Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 68
Filtrar
1.
J Clin Invest ; 131(17)2021 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34580244

RESUMO

Inter-α inhibitor proteins (IAIPs) are a family of endogenous plasma and extracellular matrix molecules. IAIPs suppress proinflammatory cytokines, limit excess complement activation, and bind extracellular histones to form IAIP-histone complexes, leading to neutralization of histone-associated cytotoxicity in models of sepsis. Many of these detrimental processes also play critical roles in the pathophysiology of ischemic stroke. In this study, we first assessed the clinical relevance of IAIPs in stroke and then tested the therapeutic efficacy of exogenous IAIPs in several experimental stroke models. IAIP levels were reduced in both ischemic stroke patients and in mice subjected to experimental ischemic stroke when compared with controls. Post-stroke administration of IAIP significantly improved stroke outcomes across multiple stroke models, even when given 6 hours after stroke onset. Importantly, the beneficial effects of delayed IAIP treatment were observed in both young and aged mice. Using targeted gene expression analysis, we identified a receptor for complement activation, C5aR1, that was highly suppressed in both the blood and brain of IAIP-treated animals. Subsequent experiments using C5aR1-knockout mice demonstrated that the beneficial effects of IAIPs are mediated in part by C5aR1. These results indicate that IAIP is a potential therapeutic candidate for the treatment of ischemic stroke.

3.
Int J Stroke ; : 17474930211050749, 2021 Sep 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34569877

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Among prognostic imaging variables, the hematoma volume on admission CT has long been considered the strongest predictor of outcome and mortality in intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). AIMS: To examine whether different features of hematoma shape are associated with functional outcome in deep ICH. METHODS: We analyzed 790 patients from the ATACH-2 trial, and 14 shape features were quantified. We calculated Spearmanâs Rho to assess the correlation between shape features and 3-month modified Rankin scale (mRS) score, and the ROC-AUC to quantify the association between shape features and poor outcome defined as mRS>2 as well as mRS>3. RESULTS: Among 14 shape features, the maximum ICH diameter in the coronal plane was the strongest predictor of functional outcome, with a maximum coronal diameter >~3.5 cm indicating higher 3-month mRS scores. The maximum coronal diameter versus hematoma volume yielded a Rho of 0.40 vs 0.35 (p=0.006), an AUC[mRS>2] of 0.71 vs 0.68 (p=0.004), and an AUC[mRS>3] of 0.71 vs 0.69 (p=0.029). In multiple regression analysis adjusted for known outcome predictors, the maximum coronal diameter was independently associated with 3-month mRS (p<0.001). CONCLUSIONS: A coronal-plane maximum diameter measurement offers greater prognostic value in deep ICH than hematoma volume. This simple shape metric may expedite assessment of admission head CTs, offer a potential biomarker for hematoma size eligibility criteria in clinical trials and may substitute volume in prognostic ICH scoring systems.

4.
Biomolecules ; 11(8)2021 07 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34439789

RESUMO

We investigated cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) expression of inflammatory cytokines and their relationship with spontaneous intracerebral and intraventricular hemorrhage (ICH, IVH) and perihematomal edema (PHE) volumes in patients with acute IVH. Twenty-eight adults with IVH requiring external ventricular drainage for obstructive hydrocephalus had cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) collected for up to 10 days and had levels of interleukin-1α (IL-1α), IL-1ß, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10, tumor necrosis factor-α (TNFα), and C-C motif chemokine ligand CCL2 measured using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Median [IQR] ICH and IVH volumes at baseline (T0) were 19.8 [5.8-48.8] and 14.3 [5.3-38] mL respectively. Mean levels of IL-1ß, IL-6, IL-10, TNF-α, and CCL2 peaked early compared to day 9-10 (p < 0.05) and decreased across subsequent time periods. Levels of IL-1ß, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10, and CCL2 had positive correlations with IVH volume at days 3-8 whereas positive correlations with ICH volume occurred earlier at day 1-2. Significant correlations were found with PHE volume for IL-6, IL-10 and CCL2 at day 1-2 and with relative PHE at days 7-8 or 9-10 for IL-1ß, IL-6, IL-8, and IL-10. Time trends of CSF cytokines support experimental data suggesting association of cerebral inflammatory responses with ICH/IVH severity. Pro-inflammatory markers are potential targets for injury reduction.


Assuntos
Hemorragia Cerebral Intraventricular/genética , Expressão Gênica , Hidrocefalia/genética , Adulto , Idoso , Hemorragia Cerebral Intraventricular/líquido cefalorraquidiano , Hemorragia Cerebral Intraventricular/fisiopatologia , Hemorragia Cerebral Intraventricular/terapia , Quimiocina CCL2/líquido cefalorraquidiano , Quimiocina CCL2/genética , Drenagem/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Hidrocefalia/líquido cefalorraquidiano , Hidrocefalia/fisiopatologia , Hidrocefalia/terapia , Interleucina-10/líquido cefalorraquidiano , Interleucina-10/genética , Interleucina-1alfa/líquido cefalorraquidiano , Interleucina-1alfa/genética , Interleucina-1beta/líquido cefalorraquidiano , Interleucina-1beta/genética , Interleucina-6/líquido cefalorraquidiano , Interleucina-6/genética , Interleucina-8/líquido cefalorraquidiano , Interleucina-8/genética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/líquido cefalorraquidiano , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/genética
5.
J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis ; 30(10): 106016, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34325273

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Transient ischemic attack (TIA) can be a warning sign of an impending stroke. The objective of our study is to assess the feasibility, safety, and cost savings of a comprehensive TIA protocol in the emergency room for low-risk TIA patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a retrospective, single-center cohort study performed at an academic comprehensive stroke center. We implemented an emergency department-based TIA protocol pathway for low-risk TIA patients (defined as ABCD2 score < 4 and without significant vessel stenosis) who were able to undergo vascular imaging and a brain MRI in the emergency room. Patients were set up with rapid outpatient follow-up in our stroke clinic and scheduled for an outpatient echocardiogram, if indicated. We compared this cohort to TIA patients admitted prior to the implementation of the TIA protocol who would have qualified. Outcomes of interest included length of stay, hospital cost, radiographic and echocardiogram findings, recurrent neurovascular events within 30 days, and final diagnosis. RESULTS: A total of 138 patients were assessed (65 patients in the pre-pathway cohort, 73 in the expedited, post-TIA pathway implementation cohort). Average time from MRI order to MRI end was 6.4 h compared to 2.3 h in the pre- and post-pathway cohorts, respectively (p < 0.0001). The average length of stay for the pre-pathway group was 28.8 h in the pre-pathway cohort compared to 7.7 h in the post-pathway cohort (p < 0.0001). There were no differences in neuroimaging or echocardiographic findings. There were no differences in the 30 days re-presentation for stroke or TIA or mortality between the two groups. The direct cost per TIA admission was $2,944.50 compared to $1,610.50 for TIA patients triaged through the pathway at our institution. CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrates the feasibility, safety, and cost-savings of a comprehensive, emergency department-based TIA protocol. Further study is needed to confirm overall benefit of an expedited approach to TIA patient management and guide clinical practice recommendations.

6.
Eur J Neurol ; 28(9): 2989-3000, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34189814

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Radiomics provides a framework for automated extraction of high-dimensional feature sets from medical images. We aimed to determine radiomics signature correlates of admission clinical severity and medium-term outcome from intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) lesions on baseline head computed tomography (CT). METHODS: We used the ATACH-2 (Antihypertensive Treatment of Acute Cerebral Hemorrhage II) trial dataset. Patients included in this analysis (n = 895) were randomly allocated to discovery (n = 448) and independent validation (n = 447) cohorts. We extracted 1130 radiomics features from hematoma lesions on baseline noncontrast head CT scans and generated radiomics signatures associated with admission Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS), admission National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS), and 3-month modified Rankin Scale (mRS) scores. Spearman's correlation between radiomics signatures and corresponding target variables was compared with hematoma volume. RESULTS: In the discovery cohort, radiomics signatures, compared to ICH volume, had a significantly stronger association with admission GCS (0.47 vs. 0.44, p = 0.008), admission NIHSS (0.69 vs. 0.57, p < 0.001), and 3-month mRS scores (0.44 vs. 0.32, p < 0.001). Similarly, in independent validation, radiomics signatures, compared to ICH volume, had a significantly stronger association with admission GCS (0.43 vs. 0.41, p = 0.02), NIHSS (0.64 vs. 0.56, p < 0.001), and 3-month mRS scores (0.43 vs. 0.33, p < 0.001). In multiple regression analysis adjusted for known predictors of ICH outcome, the radiomics signature was an independent predictor of 3-month mRS in both cohorts. CONCLUSIONS: Limited by the enrollment criteria of the ATACH-2 trial, we showed that radiomics features quantifying hematoma texture, density, and shape on baseline CT can provide imaging correlates for clinical presentation and 3-month outcome. These findings couldtrigger a paradigm shift where imaging biomarkers may improve current modelsfor prognostication, risk-stratification, and treatment triage of ICH patients.

9.
Stroke ; 52(5): 1835-1838, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33827242

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: To determine whether obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is associated with intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) risk, we assessed premorbid OSA exposure of patients with nontraumatic ICH and matched controls. METHODS: Ethnic/Racial Variations of Intracerebral Hemorrhage is a multicenter, case-control study evaluating risk factors for ICH that recruited 3000 cases with ICH and 3000 controls. OSA status was ascertained using the Berlin Questionnaire as a surrogate for premorbid OSA. We performed logistic regression analyses to evaluate the association between OSA and ICH. RESULTS: Two thousand and sixty-four (71%) cases and 1516 (52%) controls were classified as having OSA by the Berlin Questionnaire. Cases with OSA were significantly more likely to be male and have hypertension, heart disease, hyperlipidemia, and higher body mass index compared with those without OSA. OSA was more common among cases compared with controls (71% versus 52%, odds ratio, 2.28 [95% CI, 2.05-2.55]). In a multivariable logistic regression model, OSA was associated with increased risk for ICH (odds ratio, 1.47 [95% CI, 1.29-1.67]). CONCLUSIONS: OSA is a risk factor for ICH.

10.
Stem Cell Res ; 53: 102318, 2021 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33836422

RESUMO

Although delivery of neural stem cell (NSC) as a therapeutic treatment for intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) provides promise, NSC delivery typically has extremely low survival rates. Here, we investigate endothelial cell (EC) and pericyte (PC) interactions with NSC, where our results demonstrate that EC, and not PC, promote NSC cell proliferation and reduce cytotoxicity under glucose deprivation (GD). Additionally, NSC proliferation was increased upon treatment with EC conditioned media, inhibited with antagonism of VEGFR3. In an NSC + EC co-culture we detected elevated levels of VEGF-C, not seen for NSC cultured alone. Exogenous VEGF-C induced NSC upregulation of VEGFR3, promoted proliferation, and reduced cytotoxicity. Finally, we delivered microbeads containing NSC + EC into a murine ICH cavity, where VEGF-C was increasingly present in the injury site, not seen upon delivery NSC encapsulated alone. These studies demonstrate that EC-secreted VEGF-C may promote NSC survival during injury, enhancing the potential for cell delivery therapies for stroke.


Assuntos
Células-Tronco Neurais , Fator C de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular , Animais , Diferenciação Celular , Meios de Cultivo Condicionados , Células Endoteliais , Camundongos
12.
Sci Immunol ; 6(56)2021 Feb 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33891558

RESUMO

Opportunities to interrogate the immune responses in the injured tissue of living patients suffering from acute sterile injuries such as stroke and heart attack are limited. We leveraged a clinical trial of minimally invasive neurosurgery for patients with intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH), a severely disabling subtype of stroke, to investigate the dynamics of inflammation at the site of brain injury over time. Longitudinal transcriptional profiling of CD14+ monocytes/macrophages and neutrophils from hematomas of patients with ICH revealed that the myeloid response to ICH within the hematoma is distinct from that in the blood and occurs in stages conserved across the patient cohort. Initially, hematoma myeloid cells expressed a robust anabolic proinflammatory profile characterized by activation of hypoxia-inducible factors (HIFs) and expression of genes encoding immune factors and glycolysis. Subsequently, inflammatory gene expression decreased over time, whereas anti-inflammatory circuits were maintained and phagocytic and antioxidative pathways up-regulated. During this transition to immune resolution, glycolysis gene expression and levels of the potent proresolution lipid mediator prostaglandin E2 remained elevated in the hematoma, and unexpectedly, these elevations correlated with positive patient outcomes. Ex vivo activation of human macrophages by ICH-associated stimuli highlighted an important role for HIFs in production of both inflammatory and anti-inflammatory factors, including PGE2, which, in turn, augmented VEGF production. Our findings define the time course of myeloid activation in the human brain after ICH, revealing a conserved progression of immune responses from proinflammatory to proresolution states in humans after brain injury and identifying transcriptional programs associated with neurological recovery.

13.
Stroke ; 52(5): 1733-1740, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33682454

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: IL-6 (interleukin 6) is a proinflammatory cytokine and an established biomarker in acute brain injury. We sought to determine whether admission IL-6 levels are associated with severity and functional outcome after spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). METHODS: We performed an exploratory analysis of the recombinant activated FAST trial (Factor VII for Acute ICH). Patients with admission serum IL-6 levels were included. Regression analyses were used to assess the associations between IL-6 and 90-day modified Rankin Scale. In secondary analyses, we used linear regression to evaluate the association between IL-6 and baseline ICH and perihematomal edema volumes. RESULTS: Of 841 enrolled patients, we included 552 (66%) with available admission IL-6 levels (mean age 64 [SD 13], female sex 203 [37%]). IL-6 was associated with poor outcome (modified Rankin Scale, 4-6; per additional 1 ng/L, odds ratio, 1.30 [95% CI, 1.04-1.63]; P=0.02) after adjustment for known predictors of outcome after ICH and treatment group. IL-6 was associated with ICH volume after adjustment for age, sex, and ICH location, and this association was modified by location (multivariable interaction, P=0.002), with a stronger association seen in lobar (ß, 12.51 [95% CI, 6.47-18.55], P<0.001) versus nonlobar (ß 5.32 [95% CI, 3.36-7.28], P<0.001) location. IL-6 was associated with perihematomal edema volume after adjustment for age, sex, ICH volume, and ICH location (ß 1.22 [95% CI, 0.15-2.29], P=0.03). Treatment group was not associated with IL-6 levels or outcome. CONCLUSIONS: In the FAST trial population, higher admission IL-6 levels were associated with worse 90-day functional outcome and larger ICH and perihematomal edema volumes.

14.
JCI Insight ; 6(6)2021 03 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33749664

RESUMO

Intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) is a devastating form of stroke with a high mortality rate and few treatment options. Discovery of therapeutic interventions has been slow given the challenges associated with studying acute injury in the human brain. Inflammation induced by exposure of brain tissue to blood appears to be a major part of brain tissue injury. Here, we longitudinally profiled blood and cerebral hematoma effluent from a patient enrolled in the Minimally Invasive Surgery with Thrombolysis in Intracerebral Hemorrhage Evacuation trial, offering a rare window into the local and systemic immune responses to acute brain injury. Using single-cell RNA-Seq (scRNA-Seq), this is the first report to our knowledge that characterized the local cellular response during ICH in the brain of a living patient at single-cell resolution. Our analysis revealed shifts in the activation states of myeloid and T cells in the brain over time, suggesting that leukocyte responses are dynamically reshaped by the hematoma microenvironment. Interestingly, the patient had an asymptomatic rebleed that our transcriptional data indicated occurred prior to detection by CT scan. This case highlights the rapid immune dynamics in the brain after ICH and suggests that sensitive methods such as scRNA-Seq would enable greater understanding of complex intracerebral events.

15.
Crit Care Med ; 49(5): 828-837, 2021 05 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33591003

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To test the hypothesis that admission hemoglobin levels are associated with outcome in primary, nontraumatic intracerebral hemorrhage. DESIGN: Individual patient data meta-analysis of three studies of intracerebral hemorrhage. SETTING: Two randomized clinical trials and one multiethnic observational study. PATIENTS: Patients with spontaneous, nontraumatic intracerebral hemorrhage. INTERVENTIONS: None. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Our exposure of interest was admission hemoglobin levels and the primary outcome was 3-month postintracerebral hemorrhage-dichotomized modified Rankin Scale (0-3 vs 4-6). Intermediate outcomes were admission hematoma volume and hematoma expansion defined as 6 mL or 33% increase in hemorrhage size on repeat CT. A total of 4,172 intracerebral hemorrhage patients were included in the study (mean age 63 [sd = 14]; female sex 1,668 [40%]). Each additional g/dL of admission hemoglobin was associated with 14% (odds ratio, 0.86; 95% CI, 0.82-0.91) and 7% (odds ratio, 0.93; 95% CI, 0.88-0.98) reductions in the risk of poor outcome in unadjusted and adjusted analyses, respectively. Dose-response analyses indicated a linear relationship between admission hemoglobin levels and poor outcome across the entire evaluated range (test-for-trend p < 0.001). No consistent associations were found between the admission hemoglobin levels and hematoma volume or hematoma expansion. CONCLUSIONS: Higher hemoglobin levels are associated with better outcome in intracerebral hemorrhage. Further research is needed to evaluate admission hemoglobin levels as both a therapeutic target and predictor of outcome.


Assuntos
Hemorragia Cerebral/metabolismo , Hemorragia Cerebral/fisiopatologia , Hemoglobinas/metabolismo , Idoso , Hemorragia Cerebral/diagnóstico por imagem , Feminino , Sistema de Condução Cardíaco/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Observacionais como Assunto , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Fatores de Tempo
16.
Stroke ; 52(2): 563-572, 2021 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33430638

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The magnitude and drivers of excess cerebrovascular-specific mortality during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic are unknown. We aim to quantify excess stroke-related deaths and characterize its association with social distancing behavior and COVID-19-related vascular pathology. METHODS: United States and state-level excess cerebrovascular deaths from January to May 2020 were quantified using National Center for Health Statistic data and Poisson regression models. Excess cerebrovascular deaths were analyzed as a function of time-varying stroke-related emergency medical service (EMS) calls and cumulative COVID-19 deaths using linear regression. A state-level regression analysis was performed to determine the association between excess cerebrovascular deaths and time spent in residences, measured by Google Community Mobility Reports, during the height of the pandemic after the first COVID-19 death (February 29). RESULTS: Forty states and New York City were included. Excess cerebrovascular mortality occurred nationally from the weeks ending March 28 to May 2, 2020, up to a 7.8% increase above expected levels during the week of April 18. Decreased stroke-related EMS calls were associated with excess stroke deaths one (70 deaths per 1000 fewer EMS calls [95% CI, 20-118]) and 2 weeks (85 deaths per 1000 fewer EMS calls [95% CI, 37-133]) later. Twenty-three states and New York City experienced excess cerebrovascular mortality during the pandemic height. A 10% increase in time spent at home was associated with a 4.3% increase in stroke deaths (incidence rate ratio, 1.043 [95% CI, 1.001-1.085]) after adjusting for COVID-19 deaths. CONCLUSIONS: Excess US cerebrovascular deaths during the COVID-19 pandemic were observed and associated with decreases in stroke-related EMS calls nationally and mobility at the state level. Public health measures are needed to identify and counter the reticence to seeking medical care for acute stroke during the COVID-19 pandemic.


Assuntos
COVID-19/epidemiologia , SARS-CoV-2/patogenicidade , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/mortalidade , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/virologia , Serviços Médicos de Emergência/estatística & dados numéricos , Hospitalização/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Estados Unidos
17.
Sci Transl Med ; 12(569)2020 11 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33177179

RESUMO

Given the heterogeneity of stroke brain injury, there is a clear need for a biomarker that determines the degree of neuroaxonal injury across stroke types. We evaluated whether blood neurofilament light (NFL) would fulfill this purpose for patients with acute cerebral infarction (ACI; N = 227), aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH; N = 58), or nontraumatic intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH; N = 29). We additionally validated our findings in two independent cohorts of patients with ICH (N = 96 and N = 54) given the scarcity of blood biomarker studies for this deadliest stroke type. Compared to healthy individuals (N = 79 and N = 48 for the discovery and validation cohorts, respectively), NFL was higher for all stroke types. NFL associated with radiographic markers of brain tissue damage. It correlated with the extent of early ischemic injury in patients with ACI, hemorrhage severity in patients with aSAH, and intracranial hemorrhage volume in patients with ICH. In all patients, NFL independently correlated with scores from the NIH Stroke Scale, the modified Rankin Scale, and the Mini-Mental State Examination at blood draw, which respectively assess neurological, functional, and cognitive status. Furthermore, higher NFL concentrations independently associated with 3- or 6-month functional disability and higher all-cause mortality. These data support NFL as a uniform method to estimate neuroaxonal injury and forecast mortality regardless of stroke mechanism. As a prognostic biomarker, blood NFL has the potential to assist with planning supportive and rehabilitation services and improving clinical trial efficiency for stroke therapeutics and devices.


Assuntos
Isquemia Encefálica , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Biomarcadores , Humanos , Filamentos Intermediários , Proteínas de Neurofilamentos
18.
Neurology ; 95(20): e2736-e2745, 2020 11 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32917797

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To determine the leading causes of death in intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) survivors, we used administrative data from 3 large US states to identify adult survivors of a first-time spontaneous ICH and track all hospital readmissions resulting in death. METHODS: We performed a longitudinal analysis of prospectively collected claims data from hospitalizations in California (2005-2011), New York (2005-2014), and Florida (2005-2014). Adult residents admitted with a nontraumatic ICH who survived to discharge were included. Patients were followed for a primary outcome of any readmission resulting in death. The cause of death was defined as the primary diagnosis assigned at discharge. Multivariable Cox proportional hazards and multinomial logistic regression were used to determine factors associated with the risk for and cause of death. RESULTS: Of 72,432 ICH survivors (mean age 68 years [SD 16], 48% female), 12,753 (18%) died during a median follow-up period of 4.0 years (interquartile range 2.3-6.3). The leading causes of death were infection (34%), recurrent intracranial hemorrhage (14%), cardiac disease (8%), respiratory failure (8%), and ischemic stroke (5%). Death in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) was more likely to be caused by ischemic stroke (odds ratio [OR] 2.4, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.9-2.9, p < 0.001) and less likely to be caused by recurrent intracranial hemorrhage (OR 0.7, 95% CI 0.6-0.8, p < 0.001) compared to patients without AF. CONCLUSIONS: Infection is the leading cause of death in all ICH survivors. Survivors with AF were at increased risk for death from ischemic stroke. These findings will help prioritize interventions aimed to improve long-term survival and recovery in ICH survivors.


Assuntos
Causas de Morte , Hemorragia Cerebral/epidemiologia , Infecções/mortalidade , Sobreviventes/estatística & dados numéricos , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , California/epidemiologia , Florida/epidemiologia , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , New York/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos
19.
Stroke ; 51(9): 2664-2673, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32755347

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Anecdotal reports suggest fewer patients with stroke symptoms are presenting to hospitals during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. We quantify trends in stroke code calls and treatments at 3 Connecticut hospitals during the local emergence of COVID-19 and examine patient characteristics and stroke process measures at a Comprehensive Stroke Center (CSC) before and during the pandemic. METHODS: Stroke code activity was analyzed from January 1 to April 28, 2020, and corresponding dates in 2019. Piecewise linear regression and spline models identified when stroke codes in 2020 began to decline and when they fell below 2019 levels. Patient-level data were analyzed in February versus March and April 2020 at the CSC to identify differences in patient characteristics during the pandemic. RESULTS: A total of 822 stroke codes were activated at 3 hospitals from January 1 to April 28, 2020. The number of stroke codes/wk decreased by 12.8/wk from February 18 to March 16 (P=0.0360) with nadir of 39.6% of expected stroke codes called from March 10 to 16 (30% decrease in total stroke codes during the pandemic weeks in 2020 versus 2019). There was no commensurate increase in within-network telestroke utilization. Compared with before the pandemic (n=167), pandemic-epoch stroke code patients at the CSC (n=211) were more likely to have histories of hypertension, dyslipidemia, coronary artery disease, and substance abuse; no or public health insurance; lower median household income; and to live in the CSC city (P<0.05). There was no difference in age, sex, race/ethnicity, stroke severity, time to presentation, door-to-needle/door-to-reperfusion times, or discharge modified Rankin Scale. CONCLUSIONS: Hospital presentation for stroke-like symptoms decreased during the COVID-19 pandemic, without differences in stroke severity or early outcomes. Individuals living outside of the CSC city were less likely to present for stroke codes at the CSC during the pandemic. Public health initiatives to increase awareness of presenting for non-COVID-19 medical emergencies such as stroke during the pandemic are critical.


Assuntos
Isquemia Encefálica/epidemiologia , Hemorragias Intracranianas/epidemiologia , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/epidemiologia , Tempo para o Tratamento/estatística & dados numéricos , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Betacoronavirus , Isquemia Encefálica/diagnóstico , Isquemia Encefálica/fisiopatologia , Isquemia Encefálica/terapia , COVID-19 , Estudos de Coortes , Comorbidade , Connecticut/epidemiologia , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Dislipidemias/epidemiologia , Serviços Médicos de Emergência , Grupos Étnicos , Feminino , Humanos , Hipertensão/epidemiologia , Renda , Seguro Saúde , Hemorragias Intracranianas/diagnóstico , Hemorragias Intracranianas/fisiopatologia , Hemorragias Intracranianas/terapia , Masculino , Pessoas sem Cobertura de Seguro de Saúde , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Avaliação de Processos e Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , SARS-CoV-2 , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/diagnóstico , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/fisiopatologia , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/terapia , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias/epidemiologia , Telemedicina , Trombectomia , Terapia Trombolítica
20.
Stroke ; 51(9): e193-e202, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32781941

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: We aim to examine effects of collateral status and post-thrombectomy reperfusion on final infarct distribution and early functional outcome in patients with anterior circulation large vessel occlusion ischemic stroke. METHODS: Patients with large vessel occlusion who underwent endovascular intervention were included in this study. All patients had baseline computed tomography angiography and follow-up magnetic resonance imaging. Collateral status was graded according to the criteria proposed by Miteff et al and reperfusion was assessed using the modified Thrombolysis in Cerebral Infarction (mTICI) system. We applied a multivariate voxel-wise general linear model to correlate the distribution of final infarction with collateral status and degree of reperfusion. Early favorable outcome was defined as a discharge modified Rankin Scale score ≤2. RESULTS: Of the 283 patients included, 129 (46%) had good, 97 (34%) had moderate, and 57 (20%) had poor collateral status. Successful reperfusion (mTICI 2b/3) was achieved in 206 (73%) patients. Poor collateral status was associated with infarction of middle cerebral artery border zones, whereas worse reperfusion (mTICI scores 0-2a) was associated with infarction of middle cerebral artery territory deep white matter tracts and the posterior limb of the internal capsule. In multivariate regression models, both mTICI (P<0.001) and collateral status (P<0.001) were among independent predictors of final infarct volumes. However, mTICI (P<0.001), but not collateral status (P=0.058), predicted favorable outcome at discharge. CONCLUSIONS: In this cohort of patients with large vessel occlusion stroke, both the collateral status and endovascular reperfusion were strongly associated with middle cerebral artery territory final infarct volumes. Our findings suggesting that baseline collateral status predominantly affected middle cerebral artery border zones infarction, whereas higher mTICI preserved deep white matter and internal capsule from infarction; may explain why reperfusion success-but not collateral status-was among the independent predictors of favorable outcome at discharge. Infarction of the lentiform nuclei was observed regardless of collateral status or reperfusion success.


Assuntos
Arteriopatias Oclusivas/patologia , Arteriopatias Oclusivas/terapia , Infarto Cerebral/patologia , Infarto Cerebral/terapia , Circulação Colateral , Procedimentos Endovasculares/métodos , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estudos de Coortes , Angiografia por Tomografia Computadorizada , Feminino , Humanos , Infarto da Artéria Cerebral Média/patologia , Infarto da Artéria Cerebral Média/terapia , Modelos Lineares , Angiografia por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Reperfusão , Estudos Retrospectivos , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/terapia , Trombectomia , Resultado do Tratamento , Substância Branca/patologia
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...