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1.
Respirol Case Rep ; 10(1): e0894, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34992785

RESUMO

Inflammatory processes, such as an infection or drug reaction, can cause antineutrophil cytoplasmic autoantibody (ANCA)-associated vasculitis (AAV). Although quite rare, AAV may occur with SARS-coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) antigenic exposure, either from infection or immunization. We present two cases of AAV: one that developed after COVID-19 infection presenting as diffuse alveolar haemorrhage and another that developed shortly after vaccination, presenting as granulomatous pulmonary nodules. Both patients improved with supportive care and immunosuppressive therapies. This adverse event appears to be a very rare complication of COVID-19 infection or vaccination. Early diagnosis of AAV is important because immunosuppressive therapy may improve patient outcomes.

2.
Int J Gen Med ; 14: 2017-2032, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34079341

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This study aims to determine the incidence and outcome of COVID-19 patients who required positive pressure ventilation (PPV) and subsequently developed pulmonary barotrauma (PBT). Also, to investigate the risk factors and predictors of these complications to better understand the disease pathogenesis. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This retrospective analysis enrolled all adult COVID-19 patients admitted through the period from October 1, 2020, to December 31, 2020. All patients who received any form of PPV were included. Patients were then divided into two groups based on PBT development, including subcutaneous emphysema, pneumothorax, and pneumomediastinum. Medical records of all patients were reviewed. Patients' demographics, laboratory data on admission, respiratory support modes, surgical interventions, and outcomes were collected and analyzed. RESULTS: In the specified period, 1095 patients were hospitalized due to COVID-19 illness. A total of 239 (21.8%) of all admitted patients received PPV. PBT accounted for 21.3% (51/239) of the study cohort. While both groups were equally exposed to the same modes of PPV, receiving invasive ventilation significantly correlated with decreased PBT odds (OR = 0.891; 95% CI, 0.803-0.988; p=0.029). PBT patients were significantly younger (p<0.001). Diabetes mellitus was found to have a protective effect on developing PBT (OR = 0.867; 95% CI, 0.782-0.962), while PO2/FIO2 ratio was inversely associated with higher odds of developing PBT in both univariate and multivariate analyses (p=0.03 and p=0.019, respectively). CONCLUSION: COVID-19-infected patients are at a higher risk of developing PBT. Invasive positive pressure ventilation was associated with less PBT compared to noninvasive ventilation and delaying intubation does not seem to reduce the risk of pulmonary barotrauma.

3.
NPJ Prim Care Respir Med ; 31(1): 27, 2021 05 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33990605

RESUMO

There are complex potential inter-relationships between the chronic inflammation of asthma and poor control, vitamin D deficiency, musculoskeletal pain and anxiety and depression. The aim was to investigate associations between vitamin D and these possible co-morbidities. This case-controlled study involved 75 adults with asthma and 75 controls. Serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) was measured, levels of anxiety, depression, musculoskeletal pain, and asthma control were assessed. Participants with asthma had lower 25(OH)D and higher anxiety scores and higher measures of musculoskeletal pain compared to controls. Binary logistic regression showed that asthma was associated with decreased 25(OH)D (Odds ratio (OR) = 0.86), general weakness (OR = 13.29), complaint of musculoskeletal pain (OR = 13.73), and increased intensity of musculoskeletal pain (OR = 0.61) and number of painful sites (OR = 2.58). Asthma was not associated with anxiety or depression. Further studies are required to investigate if vitamin D supplementation can improve asthma symptoms and musculoskeletal pain.


Assuntos
Asma , Deficiência de Vitamina D , Adulto , Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Asma/epidemiologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Humanos , Vitamina D , Deficiência de Vitamina D/complicações , Deficiência de Vitamina D/epidemiologia
4.
J Multidiscip Healthc ; 14: 555-565, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33707949

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) viral course and behavior remain unpredictable. This study describes incubation time and viral clearance of COVID-19 hospitalized cases in Northern Jordan. METHODS: All COVID-19 confirmed cases hospitalized from March 15 to June 09, 2020, were included. Nasopharyngeal swabs were collected, and COVID-19 reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) was performed every two days in all cases. The viral cure was defined when two negative RT-PCR tests were obtained ≥ 24 hours apart. Viral clearance time (VCT) reflects the time from the first positive nasopharyngeal swab to the first of two consecutive negative tests. RESULTS: In this cohort, a total of 157 patients were included. Most cases resulted from two major outbreaks. The median incubation period was 6 days (IQR, 3-10) and ranged from 1 to 17 days. The median VCT was 13 days (IQR, 7-2) and ranged from 1 to 40 days. Symptomatic presentation and abnormal chest radiograph were predictors for a prolonged VCT (p=0.015 and p=0.014, respectively). The median time of resolution of symptoms was 7 days (IQR, 3-10 days). Most symptomatic cases (91.7%) remained RT-PCR positive for up to 20 days after symptoms resolution, with a median of 13.5 days. VCT significantly correlated with the incubation period (p=0.013). CONCLUSION: Viral cure lagged for as long as 20 days after resolution of symptoms. Continuing with social-distancing, frequent hand hygiene, and wearing facial mask remains essential and is recommended even after clinical resolution of symptoms.

5.
Psychol Res Behav Manag ; 13: 823-830, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33116970

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In-hospital mandatory quarantine of asymptomatic and symptomatic COVID-19-infected individuals was part of the national control strategy used to prevent the spread of the COVID-19 outbreak in Jordan. This study aims to evaluate depression, associated stressors, and various coping methods used among adult quarantined COVID-19-infected individuals. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included all COVID-19-infected individuals who were obligatorily quarantined at King Abdullah University Hospital, Irbid, Jordan from March 15 to April 20, 2020. Symptoms of depression were assessed using the 9-item Patient Health Questionnaire after 10 days of quarantine. In addition, several questions regarding the patients' sights with the health-care system, and coping methods were added. Demographic characteristics, clinical presentation, and comorbidities were collected from the medical records. RESULTS: Out of 91 quarantined COVID-19 patients, a total of 66 completed the survey, with a participation rate of 72.5%. The majority were relatively young; the mean ± SD age was 35.8 ± 16.2 years (range 18-79), 59.1% were females and 47% were asymptomatic. A considerable proportion of patients (44%) reported symptoms of depression, with 21% were at high risk of major depressive disorder. Depression symptoms were significantly more common among females than males [PHQ-9 score ≥10: 13 (92.9%) vs 1 (7.1%), respectively; p=0.004]. The majority of patients (71.2%) reported having problems with health-care services. Insufficient involvement in making treatment decisions was the most commonly reported concern (59.1%). Patients who reported problems in maintaining privacy, reaching out to their physicians, or receiving conflicting information from the medical staff, had more symptoms of depression compared with the satisfied ones (p<0.05). On the other hand, those who were receiving sufficient support from the family, friends, or medical staff during quarantine, were less likely to have depression symptoms (p<0.05). Furthermore, symptoms of depression were less in patients who stayed in touch with others using phone calls, texting, or social media (p=0.024). CONCLUSION: Symptoms of depression were common among both symptomatic and asymptomatic quarantined COVID-19 patients. The support of family, friends, and medical staff was an essential alleviating factor. Facilitating adequate communication may promote the mental well-being of COVID-19-infected patients and help in reducing the risk of depression during the in-hospital quarantine.

6.
Ann Med Surg (Lond) ; 57: 103-108, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32742648

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In March 2020, an outbreak of coronavirus 19 (COVID-19) was detected in the North of Jordan. This retrospective study is the first from Jordan to report the epidemiologic, clinical, laboratory, and radiologic characteristics of COVID-19 infected patients. METHODS: All patients with laboratory-confirmed COVID-19 infection by RT-PCR in the North of Jordan admitted between March 15 and April 2, 2020 were included. The clinical features, radiological, and laboratory findings were reviewed. RESULTS: Of 81 patients affected, 79 (97.5%) shared a common exposure to four recent travelers from endemic areas. The mean age was 40 years. Although about half (44 [54.3%]) were females, symptomatic patients were mostly females (75%). The most common presenting symptoms were nasal congestion, sore throat and dry cough. Less than one-third (31%) had chronic diseases. Although 84% of patients reported receiving Bacille Calmette-Guérin (BCG) vaccination, more asymptomatic patients had BCG than symptomatic (p = 0.017). Almost all patients (97.5%) had an elevated D-dimer level. Erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) and c-reactive protein were elevated in 50% and 42.7% of patients, respectively. High ESR found to be the predictor of abnormal chest radiograph observed in 13 (16%) patients with OR of 14.26 (95% CI 1.37-147.97, p = 0.026). CONCLUSIONS: An outbreak of COVID-19 infection in northern Jordan affected more females and relatively young individuals and caused mainly mild illnesses. The strict outbreak response measures applied at early stages probably contributed to the lenient nature of this outbreak, but the contribution of other factors to such variability in COVID-19 presentation is yet to be explained.

7.
J Investig Med High Impact Case Rep ; 8: 2324709620934303, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32539466

RESUMO

Fungal infections due to Fusarium species are mostly present in immunocompromised and patients with poorly controlled diabetes mellitus. We report a case of lower extremity skin infection caused by Fusarium species in a 61-year-old woman diagnosed with sickle cell disease. Single skin ulceration caused by Fusarium species can result from fungal inoculation into damaged tissue, so any condition that damages the skin can be considered as a risk factor for inoculation. Long-standing sickle cell disease may develop vaso-occlusion in the skin that can produce lower extremity ulcers and myofascial syndromes. The mechanism is not completely characterized, but compromised blood flow, endothelial dysfunction, thrombosis, inflammation, and delayed healing are thought to contribute to locally compromised tissue that may eventually lead to opportunistic infection such as in our case. Other factors contribute to the pathophysiology of lower extremity ulcers such as diabetes mellitus, with the resulting peripheral vascular ischemia causing poor circulation to the lower extremity, and peripheral neuropathy, which can make patients with diabetes unaware of minor trauma leading to the development of skin infections.


Assuntos
Anemia Falciforme/complicações , Celulite (Flegmão)/microbiologia , Fusarium/isolamento & purificação , Úlcera da Perna/microbiologia , Anemia Falciforme/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Humanos , Imunocompetência , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Micoses/microbiologia
8.
Ann Med Surg (Lond) ; 55: 256-259, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32528675

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pulmonary Alveolar Microlithiasis (PAM) is an uncommon, gradually progressive and eventually fatal hereditary disease that affects young population. Familial cases account for up to 50% of reported cases. There are few described cases of extrapulmonary manifestations of PAM and rare reports of cardiac involvement. CASE REPORT: A 45-year-old male patient presented to our center with progressive shortness of breath and dry cough. On physical examination, he was tachypneic and chest examination revealed diminished breath sounds with bilateral early inspiratory crackles. Further workup revealed the diagnosis of PAM. Echocardiography revealed calcifications covering the tricuspid valve with elevated right ventricular systolic pressure. He reported having two sisters with similar illnesses and chest radiographic abnormalities, one died at the age of 38 years from respiratory failure and the other is 42-year-old and still alive and was diagnosed with PAM. Another 35 member of his family were diagnosed with PAM. Unfortunately, few days after discharge, he arrested at home. CONCLUSIONS: Recently, type-II sodium/phosphate co-transporter has been identified in a human aortic valve. Studies have suggested penetrance of mutations of SLC34A2 gene might explain such variability of pulmonary and extrapulmonary involvement. Our case reports a familial cluster of PAM, and the first case of concomitant tricuspid calcification. This finding might be a useful in the investigation for a future genetic targeted therapy.

9.
Int J Infect Dis ; 96: 187-191, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32371194

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Diagnosing pulmonary blastomycosis (PB) requires the detection of Blastomyces dermatitidis in pulmonary secretions or tissue, which can be achieved via bronchoscopic procedures like bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) or brush and transbronchial biopsy (TBBx). This descriptive study retrieved the data of PB that was diagnosed by bronchoscopy to define which bronchoscopic procedure produced the highest yield. METHODS: Retrospectively, all patients diagnosed with PB via bronchoscopic approach were identified. Non-invasive BAL was referred to when performed first in the order of bronchoscopic procedures, and invasive BAL was used when it was performed after other bronchoscopic procedures. RESULTS: A total of 111 patients were included in the study. BAL produced the highest yield of all bronchoscopic procedures (>87%), regardless if it was performed first in order (non-invasive, 87.3%) or not (invasive BAL, 89.6%) (p = 0.43). Performing bronchoscopy and BAL earlier in the course of the disease resulted in a significantly better diagnostic yield. CONCLUSIONS: BAL is probably enough to diagnose PB. Also, it had the best yield when performed earlier, regardless of whether it was performed first in order or not. BAL culture had a better yield in detecting Blastomyces dermatitidis over fungal stain and cytology.


Assuntos
Blastomicose/diagnóstico , Broncoscopia/métodos , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Blastomicose/patologia , Lavagem Broncoalveolar , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
10.
Crit Care Res Pract ; 2020: 8753764, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34703627

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a common serious problem affecting critically ill patients in intensive care unit (ICU). It increases their morbidity, mortality, length of ICU stay, and long-term risk of chronic kidney disease (CKD). METHODS: A retrospective study was carried out in a tertiary hospital in Jordan. Medical records of patients admitted to the medical ICU between 2013 and 2015 were reviewed. We aimed to identify the incidence, risk factors, and outcomes of AKI. Acute kidney injury network (AKIN) classification was used to define and stage AKI. RESULTS: 2530 patients were admitted to medical ICU, and the incidence of AKI was 31.6%, mainly in stage 1 (59.4%). In multivariate analysis, increasing age (odds ratio (OR) = 1.2 (95% CI 1.1-1.3), P = 0.0001) and higher APACHE II score (OR = 1.5 (95% CI 1.2-1.7), P = 0.001) were predictors of AKI, with 20.4% of patients started on hemodialysis. At the time of discharge, 58% of patients with AKI died compared to 51.3% of patients without AKI (P = 0.05). 88% of patients with AKIN 3 died by the time of discharge compared to patients with AKIN 2 and 1 (75.3% and 61.2% respectively, P = 0.001). CONCLUSION: AKI is common in ICU patients, and it increases mortality and morbidity. Close attention for earlier detection and addressing risk factors for AKI is needed to decrease incidence, complications, and mortality.

11.
J Asthma Allergy ; 12: 35-42, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30774389

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Rates of asthma in Jordan have been doubled in the past decade, but this increased prevalence was not met with improved asthma control protocols. The aim of the present study was to assess whether there was any significant association between the level of asthma control and certain single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in five genes: (ADRB2; rs1042713 and rs1042714), (CRHR1; rs1876828, rs242939, and rs242941), (STIP1; rs2236647), (ADH5, rs1154400), and (ARG1; rs2781659). These SNPs were selected based on their involvement in enzymes and receptors that are related to asthma pathways and subsequent response to medication and based on a high degree of linkage disequilibrium. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional genetic association study was conducted from June 2016 to June 2017 in the two major hospitals in Jordan. The present study involved sampling from adult asthmatic patients of Arab descent who were selected from two phenotypic groups, ie, controlled and uncontrolled asthma. The blood samples and medical data were collected from the participants. DNA samples were extracted, quantified, and genotyped according to standard operating procedure. Allelic and haplotypic analyses were performed using the Haploview®. RESULTS: A total of 245 Arab asthmatic patients were enrolled in this study. Genotyping analysis revealed that the two SNPs (rs1042713 and rs1042714) in ADRB2 gene, along with their related haplotypes, were nominally significantly associated with asthma control in the Jordanian population. The A-allele of rs1042713 and the C-allele of rs1042714 were more common in the uncontrolled asthma group than in the controlled asthma group (P=0.048 and P=0.017, respectively). CONCLUSION: This was the first study that identified the nominal significant association between the level of asthma control and genetic variants in ADRB2 gene in Arab population. Further studies in other Arab region with larger sample size are recommended to confirm the relationship.

12.
Int J Chron Obstruct Pulmon Dis ; 13: 2759-2766, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30233166

RESUMO

Purpose: COPD and coronary artery disease (CAD) are common chronic diseases with shared risk factors. COPD continues to be largely underdiagnosed and undertreated. We aimed to describe the prevalence and predictors of undiagnosed COPD in Jordanian men with CAD. Patients and methods: In a cross-sectional study conducted at a referral center in Jordan, male patients who underwent coronary angiography for suspected CAD and reported ≥10 pack-year of cigarette smoking were recruited. Pre- and post-bronchodilator spirometry was undertaken for all participants, and COPD was defined as post-bronchodilator FEV1/FVC <70%. The finding of ≥50% coronary luminal narrowing confirmed the presence of CAD. Results: Spirometry was undertaken for 376 men with mean age of 56.02±10.55 years, and 72.6% were active cigarettes smokers with a mean pack-year of 55.89±34.25. A CAD diagnosis was confirmed in 300 (79.8%) men. Spirometric criteria for COPD were met in 76 (15.7%) patients, of whom 91.5% were not previously diagnosed. COPD-related symptoms were common: chronic cough (44.4%), dyspnea (66.2%), and wheezes (27.9%). COPD was more common in patients with (18.0%) compared to patients without (6.6%) CAD (P=0.014). Multivariate logistic regression showed that the risk of COPD was higher in patients with CAD (OR 3.16, 95% CI, 1.10-9.09, P=0.033) and in those with chronic bronchitis (OR 13.07, 95% CI, 6.69-25.52, P<0.001). Conclusion: There was a high prevalence of COPD among male patients with CAD and most were underdiagnosed despite having respiratory symptoms. Male smokers with CAD and respiratory symptoms should be evaluated for airflow limitation and the presence of COPD.

13.
Indian J Crit Care Med ; 21(7): 436-441, 2017 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28808363

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cardiac arrest remains a leading cause of mortality worldwide. Early cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is the cornerstone intervention to optimize the survival rates. OBJECTIVES: The main aim of this study was to determine and compare the incidence, characteristics, risk factors, and outcomes of CPR in a referral university hospital following in-hospital cardiac arrests (IHCAs) and out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) in Northern Jordan. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Retrospective observational study of adults referred to King Abdulla University Hospital who received CPR between January 2014 and January 2015. Data were obtained from the medical recorded of included patients. The primary outcome was survival to hospital discharge. Chi-square and logistic regression analyses were performed to identify risk factors associated with survival to discharge. RESULTS: A total of 79 OHCA and 257 IHCA were included in the study. The overall survival rate for OHCA was 2.97%. The survival rate increased to 4.3% if CPR performed before arriving the hospital. Only 22% of the OHCA cases had CPR performed mainly due to lack of knowledge and skills of bystanders. The survival rate for IHCA was 14.88%. In this study, patient survival was not associated with age, smoking habit, diabetes mellitus, cancer status, hypertension, or heart failure. CONCLUSION: This is the first study to describe the incidence and outcome of adult IHCA and OHCA in Jordan. The findings will serve as a benchmark to evaluate future impact of changes in service delivery, organization, and treatment for OHCA and IHCA. Furthermore, findings will urge the regulatory bodies to establish well-structured Emergency Medical Service system. Educational programs at the national level to improve public awareness of CPR intervention are crucial to improve survival rates.

14.
Per Med ; 14(1): 51-61, 2017 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29749828

RESUMO

AIM: To evaluate whether SNPs (n = 15) in ten candidate genes (ADRB2, ADH5, ARGI, CRHR1, STIP1, LTA4H, LTC4S, ALOX5, ABCC1 and OATP2B1) are associated with asthma in Jordanian population of Arab descent. METHODS: A case-control study included 245 adult asthmatics and 249 controls. RESULTS: Significant genetic association was identified at the rs2236647 (T/C) SNP in STIP1 and risk of asthma (p < 0.001). The C allele and CC genotype of this SNP were significantly higher in asthmatics compared with controls. The rs1141370 SNP (Val34Met) in ADRB2 is not polymorphic in our cohort. CONCLUSION: The rs2236647 SNP could act as a reliable tool to identify individuals at risk of developing asthma and provision of early intervention in population of Arab descent.


Assuntos
Asma/genética , Proteínas de Choque Térmico/genética , Adulto , Alelos , Árabes/genética , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Frequência do Gene/genética , Estudos de Associação Genética/métodos , Predisposição Genética para Doença/genética , Testes Genéticos/métodos , Genótipo , Haplótipos , Proteínas de Choque Térmico/metabolismo , Humanos , Jordânia , Masculino , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único/genética , Medicina de Precisão/métodos , Adulto Jovem
15.
J Infect Dev Ctries ; 10(10): 1129-1134, 2016 Oct 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27801377

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: There has been increased incidence and high mortality in cases with ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) caused by colistin-only-susceptible Acinetobacter baumannii (COS-AB). Colistin has emerged as a therapeutic option for VAP caused by multidrug-resistant Gram-negative organisms including COS-AB. A retrospective study was conducted to examine the impact of early versus late initiation of colistin on 30-day mortality of critically ill patients with VAP caused by COS-AB. METHODOLOGY: Critically ill patients with VAP caused by COS-AB who received colistin were enrolled. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to identify the temporal breakpoint that maximized the difference in 30-day mortality. RESULTS: A total of 56 patients (34 men and 22 women) were included in the study. About 86% of all cases were late-onset VAP. The 30-day mortality was 46.4%. The rate was higher among patients with admission Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation II (APACHE II) score > 18 and patients with a delay of more than four days in initiating colistin treatment. The mortality rate was 26.9% among patients with treatment delay of four or fewer days and 63.3% for patients with a treatment delay of more than four days. CONCLUSIONS: A delay of four days or more in initiating colistin in patients with VAP caused by COS-AB significantly increases mortality. Colistin should be considered in the empirical protocols in late-onset VAP cases when COS-AB is highly suspected.


Assuntos
Infecções por Acinetobacter/tratamento farmacológico , Infecções por Acinetobacter/mortalidade , Acinetobacter baumannii/isolamento & purificação , Antibacterianos/administração & dosagem , Colistina/administração & dosagem , Pneumonia Associada à Ventilação Mecânica/tratamento farmacológico , Pneumonia Associada à Ventilação Mecânica/mortalidade , Infecções por Acinetobacter/microbiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estado Terminal , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pneumonia Associada à Ventilação Mecânica/microbiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Análise de Sobrevida , Fatores de Tempo , Adulto Jovem
16.
J Asthma ; 53(4): 349-55, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26666170

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The burden of uncontrolled asthma on patients in Jordan is largely unknown. This study assessed different aspects of asthma clinical features: the level of asthma control, its correlation with quality of life, and possible predictors of asthma control. METHODS: Face-to-face interviews with asthmatic patients (≥16 years old) in north Jordan from 2013 to 2014 were conducted. Outcomes measures were assessed using the asthma control test (ACT), the mini asthma quality of life questionnaire (mini-AQLQ), and the Generic health-related quality of life (EQ-5D). The relationship between asthma control and quality of life was examined using Spearman's correlation coefficient. Predictors of asthma control were determined using multivariable logistic regression adjusted for confounders. RESULTS: A total of 255 patients were recruited (mean age 45.16 years, 74.5% female). Approximately one-third of subjects (30.6%; n = 78) had controlled asthma (ACT ≥ 20). A strong correlation between asthma control and both mini-AQLQ and EQ-5D scores was identified (p < 0.001). Subjects who required to step-up treatment (OR = 0.12, 95% CI: 0.02-0.63, p = 0.01) and with acute asthma exacerbation (OR = 0.32, 95% CI: 0.18-0.58, p < 0.001) were independently associated with poor asthma control. CONCLUSIONS: Most of the recruited patients have not achieved optimal asthma control and was associated with low quality of life. The study highlights that even in low-income countries, a simple assessment tool such as the ACT can be utilized to screen and categorize asthma control. This approach would facilitate a better treatment plan and eventually improve asthma control and quality of life in asthma patients.


Assuntos
Asma/prevenção & controle , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Jordânia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto Jovem
17.
J Infect Dev Ctries ; 9(12): 1323-30, 2015 Dec 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26719938

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) caused by multidrug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii (MDR-AB) is common in hospitals and impacts patient survival. We determined the incidence of MDR-AB VAP in critical care units and examined the predictors of 14-day mortality in these patients. METHODOLOGY: A retrospective case series study was conducted at a tertiary referral teaching hospital in north Jordan. A list of patients with a positive culture of A. baumannii between January 2007 and June 2013 was retrieved using computerized hospital databases. Medical records of all these patients were reviewed, and cases of VAP infected with MDR-AB were identified. Predictors of 14-day mortality were determined using multivariable logistic regression adjusted for possible confounders. RESULTS: Out of 121 A. baumannii-VAP cases, 119 (98.3%) were caused by MDR-AB. The incidence rate of MDR-AB VAP was 1.59 cases per 100 critical care unit admissions. The mortality of A. baumannii-VAP cases in critical care units was 42% (50/119). Being prescribed two or more definitive antibiotics (prescribed based on susceptibility data) (OR = 0.075, 95% CI = 0.017-0.340, p = 0.001) and ipratropium/salbutamol during mechanical ventilation (OR = 0.140, 95% CI = 0.028-0.705, p = 0.017) were independently associated with lower hospital mortality. CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest incidence of MDR-AB VAP in critical care units is high and that prescription of antibiotics based on antibiotic susceptibility and use of bronchodilators is associated with lower mortality in this population. Larger prospective studies are needed to explore whether these findings can be replicated in different clinical settings.


Assuntos
Infecções por Acinetobacter/epidemiologia , Infecções por Acinetobacter/mortalidade , Acinetobacter baumannii/efeitos dos fármacos , Farmacorresistência Bacteriana Múltipla , Pneumonia Associada à Ventilação Mecânica/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Associada à Ventilação Mecânica/mortalidade , Acinetobacter baumannii/isolamento & purificação , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Broncodilatadores/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Hospitais de Ensino , Humanos , Incidência , Jordânia/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Análise de Sobrevida , Centros de Atenção Terciária , Adulto Jovem
18.
J Asthma ; 51(8): 832-8, 2014 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24779968

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Reduced vitamin-D levels in patients with asthma have been associated with impaired lung function, increased airway hyper-responsiveness, and reduced glucocorticoid responsiveness. Nationwide studies revealed a considerable prevalence of vitamin-D deficiency (VDD) in Jordanian women. OBJECTIVE: A case-control study was conducted to determine the relationship between serum vitamin A and D levels and asthma among women in North of Jordan. METHODS: Sixty-eight asthmatics, age range between 14 and 65 years and 77 healthy women, age range between 19 and 51 years, were enrolled. Asthma severity was classified using Global Initiative for Asthma (GINA) guidelines and Asthma Control Test (ACT) questionnaire. Serum vitamin-A and 25-hydroxyvitamin-D (25(OH)D3) levels were measured using high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) and liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) methods, respectively. RESULTS: The prevalence of VDD (<15 ng/ml) was higher but not statistically significant for women with asthma compared with controls (95.6% vs. 87.0%; p = 0.070). The severity of VDD correlated with the number of asthma medications (p = 0.020). 25(OH)-D3 serum levels directly correlated with asthma control level using ACT score (p = 0.012) and GINA classification (p = 0.046). After adjusting for age, the odds of having VDD for asthmatic women were 35.9 times higher than that for women with no asthma. There was no difference in serum vitamin-A level between healthy and asthmatic women (p = 0.214) and none had vitamin-A deficiency (<200 µg/dl). CONCLUSIONS: VDD is prevalent in women with asthma in northern Jordan. The severity of VDD correlated with poor asthma control and a need for more medications to control asthma. There was no association between vitamin-A and asthma.


Assuntos
Asma/complicações , Deficiência de Vitamina D/complicações , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Asma/sangue , Asma/terapia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Humanos , Jordânia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , Vitamina A/sangue , Vitamina D/sangue , Deficiência de Vitamina D/sangue , Deficiência de Vitamina D/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem
19.
Clin Exp Rheumatol ; 31(3 Suppl 77): 90-2, 2013.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23463899

RESUMO

Intracardiac and pulmonary thrombi are rare but serious manifestations of Behçet's disease, the treatment of such cases is a challenge to the treating physician and use of anticoagulants can hold a great risk to some patients. We report a patient who was found to have multiple right intraventricular and bilateral pulmonary artery thrombi and was clinically diagnosed with Behçet's disease. Early in the course of his treatment, the patient developed massive haemoptysis which precluded the further use of anticoagulants. The patient was treated with immunosuppressants alone and had complete resolution of his symptoms and documented resolution of the thrombi. In a review of the literature, only 3 out of around 50 patients reported to have intracardiac thrombi complicating Behçet's disease were treated without anticoagulants (1, 2) even though there is no clear evidence to support the benefit of anticoagulation to treat arterial or thrombotic lesions (3). We conclude that intracardiac thrombi in patients with Behçet's disease may resolve with immunosuppressants without anticoagulation, which is especially important in patients with contraindication to anticoagulation.


Assuntos
Anticoagulantes , Arteriopatias Oclusivas/tratamento farmacológico , Síndrome de Behçet/tratamento farmacológico , Cardiopatias/tratamento farmacológico , Imunossupressores/uso terapêutico , Artéria Pulmonar , Trombose/terapia , Adulto , Arteriopatias Oclusivas/diagnóstico , Arteriopatias Oclusivas/etiologia , Síndrome de Behçet/complicações , Síndrome de Behçet/diagnóstico , Contraindicações , Cardiopatias/diagnóstico , Cardiopatias/etiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Trombose/diagnóstico , Trombose/etiologia , Resultado do Tratamento
20.
Acad Radiol ; 10(10): 1104-18, 2003 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-14587629

RESUMO

RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: Efforts to establish a quantitative approach to the computed tomography (CT)-based character ization of the lung parenchyma in interstitial lung disease (including emphysema) has been sought. The accuracy of these tools must be site independent. Multi-detector row CT has remained the gold standard for imaging the lung, and it provides the ability to image both lung structure as well as lung function. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Imaging is via multi-detector row CT and protocols include careful control of lung volume during scanning. Characterization includes not only anatomic-based measures but also functional measures including regional parameters derived from measures of pulmonary blood flow and ventilation. Image processing includes the automated detection of the lungs, lobes, and airways. The airways provide the road map to the lung parenchyma. Software automatically detects the airways, the airway centerlines, and the branch points, and then automatically labels the airway tree segments with a standardized set of labels, allowing for intersubject as well intrasubject comparisons across time. By warping all lungs to a common atlas, the atlas provides the range of normality for the various parameters provided by CT imaging. RESULTS: Imaged density and textural changes mark underlying structural changes at the most peripheral regions of the lung. Additionally, texture-based alterations in the parameters of blood flow may provide early evidence of pathologic processes. Imaging of stable xenon gas provides a regional measure of ventilation which, when coupled with measures of flow, provide for a textural analysis regional of ventilation-perfusion matching. CONCLUSION: With the improved resolution and speed of CT imaging, the patchy nature of regional parenchymal pathology can be imaged as texture of structure and function. With careful control of imaging protocols and the use of objective image analysis methods it is possible to provide site-independent tools for the assessment of interstitial lung disease. There remains a need to validate these methods, which requires interdisciplinary and cross-institutional efforts to gather appropriate data bases of images along with a consensus on appropriate ground truths associated with the images. Furthermore, there is the growing need for scanner manufacturers to focus on not just visually pleasing images, but on quantitatifiably accurate images.


Assuntos
Processamento de Imagem Assistida por Computador , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/diagnóstico por imagem , Pulmão/diagnóstico por imagem , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Humanos , Pulmão/patologia , Pulmão/fisiologia , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/patologia , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/fisiopatologia , Ventilação Pulmonar
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