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1.
Braz. j. biol ; 82: e231838, 2022. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1153467

RESUMO

Abstract Use of antibiotics inevitably leads to antimicrobial resistance. Selection for resistance occurs primarily within the gut of humans and animals as well as in the environment through natural resistance and residual antibiotics in streams and soil. We evaluated antimicrobial resistance in Gram negative bacteria from a river system in a rural community in Bahia, Brazil. Water was collected from the Jiquiriçá and Brejões rivers and the piped water supply. Additionally, stools were collected from a random sample of residents, cows, pigs and horses near the river. The samples were screened for bacteria resistant to ciprofloxacin, cefotaxime, and meropenem and identified biochemically at the genus and species levels. Microbial source tracking demonstrated that ruminant and human fecal contamination increased as the rivers neared the village center and decreased after the last residence. Antibiotic bacteria were identified from all samples (n = 32). No bacteria were resistant to carbapenems, but the majority of the enterobacteria were resistant to ciprofloxacin, even though this class of antibiotics is not commonly used in food animals in this region. Considering these facts, together with the pattern of human fecal contamination, a human source was considered most likely for these resistant isolates.


Resumo O uso de antibióticos inevitavelmente leva à resistência antimicrobiana. A seleção para resistência antimicrobiana ocorre principalmente no intestino de seres humanos e animais, bem como no meio ambiente, através da resistência natural e resíduos de antibióticos nos esgotos e no solo. Avaliamos a resistência antimicrobiana em bactérias Gram-negativas de um sistema fluvial em uma comunidade rural da Bahia, Brasil. A água foi coletada nos rios Jiquiriçá e Brejões e no abastecimento de água encanada. Além disso, foram coletadas amostras randomizadas de fezes de moradores, vacas, porcos e cavalos próximos ao rio. As amostras foram triadas para bactérias resistentes à ciprofloxacina, cefotaxima e meropenem e identificadas bioquimicamente nos níveis de gênero e espécie. O rastreamento de fontes microbianas demonstrou que a contaminação fecal de ruminantes e humanos aumentou à medida que os rios se aproximavam do centro da vila e diminuía após a última residência. Bactérias resistentes a antibióticos foram identificadas em todas as amostras (n = 32). Nenhuma bactéria demonstrou ser resistente aos carbapenêmicos testados, contudo, foi encontrado enterobactérias resistentes à ciprofloxacina, ainda que essa classe de antibióticos não seja comumente usada na medicina veterinária dos animais dessa região. Considerando esses fatos, juntamente com o padrão de contaminação fecal avaliado, a fonte de contaminação humana foi considerada a mais provável na interação desses isolados resistentes.

2.
Parasitol Res ; 120(5): 1571-1582, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33852067

RESUMO

Genus and species of phlebotomine sand flies have been recorded and described in caves in Brazil, but no study has provided the food source used by sand flies in these environments. Herein, we identified the blood source used by sand fly species in caves located at "Quadrilátero Ferrífero" (QF), Minas Gerais state. Specimens were manually collected near or on anurans inside ferruginous caves in Serra do Gandarela National Park and Serra do Rola Moça State Park. Males and females were placed in vials with 70% alcohol and stored at -10°C. Females engorged, after specific identification, had DNA extracted and followed for PCR amplification using specific primers. Sequencing was analyzed in the GenBank and Barcode of Life. A total of 198 specimens were collected (107 females and 91 males), all of them belonging to species Sciopemyia aff. microps (88.89%), Sciopemyia sordellii (10.61%), or Martinsmyia oliveirai (0.50%). When it comes to the females, 89 were S. aff. microps and 18 S. sordellii. Nineteen engorged females of S. aff. microps were analyzed and most of them (n=18) presented blood from Bokermannohyla martinsi and one contained blood from Scinax fuscovarius. The blood present in engorged females of S. sordellii (n=4) was from B. martinsi. Sciopemyia genus specimens are commonly found in collections carried out inside natural caves, but this was the first study to prove that females of this genus feed on cold-blooded animals in nature. HIGHLIGHTS: • Here we proved that sand flies feed in cold-blooded animals in in Brazilian caves. • Females of the Sciopemyia genus were for the first time found feeding in natural habitats. • Anurans of the family Hylidae were identified as source by molecular analyzes. • Insect bloodmeal identification can help assessing the fauna in several biomes. • This is the first record of S. aff. microps in caves of Brazil.

3.
Braz J Biol ; 82: e231838, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33681894

RESUMO

Use of antibiotics inevitably leads to antimicrobial resistance. Selection for resistance occurs primarily within the gut of humans and animals as well as in the environment through natural resistance and residual antibiotics in streams and soil. We evaluated antimicrobial resistance in Gram negative bacteria from a river system in a rural community in Bahia, Brazil. Water was collected from the Jiquiriçá and Brejões rivers and the piped water supply. Additionally, stools were collected from a random sample of residents, cows, pigs and horses near the river. The samples were screened for bacteria resistant to ciprofloxacin, cefotaxime, and meropenem and identified biochemically at the genus and species levels. Microbial source tracking demonstrated that ruminant and human fecal contamination increased as the rivers neared the village center and decreased after the last residence. Antibiotic bacteria were identified from all samples (n = 32). No bacteria were resistant to carbapenems, but the majority of the enterobacteria were resistant to ciprofloxacin, even though this class of antibiotics is not commonly used in food animals in this region. Considering these facts, together with the pattern of human fecal contamination, a human source was considered most likely for these resistant isolates.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos , Rios , Animais , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Brasil , Bovinos , Farmacorresistência Bacteriana , Humanos , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , População Rural , Suínos
4.
J Appl Microbiol ; 2020 Dec 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33342017

RESUMO

AIMS: To evaluate the applicability of the Mimosa tenuiflora and Eucalyptus urograndis pyroligneous acids (PAs) as alternative antiseptics in dairy goats. METHODS AND RESULTS: Cytotoxicity was evaluated in vitro using bacteria, as well as in vivo using goats, and the influence of PAs on the physicochemical parameters of fresh milk were examined. The cytotoxicity of PAs was evaluated in terms of morphology, cell viability and metabolic activity of goat tegumentary cells. The PA of M. tenuiflora had results similar to those of 2% iodine. For the in vitro tests, strains of Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli and Pseudomonas aeruginosa were used with the well technique, demonstrating inhibition halos greater than 9 mm. In the in vivo test, 15 animals were used per phase of the experiment, and the plate counting technique showed that there was antiseptic action of both extracts, with emphasis on the M. tenuiflora PA. Physicochemical analysis of the milk showed that neither PAs interfered with its physical-chemical parameters. CONCLUSIONS: The PA of M. tenuiflora presented potential as an alternative antiseptic in dairy goats. SIGNIFICANCE AND IMPACT OF THE STUDY: This study demonstrates the use of PA as an antimicrobial agent in animals.

5.
Int Endod J ; 53(9): 1264-1274, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32535966

RESUMO

AIM: To assess the effects of octenidine dihydrochloride (OCT) on eukaryotic cells and the cytotoxicity of OCT associated with sodium hypochlorite - NaOCl (NaOCl/OCT). METHODOLOGY: L929 fibroblasts and human osteoblast-like cells (Saos-2) were exposed to 0.1% OCT, 2% CHX, 2.5% NaOCl, 5.25% NaOCl and mixtures of 5.25% NaOCl and 0.1% OCT (NaOCl/OCT) at 90 : 10, 80 : 20 and 50 : 50 ratios. Cell viability was assessed by methyl-thiazol-tetrazolium (MTT) and neutral red (NR) assays; type of cell death, by flow cytometry; cytoskeleton, by actin and α-tubulin fluorescence; and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity, by thymolphthalein release. The data were analysed by two-way ANOVA and Bonferroni tests (α = 0.05). RESULTS: MTT and NR assays revealed that 0.1% OCT had the lowest cytotoxicity (P < 0.05), followed by 2% CHX (P < 0.05). The 2.5% NaOCl, NaOCl/OCT 80 : 20 and NaOCl/OCT 50 : 50 solutions had intermediate cytotoxicity. NaOCl 5.25% and NaOCl/OCT 90 : 10 had the highest cytotoxicity (P < 0.05). The OCT group had a higher percentage of viable cells than the NaOCl and CHX groups (P < 0.05), and induced apoptosis at higher doses. The cytoskeleton alterations were observed at 0.12%, 0.6% and 2.02% for the NaOCl, CHX and OCT groups, respectively. The solutions did not induce ALP activity. CONCLUSION: Octenidine dihydrochloride was less cytotoxic, induced apoptosis at higher doses, caused few changes in the cytoskeleton and did not induce alkaline phosphatase activity. In addition, octenidine dihydrochloride reduced the cytotoxicity of 5.25% NaOCl when combined at 20 and 50%.


Assuntos
Irrigantes do Canal Radicular , Hipoclorito de Sódio , Clorexidina , Células Eucarióticas , Humanos , Piridinas
6.
Appl Physiol Nutr Metab ; 45(12): 1353-1359, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32574503

RESUMO

Caloric restriction (CR) reduces body weight and systemic inflammation, but the effects on adipose tissue under dietary lipid overload are controversial. We evaluated the effects of CR-induced weight loss with a high-fat diet on adipose tissue inflammation of obese mice. Male mice were assigned into low-fat diet (LF) and high-fat diet (HF) groups. After 8 weeks, the mice in the HF group were reassigned for another 7 weeks into the following 3 conditions: (i) kept in the HF condition; (ii) changed to low-fat diet ad libitum (LFAL); and (iii) changed to high-fat calorie-restricted (RHF) diet to reach LFAL body weight. Serum markers, adipocytokines, morphology, and inflammatory infiltrates in retroperitoneal adipose tissue (RAT) were accessed. The body weights of the LFAL and RHF groups were reduced, equaling the body weights of the LF group. The LFAL mice had restored almost all inflammatory markers as the LF mice, except tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α), monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1), and adiponectin. Compared with the HF group, the RHF group had lowered visceral adiposity, retroperitoneal adipocyte sizes, and RAT inflammatory cell infiltration, as well as TNF-α, interleukin-6, and hepatic and serum C-reactive protein, which were higher than that of the LFAL group; adiponectin and MCP-1 did not change. CR with high-fat diet reduced body weight and attenuated visceral adiposity but did not fully recover visceral tissue inflammation. Novelty Caloric restriction in a high-fat diet ameliorated visceral adiposity. Caloric restriction in a high-fat diet did not recover visceral adipose tissue inflammation.

7.
Oper Dent ; 45(5): 467-472, 2020 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32243254

RESUMO

This article describes an indirect composite restoration technique for diastema closure and tooth lengthening with a noninvasive approach using regularly available materials such as silicone, composite resin, and an adhesive system. The procedure resulted in occlusal and functional improvement, with diastema closure, protrusive guide adjustment, and an increase in central incisor length. The procedure provided an adequate proportion of the central incisors with an esthetically natural appearance. It also resulted in simple, fast, and accurate manufacturing with a noninvasive esthetic indirect rehabilitation compared with more invasive preparation of ceramic veneers.


Assuntos
Facetas Dentárias , Diastema , Resinas Compostas , Diastema/terapia , Estética Dentária , Humanos , Incisivo
8.
J Appl Microbiol ; 129(3): 521-531, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32281210

RESUMO

AIM: To evaluate the bacterial composition of collared peccary semen and foreskin mucosa, and to verify the sensitivity of isolates to antimicrobials used in semen conservation and to Aloe vera gel, which is an alternative external cryoprotectant. METHODS AND RESULTS: Nine foreskin mucosa and ejaculate samples from adult animals were used. Sperm characteristics and bacterial load were evaluated in fresh semen. The preputial mucosa and semen bacterial isolates were identified and tested against five concentrations of each antimicrobial (streptomycin-penicillin and gentamicin) and A. vera gel. Corynebacterium sp. and Staphylococcus sp. were isolated in greater numbers than others in both semen (64·10 and 20·51%, respectively) and the foreskin mucosa (60·60 and 24·25%, respectively), and ranged from 0·4 to 21 × 105 colony-forming units (CFU) per ml. The average load of Corynebacterium sp. was negatively correlated (P < 0·05) with the sperm membrane integrity (r = -0·73055) and curvilinear velocity (r = -0·69048). Streptomycin-penicillin and gentamicin inhibited most micro-organisms, and A. vera showed lower antimicrobial activity. CONCLUSION: Several Gram-positive bacteria are present in semen and foreskin mucosa of collared peccary, and the benefits of using primarily penicillin-streptomycin and gentamicin antimicrobials in the bacterial control of diluted semen of these animals are strongly indicated. SIGNIFICANCE AND IMPACT OF THE STUDY: This study provides insight into the reproductive microbiota of captive male-collared peccary. This work provides a theoretical basis to assist reproductive biotechnologies for ex situ conservation of the species.


Assuntos
Artiodáctilos/microbiologia , Prepúcio do Pênis/microbiologia , Microbiota , Sêmen/microbiologia , Espermatozoides/fisiologia , Aloe , Animais , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Artiodáctilos/fisiologia , Bactérias Aeróbias/classificação , Bactérias Aeróbias/efeitos dos fármacos , Bactérias Aeróbias/isolamento & purificação , Crioprotetores/farmacologia , Masculino , Membrana Mucosa/microbiologia , Espermatozoides/citologia
9.
New Microbes New Infect ; 30: 100544, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31061711

RESUMO

The genome of a novel nontoxigenic Corynebacterium diphtheriae, strain 5015, isolated from a patient with adenoid cystic carcinoma was sequenced and compared with 117 publically available genomes. This strain is phylogenetically distinct and lacks virulence genes encoding the toxin, BigA and Sdr-like adhesins. Strain 5015 possesses spaD-type and spaH-type pilus gene clusters with a loss of some gene functions, and 31 unique genes that need molecular characterization to understand their potential role in virulence characteristics.

10.
Theriogenology ; 114: 159-164, 2018 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29626739

RESUMO

Two experiments were conducted to assess a hormonal strategy developed to reduce animal handling for timed artificial insemination (TAI) with sex-sorted semen. Four-hundred ninety-one (491) suckled beef cows received a progesterone (P4) intravaginal device and 2 mg intramuscular (im) injection of estradiol benzoate (EB) on a randomly chosen day of the estrus cycle (Day 0) in Experiment 1. Cows were treated with 500 µg of sodic cloprostenol (PGF2α) and with 300 IU of eCG at P4 device removal (Day 8); these cows were also randomly assigned to receive 1 mg of estradiol cypionate (EC) administered at P4 device removal (treatment EC-0h) or 1 mg of EB 24 h after P4 device removal (treatment EB-24h). Both treatments were timed inseminated (TAI) with sex-sorted semen 60 h after P4 device removal. Cows treated with EC-0h presented higher pregnancy rate per AI (P/AI) [45.0% (113/251)] than the ones treated with EB-24h [35.4% (85/240); P = 0.03)]. A subset of cows (n = 26) were subjected to ultrasound examination every 12 h after P4 device removal for 96 h in the row in order to determine the time of ovulation. Similar interval between device removal and ovulation was recorded for EB-24h = 70.0 ±â€¯2.9 h vs. EC-0h = 66.0 ±â€¯2.8 h (P = 0.52). Five-hundred ninety-one (591) cows were subjected to the same synchronization protocols and treatments (EC-0h or EB-24h). In addition, they were randomly assigned to a 2 × 2 factorial arrangement aiming at determining the effects of treatment with estradiol (EC-0h vs. EB-24h) and of semen type (Sex-sorted vs. Non-sex-sorted semen). All animals were timed inseminated 60 h after P4 device removal. There was no interaction (P = 0.07) between the ovulation inducer and semen type. The EC protocol led to greater P/AI than EB (P = 0.03). Greater (P = 0.01) P/AI was achieved through treatments with non-sex-sorted semen rather than with sex-sorted semen [sex-sorted (EB-24h = 49.0%; EC-0h = 51.0%) vs. non-sex-sorted semen (EB-24h = 52.4%; EC-0h = 68.2%)]. Therefore, EC administered at P4 device removal resulted in greater P/AI. Furthermore, the EC-0h protocol allowed reducing suckled beef cow handing for timed artificial insemination with sex-sorted semen.


Assuntos
Criação de Animais Domésticos , Inseminação Artificial/veterinária , Lactação/fisiologia , Pré-Seleção do Sexo , Animais , Bovinos , Estradiol/administração & dosagem , Estradiol/análogos & derivados , Estradiol/farmacologia , Sincronização do Estro/métodos , Feminino , Masculino , Gravidez , Progesterona/administração & dosagem , Progesterona/farmacologia , Sêmen
11.
Scand J Med Sci Sports ; 27(11): 1384-1394, 2017 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27485683

RESUMO

We compared the effects of continuous exercise (CE) vs accumulated exercise (AE) training on CVD risk factors and heart of young male Wistar rats. The exercise training (ET) was performed in a swimming pool for 30-60 min/day, 5 days/week over 15 weeks. CE group performed the ET in a single long daily session (30-60 min), while AE group performed the ET at the same frequency, intensity, and duration of CE rats, but in three short bouts over the course of a day (10-20 min in three daily sessions). AE training was more efficient than CE in attenuating body and fat weight gain and inhibiting visceral adipocyte hypertrophy at the same food intake level. CE training was more efficient in improving systolic blood pressure, LDL/HDL cholesterol, and serum triglyceride. Both ET protocols increased heart function, decreased lipid peroxidation, and increased intracellular Hsp72 content in the heart. This work shows distinct beneficial effects of CE vs AE training suggesting that the prescription of one or other may be preferred to prevent the increase of a specific CVD risk factor.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares/prevenção & controle , Coração/fisiologia , Condicionamento Físico Animal/métodos , Animais , Pressão Sanguínea , Proteínas de Choque Térmico HSP72/metabolismo , Gordura Intra-Abdominal , Lipídeos/sangue , Masculino , Ratos Wistar , Fatores de Risco , Ganho de Peso
12.
J Anim Sci ; 93(6): 2796-805, 2015 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26115267

RESUMO

Two experiments were designed to evaluate the impact of puberty status and the administration of melengestrol acetate (MGA) before onset of the breeding period on ovulatory responses (Exp. 1) and conception rate after AI performed on estrus detection during 10 d and the pregnancy rate through 80 d of breeding period (Exp. 2) of pasture-grazed beef heifers. In Exp. 1, heifers (15 pubertal and 15 prepubertal) received 0.5 mg per heifer/d -1 of MGA over 14 d. No differences in the ovulatory responses were found 10 d after the MGA administration (pubertal = 46.7% vs. prepubertal P = 53.3%; P = 0.72). In Exp. 2, 368 heifers were randomly assigned to groups according to pubertal status and the MGA treatment. All heifers were inseminated on estrus detection for up 10 d after MGA administration and following exposure to bulls between 20 and 80 d. The MGA-treated heifers exhibited a greater AI service rate than control heifers (72.1 vs. 41.6%;P < 0.01); however, heifers receiving MGA had lower conception results following AI (51.6 vs. 71.4%; P = 0.01). In addition, MGA-treated heifers were more likely to have a corpus luteum in the middle of the breeding period (95.3 vs. 87.5%;P < 0.01), although the Cox proportional hazard of pregnancy rate was similar (P = 0.29) at the end of the breeding period. At onset of the breeding period, pubertal heifers presented a greater pregnancy rate following AI (pubertal P = 42.2% vs. prepubertal P = 24.9%; P = 0.01). Therefore, pubertal heifers seem to have greater overall reproductive efficiency than prepubertal heifers, particularly at the beginning of the breeding period. Interestingly, administration of MGA before the onset of the breeding period increased AI service rate but did not alter the rate of pregnancy throughout the breeding period of pasture-grazed beef heifers.


Assuntos
Cruzamento/métodos , Suplementos Nutricionais , Acetato de Melengestrol/farmacologia , Puberdade/fisiologia , Reprodução/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Bovinos , Detecção do Estro/métodos , Sincronização do Estro/métodos , Feminino , Fertilização/efeitos dos fármacos , Inseminação Artificial/veterinária , Masculino , Acetato de Melengestrol/administração & dosagem , Ovulação/efeitos dos fármacos , Gravidez , Taxa de Gravidez
13.
Epidemiol Infect ; 143(4): 791-8, 2015 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25703400

RESUMO

We describe microbiological, clinical and epidemiological aspects of a diphtheria outbreak that occurred in Maranhão, Brazil. The majority of the 27 confirmed cases occurred in partially (n = 16) or completely (n = 10) immunized children (n = 26). Clinical signs and characteristic symptoms of diphtheria such as cervical lymphadenopathy and pseudomembrane formation were absent in 48% and 7% of the cases, respectively. Complications such as paralysis of lower limbs were observed. Three cases resulted in death, two of them in completely immunized children. Microbiological analysis identified the isolates as Corynebacterium diphtheriae biovar intermedius with a predominant PFGE type. Most of them were toxigenic and some showed a decrease in penicillin G susceptibility. In conclusion, diphtheria remains endemic in Brazil. Health professionals need to be aware of the possibility of atypical cases of C. diphtheriae infection, including pharyngitis without pseudomembrane formation.


Assuntos
Difteria/epidemiologia , Surtos de Doenças , Adolescente , Adulto , Brasil/epidemiologia , Criança , Corynebacterium diphtheriae/efeitos dos fármacos , Difteria/tratamento farmacológico , Difteria/microbiologia , Difteria/patologia , Farmacorresistência Bacteriana , Eletroforese em Gel de Campo Pulsado , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Adulto Jovem
14.
Animal ; 7(7): 1137-42, 2013 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23414830

RESUMO

A total of twelve lactating Jersey cows were used in a 5-week experiment to determine the effects of severe feed restriction on the permeability of mammary gland cell tight junctions (TJs) and its effects on milk stability to the alcohol test. During the first 2 weeks, cows were managed and fed together and received the same diet according to their nutritional requirements (full diet: 15 kg of sugar cane silage; 5.8 kg of alfalfa hay; 0.16 kg of mineral salt and 6.2 kg of concentrate). In the 3rd week, animals were distributed into two groups of six cows each. One group received the full diet and the other a restricted diet (50% of the full diet). In the 4th and 5th weeks, all animals received the full diet again. Milk composition and other attributes, such as titratable acidity, ethanol stability, pH, density and somatic cell count (SCC) were evaluated. Cortisol levels indicated the stress condition of the cows. Plasma lactose and milk sodium were measured to assess mammary TJ leakiness. Principal factor analysis (PFA) showed that the first two principal factors (PFs) contributed with 44.47% and 20.57% of the total variance in the experiment and, as feeding levels increased, milk stability to the ethanol test became higher and plasma lactose levels decreased, which indicates lower permeability of the mammary gland cell TJ. Correspondence analyses were consistent with PFA and also showed that lower feeding levels were related to reduced milk stability, high plasma lactose, high sodium in milk, low milk lactose (another parameter used to assess TJ permeability) and higher cortisol levels, indicating the stress to which animals were submitted. All observations were grouped in three clusters, with some of the above-mentioned patterns. Feeding restriction was associated with higher permeability of TJ, decreasing milk stability to the ethanol test.


Assuntos
Restrição Calórica/veterinária , Bovinos/fisiologia , Etanol/química , Glândulas Mamárias Animais/metabolismo , Leite/química , Junções Íntimas/metabolismo , Ração Animal/análise , Animais , Análise Química do Sangue/veterinária , Feminino , Lactação , Permeabilidade , Espectrofotometria Atômica/veterinária
15.
Allergy ; 67(9): 1149-56, 2012 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22775568

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Churg-Strauss syndrome (CSS) and hypereosinophilic syndrome (HES) overlap considerably in clinical presentation. A reliable means of distinguishing between these groups of patients is needed, especially in the setting of glucocorticoid therapy. METHODS: A retrospective chart review of 276 adult subjects referred for evaluation of eosinophilia > 1500/µl was performed, and subjects with a documented secondary cause of eosinophilia or a PDGFR -positive myeloproliferative neoplasm were excluded. The remaining subjects were assessed for the presence of American College of Rheumatology (ACR) criteria. Laboratory and clinical parameters were compared between subjects with biopsy-proven vasculitis (CSS; n = 8), ≥4 ACR criteria (probable CSS; n = 21), HES with asthma and/or sinusitis without other CSS-defining criteria (HESwAS; n = 20), HES without asthma or sinusitis (HES; n = 18), and normal controls (n = 8). Serum biomarkers reported to be associated with CSS were measured using standard techniques. RESULTS: There were no differences between the subjects with definite or probable CSS or HES with respect to age, gender, or maintenance steroid dose. Serum CCL17, IL-8, and eotaxin levels were significantly increased in eosinophilic subjects as compared to normal controls, but were similar between the eosinophilic groups. Serum CCL17 correlated with eosinophil count (P < 0.0001, r = 0.73), but not with prednisone dose. CONCLUSIONS: In patients with a history of asthma and sinusitis, distinguishing between ANCA-negative CSS and PDGFR-negative HES is difficult because of significant overlap in clinical presentation and biomarker profiles.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores/sangue , Quimiocina CCL11/sangue , Quimiocina CCL17/sangue , Síndrome de Churg-Strauss/sangue , Síndrome Hipereosinofílica/sangue , Interleucina-8/sangue , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Síndrome de Churg-Strauss/metabolismo , Síndrome de Churg-Strauss/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Síndrome Hipereosinofílica/metabolismo , Síndrome Hipereosinofílica/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
16.
Vet Microbiol ; 153(3-4): 323-31, 2011 Dec 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21742447

RESUMO

During the last decade the majority of diphtheria cases in Europe had Corynebacterium ulcerans as the etiologic agent with dogs and cats as the reservoir hosts. However, little has been documented about the virulence factors of this zoonotic pathogen. To set up an in vivo experimental C. ulcerans infection model, conventional Swiss Webster mice were intravenously infected with different doses (from 1 × 10(7) to 5 × 10(9) bacteria per mouse) of C. ulcerans strains, namely 809 (from human lower respiratory tract), BR-AD22 (from asymptomatic dog nares) and CDC-KC279. Mortality rates were demonstrated by LD(50) values ranging from 1.9 × 10(8) to 1.3 × 10(9). Viable bacteria were recovered from blood, kidneys, liver, spleen and joints. For CDC-KC279 and 809 strains (2 × 10(8)mL(-1)) approximately 85% and 72% of animals with articular lesions were observed, respectively; BR-AD22-infected mice showed no signs of arthritis. CDC-KC279 and 809 strains exhibited higher arthritogenic potential when compared to the homologous toxigenic (ATCC27012) and non-toxigenic (ATCC27010) strains of Corynebacterium diphtheriae. A high number of affected joints and arthritis index in addition to the histopathological features, including subcutaneous edema, inflammatory infiltrate, damage to bone tissue and synoviocyte hypertrophy, indicated a strain-dependent ability of C. ulcerans strains to cause severe polyarthritis. A correlation between the arthritis index and systemic levels of IL-6 and TNF-α was observed for C. ulcerans strains, with the exception of the non-arthritogenic BR-AD22 strain. In conclusion, C. ulcerans revealed a strain-dependent arthritogenic potential independent of DNAse, PLD and diphtheria toxin production.


Assuntos
Artrite Infecciosa/microbiologia , Infecções por Corynebacterium/microbiologia , Infecções por Corynebacterium/patologia , Corynebacterium/fisiologia , Animais , Artrite Infecciosa/patologia , Carga Bacteriana , Corynebacterium/imunologia , Infecções por Corynebacterium/imunologia , Corynebacterium diphtheriae/fisiologia , Citocinas/metabolismo , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Feminino , Masculino , Camundongos , Especificidade da Espécie , Fatores de Tempo
17.
J Med Microbiol ; 60(Pt 11): 1685-1688, 2011 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21680765

RESUMO

We report a case of concurrent diphtheria and infectious mononucleosis in an 11-year-old Brazilian child. Two days after specific treatment for diphtheria was started the patient was discharged following clinical recovery. This case highlights the difficulties in the clinical diagnosis of diphtheria in partially immunized individuals, and for the management and control of diphtheria in developing countries.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Corynebacterium diphtheriae/imunologia , Antitoxina Diftérica/uso terapêutico , Difteria/complicações , Mononucleose Infecciosa/complicações , Criança , Difteria/tratamento farmacológico , Difteria/imunologia , Humanos , Mononucleose Infecciosa/imunologia , Masculino
18.
Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek ; 99(3): 733-7, 2011 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20941542

RESUMO

During the last decades, the majority of Brazilian Corynebacterium diphtheriae isolates were shown to be capable to metabolize sucrose, sometimes leading to erroneous identification as a non-diphtheric Corynebacterium species. The sequencing of the polymorphic region of the RNA polymerase beta subunit-encoding gene (rpoB) is an important taxonomic tool for identification of corynebacteria. The present study aimed to investigate the rpoB gene polymorphic features of sucrose-fermenting and non sucrose-fermenting strains. The results showed that sucrose-fermenting strains presented rpoB gene polymorphic regions with more than 98% similarity with the sequences deposited in the gene bank corresponding to non sucrose-fermenting strains. Data indicate that sucrose-fermenting isolates may act as a variant of C. diphtheriae biotype mitis. In addition we alert that sucrose-fermenting strains should not be discarded as contaminants mainly in countries where the possibility of isolation of this variant is higher.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Bactérias/metabolismo , Corynebacterium diphtheriae/genética , Corynebacterium diphtheriae/metabolismo , Sacarose/metabolismo , Proteínas de Bactérias/classificação , Proteínas de Bactérias/genética , Fermentação , Filogenia
19.
Braz J Med Biol Res ; 43(5): 460-6, 2010 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20490433

RESUMO

The construction of a hexahistidine-tagged version of the B fragment of diphtheria toxin (DTB) represents an important step in the study of the biological properties of DTB because it will permit the production of pure recombinant DTB (rDTB) in less time and with higher yields than currently available. In the present study, the genomic DNA of the Corynebacterium diphtheriae Park Williams 8 (PW8) vaccine strain was used as a template for PCR amplification of the dtb gene. After amplification, the dtb gene was cloned and expressed in competent Escherichia coli M15 cells using the expression vector pQE-30. The lysate obtained from transformed E. coli cells containing the rDTB PW8 was clarified by centrifugation and purified by affinity chromatography. The homogeneity of the purified rDTB PW8 was confirmed by immunoblotting using mouse polyclonal anti-diphtheria toxoid antibodies and the immune response induced in animals with rDTB PW8 was evaluated by ELISA and dermonecrotic neutralization assays. The main result of the present study was an alternative and accessible method for the expression and purification of immunogenically reactive rDTB PW8 using commercially available systems. Data also provided preliminary evidence that rabbits immunized with rDTB PW8 are able to mount a neutralizing response against the challenge with toxigenic C. diphtheriae.


Assuntos
Corynebacterium diphtheriae/genética , Toxina Diftérica/genética , Regulação Bacteriana da Expressão Gênica/genética , Animais , Corynebacterium diphtheriae/classificação , DNA Bacteriano , Masculino , Camundongos , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase , Coelhos , Análise de Sequência de DNA
20.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 43(5): 460-466, May 2010. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-546334

RESUMO

The construction of a hexahistidine-tagged version of the B fragment of diphtheria toxin (DTB) represents an important step in the study of the biological properties of DTB because it will permit the production of pure recombinant DTB (rDTB) in less time and with higher yields than currently available. In the present study, the genomic DNA of the Corynebacterium diphtheriae Park Williams 8 (PW8) vaccine strain was used as a template for PCR amplification of the dtb gene. After amplification, the dtb gene was cloned and expressed in competent Escherichia coli M15™ cells using the expression vector pQE-30™. The lysate obtained from transformed E. coli cells containing the rDTB PW8 was clarified by centrifugation and purified by affinity chromatography. The homogeneity of the purified rDTB PW8 was confirmed by immunoblotting using mouse polyclonal anti-diphtheria toxoid antibodies and the immune response induced in animals with rDTB PW8 was evaluated by ELISA and dermonecrotic neutralization assays. The main result of the present study was an alternative and accessible method for the expression and purification of immunogenically reactive rDTB PW8 using commercially available systems. Data also provided preliminary evidence that rabbits immunized with rDTB PW8 are able to mount a neutralizing response against the challenge with toxigenic C. diphtheriae.


Assuntos
Animais , Masculino , Camundongos , Coelhos , Corynebacterium diphtheriae/genética , Toxina Diftérica/genética , Regulação Bacteriana da Expressão Gênica/genética , Corynebacterium diphtheriae/classificação , DNA Bacteriano , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase , Análise de Sequência de DNA
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