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1.
Eur J Haematol ; 2020 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31997425

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Few treatment options exist for patients with relapsed/refractory (R/R) B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) who fail first- and second-line therapies. Pixantrone is a novel aza-anthracenedione agent with reduced potential for cardiotoxicity but maintained anti-tumour activity relative to anthracyclines. The current retrospective, observational, real-life study was undertaken in 79 patients who received pixantrone monotherapy for multiply R/R aggressive B-cell NHL in Spain and Italy. RESULTS: Before pixantrone, patients had received a median of 3 prior therapies and 84.6% of them were refractory to the last regimen. Median progression-free survival (mPFS) was 2.8 months (95% confidence interval [CI] 2.1-3.6) and median overall survival (mOS) was 4.0 months (95%CI 5.6-7.9), with an objective response rate (ORR) of 29% (complete remission [CR]: 13.2%, partial remission [PR]: 15.2%). Patients receiving ≥2 cycles of pixantrone showed mPFS and mOS of 3.1 and 6.0 months, respectively, and an ORR of 36.8% (CR: 17.5%, PR: 19.3%). Overall, 63.3% of patients reported ≥1 adverse event (AE), most commonly haematological AEs. One patient developed grade 2 sinus tachycardia. CONCLUSION: Pixantrone was effective and well tolerated in a real-world population of multiply R/R patients with aggressive B-cell NHL, many of whom had very poor prognostic factors.

2.
Blood ; 2020 Jan 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31977002

RESUMO

Treatment options for relapsed/refractory diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (R/R DLBCL) are limited with no standard of care; prognosis is poor, with 4- to 6-month median survival. Avadomide (CC-122) is a cereblon-modulating agent with immunomodulatory and direct antitumor activities. This phase 1 dose expansion study assessed safety and clinical activity of avadomide monotherapy in patients with R/R de novo DLBCL and transformed lymphoma. Additionally, a novel gene expression classifier, which identifies tumors with a high immune cell infiltration, was shown to enrich for response to avadomide in R/R DLBCL. Ninety-seven patients with R/R DLBCL, including 12 transformed lymphoma, received 3 to 5 mg of avadomide administered on continuous or intermittent schedules until unacceptable toxicity, disease progression, or withdrawal. Eighty-two patients (85%) experienced ≥1 grade 3/4 treatment-emergent adverse events (AEs), most commonly neutropenia (51%), infections (24%), anemia (12%), and febrile neutropenia (10%). Discontinuations because of AEs occurred in 10% of patients. Introduction of an intermittent 5/7­day schedule improved tolerability and reduced frequency and severity of neutropenia, febrile neutropenia, and infections. Among 84 patients with de novo R/R DLBCL, overall response rate (ORR) was 29%, including 11% complete response (CR). Responses were cell-of-origin-independent. Classifier-positive DLBCL patients (de novo) had an ORR of 44%, median progression-free survival (mPFS) of 6 months, and 16% CR versus an ORR of 19%, mPFS of 1.5 months, and 5% CR in classifier-negative patients (P = .0096). Avadomide is being evaluated in combination with other antilymphoma agents. This trial was registered at www.clinicaltrials.gov as #NCT01421524.

3.
Biomarkers ; 25(1): 69-75, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31752540

RESUMO

Introduction: The present study evaluates CD30 expression by immunohistochemistry (IHQ) in 216 patients with de novo DLBCL.Methods: CD30 expression was assessed retrospectively in all cases by IHQ. More than >0% and >20% of CD30 expression in the malignant cells were used as a cut-off for positivity. Survival was analysed in 176 patients treated with R-CHOP/R-CHOP-like regimens.Results: CD30 expression >0% was found in 66 (31%) patients, and >20% in 41 (19%). Younger patients <60 years (p = 0.03), good performance status (p = 0.04), and non-GCB subtype (p = 0.004) correlated with CD30 expression. No significant differences were found in overall survival and progression-free survival (PFS), although there was a trend towards better PFS in CD30-positive patients (p = 0.07). Among 7 patients with Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-positive-DLBCL, CD30 was expressed in 71%, and 2-year PFS significantly inferior compared with CD30-positive EBV-negative-DLBCL patients (p = 0.01).Conclusion: CD30 is expressed in 30% of DLBCL patients, in whom targeted therapy with an anti-CD30 monoclonal antibody could be explored. CD30 is expressed more frequently younger patients, with better performance status and in the non-GCB subtype and its expression trends towards a better PFS. No significant differences regarding characteristics at diagnosis or prognosis were found between groups with different cut-off for positivity.

4.
Eur J Haematol ; 2019 Nov 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31769545

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To clarify the impact of histological grades in follicular lymphoma. METHODS: We retrospectively analysed 250 patients diagnosed with FL treated with chemoimmunotherapy: 188 patients were grades 1-2 and 62 grade 3A. RESULTS: In our series, grade 3A FL patients were older, higher proportion of localised disease and lower bone marrow infiltration at diagnosis comparing grades 1-2 FL patients. Estimated six-year progression-free survival and time to progression showed no differences between both groups [grade 3A: 56% (95%CI: 39%-73%) and 51% (95%CI: 41%-61%) vs grades 1-2:55% (95%CI: 46%-63%) and 57% (95%CI: 49%-65%), P = .782 and P = .521, respectively]. Estimated six-year overall survival was lower, 76% (95%CI: 64%-88%) for the grade 3A group than grades 1-2 83% (95%CI: 77%-89%); P = .044. In addition to that, cumulative incidence curves of death not related to lymphoma at 10 years between groups were as follows: [0.26 (95%CI: 0.25-0.27) and 0.05 (95%CI: 0.04-0.06) for G3AFL and G1-2FL, respectively], P = .010. Grade 3A FL showed in PFS curve no relapses after 6 years. These results were absolutely reproduced in 199 patients receiving R-CHOP regimen as induction. CONCLUSIONS: Our results indicate similar long-term outcomes in terms of progression-free survival and time to progression in grades 1-2 and 3A. No relapses were observed in G3AFL group after 6 years.

5.
Cancer Med ; 8(16): 6955-6966, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31573746

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Consensus is lacking regarding the optimal salvage therapy for patients with follicular lymphoma who relapse after or are refractory to immunochemotherapy. METHODS: This phase II trial evaluated the efficacy and safety of response-adapted therapy with rituximab, bendamustine, mitoxantrone, and dexamethasone (RBMD) in follicular lymphoma patients who relapsed after or were refractory to first-line immunochemotherapy. Sixty patients received three treatment cycles, and depending on their response received an additional one (complete/unconfirmed complete response) or three (partial response) cycles. Patients who responded to induction received rituximab maintenance therapy for 2 years. RESULTS: Thirty-three (55%) and 42 (70%) patients achieved complete/unconfirmed complete response after three cycles and on completing induction therapy (4-6 cycles), respectively (final overall response rate, 88.3%). Median progression-free survival was 56.4 months (median follow-up, 28.3 months; 95% CI, 15.6-51.2). Overall survival was not reached. Progression-free survival did not differ between patients who received four vs six cycles (P = .6665), nor between patients who did/did not receive rituximab maintenance after first-line therapy (P = .5790). Median progression-free survival in the 10 refractory patients was 25.5 months (95% CI, 0.6-N/A) and was longer in patients who had shown progression of disease after 24 months of first-line therapy (median, 56.4 months; 95% CI, 19.8-56.4) than in those who showed early progression (median, 42.31 months; 95% CI, 24.41-NA) (P = .4258). Thirty-six (60%) patients had grade 3/4 neutropenia. Grade 3/4 febrile neutropenia and infection were recorded during induction (4/60 [6.7%] and 5/60 [8.3%] patients, respectively) and maintenance (2/43 [4.5%] and 4/43 [9.1%] patients, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: This response-adapted treatment with RBMD followed by rituximab maintenance is an effective and well-tolerated salvage treatment for relapsed/refractory follicular lymphoma following first-line immunochemotherapy. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov # NCT01133158.

6.
Hematol Oncol ; 37(5): 564-568, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31475375

RESUMO

Patients with follicular lymphoma (FL) refractory to front-line immunochemotherapy (ICT) have a poor overall survival (OS). Gene mutation analysis may be more accurate than classical risk factors to pick out these patients before treatment. This study aimed to describe the prevalence of selected genetic mutations in a cohort of patients with high-risk FL. Twenty-five patients with FL refractory to front-line ICT and 10 non-refractory patients matched for age, sex, and FLIPI score were included. We sequenced 18 genes (custom targeted sequencing panel) previously reported to potentially have prognostic impact, including the seven genes necessary to determine m7FLIPI risk. The 35 patients had a median age of 62. The FLIPI and FLIPI2 were high in 27 (84%) and 14 (48%), respectively. Three-year progression-free survival (PFS) and OS probabilities were 25% (95% CI, 13%-41%) and 53% (34%-69%), respectively. There were 73 variants in the 18 genes among the 35 patients. The median number of mutations per patient was 1 (interquartile range, 0-3). The most commonly mutated genes were CREBBP (11 of 35, 31%) and EP300 (10 of 35, 29%). EP300 mutations were associated with refractoriness to treatment (10 of 25 among refractory and 0 of 10 among non-refractory). In conclusion, in this study, patients with high-risk follicular lymphoma were genetically heterogeneous.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Linfoma Folicular/tratamento farmacológico , Linfoma Folicular/genética , Idoso , Feminino , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica/métodos , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Linfoma Folicular/mortalidade , Linfoma Folicular/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Terapia de Alvo Molecular/métodos , Mutação , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Resultado do Tratamento
7.
Acta Oncol ; 58(11): 1564-1569, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31368395

RESUMO

Introduction: Patients with follicular lymphoma (FL) have classically had a higher risk of solid cancers than the general population, but there is little data available in patients diagnosed and treated with modern day regimens.Material and methods: We conducted a retrospective multicenter study assessing the cumulative incidence of solid cancers other than nonmelanoma skin cancer in patients with FL between 1997 and 2016 and determined the standardized incidence ratio (SIR) to compare the incidence of solid cancers with that of the general populationResults: Among 1002 FL patients with 7 years of median follow-up, we found 74 solid cancers (most common breast [n = 19], lung and colon [n = 9 each]). The cumulative incidence was 3.8% at 5 years (95%CI 2.6-5.2) from the time of diagnosis and 4.4% at 5 years (95%CI 3.1-5.9%) from the time of front-line treatment. Although a comparison of all front-line strategies did not reveal differences in the risk of solid cancers, patients treated with anthracycline-based regimens appeared to have a lower incidence than those treated with bendamustine-based strategies (2.8% vs. 6.9%). However, patients receiving the former regimen were younger than the latter. On multivariable analysis, older age was correlated with the incidence of solid cancer and bendamustine-based treatment was of borderline significance. SIR for any solid cancer was 1.22 (95%CI 0.91-1.64), indicating no increased risk of solid cancer in patients with FL over that of the general population. However, on subgroup analyses, female patients treated with bendamustine-based strategies appeared to have a greater risk (SIR 3.85 [95%CI 1.45-10.27])Discussion: The incidence of solid cancer in this cohort of patients with FL was low and not greater than in the general population. However, the risk may be greater in female patients treated with bendamustine.

8.
Br J Haematol ; 187(3): 364-371, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31267514

RESUMO

Follicular lymphoma (FL) is the most common indolent lymphoma. Currently there are many comparable treatment options available for FL. When selecting the most optimal therapy it is important to consider possible late effects of the treatment as well as survival. Secondary haematological malignancy (SHM) is a severe late effect of treatments, but the incidence of SHMs is still largely unknown. The goal of the present study was to determine the incidence of SHMs and how therapeutic decisions interfere with this risk. The study included 1028 FL patients with a median follow-up time of 5·6 years. The 5-year risk of SHM was 1·1% and the risk was associated with multiple lines of treatment (P = 0·016). The 5-year risk of SHM was 0·5% after the first-line treatment and 1·6% after the second-line. The standardized incidence ratio (SIR) was 6·2 (95% confidence interval 3·4-10·5) for SHM overall. This retrospective study found that the risk of SHM was low after first-line treatment in FL patients from the rituximab era. However, the risk of SHM increases with multiple lines of treatment. Therapeutic approaches should aim to achieve as long a remission as possible with first-line treatment, thereby postponing the added risk of SHM.

9.
Blood Rev ; 35: 68-80, 2019 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30928169

RESUMO

Follicular lymphoma (FL) is the most common indolent lymphoma. Therapeutic advances in the past decade have improved its prognosis, but some questions remain open, particularly over adapting therapy to each individual patient's disease risk. Several trials and large studies dealing with biological and therapeutic aspects of FL have been published in the past few months and may have immediate or near-future practice-changing implications. These studies include risk-assessment by gene expression profiling, the therapeutic strategy in localized FL, use of obinutuzumab or lenalidomide in the front-line setting, stem cell transplant in early treatment failure and phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) inhibition and chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cells in multiply relapsed disease. This review aims to contextualize these studies, summarize their design and results, assess their impact, highlight related questions that remain unanswered and, finally, provide a personal view as to how they change our approach to non-transformed FL.


Assuntos
Linfoma Folicular/diagnóstico , Linfoma Folicular/etiologia , Linfoma Folicular/terapia , Biomarcadores Tumorais , Ensaios Clínicos como Assunto , Terapia Combinada , Suscetibilidade a Doenças , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Linfoma Folicular/mortalidade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prognóstico , Resultado do Tratamento
10.
Leuk Lymphoma ; 60(10): 2524-2531, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30942640

RESUMO

Short responses to immunochemotherapy predict for an inferior OS in follicular lymphoma. We set out to determine whether this is also the case in marginal zone lymphoma. A group of 139 marginal zone lymphoma (MZL) patients treated with front-line immuno- or immunochemotherapy (I/ICT) were categorized into I/ICT-refractory (non-response or relapse/progression within six months of treatment response assessment) or I/ICT-sensitive. Twenty-three patients (17%) were refractory. Refractory patients had inferior OS (4-yr probabilities of 57% vs. 83%, p = .0003) as did those with beta2-microglobulin (B2M)>3 mg/L (4-yr probabilities of 80% vs. 100%, p = .0029). On multivariable analysis they both showed a borderline significant correlation with OS (p = .06 and .07, respectively). B2M > 3 mg/L was also an adverse prognostic factor for progression-free survival in both univariable (4-yr probability of 61% vs. 83%, p = .02) and multivariable analysis (HR 2.9, p = .02). In conclusion, B2M and refractoriness to I/ICT may identify patients with MZL at higher risk of inferior survival.

12.
Br J Haematol ; 185(3): 480-491, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30793290

RESUMO

The use of immunochemotherapy has improved the outcome of follicular lymphoma (FL). Recently, complete response at 30 months (CR30) has been suggested as a surrogate for progression-free survival. This study aimed to analyse the life expectancy of FL patients according to their status at 30 months from the start of treatment in comparison with the sex and age-matched Spanish general population (relative survival; RS). The training series comprised 263 patients consecutively diagnosed with FL in a 10-year period who needed therapy and were treated with rituximab-containing regimens. An independent cohort of 693 FL patients from the Grupo Español de Linfomas y Trasplante Autólogo de Médula Ósea (GELTAMO) group was used for validation. In the training cohort, 188 patients were in CR30, with a 10-year overall survival (OS) of 53% and 87% for non-CR30 and CR30 patients, respectively. Ten-year RS was 73% and 100%, showing no decrease in life expectancy for CR30 patients. Multivariate analysis indicated that the FL International Prognostic Index was the most important variable predicting OS in the CR30 group. The impact of CR30 status on RS was validated in the independent GELTAMO series. In conclusion, FL patients treated with immunochemotherapy who were in CR at 30 months showed similar survival to a sex- and age-matched Spanish general population.

16.
Clin Infect Dis ; 68(5): 834-843, 2019 02 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29982484

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) has been implicated in lymphomagenesis and can be found infecting tumor cells and in plasma at lymphoma diagnosis, especially in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients. Our aim was to evaluate the usefulness of plasma EBV load as biomarker and prognostic factor in HIV-positive patients with lymphomas. METHODS: EBV loads were measured by polymerase chain reaction in plasma samples of 81 HIV-positive patients' lymphomas at different moments: within 1 year before lymphoma diagnosis, at diagnosis, and at complete response (CR). Control samples included HIV-negative patients with lymphomas and HIV-positive patients without neoplasia or opportunistic infections. RESULTS: HIV-positive patients with lymphomas had more frequently-detectable EBV load at lymphoma diagnosis (53%) than either HIV-negative patients with the same lymphoma type (16%; P < .001) or HIV-positive individuals without neoplasia or opportunistic infection (1.2%; P < .001). HIV-positive lymphoma patients with detectable EBV load in plasma at lymphoma diagnosis had statistically significant decrease of EBV load at CR. High EBV load (>5000 copies/mL) at lymphoma diagnosis was an independent negative prognostic factor for overall survival and progression-free survival in HIV-positive patients with lymphomas. Detectable plasma EBV loads identified HIV-positive subjects that would eventually develop lymphoma (area under the curve, 82%; 95% CI: 0.67-0.96). CONCLUSIONS: Plasma EBV load can be used as a biomarker and as a prognostic factor in HIV-positive patients with lymphomas. The presence of the EBV load in the plasma of an HIV-positive patient can be an early predictor of lymphoma development.

17.
Lancet Haematol ; 5(11): e543-e553, 2018 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30389036

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Studies in patients with rheumatoid arthritis and advanced follicular lymphoma have shown that CT-P10, a rituximab biosimilar, has equivalent or non-inferior efficacy and pharmacokinetics to rituximab. We aimed to assess the therapeutic equivalence of single-agent CT-P10 and rituximab in patients with newly diagnosed low-tumour burden follicular lymphoma. METHODS: In this ongoing, randomised, double-blind, parallel-group, active-controlled, phase 3 trial, adult patients (≥18 years) with stage II-IV low-tumour-burden follicular lymphoma were randomly assigned (1:1) using an interactive web or voice response system stratified by region, stage, and age to CT-P10 or US-sourced rituximab. Patients received CT-P10 or rituximab (375 mg/m2 intravenous) on day 1 of four 7-day cycles (induction period). Patients who had disease control after the induction period continued to a maintenance period of CT-P10 or rituximab administered every 8 weeks for six cycles and, if completed, a second year of maintenance therapy of additional CT-P10 (every 8 weeks for six cycles) was offered. The study was partially unmasked after database lock (Feb 23, 2018) for all data up to 7 months (before cycle 3 of the maintenance period). The primary endpoint was the proportion of patients who achieved an overall response by 7 months in the intention-to-treat population. Efficacy equivalence was shown if the two-sided 90% CIs for the treatment difference in the proportion of responders between CT-P10 and rituximab was within the equivalence margin of 17%. This trial is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, number NCT02260804. FINDINGS: Between Nov 9, 2015, and Jan 4, 2018, 402 patients were assessed for eligibility, of whom 258 were randomly assigned: 130 to CT-P10 and 128 to rituximab. 108 (83%) of 130 patients assigned to CT-P10 and 104 (81%) of 128 assigned to rituximab achieved an overall response by month 7 (treatment difference estimate 1·8%; 90% CI -6·43 to 10·20). Therapeutic equivalence was shown (90% CIs were within the prespecified margin of 17%). The most common grade 3 or 4 treatment-emergent adverse events were decreased neutrophil count (two grade 3 in the CT-P10 group) and neutropenia (one in each group); all other grade 3 or 4 treatment-emergent adverse events occurred in one patient each. Six (5%) of 130 patients who received CT-P10 and three (2%) of 128 who received rituximab experienced at least one treatment-emergent serious adverse event. INTERPRETATION: CT-P10 was equivalent to rituximab in terms of efficacy and was well tolerated. CT-P10 monotherapy is suggested as a new therapeutic option for patients with low-tumour-burden follicular lymphoma. FUNDING: Celltrion, Inc.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais Murinos/farmacocinética , Anticorpos Monoclonais Murinos/uso terapêutico , Linfoma Folicular/tratamento farmacológico , Linfoma Folicular/patologia , Rituximab/uso terapêutico , Segurança , Carga Tumoral , Anticorpos Monoclonais Murinos/efeitos adversos , Anticorpos Monoclonais Murinos/farmacologia , Medicamentos Biossimilares/efeitos adversos , Medicamentos Biossimilares/farmacocinética , Medicamentos Biossimilares/farmacologia , Medicamentos Biossimilares/uso terapêutico , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Método Duplo-Cego , Feminino , Humanos , Linfoma Folicular/metabolismo , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Rituximab/efeitos adversos , Rituximab/farmacocinética , Rituximab/farmacologia , Resultado do Tratamento , Carga Tumoral/efeitos dos fármacos
18.
Oncotarget ; 9(64): 32383-32399, 2018 Aug 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30190794

RESUMO

Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) accounts for approximately 30% of non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) cases in adult series. DLBCL is characterized by marked clinical and biological heterogeneity, encompassing up to 16 distinct clinicopathological entities. While current treatments are effective in 60% to 70% of patients, those who are resistant to treatment continue to die from this disease. An expert panel performed a systematic review of all data on the diagnosis, prognosis, and treatment of DLBCL published in PubMed, EMBASE and MEDLINE up to December 2017. Recommendations were classified in accordance with the Grading of Recommendations Assessment Development and Evaluation (GRADE) framework, and the proposed recommendations incorporated into practical algorithms. Initial discussions between experts began in March 2016, and a final consensus was reached in November 2017. The final document was reviewed by all authors in February 2018 and by the Scientific Committee of the Spanish Lymphoma Group GELTAMO.

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