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Adv Mater ; 33(39): e2103000, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34397123


The competing and non-equilibrium phase transitions, involving dynamic tunability of cooperative electronic and magnetic states in strongly correlated materials, show great promise in quantum sensing and information technology. To date, the stabilization of transient states is still in the preliminary stage, particularly with respect to molecular electronic solids. Here, a dynamic and cooperative phase in potassium-7,7,8,8-tetracyanoquinodimethane (K-TCNQ) with the control of pulsed electromagnetic excitation is demonstrated. Simultaneous dynamic and coherent lattice perturbation with 8 ns pulsed laser (532 nm, 15 MW cm-2 , 10 Hz) in such a molecular electronic crystal initiates a stable long-lived (over 400 days) conducting paramagnetic state (≈42 Ωcm), showing the charge-spin bistability over a broad temperature range from 2 to 360 K. Comprehensive noise spectroscopy, in situ high-pressure measurements, electron spin resonance (ESR), theoretical model, and scanning tunneling microscopy/spectroscopy (STM/STS) studies provide further evidence that such a transition is cooperative, requiring a dedicated charge-spin-lattice decoupling to activate and subsequently stabilize nonequilibrium phase. The cooperativity triggered by ultrahigh-strain-rate (above 106 s- 1 ) pulsed excitation offers a collective control toward the generation and stabilization of strongly correlated electronic and magnetic orders in molecular electronic solids and offers unique electro-magnetic phases with technological promises.

Nano Lett ; 15(11): 7179-88, 2015 Nov 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26457771


There has been long-standing interest in tuning the metal-insulator phase transition in vanadium dioxide (VO2) via the addition of chemical dopants. However, the underlying mechanisms by which doping elements regulate the phase transition in VO2 are poorly understood. Taking advantage of aberration-corrected scanning transmission electron microscopy, we reveal the atomistic origins by which tungsten (W) dopants influence the phase transition in single crystalline WxV1-xO2 nanowires. Our atomically resolved strain maps clearly show the localized strain normal to the (122̅) lattice planes of the low W-doped monoclinic structure (insulator). These strain maps demonstrate how anisotropic localized stress created by dopants in the monoclinic structure accelerates the phase transition and lead to relaxation of structure in tetragonal form. In contrast, the strain distribution in the high W-doped VO2 structure is relatively uniform as a result of transition to tetragonal (metallic) phase. The directional strain gradients are furthermore corroborated by density functional theory calculations that show the energetic consequences of distortions to the local structure. These findings pave the roadmap for lattice-stress engineering of the MIT behavior in strongly correlated materials for specific applications such as ultrafast electronic switches and electro-optical sensors.

Nanotechnology ; 22(48): 485201, 2011 Dec 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22056508


NbSe(3) exhibits remarkable anisotropy in most of its physical properties and has been a model system for studies of quasi-one-dimensional charge density wave (CDW) phenomena. Herein, we report the synthesis, characterization, and electrical transport of single-crystalline NbSe(3) nanoribbons by a facile one-step vapour transport process involving the transport of selenium powder onto a niobium foil substrate. Our investigations aid the understanding of the CDW nature of NbSe(3) and the growth process of the material. They also indicate that NbSe(3) nanoribbons have enhanced CDW properties compared to those of the bulk phase due to size confinement effects, thus expanding the search for new mesoscopic phenomena at the nanoscale level. Single nanoribbon measurements of the electrical resistance as a function of temperature show charge density wave transitions at 59 and 141 K. We also demonstrate significant enhancement in the depinning effect and sliding regimes mainly attributed to finite size effects.