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1.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(15)2021 Jul 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34361017

RESUMO

Glycogen synthase kinase-3 beta (GSK-3ß) is an enzyme pertinently linked to neurodegenerative diseases since it is associated with the regulation of key neuropathological features in the central nervous system. Among the different kinds of inhibitors of this kinase, the allosteric ones stand out due to their selective and subtle modulation, lowering the chance of producing side effects. The mechanism of GSK-3ß allosteric modulators may be considered still vague in terms of elucidating a well-defined binding pocket and a bioactive pose for them. In this context, we propose to reinvestigate and reinforce such knowledge by the application of an extensive set of in silico methodologies, such as cavity detection, ligand 3D shape analysis and docking (with robust validation of corresponding protocols), and molecular dynamics. The results here obtained were consensually consistent in furnishing new structural data, in particular by providing a solid bioactive pose of one of the most representative GSK-3ß allosteric modulators. We further applied this to the prospect for new compounds by ligand-based virtual screening and analyzed the potential of the two obtained virtual hits by quantum chemical calculations. All potential hits achieved will be subsequently tested by in vitro assays in order to validate our approaches as well as to unveil novel chemical entities as GSK-3ß allosteric modulators.


Assuntos
Sítio Alostérico , Glicogênio Sintase Quinase 3 beta/química , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Fármacos Neuroprotetores/farmacologia , Regulação Alostérica , Inibidores Enzimáticos/química , Inibidores Enzimáticos/farmacologia , Glicogênio Sintase Quinase 3 beta/antagonistas & inibidores , Glicogênio Sintase Quinase 3 beta/metabolismo , Humanos , Fármacos Neuroprotetores/química , Ligação Proteica
2.
J Biomol Struct Dyn ; : 1-10, 2021 Mar 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33739225

RESUMO

This study aimed to evaluate the effect of a methoxylated fraction from Vellozia dasypus Seub on myeloperoxidase (MPO)-chlorinating activity and subsequent in silico assays for binding profile prediction. Therefore, the ethyl acetate extract of aerial parts from Vellozia dasypus Seub was fractionated on open-column chromatography containing SiO2 and eluted with solvent in crescent polarity to yield a fraction with a mixture of flavonols quercetin 3-O-methyl ether (1) and 6-C-methyl quercetin 3-O-methyl ether (2). Their chemical structures were proposed by HPLC coupled to photodiode array (HPLC-DAD) and mass spectrometer using electrospray ionization multistage analysis (HPLC-MS/MS). The fraction enriched with compounds 1 and 2 inhibited more efficiently the in vitro MPO-chlorinating activity (IC50 = 40 µg/mL) than the ethyl acetate extract (IC50 = 64.0 µg/mL). Molecular docking studies revealed that these compounds interact with MPO active pocket similarly to trifluoromethyl-substituted aromatic hydroxamate, a well-known MPO inhibitor, co-crystallized at the MPO binding site (PDB ID: 4C1M). Molecular dynamics trajectories confirmed that these two molecules interact with the MPO binding site with a similar energetic pattern when compared to the crystallographic ligand. Taken together, these data expand the sources of phenolic natural compounds that may be further investigated against inflammation-related diseases.Communicated by Ramaswamy H. Sarma.

3.
Curr Med Chem ; 28(29): 5884-5895, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33596793

RESUMO

This article presents a simplified view of integrins with emphasis on the α4 (α4ß1/VLA-4) integrin. Integrins are heterodimeric proteins expressed on the cell surface of leukocytes that participate in a wide variety of functions, such as survival, growth, differentiation, migration, inflammatory responses, tumour invasion, among others. When the extracellular matrix is degraded or deformed, cells are forced to undergo responsive changes that influence remodelling during physiological and pathological events. Integrins recognize these changes and trigger a series of cellular responses, forming a physical connection between the interior and the outside of the cell. The communication of integrins through the plasma membrane occurs in both directions, from the extracellular to the intracellular (outside-in) and from the intracellular to the extracellular (inside-out). Integrins are valid targets for antibodies and small-molecule antagonists. One example is the monoclonal antibody natalizumab, marketed under the name of TYSABRI®, used in the treatment of recurrent multiple sclerosis, which inhibits the adhesion of α4 integrin to its counter-receptor. α4ß1 Integrin antagonists are summarized here, and their utility as therapeutics are also discussed.


Assuntos
Integrina alfa4beta1 , Anticorpos Monoclonais , Adesão Celular , Integrina alfa4beta1/antagonistas & inibidores , Integrina alfa4beta1/fisiologia , Leucócitos
4.
J Biomol Struct Dyn ; : 1-23, 2021 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33427075

RESUMO

Cyclooxygenase 2 (COX-2) is a well-established target for the design of anti-inflammatory intermediates. Celecoxib was selected as a template molecule to perform ligand-based virtual screening, i.e. to search for structures with similarity in shape and electrostatic potential, with a gradual increase in accuracy through the combined fitting of several steps using eight commercial databases. The molecules ZINC408709 and ZINC2090319 reproduced values within the limits established in an initial study of absorption and distribution in the body. No alert was fired for possible toxic groups when these molecules were subjected to toxicity prediction. Molecular docking results with these compounds showed a higher binding affinity in comparison to rofecoxib for the COX-2 target. Additionally, ZINC408709 and ZINC2090319 were predicted to be potentially biologically active. In in silico prediction of endocrine disruption potential, it was established that the molecule ZINC2090319 binds strongly to the target related to cardiovascular risk in a desirable way as a non-steroidal antagonist and ZINC408709 binds strongly to the target that is associated with the treatment of inflammatory pathologies and similar to celecoxib. Metabolites generated from these compounds are less likely to have side effects. Simulations were used to evaluate the interaction of compounds with COX-1 and COX-2 during 200 ns. Despite the differences, ZINC408709 molecule showed better stability for COX-2 during molecular dynamics simulation. In the calculations of free energy MM/PBSA, the molecule ZINC408709 ΔGbind value has a higher affinity to celecoxib and rofecoxib COX-2. This demonstrates that the selected substances can be considered as promising COX-2 inhibitors. Communicated by Ramaswamy H. Sarma.

5.
J Mol Model ; 27(2): 26, 2021 Jan 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33410998

RESUMO

Flavonoids are a big class of natural product and have a wide range of biological activities. Some of these applications depend on its antioxidant capacity. Nevertheless, another mechanism can be involved by means of alkylation reaction on α,ß-unsaturated carbonyl system. This study aimed to evaluate the antioxidant capacity and the chemical reactivity among simplified flavonoid derivatives and isoxazolone analogous as Michael system by using B3LYP functional and 6-311 g(d,p) basis set. Frontier molecular orbital, ionization potential (IP), spin density contributions, and Fukui index explain the antioxidant capacity and reactivity index on isoxazolone and its related derivatives. The best contribution at ß-alkene moiety is related to better reactivity of α,ß-unsaturated carbonyl group. A decrease in antioxidant capacity is related to an increase in the chemical reactivity index. The frontier molecular orbitals show that aurone is more reactive than isoxazolone. In accordance with Fukui index, isoxazolone can be better inhibitor as Michael system when compared to flavonoid derivatives. Graphical abstract.


Assuntos
Flavonoides/química , Oxazóis/química , Teoria da Densidade Funcional , Modelos Moleculares
6.
J Biomol Struct Dyn ; 39(9): 3115-3127, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32338151

RESUMO

Adenosine A2A receptor (A2AR) is the predominant receptor in immune cells, where its activation triggers cAMP-mediated immunosuppressive signaling and the underlying inhibition of T cells activation and T cells-induced effects mediated by cAMP-dependent kinase proteins mechanisms. In this study, were used ADME/Tox, molecular docking and molecular dynamics simulations to investigate selective adenosine A2AR agonists as potential anti-inflammatory drugs. As a result, we obtained two promising compounds (A and B) that have satisfactory pharmacokinetic and toxicological properties and were able to interact with important residues of the A2AR binding cavity and during the molecular dynamics simulations were able to keep the enzyme complexed.Communicated by Ramaswamy H. Sarma.

7.
J Biomol Struct Dyn ; : 1-13, 2020 Nov 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33146078

RESUMO

Glioblastoma is an aggressive primary tumor of the central nervous system (CNS). Is the most aggressive among infiltrative gliomas arising from the CNS. This tumor has low patient survival rate and several studies aiming at developing new drugs have increased. Patients with this cancer type face significant morbidity and mortality. This study evaluated the antineoplastic activity of synthetic chalcones (3a-3f) using in vitro glioblastoma models and molecular modeling. Cytotoxicity assay showed that Astrocitoma Hospital Ofir Loyola No 1 (AHOL1) and Uppsala 87 neoplastic glioblastoma lines (U87) cellular viability were significantly reduced compared to Healthy human fibroblasts cell lines (AN27) when exposed to chalcones. Interaction with the serine amino acid was present in the most promising and the reference binder docking, suggesting its importance inhibiting cell growth. Comparative analysis between the reference ligands and the molecules showed that the amino acid LYS352 present in all fittings, suggesting that this is the main amino acid for interaction with tubulin and are consistent with those in cytotoxicity assay, suggesting antineoplastic potential in glioblastoma. Long trajectory molecular dynamics studies were also carried out in order to investigate stability and conformations amongst the chalcones bound tubulin as well, in comparison to doxorubicin (here used as control), however future studies are needed to further assess the mechanism of inhibition of chalcones used in this investigation.Communicated by Ramaswamy H. Sarma.

8.
Molecules ; 25(18)2020 Sep 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32932669

RESUMO

Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are inhibitors of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) that were developed in order to avoid the side effects of non-selective inhibitors of COX-1. Thus, the present study aims to identify new selective chemical entities for the COX-2 enzyme via molecular modeling approaches. The best pharmacophore model was used to identify compounds within the ZINC database. The molecular properties were determined and selected with Pearson's correlation for the construction of quantitative structure-activity relationship (QSAR) models to predict the biological activities of the compounds obtained with virtual screening. The pharmacokinetic/toxicological profiles of the compounds were determined, as well as the binding modes through molecular docking compared to commercial compounds (rofecoxib and celecoxib). The QSAR analysis showed a fit with R = 0.9617, R2 = 0.9250, standard error of estimate (SEE) = 0.2238, and F = 46.2739, with the tetra-parametric regression model. After the analysis, only three promising inhibitors were selected, Z-964, Z-627, and Z-814, with their predicted pIC50 (-log IC50) values, Z-814 = 7.9484, Z-627 = 9.3458, and Z-964 = 9.5272. All candidates inhibitors complied with Lipinski's rule of five, which predicts a good oral availability and can be used in in vitro and in vivo tests in the zebrafish model in order to confirm the obtained in silico data.


Assuntos
Inibidores de Ciclo-Oxigenase 2/farmacologia , Inflamação/tratamento farmacológico , Animais , Sítios de Ligação , Células CACO-2 , Celecoxib/farmacologia , Cães , Avaliação Pré-Clínica de Medicamentos , Humanos , Concentração Inibidora 50 , Lactonas/farmacologia , Células Madin Darby de Rim Canino , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Estrutura Molecular , Permeabilidade , Ligação Proteica , Relação Quantitativa Estrutura-Atividade , Análise de Regressão , Software , Sulfonas/farmacologia
9.
Pharmaceuticals (Basel) ; 13(9)2020 Aug 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32858871

RESUMO

The cyclooxygenase-2 receptor is a therapeutic target for planning potential drugs with anti-inflammatory activity. The selective cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) inhibitor rofecoxib was selected as a pivot molecule to perform virtual ligand-based screening from six commercial databases. We performed the search for similarly shaped Rapid Overlay of Chemical Structures (ROCS) and electrostatic (EON) compounds. After, we used pharmacokinetic and toxicological parameters to determine the best potential compounds, obtained through the softwares QikProp and Derek, respectively. Then, the compounds proceeded to the molecular anchorage study, which showed promising results of binding affinity with the hCOX-2 receptor: LMQC72 (∆G = -11.0 kcal/mol), LMQC36 (∆G = -10.6 kcal/mol), and LMQC50 (∆G = -10.2 kcal/mol). LMQC72 and LMQC36 showed higher binding affinity compared to rofecoxib (∆G = -10.4 kcal/mol). Finally, molecular dynamics (MD) simulations were used to evaluate the interaction of the compounds with the target hCOX-2 during 150 ns. In all MD simulation trajectories, the ligands remained interacting with the protein until the end of the simulation. The compounds were also complexing with hCOX-2 favorably. The compounds obtained the following affinity energy values: rofecoxib: ΔGbind = -45.31 kcal/mol; LMQC72: ΔGbind = -38.58 kcal/mol; LMQC36: ΔGbind = -36.10 kcal/mol; and LMQC50: ΔGbind = -39.40 kcal/mol. The selected LMQC72, LMQC50, and LMQC36 structures showed satisfactory pharmacokinetic results related to absorption and distribution. The toxicological predictions of these compounds did not display alerts for possible toxic groups and lower risk of cardiotoxicity compared to rofecoxib. Therefore, future in vitro and in vivo studies are needed to confirm the anti-inflammatory potential of the compounds selected here with bioinformatics approaches based on rofecoxib ligand.

10.
Molecules ; 25(5)2020 Mar 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32164183

RESUMO

Adenosine Receptor Type 2A (A2AAR) plays a role in important processes, such as anti-inflammatory ones. In this way, the present work aimed to search for compounds by pharmacophore-based virtual screening. The pharmacokinetic/toxicological profiles of the compounds, as well as a robust QSAR, predicted the binding modes via molecular docking. Finally, we used molecular dynamics to investigate the stability of interactions from ligand-A2AAR. For the search for A2AAR agonists, the UK-432097 and a set of 20 compounds available in the BindingDB database were studied. These compounds were used to generate pharmacophore models. Molecular properties were used for construction of the QSAR model by multiple linear regression for the prediction of biological activity. The best pharmacophore model was used by searching for commercial compounds in databases and the resulting compounds from the pharmacophore-based virtual screening were applied to the QSAR. Two compounds had promising activity due to their satisfactory pharmacokinetic/toxicological profiles and predictions via QSAR (Diverset 10002403 pEC50 = 7.54407; ZINC04257548 pEC50 = 7.38310). Moreover, they had satisfactory docking and molecular dynamics results compared to those obtained for Regadenoson (Lexiscan®), used as the positive control. These compounds can be used in biological assays (in vitro and in vivo) in order to confirm the potential activity agonist to A2AAR.


Assuntos
Receptores A2 de Adenosina/metabolismo , Adenosina/análogos & derivados , Adenosina/farmacologia , Agonistas do Receptor A2 de Adenosina/farmacologia , Humanos , Ligantes , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular/métodos , Simulação de Dinâmica Molecular , Relação Quantitativa Estrutura-Atividade
11.
Cent Nerv Syst Agents Med Chem ; 20(2): 128-143, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32065095

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Drugs used for Parkinson's disease (PD) are mainly responsible for only relieving major symptoms, but may present several side effects that are typical of such pharmacological treatment. METHODS: This study aimed to use in silico methods for drug designing inhibitors of the PD therapeutic target, monoamine oxidase B (MAO-B). Thus, 20 MAO-B inhibitors from the BindingDB database were selected followed by a calculation of their descriptors at DFT B3LYP/6-31G** level of theory. RESULTS: Statistical analysis considering a Pearson correlation matrix led to the selection of electrophilicity index as a descriptor related to the biological activity of inhibitors. Furthermore, based on the prediction of suitable ADME/Tox properties, the molecule CID 54583085 was selected as a template to carry out structural modifications to obtain 3 analogues, whereas molecules B and C showed significant improvement in mutagenicity and carcinogenicity, in relation to the template. CONCLUSION: Thus, it is concluded that the proposed modifications led us to satisfactory results, since there was an improvement in the toxicological properties of molecules, however, further studies must be carried out to evaluate their biological activities as possible MAO-B inhibitors for PD treatment.

12.
PLoS One ; 15(1): e0225514, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31929529

RESUMO

Based on ethnopharmacological studies, a lot of plants, as well as its compounds, have been investigated for the potential use as wound healing agents. In Brazil, Curatella americana is traditionally used by local people to treat wounds, ulcers and inflammations. However, to the best of our knowledge, its traditional use in the treatment of wounds has not been validated by a scientific study. Here, some compounds, many of them flavonoids, were identified in the hydroethanolic extract from the leaves of C. americana (HECA) by LC-HRMS and LC-MS/MS. Besides that, solutions containing different concentrations of HECA and a gel produced with this extract were evaluated for its antimicrobial, coagulant and wound healing activities on an excision mouse wound model as well as its acute dermal safety. A total of thirteen compounds were identified in HECA, mainly quercetin, kaempferol and glucoside derivatives of both, besides catechin and epicatechin known as wound healing agents. The group treated with 1% of HECA exhibited highest wound healing activity and best rate of wound contraction confirmed by histopathology results. The present study provides scientific evidence of, this extract (HECA) possess remarkable wound healing activity, thereby, supporting the traditional use.


Assuntos
Dilleniaceae/química , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Cicatrização/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Anti-Infecciosos/química , Anti-Infecciosos/farmacologia , Brasil , Catequina/isolamento & purificação , Cromatografia Líquida , Flavonoides/química , Flavonoides/farmacologia , Glucosídeos/química , Glucosídeos/isolamento & purificação , Humanos , Quempferóis/química , Quempferóis/isolamento & purificação , Camundongos , Extratos Vegetais/química , Folhas de Planta/química , Quercetina/química , Quercetina/isolamento & purificação , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem
13.
J Biomol Struct Dyn ; 38(16): 4687-4709, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31674282

RESUMO

Models validation in QSAR, pharmacophore, docking and others can ensure the accuracy and reliability of future predictions in design and selection of molecules with biological activity. In this study, pyriproxyfen was used as a pivot/template to search the database of the Maybridge Database for potential inhibitors of the enzymes acetylcholinesterase and juvenile hormone as well. The initial virtual screening based on the 3D shape resulted in 2000 molecules with Tanimoto index ranging from 0.58 to 0.88. A new reclassification was performed on the overlapping of positive and negative charges, which resulted in 100 molecules with Tanimoto's electrostatic score ranging from 0.627 to 0.87. Using parameters related to absorption, distribution, metabolism and excretion and the pivot molecule, the molecules selected in the previous stage were evaluated regarding these criteria, and 21 were then selected. The pharmacokinetic and toxicological properties were considered and for 12 molecules, the DEREK software not fired any alert of toxicity, which were thus considered satisfactory for prediction of biological activity using the Web server PASS. In the molecular docking with insect acetylcholinesterase, the Maybridge3_002654 molecule had binding affinity of -11.1 kcal/mol, whereas in human acetylcholinesterase, the Maybridge4_001571molecule show in silico affinity of -10.2 kcal/mol, and in the juvenile hormone, the molecule MCULE-8839595892 show in silico affinity value of -11.6 kcal/mol. Subsequent long-trajectory molecular dynamics studies indicated considerable stability of the novel molecules compared to the controls.AbbreviationsQSARquantitative structure-activity relationshipsPASSprediction of activity spectra for substancesCommunicated by Ramaswamy H. Sarma.


Assuntos
Inseticidas , Simulação de Dinâmica Molecular , Acetilcolinesterase , Humanos , Hormônios Juvenis , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Relação Quantitativa Estrutura-Atividade , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
14.
Molecules ; 24(16)2019 Aug 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31416180

RESUMO

Leukemias are neoplasms that affect hematopoietic cells, which are developed by genetic alterations (mutations) that lead to the loss of proliferation control mechanisms (maturation and/or cell death). The α4ß1 integrin receptor is a therapeutic target for inflammation, autoimmune diseases and lymphoid tumors. This study was carried out to search through the antagonists-based virtual screening for α4ß1 receptor. Initially, seventeen (17) structures were selected (based on the inhibitory activity values, IC50) and the structure with the best value was chosen as the pivot. The pharmacophoric pattern was determined from the online PharmaGist server and resulted in a model of score value equal to 97.940 with 15 pharmacophoric characteristics that were statistically evaluated via Pearson correlations, principal component analysis (PCA) and hierarchical clustering analysis (HCA). A refined model generated four pharmacophoric hypotheses totaling 1.478 structures set of Zinc_database. After, the pharmacokinetic, toxicological and biological activity predictions were realized comparing with pivot structure that resulted in five (ZINC72088291, ZINC68842860, ZINC14365931, ZINC09588345 and ZINC91247798) structures with optimal in silico predictions. Therefore, future studies are needed to confirm antitumor potential activity of molecules selected this work with in vitro and in vivo assays.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/química , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Simulação por Computador , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Peptídeos/química , Peptídeos/farmacologia , Análise por Conglomerados , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais/métodos , Humanos , Modelos Moleculares , Conformação Molecular , Estrutura Molecular , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
15.
Molecules ; 24(8)2019 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30991684

RESUMO

Inflammation is a complex reaction involving cellular and molecular components and an unspecific response to a specific aggression. The use of scientific and technological innovations as a research tool combining multidisciplinary knowledge in informatics, biotechnology, chemistry and biology are essential for optimizing time and reducing costs in the drug design. Thus, the integration of these in silico techniques makes it possible to search for new anti-inflammatory drugs with better pharmacokinetic and toxicological profiles compared to commercially used drugs. This in silico study evaluated the anti-inflammatory potential of two benzoylpropionic acid derivatives (MBPA and DHBPA) using molecular docking and their thermodynamic profiles by molecular dynamics, in addition to predicting oral bioavailability, bioactivity and toxicity. In accordance to our predictions the derivatives proposed here had the potential capacity for COX-2 inhibition in the human and mice enzyme, due to containing similar interactions with the control compound (ibuprofen). Ibuprofen showed toxic predictions of hepatotoxicity (in human, mouse and rat; toxicophoric group 2-arylacetic or 3-arylpropionic acid) and irritation of the gastrointestinal tract (in human, mouse and rat; toxicophoric group alpha-substituted propionic acid or ester) confirming the literature data, as well as the efficiency of the DEREK 10.0.2 program. Moreover, the proposed compounds are predicted to have a good oral bioavailability profile and low toxicity (LD50 < 700 mg/kg) and safety when compared to the commercial compound. Therefore, future studies are necessary to confirm the anti-inflammatory potential of these compounds.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/química , Benzoatos/química , Simulação por Computador , Inibidores de Ciclo-Oxigenase 2/química , Ciclo-Oxigenase 2/química , Ibuprofeno/química , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Propionatos/química , Animais , Humanos , Camundongos , Ratos
16.
Pharmaceuticals (Basel) ; 12(1)2019 Mar 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30871010

RESUMO

Tuberculosis (TB) is an infection caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis, responsible for 1.5 million documented deaths in 2016. The increase in reported cases of M. tuberculosis resistance to the main drugs show the need for the development of new and efficient drugs for better TB control. Based on these facts, this work aimed to use combined in silico techniques for the discovery of potential inhibitors to ß-ketoacyl-ACP synthase (MtKasA). Initially compounds from natural sources present in the ZINC database were selected, then filters were sequentially applied by virtual screening, initially with pharmacophoric modeling, and later the selected compounds (based on QFIT scores) were submitted to the DOCK 6.5 program. After recategorization of the variables (QFIT score and GRID score), compounds ZINC35465970 and ZINC31170017 were selected. These compounds showed great hydrophobic contributions and for each established system 100 ns of molecular dynamics simulations were performed and the binding free energy was calculated. ZINC35465970 demonstrated a greater capacity for the KasA enzyme inhibition, with a ΔGbind = -30.90 kcal/mol and ZINC31170017 presented a ΔGbind = -27.49 kcal/mol. These data can be used in other studies that aim at the inhibition of the same biological targets through drugs with a dual action.

17.
Molecules ; 24(1)2019 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30609687

RESUMO

A drug design for safer phenylbutazone was been explored by reactivity and docking studies involving single electron transfer mechanism, as well as toxicological predictions. Several approaches about its structural properties were performed through quantum chemistry calculations at the B3LYP level of theory, together with the 6-31+G(d,p) basis sets. Molecular orbital and ionization potential were associated to electron donation capacity. The spin densities contribution showed a preferential hydroxylation at the para-positions of phenyl ring when compared to other positions. In addition, on electron abstractions the aromatic hydroxylation has more impact than alkyl hydroxylation. Docking studies indicate that six structures 1, 7, 8 and 13⁻15 have potential for inhibiting human as well as murine COX-2, due to regions showing similar intermolecular interactions to the observed for the control compounds (indomethacin and refecoxib). Toxicity can be related to aromatic hydroxylation. In accordance to our calculations, the derivatives here proposed are potentially more active as well safer than phenylbutazone and only structures 8 and 13⁻15 were the most promising. Such results can explain the biological properties of phenylbutazone and support the design of potentially safer candidates.


Assuntos
Fenilbutazona/química , Fenilbutazona/farmacologia , Descoberta de Drogas/métodos , Humanos , Interações Hidrofóbicas e Hidrofílicas , Modelos Moleculares , Conformação Molecular , Estrutura Molecular , Fenilbutazona/efeitos adversos , Fenilbutazona/toxicidade , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
18.
J Biomol Struct Dyn ; 37(4): 966-981, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29493425

RESUMO

We have used docking (GLIDE), pharmacophore modeling (Discovery Studio), long trajectory molecular dynamics (Discovery Studio) and ADMET/Tox (QikProp and DEREK) to investigate PAD4 in order to determine potential novel inhibitors and hits. We have carried out virtual screening in the ZINC natural compounds database. Pharmacokinetics and Toxicity of the best hits were assessed using databases implemented in softwares that create models based on chemical structures taking into account consideration about the toxicophoric groups. A wide variety of pharmaceutical relevant properties are determined in order to make decisions about molecular suitability. After screening and analysis, the 6 most promising PAD4 inhibitors are suggested, with strong interactions (pi-stacking, hydrogen bonds, hydrophobic contacts) and suitable pharmacotherapeutic profile as well.


Assuntos
Desenho de Fármacos , Efeitos Colaterais e Reações Adversas Relacionados a Medicamentos/etiologia , Inibidores Enzimáticos/química , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Simulação de Dinâmica Molecular , Proteína-Arginina Desiminase do Tipo 4/efeitos adversos , Proteína-Arginina Desiminase do Tipo 4/antagonistas & inibidores , Domínio Catalítico , Bases de Dados de Produtos Farmacêuticos , Efeitos Colaterais e Reações Adversas Relacionados a Medicamentos/patologia , Ensaios de Triagem em Larga Escala/métodos , Humanos , Interações Hidrofóbicas e Hidrofílicas , Ligantes , Modelos Moleculares , Relação Quantitativa Estrutura-Atividade
19.
J Mol Model ; 24(9): 225, 2018 Aug 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30088101

RESUMO

Receptor-interacting protein kinase 2 (RIPK2) plays an essential role in autoimmune response and is suggested as a target for inflammatory diseases. A pharmacophore model was built from a dataset with ponatinib (template) and 18 RIPK2 inhibitors selected from BindingDB database. The pharmacophore model validation was performed by multiple linear regression (MLR). The statistical quality of the model was evaluated by the correlation coefficient (R), squared correlation coefficient (R2), explanatory variance (adjusted R2), standard error of estimate (SEE), and variance ratio (F). The best pharmacophore model has one aromatic group (LEU24 residue interaction) and two hydrogen bonding acceptor groups (MET98 and TYR97 residues interaction), having a score of 24.739 with 14 aligned inhibitors, which were used in virtual screening via ZincPharmer server and the ZINC database (selected in function of the RMSD value). We determined theoretical values of biological activity (logRA) by MLR, pharmacokinetic and toxicology properties, and made molecular docking studies comparing binding affinity (kcal/mol) results with the most active compound of the study (ponatinib) and WEHI-345. Nine compounds from the ZINC database show satisfactory results, yielding among those selected, the compound ZINC01540228, as the most promising RIPK2 inhibitor. After binding free energy calculations, the following molecular dynamics simulations showed that the receptor protein's backbone remained stable after the introduction of ligands.


Assuntos
Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Simulação de Dinâmica Molecular , Proteína Serina-Treonina Quinase 2 de Interação com Receptor , Linhagem Celular , Avaliação Pré-Clínica de Medicamentos/métodos , Humanos , Inflamação/tratamento farmacológico , Inflamação/enzimologia , Inflamação/patologia , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/química , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Proteína Serina-Treonina Quinase 2 de Interação com Receptor/antagonistas & inibidores , Proteína Serina-Treonina Quinase 2 de Interação com Receptor/química , Proteína Serina-Treonina Quinase 2 de Interação com Receptor/metabolismo
20.
Molecules ; 23(2)2018 Feb 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29463017

RESUMO

The Protein Kinase Receptor type 2 (RIPK2) plays an important role in the pathogenesis of inflammatory diseases; it signals downstream of the NOD1 and NOD2 intracellular sensors and promotes a productive inflammatory response. However, excessive NOD2 signaling has been associated with various diseases, including sarcoidosis and inflammatory arthritis; the pharmacological inhibition of RIPK2 is an affinity strategy that demonstrates an increased expression of pro-inflammatory secretion activity. In this study, a pharmacophoric model based on the crystallographic pose of ponatinib, a potent RIPK2 inhibitor, and 30 other ones selected from the BindingDB repository database, was built. Compounds were selected based on the available ZINC compounds database and in silico predictions of their pharmacokinetic, toxicity and potential biological activity. Molecular docking was performed to identify the probable interactions of the compounds as well as their binding affinity with RIPK2. The compounds were analyzed to ponatinib and WEHI-345, which also used as a control. At least one of the compounds exhibited suitable pharmacokinetic properties, low toxicity and an interesting binding affinity and high fitness compared with the crystallographic pose of WEHI-345 in complex with RIPK2. This compound also possessed suitable synthetic accessibility, rendering it a potential and very promising RIPK2 inhibitor to be further investigated in regards to different diseases, particularly inflammatory ones.


Assuntos
Imidazóis/química , Inflamação/tratamento farmacológico , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/química , Piridazinas/química , Proteína Serina-Treonina Quinase 2 de Interação com Receptor/antagonistas & inibidores , Cristalografia por Raios X , Humanos , Imidazóis/uso terapêutico , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/uso terapêutico , Piridazinas/uso terapêutico , Proteína Serina-Treonina Quinase 2 de Interação com Receptor/química , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Interface Usuário-Computador
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