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1.
Anticancer Res ; 40(1): 305-313, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31892581

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cancer-associated thrombosis (CAT), the second leading cause of death in patients with cancer can be treated with low molecular weight heparin (LMWH) according to guidelines. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A multicenter prospective observational study was carried out to record anti-thrombotic treatment practice, assess thrombosis recurrence and bleeding, and identify potential risk factors. Adult patients from 18 Oncology Departments throughout Greece were followed-up for 12 months. RESULTS: A total of 120 patients with CAT receiving anticoagulant treatment were enrolled (35% incidental); 85% were treated for more than 6 months, 95.8% were treated with tinzaparin and smaller percentages with other agents. Thrombosis recurred in three patients and there was minor bleeding in four patients. Bleeding was associated with high body mass index (>35 kg/m2), trauma history, renal insufficiency and bevacizumab use. CONCLUSION: Incidental thrombosis contributes significantly to CAT burden. Long-term use of LMWH seems to be effective and safe. Several risk factors associated with bleeding should be considered during anti-coagulation therapy planning.


Assuntos
Neoplasias/complicações , Trombose/etiologia , Trombose/terapia , Feminino , Hemorragia/etiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Fatores de Risco
2.
BMC Cancer ; 19(1): 88, 2019 Jan 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30658600

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The "EMERGE" study, aimed to capture real-life management patterns and outcomes in metastatic breast cancer (MBC) in Greece, also accounting for hormone (HR) and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) status. METHODS: "EMERGE" was a multicenter, retrospective cohort study of adult MBC patients diagnosed between 01-Janaury-2010 and 30-June-2012, either de novo or having progressed from a non-metastatic state. Patient data, including treatment patterns and outcomes, were mainly abstracted through medical chart review. RESULTS: 386 patients were enrolled by 16 hospital-based oncologists between 12-March-2013 and 31-March-2015. The median look-back period was 29.1 months. At MBC diagnosis, 56.1% of the patients were HR+/HER2-, 16.6% HR+/HER2+, 14.5% HR-/HER2-, and 12.8% HR-/HER2+. In the first line setting, chemotherapy, targeted therapy and endocrine therapy were received by 76.7, 52.4, and 28.3% of the overall population, and by 66.5/36.2/42.0%, 80.4/80.4/28.6%, 88.4/90.7/0.0, and 95.6%/56.5/6.5% of the HR+/HER2-, HR+/HER2+, HR-/HER2+, HR-/HER2- subpopulations, respectively. In the overall population, the disease progression incidence rate was 0.57 [95% confidence interval (CI): 0.48-0.67] per person-year; median progression-free survival (PFS) was 22.4 (95% CI: 20.4-24.7) and overall survival (OS) was 45.0 (95% CI: 40.9-55.0) months. Median PFS was 24.6 (95% CI: 21.3-27.9) in HR+/HER2-, 19.7 (95% CI: 12.9-25.9) in HR+/HER2+, 23.0 (95% CI: 16.6-29.7) in HR-/HER2+ and 18.3 (95% CI: 10.0-24.7) months in HR-/HER2- subpopulations. A multivariable Cox proportional hazards model, adjusted among other factors for age and duration of diagnosis, HR and HER2 status, demonstrated that in the overall population PFS was better among those receiving first line endocrine therapy (hazard ratio: 0.70; 95%CI: 0.51-0.95; p = 0.024). CONCLUSIONS: "EMERGE" demonstrates differences between HR/HER2 subtypes in clinical outcomes and divergence from evidence-based guideline recommendations for MBC management, especially as it pertains to the HR+/HER2- patients in which chemotherapy was favored over endocrine therapy in the first line setting. STUDY REGISTRATION: The study has been registered on the electronic Registry of Non-Interventional Studies (RNIS) posted on the website of the Hellenic Association of Pharmaceutical Companies (SFEE): https://www.dilon.sfee.gr/studiesp_d.php?meleti_id=NIS-OGR-XXX-2012/1.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/terapia , /estatística & dados numéricos , Idoso , Neoplasias da Mama/epidemiologia , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Feminino , Grécia/epidemiologia , Humanos , Incidência , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Metástase Neoplásica , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Estudos Retrospectivos
3.
J Gastrointest Cancer ; 46(4): 343-9, 2015 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26143067

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Most stage II or III colorectal cancer patients are receiving nowadays a 4 to 6-month course of adjuvant chemotherapy. However, delays between cycles, reductions in the doses of chemotherapy drugs, or even permanent omissions of chemotherapy cycles might take place due to side effects or patient's preference. We examined the impact of these treatment modifications on recurrence-free survival (RFS) and overall survival (OS). METHODS: We retrospectively collected data from colorectal cancer patients who had received adjuvant chemotherapy in our Department. Patients were categorized in five groups based on whether they had or not delays between chemotherapy cycles, dose reductions, and permanent omissions of chemotherapy cycles. Three-year RFS and OS of the five different groups were compared using the log-rank test and the Sidak approach. RESULTS: Five hundred and eight patients received treatment. Twenty seven percent of the patients had the full course of chemotherapy; the others had delays, dose reductions, or early termination of the treatment. No statistically significant differences were observed in 3-year RFS and OS between the five groups. A trend for worse RFS was noticed with early termination of treatment. A similar trend was also noticed for OS but only for stage II patients. CONCLUSION: In colorectal cancer patients, receiving adjuvant chemotherapy, delays between chemotherapy cycles, dose reductions of chemotherapy drugs, or even early termination of the treatment course do not seem to have a negative impact in 3-year RFS and OS; however, due to the trend of worse RFS in patients receiving shorter courses of chemotherapy, further studies are needed.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/administração & dosagem , Neoplasias Colorretais/tratamento farmacológico , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Quimioterapia Adjuvante , Neoplasias Colorretais/classificação , Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/classificação , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida , Fatores de Tempo , Tempo para o Tratamento
4.
Acta Oncol ; 47(6): 1148-55, 2008.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18607872

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Taxane/platinum combinations exhibit synergistic cytotoxicity and activity against a broad range of solid tumours. We sought to optimise the regimen as a suitable outpatient palliative treatment for cancer of unknown primary (CUP). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Eligible CUP patients with adenocarcinoma or poorly differentiated carcinoma, performance status of 0-2, adequate organ function and assessable disease were treated with docetaxel 75 mg/m(2) and carboplatin at an area under the concentration time-curve (AUC) of 5, both as 30-minute intravenous infusions, every three weeks. Patients with isolated axillary adenopathy, squamous cell cervical or inguinal adenopathy and PSA or germ-cell serum tumour markers were excluded. RESULTS: Forty-seven patients entered the trial, 24 with predominantly nodal disease or non-mucinous peritoneal carcinomatosis (favourable risk) and 23 with visceral metastases (unfavourable risk). A median of 6 cycles of chemotherapy were administered, with relative dose intensities of both drugs >90%. Response rates were 32% (46% in favourable risk, 17% in unfavourable), comparable to the activity of paclitaxel/platinum regimes, though complete remissions were seen only in favourable risk patients. Granulocyte-colony stimulating factor support was used in a third of treatment cycles. Toxicity was mild and manageable, with grade 3-4 neutropenia in 26% of patients, febrile neutropenia in 7% and severe non-hematologic side-effects in less than 8% of patients. No toxic deaths or severe neurotoxicity were seen. Median time to progression (TTP) and overall survival (OS) were 5.5 and 16.2 months respectively. Survival was driven mainly by favourable-risk patients (22.6 months), as those with visceral metastases had a poor median survival of only 5.3 months. Good performance status and low-volume disease predicted for superior outcome, while docetaxel relative dose-intensity was a positive prognosticator only in favourable-risk patients. CONCLUSIONS: One-hour docetaxel/carboplatin is a convenient, safe and effective outpatient palliative treatment for CUP patients, providing meaningful survival prolongation only in favourable-risk patients. Insights in the molecular biology of CUP are needed for the development of targeted therapeutic manipulations of malignant resistance and progression.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma/tratamento farmacológico , Assistência Ambulatorial , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Carcinoma/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Primárias Desconhecidas/tratamento farmacológico , Pacientes Ambulatoriais , Cuidados Paliativos/métodos , Adulto , Idoso , Assistência Ambulatorial/métodos , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efeitos adversos , Área Sob a Curva , Carboplatina/administração & dosagem , Progressão da Doença , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Docetaxel , Esquema de Medicação , Feminino , Grécia , Humanos , Infusões Intravenosas , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Metástase Linfática , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias Primárias Desconhecidas/patologia , Neoplasias Peritoneais/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Peritoneais/secundário , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico , Fatores de Risco , Taxoides/administração & dosagem , Resultado do Tratamento
5.
Breast Cancer Res Treat ; 100(2): 161-7, 2006 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-16823513

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Glycodelin and survivin are key polypeptide regulators of cellular proliferation, apoptosis and angiogenesis. In view of contradictory reports on their functional role in tumors, we studied their transcriptional levels in localized breast cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Glycodelin and survivin messenger ribonucleic acid (mRNA) was isolated and amplified by quantitative reverse-trancription PCR from paraffin-embedded breast carcinomas of 275 women. A normalized score was calculated by the use of GAPDH, RPL37A reference genes and was correlated with clinicopathologic/molecular parameters and patient outcome. RESULTS: A total of 272 patients were eligible, most harbored stage III node-positive breast carcinomas larger than 2 cm. Glycodelin mRNA was expressed in 68 patients (25%), more frequently in premenopausal women (P = 0.01) and those with HER2 mRNA-positive tumors (P = 0.02). Survivin mRNA was present in 263 tumors (97%) and its levels correlated significantly with high nuclear grade, VEGF mRNA and p53 mRNA presence (P < 0.05). At a median follow-up of 64 months, neither glycodelin nor survivin mRNA expression demonstrated prognostic utility for overall or disease-free survival at univariate and multivariate analysis. CONCLUSIONS: Glycodelin and survivin transcriptional activity are associated with adverse clinicopathologic and molecular characteristics of node-positive primary breast cancer but do not predict patient outcome. Further study is needed for illumination of their functional roles in tumorigenesis.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/metabolismo , Glicoproteínas/genética , Proteínas Associadas aos Microtúbulos/genética , Proteínas de Neoplasias/genética , Proteínas da Gravidez/genética , RNA Mensageiro/análise , Adulto , Idoso , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Sobrevivência Celular , Feminino , Genes erbB-2 , Glicodelina , Humanos , Proteínas Inibidoras de Apoptose , Metástase Linfática , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase , Survivina
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