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1.
Dement Neuropsychol ; 13(3): 268-283, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31555399

RESUMO

Day care (DC) provides a break in daily care as a support strategy for family caregivers (FC) of people with dementia (PwD). Objective: to analyze the support strategies used by the DC for FC, their methodological and theoretical models, as well as the respective benefits for FC burden, coping strategies and quality of life. Methods: a systematic review following the Prisma methodology was performed on PubMed, PsycInfo, Scopus and SciELO electronic databases in August, 2018. The search keywords were "day care", "dementia" or Alzheimer disease, "caregiver", "quality of life" and "psychological adaptation". Results: twenty-one studies were included. No randomized controlled trials were found. The provision of education, counseling and support, access to information, the professionals' expertise and the quality of their relationship with DC users were highlighted by caregivers. Compared to standard programs centering on PwD, the integrated program focused on PwD and FC activities showed increased feelings of competence and self-confidence of FC to postpone institutionalization. Heterogeneity in the structure and organization of the DC programs, intervention strategies and theoretical basis was observed. Conclusion: Integrated programs are a promising approach that addresses the needs and demands of PwD and their FC in a multidimensional manner.

2.
Dement. neuropsychol ; 13(3): 268-283, July-Sept. 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1039655

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Day care (DC) provides a break in daily care as a support strategy for family caregivers (FC) of people with dementia (PwD). Objective: to analyze the support strategies used by the DC for FC, their methodological and theoretical models, as well as the respective benefits for FC burden, coping strategies and quality of life. Methods: a systematic review following the Prisma methodology was performed on PubMed, PsycInfo, Scopus and SciELO electronic databases in August, 2018. The search keywords were "day care", "dementia" or Alzheimer disease, "caregiver", "quality of life" and "psychological adaptation". Results: twenty-one studies were included. No randomized controlled trials were found. The provision of education, counseling and support, access to information, the professionals' expertise and the quality of their relationship with DC users were highlighted by caregivers. Compared to standard programs centering on PwD, the integrated program focused on PwD and FC activities showed increased feelings of competence and self-confidence of FC to postpone institutionalization. Heterogeneity in the structure and organization of the DC programs, intervention strategies and theoretical basis was observed. Conclusion: Integrated programs are a promising approach that addresses the needs and demands of PwD and their FC in a multidimensional manner.


RESUMO O centro-dia (CD) permite uma pausa no cuidado diário como estratégia de apoio aos cuidadores familiares (CF) das pessoas com demência (PcD). Objetivo: analisar as estratégias de suporte aos CF oferecidas pelos CD, seus modelos metodológicos e teóricos, bem como os respectivos benefícios sobre sua sobrecarga, estratégias de enfrentamento e qualidade de vida. Métodos: uma revisão sistemática utilizando a metodologia Prisma foi realizada nos bancos de dados eletrônicos PubMed, PsycInfo, Scopus e SciELO em agosto, 2018. As palavras chave da pesquisa foram "centro dia", "demência" ou doença de Alzheimer, "cuidador", "qualidade de vida" e "adaptação psicológica". Resultados: vinte e um estudos foram incluídos. Não foram encontrados estudos randomizados. A oferta de educação, aconselhamento e apoio, o acesso a informações sobre a estrutura e o programa do CD, a expertise dos profissionais e a qualidade da relação destes com os usuários foram aspectos ressaltados pelos cuidadores. Comparados aos programas padrão centrados na PcD, estudos descrevendo o programa integrado, focado nas atividades para PcD e CF, mostraram um aumento no sentimento de competência e autoconfiança do CF e adiamento da institucionalização. Observou-se heterogeneidade na estrutura e organização dos programas de CD, nas estratégias de intervenção e nas bases teóricas. Conclusão: programas integrados são uma abordagem promissora que atende às necessidades e demandas das PcD e seus CF de forma multidimensional.


Assuntos
Humanos , Qualidade de Vida , Adaptação Psicológica , Cuidadores , Demência , Doença de Alzheimer
3.
J Geriatr Psychiatry Neurol ; : 891988718824039, 2019 Jan 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30651027

RESUMO

Young-onset Alzheimer disease (YOAD) causes psychological and emotional difficulties for carers. However, even in the face of considerable caregiving demands and burden, some carers are resistant to stress, which may be a sign of resilience. This study investigated whether the clinical symptoms of the person with YOAD might be associated with resilience in their carers. A consecutive series of 43 persons with YOAD and their 43 family caregivers were assessed. The carers showed moderate to high level of resilience, low level of anxiety and depressive symptoms, and moderate level of burden. No relationship was found between resilience and sociodemographic characteristics of both carers and care recipient and with clinical characteristics of persons with YOAD. A linear regression analysis showed that resilience was inversely associated with carers' depressive symptoms. The findings suggest that resilience may mainly be related to carers' mental health.

4.
Aging Ment Health ; 23(10): 1292-1299, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30406679

RESUMO

Objective: We aim to assess different objects of awareness of disease of people with Alzheimer's disease (AD) in mild and moderate stages Method: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 34 participants with AD and qualitative analyses were used to analyze the participants' reports. Results: Cognitive impairment was the most peserved area of awareness. The participants' explanations were mainly categorized as biological/genetic and psychosocial causes. Also, awareness of social/emotional functioning and interpersonal relationships were generally well-preserved in this group. Among those who noticed some alterations in social life, there were reports of the feeling of being exposed and how some cognitive symptoms interfere with their functioning. In the emotional state domains, most of the participants reported more sadness than before the onset of dementia. Although most participants noticed a change in routine and the impact on daily life, many did not notice the need of help for general tasks. Conclusion: Our results underpin that most people with AD were able to provide their own subjective report of their experience of living with a disease. Participants' self-reports demonstrated the differences across domains, and this information may contribute to a better understanding of awareness of disease in AD.

5.
Aging Ment Health ; : 1-9, 2018 Nov 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30499333

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To investigate the resilience of caregivers of people with mild and moderate Alzheimer's disease (PwAD) and the related sociodemographic and clinical characteristics. METHODS: Cross-sectional assessment of dyads of PwAD and family caregivers (N = 106). Caregivers were assessed for resilience, depression, anxiety, hopelessness, quality of life, burden and cognition. PwAD were assessed for severity of dementia, cognition, neuropsychiatric symptoms, functionality, quality of life and awareness of disease. RESULTS: Most of the caregivers (51.1%) reported emotional problems (symptoms of anxiety, stress and depression). In both mild (p < 0.05) and moderate (p < 0.05) PwAD groups, resilience was inversely related to self-reported emotional problems. There was not a significant difference between caregivers of mild and moderate PwAD resilience (p < 0.05). Upon analyzing the factors related to resilience, we found some differences between the groups of caregivers of mild and moderate PwAD. Neuropsychiatric symptoms of PwAD (p < 0.05) and caregiver's depressive symptoms (p < 0.05) were related to resilience of caregivers of mild PwAD. In the moderate group, caregivers' higher levels of quality of life (p < 0.05) and co-residing with PwAD (p < 0.05) were related to resilience. CONCLUSION: Caregivers' resilience is driven by different factors according to disease severity. The findings suggest that resilience allows caregivers to manage and respond positively to stressful demands of care.

6.
Trends Psychiatry Psychother ; 40(3): 258-268, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30304119

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Caregivers of people with Alzheimer disease (PwAD) report significant stress, burden and depression compared to caregivers of people with other dementias, especially when neuropsychiatric symptoms are prominent. Adequate coping strategies can modify the impact of stressful situations and increase the caregivers' quality of life. OBJECTIVE: To systematically review the different coping strategies used by caregivers of PwAD to manage neuropsychiatric symptoms. METHOD: We carried out electronic searches using MEDLINE (PubMed), SciELO, Web of Knowledge Cross Search (Thomson Scientific/ISI Web Services) and PsycINFO databases to select studies on coping in PwAD caregivers published from January 2005 to July 2017. The search terms were coping, caregivers, strategy, onset, adaptation, family, behavior, dementia and Alzheimer. The studies were organized in three categories: problem-focused, emotion-focused and dysfunctional coping strategies. RESULTS: We found 2,277 articles. After application of exclusion criteria and exclusion of redundant references, 24 articles were analyzed. Emotion-focused coping was the most commonly used strategy among PwAD caregivers. The use of this strategy associated with religion and spirituality may help reduce symptoms of depression and anxiety. Problem-focused coping strategies were mostly used with active coping interventions. Problem-solving coping may have buffered the impact of acute psychological stressors on procoagulant activity. Dysfunctional coping strategies were associated with increase of caregiver burden. CONCLUSION: The evaluated studies showed that the use and development of coping strategies may have ameliorated the depressive symptoms, anxiety and burden of caregivers. However, longitudinal studies are still needed that clearly describe the type of coping strategy used in relation to the presented results.


Assuntos
Adaptação Psicológica , Doença de Alzheimer , Cuidadores/psicologia , Doença de Alzheimer/terapia , Humanos
7.
Trends psychiatry psychother. (Impr.) ; 40(3): 258-268, July-Sept. 2018. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-963102

RESUMO

Abstract Introduction Caregivers of people with Alzheimer disease (PwAD) report significant stress, burden and depression compared to caregivers of people with other dementias, especially when neuropsychiatric symptoms are prominent. Adequate coping strategies can modify the impact of stressful situations and increase the caregivers' quality of life. Objective To systematically review the different coping strategies used by caregivers of PwAD to manage neuropsychiatric symptoms. Method We carried out electronic searches using MEDLINE (PubMed), SciELO, Web of Knowledge Cross Search (Thomson Scientific/ISI Web Services) and PsycINFO databases to select studies on coping in PwAD caregivers published from January 2005 to July 2017. The search terms were coping, caregivers, strategy, onset, adaptation, family, behavior, dementia and Alzheimer. The studies were organized in three categories: problem-focused, emotion-focused and dysfunctional coping strategies. Results We found 2,277 articles. After application of exclusion criteria and exclusion of redundant references, 24 articles were analyzed. Emotion-focused coping was the most commonly used strategy among PwAD caregivers. The use of this strategy associated with religion and spirituality may help reduce symptoms of depression and anxiety. Problem-focused coping strategies were mostly used with active coping interventions. Problem-solving coping may have buffered the impact of acute psychological stressors on procoagulant activity. Dysfunctional coping strategies were associated with increase of caregiver burden. Conclusion The evaluated studies showed that the use and development of coping strategies may have ameliorated the depressive symptoms, anxiety and burden of caregivers. However, longitudinal studies are still needed that clearly describe the type of coping strategy used in relation to the presented results.


Resumo Introdução Cuidadores de pessoas com doença de Alzheimer relatam mais estresse, sobrecarga e depressão em comparação com cuidadores de pessoas com outras patologias, especialmente quando os sintomas neuropsiquiátricos são proeminentes. Estratégias adequadas de enfrentamento podem modificar o impacto de situações estressantes e aumentar a qualidade de vida do cuidador. Objetivo Revisar sistematicamente as diferentes estratégias de enfrentamento utilizadas pelos cuidadores para lidar com sintomas neuropsiquiátricos. Método Foi realizada busca eletrônica em artigos publicados entre janeiro de 2005 e julho de 2017 nos bancos de dados MEDLINE (PubMed), SciELO, Web of Knowledge Cross Search (Thomson Scientific/ISI Web Services) e PsycINFO. Os termos utilizados foram coping, caregivers, strategy, onset, adaptation, family, behavior, dementia and Alzheimer. Os artigos avaliados foram categorizados em estratégias de enfrentamento focadas na resolução do problema, na emoção e estratégias disfuncionais. Resultados Foram encontrados 2.277 artigos. Após aplicação dos critérios de exclusão, foram incluídos 24 artigos. A estratégia de enfrentamento mais utilizada foi a focada na emoção. O uso desta estratégia associada a religião e espiritualidade pode reduzir sintomas de depressão e ansiedade dos cuidadores. As estratégias de enfrentamento focadas na resolução do problema utilizaram principalmente intervenções baseadas no enfrentamento ativo. A resolução de problemas reduz o impacto dos estressores psicológicos agudos sobre a atividade procoagulante. As estratégias disfuncionais estavam associadas ao aumento da sobrecarga dos cuidadores. Conclusão Os estudos mostraram que o desenvolvimento e uso de estratégias de enfrentamento pode aliviar sintomas depressivos, ansiosos e sobrecarga do cuidador. No entanto, ainda são necessários estudos longitudinais que descrevam claramente o tipo de estratégia de enfrentamento utilizada em relação aos desfechos das pesquisas.

8.
J Geriatr Psychiatry Neurol ; 31(1): 27-33, 2018 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29187026

RESUMO

A large body of evidence highlights the social cognitive impairment in neurodegenerative diseases such Alzheimer disease (AD). This study investigated the relationship among social and emotional functioning (SEF), awareness of disease, and other clinical aspects in people with AD (PwAD). A consecutive series of 50 people with mild to moderate AD and their 50 family caregivers were assessed. There was a significant difference between self-rated SEF and informant-rated SEF. In 56% of PwAD, self-rated SEF is lower than informant-rated SEF. People with AD mostly presented with mildly impaired awareness of the disease (56%), 20% had moderately impaired awareness of the disease, and 6% were unaware of the disease. The multivariate linear regression showed that informant-rated SEF was related to the social functioning, and relationships, domains of awareness of disease, and the PwAD informant-rated quality of life. The relationship between SEF and awareness of social functioning and relationship domain shows that they are comprised of judgments related to perceptions about oneself, values, and beliefs qualitatively different from awareness of memory or functionality, which can be directly observed.


Assuntos
Doença de Alzheimer/psicologia , Testes Neuropsicológicos/estatística & dados numéricos , Qualidade de Vida/psicologia , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Comportamento Social
9.
Dement Neuropsychol ; 11(3): 308-311, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29213530

RESUMO

Studies report that people with young onset Alzheimer's disease (YOAD) have higher levels of disease awareness compared to those with late onset AD. We report a case of a man with YOAD who had preserved awareness of disease, depression and risk of suicide associated with the development of the dementia. Cognitive functioning, disease severity, depressive symptoms and awareness of disease were assessed using validated measures. The person with YOAD showed a moderate level of disease severity and high degree of dependence for activities of daily living. There was recognition of memory problems and routine changes with presence of intense pessimism, low self-esteem and suicidal ideation. This case points to the existence of specific issues related to young onset dementia and the clinical importance of identifying and treating patients who might be aware of their condition.

10.
Dement. neuropsychol ; 11(3): 308-311, July-Sept. 2017. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-891023

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Studies report that people with young onset Alzheimer's disease (YOAD) have higher levels of disease awareness compared to those with late onset AD. We report a case of a man with YOAD who had preserved awareness of disease, depression and risk of suicide associated with the development of the dementia. Cognitive functioning, disease severity, depressive symptoms and awareness of disease were assessed using validated measures. The person with YOAD showed a moderate level of disease severity and high degree of dependence for activities of daily living. There was recognition of memory problems and routine changes with presence of intense pessimism, low self-esteem and suicidal ideation. This case points to the existence of specific issues related to young onset dementia and the clinical importance of identifying and treating patients who might be aware of their condition.


RESUMO Estudos relatam que pessoas com doença de Alzheimer (DA) de início precoce possuem maior consciência da doença comparadas com as de início tardio. Descrevemos o caso de um homem com DA de início precoce, que apresenta consciência da doença preservada, depressão e risco de suicídio associado ao desenvolvimento da demência. O funcionamento cognitivo, gravidade da doença, sintomas depressivos e a consciência da doença foram acessados através de instrumentos validados. A pessoa com DA de início precoce apresentou um nível de gravidade da doença moderado e um elevado grau de dependência para as atividades de vida diária. Houve reconhecimento dos problemas de memória e mudanças de rotina com presença de pessimismo intenso, baixa autoestima e ideação suicida. Esse caso indica a existência de questões específicas relacionadas à demência de início precoce e a importância clínica de identificar e tratar pacientes que possam estar conscientes de sua condição.


Assuntos
Humanos , Suicídio , Demência , Diagnóstico Precoce , Depressão , Doença de Alzheimer
11.
J. bras. psiquiatr ; 66(1): 52-61, jan.-mar. 2017. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-841295

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Objective A large number of psychosocial interventions in dementia are based on music activities and music therapy interventions. We aim at assessing the efficacy of music therapy in the neuropsychiatric symptoms of people with dementia. Methods This systematic review is according to the methodology suggested by the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses. We searched for articles in PubMed, Web of Knowledge Cross Search, Cochrane Library, Scopus and Lilacs/Bireme databases published from 2005 to 2016. The search keywords included “early onset” and “late onset” combined with “dementia”, “Alzheimer”, “vascular dementia”, “mixed dementia”, “frontotemporal dementia”, “neuropsychiatric symptoms”, “behavioral disturbances”, “behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia” and “music therapy”. The studies were categorized according to its efficacy on the decline of neuropsychiatric symptoms and improvement of cognitive function, quality of life and well-being. Results We selected 12 out of 257 papers. Music therapy interventions were applied individually or in group setting, using active or receptive technique. In general, studies indicated the efficacy of music therapy on the decline of depression, agitation and anxiety. There were heterogeneity of interventions, methodological design and instruments of evaluation among the studies. Conclusions Although there are reports of the efficacy of music therapy on the decline of neuropsychiatric symptoms of dementia, the area still needs randomized studies aimed at the solution of important methodological problems like the lack of standardized approaches.


RESUMO Objetivo Muitas intervenções psicossociais na demência estão baseadas em atividades musicais e intervenções de musicoterapia. Nosso objetivo consiste em avaliar a eficácia das intervenções de musicoterapia nos sintomas neuropsiquiátricos de pessoas com demência. Métodos Esta revisão sistemática está de acordo com a metodologia sugerida pela Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses. Foi realizada busca por artigos nas bases de dados PubMed, Web of Knowledge Cross Search, Cochrane Library, Scopus e Lilacs/Bireme publicados de 2005 a 2016. As palavras-chave incluíram descritores como “início precoce” e “início tardio” combinados com “demência”, “Alzheimer”, “demência vascular”, “demência mista”, “demência frontotemporal”, “sintomas neuropsiquiátricos”, “distúrbios comportamentais”, “sintomas comportamentais e psicológicos da demência”, “musicoterapia”. Os estudos foram categorizados segundo sua eficácia na redução dos sintomas neuropsiquiátricos e na melhora da função cognitiva, qualidade de vida e bem-estar. Resultados Foram selecionados 12 dos 257 artigos encontrados. As intervenções de musicoterapia foram aplicadas individualmente ou em grupo, utilizando técnica ativa ou receptiva. Em geral, os estudos indicaram a eficácia da musicoterapia na diminuição da depressão, agitação e ansiedade. Houve heterogeneidade das intervenções, desenho metodológico e instrumentos de avaliação entre os estudos. Conclusões Embora haja relatos de eficácia da musicoterapia na diminuição dos sintomas neuropsiquiátricos da demência, a área ainda necessita de estudos randomizados que visem à solução de problemas metodológicos importantes, como a falta de abordagens padronizadas.

12.
Arq Neuropsiquiatr ; 75(1): 36-43, 2017 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28099561

RESUMO

Objective:: We adapted the MacArthur Competence Assessment Tool for Treatment (MacCAT-T) to Brazilian Portuguese, pilot testing it on mild and moderate patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD). Methods:: The cross-cultural process required six steps. Sixty-six patients with AD were assessed for competence to consent to treatment, global cognition, working memory, awareness of disease, functionality, depressive symptoms and dementia severity. Results:: The items had semantic, idiomatic, conceptual and experiential equivalence. We found no difference between mild and moderate patients with AD on the MacCAT-T domains. The linear regressions showed that reasoning (p = 0.000) and functional status (p = 0.003) were related to understanding. Understanding (p = 0.000) was related to appreciation and reasoning. Awareness of disease (p = 0.001) was related to expressing a choice. Conclusions:: The MacCAT-T adaptation was well-understood and the constructs of the original version were maintained. The results of the pilot study demonstrated an available Brazilian tool focused on decision-making capacity in AD.


Assuntos
Doença de Alzheimer/diagnóstico , Inquéritos e Questionários , Idoso , Doença de Alzheimer/terapia , Brasil , Características Culturais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Projetos Piloto , Psicometria , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Tradução
13.
Arq. neuropsiquiatr ; 75(1): 36-43, Jan. 2017. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-838858

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Objective: We adapted the MacArthur Competence Assessment Tool for Treatment (MacCAT-T) to Brazilian Portuguese, pilot testing it on mild and moderate patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD). Methods: The cross-cultural process required six steps. Sixty-six patients with AD were assessed for competence to consent to treatment, global cognition, working memory, awareness of disease, functionality, depressive symptoms and dementia severity. Results: The items had semantic, idiomatic, conceptual and experiential equivalence. We found no difference between mild and moderate patients with AD on the MacCAT-T domains. The linear regressions showed that reasoning (p = 0.000) and functional status (p = 0.003) were related to understanding. Understanding (p = 0.000) was related to appreciation and reasoning. Awareness of disease (p = 0.001) was related to expressing a choice. Conclusions: The MacCAT-T adaptation was well-understood and the constructs of the original version were maintained. The results of the pilot study demonstrated an available Brazilian tool focused on decision-making capacity in AD.


RESUMO Objetivo: Adaptamos o MacArthur Competence Assessment Tool for Treatment (MacCAT-T) para o português brasileiro, realizando estudo piloto em amostra de pessoas com doença de Alzheimer (DA) leve e moderada. Métodos: O processo transcultural apresentou seis passos. Posteriormente, avaliamos competência para consentimento do tratamento, cognição global, memória de trabalho, consciência da doença, funcionalidade, sintomas depressivos e gravidade da doença de 66 pessoas com DA. Resultados: Os itens apresentaram equivalência semântica, idiomática, conceitual e experiencial. Não encontramos diferenças entre pessoas com DA leve e moderada nos domínios do MacCAT-T. Regressões lineares demonstraram que raciocínio (p = 0.000) e funcionalidade (p = 0.003) estavam relacionados à compreensão. Compreensão (p = 0.000) estava relacionada ao julgamento e raciocínio. Consciência da doença (p = 0.001) estava relacionada à expressão da escolha. Conclusões: A adaptação da MacCAT-T foi bem compreendida e os constructos da versão original mantidos. Resultados do estudo piloto apontaram disponibilidade de ferramenta brasileira sobre tomada de decisões na DA.

14.
Arq Neuropsiquiatr ; 74(12): 967-973, 2016 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27991993

RESUMO

Resilience is the capacity for successful adaptation when faced with the stress of adversity. We aimed to investigate the relationship between caregivers' resilience and the sociodemographic and clinical factors of people with dementia. Cross-sectional assessment of 58 people with dementia and their caregiver dyads showed that most caregivers were female adult children. The caregivers reported moderate to higher levels of resilience, lower levels of anxiety and depressive symptoms and moderate levels of burden. Resilience was not related to the caregiver's gender (p = 0.883), nor clinical (p = 0.807) or emotional problems (p = 0.420). The regression showed that resilience was related to the caregiver's quality of life (p < 0.01) and inversely associated with their depressive symptoms (p < 0.01). There was no relationship between caregivers' resilience and the sociodemographic and clinical characteristics of people with dementia. We can assume that resilience is an individual characteristic. Support groups should also focus on the factors that may increase resilience among caregivers.


Assuntos
Cuidadores/psicologia , Demência/enfermagem , Resiliência Psicológica , Adaptação Psicológica , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Ansiedade/psicologia , Estudos Transversais , Demência/psicologia , Depressão/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Escalas de Graduação Psiquiátrica , Qualidade de Vida , Análise de Regressão , Fatores Socioeconômicos
15.
Arq. neuropsiquiatr ; 74(12): 967-973, Dec. 2016. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-828006

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Resilience is the capacity for successful adaptation when faced with the stress of adversity. We aimed to investigate the relationship between caregivers’ resilience and the sociodemographic and clinical factors of people with dementia. Cross-sectional assessment of 58 people with dementia and their caregiver dyads showed that most caregivers were female adult children. The caregivers reported moderate to higher levels of resilience, lower levels of anxiety and depressive symptoms and moderate levels of burden. Resilience was not related to the caregiver’s gender (p = 0.883), nor clinical (p = 0.807) or emotional problems (p = 0.420). The regression showed that resilience was related to the caregiver’s quality of life (p < 0.01) and inversely associated with their depressive symptoms (p < 0.01). There was no relationship between caregivers’ resilience and the sociodemographic and clinical characteristics of people with dementia. We can assume that resilience is an individual characteristic. Support groups should also focus on the factors that may increase resilience among caregivers.


RESUMO Resiliência é a capacidade de adaptação bem-sucedida, quando confrontado com o estresse da adversidade. Nosso objetivo foi investigar a relação entre a resiliência dos cuidadores e fatores sociodemográficos e clínicos de pessoas com demência. A avaliação transversal de 58 pessoas com demência e suas duplas de cuidadores, mostrou que a maioria dos cuidadores eram do sexo feminino e filhas adultas. Os cuidadores relataram níveis moderados a altos de resiliência, níveis mais baixos de ansiedade e sintomas depressivos e níveis moderados de sobrecarga. Resiliência não estava relacionada ao gênero (p = 0.883) e problemas clínicos (p = 0.807) e emocionais (p = 0.420) dos cuidadores. A regressão mostrou que a resiliência foi relacionada à qualidade de vida (p < 0,01) dos cuidadores e inversamente associada com os sintomas depressivos (p < 0,01). Não havia uma relação significativa entre a resiliência dos cuidadores e as características sociodemográficos e clínicas das pessoas com demência. Podemos supor que a resiliência é uma característica individual. Os grupos de apoio devem enfatizar os fatores que podem aumentar a resiliência entre os cuidadores.

16.
Trends Psychiatry Psychother ; 38(1): 6-13, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27074338

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Young onset dementia (YOD) develops before 65 years of age and has specific age-related adverse consequences for quality of life (QoL). We systematically examined factors related to the QoL of people with YOD and their caregivers. METHOD: This systematic review used the PRISMA methodology. The literature search was undertaken on July 5, 2015, using Cochrane, PubMed, SciELO, PsycINFO, Scopus and Thomson Reuters Web of Science electronic databases. The search keywords included early onset and young onset combined with, dementia, Alzheimer, vascular dementia, mixed dementia, frontotemporal dementia, quality of life, well-being and unmet needs. Nine studies were included. We revised objectives, study design, sample, instruments and results related to QoL. RESULTS: People with YOD rated their own QoL significantly higher than their caregivers. Greater awareness of disease among people with YOD is associated with better QoL in caregivers. A relationship was found between unmet needs and daytime activities, lack of companionship and difficulties with memory. Issues associated with unmet needs were prolonged time to diagnosis, available health services and lack of caregiver's own future perspective. CONCLUSION: Consideration should be given to conducting investigations with more homogeneous samples and use of a clear concept of QoL. The present study highlights the need for future research in a wider range of countries, using instruments specifically for YOD. It would be interesting if studies could trace parallels with late onset dementia groups.


Assuntos
Demência/psicologia , Qualidade de Vida , Idade de Início , Humanos
17.
Trends psychiatry psychother. (Impr.) ; 38(1): 6-13, Jan.-Mar. 2016. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: lil-779105

RESUMO

Introduction Young onset dementia (YOD) develops before 65 years of age and has specific age-related adverse consequences for quality of life (QoL). We systematically examined factors related to the QoL of people with YOD and their caregivers. Method This systematic review used the PRISMA methodology. The literature search was undertaken on July 5, 2015, using Cochrane, PubMed, SciELO, PsycINFO, Scopus and Thomson Reuters Web of Science electronic databases. The search keywords included early onset and young onset combined with, dementia, Alzheimer, vascular dementia, mixed dementia, frontotemporal dementia, quality of life, well-being and unmet needs. Nine studies were included. We revised objectives, study design, sample, instruments and results related to QoL. Results People with YOD rated their own QoL significantly higher than their caregivers. Greater awareness of disease among people with YOD is associated with better QoL in caregivers. A relationship was found between unmet needs and daytime activities, lack of companionship and difficulties with memory. Issues associated with unmet needs were prolonged time to diagnosis, available health services and lack of caregiver's own future perspective. Conclusion Consideration should be given to conducting investigations with more homogeneous samples and use of a clear concept of QoL. The present study highlights the need for future research in a wider range of countries, using instruments specifically for YOD. It would be interesting if studies could trace parallels with late onset dementia groups.


Introdução A demência de início precoce se desenvolve antes dos 65 anos e possui consequências adversas específicas relacionadas à idade para a qualidade de vida (QV). Nós examinamos de forma sistemática fatores ligados à QV de pessoas com demência de início precoce e seus cuidadores. Método Foi utilizada a metodologia PRISMA, com busca nas bases de dados Cochrane, PubMed, SciELO, PsycINFO, Scopus e Thomson Reuters Web of Science electronic em 5 de julho de 2015. Foi utilizada a palavra-chave início precoce combinada com demência, Alzheimer, demência vascular, demência mista, demência frontotemporal, qualidade de vida, bem-estar e necessidades não atendidas. Nove estudos foram incluídos. Foram revisados os objetivos, desenho, amostra, instrumentos e resultados relacionados à QV. Resultados Pessoas com demência de início precoce pontuaram sua própria QV significantemente mais alta que seus cuidadores. A maior consciência da doença entre essas pessoas é associada com melhor QV dos cuidadores. Foi encontrada relação entre necessidades não atendidas e atividades diárias, falta de companhia e dificuldades com a memória. A demora na definição do diagnóstico, os serviços de saúde disponíveis e a falta de perspectivas futuras do cuidador foram fatores associados às necessidades não atendidas. Conclusão Deve-se considerar a possibilidade de conduzir investigações com amostras mais homogêneas e um conceito mais claro de QV. O presente estudo chama atenção para a necessidade de pesquisas em mais países, utilizando instrumentos específicos para pessoas com demência de início precoce. Seria interessante se estudos pudessem traçar paralelos com grupos de início tardio.

18.
Sao Paulo Med J ; 133(4): 358-66, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26517147

RESUMO

CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE: Impairments in social and emotional functioning may affect the communication skills and interpersonal relationships of people with dementia and their caregivers. This study had the aim of presenting the steps involved in the cross-cultural adaptation of the Social and Emotional Questionnaire (SEQ) for the Brazilian population. DESIGN AND SETTING: Cross-cultural adaptation study, conducted at the Center for Alzheimer's Disease and Related Disorders in a public university. METHODS: The process adopted in this study required six consecutive steps: initial translation, translation synthesis, back translation, committee of judges, pretesting of final version and submission to the original author. RESULTS: In general, the items had semantic, idiomatic, conceptual and experiential equivalence. During the first pretest, people with dementia and their caregivers had difficulties in understanding some items relating to social skills, which were interpreted ambiguously. New changes were made to allow better adjustment to the target population and, following this, a new pretest was performed. This pre-test showed that the changes were relevant and gave rise to the final version of the instrument. There was no correlation between education level and performance in the questionnaire, among people with dementia (P = 0.951). CONCLUSION: The Brazilian Portuguese version of the Social and Emotional Questionnaire was well understood and, despite the cultural and linguistic differences, the constructs of the original version were maintained.


Assuntos
Comparação Transcultural , Demência/psicologia , Emoções , Comportamento Social , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Brasil , Cuidadores/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Linguagem , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Traduções
19.
Arq Neuropsiquiatr ; 73(5): 383-9, 2015 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26017202

RESUMO

Facial recognition is one of the most important aspects of social cognition. In this study, we investigate the patterns of change and the factors involved in the ability to recognize emotion in mild Alzheimer's disease (AD). Through a longitudinal design, we assessed 30 people with AD. We used an experimental task that includes matching expressions with picture stimuli, labelling emotions and emotionally recognizing a stimulus situation. We observed a significant difference in the situational recognition task (p ≤ 0.05) between baseline and the second evaluation. The linear regression showed that cognition is a predictor of emotion recognition impairment (p ≤ 0.05). The ability to perceive emotions from facial expressions was impaired, particularly when the emotions presented were relatively subtle. Cognition is recruited to comprehend emotional situations in cases of mild dementia.


Assuntos
Doença de Alzheimer/psicologia , Cognição/fisiologia , Emoções/fisiologia , Expressão Facial , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Doença de Alzheimer/fisiopatologia , Métodos Epidemiológicos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Testes Neuropsicológicos , Qualidade de Vida , Análise e Desempenho de Tarefas , Fatores de Tempo
20.
Arq. neuropsiquiatr ; 73(5): 383-389, 05/2015. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-746495

RESUMO

Facial recognition is one of the most important aspects of social cognition. In this study, we investigate the patterns of change and the factors involved in the ability to recognize emotion in mild Alzheimer’s disease (AD). Through a longitudinal design, we assessed 30 people with AD. We used an experimental task that includes matching expressions with picture stimuli, labelling emotions and emotionally recognizing a stimulus situation. We observed a significant difference in the situational recognition task (p ≤ 0.05) between baseline and the second evaluation. The linear regression showed that cognition is a predictor of emotion recognition impairment (p ≤ 0.05). The ability to perceive emotions from facial expressions was impaired, particularly when the emotions presented were relatively subtle. Cognition is recruited to comprehend emotional situations in cases of mild dementia.


O reconhecimento da expressão facial é um dos aspectos mais importantes relacionados à cognição social. Foram investigados os padrões de mudança e os fatores envolvidos na habilidade de reconhecer emoções na doença de Alzheimer (DA) leve. Em um estudo longitudinal foram avaliadas 30 pessoas com DA. Para a avaliação da capacidade de reconhecimento facial na DA foi utilizada uma tarefa experimental que inclui a combinação de expressões com uma figura estímulo, rotulação da emoção e reconhecimento emocional de uma situação estímulo. Foi encontrada diferença significativa entre os momentos 1 e 2 na tarefa de reconhecimento situacional (p ≤ 0.05). A regressão linear mostrou que a cognição (p ≤ 0.05) é o fator preditor para o prejuízo do reconhecimento emocional, o que sugere um recrutamento da cognição para a compreensão de situações emocionais mais complexas. Houve comprometimento na percepção de emoções em expressões faciais, particularmente, quando as emoções eram sutis.


Assuntos
Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Doença de Alzheimer/psicologia , Cognição/fisiologia , Emoções/fisiologia , Expressão Facial , Recognição (Psicologia) , Doença de Alzheimer/fisiopatologia , Métodos Epidemiológicos , Testes Neuropsicológicos , Qualidade de Vida , Análise e Desempenho de Tarefas , Fatores de Tempo
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