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1.
Sci Rep ; 8(1): 13908, 2018 09 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30224742

RESUMO

Here we show that the novel object recognition test can discriminate between high (HRN, neophobic) and low (LRN, neophilic) novelty responders in zebrafish populations. Especially when we observe the latency to the first entry in the novel object zone, zebrafish did not maintain these behavioral phenotypes in sequential tests and only the HRN group returned to their initial responsive behavior when exposed to fluoxetine. Our results have important implications for behavioral data analysis since such behavioral differences can potentially increase individual response variability and interfere with the outcomes obtained from various behavioral tasks. Our data reinforce the validity of personality determination in zebrafish since we show clear differences in behavior in response to fluoxetine.


Assuntos
Comportamento Animal/efeitos dos fármacos , Fluoxetina/farmacologia , Peixe-Zebra/fisiologia , Animais , Masculino
2.
Environ Toxicol ; 32(7): 1964-1972, 2017 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28371364

RESUMO

The glucocorticoid cortisol, the end product of hypothalamus-pituitary-interrenal axis in zebrafish (Danio rerio), is synthesized via steroidogenesis and promotes important physiological regulations in response to a stressor. The failure of this axis leads to inability to cope with environmental challenges preventing adaptive processes in order to restore homeostasis. Pesticides and agrichemicals are widely used, and may constitute an important class of environmental pollutants when reach aquatic ecosystems and nontarget species. These chemical compounds may disrupt hypothalamus-pituitary-interrenal axis by altering synthesis, structure or function of its constituents. We present evidence that organophosphorus exposure disrupts stress response by altering the expression of key genes of the neural steroidogenesis, causing downregulation of star, hsp70, and pomc genes. This appears to be mediated via muscarinic receptors, since the muscarinic antagonist scopolamine blocked these effects.


Assuntos
Disruptores Endócrinos/toxicidade , Inseticidas/toxicidade , Metil Paration/toxicidade , Receptores Muscarínicos/metabolismo , Poluentes Químicos da Água/toxicidade , Peixe-Zebra/metabolismo , Animais , Proteínas de Choque Térmico HSP72/genética , Proteínas de Choque Térmico HSP72/metabolismo , Hidrocortisona/metabolismo , Locomoção/efeitos dos fármacos , Antagonistas Muscarínicos/farmacologia , Fosfoproteínas/genética , Fosfoproteínas/metabolismo , Pró-Opiomelanocortina/genética , Pró-Opiomelanocortina/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-fos/metabolismo , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Escopolamina/farmacologia , Proteínas de Peixe-Zebra/genética , Proteínas de Peixe-Zebra/metabolismo
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