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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31713609

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Our goal was to analyse the initial results of the first 50 transapical transcatheter mitral valve-in-valve procedures performed in a single Latin American centre. METHODS: A prospective, single centre, database analysis was conducted to evaluate immediate, 30-day and 1-year postoperative results of 50 consecutive patients who had a transcatheter mitral valve-in-valve procedure from May 2015 to June 2018. All patients were operated on in a hybrid operating room and received a balloon-expandable valve via the transapical approach. Preoperative and postoperative characteristics were analysed and compared between the first 25 and the second 25 patients to evaluate the impact of the learning curve. Twenty patients had a follow-up examination at 1 year. RESULTS: There was a 98% device success rate. The patients had a mean age of 64.8 years; 72% were women; 80% were in New York Heart Association functional class ≥III preoperatively; and 36% of the procedures were urgent. The mean Society of Thoracic Surgeons scores and EuroSCORE II were 8.3% and 12.4%, respectively. Patients had a median of 2 previous operations; valve durability was 12.1 years; and 64% mitral valve disease of rheumatic fever aetiology. Echocardiography showed decreases in the maximum and mean mitral gradients from 23.5 to 14.6 and 11.5 to 6.4 mmHg postoperatively; the overall mean hospitalization period was 15 days. The overall mortality rate at 30 days was 14%, with 1 intraprocedural death. Further subanalyses between the first and the second half of the cases showed a drop in the mortality rate from 20% to 8% (P < 0.01). CONCLUSION: The transcatheter mitral valve-in-valve procedure was shown to be a safe and effective procedure to treat bioprosthetic dysfunction, with potential benefits in patients with rheumatic disease.

2.
Arq Bras Cardiol ; 112(3): 302-303, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30916193
7.
Int J Infect Dis ; 77: 48-52, 2018 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30248465

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To compare the clinical and epidemiological features, treatments, and outcomes of patients with isolated right-sided and left-sided fungal endocarditis and to determine the risk factors for in-hospital mortality in patients with Candida sp endocarditis. METHODS: A retrospective review of all consecutive cases of fungal endocarditis from five hospitals was performed. Clinical features were compared between patients with isolated right-sided and left-sided endocarditis. In the subgroup of fungal endocarditis due to Candida species, binary logistic regression analysis was performed to determine variables related to in-hospital mortality. RESULTS: Seventy-eight patients with fungal endocarditis were studied. Their median age was 50 years; 55% were male and 19 patients (24%) had isolated right-sided endocarditis. Overall, cardiac surgery was performed in 46 patients (59%), and in-hospital mortality was 54%. Compared to patients with left-side fungal endocarditis, patients with isolated right-sided endocarditis had lower mortality (32% vs. 61%; p=0.025) and were less often submitted to cardiac surgery (37% vs. 66%; p=0.024). The most frequent etiology was Candida spp (85%). In this subgroup, acute heart failure (odds ratio 5.0; p=0.027) and exclusive medical treatment (odds ratio 11.1; p=0.004) were independent predictors of in-hospital death, whereas isolated right-sided endocarditis was related to a lower risk of mortality (odds ratio 0.13; p=0.023). CONCLUSIONS: Patients with isolated right-sided fungal endocarditis have particular clinical and epidemiological features. They were submitted to cardiac surgery less often and had better survival than patients with left-sided fungal endocarditis. Isolated right-sided endocarditis was also a marker of a less harmful illness in the subgroup of Candida sp endocarditis.

9.
Echocardiography ; 35(9): 1342-1350, 2018 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29920772

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The identification of predictors of mitral valve (MV) repair results is important for quality improvement in cardiac surgery. The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between MV morphological quantification by three-dimensional (3D) transesophageal echocardiography and mitral repair results. METHODS: Fifty-four patients with MV prolapse who were submitted to surgical repair were divided into 2 groups according to their postoperative mitral regurgitation (MR) degree (group 1, grade 0-I MR; group 2, ≥grade II MR). Morphological parameters related to the mitral ring, dimension of leaflets and prolapse, coaptation line, distance from papillary muscles to the leaflet border and valve angles were analyzed by 3D MV quantification. Cardiac remodeling and MR quantitative parameters were also evaluated. RESULTS: There was no correlation between 3D MV quantification and surgical results; a multivariate analysis did not show an association between morphological parameters and surgical outcome. The distance from the posteromedial papillary muscle to the leaflet border was higher (P = .038) in patients with ≥grade II postoperative MR. The left atrial diameter, left ventricular end-systolic diameter, left ventricular end-diastolic and end-systolic volumes were larger in patients with a significant residual MR (P < .05). CONCLUSION: Three-dimensional MV quantification did not predict the postoperative MR grade; however, the distance from the posteromedial papillary muscles to the leaflet border may be related to suboptimal repair results. Furthermore, excessive cardiac remodeling was related to postoperative MR ≥ grade II, what could suggest a potential benefit of early surgical treatment.

10.
Int J Infect Dis ; 67: 3-6, 2018 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28935245

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To determine the annual incidence of prosthetic valve endocarditis (PVE) and to evaluate its current classification based on the epidemiological distribution of agents identified and their sensitivity profiles. METHODS: Consecutive cases of PVE occurring within the first year of valve surgery during the period 1997-2014 were included in this prospective cohort study. Incidence, demographic, clinical, microbiological, and in-hospital mortality data of these PVE patients were recorded. RESULTS: One hundred and seventy-two cases of PVE were included, and the global annual incidence of PVE was 1.7%. Most PVE cases occurred within 120days after surgery (76.7%). After this period, there was a reduction in resistant microorganisms (64.4% vs. 32.3%, respectively; p=0.007) and an increase in the incidence of Streptococcus spp (1.9% vs. 23.5%; p=0.007). A literature review revealed 646 cases of PVE with an identified etiology, of which 264 (41%) were caused by coagulase-negative staphylococci and 43 (7%) by Streptococcus spp. This is in agreement with the current study findings. CONCLUSIONS: Most PVE cases occurred within 120days after valve surgery, and the same etiological agents were identified in this period. The current cut-off level of 365days for the classification of early-onset PVE should be revisited.


Assuntos
Endocardite Bacteriana/epidemiologia , Endocardite Bacteriana/etiologia , Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas/efeitos adversos , Infecções Relacionadas à Prótese/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Criança , Endocardite Bacteriana/microbiologia , Feminino , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Infecções Relacionadas à Prótese/microbiologia , Infecções Estafilocócicas/epidemiologia , Infecções Estafilocócicas/etiologia , Adulto Jovem
13.
PLoS One ; 12(1): e0170191, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28121998

RESUMO

Autoimmune inflammatory reactions leading to rheumatic fever (RF) and rheumatic heart disease (RHD) result from untreated Streptococcus pyogenes throat infections in individuals who exhibit genetic susceptibility. Immune effector mechanisms have been described that lead to heart tissue damage culminating in mitral and aortic valve dysfunctions. In myxomatous valve degeneration (MXD), the mitral valve is also damaged due to non-inflammatory mechanisms. Both diseases are characterized by structural valve disarray and a previous proteomic analysis of them has disclosed a distinct profile of matrix/structural proteins differentially expressed. Given their relevance in organizing valve tissue, we quantitatively evaluated the expression of vimentin, collagen VI, lumican, and vitronectin as well as performed immunohistochemical analysis of their distribution in valve tissue lesions of patients in both diseases. We identified abundant expression of two isoforms of vimentin (45 kDa, 42 kDa) with reduced expression of the full-size protein (54 kDa) in RHD valves. We also found increased vitronectin expression, reduced collagen VI expression and similar lumican expression between RHD and MXD valves. Immunohistochemical analysis indicated disrupted patterns of these proteins in myxomatous degeneration valves and disorganized distribution in rheumatic heart disease valves that correlated with clinical manifestations such as valve regurgitation or stenosis. Confocal microscopy analysis revealed a diverse pattern of distribution of collagen VI and lumican into RHD and MXD valves. Altogether, these results demonstrated distinct patterns of altered valve expression and tissue distribution/organization of structural/matrix proteins that play important pathophysiological roles in both valve diseases.


Assuntos
Doenças Autoimunes/patologia , Prolapso da Valva Mitral/patologia , Cardiopatia Reumática/patologia , Adulto , Doenças Autoimunes/imunologia , Doenças Autoimunes/metabolismo , Colágeno Tipo VI/análise , Matriz Extracelular/química , Feminino , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Lumicana/análise , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valva Mitral/química , Prolapso da Valva Mitral/etiologia , Prolapso da Valva Mitral/imunologia , Prolapso da Valva Mitral/metabolismo , Domínios Proteicos , Proteômica , Cardiopatia Reumática/imunologia , Cardiopatia Reumática/metabolismo , Vimentina/análise , Vitronectina/análise
18.
Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992) ; 62(1): 32-7, 2016 Jan-Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27008490

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: the EuroSCORE II and STS are the most used scores for surgical risk stratification and indication of transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). However, its role as a tool for mortality prediction in patients undergoing TAVI is still unclear. OBJECTIVE: to evaluate the performance of the EuroSCORE II and STS as predictors of in-hospital and 30-day mortality in patients undergoing TAVI. METHODS: we included 59 symptomatic patients with severe aortic stenosis that underwent TAVI between 2010 and 2014. The variables were analyzed using Student's t-test and Fisher's exact test and the discriminative power was evaluated using receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC) and area under the curve (AUC) with a 95% confidence interval. RESULTS: mean age was 81±7.3 years, 42.3% men. The mean EuroSCORE II was 7.6±7.3 % and STS was 20.7±10.3%. Transfemoral procedure was performed in 88.13%, transapical in 3.38% and transaortic in 8.47%. In-hospital mortality was 10.1% and 30-day mortality was 13.5%. Patients who died had EuroSCORE II and STS higher than the survivors (33.7±16.7vs. 18.6±7.3% p=0,0001 for STS and 13.9±16.1 vs. 4.8±3.8% p=0.0007 for EuroSCORE II). The STS showed an AUC of 0.81 and the EuroSCORE II of 0.77 and there were no differences in the discrimination ability using ROC curves (p=0.72). CONCLUSION: in this cohort, the STS and EuroSCORE II were predictors of in-hospital and 30-days mortality in patients with severe aortic stenosis undergoing TAVI.


Assuntos
Medição de Risco/métodos , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/mortalidade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/mortalidade , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Brasil , Feminino , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Humanos , Masculino , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/efeitos adversos
19.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 62(1): 32-37, Jan.-Feb. 2016. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: lil-777440

RESUMO

SUMMARY Introduction: the EuroSCORE II and STS are the most used scores for surgical risk stratification and indication of transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). However, its role as a tool for mortality prediction in patients undergoing TAVI is still unclear. Objective: to evaluate the performance of the EuroSCORE II and STS as predictors of in-hospital and 30-day mortality in patients undergoing TAVI. Methods: we included 59 symptomatic patients with severe aortic stenosis that underwent TAVI between 2010 and 2014. The variables were analyzed using Student's t-test and Fisher's exact test and the discriminative power was evaluated using receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC) and area under the curve (AUC) with a 95% confidence interval. Results: mean age was 81±7.3 years, 42.3% men. The mean EuroSCORE II was 7.6±7.3 % and STS was 20.7±10.3%. Transfemoral procedure was performed in 88.13%, transapical in 3.38% and transaortic in 8.47%. In-hospital mortality was 10.1% and 30-day mortality was 13.5%. Patients who died had EuroSCORE II and STS higher than the survivors (33.7±16.7vs. 18.6±7.3% p=0,0001 for STS and 13.9±16.1 vs. 4.8±3.8% p=0.0007 for EuroSCORE II). The STS showed an AUC of 0.81 and the EuroSCORE II of 0.77 and there were no differences in the discrimination ability using ROC curves (p=0.72). Conclusion: in this cohort, the STS and EuroSCORE II were predictors of in-hospital and 30-days mortality in patients with severe aortic stenosis undergoing TAVI.


RESUMO Introdução: STS e EuroSCORE II são os escores mais utilizados para a estratificação de risco cirúrgico e indicação do implante de válvula aórtica transcateter (TAVI). Entretanto, seu papel como ferramenta para predição de mortalidade em pacientes submetidos ao TAVI ainda é incerto. Objetivo: avaliar o desempenho do EuroSCORE II e STS como preditores de mortalidade intra-hospitalar em 30 dias em pacientes submetidos ao TAVI. Métodos: 59 pacientes com estenose aórtica importante submetidos ao TAVI entre 2010 e 2014. Variáveis foram analisadas por meio do teste t-Student e teste exato de Fisher, e o poder discriminativo foi avaliado pela curva ROC e área sob a curva, acompanhada de intervalo de confiança de 95%. Resultados: a idade média foi de 81±7,3 anos, 42,3% homens. Média do EuroSCORE II foi de 6,07±7,3%, e do STS, 20,7±10,3%. Procedimento transfemoral foi realizado em 88,13%, transapical, em 3,38% e transaórtico, em 8,47%. A mortalidade intra-hospitalar foi 10,1%, e em 30 dias, 13,5%. Os pacientes que evoluíram para óbito apresentavam STS e EuroSCORE II mais elevados que os sobreviventes (33,7±16,7% vs. 18,6±7,3%; p=0,0001 para STS e 13,9±16,1% vs. 4,8±3,8%; p=0,0007 para EuroSCORE II). O STS apresentou AUC de 0,81, e o EuroSCORE II, 0,77. Não houve diferença na capacidade de discriminação pelas curvas ROC (p=0,72). Conclusão: STS e EuroSCORE II foram preditores de mortalidade intra-hospitalar em 30 dias.

20.
ABC., imagem cardiovasc ; 29(1): 3-10, jan.-mar.2016. ilus
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: lil-777616

RESUMO

A adaptação à sobrecarga crônica de volume na insuficiência mitral (IM) tende a aumentar o átrioesquerdo (AE), predispondo a disfunção atrial e arritmias. Embora as dimensões do AE tragam importante informação prognóstica, a função contrátil atrial não tem sido estudada consistentemente na IM. Objetivo: O objetivo deste estudo foi analisar a função atrial em pacientes com IM por cardiopatia reumática (CR) eprolapso valvar mitral (PVM). Métodos: Foram estudados 54 pacientes com IM importante, com área do orifício regorgitante efetivo (ERO) ≥ 0,40 cm2,sendo 23 com CR e 31 com PVM, em ritmo sinusal, com fração de ejeção do ventrículo esquerdo (VE) > 60%. Foram medidos diâmetros e massa do VE, volumes do VE e AE (máximo, mínimo e pré-A), fração de esvaziamento total (FEsv.TAE), passiva (FEsv.P AE) e ativa (FEsv.A AE) do AE, para avaliar função. Medidas de Doppler transmitral e tecidual foram obtidas. Resultados: Comparados ao PVM, pacientes com CR eram mais jovens (35 ± 11 versus 55 ± 13 anos; p < 0,05) e do sexo feminino (17 versus 7 mulheres; p < 0,05); o índice de massa do VE foi maior no grupo PVM. O volume atrial máximo foiigual para os grupos, com maior volume mínimo (56,9 ± 30 versus 41,6 ± 17 mL; p = 0,02) e consequentemente menor FEsv.A AE (0,41 ± 0,11 versus 0,47 ± 0,07; p = 0,03) e FEsv.A AE (0,20 ± 0,08 versus 0,27 ± 0,07; p < 0,001) para o grupo CR. Conclusão: Embora mais jovens, pacientes com IM de etiologia reumática apresentam maior comprometimento da função atrial comparados a pacientes com PVM, possivelmente refletindo o acometimento do miocárdio atrial peladoença...


Adaptation to chronic volume overload in patients with mitral insufficiency (MI) tends to increase left atrium (LA), leading to LA dysfunction and arrhythmias. Though LA dimension is a well-known cardiovascular risk predictor, LA contractile function has not been thoroughly assessed in patients with MI of distinct etiologies. Objective: We aimed to assess LA structure and function in patients with MI due to rheumatic heart disease (RHD) and mitral valve prolapse (MVP). Methods: We assessed 54 patients with severe MI, defined by an effective regurgitant orifice (ERO) ≥ 0.40 cm2, 23 with RHD and 31 with MVP, all in sinus rhythm and with left ventricular (LV) ejection fraction > 60%. We measured LV diameters and mass, and also volumes (Simpson) to assess function, including maximal, minimal and pre-atrial contraction volumes, and total (TLAEF), passive (PLAEF) and active (ALAEF) LAemptying fraction. Transmitral and tissue Doppler measurements were obtained. Results: Compared to MVP, patients with RHD were younger (35 ± 11 versus 55 ± 13 years) and mainly female (17 versus 7 female; p < 0.05);LV mass index was higher for MVP patients. Although LA maximal volume was similar for both groups, patients with RHD had higher minimal LA volumes (56.9 ± 30 versus 41.6 ± 17 ml; p = 0.02), resulting in lower TLAEF (0.41 ± 0.11versus 0.47 ± 0.07; p = 0.03) and ALAEF (0.20 ± 0.08versus 0.27 ± 0.07; p < 0.001). Conclusion: Although younger, patients with MI due to RHD present with more severe LA dysfunction compared to MVP, possibly reflecting direct atrial impairment from rheumatic heart disease...


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Cardiopatia Reumática/diagnóstico , Cardiopatia Reumática/terapia , Função do Átrio Esquerdo/fisiologia , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/etiologia , Prolapso da Valva Mitral/etiologia , Doença Crônica/terapia , Ecocardiografia Doppler em Cores/métodos , Ecocardiografia/métodos , Átrios do Coração , Valva Mitral , Estudos Prospectivos , Análise Estatística , Volume Sistólico/fisiologia
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