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1.
Dent J (Basel) ; 10(11)2022 Nov 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36354658

RESUMO

Aspergillosis is a fungal infection caused by Aspergillus species, which is contracted through spores that colonize the respiratory tract, causing rhinosinusitis and pulmonary infections. Oral aspergillosis is rare and, when present, may cause soft tissue and bone destruction, generally in immunodeficient patients. Mandibular Aspergillus osteomyelitis is even rarer, with few cases reported in the literature. A 57-year-old Caucasian woman was referred for the evaluation of painful recurrent swelling in the anterior mandibular alveolar ridge, with purulent drainage, previously treated with multiple surgical debridement procedures and antibiotics without success. The patient was otherwise systemically healthy. Surgical debridement was performed and histopathological examination showed osteomyelitis associated with Aspergillus species. Therapy with oral itraconazole (400 mg per day) was administered for 3 months, resulting in complete resolution. No recurrence was detected after 15 years of follow-up. The patient was rehabilitated with dental implants. In conclusion, non-bacterial microorganisms, such as Aspergillus, should be considered in cases of mandibular osteomyelitis that do not heal after surgical debridement and antibiotic therapy.

2.
Head Neck Pathol ; 2022 Nov 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36374445

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS) harboring EWSR1/FUS-TFCP2 fusions has been recently described as a distinct form of RMS with an aggressive course and predilection for the craniofacial bones, especially the jaws. METHODS: We report three new cases of this rare entity, two from Brazil and one from Guatemala, with detailed clinicopathologic, immunohistochemical, and molecular descriptions. Additionally, we explored the English-language literature searching RMS with TFCP2 rearrangement or typical immunophenotype with co-expression of AE1/AE3 and ALK in the head and neck region. RESULTS: Case 1 is a 58-year-old male with a 3-month history of painful swelling in the anterior maxilla. Case 2 is a 22-year-old male presenting with right facial swelling and proptosis. Case 3 is a 43-year-old female with a rapidly growing tumor located in the zygomatic region. Imaging examinations revealed highly destructive intraosseous masses in the first two cases, and a soft tissue tumor with bone invasion in case 3. Microscopically, all cases showed a hybrid spindle and epithelioid phenotype of tumor cells which expressed desmin, myogenin and/or Myo-D1, AE1/AE3, and ALK. FISH confirmed molecular alterations related to TFCP2 rearrangement in Cases 1-2. In case 3, there was no available material for molecular analysis. The patients were subsequently referred to oncologic treatment. Additionally, we summarized the clinicopathologic, immunohistochemical, and molecular features of 27 cases of this rare RMS variant in the head and neck region reported in the English-language literature. CONCLUSION: RMS with TFCP2 rearrangement is a rare and aggressive tumor with a particular predilection for craniofacial bones, especially the jaws. Knowing its clinicopathologic and immunohistochemical profile can avoid misdiagnosis.

4.
Oral Oncol ; 135: 106243, 2022 Nov 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36384080

RESUMO

Low-grade fibromyxoid sarcoma (LGFMS) is a malignant neoplasm of soft tissue, which occurs mainly in extremities. In this study, we described a rare case of LGFMS arising in the labial mucosa, in a 7-year-old male patient, who presented a painless multilobulated growth with an evolution time of 12 months. An incisional biopsy was performed and microscopic examination revealed a proliferation of bland regular spindle cells in an alternating myxoid and hyalinized stroma. The tumor cells showed a strong cytoplasmic immunoreactivity for MUC4 and low cell proliferation index measured by Ki-67 antibody. The diagnosis of LGFMS was established and the patient was referred for surgical treatment at a pediatric oncology hospital.

5.
Oral Oncol ; 134: 106134, 2022 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36183500

RESUMO

This report aimed to describe a rare case of Sézary syndrome (SS) diagnosed in an Oral Medicine service. A 54-year-old female presented a generalized pruritus and erythema of the skin of 2 years in duration, which had been treated with antihistamines, corticosteroids, and hydrating creams, without resolution. Extra-oral examination showed a painful lymphadenopathy on the right supraclavicular region. Ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspirationbiopsy did not detect any abnormalities. The patient's skin was remarkably dry and thickened, with erythroderma, fissures, and ulcerations. The perioral region exhibited extreme peeling and angular cheilitis. Immunophenotyping of peripheral blood revealed proliferation of undifferentiated T-cells and a massive proportion of TCD4+ cells relative to TCD8+ cells. PET/CT examination demonstrated multiple lymphadenopathies, and bone marrow biopsy was negative for neoplastic cell infiltration. A diagnosis of SS was established, and the patient is currently being treated with UVB phototherapy, methotrexate, doxepin, and folic acid, with mostly complete regression of signs and symptoms.


Assuntos
Linfadenopatia , Síndrome de Sézary , Neoplasias Cutâneas , Corticosteroides , Doxepina , Feminino , Ácido Fólico , Humanos , Metotrexato , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons combinada à Tomografia Computadorizada , Síndrome de Sézary/diagnóstico , Síndrome de Sézary/patologia , Síndrome de Sézary/terapia , Neoplasias Cutâneas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Cutâneas/patologia , Neoplasias Cutâneas/terapia
6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36241602

RESUMO

This study reports 9 additional tongue hamartomas in children paired with a literature review. A retrospective analysis was performed from 3 Oral Pathology laboratories. Additionally, a literature review was conducted through 5 electronic databases and gray literature. A total of 9 cases were identified in the retrospective analysis. Females outnumbered males with a ratio of 1.25:1. The age of presentation ranged from 2 weeks to 7 years. The posterior dorsum tongue was the most affected subsite (n = 4). One case was seen in a patient with oro-facial-digital syndrome, 2 cases in patients with cleft palates, and one case with an encephalocele. The most common predominant component was salivary gland tissue (n = 4). A literature search included 79 pediatric patients presenting with 95 tongue hamartomas. A slight female (n = 47) predilection was observed, with ages varying from 15 hours to 19 years. The posterior tongue dorsum (n = 31) was the most affected site. Seven cases were seen in association with syndromes. The most common predominant component was smooth muscle (n = 35). Although hamartomas are rare in the oral cavity, they should be considered in the differential diagnosis of masses involving the posterior tongue dorsum in children.

8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36182650

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Electronic cigarette (e-cigarette) use is growing significantly worldwide, especially among young people. This product has been associated with renormalizing smoking and hindering quit attempts in smokers. Moreover, among nonsmokers, it can lead to subsequent cigarette smoking and nicotine dependence. The present study aimed to assess the epidemiological profile of e-cigarette users worldwide. STUDY DESIGN: A systematic review was performed using 3 main electronic databases (Medline/PubMed, SCOPUS, and EMBASE). Studies were independently assessed by 2 reviewers based on established eligibility criteria. The risk of bias was assessed using the MAStARI critical appraisal instrument. RESULTS: From 4,496 records, 43 were included. Among the 1,238,392 participants, 132,786 (10.72%) were e-cigarette users. The age range with the highest percentage of e-cigarette users was 18-24 years old, with 40,989 (30.86%) males, 34,875 (26.26%) females, and 33.6% being current cigarette smokers. The highest prevalence of users was 52.88% in Croatia and 49.62% in New Zealand. Other possible correlations were observed with e-cigarette use, such as a high level of education. CONCLUSION: Overall, e-cigarette users tended to be male young adults with a higher level of education. The highest prevalence of use was found in Croatia. This systematic review provides valuable information to improve the development of appropriate intervention strategies targeting e-cigarette users for more accurate anti-smoking actions.

9.
Head Neck ; 44(12): 2925-2937, 2022 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36114663

RESUMO

This study aimed to map systemic alterations predisposing to oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) onset. This review was conducted according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses. Five databases were used to access (1) reports of OSCC co-occurring in patients with systemic conditions, (2) prevalence of OSCC among these patients, and (3) clinicopathological profiles. Data from more than 1 million patients worldwide showed that Fanconi's anemia, xeroderma pigmentosum, dyskeratosis congenital, chronic fatigue syndrome, and patients post bone marrow transplantation (BMT) present increased risk for OSCC development. The overall prevalence of OSCC in syndromic patients and post-BMT were 0.65% (95% CI = 0.13-3.11, p < 0.01) and 5.83% (95% CI = 0.00-30.90, p < 0.01), respectively. The certainty of the evidence was moderate. This study demonstrated that some systemic conditions predispose to OSCC. These results present an impact on the screening of OSCC in systemically compromised patients.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Bucais , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço , Humanos , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/epidemiologia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/patologia , Anemia de Fanconi , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço , Neoplasias Bucais/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Bucais/patologia
10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36153299

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: We performed a systematic review dedicated to pooling evidence for the associations of clinical features with malignant transformation (MT) and recurrence of 3 oral potentially malignant disorders (OPMDs) (actinic cheilitis [AC], oral leukoplakia [OL], and proliferative verrucous leukoplakia [PVL]). STUDY DESIGN: We selected studies that included clinical features and risk factors (age, sex, site, size, appearance, alcohol intake, tobacco use, and sun exposure) of OL, PVL, and AC associated with recurrence and/or MT. RESULTS: Based on the meta-analysis results, non-homogeneous OL appears to have a 4.53 times higher chance of recurrence after treatment. We also found 6.52 higher chances of MT of non-homogeneous OL. Another clinical feature related to higher MT chances is the location (floor of the mouth and tongue has 4.48 higher chances) and the size (OL with >200 mm2 in size has 4.10 higher chances of MT). Regarding habits, nonsmoking patients with OL have a 3.20 higher chance of MT. The only clinical feature related to higher chances of MT in patients with PVL was sex (females have a 2.50 higher chance of MT). CONCLUSIONS: Our study showed that some clinical features may indicate greater chances of recurrence after treatment and MT of OPMD.

12.
Front Oral Health ; 3: 945718, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35874125

RESUMO

Background: Radiotherapy and chemotherapy are frequently employed in head and neck cancer (HNC) patients causing significant side effects that impair life quality and prognosis. Photobiomodulation (PBM) has become a growing approach to managing such oral complications. Despite its proven efficacy and absence of contraindications, there is still a lack of universally accepted disease-specific PBM protocols. Objective: A narrative review was conducted to identify the current proposals relating to the use of PBM to treat complications of oncological treatments in HNC patients. Methods: An electronic search in PubMed and Scopus databases was performed with the following keywords: ("photobiomodulation" OR "PBM" OR "laser therapy" OR "LLLT" OR "laser") AND ("head and neck cancer" OR "oral cancer") AND ("mucositis" OR "oral mucositis" OR "dysgeusia" OR "oedema" OR "xerostomia" OR "dermatitis" OR "trismus") until October 2021. Results: A total of 35 papers were included in the narrative review. Oral mucositis was the most studied complication, and advisable protocols are conceivable. Although there is a growing interest in PBM to manage of xerostomia, radiodermatitis, pain, and trismus, literature is still scarce to propose a universally feasible protocol. Conclusions: PBM therapy could significantly prevent or reduce the severity of many side effects related to cancer therapies. More research is needed to obtain recommendations over the preferable parameters.

13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35840496

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This systematic review aimed to identify the molecular alterations of head and neck rhabdomyosarcomas (HNRMS) and their prognostic values. STUDY DESIGN: An electronic search was performed using PubMed, Embase, Scopus, and Web of Science with a designed search strategy. Inclusion criteria comprised cases of primary HNRMS with an established histopathological diagnosis and molecular analysis. Forty-nine studies were included and were appraised for methodological quality using the Joanna Briggs Institute Critical Appraisal tools. Five studies were selected for meta-analysis. RESULTS: HNRMS predominantly affects pediatric patients (44.4%), and the parameningeal region (57.7%) is the most common location. The alveolar variant (43.2%) predominates over the embryonal and spindle cell/sclerosing types, followed by the epithelioid and pleomorphic variants. PAX-FOXO1 fusion was observed in 103 cases of alveolar RMS (79.8%). MYOD1 mutation was found in 39 cases of sclerosing/spindle cell RMS (53.4%). FUS/EWSR1-TFCP2 gene fusions were identified in 21 cases of RMS with epithelioid and spindle cell morphologies (95.5%). The 5-year overall survival rate of patients was 61.3%, and MYOD1 mutation correlated with significantly higher mortality. CONCLUSION: The genotypic profile of histologic variants of HNRMS is widely variable, and MYOD1 mutation could be a potential prognostic factor, but more studies are required to establish this.


Assuntos
Rabdomiossarcoma , Criança , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/genética , Humanos , Mutação , Rabdomiossarcoma/genética , Fatores de Transcrição/genética
14.
Support Care Cancer ; 30(11): 8745-8759, 2022 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35713725

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Teeth with poor prognosis are generally recommended to be extracted prior to head and neck radiotherapy (RT) to reduce the risk of developing osteoradionecrosis (ORN), although controversies have been reported. The present systematic review aimed to determine whether tooth extraction prior to head and neck RT may be associated with a reduced risk of developing ORN compared to dental extraction during or after RT. METHODS: The review protocol was registered in PROSPERO (CRD42021241631). The review was reported according to the PRISMA checklist and involved a comprehensive search of PubMed, Scopus, Embase, Cochrane Library, LILACS, and Web of Science, in addition to the gray literature. The selection of studies was performed in two phases by two reviewers independently. The risk of bias of individual studies was analyzed using the Joanna Briggs Institute checklist for cross-sectional studies, and the certainty of evidence was assessed using the GRADE tool. RESULTS: Twenty-eight observational studies were included in the qualitative synthesis, which showed substantial heterogeneity regarding the association between the timing of tooth extraction and ORN development. Twenty-seven of 28 studies were pooled in a meta-analysis that demonstrated a significant association between an increased risk of ORN and post-RT tooth extraction (odds ratio: 1.98; 95% CI: 1.17-3.35; p = 0.01). CONCLUSION: It was confirmed with moderate certainty that dental extractions should be performed prior to the start of head and neck RT to reduce the risk of ORN.


Assuntos
Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço , Osteorradionecrose , Humanos , Estudos Transversais , Osteorradionecrose/etiologia , Osteorradionecrose/prevenção & controle , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/radioterapia , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/complicações , Extração Dentária
15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35725962

RESUMO

High-risk (HR) human papillomavirus (HPV) infection is recognized as a primary etiologic factor of anogenital cancers and more recently of a subgroup of oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinomas (OPSCC). The incidence of HPV-related OPSCC has increased dramatically in several developed countries in the past 3 decades and is currently the most common cancer caused by HR-HPV in the United States and Germany, surpassing cervical cancer. Consequently, the patient's demographic and clinicopathologic profile has shifted to nonsmoking and nondrinking younger men with higher schooling level and with a history of multiple oral sex partners. Patients with HPV-related OPSCC often show better treatment outcomes and higher survival rates than their HPV-unrelated counterparts, which has led to a change in tumor staging for HPV-related cases. HPV vaccination is emerging as an effective primary prevention strategy, and systematic screening of HPV DNA in blood and salivary oral rinse samples of HR patients is being examined to determine if it may provide a surveillance method and support early diagnosis of HPV-related OPSCC. In this context, a narrative review was conducted to provide an overview of the state-of-the-art of HPV-related OPSCC, including epidemiology, risk factors, clinicopathologic and molecular features, screening, prevention, management, and prognosis.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço , Neoplasias Orofaríngeas , Infecções por Papillomavirus , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/patologia , Humanos , Masculino , Neoplasias Orofaríngeas/patologia , Papillomaviridae , Infecções por Papillomavirus/complicações , Infecções por Papillomavirus/prevenção & controle , Prognóstico , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço
16.
Head Neck Pathol ; 2022 May 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35622296

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Salivary gland tumours (SGT) are a relatively rare group of neoplasms with a wide range of histopathological appearance and clinical features. To date, most of the epidemiological studies on salivary gland tumours are limited for a variety of reason including being out of date, extrapolated from either a single centre or country studies, or investigating either major or minor glands only. METHODS: This study aimed to mitigate these shortcomings by analysing epidemiological data including demographic, anatomical location and histological diagnoses of SGT from multiple centres across the world. The analysed data included age, gender, location and histological diagnosis from fifteen centres covering the majority of the world health organisation (WHO) geographical regions between 2006 and 2019. RESULTS: A total of 5739 cases were analysed including 65% benign and 35% malignant tumours. A slight female predilection (54%) and peak incidence between the fourth and seventh decade for both benign and malignant tumours was observed. The majority (68%) of the SGT presented in major and 32% in the minor glands. The parotid gland was the most common location (70%) for benign and minor glands (47%) for malignant tumours. Pleomorphic adenoma (70%), and Warthin's tumour (17%), were the most common benign tumours whereas mucoepidermoid carcinoma (26%) and adenoid cystic carcinoma (17%) were the most frequent malignant tumours. CONCLUSIONS: This multicentre investigation presents the largest cohort study to date analysing salivary gland tumour data from tertiary centres scattered across the globe. These findings should serve as a baseline for future studies evaluating the epidemiological landscape of these tumours.

17.
Dentomaxillofac Radiol ; 51(5): 20220071, 2022 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35522705

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of the current study was to analyse the demographic, clinical and radiological features of primary aneurysmal bone cysts (ABCs) involving the maxillofacial region. METHODS: Histologically confirmed cases affecting the maxillofacial region were retrospectively reviewed over a 21-year period (2000-2021). Cases were collected from the archives of five Oral Pathology laboratories from three countries: South Africa, Guatemala and Brazil. The information was analysed, with emphasis on the clinical and radiological spectrum. RESULTS: Following the inclusion criteria, a total of 31 cases of primary ABCs were included in the study. A nearly equal male-to-female distribution was seen, with ABCs occurring in males at an earlier age compared to females. Localised swelling was the main clinical presentation. ABCs had a mandibular predominance, particularly in the posterior regions. All ABCs presented as blow-out expansile well-demarcated radiolucent lesions with the majority having a multilocular appearance. Cortical expansion was seen in 91% of cases with loss of cortical integrity being common (78%). CONCLUSION: Primary ABCs involving the maxillofacial region are extremely rare with the majority of current published literature consisting of isolated case reports. The current study is the first large series detailing the radiological features.


Assuntos
Cistos Ósseos Aneurismáticos , Cistos Ósseos Aneurismáticos/diagnóstico por imagem , Cistos Ósseos Aneurismáticos/patologia , Feminino , Cabeça , Humanos , Masculino , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Radiografia , Estudos Retrospectivos
18.
Med. oral patol. oral cir. bucal (Internet) ; 27(3): e285-e293, may. 2022. tab, ilus
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-204660

RESUMO

Background: Pediatric head and neck cancer (PHNC) is rare and its nonspecific clinical manifestations may often lead to delayed diagnosis. We aimed to describe the signs, symptoms, and clinicopathological characteristics of PHNC. Material and Methods: Medical records were retrospectively reviewed for all PHNC cases diagnosed from 1986 to 2016 affecting patients aged 19-years and younger from a tertiary referral center in Brazil. Demographic variables, anatomical site of primary tumors, histopathological diagnoses, signs and symptoms, and patterns of misdiagnosis were collected and interpreted by statistical and descriptive analysis. Results: A total of 253 PHNC cases were included. The mean age was 9.3 years and male patients were more frequently affected (60.9%). Burkitt lymphoma (23.7%), nasopharyngeal carcinoma (15.8%), and rhabdomyosarcoma (15.4%) were the most common cancer types. The nasopharynx (28.9%), cervical/lymph node region (25.3%), and craniofacial bones (8.3%) were the predominant anatomical sites. Tumor/swelling (68.4%), was the clinical finding often presented. The univariable analysis showed association between tumor histology and clinical variables such as sex (p=0.022), age (p<0.0001), anatomical location (p<0.0001) tumor/swelling (p=0.034), pain (p=0.031), systemic/general manifestations (p=0.004), nasal/breathing alterations (p=0.012), orbital/ocular alterations (p<0.0001). Misdiagnosis such as tonsillitis, otitis, and abscess were frequent. Conclusions: Although the clinical findings of PHNC are often unspecific, this study provided signs and symptoms with significant correlations between tumor histology. The suspicion of malignancy should be considered when the main signs and symptoms reported here appear and persist, in order to conduct a timely diagnosis.(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Pré-Escolar , Criança , Adolescente , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/diagnóstico , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/epidemiologia , Rabdomiossarcoma/diagnóstico , Rabdomiossarcoma/epidemiologia , Pescoço , Criança , Estudos Retrospectivos
19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35422409

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this multicentric study was to assess the diagnostic accuracy of a telediagnosis service for oral mucosal disorders. STUDY DESIGN: This study included 100 patients seen at the oral medicine outpatient clinic of 3 Brazilian Dental Schools (University of Campinas, Federal University of Pernambuco, and Federal University of Santa Catrina) from March 2019 to October 2019. In addition to the face-to-face assistance provided by graduate students and the final diagnosis validated by the professors of these institutions, a remote evaluation was requested for these patients through the EstomatoNet/TelessaúdeRS platform. RESULTS: The sensitivity and specificity of telediagnosis were compared with those of the face-to-face approach and found to be 100% and 97.4%, respectively. The concordance between the examiners was 95%, and case management was relatively simple in approximately 60% of cases. CONCLUSIONS: Based on the results, telediagnosis for oral diseases can be considered a reliable method, representing a promising alternative for the clinical support of health professionals, particularly in remote locations.


Assuntos
Doenças da Boca , Brasil , Humanos , Doenças da Boca/diagnóstico , Mucosa Bucal
20.
Imaging Sci Dent ; 52(1): 33-41, 2022 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35387107

RESUMO

Purpose: This study aimed to evaluate the structural complexity of craniofacial trabecular bone in multiple myeloma by fractal analysis of panoramic and lateral skull radiography, and to compare the fractal dimension values of healthy patients (HPs), pre-treatment patients (PTPs), and patients during bisphosphonate treatment (DTPs). Materials and Methods: Pairs of digital panoramic and lateral skull radiographs of 84 PTPs and 72 DTPs were selected. After application of exclusion criteria, 43 panoramic and 84 lateral skull radiographs of PTPs, 56 panoramic and 72 lateral skull radiographs of DTPs, and 99 panoramic radiographs of age- and sex-matched HPs were selected. The fractal dimension values from panoramic radiographs were compared among HPs, PTPs, and DTPs and between anatomical locations within patient groups using analysis of variance with the Tukey test. Fractal dimension values from lateral skull radiographs were compared between PTPs and DTPs using the Student t-test. Pearson correlation coefficients were used to assess the relationship between the mandible from panoramic radiographs and the skull from lateral skull radiographs. Intra-examiner agreement was assessed using intraclass correlation coefficients (α=0.05). Results: The fractal dimension values were not significantly different among HPs, PTPs, and DTPs on panoramic radiographs or between PTPs and DTPs on lateral skull radiographs (P>0.05). The mandibular body presented the highest fractal dimension values (P≤0.05). The fractal dimension values of the mandible and skull in PTPs and DTPs were not correlated. Conclusion: Fractal analysis was not sensitive for distinguishing craniofacial trabecular bone complexity in multiple myeloma patients using panoramic and lateral skull radiography.

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