Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 499
Filtrar
1.
Int J Clin Pract ; : e14082, 2021 Feb 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33565683

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: CHA2 DS2 -VASc Score is widely used to predict thromboembolic risk in patients with Atrial Fibrillation (AF). We sought to study if this score predicts outcomes in elderly patients with Non-ST segment Elevation Acute Coronary Syndromes (NSTEACS). METHODS: The multicenter LONGEVO-SCA prospective registry included 532 unselected patients with NSTEACS aged ≥80 years. Data to calculate CHA2DS2-VASc Score were available in 523 patients (98.3%). They were classified according to CHA2DS2-VASc Score: group 1 (score ≤4), and 2 (5-9). We studied outcomes in terms of mortality or readmission at 6 months follow-up. RESULTS: A total of 266 patients (51%) had a high CHA2DS2-VASc Score (group 2). They were more often women, with more cardiovascular risk factors like hypertension or diabetes mellitus, and history of previous stroke and cardiovascular disease and heart failure (all, p=0.001). Geriatric syndromes (Barthel Index, Lawton Brody, cognitive impairment and frailty) and Charlson index were worse in this group (all, p=0.001). They had poorer clinical status on admission, with worse Killip class and lower left ventricle ejection fraction (all, p=0.001), and developed new onset AF more often during admission (12.4% vs. 6.6%, p=0,024). At six months follow-up, patients in group 2 had higher reinfarction, all-cause mortality, and mortality or readmission rates. A CHA2DS2-VASc Score >4 was associated with mortality or readmission at 6 months (HR 2.07, p<0.001). However, after adjusting for potential confounders, this last association was not significant (p=0.175). CONCLUSIONS: A CHA2DS2-VASc score >4 is present in half of octogenarians with NSTEACS and is associated with poorer outcomes. However, it is not an independent predictor of events and should not replace recommended tools for risk prediction in this setting.

2.
Eur J Clin Invest ; : e13505, 2021 Feb 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33529346

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There is scarce information on the prognostic role of frailty and atrial fibrillation (AF) in elderly patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS). METHODS: The aim was to analyse the management of elderly patients with frailty and AF who suffered an ACS using data of the prospective multicentre LONGEVO-SCA registry. We evaluated the predictive performance of FRAIL, Charlson scores and AF status for adverse events at 6-month follow-up. RESULTS: A total of 531 unselected patients with ACS and above 80 years old [mean age 84.4 (SD = 3.6) years; 322 (60.6%) male] were enrolled, of whom 128 (24.1%) with AF and 145 (27.3%) with frailty. Mutually exclusive number of patients were as follows: non-frail and sinus rhythm (SR) 304 (57.2%); frail and SR 99 (18.6%); non-frail and AF 82 (15.4%); and frail and AF 46 (8.7%). Frail and AF patients compared with non-frail and SR patients had higher risk of all-cause mortality [HR 2.61, (95% CI 1.28-5.31; P = .008)], readmissions [HR 2.28, (95%CI 1.37-3.80); P = .002)] and its composite [HR 2.28, (95% CI 1.44-3.60); P < .001)]. After multivariate adjustment, FRAIL score [HR 1.41, (95% CI 1.02-1.97); P = .040] and Charlson index [HR 1.32, (95% CI 1.09-1.59); P = .003] were significantly associated with mortality. AF status was not independently related with adverse events. CONCLUSIONS: Frailty but not AF status was independently associated with follow-up adverse events. Frailty status and high Charlson index were independent conditions associated with adverse events during the follow-up. The impact of functional status has a bigger prognostic role over AF status in elderly patients with ACS.

3.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 2515, 2021 Jan 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33510257

RESUMO

Expanded CGG-repeats have been linked to neurodevelopmental and neurodegenerative disorders, including the fragile X syndrome and fragile X-associated tremor/ataxia syndrome (FXTAS). We hypothesized that as of yet uncharacterised CGG-repeat expansions within the genome contribute to human disease. To catalogue the CGG-repeats, 544 human whole genomes were analyzed. In total, 6101 unique CGG-repeats were detected of which more than 93% were highly variable in repeat length. Repeats with a median size of 12 repeat units or more were always polymorphic but shorter repeats were often polymorphic, suggesting a potential intergenerational instability of the CGG region even for repeats units with a median length of four or less. 410 of the CGG repeats were associated with known neurodevelopmental disease genes or with strong candidate genes. Based on their frequency and genomic location, CGG repeats may thus be a currently overlooked cause of human disease.

4.
Neurology ; 2021 Jan 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33504645

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the phenotypic spectrum of RHOBTB2-related disorders, and specifically to determine whether patients fulfil criteria for alternating hemiplegia of childhood (AHC), we report the clinical features of 11 affected individuals. METHODS: Individuals with RHOBTB2-related disorders were identified through a movement disorder clinic at a specialist paediatric centre, with additional cases identified through collaboration with other centres internationally. Clinical data was acquired through retrospective case-note review. RESULTS: 11 affected patients were identified. All had heterozygous missense variants involving exon 9 of RHOBTB2, confirmed as de novo in nine cases. All had a complex motor phenotype, including at least two different kinds of movement disorder, e.g. ataxia and dystonia. Many patients demonstrated several features fulfilling the criteria for AHC: 10 patients had a movement disorder including paroxysmal elements and eight experienced hemiplegic episodes. In contrast to classical AHC, commonly caused by mutations in ATP1A3, these events were only reported later in RHOBTB2-mutation-positive patients, from twenty months of age. Seven patients had epilepsy, but of these, four achieved seizure-freedom. All patients had intellectual disability, usually moderate to severe. Other features include episodes of marked skin colour change and gastrointestinal symptoms, each in four patients. CONCLUSION: Although heterozygous RHOBTB2 mutations were originally described in early infantile epileptic encephalopathy (EIEE64), our study confirms that they account for a more expansive clinical phenotype, including a complex polymorphic movement disorder with paroxysmal elements resembling AHC. RHOBTB2 testing should therefore be considered in patients with an AHC-like phenotype, particularly those negative for ATPA1A3 mutations.

5.
Genet Med ; 2020 Dec 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33299146

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This study aimsed to provide a comprehensive description of the phenotypic and genotypic spectrum of SNAP25 developmental and epileptic encephalopathy (SNAP25-DEE) by reviewing newly identified and previously reported individuals. METHODS: Individuals harboring heterozygous missense or loss-of-function variants in SNAP25 were assembled through collaboration with international colleagues, matchmaking platforms, and literature review. For each individual, detailed phenotyping, classification, and structural modeling of the identified variant were performed. RESULTS: The cohort comprises 23 individuals with pathogenic or likely pathogenic de novo variants in SNAP25. Intellectual disability and early-onset epilepsy were identified as the core symptoms of SNAP25-DEE, with recurrent findings of movement disorders, cerebral visual impairment, and brain atrophy. Structural modeling for all variants predicted possible functional defects concerning SNAP25 or impaired interaction with other components of the SNARE complex. CONCLUSION: We provide a comprehensive description of SNAP25-DEE with intellectual disability and early-onset epilepsy mostly occurring before the age of two years. These core symptoms and additional recurrent phenotypes show an overlap to genes encoding other components or associated proteins of the SNARE complex such as STX1B, STXBP1, or VAMP2. Thus, these findings advance the concept of a group of neurodevelopmental disorders that may be termed "SNAREopathies."

6.
Cardiol J ; 2020 Dec 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33346372

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There are no well-established predictors of recurrent ischemic coronary events after an acute coronary syndrome (ACS). Higher levels of homocysteine have been reported to be associated with an increased atherosclerotic burden. The primary endpoint was to assess the relationship between homocysteine at discharge and very long-term recurrent myocardial infarction (MI). METHODS: 1306 consecutive patients with ACS were evaluated (862 with non-ST-segment elevation ACS [NSTEACS] and 444 with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction [STEMI]) discharged from October 2000 to June 2003 in a single teaching-center. The relationship between homocysteine at discharge and recurrent MI was evaluated through bivariate negative binomial regression accounting for mortality as a competitive event. RESULTS: The mean age was 66.8 ± 12.4 years, 69.1% were men, and 32.2% showed prior diabetes mellitus. Most of the patients were admitted for an NSTEACS (66.0%). The median (interquartile range) GRACE risk score, Charlson comorbidity index, and homocysteine were 144 (122-175) points, 1 (1-2) points, and 11.9 (9.3-15.6) µmol/L, respectively. In-hospital revascularization was performed in 26.3% of patients. At a median follow-up of 9.7 (4.5-15.1) years, 709 (54.3%) deaths were registered and 779 recurrent MI in 478 (36.6%) patients. The rates of recurrent MI were higher in patients in the upper homocysteine quartiles (p < 0.001). After a multivariate adjustment, homocysteine along its continuum remained almost linearly associated with a higher risk of recurrent MI (p = 0.001) and all-cause mortality (p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: In patients with ACS, higher homocysteine levels identified those at a higher risk of recurrent MI at very long-term follow-up.

7.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33349589

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Discordant data have been reported on the prognosis of myocardial infarction with nonobstructive coronary arteries (MINOCA). Moreover, few data are available on the impact of angiographic subtypes. The objectives of this study were to assess the prognostic impact on the long-term follow-up of the diagnosis of MINOCA and its angiographic subtypes. METHODS: We included 591 consecutive patients with non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) who underwent coronary angiography. MINOCA was classified according to angiographic findings as smooth coronary arteries, mild irregularities (< 30% stenosis), and moderate atherosclerosis (30%-49% stenosis). The primary endpoint was a composite of mortality, nonfatal myocardial infarction, and revascularization (MACE) at a median of 5 years of follow-up. RESULTS: A total of 121 patients (20.5%) showed no obstructive lesions. MINOCA was associated with a lower occurrence of MACE (P=.014; HR, 0.63; 95%CI, 0.44-0.91) and was confirmed as an independent factor in the multivariate analysis (P=.018; HR, 0.63; 95%CI, 0.43-0.92). On analysis of the separate components of the main endpoint, MINOCA was significantly associated with a lower rate of myocardial infarction and revascularization, but not with mortality. Analysis of angiographic subtypes among MINOCA patients showed that smooth coronary arteries were a statistically significant protective factor on both univariate and multivariate analysis, while mild irregularities and 30% to 49% plaques were associated with a higher risk of MACE. CONCLUSIONS: MINOCA is associated with a lower rate of MACE, driven by fewer reinfarctions and revascularizations. Within the angiographic subtypes of MINOCA, smooth arteries were independently associated with a lower number of MACE.

8.
Rev. esp. cardiol. (Ed. impr.) ; 73(12): 985-993, dic. 2020. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-192014

RESUMO

INTRODUCCIÓN Y OBJETIVOS: A pesar de los avances en el tratamiento del infarto agudo de miocardio (IAM), este sigue presentando un pronóstico desfavorable. Hay poca evidencia acerca de la evolución de los pacientes con IAM y la enfermedad coronavírica de 2019 (COVID-19). El objetivo del estudio es describir la presentación clínica, las complicaciones y los factores predictores de mortalidad hospitalaria en pacientes con IAM durante el brote de COVID-19 en España. MÉTODOS: Se realizó un estudio de cohortes, prospectivo y multicéntrico de todos los pacientes consecutivos con IAM en tratamiento invasivo durante el brote de COVID19 (15 de marzo a 15 de abril de 2020). Se compararon las características clínicas de los pacientes positivos para COVID-19 con las de los negativos, y se evaluó el efecto de la COVID-19 en la mortalidad mediante emparejamiento por puntuación de propensión y regresión logística. RESULTADOS: Se incluyó a 187 pacientes con IAM: 111 con elevación del segmento ST y 76 sin elevación. De ellos, 32 (17%) resultaron positivos para COVID-19. Las puntuaciones GRACE y Killip-Kimball y varios marcadores inflamatorios resultaron significativamente mayores en los pacientes con COVID-19. La mortalidad total y cardiovascular fueron significativamente mayores en los pacientes con COVID-19 (el 25 frente al 3,8%; p < 0,001; y el 15,2 frente al 1,8%; p = 0,001). La puntuación GRACE > 140 (OR = 23,45; IC95%, 2,52-62,51; p = 0,005) y la COVID-19 (OR = 6,61; IC95%, 1,82-24,43; p = 0,02) resultaron factores independientes de mortalidad hospitalaria. CONCLUSIONES: Durante el brote epidémico, la puntuación GRACE elevada y la COVID19 fueron los factores independientes de mortalidad hospitalaria en los pacientes con IAM


INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Despite advances in treatment, patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) still exhibit unfavorable short- and long-term prognoses. In addition, there is scant evidence about the clinical outcomes of patients with AMI and coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). The objective of this study was to describe the clinical presentation, complications, and risk factors for mortality in patients admitted for AMI during the COVID-19 pandemic. METHODS: This prospective, multicenter, cohort study included all consecutive patients with AMI who underwent coronary angiography in a 30-day period corresponding chronologically with the COVID-19 outbreak (March 15 to April 15, 2020). Clinical presentations and outcomes were compared between COVID-19 and non-COVID-19 patients. The effect of COVID-19 on mortality was assessed by propensity score matching and with a multivariate logistic regression model. RESULTS: In total, 187 patients were admitted for AMI, 111 with ST-segment elevation AMI and 76 with non-ST-segment elevation AMI. Of these, 32 (17%) were diagnosed with COVID-19. GRACE score, Killip-Kimball classification, and several inflammatory markers were significantly higher in COVID-19-positive patients. Total and cardiovascular mortality were also significantly higher in COVID-19-positive patients (25% vs 3.8% [P < .001] and 15.2% vs 1.8% [P = .001], respectively). GRACE score > 140 (OR, 23.45; 95%CI, 2.52-62.51; P = .005) and COVID-19 (OR, 6.61; 95%CI, 1.82-24.43; P = .02) were independent predictors of in-hospital death. CONCLUSIONS: During this pandemic, a high GRACE score and COVID-19 were independent risk factors associated with higher in-hospital mortality


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Infecções por Coronavirus/complicações , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/mortalidade , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/epidemiologia , Troponina/análise , Estudos Prospectivos , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Vírus da SARS/patogenicidade , Pandemias/estatística & dados numéricos , Fatores de Risco , Biomarcadores/análise
9.
Rev. esp. geriatr. gerontol. (Ed. impr.) ; 55(6): 338-342, nov.-dic. 2020. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS-Express | IBECS | ID: ibc-FGT-6057

RESUMO

ANTECEDENTES Y OBJETIVOS: La prevalencia de fibrilación auricular (FA) y cardiopatía isquémica (CI) aumenta con la edad. Coexisten en hasta un 20% de los pacientes octogenarios, situación que supone un desafío terapéutico. Los ensayos que han abordado este escenario, que incluyeron un porcentaje bajo de octogenarios, demostraron que la doble terapia (antiagregación simple + anticoagulación) en comparación con la triple terapia (doble antiagregación + anticoagulación) se asocia menos eventos hemorrágicos, especialmente con anticoagulantes orales de acción directa. Estos estudios no tenían potencia suficiente para detectar diferencias en eventos isquémicos. Por otro lado, aspectos prevalentes en la población mayor, como los síndromes geriátricos, no se valoraron en estos estudios, y tampoco en la práctica clínica habitual, desconociéndose su impacto pronóstico en este contexto clínico. MATERIAL Y MÉTODOS: Estudio observacional, prospectivo y multicéntrico, que incluirá pacientes ≥ 80 años con FA y CI en España. Se valorarán las características basales y los síndromes geriátricos, así como la elección del tratamiento antitrombótico. El objetivo primario es conocer la mortalidad cardiovascular y por todas las causas a uno y tres años. RESULTADOS: Este estudio permitirá conocer las características y el pronóstico de pacientes octogenarios con FA y CI en nuestro medio, los factores implicados en la elección del tratamiento antitrombótico y la incidencia de eventos isquémicos y hemorrágicos durante el seguimiento a corto y largo plazo. CONCLUSIONES: Nuestro trabajo contribuirá a mejorar el conocimiento en términos de seguridad y eficacia de las distintas opciones terapéuticas en pacientes mayores con FA y CI y su impacto pronóstico


BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The prevalence of atrial fibrillation (AF) and ischaemic heart disease (IHC) increases with age. They coexist in up to 20% of octogenarian patients, a situation that poses a therapeutic challenge. Trials that have addressed this scenario, which included a low percentage of octogenarians, showed that double therapy (single antiplatelet + anticoagulation) compared to triple therapy (double antiplatelet + anticoagulation) was associated with less bleeding events, especially with direct oral anticoagulants. These studies did not have sufficient power to detect differences in ischaemic events. On the other hand, prevalent characteristics in the elderly, such as geriatric syndromes, were not assessed in these studies, and are not usually evaluated in clinical practice. Accordingly, their prognostic impact remains unknown in this clinical context. METHODS: Observational, prospective, and multicentre study that will include patients ≥ 80 years with AF and IHC in Spain. Baseline characteristics and geriatric syndromes will be assessed, as well as the choice of antithrombotic treatment. The primary endpoint is cardiovascular and overall mortality at one and three years follow-up. RESULTS: This study will assess both characteristics and prognosis of octogenarian patients with AF and IHC in Spain, the factors involved in the choice of antithrombotic treatment, and the incidence of ischaemic and haemorrhagic events during the short- and long-term follow-up. CONCLUSION: This study will contribute to improve the knowledge in terms of safety and efficacy of the different therapeutic options in older patients with AF and IHC, as well as their prognostic impact

10.
Am J Med ; 2020 Oct 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33228950

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Older adult patients with frailty are rarely involved in rehabilitation programs after myocardial infarction. Our aim was to investigate the benefits of exercise intervention in these patients. METHODS: A total of 150 survivors after acute myocardial infarction, ≥70 years and with pre-frailty or frailty (Fried scale ≥1 points), were randomized to control (n = 77) or intervention (n = 73) groups. The intervention consisted of a 3-month exercise program, under physiotherapist supervision, followed by an independent home-based program. The main outcome was frailty (Fried scale) at 3 months and 1 year. Secondary endpoints were clinical events (mortality or any readmission) at 1 year. RESULTS: Mean age was 80 years (range = 70-96). In the intervention group, 44 (60%) out of 73 patients participated in the program and 23 (32%) completed it. Overall, there was a decrease in the Fried score in the intervention group at 3 months, with no effect at 1 year. However, in the intention-to-treat analysis, such change did not achieve statistical significance (P = 0.110). Only treatment comparisons made among the subgroups that participated in (P = 0.033) and completed (P = 0.018) the program achieved statistical significance. There were no differences in clinical events. Worse Fried score trajectory along follow-up increased mortality risk (hazard ratio [HR] = 2.38, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.24-4.55, P = 0.009) CONCLUSIONS: Recruitment and retention for a physical program in older adult patients with frailty after myocardial infarction was challenging. Frailty status improved in the subgroup that participated in the program, although this benefit was attenuated after shifting to a home-based program. A better frailty trajectory might influence midterm prognosis. (ClinicalTrials.govNCT02715453).

11.
Am J Hum Genet ; 107(6): 1129-1148, 2020 Dec 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33186545

RESUMO

The endosomal sorting complexes required for transport (ESCRTs) are essential for multiple membrane modeling and membrane-independent cellular processes. Here we describe six unrelated individuals with de novo missense variants affecting the ATPase domain of VPS4A, a critical enzyme regulating ESCRT function. Probands had structural brain abnormalities, severe neurodevelopmental delay, cataracts, growth impairment, and anemia. In cultured cells, overexpression of VPS4A mutants caused enlarged endosomal vacuoles resembling those induced by expression of known dominant-negative ATPase-defective forms of VPS4A. Proband-derived fibroblasts had enlarged endosomal structures with abnormal accumulation of the ESCRT protein IST1 on the limiting membrane. VPS4A function was also required for normal endosomal morphology and IST1 localization in iPSC-derived human neurons. Mutations affected other ESCRT-dependent cellular processes, including regulation of centrosome number, primary cilium morphology, nuclear membrane morphology, chromosome segregation, mitotic spindle formation, and cell cycle progression. We thus characterize a distinct multisystem disorder caused by mutations affecting VPS4A and demonstrate that its normal function is required for multiple human developmental and cellular processes.

12.
J Am Coll Cardiol ; 76(21): 2463-2473, 2020 Nov 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33213725

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In catheter-based procedures, acute kidney injury (AKI) is a frequent, serious complication ranging from 10% to 30%. In MitraClip (Abbott Vascular, Santa Clara, California), a usually contrast-free procedure, there is scarce data about its real incidence and impact. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to evaluate incidence, predictive factors, and midterm outcomes of AKI in patients with significant mitral regurgitation (MR) undergoing transcatheter valve repair with MitraClip. METHODS: A total of 721 patients undergoing MitraClip were included. AKI was defined as an absolute or a relative increase in serum creatinine of >0.3 mg/dl or ≥50%, respectively, or the need for hemodialysis during index hospitalization. RESULTS: The mean age of the patients was 72 ± 11 years (28.3% women). Median estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) was 43.7 ml/min/1.73 m2 (interquartile range: 30.9 to 60.1 ml/min/1.73 m2), and was <60 ml/min/1.73 m2 in 74.9% of the patients. AKI after MitraClip occurred in 106 patients (14.7%). Baseline hemoglobin (<11 g/dl) (odds ratio [OR]: 1.97; p = 0.003), urgent procedure (OR: 3.44; p = 0.003), and absence of device success (OR: 3.37; p < 0.001) were independent predictors of AKI. Patients with AKI had worse outcomes compared to those without AKI, including a higher proportion of in-hospital bleeding events (3.8% vs. 0.8%; p = 0.011), 2-year all-cause mortality (40.5% vs. 18.7%; p <0.001), and major adverse cardiac events (63.6% vs. 23.5%; p <0.001). Combination of AKI with significant residual MR after the procedure conferred even worst outcomes (2-year all-cause mortality 50.0% vs. 19.6%; p = 0.001, and major adverse cardiac events 70.0% vs. 18.9%; p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Despite being a "zero-contrast" procedure, one-sixth of patients undergoing transcatheter mitral valve repair had AKI, linked to device failure or other severe conditions. The occurrence of AKI was associated with worse outcomes, highlighting the importance to detect and reduce this complication in high-risk population.

13.
Brain ; 143(11): 3242-3261, 2020 Dec 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33150406

RESUMO

Heterozygous mutations in KMT2B are associated with an early-onset, progressive and often complex dystonia (DYT28). Key characteristics of typical disease include focal motor features at disease presentation, evolving through a caudocranial pattern into generalized dystonia, with prominent oromandibular, laryngeal and cervical involvement. Although KMT2B-related disease is emerging as one of the most common causes of early-onset genetic dystonia, much remains to be understood about the full spectrum of the disease. We describe a cohort of 53 patients with KMT2B mutations, with detailed delineation of their clinical phenotype and molecular genetic features. We report new disease presentations, including atypical patterns of dystonia evolution and a subgroup of patients with a non-dystonic neurodevelopmental phenotype. In addition to the previously reported systemic features, our study has identified co-morbidities, including the risk of status dystonicus, intrauterine growth retardation, and endocrinopathies. Analysis of this study cohort (n = 53) in tandem with published cases (n = 80) revealed that patients with chromosomal deletions and protein truncating variants had a significantly higher burden of systemic disease (with earlier onset of dystonia) than those with missense variants. Eighteen individuals had detailed longitudinal data available after insertion of deep brain stimulation for medically refractory dystonia. Median age at deep brain stimulation was 11.5 years (range: 4.5-37.0 years). Follow-up after deep brain stimulation ranged from 0.25 to 22 years. Significant improvement of motor function and disability (as assessed by the Burke Fahn Marsden's Dystonia Rating Scales, BFMDRS-M and BFMDRS-D) was evident at 6 months, 1 year and last follow-up (motor, P = 0.001, P = 0.004, and P = 0.012; disability, P = 0.009, P = 0.002 and P = 0.012). At 1 year post-deep brain stimulation, >50% of subjects showed BFMDRS-M and BFMDRS-D improvements of >30%. In the long-term deep brain stimulation cohort (deep brain stimulation inserted for >5 years, n = 8), improvement of >30% was maintained in 5/8 and 3/8 subjects for the BFMDRS-M and BFMDRS-D, respectively. The greatest BFMDRS-M improvements were observed for trunk (53.2%) and cervical (50.5%) dystonia, with less clinical impact on laryngeal dystonia. Improvements in gait dystonia decreased from 20.9% at 1 year to 16.2% at last assessment; no patient maintained a fully independent gait. Reduction of BFMDRS-D was maintained for swallowing (52.9%). Five patients developed mild parkinsonism following deep brain stimulation. KMT2B-related disease comprises an expanding continuum from infancy to adulthood, with early evidence of genotype-phenotype correlations. Except for laryngeal dysphonia, deep brain stimulation provides a significant improvement in quality of life and function with sustained clinical benefit depending on symptoms distribution.

14.
J Card Fail ; 2020 Oct 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33038531

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Identifying patients at risk of poor diuretic response in acute heart failure (AHF) is critical to make prompt adjustments in therapy. The objective of this study was to investigate whether the circulating levels of soluble ST2 predict the cumulative diuretic efficiency (DE) at 24 and 72 hours in patients with AHF and concomitant renal dysfunction. METHODS AND RESULTS: This is a post hoc analysis of the IMPROVE-HF trial, in which we enrolled 160 patients with AHF and renal dysfunction (estimated glomerular filtrate rate of <60 mL/min/1.73 m2). DE was calculated as the net fluid output produced per 40 mg of furosemide equivalents. The association between sST2 and DE was evaluated by using multivariate linear regression analysis. The median cumulative DE at 24 and 72 hour was 747 mL (interquartile range 490-1167 mL) and 1844 mL (interquartile range 1142-2625 mL), respectively. The median sST2 and mean estimated glomerular filtrate rate were 72 ng/mL (interquartile range 47-117 ng/mL), and 34.0 ± 8.5 mL/min/1.73 m2, respectively. In a multivariable setting, higher sST2 were significant and nonlinearly related to lower DE both at 24 and 72 hours (P = .002 and P = .019, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: In patients with AHF and renal dysfunction at presentation, circulating levels of sST2 were independently and negatively associated with a poor diuretic response, both at 24 and 72 hours.

15.
ESC Heart Fail ; 2020 Oct 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33040491

RESUMO

AIMS: The mechanisms underlying the beneficial effect of ferric carboxymaltose (FCM) in patients with heart failure (HF) and iron deficiency (ID) have not been completely characterized. The Myocardial-IRON trial was a double-blind, randomized trial that evaluated myocardial iron repletion following FCM vs. placebo in 53 patients with HF and ID. In this post hoc analysis, we evaluated whether treatment with FCM was associated with cardiac magnetic resonance changes in left and right ventricular function (LVEF and RVEF, respectively) at different points of systolic dysfunction. METHODS AND RESULTS: We included patients from the Myocardial-IRON trial with left and right ventricular systolic dysfunction (LVSD and RVSD, respectively) at enrolment. Linear mixed regression models were used to evaluate changes at 7 and 30 days on LVEF and RVEF at cardiac magnetic resonance. At enrolment, 27 (50.9%) and 38 (71.7%) patients had LVEF < 40% (LVSD1 ) or <45% (LVSD2 ), respectively, and 10 (18.9%) and 17 (32.1%) patients had RVEF < 45% (RVSD1 ) or <51% in women and <52% in men (RVSD2) , respectively. Treatment with FCM was associated with a significant improvement in LVEF at 30 days (LVSD1 : Δ2.3%, P < 0.001; LVSD2 : Δ4.1, P = 0.014). FCM was also associated with a significant and early improvement in RVEF at 7 days (RVSD1 : Δ6.9%, P = 0.003; RVSD2 : Δ3.2%, P = 0.003) that persisted at 30 days (RVSD1 : Δ8.1%, P < 0.001; RVSD2 : Δ4.7%, P < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: In patients with HF and systolic dysfunction with ID, FCM was associated with short-term improvement in LVEF and, especially, in RVEF.

16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33008787

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: An ancillary advantage of bioresorbable scaffolds is the possibility of non-invasive imaging assessment of the treated coronary segment. Cardiac computed tomography angiography (CCTA) studies of resorbable magnesium scaffolds (RMS) are scarce. METHODS: In this collaborative, international study, nine patients who had an RMS implanted underwent CCTA as part of follow-up assessment. Core-lab blinded quantitative and qualitative assessment was performed by an independent CCTA investigator. RESULTS: Eight studies were amenable for quantitative analysis, and the blinded CT investigator successfully located and evaluated patency of RMS in all cases. The CCTA follow-up in-scaffold percentage diameter stenosis and area stenosis was 22.2% (12.4-30) and 39.1% (0.23-0.50), in keeping with mild in-scaffold late loss and underlying plaque growth. Moreover, a detailed coronary plaque characterization at treated segments was feasible (fibrous plaque in 69.9%, fibrofatty in 17.13%, necrotic in 4.78% and calcium in 5.72%). As in 6 out of 8 cases, the presentation was an acute coronary syndrome, these preliminary results could suggest plaque stabilization and a good coronary vessel healing with RMS. CONCLUSION: Non-invasive, follow-up assessment of RMS with CCTA is feasible. Further CCTA studies for either clinical or research purposes with the present and upcoming generation of resorbable magnesium scaffolds are warranted.

17.
Scand Cardiovasc J ; : 1-6, 2020 Oct 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33030056

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Serum levels of matrix metalloproteinase-12 cleaved fragment of titin (TIM), a novel circulatory biomarker specific for cardiac titin degradation, has emerged as a potential biomarker in cardiovascular diseases. In this work, we aimed to evaluate the association between TIM and maximal functional capacity assessed by the percentage of predicted peak exercise oxygen uptake (pp-peakVO2) in patients with heart failure and preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF). Design. In this post-hoc study, we included 46 stable symptomatic (New York Heart Association II-III) HFpEF patients enrolled in the TRAINING-HF study (NCT02638961). pp-peak-VO2 was calculated from baseline values. Baseline circulating levels of TIM were measured by competitive ELISA in serum from the TRAINING-HF patients. The independent association between TIM and pp-peakVO2 was evaluated by multivariate linear regression analysis. Results. The mean age of the sample was 73.8 ± 8.7 years, 56.5% were females, and 76.1% were on NYHA II. The medians of pp-peakVO2 and TIM were 60.9% (50.4-69.3), and 130.1 ng/mL (98.1-159.5), respectively. The median of NT-proBNP was 912 pg/mL (302-1826). pp-peakVO2 was significant and inversely correlated with TIM (r= -41, p = .005). In multivariate analysis, after adjusting for NYHA class, hypertension, body mass index, and glomerular filtration rate, higher TIM was significantly associated with lower pp-peak VO2 (p = .029). Conclusions. In this sample of stable and symptomatic HFpEF patients, higher serum levels of TIM identified patients with worse functional status.

18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33060037

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: We sought to evaluate clinical outcomes in patients treated with the drug-eluting stent ihtDEStiny BD. BACKGROUND: The ihtDEStiny BD stent is a metallic sirolimus eluting stent with a biodegradable polymer with both drug and polymer coating the abluminal surface of the stent and balloon. METHODS: In this study, the clinical outcomes of a multicenter prospective registry of patients treated with this stent (DEStiny group) were analyzed and compared with those of a control group of patients treated with durable polymer everolimus or zotarolimus eluting stents (CONTROL group) paired by propensity score matching. Primary outcome was the target vessel failure (TVF) at 12 months defined as a composite of cardiac death, target vessel myocardial infarction (TV-MI) and target vessel revascularization (TVR). RESULTS: A total of 350 patients were included in the DESTtiny group. The control group consisted initially of 1368 patients, but after matching (1:1) 350 patients were selected as CONTROL group. The baseline clinical, angiographic and procedural characteristics were quite comparable in both groups. At 12 months follow up the TVF was 6.6% in DEStiny group and 6.3% in CONTROL group (p = 0.8). No differences were observed for any of the individual components of the primary endpoint: cardiac death 1.1% vs. 1.4%, TV-MI 3.4% vs. 3.7% and TVR 2.6% vs. 2.3% respectively. CONCLUSIONS: The use of ihtDEStiny stent in real practice is associated with a clinical performance at 12 months follow up that appears to be non-inferior to the most widely used and largely evidence supported durable polymer drug eluting stents. A longer follow up is warranted.

19.
Rev Esp Cardiol ; 73(12): 985-993, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32963419

RESUMO

Introduction and objectives: Despite advances in treatment, patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) still exhibit unfavorable short- and long-term prognoses. In addition, there is scant evidence about the clinical outcomes of patients with AMI and coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). The objective of this study was to describe the clinical presentation, complications, and risk factors for mortality in patients admitted for AMI during the COVID-19 pandemic. Methods: This prospective, multicenter, cohort study included all consecutive patients with AMI who underwent coronary angiography in a 30-day period corresponding chronologically with the COVID-19 outbreak (March 15 to April 15, 2020). Clinical presentations and outcomes were compared between COVID-19 and non-COVID-19 patients. The effect of COVID-19 on mortality was assessed by propensity score matching and with a multivariate logistic regression model. Results: In total, 187 patients were admitted for AMI, 111 with ST-segment elevation AMI and 76 with non-ST-segment elevation AMI. Of these, 32 (17%) were diagnosed with COVID-19. GRACE score, Killip-Kimball classification, and several inflammatory markers were significantly higher in COVID-19-positive patients. Total and cardiovascular mortality were also significantly higher in COVID-19-positive patients (25% vs 3.8% [P < .001] and 15.2% vs 1.8% [P = .001], respectively). GRACE score > 140 (OR, 23.45; 95%CI, 2.52-62.51; P = .005) and COVID-19 (OR, 6.61; 95%CI, 1.82-24.43; P = .02) were independent predictors of in-hospital death. Conclusions: During this pandemic, a high GRACE score and COVID-19 were independent risk factors associated with higher in-hospital mortality.Full English text available from:www.revespcardiol.org/en.

20.
ESC Heart Fail ; 2020 Sep 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32964683

RESUMO

AIMS: The aim of this study was to evaluate the safety profile in terms of changes in renal function after co-treatment with sacubitril/valsartan and empagliflozin in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) and heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF). METHODS AND RESULTS: This multicentre observational analysis included 108 patients with T2D and HFrEF treated with both agents: baseline sacubitril/valsartan (Group A; n = 43), baseline empagliflozin (Group B; n = 42), or both agents initiated simultaneously (Group C; n = 23). The primary endpoint was estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) dynamics across treatment groups. A binary characterization of worsening renal function (WRF)/improved renal function (IRF) was included in the primary endpoint. WRF and IRF were defined as an increase/decrease in serum creatinine ≥ 0.3 mg/dL or GFR ≥ 20%. Changes in quantitative variables were evaluated using joint modelling of survival and longitudinal data (JM). Rates and their treatment differences were determined by Poisson regression. The mean left ventricle ejection fraction and eGFR were 32 ± 6% and 70 ± 28 mL/min/1.73 m2 , respectively. At a median follow-up of 1.01 years (inter-quartile range 0.71-1.50), 377 outpatient visits were recorded. Although there were differences in GFR trajectories over time within each treatment, they did not achieve statistical significance (omnibus P = 0.154). However, when these differences were contrasted among groups, there was a significant decrease in GFR in Group A as compared with Group B (P = 0.002). The contrast between Groups C and B was not significant (P = 0.430). These differences were also reflected when the rates for WRF and IRF were contrasted among treatments. CONCLUSIONS: The co-administration of sacubitril/valsartan and empagliflozin in patients with HFrEF and concomitant T2D appears to be safe in terms of renal function.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...