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1.
Int J Clin Exp Pathol ; 6(8): 1538-48, 2013.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23923072

RESUMO

The wide use of paclitaxel and docetaxel in NSCLC clinical treatment makes it necessary to find biomarkers for identifying patients who can benefit from paclitaxel or docetaxel. In present study, NCI-H460, a NSCLC cell line with different sensitivity to paclitaxel and docetaxel, was applied to DNA microarray expression profiling analysis at different time points of lower dose treatment with paclitaxel or docetaxel. And the complex signaling pathways regulating the drug response were identified, and several novel sensitivity-realted markers were biocomputated.The dynamic changes of responding genes showed that paclitaxel effect is acute but that of docetaxel is durable at least for 48 hours in NCI-H460 cells. Functional annotation of the genes with altered expression showed that genes/pathways responding to these two drugs were dramatically different. Gene expression changes induced by paclitaxel treatment were mainly enriched in actin cytoskeleton (ACTC1, MYL2 and MYH2), tyrosine-protein kinases (ERRB4, KIT and TIE1) and focal adhesion pathway (MYL2, IGF1 and FLT1), while the expression alterations responding to docetaxel were highly co-related to cell surface receptor linked signal transduction (SHH, DRD5 and ADM2), cytokine-cytokine receptor interaction (IL1A and IL6) and cell cycle regulation (CCNB1, CCNE2 and PCNA). Moreover, we also confirmed some different expression patterns with real time PCR. Our study will provide the potential biomarkers for paclitaxel and docetaxel-selection therapy in clinical application.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/genética , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos/genética , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Paclitaxel/farmacologia , Taxoides/farmacologia , Biomarcadores Tumorais/análise , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Docetaxel , Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Análise de Sequência com Séries de Oligonucleotídeos , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Transdução de Sinais/genética
2.
Can J Physiol Pharmacol ; 90(12): 1576-84, 2012 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23210436

RESUMO

We investigated the effects of arsenic trioxide (As(2)O(3)) as a possible approach for preventing airway remodeling in a murine model of bronchial asthma induced by ovalbumin (OVA) challenge. Forty Balb/c mice were randomly assigned to 1 of 4 groups (10 mice/group) as follows: controls (challenged with sterile saline inhalation only); OVA-challenged, no treatment; OVA-challenged, treated with dexamethasone; and OVA-challenged, treated with As(2)O(3). All mice were sensitized by intraperitoneal injection with 10% OVA at 2 weeks prior to saline or OVA inhalation challenge. Challenges were for 8 weeks. After OVA challenge, typical asthma-like morphology changes in the bronchi and lung tissues were observed by hematoxylin-eosin staining and pulmonary function indices were reduced compared with controls. Changes in pulmonary indices and lung tissues were similar in the dexamethasone and As(2)O(3) groups and were in between those of the untreated and control groups. Compared with the untreated group, transforming growth factor ß1, vascular endothelial growth factor, and matrix metalloproteinase-9 protein levels and mRNA expression were decreased in lung tissues of the dexamethasone and As(2)O(3) groups. Our results suggest that steroids and As(2)O(3) can inhibit airway remodeling in chronic asthma by mechanisms related to inhibiting the expression of the 3 aforementioned mediators.


Assuntos
Remodelação das Vias Aéreas/efeitos dos fármacos , Arsenicais/farmacologia , Asma/tratamento farmacológico , Brônquios/efeitos dos fármacos , Pulmão/efeitos dos fármacos , Óxidos/farmacologia , Remodelação das Vias Aéreas/genética , Animais , Trióxido de Arsênio , Asma/genética , Asma/metabolismo , Asma/patologia , Brônquios/metabolismo , Brônquios/patologia , Dexametasona/farmacologia , Feminino , Pulmão/metabolismo , Pulmão/patologia , Metaloproteinase 9 da Matriz/genética , Metaloproteinase 9 da Matriz/metabolismo , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Ovalbumina/farmacologia , Distribuição Aleatória , Testes de Função Respiratória/métodos , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta1/genética , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta1/metabolismo , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/genética , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/metabolismo
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