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1.
Clin Rehabil ; 32(1): 66-74, 2018 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28633534

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of a short-term neuromuscular electrical stimulation program on exercise tolerance in hospitalized patients with advanced heart failure who have suffered an acute decompensation and are under continuous intravenous inotropic support. DESIGN: A randomized controlled study. SUBJECTS: Initially, 195 patients hospitalized for decompensated heart failure were recruited, but 70 were randomized. INTERVENTION: Patients were randomized into two groups: control group subject to the usual care ( n = 35); neuromuscular electrical stimulation group ( n = 35) received daily training sessions to both lower extremities for around two weeks. MAIN MEASURES: The baseline 6-minute walk test to determine functional capacity was performed 24 hours after hospital admission, and intravenous inotropic support dose was daily checked in all patients. The outcomes were measured in two weeks or at the discharge if the patients were sent back home earlier than two weeks. RESULTS: After losses of follow-up, a total of 49 patients were included and considered for final analysis (control group, n = 25 and neuromuscular electrical stimulation group, n = 24). The neuromuscular electrical stimulation group presented with a higher 6-minute walk test distance compared to the control group after the study protocol (293 ± 34.78 m vs. 265.8 ± 48.53 m, P < 0.001, respectively). Neuromuscular electrical stimulation group also demonstrated a significantly higher dose reduction of dobutamine compared to control group after the study protocol (2.72 ± 1.72 µg/kg/min vs. 3.86 ± 1.61 µg/kg/min, P = 0.001, respectively). CONCLUSION: A short-term inpatient neuromuscular electrical stimulation rehabilitation protocol improved exercise tolerance and reduced intravenous inotropic support necessity in patients with advanced heart failure suffering a decompensation episode.


Assuntos
Cardiotônicos/administração & dosagem , Terapia por Estimulação Elétrica , Tolerância ao Exercício/fisiologia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/fisiopatologia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/terapia , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Hospitalização , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Resultado do Tratamento , Teste de Caminhada
2.
Int J Cardiol ; 231: 110-114, 2017 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28082094

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Eisenmenger syndrome (ES) precipitates the extreme manifestation of pulmonary hypertension, which leads to severe functional limitation and poor quality of life. The propose of the current study was: 1) examined the acute effects of 40% oxygen supplementation during the 6-minute walk test (6MWT); and 2) evaluate the relation between exercise capacity and clinical cardiac parameters in patients with ES. METHODS: Thirty subjects were prospectively included; all were submitted to a 6MWT with compressed air and with 40% of oxygen. Heart rate recovery at the first minute (HRR1) and perceived effort Borg scale for dyspnea and lower limb fatigue were recorded in both tests scenarios. RESULTS: The 6MWT distance was modestly, negatively associated with pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR) [r=0.46, p=0.02]. Patients improved 6MWT distance (p<0.001) and exhibited a faster HRR1 (p<0.001) with 40% supplemental oxygen compared to compressed air. With 40% supplemental oxygen, subjects revealed lower dyspnea and lower limb fatigue compared to 6MWT without oxygen supplementation (p<0.001). The amount of change in the 6MWT distance from air to oxygen was moderate, positively associated with tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion (TAPSE) and right ventricular fractional area change (RVFAC) [r=0.50, p=0.03; r=0.64, p<0.001, respectively]. CONCLUSION: Acute 40% oxygen supplementation in patients with Eisenmenger syndrome led to an improvement in 6MWT distance, faster HRR1 and lower dyspnea and lower limb fatigue perception. Moreover, functional capacity was positively associated with right ventricular parameters.


Assuntos
Complexo de Eisenmenger/terapia , Tolerância ao Exercício/fisiologia , Frequência Cardíaca/fisiologia , Oxigenoterapia/métodos , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica/fisiologia , Resistência Vascular/fisiologia , Função Ventricular Direita/fisiologia , Adulto , Ecocardiografia , Complexo de Eisenmenger/fisiopatologia , Teste de Esforço , Feminino , Frequência Cardíaca/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Masculino , Estudos Prospectivos
3.
Braz J Cardiovasc Surg ; 31(5): 389-395, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27982348

RESUMO

Objective: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of a cycle ergometer exercise program on exercise capacity and inspiratory muscle function in hospitalized patients with heart failure awaiting heart transplantation with intravenous inotropic support. Methods: Patients awaiting heart transplantation were randomized and allocated prospectively into two groups: 1) Control Group (n=11) - conventional protocol; and 2) Intervention Group (n=7) - stationary cycle ergometer exercise training. Functional capacity was measured by the six-minute walk test and inspiratory muscle strength assessed by manovacuometry before and after the exercise protocols. Results: Both groups demonstrated an increase in six-minute walk test distance after the experimental procedure compared to baseline; however, only the intervention group had a significant increase (P =0.08 and P =0.001 for the control and intervention groups, respectively). Intergroup comparison revealed a greater increase in the intervention group compared to the control (P <0.001). Regarding the inspiratory muscle strength evaluation, the intragroup analysis demonstrated increased strength after the protocols compared to baseline for both groups; statistical significance was only demonstrated for the intervention group, though (P =0.22 and P <0.01, respectively). Intergroup comparison showed a significant increase in the intervention group compared to the control (P <0.01). Conclusion: Stationary cycle ergometer exercise training shows positive results on exercise capacity and inspiratory muscle strength in patients with heart failure awaiting cardiac transplantation while on intravenous inotropic support.


Assuntos
Terapia por Exercício/métodos , Tolerância ao Exercício/fisiologia , Volume Expiratório Forçado/fisiologia , Transplante de Coração , Capacidade Inspiratória/fisiologia , Força Muscular/fisiologia , Músculos Respiratórios/fisiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Ergometria , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Projetos Piloto , Estudos Prospectivos , Adulto Jovem
4.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 31(5): 389-395, Sept.-Oct. 2016. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-829756

RESUMO

Abstract Objective: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of a cycle ergometer exercise program on exercise capacity and inspiratory muscle function in hospitalized patients with heart failure awaiting heart transplantation with intravenous inotropic support. Methods: Patients awaiting heart transplantation were randomized and allocated prospectively into two groups: 1) Control Group (n=11) - conventional protocol; and 2) Intervention Group (n=7) - stationary cycle ergometer exercise training. Functional capacity was measured by the six-minute walk test and inspiratory muscle strength assessed by manovacuometry before and after the exercise protocols. Results: Both groups demonstrated an increase in six-minute walk test distance after the experimental procedure compared to baseline; however, only the intervention group had a significant increase (P =0.08 and P =0.001 for the control and intervention groups, respectively). Intergroup comparison revealed a greater increase in the intervention group compared to the control (P <0.001). Regarding the inspiratory muscle strength evaluation, the intragroup analysis demonstrated increased strength after the protocols compared to baseline for both groups; statistical significance was only demonstrated for the intervention group, though (P =0.22 and P <0.01, respectively). Intergroup comparison showed a significant increase in the intervention group compared to the control (P <0.01). Conclusion: Stationary cycle ergometer exercise training shows positive results on exercise capacity and inspiratory muscle strength in patients with heart failure awaiting cardiac transplantation while on intravenous inotropic support.

5.
Sleep Med ; 16(8): 971-5, 2015 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26071851

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The sleep of patients admitted to coronary care unit (CCU) may be compromised. A feasible and cost-effective tool to evaluate sleep in this scenario could provide important data. The aim of this study was to evaluate sleep with a questionnaire developed specifically for the CCU and to validate it with polysomnography (PSG). METHODS: Ninety-nine patients (68% male; 56 ± 10 years old) with acute coronary syndrome were included. PSG was performed within 36 h of admission. A specific 18-question questionnaire (CCU questionnaire) was developed and applied after the PSG. Cronbach's alpha test was used to validate the questionnaire. The Spearman test was used to analyze the correlation between the PSG variables and the questionnaire, and the Kruskal-Wallis test was used to compare the PSG variables among patients with good, regular, or poor sleep. RESULTS: The total sleep time was 265 ± 81 min, sleep efficiency 62 ± 18%, REM sleep 10 ± 7%, apnea/hypopnea index 15 ± 23, and the arousal index 24 ± 15. Cronbach's alpha test was 0.69. The CCU questionnaire showed correlation with the sleep efficiency evaluated by PSG (r: 0.52; p < 0.001). Sleep quality was divided into three categories according to the CCU questionnaire: patients with good sleep had a sleep efficiency of 72 ± 9%, better than those with a regular or poor sleep (60 ± 16% and 53 ± 20%, respectively; p < 0.01). CONCLUSION: The CCU questionnaire is a feasible and reliable tool to evaluate sleep in the CCU, showing correlation with the PSG sleep efficiency.


Assuntos
Unidades de Cuidados Coronarianos , Transtornos do Sono-Vigília/diagnóstico , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/complicações , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/terapia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Polissonografia , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Sono , Transtornos do Sono-Vigília/etiologia , Sono REM , Inquéritos e Questionários/normas
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