inhibitor KA2237 reduced both tumorigenic properties and survival-based PI3K/AKT/mTOR signaling of these ibrutinib-resistant cells. In addition, combining KA2237 with currently available chemotherapeutic agents synergistically inhibited metabolic growth. This study elucidates the compensatory upregulated PI3K/AKT axis that emerges in ibrutinib-resistant cells.


Assuntos
Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinase , Tirosina Quinase da Agamaglobulinemia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Humanos , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/tratamento farmacológico , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/genética , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/genética
16.
Blood Adv ; 4(16): 3943-3951, 2020 08 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32822484

RESUMO

Neurotoxicity or immune effector cell-associated neurotoxicity syndrome (ICANS) is the second most common acute toxicity after chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell therapy. However, there are limited data on the clinical and radiologic correlates of ICANS. We conducted a cohort analysis of 100 consecutive patients with relapsed or refractory large B-cell lymphoma (LBCL) treated with standard of care axicabtagene ciloleucel (axi-cel). ICANS was graded according to an objective grading system. Neuroimaging studies and electroencephalograms (EEGs) were reviewed by an expert neuroradiologist and neurologist. Of 100 patients included in the study, 68 (68%) developed ICANS of any grade and 41 (41%) had grade ≥3. Median time to ICANS onset was 5 days, and median duration was 6 days. ICANS grade ≥3 was associated with high peak ferritin (P = .03) and C-reactive protein (P = .001) levels and a low peak monocyte count (P = .001) within the 30 days after axi-cel infusion. Magnetic resonance imaging was performed in 38 patients with ICANS and revealed 4 imaging patterns with features of encephalitis (n = 7), stroke (n = 3), leptomeningeal disease (n = 2), and posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (n = 2). Abnormalities noted on EEG included diffuse slowing (n = 49), epileptiform discharges (n = 6), and nonconvulsive status epilepticus (n = 8). Although reversible, grade ≥3 ICANS was associated with significantly shorter progression-free (P = .02) and overall survival (progression being the most common cause of death; P = .001). Our results suggest that imaging and EEG abnormalities are common in patients with ICANS, and high-grade ICANS is associated with worse outcome after CAR T-cell therapy in LBCL patients.


Assuntos
Síndromes Neurotóxicas , Síndrome da Leucoencefalopatia Posterior , Antígenos CD19/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Imunoterapia Adotiva , Síndromes Neurotóxicas/diagnóstico por imagem , Síndromes Neurotóxicas/etiologia
19.
Am J Hematol ; 95(6): 623-629, 2020 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32239765

RESUMO

Venetoclax is effective in relapsed patients with mantle cell lymphoma (MCL). Mechanisms of resistance to venetoclax in MCL are poorly understood. We describe the clinical outcomes and genomic characteristics of 24 multiply relapsed patients (median of five prior lines of therapy) who received venetoclax-based therapies; 67% had progressed on BTK inhibitors (BTKi) and 54% had blastoid or pleomorphic histology. Median follow up after venetoclax treatment was 17 months. The overall response rate was 50% and complete response (CR) rate was 21%, 16 patients had progressed and 15 died. The median progression free, overall and post venetoclax survival were 8, 13.5 and 7.3 months respectively. Whole-exome sequencing (WES) was performed on samples collected from seven patients (including five pairs; before starting venetoclax and after progression on venetoclax). The SMARCA4 and BCL2 alterations were noted only after progression, while TP53, CDKN2A, KMT2D, CELSR3, CCND1, NOTCH2 and ATM were altered 2-4-fold more frequently after progression. In two patients with serial samples, we demonstrated clonal evolution of novel SMARCA4 and KMT2C/D mutations at progression. Mutation dynamics in venetoclax resistant MCL is demonstrated. Our data indicates that venetoclax resistance in MCL is predominantly associated with non-BCL2 gene mutations. Further studies are ongoing in MCL patients to evaluate the efficacy of venetoclax in combination with other agents and understand the biology of venetoclax resistance in MCL.


Assuntos
Compostos Bicíclicos Heterocíclicos com Pontes/administração & dosagem , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos/genética , Linfoma de Célula do Manto , Mutação , Proteínas de Neoplasias/genética , Sulfonamidas/administração & dosagem , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Linfoma de Célula do Manto/tratamento farmacológico , Linfoma de Célula do Manto/genética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva
20.
Hematol Oncol ; 38(3): 301-308, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32196714

RESUMO

Follicular lymphoma (FL) is the most common subtype of indolent non-Hodgkin lymphoma. It has been hypothesized that chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection stimulates IGH-BCL2 clone proliferation, leading to development of FL. Furthermore, regression of FL after antiviral treatment without chemotherapy has been reported in HCV-infected patients. To clarify the relationship between HCV and FL, we compared the prevalence of IGH-BCL2 translocation and other clinicopathologic characteristics between HCV-infected and HCV-uninfected FL patients and determined the impact of HCV eradication on the oncologic outcomes of HCV-infected FL patients. The study included HCV-infected patients (cases) with FL seen at our institution during 2004-2018. Cases were matched with HCV-uninfected FL patients (controls) according to year of lymphoma diagnosis, sex, and hepatitis B serology. We studied 19 cases and 57 controls. More cases than controls had splenic involvement of FL (26% vs 5%, P = 0.02), higher histologic grade (grade 3 in 56% vs 24%, P = 0.01), absent or weak CD10 expression (42% vs 11%, P = 0.005), and absent BCL2 expression (33% vs 4%, P = 0.004). Compared to controls, cases had a lower rate of detection of IGH-BCL2 translocation (31% vs 68%, P = 0.02). Finally, cases with a sustained virologic response (virologic cure of HCV) had a better 10-year overall survival rate than did cases not treated with antivirals or controls (P = 0.001). In conclusion, HCV-infected patients with FL have unique clinicopathologic characteristics including improved overall survival with HCV eradication. The pathogenesis of FL in HCV-infected patients seems unrelated to antiapoptotic effect of IGH-BCL2 rearrangement.


Assuntos
Hepacivirus/isolamento & purificação , Hepatite C/complicações , Linfoma Folicular/patologia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Idoso , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Terapia Combinada , Feminino , Seguimentos , Hepatite C/virologia , Humanos , Linfoma Folicular/terapia , Linfoma Folicular/virologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/terapia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/virologia , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...