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1.
Cien Saude Colet ; 26(3): 1127-1136, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33729365

RESUMO

The use of media by children in early childhood is increasingly common, and it is necessary to investigate the determinants of screen time, which is understood as the total child screen exposure time, including television and interactive media. This is a descriptive, exploratory, and cross-sectional study conducted with 180 children between 24 and 42 months of age, allocated in Group 1, less than two hours daily screen exposure time; Group 2, daily screen exposure time equal to or more than two hours. Bivariate and binary logistic regression analyses were performed. Screen time determining factors studied were family environment, evaluated with the Family Environment Resource Inventory; socioeconomic factors; nutritional status and child development status, evaluated with the Bayley III test. As a result, 63% of children had daily screen time exceeding two hours, and television still is the main culprit for children screen exposure. We observed that screen time exposure was positively associated with family resources, economic level, and language development. However, only the last two factors explained the longer screen time.

2.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 26(3): 1127-1136, mar. 2021. tab, graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1153811

RESUMO

Resumo O uso de mídias por crianças na primeira infância está cada vez mais habitual, o que torna necessário investigar os fatores determinantes para o tempo de tela, entendido como o tempo total pelo qual a criança permanece exposta a todas as telas, incluindo televisão e mídias interativas. Trata-se de um estudo transversal, descritivo e exploratório, realizado com 180 crianças, entre 24 a 42 meses de idade, alocadas em: Grupo 1, exposição à tela inferior a duas horas/dia; Grupo 2, exposição à tela igual/superior a duas horas/dia. Realizou-se análise bivariada e de regressão logística binária. Os fatores determinantes no tempo de tela estudados foram os recursos do ambiente familiar, investigado por meio do Inventário de Recursos do Ambiente Familiar; fatores socioeconômicos; estado nutricional e status do desenvolvimento infantil, mensurado pelo teste Bayley III. Como resultado verificou-se que 63% das crianças apresentaram tempo de tela superior a 2 horas/dia e que a televisão ainda é a principal responsável pela exposição das crianças às telas. Observou-se que o tempo de exposição à tela esteve positivamente associado aos recursos familiares, nível econômico e desenvolvimento da linguagem. Entretanto, apenas os dois últimos fatores explicaram o maior tempo de tela.


Abstract The use of media by children in early childhood is increasingly common, and it is necessary to investigate the determinants of screen time, which is understood as the total child screen exposure time, including television and interactive media. This is a descriptive, exploratory, and cross-sectional study conducted with 180 children between 24 and 42 months of age, allocated in Group 1, less than two hours daily screen exposure time; Group 2, daily screen exposure time equal to or more than two hours. Bivariate and binary logistic regression analyses were performed. Screen time determining factors studied were family environment, evaluated with the Family Environment Resource Inventory; socioeconomic factors; nutritional status and child development status, evaluated with the Bayley III test. As a result, 63% of children had daily screen time exceeding two hours, and television still is the main culprit for children screen exposure. We observed that screen time exposure was positively associated with family resources, economic level, and language development. However, only the last two factors explained the longer screen time.

3.
Rev Paul Pediatr ; 38: e2018165, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31778410

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To describe the prevalence of interactive media (tablets and smartphones) use by children aged two to four years old, as well as to characterize this use, and investigate habits, practices, parents' participation and opinion about their child's interactive media use. METHODS: A cross-sectional study with 244 parents or legal guardians of children enrolled in daycare centers in a small Brazilian municipality was conducted. A questionnaire based on interactive media use and related habits were applied, and economic level was assessed. Children were divided into three different groups according to media use: Group 1 did not use (n=81); Group 2 uses up to 45 min/day (n=83) and Group 3 uses more than 45 min/day (n=80). Then, they were compared with regard to the sociodemographic variables and media use by the Chi-square test and Student's t-test. RESULTS: The prevalence of interactive media use was 67.2%, with a mean time of use of 69.2 minutes/day (confidence interval of 95% - 95%CI 57.1-81.2). The activities most performed were watching videos (55%), listening to music (33%) and playing games (28%). Most parents reported allowing media use in order to stimulate their child's development (58.4%), accompanying them during use (75.2%), and limiting media time (86.4%). CONCLUSIONS: We observed high interactive media use prevalence. The predominant way of using these devices was marked by parent-child participation. Most parents reported believing in the benefits of interactive media. Passive activities were more frequent, with restricted time of use.


Assuntos
Creches/organização & administração , Meios de Comunicação de Massa/estatística & dados numéricos , Aplicativos Móveis/estatística & dados numéricos , Pais/psicologia , Brasil/epidemiologia , Creches/estatística & dados numéricos , Pré-Escolar , Computadores de Mão/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Transversais , Estudos Epidemiológicos , Feminino , Hábitos , Humanos , Masculino , Aplicativos Móveis/tendências , Prevalência , Smartphone/estatística & dados numéricos , Inquéritos e Questionários
4.
J Mot Behav ; 52(2): 196-203, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31007146

RESUMO

To evaluate whether frequent interactive tablet-use at preschool age is associated with improved fine motor skills and to describe tablet-use in young children. Cross-sectional study with 78 children, aged 24-42 months: group 1 with previous frequent tablet-use exposure (n = 26), group 2 without previous tablet-use exposure (n = 52). Fine motor skills were evaluated with the Bayley-III. Socioeconomic data and home environment quality were similar in both groups. Fine motor skills of group 1 were better than those of group 2 (p = 0.013). Most participating children carried out passive and active tablet activities, usually accompanied by parents, not exceeding time recommendations for young age. We observed a difference in fine motor skills in young children slightly favoring those with tablet-use experience.

5.
Motriz (Online) ; 26(4): e10200095, 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1143320

RESUMO

Abstract Aim: to investigate through a systematic review of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) the effects of interactive media on the cognitive, language, and motor development of children and adolescents. Methods: Searches were performed with the Medline, AMED, Embase, PEDro, Cochrane, Psychinfo, and ERIC databases in May 2017 with updated in July 2020. For the search strategy, we used descriptors related to "randomized controlled trial", "interactive media" and "children and adolescents up to 18 years old". RCTs that investigated the effectiveness of interactive media in cognitive, motor, and language development of children and adolescents up to 18 years of age with typical development were included. When appropriate, meta-analyses were conducted using a random-effects model. Pooled data were presented using standardized mean difference and 95% confidence interval. We assessed the quality of evidence using the GRADE methodology and the methodological quality using the PEDro scale. Results: of the trials found, 14 references were eligible for this study. The GRADE methodology was used in 13 RCTs. Estimates showed a low level of evidence of a small effect of media use on cognitive development compared to that in the control group and another intervention. No effect on motor and language development. Conclusion: The results of this systematic review do not support claims about the advantages or disadvantages of interactive media in child development. High-quality evidence was found that interactive media is not superior to other interventions for cognitive and language development outcomes and quality of moderate evidence for motor and language development.

6.
Rev. Paul. Pediatr. (Ed. Port., Online) ; 38: e2018165, 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1057215

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Objective: To describe the prevalence of interactive media (tablets and smartphones) use by children aged two to four years old, as well as to characterize this use, and investigate habits, practices, parents' participation and opinion about their child's interactive media use. Methods: A cross-sectional study with 244 parents or legal guardians of children enrolled in daycare centers in a small Brazilian municipality was conducted. A questionnaire based on interactive media use and related habits were applied, and economic level was assessed. Children were divided into three different groups according to media use: Group 1 did not use (n=81); Group 2 uses up to 45 min/day (n=83) and Group 3 uses more than 45 min/day (n=80). Then, they were compared with regard to the sociodemographic variables and media use by the Chi-square test and Student's t-test. Results: The prevalence of interactive media use was 67.2%, with a mean time of use of 69.2 minutes/day (confidence interval of 95% - 95%CI 57.1-81.2). The activities most performed were watching videos (55%), listening to music (33%) and playing games (28%). Most parents reported allowing media use in order to stimulate their child's development (58.4%), accompanying them during use (75.2%), and limiting media time (86.4%). Conclusions: We observed high interactive media use prevalence. The predominant way of using these devices was marked by parent-child participation. Most parents reported believing in the benefits of interactive media. Passive activities were more frequent, with restricted time of use.


RESUMO Objetivo: Descrever a prevalência do uso de mídias interativas (tablets e smartphones) pelas crianças de dois a quatro anos de idade, assim como caracterizar esse uso, investigar hábitos, práticas, participação e opinião dos pais acerca da sua utilização. Métodos: Estudo transversal com 244 pais ou responsáveis de crianças matriculadas em creches de um município brasileiro de pequeno porte. Foi aplicado um questionário sobre hábitos de utilização de mídias interativas e investigação do nível econômico. As crianças foram divididas em 3 grupos de acordo com o uso das mídias: grupo 1 - não utiliza; grupo 2 - utiliza até 45 minutos por dia; e grupo 3 - utiliza mais do que 45 minutos por dia. Os grupos foram comparados quanto às variáveis sociodemográficas e de caracterização do uso das mídias por meio dos testes do qui-quadrado e t de Student. Resultados: A prevalência do uso de mídias interativas foi de 67,2%, com tempo médio de utilização de 69,2 minutos por dia (intervalo de confiança de 95% - IC95% 57,1-81,2). As atividades mais realizadas foram: ver vídeos (55%), escutar músicas (33%) e jogar games (28%). A maioria dos pais relatou permitir a utilização da mídia para estimular o desenvolvimento do seu filho (58,4%), acompanhá-lo durante o uso (75,2%) e limitar o tempo com a mídia (86,4%). Conclusões: Observou-se elevada prevalência do uso de mídias interativas. A forma predominante de utilização das mídias envolve conjuntamente crianças e pais, os quais acreditam nos seus efeitos benéficos. Atividades passivas são as mais realizadas, com restrição do tempo de uso.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pré-Escolar , Pais/psicologia , Creches/organização & administração , Aplicativos Móveis/estatística & dados numéricos , Meios de Comunicação de Massa/estatística & dados numéricos , Brasil/epidemiologia , Estudos Epidemiológicos , Creches/estatística & dados numéricos , Prevalência , Estudos Transversais , Inquéritos e Questionários , Computadores de Mão/estatística & dados numéricos , Aplicativos Móveis/tendências , Smartphone/estatística & dados numéricos , Hábitos
7.
Rev Saude Publica ; 53: 73, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31553377

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess the effects of the lian gong practice as a rehabilitation strategy in primary health care on the quality of life and functional capacity of people with dizziness. METHODS: Randomized controlled clinical trial. Thirty-six people, who were complaining of dizziness or vertigo without the presence of central signs and were referred by the physician of primary health care participated in the study. The individuals were randomly allocated to the three experimental conditions: lian gong group (n = 11), vestibular rehabilitation group (n = 11) and control group (n = 14). The interventions were weekly, in group, with duration of 12 sessions. The participants were evaluated before and after the intervention regarding quality of life by the 36-Item Short Form Health Survey and the functional capacity by the Short Physical Performance Battery. RESULTS: The scores of all domains of the Short Form Health Survey increased after intervention in the lian gong group. This variation was higher than that observed in the control group for the domains functional capacity, limitation by physical aspects and general health status, and also higher than that found after the intervention in the Vestibular Rehabilitation Group regarding pain. No differences were found in the Short Physical Performance Battery. CONCLUSIONS: Based on the results presented, lian gong improves the quality of life of individuals with dizziness, without altering the functional capacity.


Assuntos
Tontura/reabilitação , Terapia por Exercício/métodos , Atenção Primária à Saúde/métodos , Qualidade de Vida , Vertigem/reabilitação , Idoso , Análise de Variância , Brasil , Tontura/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Desempenho Físico Funcional , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Inquéritos e Questionários , Resultado do Tratamento , Vertigem/fisiopatologia
8.
Rev. saúde pública (Online) ; 53: 73, jan. 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1043323

RESUMO

ABSTRACT OBJECTIVE To assess the effects of the lian gong practice as a rehabilitation strategy in primary health care on the quality of life and functional capacity of people with dizziness. METHODS Randomized controlled clinical trial. Thirty-six people, who were complaining of dizziness or vertigo without the presence of central signs and were referred by the physician of primary health care participated in the study. The individuals were randomly allocated to the three experimental conditions: lian gong group (n = 11), vestibular rehabilitation group (n = 11) and control group (n = 14). The interventions were weekly, in group, with duration of 12 sessions. The participants were evaluated before and after the intervention regarding quality of life by the 36-Item Short Form Health Survey and the functional capacity by the Short Physical Performance Battery. RESULTS The scores of all domains of the Short Form Health Survey increased after intervention in the lian gong group. This variation was higher than that observed in the control group for the domains functional capacity, limitation by physical aspects and general health status, and also higher than that found after the intervention in the Vestibular Rehabilitation Group regarding pain. No differences were found in the Short Physical Performance Battery. CONCLUSIONS Based on the results presented, lian gong improves the quality of life of individuals with dizziness, without altering the functional capacity.


RESUMO OBJETIVO Avaliar os efeitos da prática do lian gong como estratégia de reabilitação na atenção primária à saúde sobre a qualidade de vida e capacidade funcional de pessoas com tontura. MÉTODOS Trata-se de ensaio clínico randomizado-controlado. Participaram 36 voluntários, com queixa de tontura ou vertigem sem a presença de sinais centrais, encaminhados pelo médico da atenção primária à saúde. Os indivíduos foram aleatoriamente alocados para as três condições experimentais: grupo lian gong (n = 11), grupo reabilitação vestibular (n = 11) e grupo controle (n = 14). As intervenções foram semanais, em grupo, com duração de 12 sessões. Os participantes foram avaliados antes e após a intervenção quanto à qualidade de vida pelo 36-Item Short Form Health Survey e quanto à capacidade funcional pelo Short Physical Performance Battery. RESULTADOS Observou-se aumento dos scores de todos os domínios do Short Form Health Survey após intervenção no grupo lian gong. Essa variação foi maior que a observada no grupo controle para os domínios capacidade funcional, limitação por aspectos físicos e estado geral de saúde, e também superior à encontrada após a intervenção grupo reabilitação vestibular no domínio dor. Não houveram diferenças no Short Physical Performance Battery. CONCLUSÕES Com base nos resultados apresentados, o lian gong melhora a qualidade de vida de indivíduos com tontura, sem alterar a capacidade funcional.

9.
J Voice ; 33(1): 73-79, 2019 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29122417

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine if voice amplification influenced vocal dose in female teachers with dysphonia. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This was an experimental study with comparative intrasubjects in which 15 individuals were compared in two different moments: condition 1 (C1) without voice amplification and condition 2 (C2) with voice amplification. All of them were female, kindergarten and elementary school teachers who presented organic or functional dysphonia. The search was carried out at the school where the teachers work. The professional voice use was considered the teachers' activity for a continuous period of two classes (average recording time of 96 minutes, with no difference in time between C1 and C2). To measure the dose we used the vocal dosimeter composed of a microphone, an accelerometer fixed to the neck, and a portable unit that stores the vocal data. The phonation data (intensity, fundamental frequency, phonation percentage, cycle dose, and distance dose) were analyzed by the equipment software (VoxLog). RESULTS: The use of vocal amplification in teachers promotes a reduction of the fundamental frequency (295.6-267.7 Hz), the voice intensity (96.2-93.3 dB sound pressure level), the cycle doses (489.4-345.2 thousand cycles per second), and distance doses (3,800-2,300 m). CONCLUSION: The vocal amplification allows the teacher to maintain the same phonation time (phonation percentage) but decreases the number of vocal fold oscillations (cycle dose) and the total distance traveled by the vocal fold tissue during phonation (distance dose), reducing the exposure of the vocal folds to voice trauma.


Assuntos
Amplificadores Eletrônicos , Disfonia/fisiopatologia , Prega Vocal/fisiologia , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos
10.
J Voice ; 33(2): 214-219, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29290547

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate if noise interferes with the vocal dose in women without vocal complaints. STUDY DESIGN: This is an experimental and comparative study. METHODS: Data were collected on 27 women between 22 and 50 years of age without vocal complaints in a university classroom. Speech-language pathology evaluation was performed employing auditory-perceptual analysis and a vocal symptom questionnaire. The acoustics of the classroom were evaluated via both observation of the characteristics of the room and the quantification of background noise and reverberation time. Two distinctive acoustic conditions were created for evaluations: condition 1, a room without acoustic treatment and without noise reproduction, and condition 2, a room without acoustic treatment with noise reproduction. Each participant was evaluated individually in both acoustic conditions. To obtain vocal dose data, a vocal dosimeter was used. Subjects were asked to perform two 10-minute readings, one in each acoustic condition. The order of conditions was randomized between subjects. Subjects were instructed to complete the reading tasks at the vocal intensity deemed appropriate to be heard by a listener in the back of the room. t Tests and the Wilcoxon test were employed to compare parameters across subjects and conditions. RESULTS: Fundamental frequency, vocal intensity, percentage of phonation, and cycle dose significantly increased in the background noise condition. CONCLUSION: A positive relation between vocal dose and the presence of excessive noise in the environment was observed.


Assuntos
Acústica , Arquitetura de Instituições de Saúde , Ruído/efeitos adversos , Fonação , Professores Escolares , Qualidade da Voz , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Movimento (Física) , Medida da Produção da Fala , Patologia da Fala e Linguagem/métodos , Vibração , Adulto Jovem
11.
HU rev ; 45(4): 381-388, 2019.
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1051262

RESUMO

Introdução: O diabetes mellitus (DM) é uma das doenças que mais demandam ações, procedimentos e serviços de saúde. Por ser uma condição crônica, tais situações relacionadas ao DM acarretam altos gastos para o sistema de saúde e constituem um fardo global para a saúde pública com impacto significativo nas economias dos estados. Objetivo: Investigar a prevalência de DM na população do Vale do Jequitinhonha, Minas Gerais, Brasil, e identificar o perfil dos indivíduos entrevistados pela PAD-MG relacionando a presença de DM entre os entrevistados com as características socioeconômicas, demográficas e condições de saúde. Material e Métodos: Realizou-se um estudo secundário de análise dos dados de indivíduos do Vale do Jequitinhonha que relataram ter diabetes na PAD-MG, realizada em 2013 pela Fundação João Pinheiro. Utilizou-se a estatística descritiva para caracterização da amostra e análises bivariadas. Para as variáveis categóricas foi realizado o teste Qui-quadrado e para as variáveis quantitativas foi realizado o teste Mann-Whitney. A regressão binária logística foi realizada considerando o nível de significância p≤0,001. Resultados: A prevalência de DM na mesorregião do Jequitinhonha foi de 4,2%. Houve associação (p<0,001) entre a variável resposta e as variáveis sexo, idade, hipertensão, doenças cardíacas, percepção de saúde regular ou ruim e internação no último ano. Conclusão: O DM mostrou-se prevalente na mesorregião do Jequitinhonha e apresentou associação estatística com as características socioeconômicas, demográficas e condições de saúde estudadas.


Introduction: Diabetes mellitus (DM) is one of the diseases that most demands actions, procedures and health services. As a chronic condition, such DM-related situations entail high health care spending and constitute a global public health burden with significant impact on state economies. Objective: To investigate the prevalence of DM in the population of Jequitinhonha Valley (MG), Brazil, and to identify the profile of individuals interviewed by PAD-MG relating the presence of diabetes among respondents with socioeconomic, demographic and health conditions. Material and Methods: A secondary study was conducted to analyze data from individuals from Vale do Jequitinhonha who reported having diabetes in PAD-MG, conducted in 2013 by the João Pinheiro Foundation. Descriptive statistics were used for sample characterization and bivariate analyzes. For categorical variables, the chi-square test was performed and for quantitative variables, the Mann-Whitney test was performed. Logistic binary regression was performed considering the significance level p≤0.001. Results: The prevalence of DM in the Jequitinhonha mesoregion was 4.2%. There was an association (p<0.001) between the response variable and the variables gender, age, hypertension, heart disease, perception of regular or poor health and hospitalization in the last year. Conclusion: DM was prevalent in the Jequitinhonha mesoregion and was statistically associated with the socioeconomic, demographic and health conditions studied.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Sistemas de Saúde , Gastos em Saúde , Assistência à Saúde , Diabetes Mellitus , Serviços de Saúde
12.
Audiol., Commun. res ; 23: e2032, 2018. tab, graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-983898

RESUMO

RESUMO Objetivos Investigar, na literatura, a efetividade de tratamentos usados para reabilitação vestibular (RV) na atenção primária à saúde. Estratégia de pesquisa A busca de publicações sobre RV na APS foi realizada nas bases de dados eletrônicas MEDLINE (acesso pela PubMed), PEDro e Web of Science. Critérios de seleção Foram selecionados ensaios clínicos controlados nas línguas inglesa, espanhola e portuguesa. A qualidade metodológica dos estudos foi avaliada pela escala PEDro. A análise dos resultados foi contemplada por meio de revisão crítica dos conteúdos. Resultados Cinco estudos foram revisados na íntegra, sendo a faixa etária dos participantes igual ou superior a 18 anos (n=5). A Vertigo Symptom Scale (60%) e a Escala Visual Analógica (40%) foram os instrumentos empregados para avaliar a percepção subjetiva da sintomatologia da disfunção vestibular. A escala PEDro revelou que dois artigos apresentaram delineamento de boa qualidade para condução do estudo experimental. A proposta de intervenção mais utilizada foi baseada nos exercícios de Yardley (60%). Conclusão Estudos controlados disponibilizam evidências de efeitos positivos da reabilitação vestibular na atenção primária à saúde, com melhoras no controle postural, capacidade funcional e qualidade de vida dos participantes.


ABSTRACT Purpose Investigate in the literature the effectiveness of treatments used for vestibular rehabilitation (VR) in PHC. Research strategy The search of publications on VR in PHC was carried out in electronic databases MEDLINE (access by PubMed), PEDro and Web of Science. Selection criteria Controlled clinical trials were selected in English, Spanish and Portuguese. The methodological quality of the studies was evaluated using the PEDro scale. The analysis of the results was examined through a critical review of the contents. Results Five studies were reviewed in their entirety, with the participants' age group being equal to or older than 18 years (n = 5). The Vertigo Symptom Scale and (60%) and Visual Analog Scale (40%) were the instruments used to evaluate the subjective perception of the symptomatology of vestibular dysfunction. The PEDro Scale revealed that two articles presented a good quality design for conducting the experimental study. The most used intervention proposal was the Yardley Exercises (60%). Conclusion Controlled studies provide evidence of positive effects of VR on PHC, with improvements in postural control, functional capacity and quality of life of participants.


Assuntos
Humanos , Atenção Primária à Saúde , Doenças Vestibulares/reabilitação , Vertigem/etiologia , Tontura/etiologia , Efetividade
13.
Distúrb. comun ; 29(4): 759-771, dez. 2017. tab, ilus
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-882454

RESUMO

Objetivo: testar a efetividade do Programa Fonoaudiológico de Formação de Professores. Métodos: trata-se de um ensaio prospectivo que contou com a participação de 70 professores do ensino fundamental. O programa consta de 10 módulos e tem o objetivo de instrumentalizar os professores quanto ao desenvolvimento da linguagem oral e escrita. Os módulos tiveram duração de 2 horas cada um, que somados a 10 horas de atividades complementares, totalizou 30 horas. Para verificar a efetividade do programa, os professores responderam ao questionário "Percepção de Professores em Linguagem" que possui 10 questões de casos hipotéticos envolvendo alunos do ensino fundamental, antes e após a participação no mesmo. A partir do questionário foram criados os índices de percepção global (IPG), de alterações da linguagem oral (IPLO) e da linguagem escrita (IPLE) e do desenvolvimento adequado (IPDA). Os dados foram submetidos à análise estatística descritiva e inferencial. Resultados: Observou-se diferença estatisticamente significante pré e pós-formação nos índices IPLO, IPLE e IPG. Os professores não apresentaram diferenças no índice IPDA. Conclusão: A percepção do professor sobre os aspectos de desenvolvimento da linguagem oral e escrita mudou de forma significativa pós-participação no programa. O estudo mostra a relevância do programa de formação para os professores do ensino fundamental com efetividade na mudança da percepção frente a casos de alterações da linguagem oral e escrita.


Purpose: To test the effectiveness of the Speech Therapy Program for Teacher Training. Methods: It is a prospective essay which had the participation of 70 teachers of elementary school. The program consists of 10 modules and it aims to train the teachers in relation to the development of the oral and writing language. The modules lasted 2 hours each, which combined with 10 hours of complementary activities, totaled 30 hours. To verify the effectiveness of the program, the teachers answered a questionnaire named "Teacher Perception in Language", which has 10 questions about hypothetical cases involving elementary school students, before and after the participation in it. From the questionnaire, the following indexes were created: the Global Perception Index (IPG), Oral Language Perception Index (IPLO), Writing Language Perception Index (IPLE) and Appropriated Development Perception Index (IPDA). The data were subjected to descriptive and inferential statistical analysis. Results: There was a statistically significant difference before and after the formation on the indexes IPLO, IPLE and IPG. The teachers did not show any differences on the IPDA index. Conclusion: The teacher perception about the development of the oral and writing language aspects changed significantly after his/her participation in the program. The study shows the relevance of the training program for elementary school teacher with effectiveness on the changing of the perception regarding the cases of oral and writing language alterations.


Objectivo: Probar la eficacia de el Programa de Terapia del Habla y la formación del profesorado. Métodos: Se trata de un estudio prospectivo con la participación de 70 profesores de la escuela primaria. El programa consta de 10 módulos y tiene como objetivo dotar a los profesores para el desarrollo del lenguaje oral y escrito. Los módulos duró 2 horas cada una, lo que combinado con 10 horas de actividades complementarias, ascendió a 30 horas. Para comprobar la eficacia del programa, los maestros respondieron el cuestionario "La percepción del profesor de la Lenguaje", que tiene 10 preguntas de casos hipotéticos que implican estudiantes de la escuela primaria, antes y después de la participación. Del cuestionario se crearon los índices de percepción globales (IPG), los cambios en el lenguaje oral (IPLO) y el lenguaje escrito (IPLE) y el desarrollo apropiado (IPDA). Los datos fueron sometidos a un análisis estadístico descriptivo y inferencial. Resultados: Se observó antes y después de la formación de la diferencia estadísticamente significativa de los índices IPLO, y IPLE IPG. Los maestros no mostraron diferencias en el índice de IPDA. Conclusión: La percepción del maestro en los aspectos del desarrollo del lenguaje oral y escrito ha cambiado significativamente después de la participación en el programa. El estudio muestra la importancia del programa de capacitación para maestros de escuelas primarias con eficacia en el cambio de la percepción de la parte delantera de los casos de cambios en el lenguaje oral y escrito.


Assuntos
Humanos , Educação Continuada , Docentes , Desenvolvimento da Linguagem , Transtornos da Linguagem , Serviços de Saúde Escolar , Fonoaudiologia
14.
Rev. CEFAC ; 19(3): 429-438, mai.-jun. 2017. graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-896461

RESUMO

RESUMO O objetivo da pesquisa foi realizar uma revisão da literatura referente aos tipos de dose vocal e aos resultados destas medidas em diferentes situações comunicativas. Houve levantamento da literatura nacional e internacional, publicada nos idiomas Inglês, Espanhol ou Português, utilizando-se as bases de dados MEDLINE, LILACS, IBECS e ISI (Web of Science), dos últimos 21 anos, cujos artigos estavam disponíveis na íntegra. Quinze estudos contemplaram os critérios propostos. A maioria dos artigos estudou professores, visto que são mais vulneráveis para a ocorrência de disfonia. Os tipos de dose encontrados foram porcentagem de fonação, dose temporal, dose cíclica, dose de distância, dose de energia radiada e dose de energia dissipada. O aumento da dose vocal está associado ao uso excessivo e prolongado da voz na atividade docente, principalmente entre os professores da educação infantil e os de canto. As altas doses vocais correlacionam-se também à presença de disfonia, ao maior nível de ruído ambiental, à grande variação prosódica na fala e à autopercepção de fadiga vocal. Pacientes com disfonia comportamental (nódulos e pólipos) apresentam maiores doses vocais que pacientes com outros quadros disfônicos. Fatores como repouso de voz e uso do amplificador vocal indicam a diminuição da dose da voz.


ABSTRACT This study aimed to perform a literature review about the vocal doses and the behavior of these measurements in different communicative situations. A review on MEDLINE, LILACS, IBECS and ISI Web of Science databases of the literature written in English, Spanish and Portuguese, within the past twenty-one years, of articles which were fully available, was performed. Fifteen studies met the set criteria. The majority of the articles studied teachers, since they belong to a vulnerable group for dysphonia. The doses found were phonation percentage, time dose, cycle dose, distance dose, energy dissipation dose and radiated energy dose. The vocal dose increase is associated with an excessive and prolonged voice use in teaching activity, especially when teaching young children and teaching music. The high vocal doses are also associated with the presence of dysphonia, the background noise, the large prosodic variation in speech and the self-perception of vocal fatigue. Patients with behavioral dysphonia (nodes and polyps) present higher vocal doses than patients with other types of dysphonia. Factors such as voice rest and use of voice amplifiers indicate a decrease of vocal dose.

15.
Rev. CEFAC ; 19(3): 320-329, mai.-jun. 2017. tab, graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-896467

RESUMO

RESUMO Objetivo: avaliar a associação entre o desenvolvimento infantil e riscos biológicos e ambientais. Métodos: foram selecionadas 30 crianças (0 a 30 meses), residentes em uma cidade no Vale do Jequitinhonha, Minas Gerais, Brasil, atendidas pelo Centro Viva Vida de Referência Secundária. Os critérios de inclusão foram: crianças que tinham história clínica de prematuridade e/ou desnutrição moderada à grave e outros fatores neonatais de risco. As crianças foram avaliadas quanto ao desenvolvimento por meio do teste Denver II e a qualidade de estímulo no ambiente domiciliar foi avaliada pelo Home Observation for Measurement of the Environment (HOME). Resultados: das 30 crianças avaliadas, 60% dos ambientes foram considerados de risco para o desenvolvimento infantil e 43,3% apresentou desenvolvimento inadequado. O principal domínio afetado foi o da linguagem. Maior escolaridade materna, constituição familiar biparental apresentaram associação com o adequado desenvolvimento infantil. A presença de intercorrências neonatais e necessidade de internação no centro de terapia intensiva foram mais presentes nas crianças que falharam no teste. A menor receptividade dos pais e disponibilidade de materiais para aprendizagem no domicílio foram fatores associados ao pior desempenho das crianças no Denver II. Conclusão: as crianças de alto risco do presente estudo apresentaram atraso no desenvolvimento, especialmente no domínio linguagem. Esses atrasos estão associados à baixa escolaridade materna, à relação monoparental, receptividade dos pais e intercorrências neonatais.


ABSTRACT Objective: to verify the association between infant development and biological and environmental risks. Methods: 30 children between 0-30 months, living in a town in Minas Gerais, Brazil, attending a Health Center, were selected. The inclusion criteria were children who had a history of prematurity and/or, moderate to severe malnutrition and other risk factors. Their development was assessed through the Denver II test and the quality of stimulation in the home environment assessed by the Home Observation for Measurement of the Environment (HOME). Results: 60% of the environments were considered to be at risk for child development and 43.3% presented inadequate development. The main domain affected was the language. Higher maternal education and bi-parental families showed a relationship with proper child development. Neonatal complications and hospitalization in intensive care units were more common in children who failed the test. The parents' low receptivity and the availability of materials at home were factors associated with the children's worst development performance. Conclusion: the results show that the high-risk children in this study had a developmental delay, especially in the language area. These delays are associated with low maternal education, single-parent home, parents' responsiveness and neonatal complications.

16.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 83(1): 29-37, Jan.-Feb. 2017. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-839399

RESUMO

Abstract Introduction The state of Minas Gerais, Brazil has no data on the prevalence of dizziness in the population and this information can be fundamental as the basis of public health policies, promotion, prevention and rehabilitation campaigns. Objective Investigate the prevalence of the symptom of dizziness in the population of Minas Gerais according to Sample Survey of Households, as well as describe the profile of interviewed individuals and the association between dizziness and socioeconomic, demographic features and health status. Methods This was a cross-sectional observational study that analyzed individuals with dizziness symptom reported in the previous month. The data entered in the Sample Survey of Households of 2011 were analyzed. An independent statistical association was determined between the selected variables and dizziness through multivariate analysis. Results Dizziness was the third major complaint among individuals who mentioned any health problems in the previous month, with an estimated population of 209,025 individuals and reported by 6.7% of symptomatic ones, with higher prevalence values only reported for the symptoms of fever and headache. Among individuals who reported dizziness, 94% were adults or elderly (p ≤ 0.001) and 63% were females (p = 0.003). A statistically significant association (p < 0.001) was observed between the response variable and the variables: self-perceived health, hypertension, heart disease, diabetes, depression, seeking or requiring medical or health care in the previous month and private health care plan or insurance. Among individuals with dizziness, 84.2% sought or required medical or health care and 80.1% did not have a private health plan or insurance in the assessed period. Conclusion The dizziness symptom was highly prevalent in the population of Minas Gerais during the assessed month of the investigation. Dizziness was prevalent in adults and the elderly and showed a statistical association with socioeconomic and demographic characteristics, as well as the assessed health status.


Resumo Introdução O Estado de Minas Gerais, Brasil, não tem dados sobre a prevalência de tontura na população e essas informações podem ser fundamentais para basear políticas de saúde pública, campanhas de promoção e prevenção e a reabilitação. Objetivo Investigar a prevalência do sintoma de tontura na população do Estado de Minas Gerais segundo a Pesquisa por Amostra de Domicílio (PAD-MG), assim como descrever o perfil dos indivíduos entrevistados e as relações entre tontura e características socioeconômicas, demográfica e condições de saúde. Método Estudo de caráter observacional transversal com análise dos indivíduos com relato de sintoma de tontura no último mês. Foram analisados os dados inseridos na PAD-MG de 2011. Determinou-se associação estatística independente entre as variáveis selecionadas e a tontura por intermédio de análise multivariada. Resultados A tontura foi a terceira queixa principal entre os indivíduos que mencionaram algum problema de saúde no último mês, com estimativa populacional de 209.025 indivíduos e relatada por 6,7% dos sintomáticos, com valores inferiores somente aos sintomas de febre e dores de cabeça, respectivamente. Dentre indivíduos com relato de tontura, 94% são adultos ou idosos (p ≤ 0,001) e 63% do sexo feminino (p = 0,003). Foi encontrada associação estatisticamente significante (p < 0,001) entre a variável resposta e as variáveis autopercepção de saúde, hipertensão, doenças cardíacas, diabetes, depressão, procura ou necessidade de atendimento médico ou de saúde no último mês e presença de cobertura de plano ou seguro-saúde. Dentre os indivíduos com tontura, 84,2% procuraram ou precisaram de atendimento médico ou de saúde e 80,1% não tinham cobertura de plano ou seguro-saúde no período pesquisado. Conclusão O sintoma de tontura se mostrou altamente prevalente na população de Minas Gerais no mês de referência da pesquisa. A tontura foi prevalente nos indivíduos adultos e idosos e apresentou associação estatística com as características socioeconômicas, demográficas e condições de saúde estudadas.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pré-Escolar , Criança , Adolescente , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Adulto Jovem , Tontura/epidemiologia , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Brasil/epidemiologia , Prevalência , Estudos Transversais , Fatores de Risco
17.
Braz J Otorhinolaryngol ; 83(1): 29-37, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27217009

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The state of Minas Gerais, Brazil has no data on the prevalence of dizziness in the population and this information can be fundamental as the basis of public health policies, promotion, prevention and rehabilitation campaigns. OBJECTIVE: Investigate the prevalence of the symptom of dizziness in the population of Minas Gerais according to Sample Survey of Households, as well as describe the profile of interviewed individuals and the association between dizziness and socioeconomic, demographic features and health status. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional observational study that analyzed individuals with dizziness symptom reported in the previous month. The data entered in the Sample Survey of Households of 2011 were analyzed. An independent statistical association was determined between the selected variables and dizziness through multivariate analysis. RESULTS: Dizziness was the third major complaint among individuals who mentioned any health problems in the previous month, with an estimated population of 209,025 individuals and reported by 6.7% of symptomatic ones, with higher prevalence values only reported for the symptoms of fever and headache. Among individuals who reported dizziness, 94% were adults or elderly (p≤0.001) and 63% were females (p=0.003). A statistically significant association (p<0.001) was observed between the response variable and the variables: self-perceived health, hypertension, heart disease, diabetes, depression, seeking or requiring medical or health care in the previous month and private health care plan or insurance. Among individuals with dizziness, 84.2% sought or required medical or health care and 80.1% did not have a private health plan or insurance in the assessed period. CONCLUSION: The dizziness symptom was highly prevalent in the population of Minas Gerais during the assessed month of the investigation. Dizziness was prevalent in adults and the elderly and showed a statistical association with socioeconomic and demographic characteristics, as well as the assessed health status.


Assuntos
Tontura/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Brasil/epidemiologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Adulto Jovem
18.
Codas ; 28(2): 190-2, 2016 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27191884

RESUMO

Teachers are professionals with high prevalence of dysphonia, whose main risk factors are the large work hours in classrooms with the presence of background noise. The purpose of the study was to calculate the phonation time and the cycle dose of teachers with dysphonia and teachers without voice disorders during the class. There were two groups analyzed: five teachers with functional dysphonia were the first group and five teachers without voice disorders were the second group. For the data was used the VoxLog® dosimeter and the parameters were: intensity; fundamental frequency; phonation time and cycle dose. The statistical analysis used ANOVA, Student's T-test, and Kruskal-Wallis test. Dysphonic teachers showed major values of phonation time and cycle dose compared with teachers without voice disorders. The dysphonia is related to extended period of speech time and greater exposure of the tissue of the vocal fold to phonotrauma.


Assuntos
Disfonia/fisiopatologia , Doenças Profissionais/fisiopatologia , Fonação/fisiologia , Professores Escolares , Acústica da Fala , Adulto , Análise de Variância , Disfonia/etiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doenças Profissionais/etiologia , Valores de Referência , Fatores de Risco , Medida da Produção da Fala , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Fatores de Tempo
19.
Int. arch. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 20(1): 54-60, Jan.-Mar. 2016. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-773509

RESUMO

Introduction In Vestibular Testing (VT), caloric tests allow evaluation of unilateral weakness (UW) and directional preponderance (DP), where different criteria of normality are adopted in Brazil and worldwide. The Brazilian version of the Dizziness Handicap Inventory (Brazilian DHI) evaluates the impact of dizziness on the quality of life of an individual. Objectives The objective of this research is to evaluate the impact of dizziness on the quality of life of patients undergoing VT, and to relate these findings to the results obtained according to national and international criteria. Methods Cross-sectional analytic study of 235 patients referred for VT in two hospitals. The authors performed the Brazilian DHI, history, static, and dynamic balance tests, positional nystagmus, and the Dix-Hallpike maneuver, as well as vectoelectronystagmography. Subjects were divided into three groups according to UW and DP values. Descriptive statistics and comparisons between groups were performed, considering a significance level of 5% in all analyses. Results Patients groups had 20.9% men, and 79.1% women. There was no significant difference between groups for the scores obtained in the Brazilian DHI. There was, however, a statistically significant difference in the redistribution of individuals according to the UWand DP values. Conclusion There was no relationship between VT results and the impact of dizziness in the quality of life. A review of normal values for UW and DP adopted in Brazil is suggested, as well as the application of the Brazilian DHI as an additional tool to evaluate the impact of dizziness on quality of life in all patients undergoing VT.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adolescente , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Adulto Jovem , Tontura , Equilíbrio Postural , Qualidade de Vida , Brasil , Testes Calóricos , Eletronistagmografia
20.
Int Arch Otorhinolaryngol ; 20(1): 54-60, 2016 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26722347

RESUMO

Introduction In Vestibular Testing (VT), caloric tests allow evaluation of unilateral weakness (UW) and directional preponderance (DP), where different criteria of normality are adopted in Brazil and worldwide. The Brazilian version of the Dizziness Handicap Inventory (Brazilian DHI) evaluates the impact of dizziness on the quality of life of an individual. Objectives The objective of this research is to evaluate the impact of dizziness on the quality of life of patients undergoing VT, and to relate these findings to the results obtained according to national and international criteria. Methods Cross-sectional analytic study of 235 patients referred for VT in two hospitals. The authors performed the Brazilian DHI, history, static, and dynamic balance tests, positional nystagmus, and the Dix-Hallpike maneuver, as well as vectoelectronystagmography. Subjects were divided into three groups according to UW and DP values. Descriptive statistics and comparisons between groups were performed, considering a significance level of 5% in all analyses. Results Patients groups had 20.9% men, and 79.1% women. There was no significant difference between groups for the scores obtained in the Brazilian DHI. There was, however, a statistically significant difference in the redistribution of individuals according to the UW and DP values. Conclusion There was no relationship between VT results and the impact of dizziness in the quality of life. A review of normal values for UW and DP adopted in Brazil is suggested, as well as the application of the Brazilian DHI as an additional tool to evaluate the impact of dizziness on quality of life in all patients undergoing VT.

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