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1.
Anticancer Res ; 40(1): 305-313, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31892581

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cancer-associated thrombosis (CAT), the second leading cause of death in patients with cancer can be treated with low molecular weight heparin (LMWH) according to guidelines. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A multicenter prospective observational study was carried out to record anti-thrombotic treatment practice, assess thrombosis recurrence and bleeding, and identify potential risk factors. Adult patients from 18 Oncology Departments throughout Greece were followed-up for 12 months. RESULTS: A total of 120 patients with CAT receiving anticoagulant treatment were enrolled (35% incidental); 85% were treated for more than 6 months, 95.8% were treated with tinzaparin and smaller percentages with other agents. Thrombosis recurred in three patients and there was minor bleeding in four patients. Bleeding was associated with high body mass index (>35 kg/m2), trauma history, renal insufficiency and bevacizumab use. CONCLUSION: Incidental thrombosis contributes significantly to CAT burden. Long-term use of LMWH seems to be effective and safe. Several risk factors associated with bleeding should be considered during anti-coagulation therapy planning.


Assuntos
Neoplasias/complicações , Trombose/etiologia , Trombose/terapia , Feminino , Hemorragia/etiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Fatores de Risco
2.
Hepatogastroenterology ; 58(112): 1968-71, 2011.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22024069

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIMS: There is little information in the literature on the use of bevacizumab (BV) combination chemotherapy in multiple lines with regimens including irinotecan and oxaliplatin, in metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) patients with disease progression. The aim of this small retrospective institutional study is to compare the efficacy and safety of the continuation of BV in combination with various chemotherapeutic agents, within the framework of multiple line therapy in progressed mCRC patients. METHODOLOGY: Our retrospective study included 21 patients with mCRC that had received at least one course of irinotecan-based or oxaliplatin-based chemotherapy with BV before disease progression. BV treatment was continuously dispensed after disease progression. Subgroup analysis was performed in terms of age, site of metastases, spread and co-morbidity. RESULTS: The median overall survival (OS) was 23+ months (range 4-51 months) with no statistically significant differences between the aforementioned subgroups of patients, except from the subgroup according to spread (p=0.044). Time to progression was 17 months. Anemia (all grades) was reported in 33.3% of the patients, while hemorrhage and thrombosis were reported in 28.6% and 14.3%, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Multiple line treatment in advanced colorectal cancer, including BV combined with standard chemotherapy, may improve OS with an acceptable toxicity profile in patients with mCRC after disease progression.


Assuntos
Inibidores da Angiogênese/uso terapêutico , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Colorretais/tratamento farmacológico , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/antagonistas & inibidores , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Bevacizumab , Camptotecina/administração & dosagem , Camptotecina/análogos & derivados , Neoplasias Colorretais/mortalidade , Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Progressão da Doença , Humanos , Irinotecano , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Metástase Neoplásica , Compostos Organoplatínicos/administração & dosagem , Oxaliplatina , Estudos Retrospectivos
3.
Hepatogastroenterology ; 58(110-111): 1776-81, 2011.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21940348

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Although research on new effective treatments against pancreatic cancer is intense, limited therapeutic schemes are currently approved. The aim of the present study was to record the efficacy and safety of gemcitabine-erlotinib plus docetaxel combination therapy in patients with advanced and/or metastatic pancreatic cancer. METHODOLOGY: Twenty-five chemotherapy naive patients with histologically confirmed unresectable pancreatic cancer and documented extrapancreatic metastases, received biweekly gemcitabine 1,500mg/m2 during a 28-day long cycle; daily erlotinib 100mg per os; and docetaxel 80mg/m2 as intravenous infusion administered every 15 days. Patients were monitored every 4 cycles for survival, adverse events and tumour response with Computed Tomography scans. RESULTS: Patients received 153 cycles in total, with a median of 7.64 cycles (range, 1-24). The median overall survival was 10 months and 45% of the patients reached and surpassed 1-year survival. No grade IV toxicities were recorded. The only grade III recorded toxicities were thrombopenia (4 patients, 16%), anaemia (1 patient, 4%) and neutropenia (1 patient, 4%). Overall the most frequently experienced adverse events were grade I anaemia (18 patients, 72%) and grade II rash (13 patients, 52%). CONCLUSIONS: Biweekly gemcitabine with erlotinib plus docetaxel administration is a practical alternative to pancreatic cancer treatment, presenting comparable results to weekly gemcitabine administration.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Desoxicitidina/análogos & derivados , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Quinazolinas/administração & dosagem , Taxoides/administração & dosagem , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Desoxicitidina/administração & dosagem , Docetaxel , Cloridrato de Erlotinib , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/patologia , Taxa de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento
4.
Tumori ; 94(4): 612-6, 2008.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18822705

RESUMO

Small-cell lung cancer is the most aggressive lung cancer, with a dismal prognosis. The authors present a case report of a patient with limited-stage small-cell lung cancer who underwent a thoracotomy for diagnostic purposes, with the diagnosis being made after surgical excision. Combination chemotherapy remains the cornerstone of treatment for both limited and extensive disease. Radiotherapy has been established as an adjunct to chemotherapy in limited-stage disease, while in extensive-stage disease it is mostly reserved for the treatment of brain metastases. As for surgery, the potential benefits of resection are predominantly seen in patients who present with a solitary pulmonary nodule. Since small-cell lung cancer becomes highly resistant to chemotherapy, second-line chemotherapeutic schemes are used for disease progression, with topotecan being the highlighted agent. Despite the unusual therapeutic approach, where surgery was preferred over the standard diagnostic and staging procedures, the patient's more than ten years' survival makes this case presentation a very interesting one.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Pequenas/diagnóstico , Carcinoma de Células Pequenas/terapia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/terapia , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Carcinoma de Células Pequenas/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma de Células Pequenas/cirurgia , Quimioterapia Adjuvante , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/cirurgia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Topotecan/uso terapêutico
5.
J Cardiovasc Med (Hagerstown) ; 9(8): 769-77, 2008 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18607239

RESUMO

Cardiac neoplasms, whether primary or secondary, are more and more easily diagnosed in the present era. For the primary heart tumors, myxomas and sarcomas constitute the most common neoplasms, whereas for the secondary ones, lung cancer constitutes the most common primary location. Cardiac neoplasms may involve the endocardium, the myocardium, the epicardium, the valves or any combination of these. Their clinical manifestations are not specific and depend on their anatomic location and size. Diagnosis of cardiac neoplasms has become more feasible with the use of echocardiography and other imaging techniques (computed tomography and magnetic resonance). The major problem, however, still remains that most diagnoses are late, especially for malignant tumors. For resectable tumors, surgery remains the mainstay of treatment, whereas for metastatic disease palliative treatment remains the only therapeutic option. This paper reviews the types of heart tumors, their clinical symptoms, the diagnostic approaches and the therapeutic tools used by physicians.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos/métodos , Diagnóstico por Imagem/métodos , Neoplasias Cardíacas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Cardíacas/cirurgia , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Humanos , Metástase Neoplásica , Prognóstico
6.
Urology ; 66(2): 382-5, 2005 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-16098366

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the safety profile and therapeutic value of the combination of estramustine, mitoxantrone, and vinorelbine in the treatment of hormone-refractory prostate cancer. METHODS: Fifty-two patients with hormone-refractory prostate cancer were included in the study. Median age was 70 years (range, 49 to 100 years), World Health Organization performance status ranged from 0 to 2. The treatment schedule consisted of estramustine capsules (140 mg 3 times daily on days 1 to 3 and days 8 to 10 per os), intravenous mitoxantrone (12 mg/m2 on day 2), and intravenous vinorelbine (25 mg/m2 on day 2 and day 9), given in a 3-week cycle. RESULTS: Thirty-one percent of patients with measurable soft-tissue disease demonstrated an objective response, which included six complete and ten partial responses in all involved organs (bone responses not included). Twenty-nine patients (56%) had a greater than 50% reduction in serum prostate-specific antigen level. The median duration of response was 6.9 months, and the median survival for all patients was 14.5 months. CONCLUSIONS: The combination of estramustine, vinorelbine, and mitoxantrone is safe, well tolerated, and relatively active in patients with hormone-refractory prostate cancer.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias da Próstata/tratamento farmacológico , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estramustina/administração & dosagem , Estudos de Viabilidade , Hormônios/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mitoxantrona/administração & dosagem , Neoplasias da Próstata/mortalidade , Taxa de Sobrevida , Vimblastina/administração & dosagem , Vimblastina/análogos & derivados , Vinorelbina
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