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1.
Rev. bras. ciênc. vet ; 23(3-4): 126-132, jul./dez. 2016. il.
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-967412

RESUMO

O objetivo deste trabalho foi identificar plantas utilizadas como medicinais e aquelas com potencial tóxico localizadas no bairro Simões Lopes, Padre Réus e Porto em Pelotas-RS. Durante um ano foram entrevistados 111 proprietários de animais atendidos no Ambulatório Veterinário-Universidade Federal de Pelotas, com o propósito de avaliar o conhecimento, cultivo, utilização e forma de obtenção das plantas medicinais, faixa etária e o sexo das pessoas, número de animais nas residências e resultados do uso de plantas nos animais. Após investigação inicial, realizaram-se visitas na comunidade com intuito de fotografar e coletar amostras das plantas para identificação botânica. Foram listadas 74 plantas com fins medicinais, principalmente das famílias Asteraceae e Lamiaceae, usadas em minoria nos animais. As principais indicações de uso foram para o sistema digestório e tegumentar, seguido do musculoesquelético e respiratório, sob forma de infusão e decocto. Grande parte dos entrevistados desconhecia os efeitos adversos do uso inadequado de plantas medicinais, e espécies diferentes eram conhecidas com o mesmo nome popular, podendo resultar em toxicidade, dosagens errôneas e ações desconhecidas. Em relação ao cultivo e utilização das plantas medicinais, predominava em pessoas com idade média de 41,2 anos, que obtiveram o conhecimento principalmente de pais e avós. As plantas com potencial tóxico encontradas pertenciam às famílias Araceae, Euphorbiaceae e Araliaceae, totalizando 20 espécies; porém, apenas seis foram citadas como tóxicas pelos entrevistados. Assim, observou-se a existência e uso de muitas plantas medicinais, além da presença de espécies potencialmente tóxicas na região, sendo imprescindível ressaltar, com embasamento científico, possíveis benefícios e riscos da administração em animais.


The aim of this study was to identify plants used in traditional medicine, as well as those with toxic potential in the neighborhoods of Simões Lopes, Padre Réus and Porto in the city of Pelotas. For a year there were interviewed 111 owners of animals treated at the Veterinary Clinic-Universidade Federal de Pelotas, in order to assess the knowledge, cultivation, use and form of obtaining medicinal plants, age and sex of people, number of animals and results of the use of plants in the animals. After initial investigation, visits were held in the community aiming to shoot and collect samples of plants for botanical identification. They were listed 74 plants for medicinal purposes, mainly from Asteraceae and Lamiaceae families, minimally used in animals. The main indications of use were for digestive and integumentary system, followed by musculoskeletal and respiratory, by infusion and decoction. Most of the interviewers were unaware of the adverse effects of inappropriate use of medicinal plants, and different species were known with the same common name, so they could result in toxicity, wrong dosages and unknown actions. There was a predominance of cultivation and use of medicinal plants in people with an average age of 41.2 years who obtained knowledge mainly from parents and grandparents. The toxic potential plants found were from Araceae, Euphorbiaceae and Araliaceae families, in a total of 20 species, but only six were cited as toxic by the interviewees. There was noticed the existence and use of many medicinal plants and presence of potentially toxic species in the region; so it is essential to evidence scientifically possible benefits and risks of administration in animals.


Assuntos
Animais , Plantas Medicinais , Plantas Tóxicas , Asteraceae , Lamiaceae
2.
Braz J Microbiol ; 45(3): 1101-3, 2014.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25477949

RESUMO

Ear infections in cats are uncommon, especially involving yeasts. This report describes the first isolation of the Stephanoascus ciferrii, teleomorph of the Candida genus, in a case of feline otitis in Brazil. The identification and characterization of Stephanoascus ciferrii were confirmed by the Vitek2 System (BioMerieux ®).


Assuntos
Doenças do Gato/microbiologia , Micoses/veterinária , Otite/veterinária , Saccharomycetales/isolamento & purificação , Animais , Brasil , Gatos , Microscopia , Técnicas de Tipagem Micológica , Micoses/microbiologia , Otite/microbiologia , Saccharomycetales/citologia , Saccharomycetales/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Saccharomycetales/metabolismo
3.
Braz. j. microbiol ; 45(3): 1101-1103, July-Sept. 2014. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-727044

RESUMO

Ear infections in cats are uncommon, especially involving yeasts. This report describes the first isolation of the Stephanoascus ciferrii, teleomorph of the Candida genus, in a case of feline otitis in Brazil. The identification and characterization of Stephanoascus ciferrii were confirmed by the Vitek2 System (BioMerieux ®).


Assuntos
Animais , Gatos , Doenças do Gato/microbiologia , Micoses/veterinária , Otite/veterinária , Saccharomycetales/isolamento & purificação , Brasil , Microscopia , Técnicas de Tipagem Micológica , Micoses/microbiologia , Otite/microbiologia , Saccharomycetales/citologia , Saccharomycetales/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Saccharomycetales/metabolismo
4.
Braz J Microbiol ; 44(1): 139-43, 2013.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24159296

RESUMO

The oral microbiota of humans and animals is made up of a wide variety of yeasts and bacteria, but microbiota of dogs is not totally described. Although such identification is an important step to establish the etiopathogenesis and adequate therapy for the periodontal disease The aim of this study was to evaluate and correlate oral alterations with the presence of yeasts in oral cavity of female dogs. After clinical evaluation samples from healthy and from dogs with oral diseases were obtained from three different oral sites by swabs, curettes, millimeter periodontal probes and HA membrane tip in cellulose ester. Yeast identification was performed through macroscopic and microscopic colony features and biochemical tests. Dental calculus was the most prevalent occurrence in the oral cavity of 59 females. However, the isolation of yeasts was significantly higher (p < 0.05) in animals suffering from halitosis. Eleven yeast species were identified, namely: Malassezia pachydermatis, Rhodotorula spp., Candida albicans, C. catenulata, C. famata, C. guilliermondii, C. parapsilosis, C. intermedia, Trichosporon asahii, T. mucoides and Cryptococcus albidus. It could be concluded that the yeasts are part of the microbiota from the different sites of the oral cavity of the female canines studied without causing any significant alterations except halitosis.

5.
Braz J Microbiol ; 44(1): 171-4, 2013.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24159301

RESUMO

The aim of this study was detect the presence of dermatophyte fungi on wild felids from screening centers. Samples were taken from 30 animals, assembled in two groups: "free-ranging" and "transitory captivity". The dermatophytes (Trichophyton genus), isolated from two felids (6.6%), both of the group "free-ranging".

6.
Braz. j. vet. res. anim. sci ; 50(4): 294-299, 2013. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: lil-707828

RESUMO

Os ambientes hospitalares podem albergar micro-organismos patogênicos e oportunistas, capazes de infectar, particu- larmente, os indivíduos imunossuprimidos. O processo de limpeza e desinfecção assume importância capital para o controle de tais doenças. O presente trabalho avaliou a suscetibilidade de leveduras isoladas de superfícies de ambiente hospitalar veterinário frente a quatro desinfetantes/antissépticos comumente utilizados na rotina de desinfecção. O teste de microdiluição em caldo foi realizado com 24 isolados leveduriformes frente ao hipoclorito de sódio 4%, cloreto de benzalcônico 2%, clorexidina-cetrimida 6,6% e derivado de cloro-fenol 3%. A clorexidina-cetrimida, cloreto de ben- zalcônio e derivado de cloro-fenol foram eficazes em todos os isolados com concentração inibitória mínima e concen- tração fungicida inferiores à concentração recomendada pelo fabricante. Por outro lado, a ação fungicida do hipoclorito de sódio em 79,1% dos isolados testados foi obtida na concentração recomendada pelo fabricante, com desempenho inferior aos demais desinfetantes avaliados.


Hospital environments can have pathogens and opportunistic pathogens, important for immunocompromising individuals. The process of cleaning and disinfection constitutes an important measure for the control of these diseases. This study evaluated the sensitivity of yeasts isolated from surfaces of nosocomial veterinary environment to four disinfectants/antiseptics used in the routine of disinfection. The test of broth microdilution was carried in 24isolates of yeasts against 4% sodium hypochlorite, 2% benzalkonium chloride, 6.6% chlorexidine-cetrimide and 3% chloro-phenol derivate. Chlorexidine-cetrimide, benzalkonium chloride and chloro-phenol derivate were efficient in all isolates with minimal inhibitory concentration and minimal fungicide concentration lower than the concentra- tion recommended by manufacturer. By other hand, fungicide action of the sodium hypochlorite in the concentration recommended by the manufacturer was verified in 79.1% of the isolated tested, with the lower performance of than the others evaluated disinfectants.


Assuntos
Animais , Anti-Infecciosos Locais , Desinfetantes/análise , Antifúngicos , Leveduras
7.
Braz. j. microbiol ; 44(1): 139-144, 2013. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-676911

RESUMO

The oral microbiota of humans and animals is made up of a wide variety of yeasts and bacteria, but microbiota of dogs is not totally described. Although such identification is an important step to establish the etiopathogenesis and adequate therapy for the periodontal disease The aim of this study was to evaluate and correlate oral alterations with the presence of yeasts in oral cavity of female dogs. After clinical evaluation samples from healthy and from dogs with oral diseases were obtained from three different oral sites by swabs, curettes, millimeter periodontal probes and HA membrane tip in cellulose ester. Yeast identification was performed through macroscopic and microscopic colony features and biochemical tests. Dental calculus was the most prevalent occurrence in the oral cavity of 59 females. However, the isolation of yeasts was significantly higher (p < 0.05) in animals suffering from halitosis. Eleven yeast species were identified, namely: Malassezia pachydermatis, Rhodotorula spp., Candida albicans, C. catenulata, C. famata, C. guilliermondii, C. parapsilosis, C. intermedia, Trichosporon asahii, T. mucoides and Cryptococcus albidus. It could be concluded that the yeasts are part of the microbiota from the different sites of the oral cavity of the female canines studied without causing any significant alterations except halitosis.


Assuntos
Animais , Feminino , Cães , Boca/patologia , Candidíase Bucal , Leveduras/isolamento & purificação , Doenças Periodontais , Métodos
8.
Mycoses ; 55(3): 281-5, 2012 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21902724

RESUMO

The susceptibility of Sporothrix schenckii isolates from clinical cases of canine, feline and human sporotrichosis, and from the environment, was evaluated with 4% sodium hypochlorite and 6.6% chlorhexidine digluconate using the broth microdilution, agar diffusion and direct exposure techniques. The minimal inhibitory concentration was smaller than 0.8% for chlorhexidine digluconate and between 8% and 4% for sodium hypochlorite. Inhibition zones were not found in agar diffusion for sodium hypochlorite, and zones averaging 1.9 mm were found for chlorhexidine digluconate. In the direct exposure test, sodium hypochlorite demonstrated best performance at 20 min of contact, as chlorhexidine digluconate presented little antimicrobial activity.


Assuntos
Doenças do Gato/microbiologia , Clorexidina/análogos & derivados , Doenças do Cão/microbiologia , Hipoclorito de Sódio/farmacologia , Sporothrix/efeitos dos fármacos , Esporotricose/microbiologia , Esporotricose/veterinária , Animais , Gatos , Clorexidina/farmacologia , Cães , Humanos , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Sporothrix/isolamento & purificação
9.
An Acad Bras Cienc ; 83(4): 1359-62, 2011 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22146963

RESUMO

This study describes the isolation of S. schenckii in hospital and home environments in Brazil. Samples were collected from surfaces of a veterinary service place and at home. S. schenckii was detected in 1.5% of the samples from the hospital environment. However, this fungus was isolated from all sampled areas in home environments. The isolation of S. schenckii demonstrates that these surfaces could act as infection sources to animals and humans. Therefore, employees and pet owners could be exposed to this agent, and the contamination, through surfaces, could occur through the traumatic inoculation of the fungus or by direct contact with pre-existing lesions.


Assuntos
Hospitais , Habitação , Sporothrix/isolamento & purificação , Microbiologia Ambiental , Sporothrix/classificação
10.
An. acad. bras. ciênc ; 83(4): 1359-1362, Dec. 2011.
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-607431

RESUMO

This study describes the isolation of S. schenckii in hospital and home environments in Brazil. Samples were collected from surfaces of a veterinary service place and at home. S. schenckii was detected in 1.5 percent of the samples from the hospital environment. However, this fungus was isolated from all sampled areas in home environments. The isolation of S. schenckii deonstrates that these surfaces could act as infection sources to anials and huans. Therefore, employees and pet owners could be exposed to this agent, and the contamination, through surfaces, could occur through the traumatic inoculation of the fungus or by direct contact with pre-existing lesions.


Esse estudo descreve o isolamento de S. schenckii em ambiente hospitalar e domiciliar, no Brasil. Foram colhidas amostras de superfície de local de atendimento veterinário e ambiente domiciliar. S. schenckii foi isolado em 1,5 por cento das amostras do ambiente hospitalar. Entretanto, esse fungo foi isolado em todas as amostras do ambiente domiciliar. O isolamento do S. schenckii demonstra a importância dessas superfícies atuarem como fontes de infecção para animais e humanos. Portanto, funcionários e proprietários de animais de estimação estariam expostos a esse agente e a contaminação, através das superfícies, poderia ocorrer pela inoculação traumática do fungo ou pelo contato direto com lesões pré-existentes.


Assuntos
Hospitais , Habitação , Sporothrix/isolamento & purificação , Microbiologia Ambiental , Sporothrix/classificação
11.
Microbes Infect ; 12(2): 162-5, 2010 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19883789

RESUMO

In this study, we evaluate the clinical, histopathological and ultra structural aspects of the infection by field strain (MEL(+)) and mutated strain (MEL(-)) of Sporothrix schenckii. The development of sporotrichosis at the inoculation sites was similar for both groups of animals after the second week of the experimental period. Statistical differences appeared only at weeks 3 and 5. The pigmented isolate had greater tissue invasive capacity, promoting the formation of multifocal granulomas, whereas the albino isolate induced an enhanced inflammatory response, restraining the agent to the core of the granulomas.


Assuntos
Melaninas/fisiologia , Sporothrix/patogenicidade , Esporotricose/microbiologia , Fatores de Virulência/fisiologia , Animais , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Pé/microbiologia , Pé/patologia , Fígado/microbiologia , Fígado/patologia , Masculino , Melaninas/genética , Ratos , Ratos Wistar , Pele/microbiologia , Pele/patologia , Baço/microbiologia , Baço/patologia , Sporothrix/isolamento & purificação , Sporothrix/metabolismo , Esporotricose/patologia
12.
Rev Soc Bras Med Trop ; 40(1): 60-2, 2007.
Artigo em Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17486256

RESUMO

The study objective was to determine the in vitro activity of terbinafine and itraconazole through the microdilution technique in broth (NCCLSM27-A2), adapted for dimorphic fungus, in relation to 12 isolates of Sporothrix schenckii. Six were from feline sporotrichosis, three from human sporotrichosis, one from a dog and two from human isolates originating from Instituto Oswaldo Cruz. The inoculum and antifungal concentrates were distributed on microplates that were incubated at 35 degrees C for five days. Minimum inhibitory concentration readings were made at the end of this period. The MIC for terbinafine ranged from 0.055 microg/ml to 0.109 microg/ml, and the MIC for itraconazole ranged from 0.219 microg/ml to 1.75 microg/ml. For both drugs, the MIC from the isolates from IOC was 0.875 microg/ml. The present study demonstrates the high susceptibility of Sporothrix schenckii to terbinafine. Further studies to correlate the in vitro susceptibility tests with the clinical response of patients with sporotrichosis are needed.


Assuntos
Antifúngicos/farmacologia , Itraconazol/farmacologia , Naftalenos/farmacologia , Sporothrix/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Gatos , Cães , Humanos , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana/métodos , Sporothrix/isolamento & purificação , Terbinafina
13.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 40(1): 60-62, jan.-fev. 2007. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: lil-449171

RESUMO

O estudo objetiva determinar a atividade in vitro da terbinafina e itraconazol através da técnica de microdiluição em caldo (NCCLSM27-A2) adaptado para um fungo dimórfico frente a 12 isolados de Sporothrix schenckii, sendo seis de esporotricose felina, três de esporotricose humana, um isolado de cão e dois isolados humanos provenientes do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz (IOC). O inóculo e as concentrações antifúngicas foram distribuídas em microplacas, as quais foram incubadas a 35°C por cinco dias, quando foi realizada a leitura da concentração inibitória mínima. A concentração inibitória mínima para a terbinafina variou de 0,055µg/ml a 0,109µg/ml e para o itraconazol de 0,219µg/ml a 1,75µg/ml, sendo que para ambos os fármacos as CIMs entre os isolados do IOC foi de 0,875µg/ml. O estudo demonstrou uma alta suscetibilidade do Sporothrix schenckii frente à terbinafina, necessitando mais estudos que correlacionem os testes in vitro frente ao fármaco com a resposta clínica em pacientes com esporotricose.


The study objective was to determine the in vitro activity of terbinafine and itraconazole through the microdilution technique in broth (NCCLSM27-A2), adapted for dimorphic fungus, in relation to 12 isolates of Sporothrix schenckii. Six were from feline sporotrichosis, three from human sporotrichosis, one from a dog and two from human isolates originating from Instituto Oswaldo Cruz. The inoculum and antifungal concentrates were distributed on microplates that were incubated at 35°C for five days. Minimum inhibitory concentration readings were made at the end of this period. The MIC for terbinafine ranged from 0.055µg/ml to 0.109µg/ml, and the MIC for itraconazole ranged from 0.219µg/ml to 1.75µg/ml. For both drugs, the MIC from the isolates from IOC was 0.875µg/ml. The present study demonstrates the high susceptibility of Sporothrix schenckii to terbinafine. Further studies to correlate the in vitro susceptibility tests with the clinical response of patients with sporotrichosis are needed.


Assuntos
Humanos , Animais , Gatos , Cães , Antifúngicos/farmacologia , Itraconazol/farmacologia , Naftalenos/farmacologia , Sporothrix/efeitos dos fármacos , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana/métodos , Sporothrix/isolamento & purificação
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