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1.
Haemophilia ; 2021 Feb 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33620134

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The Haemophilia Early Arthropathy Detection with Ultrasound (HEAD-US) system and scoring scale has proven to be an accurate and time-efficient imaging method for identifying joint damage in patients with haemophilia. AIM: Observational, multicentre, cross-sectional study conducted in 8 centres in Spain that assessed the joint status of adult patients with severe haemophilia A (SHA) using HEAD-US. METHODS: Joint status of the elbow, knee and ankle was evaluated in adults with SHA receiving on-demand (OD) treatment, or primary (PP), secondary (SP), tertiary (TP) or intermittent (IP) prophylaxis. RESULTS: Of the 95 patients enrolled, 87 received prophylaxis (6.3% PP, 38.9% SP, 43.2% TP and 3.2% IP). Mean age was 35.2 years, and 59% of patients had not undergone image testing in the last year. The HEAD-US score was 0 in all joints in 6.3% of patients. The ankle was the most affected joint, regardless of treatment regimen. Patients receiving OD treatment, TP or IP had the overall worst scores, mainly in the ankles and elbows; a similar but milder profile was observed in patients on SP; and patients on PP had the best score in all joints. CONCLUSION: Joint function may be effectively preserved in patients with SHA on PP, but OD treatment or later initiation of prophylaxis does not seem to prevent progression of arthropathy. Disease worsening was observed in patients OD, TP or IP, most often affecting ankles and elbows. Closer ultrasound imaging monitoring may improve management of these patients.

2.
Blood Adv ; 4(24): 6250-6258, 2020 Dec 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33351120

RESUMO

Anticoagulant treatment of pediatric cerebral venous thrombosis has not been evaluated in randomized trials. We evaluated the safety and efficacy of rivaroxaban and standard anticoagulants in the predefined subgroup of children with cerebral venous thrombosis (CVT) who participated in the EINSTEIN-Jr trial. Children with CVT were randomized (2:1), after initial heparinization, to treatment with rivaroxaban or standard anticoagulants (continued on heparin or switched to vitamin K antagonist). The main treatment period was 3 months. The primary efficacy outcome, symptomatic recurrent venous thromboembolism (VTE), and principal safety outcome, major or clinically relevant nonmajor bleeding,were centrally evaluated by blinded investigators. Sinus recanalization on repeat brain imaging was a secondary outcome. Statistical analyses were exploratory. In total, 114 children with confirmed CVT were randomized. All children completed the follow-up. None of the 73 rivaroxaban recipients and 1 (2.4%; CVT) of the 41 standard anticoagulant recipients had symptomatic, recurrent VTE after 3 months (absolute difference, 2.4%; 95% confidence interval [CI], -2.6% to 13.5%). Clinically relevant bleeding occurred in 5 (6.8%; all nonmajor and noncerebral) rivaroxaban recipients and in 1 (2.5%; major [subdural] bleeding) standard anticoagulant recipient (absolute difference, 4.4%; 95% CI, -6.7% to 13.4%). Complete or partial sinus recanalization occurred in 18 (25%) and 39 (53%) rivaroxaban recipients and in 6 (15%) and 24 (59%) standard anticoagulant recipients, respectively. In summary, in this substudy of a randomized trial with a limited sample size, children with CVT treated with rivaroxaban or standard anticoagulation had a low risk of recurrent VTE and clinically relevant bleeding. This trial was registered at clinicaltrials.gov as #NCT02234843.

3.
Blood Coagul Fibrinolysis ; 31(1S): S25-S27, 2020 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33351500

RESUMO

The association between coagulopathies, more specifically thrombophilia, and the development of gestational vascular complications was established in the 1990s. Ever since, huge efforts have been invested into gaining a better understanding of the role played by clotting factors, both prothrombotic and hemorrhagic, in those complications, not least because hypertensive disorders and venous thromboembolism are among the most common causes of maternal mortality in the Western world.

4.
Haemophilia ; 2020 Oct 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33084135

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: HaemoassistTM 2 is an electronic system designed for people with bleeding disorders and their physicians to record prophylactic infusions and treatment of bleeds. It aims to improve adherence by permitting reminders and accuracy of documentation by facilitating real-time reporting. AIM: To assess documentation quality and adherence to prophylactic regimens in patients with haemophilia A, haemophilia B or von Willebrand disease who are using HaemoassistTM 2. METHODS: Ten centres enrolled consecutive patients, who had been using HaemoassistTM 2 for ≥ 3 months (Cohort 1, 'quality of documentation'). Of these, patients who had a specified prophylactic regimen in HaemoassistTM 2 for ≥ 3 months were eligible for inclusion in Cohort 2 ('adherence to prophylaxis'). RESULTS: Cohort 1 comprised 796 patients (71% with severe haemophilia A; median 20.5 months of HaemoassistTM 2 use). The most common method of documentation for patients was using the mobile app; the median time between infusion and documentation was 4 hours using the app, compared with 85 hours using a web portal on a stationery device. The median total annualised number of infusions was consistent in the first and last 3 months of documentation (128; IQR: 70-184 and 120; IQR 64-176, respectively). Cohort 2 comprised 202 patients (79% severe haemophilia A; median of 13 months on prophylactic regimen in HaemoassistTM 2). The rate of adherence to prophylaxis was 83%; median deviation between planned and actual infusion time was ± 2 hours. CONCLUSION: HaemoassistTM 2 was used consistently over prolonged periods of time and allowed for precise analysis of adherence to prophylaxis.

5.
Clin Cardiol ; 43(7): 769-780, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32406557

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Guidance for periprocedural anticoagulant management is mainly based on limited data from Phase III or observational studies and expert opinion. HYPOTHESIS: EMIT-AF/VTE was designed to document the risks of bleeding and thromboembolic events in more than 1000 patients on edoxaban undergoing diagnostic and therapeutic procedures in clinical practice. METHODS: Routine care in a multinational multicenter, prospective observational study. Participants were adult patients with atrial fibrillation and/or venous thromboembolism treated with edoxaban for stroke prevention or for secondary prevention in venous thromboembolic disease, undergoing a wide range of diagnostic and therapeutic procedures. Edoxaban therapy was interrupted periprocedurally at the treating physician's discretion. Patients were evaluated from 5 days pre- until 30 days postprocedure. Primary outcome was the incidence of International Society on Thrombosis and Haemostasis defined major bleeding; secondary outcomes included incidence of clinically relevant non-major bleeding, acute coronary syndrome, and acute thromboembolic events. RESULTS: Outcomes and management are reported for the first procedures in 1155 unselected patients. Five cases of major bleeding (0.4%) and eight of clinically relevant non-major bleeding (0.7%) were documented, five (38%) of which occurred outside the period of likely edoxaban effect (last edoxaban dose ≥3 days prior to bleeding). Five (0.4%) deaths from any cause, seven acute thromboembolic events (0.6%) including two cardiac deaths (0.2%) in six patients, and one acute coronary event (0.1%) occurred. CONCLUSIONS: The periprocedural bleeding and acute thromboembolic event risks for patients treated with edoxaban were low. This can help inform both clinical routine and guidelines for the periprocedural management of edoxaban.

7.
Future Cardiol ; 16(5): 469-480, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32228182

RESUMO

Aim: To ascertain the clinical profile and management of edoxaban in clinical practice. Materials & methods: Prospective, noninterventional postauthorization study of nonselected patients with atrial fibrillation treated with edoxaban from 12 European countries. Patients' baseline characteristics are presented. Results: A total of 13,638 patients (73.6 ± 9.5 years; 76.6/23.4% edoxaban 60/30 mg; CHA2DS2-VASc 3.1; 838 [6.1%] from Spain) were included. In Spain, the percentage of very elderly and fragile patients was greater and the risk of thromboembolism (CHA2DS2-VASc ≥2, 98.0 vs 87.3%; p < 0.001) and bleeding (HAS-BLED, 3.2 vs 2.7; p < 0.001) was greater in patients treated with edoxaban 30 mg. The proportion of patients taking edoxaban 30 mg was similar than in ENGAGE AF-TIMI 48. Conclusion: In Spain, patients treated with edoxaban were older and fragile.

8.
J Thromb Haemost ; 18(7): 1672-1685, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32246743

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Recently, the randomized EINSTEIN-Jr study showed similar efficacy and safety for rivaroxaban and standard anticoagulation for treatment of pediatric venous thromboembolism (VTE). The rivaroxaban dosing strategy was established based on phase 1 and 2 data in children and through pharmacokinetic (PK) modeling. METHODS: Rivaroxaban treatment with tablets or the newly developed granules-for-oral suspension formulation was bodyweight-adjusted and administered once-daily, twice-daily, or thrice-daily for children with bodyweights of ≥30, ≥12 to <30, and <12 kg, respectively. Previously, these regimens were confirmed for children weighing ≥20 kg but only predicted in those <20 kg. Based on sparse blood sampling, the daily area under the plasma concentration-time curve [AUC(0-24)ss ] and trough [Ctrough,ss ] and maximum [Cmax,ss ] steady-state plasma concentrations were derived using population PK modeling. Exposure-response graphs were generated to evaluate the potential relationship of individual PK parameters with recurrent VTE, repeat imaging outcomes, and bleeding or adverse events. A taste-and-texture questionnaire was collected for suspension-recipients. RESULTS: Of the 335 children (aged 0-17 years) allocated to rivaroxaban, 316 (94.3%) were evaluable for PK analyses. Rivaroxaban exposures were within the adult exposure range. No clustering was observed for any of the PK parameters with efficacy, bleeding, or adverse event outcomes. Results were similar for the tablet and suspension formulation. Acceptability and palatability of the suspension were favorable. DISCUSSION: Based on this analysis and the recently documented similar efficacy and safety of rivaroxaban compared with standard anticoagulation, we conclude that bodyweight-adjusted pediatric rivaroxaban regimens with either tablets or suspension are validated and provide for appropriate treatment of children with VTE.

9.
Med Clin (Barc) ; 154(10): 398-399, 2020 05 22.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32107043
10.
Rev. esp. cardiol. Supl. (Ed. impresa) ; 20(supl.A): 3-10, ene. 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-197026

RESUMO

La fibrilación auricular es muy frecuente en el paciente anciano. Aunque existe una amplia experiencia con los antagonistas de la vitamina K, el empleo de estos fármacos en el paciente anciano presenta numerosas limitaciones, con una mayor susceptibilidad a las hemorragias y un peor control de la anticoagulación que en la población general. Los anticoagulantes orales de acción directa han demostrado ser una mejor alternativa terapéutica para los pacientes ancianos, no solo por su mayor simplicidad de uso, sino por sus mayores eficacia y seguridad en comparación con los antagonistas de la vitamina K, con datos que en general concuerdan con los ensayos clínicos fundamentales. Sin embargo, en el paciente anciano hay una tendencia al uso de dosis inadecuadas, generalmente por infradosificación, sobre todo con algunos de ellos, lo que conlleva una menor protección contra los ictus, sin una clara ventaja antihemorrágica. El rivaroxabán se ha estudiado ampliamente en la población anciana y no solo en ensayos clínicos, sino también en multitud de estudios en la práctica clínica real, con datos muy consistentes. En estos estudios, en comparación con los antagonistas de la vitamina K, se ha demostrado que el rivaroxabán reduce el riesgo de ictus sin un incremento de las hemorragias mortales, con lo que tiene un beneficio clínico neto favorable en la población con fibrilación auricular no valvular con mayor riesgo tromboembólico


Atrial fibrillation is common in elderly patients. Although vitamin K antagonists have been widely used for many years, they have a number of limitations in elderly patients, who are particularly susceptible to bleeding and in whom anticoagulation control is poorer than in the general population. Direct oral anticoagulants have been shown to be a better therapeutic option for these patients, not only because they are simpler to use, but also because they are more effective and safer than vitamin K antagonists. Moreover, their performance in practice is generally consistent with that in pivotal clinical trials. Nevertheless, there is a tendency to administer inappropriate doses to elderly patients, generally underdosing, particularly in certain subgroups. This can result in less protection against stroke without any clear reduction in bleeding risk. Rivaroxaban has been widely studied in the elderly population, not only in clinical trials, but also in a range of studies in routine clinical practice - findings have been highly consistent. According to these studies, and compared to vitamin K antagonists, rivaroxaban reduces the risk of stroke without increasing the rate of fatal bleeding, with a net clinical benefit in patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation and a high thromboembolic risk


Assuntos
Humanos , Múltiplas Afecções Crônicas/tratamento farmacológico , Anticoagulantes/administração & dosagem , Rivaroxabana/administração & dosagem , Fibrilação Atrial/tratamento farmacológico , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/prevenção & controle , Fragilidade/complicações , Fragilidade/tratamento farmacológico , Polimedicação , Envelhecimento/efeitos dos fármacos , Efeito Idade , Vitamina K/antagonistas & inibidores , Antifibrinolíticos/administração & dosagem , Varfarina/administração & dosagem
11.
Lancet Haematol ; 7(1): e18-e27, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31699660

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Treatment of venous thromboembolism in children is based on data obtained in adults with little direct documentation of its efficacy and safety in children. The aim of our study was to compare the efficacy and safety of rivaroxaban versus standard anticoagulants in children with venous thromboembolism. METHODS: In a multicentre, parallel-group, open-label, randomised study, children (aged 0-17 years) attending 107 paediatric hospitals in 28 countries with documented acute venous thromboembolism who had started heparinisation were assigned (2:1) to bodyweight-adjusted rivaroxaban (tablets or suspension) in a 20-mg equivalent dose or standard anticoagulants (heparin or switched to vitamin K antagonist). Randomisation was stratified by age and venous thromboembolism site. The main treatment period was 3 months (1 month in children <2 years of age with catheter-related venous thromboembolism). The primary efficacy outcome, symptomatic recurrent venous thromboembolism (assessed by intention-to-treat), and the principal safety outcome, major or clinically relevant non-major bleeding (assessed in participants who received ≥1 dose), were centrally assessed by investigators who were unaware of treatment assignment. Repeat imaging was obtained at the end of the main treatment period and compared with baseline imaging tests. This trial is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, number NCT02234843 and has been completed. FINDINGS: From Nov 14, 2014, to Sept 28, 2018, 500 (96%) of the 520 children screened for eligibility were enrolled. After a median follow-up of 91 days (IQR 87-95) in children who had a study treatment period of 3 months (n=463) and 31 days (IQR 29-35) in children who had a study treatment period of 1 month (n=37), symptomatic recurrent venous thromboembolism occurred in four (1%) of 335 children receiving rivaroxaban and five (3%) of 165 receiving standard anticoagulants (hazard ratio [HR] 0·40, 95% CI 0·11-1·41). Repeat imaging showed an improved effect of rivaroxaban on thrombotic burden as compared with standard anticoagulants (p=0·012). Major or clinically relevant non-major bleeding in participants who received ≥1 dose occurred in ten (3%) of 329 children (all non-major) receiving rivaroxaban and in three (2%) of 162 children (two major and one non-major) receiving standard anticoagulants (HR 1·58, 95% CI 0·51-6·27). Absolute and relative efficacy and safety estimates of rivaroxaban versus standard anticoagulation estimates were similar to those in rivaroxaban studies in adults. There were no treatment-related deaths. INTERPRETATION: In children with acute venous thromboembolism, treatment with rivaroxaban resulted in a similarly low recurrence risk and reduced thrombotic burden without increased bleeding, as compared with standard anticoagulants. FUNDING: Bayer AG and Janssen Research & Development.


Assuntos
Anticoagulantes/uso terapêutico , Rivaroxabana/uso terapêutico , Tromboembolia Venosa/tratamento farmacológico , Adolescente , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Fatores de Risco
12.
Lancet Haematol ; 6(10): e500-e509, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31420317

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Rivaroxaban has been shown to be efficacious for treatment of venous thromboembolism in adults, and has a reduced risk of bleeding compared with standard anticoagulants. We aimed to develop paediatric rivaroxaban regimens for the treatment of venous thromboembolism in children and adolescents. METHODS: In this phase 2 programme, we did three studies to evaluate rivaroxaban treatment in children younger than 6 months, aged 6 months to 5 years, and aged 6-17 years. Our studies used a multicentre, single-arm design at 54 sites in Australia, Europe, Israel, Japan, and north America. We included children with objectively confirmed venous thromboembolism previously treated with low-molecular weight heparin, fondaparinux, or a vitamin K antagonist for at least 2 months or, in children who had catheter-related venous thromboembolism for at least 6 weeks. We administered rivaroxaban orally in a bodyweight-adjusted 20 mg-equivalent dose, based on physiologically-based pharmacokinetic modelling predictions and EINSTEIN-Jr phase 1 data in young adults, in either a once-daily (tablets; for those aged 6-17 years), twice-daily (in suspension; for those aged 6 months to 11 years), or three times-daily (in suspension; for those younger than 6 months) dosing regimen for 30 days (or 7 days for those younger than 6 months). The primary aim was to define rivaroxaban treatment regimens that match the target adult exposure range. The principal safety outcome was major bleeding and clinically relevant non-major bleeding. Analyses were per-protocol. The predefined efficacy outcomes were symptomatic recurrent venous thromboembolism, asymptomatic deterioration on repeat imaging at the end of the study treatment period. These trials are registered at ClinicalTrials.gov, numbers NCT02564718, NCT02309411, and NCT02234843. FINDINGS: Between Feb 11, 2013, and Dec 20, 2017, we enrolled 93 children (ten children younger than 6 months; 15 children aged 6 months to 1 year; 25 children aged 2-5 years; 32 children aged 6-11 years; and 11 children aged 12-17 years) into our study. 89 (96%) children completed study treatment (30 days of treatment, or 7 days in those younger than 6 months), and 93 (100%) children received at least one dose of study treatment and were evaluable for the primary endpoints. None of the children had a major bleed, and four (4%, 95% CI 1·2-10·6) of these children had a clinically relevant non-major bleed (three children aged 12-17 years with menorrhagia and one child aged 6-11 years with gingival bleeding). We found no symptomatic recurrent venous thromboembolism in any patients (0%, 0·0-3·9). 24 (32%) of 75 patients with repeat imaging had their thrombotic burden resolved, 43 (57%) patients improved, and eight (11%) patients were unchanged. No patient deteriorated. We confirmed therapeutic rivaroxaban exposures with once-daily dosing in children with bodyweights of at least 30 kg and with twice-daily dosing in children with bodyweights of at least 20 kg and less than 30 kg. Children with low bodyweights (<20 kg, particularly <12 kg) showed low exposures so, for future studies, rivaroxaban dosages were revised for these weight categories, to match the target adult exposure range. 61 (66%) of 93 children had adverse events during the study. Pyrexia was the most common adverse event (ten [11%] events), and anaemia and neutropenia or febrile neutropenia were the most frequent grade 3 or worse events (four [4%] events each). No children died or were discontinued from rivaroxaban because of adverse events. INTERPRETATION: Treatment with bodyweight-adjusted rivaroxaban appears to be safe in children. The treatment regimens that we confirmed in children with bodyweights of at least 20 kg and the revised treatment regimens that we predicted in those with bodyweights less than 20 kg will be evaluated in the EINSTEIN-Jr phase 3 trial in children with acute venous thromboembolism. FUNDING: Bayer AG, Janssen Research and Development.


Assuntos
Anticoagulantes/uso terapêutico , Rivaroxabana/uso terapêutico , Tromboembolia Venosa/tratamento farmacológico , Adolescente , Anemia/etiologia , Anticoagulantes/efeitos adversos , Anticoagulantes/farmacocinética , Peso Corporal , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Esquema de Medicação , Cálculos da Dosagem de Medicamento , Fator Xa/análise , Feminino , Meia-Vida , Hemorragia/etiologia , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Neutropenia/etiologia , Tempo de Protrombina , Rivaroxabana/efeitos adversos , Rivaroxabana/farmacocinética , Resultado do Tratamento , Tromboembolia Venosa/patologia
13.
Blood Coagul Fibrinolysis ; 30(5): 239-242, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31157683

RESUMO

: Acquired von Willebrand syndrome (AVWS) is a rare hemorrhagic condition that poses both a diagnostic and a therapeutic challenge. Here we report a singular case of AVWS with two associated conditions, small lymphocytic lymphoma (SLL) and Sjögren's syndrome. The patient presented with recurrent and severe digestive bleeding that forced us to raise a curative attempt of AVWS. A first immunosuppressive therapy with immunoglobulins was unsuccessful and it was later decided to treat lymphoproliferative entity with bendamustine and rituximab effectively achieving SLL and AVWS remission. On the basis of our case and through literature review, we discuss potential strategies to achieve AVWS remission when it appears in the setting of several causative associated conditions.


Assuntos
Leucemia Linfocítica Crônica de Células B/complicações , Síndrome de Sjogren/complicações , Doenças de von Willebrand/complicações , Idoso , Antineoplásicos Alquilantes/uso terapêutico , Antineoplásicos Imunológicos/uso terapêutico , Cloridrato de Bendamustina/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Hemorragia/etiologia , Hemorragia/terapia , Humanos , Imunoglobulinas/uso terapêutico , Leucemia Linfocítica Crônica de Células B/terapia , Rituximab/uso terapêutico , Síndrome de Sjogren/terapia , Doenças de von Willebrand/terapia
14.
J Comp Eff Res ; 8(3): 165-178, 2019 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30654626

RESUMO

AIM: To analyze the effectiveness and safety of direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs) in atrial fibrillation (AF) patients attended in clinical practice. METHODS: Observational and prospective study of AF patients that started treatment with DOACs. RESULTS: 1443 patients (age 77.2 ± 9.7 years, CHA2DS2-VASc = 4.1 ± 1.5) were included. 46.0% were taking rivaroxaban, 24.4% dabigatran, 22.5% apixaban and 7.1% edoxaban. Patients taking dabigatran were younger, had lower CHA2DS2-VASc and lesser renal insufficiency. Patients taking apixaban had higher CHA2DS2-VASc and more renal insufficiency. Rates of stroke/major bleeding/intracranial bleeding were 0.7/1.3/0.2 events/100 patient-years, respectively. CONCLUSION: This was the first prospective study that analyzed the use of all DOACs in AF patients in Spain, showing a good profile in terms of safety and effectiveness in accordance with pivotal studies.


Assuntos
Anticoagulantes/uso terapêutico , Fibrilação Atrial/tratamento farmacológico , Dabigatrana/uso terapêutico , Pirazóis/uso terapêutico , Piridinas/uso terapêutico , Piridonas/uso terapêutico , Rivaroxabana/uso terapêutico , Tiazóis/uso terapêutico , Administração Oral , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Anticoagulantes/administração & dosagem , Anticoagulantes/efeitos adversos , Dabigatrana/administração & dosagem , Dabigatrana/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Hemorragia/induzido quimicamente , Humanos , Masculino , Estudos Prospectivos , Pirazóis/administração & dosagem , Pirazóis/efeitos adversos , Piridinas/administração & dosagem , Piridinas/efeitos adversos , Piridonas/administração & dosagem , Piridonas/efeitos adversos , Rivaroxabana/administração & dosagem , Rivaroxabana/efeitos adversos , Espanha , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/induzido quimicamente , Tiazóis/administração & dosagem , Tiazóis/efeitos adversos , Resultado do Tratamento
15.
Thromb J ; 16: 29, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30410424

RESUMO

Background: Venous thromboembolism (VTE) in young children is not well documented. Methods: Clinicians from 12 institutions retrospectively evaluated the presentation, therapeutic management, and outcome of VTE in children younger than 2 years seen in 2011-2016. Feasibility of recruiting these children in EINSTEIN-Jr. phase III, a randomized trial evaluating rivaroxaban versus standard anticoagulation for VTE, was assessed. Results: We identified 346 children with VTE, of whom 227 (65.6%) had central venous catheter-related thrombosis (CVC-VTE), 119 (34.4%) had non-CVC-VTE, and 156 (45.1%) were younger than 1 month. Of the 309 children who received anticoagulant therapy, 86 (27.8%) had a short duration of therapy (i.e. < 6 weeks for CVC-VTE and < 3 months for non-CVC-VTE) and 17 (5.5%) had recurrent VTE during anticoagulation (n = 8, 2.6%) or shortly after its discontinuation (n = 9, 2.9%). A total of 37 (10.7%) children did not receive anticoagulant therapy and 4 (10.5%) had recurrent VTE.The average number of children aged < 0.5 years and 0.5-2 years who would have been considered for enrolment in EINSTEIN-Jr is approximately 1.0 and 0.9 per year per site, respectively. Conclusions: Young children with VTE most commonly have CVC-VTE and approximately one-tenth and one-fourth received no or only short durations of anticoagulant therapy, respectively. Recurrent VTE rates without anticoagulation, during anticoagulation or shortly after its discontinuation seem comparable to those observed in adults. Short and flexible treatment durations could potentially increase recruitment in EINSTEIN-Jr. phase III.

16.
Med. clín (Ed. impr.) ; 151(5): 210.e1-210.e13, sept. 2018. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-173886

RESUMO

Antecedentes y objetivos: En los últimos años los anticoagulantes orales directos (ACOD) se han convertido en una alternativa a los antagonistas de la vitamina K (AVK) para la prevención del ictus y embolia sistémica en pacientes con fibrilación auricular no valvular (FANV), así como para la prevención y tratamiento de la trombosis venosa profunda. Los ensayos clínicos han demostrado la no inferioridad y la potencial superioridad en comparación con la warfarina, lo cual permite ampliar las opciones de anticoagulación. En nuestro medio, las Unidades de Tratamiento Anticoagulante (UTA) y los Centros de Atención Primaria (CAP) son los encargados de la educación, seguimiento, control de adherencia y del manejo en situaciones especiales de los pacientes anticoagulados. Estas consideraciones han motivado la preparación del presente documento de consenso, que tiene como objetivo establecer recomendaciones que incorporen los hallazgos de la investigación científica a la práctica clínica para mejorar la calidad asistencial en el ámbito de la anticoagulación. Material y métodos: Un grupo de expertos del Grupo Catalán de Trombosis (TROMBOC@T) ha revisado la bibliografía publicada entre 2007 y 2016 para poder establecer recomendaciones basadas en la evidencia clínica. Resultados: Como resultado del proyecto se han establecido un conjunto de recomendaciones de carácter práctico que facilitarán el tratamiento, educación, seguimiento y manejo en situaciones especiales de los pacientes anticoagulados con ACOD. Conclusiones: El aumento progresivo del uso de los ACOD requiere establecer y homogeneizar las directrices de actuación clínica en el paciente anticoagulado con estos antitrombóticos tanto en las UTA como en los CAP


Background and objectives: In recent years, direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs) have become an alternative to vitamin K antagonists (VKA) for the prevention of stroke and systemic embolism in patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF) as well as for prevention and treatment of deep venous thrombosis. Pivotal trials have demonstrated non-inferiority and potential superiority compared to warfarin, which increases the options of anticoagulant treatment. In our setting, the Anticoagulant Treatment Units (ATUs) and Primary Care Centres (PCCs) play an important role in the education, follow-up, adherence control and management in special situations of anticoagulated patients. These considerations have motivated us to elaborate the present consensus document that aims to establish clear recommendations that incorporate the findings of scientific research into clinical practice to improve the quality of care in the field of anticoagulation. Material and methods: A group of experts from the Catalan Thrombosis Group (TROMBOC@T) reviewed all published literature from 2009 to 2016, in order to provide recommendations based on clinical evidence. Results: As a result of the project, a set of practical recommendations have been established that will facilitate treatment, education, follow-up and management in special situations of anticoagulated patients with ACODs. Conclusions: Progressive increase in the use of DOACs calls for measures to establish and homogenise clinical management guidelines for patients anticoagulated with DOACs in ATUs and PCCs


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Antifibrinolíticos/uso terapêutico , Fibrilação Atrial/tratamento farmacológico , Tromboembolia Venosa/prevenção & controle , Anticoagulantes/uso terapêutico , Administração Oral , Vitamina K/antagonistas & inibidores , Doenças Cardiovasculares , Fibrilação Atrial/complicações , Tromboembolia Venosa/tratamento farmacológico
17.
Clin Cardiol ; 41(9): 1123-1129, 2018 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30069910

RESUMO

Non-vitamin K dependent oral anticoagulants (NOAC) are now widely used in patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF) for stroke prevention and in patients with venous thromboembolism (VTE) for the treatment and secondary prevention of the disease. Among NOAC, edoxaban demonstrated noninferiority to warfarin for stroke prevention in NVAF and for VTE treatment, with superior safety. EMIT-AF/VTE (Edoxaban Management in Diagnostic and Therapeutic Procedures) (NCT02950168) is a multicenter, prospective, and noninterventional registry study designed to collect detailed information on the periprocedural management of patients with NVAF and VTE receiving edoxaban. The primary objective of EMIT-AF/VTE is to document the periprocedural management of patients receiving edoxaban and to collect data on safety and other outcomes in these patients. The primary safety outcome is the rate of major bleeding. Other assessments include the evaluation of efficacy outcomes, periprocedural dosing, and timing of edoxaban. The observation period will start 5 days prior to the procedure and end 30 days post-procedure. EMIT-AF/VTE will aim to prospectively enroll up to approximately 1400 procedures from Europe. Enrollment commenced in December 2016 and will be completed in July 2018. As of July 2018, before database lock and with several procedure forms still temporarily inserted, a preliminary number of 1204 patients have been enrolled, who underwent a total of 1453 procedures. The prospective EMIT-AF/VTE registry program will expand the knowledge of periprocedural management of patients with NVAF and VTE receiving edoxaban in clinical practice.


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial/complicações , Piridinas/administração & dosagem , Prevenção Secundária/métodos , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/prevenção & controle , Tiazóis/administração & dosagem , Administração Oral , Idoso , Fibrilação Atrial/tratamento farmacológico , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Europa (Continente)/epidemiologia , Inibidores do Fator Xa/administração & dosagem , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/epidemiologia , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/etiologia
18.
Thromb Haemost ; 118(8): 1439-1449, 2018 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30060256

RESUMO

In the Hokusai VTE Cancer study, edoxaban was non-inferior to dalteparin for the composite outcome of recurrent venous thromboembolism (VTE) and major bleeding in 1,050 patients with cancer-associated VTE. The absolute rate of recurrent VTE was 3.4% lower with edoxaban, whereas the absolute rate of major bleeding was 2.9% higher. The present analysis focuses on the sites, clinical presentation, course and outcome of bleeding events, and the associated tumour types. Major bleeds and their severity (categories 1-4) were blindly adjudicated by a committee using a priori defined criteria, and data were analysed in the safety population. Major bleeding occurred in 32 of 522 patients given edoxaban (median treatment duration, 211 days) and in 16 of 524 patients treated with dalteparin (median treatment duration, 184 days); no patients had more than one major bleed. There were no fatal bleeds with edoxaban, and two with dalteparin. Severe bleeding at presentation (category 3 or 4) occurred in 10 (1.9%) and 11 (2.1%) patients in the edoxaban and dalteparin groups, respectively. The excess of major bleeding with edoxaban was confined to patients with gastrointestinal cancer. However, severe major bleeding at presentation (category 3 or 4) in this sub-group occurred in 5 of 165 (3.0%) and in 3 of 140 (2.1%) patients given edoxaban or dalteparin, respectively.In conclusion, this analysis suggests that while oral edoxaban is an appropriate alternative to subcutaneous dalteparin for treatment of cancer-associated VTE, the use of edoxaban in patients with gastrointestinal cancer requires careful benefit-risk weighting.


Assuntos
Anticoagulantes/efeitos adversos , Dalteparina/efeitos adversos , Inibidores do Fator Xa/efeitos adversos , Hemorragia/induzido quimicamente , Neoplasias/complicações , Piridinas/efeitos adversos , Tiazóis/efeitos adversos , Tromboembolia Venosa/tratamento farmacológico , Idoso , Anticoagulantes/administração & dosagem , Tomada de Decisão Clínica , Dalteparina/administração & dosagem , Inibidores do Fator Xa/administração & dosagem , Feminino , Hemorragia/diagnóstico , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias/diagnóstico , Seleção de Pacientes , Piridinas/administração & dosagem , Recidiva , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Tiazóis/administração & dosagem , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Tromboembolia Venosa/diagnóstico , Tromboembolia Venosa/etiologia
19.
Med Clin (Barc) ; 151(5): 210.e1-210.e13, 2018 09 14.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29602444

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: In recent years, direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs) have become an alternative to vitamin K antagonists (VKA) for the prevention of stroke and systemic embolism in patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF) as well as for prevention and treatment of deep venous thrombosis. Pivotal trials have demonstrated non-inferiority and potential superiority compared to warfarin, which increases the options of anticoagulant treatment. In our setting, the Anticoagulant Treatment Units (ATUs) and Primary Care Centres (PCCs) play an important role in the education, follow-up, adherence control and management in special situations of anticoagulated patients. These considerations have motivated us to elaborate the present consensus document that aims to establish clear recommendations that incorporate the findings of scientific research into clinical practice to improve the quality of care in the field of anticoagulation. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A group of experts from the Catalan Thrombosis Group (TROMBOC@T) reviewed all published literature from 2009 to 2016, in order to provide recommendations based on clinical evidence. RESULTS: As a result of the project, a set of practical recommendations have been established that will facilitate treatment, education, follow-up and management in special situations of anticoagulated patients with ACODs. CONCLUSIONS: Progressive increase in the use of DOACs calls for measures to establish and homogenise clinical management guidelines for patients anticoagulated with DOACs in ATUs and PCCs.


Assuntos
Antitrombinas/uso terapêutico , Fibrilação Atrial/complicações , Embolia/prevenção & controle , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/prevenção & controle , Administração Oral , Fatores Etários , Anticoagulantes/administração & dosagem , Anticoagulantes/uso terapêutico , Antitrombinas/administração & dosagem , Dabigatrana/administração & dosagem , Dabigatrana/uso terapêutico , Embolia/etiologia , Humanos , Pirazóis/administração & dosagem , Pirazóis/uso terapêutico , Piridinas/administração & dosagem , Piridinas/uso terapêutico , Piridonas/administração & dosagem , Piridonas/uso terapêutico , Rivaroxabana/administração & dosagem , Rivaroxabana/uso terapêutico , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/etiologia , Tiazóis/administração & dosagem , Tiazóis/uso terapêutico , Varfarina/uso terapêutico
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