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2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34511357

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to carry out a systematic review of available data regarding case reports and case series of oral and maxillofacial benign fibrous histiocytoma (BFH). STUDY DESIGN: A search strategy was performed using the PubMed, Web of Science, Scopus, and EMBASE electronic databases. RESULTS: Male individuals (56.89%) were more affected, with a mean age of 34.55 ± 20 years. The buccal mucosa (20.33%) represented the most common site, with the clinical presentation of a painless (86.95%) nodule (98.03%). The clinical hypothesis of a fibroma was reported in most cases (31.57%). Radiographic presentation of intraosseous lesions showed multilocular radiolucent images (55.55%). Regarding the histopathologic features, the biphasic population of fibroblastic and histiocytic cells was seen in 21 cases (39.62%), and a spindle-shaped fibroblastic cell population organized into a storiform pattern was observed in 25 cases (47.16%). CD68 (n = 26) and vimentin (n = 25) showed immunoreactivity in all BFH cases in which they were used. All cases were treated with a surgical resection, and 8.10% recurred. CONCLUSIONS: The current systematic review demonstrated that BFH represents a rare lesion that mainly affects the buccal mucosa of male individuals, and the treatment is mainly surgical with a good prognosis.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34400124

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Infective endocarditis (IE) may cause devastating complications with high morbidity and mortality rates. The aim of the present study was to study the demographic, cardiological, microbiologic, and dental profiles of patients with oral bacteria-related IE. STUDY DESIGN: We present a retrospective study of patients with oral bacteria-related IE treated at Instituto do Coração, Hospital das Clínicas, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Brazil, between January 2009 and December 2019. RESULTS: Of the 100 patients included, 70% were male with a mean age of 45.4 years at diagnosis. The most affected sites were aortic and mitral valves, 60% in prosthetic heart valves, 34% in native valves, and 3% in pacemakers. The most common cause of valvular disease was rheumatic cardiopathy (51.9%), and the most frequent complications were valvular and perivalvular damage (26%). Streptococcus viridans was the most common species (96%), dental caries were present in 57% of the patients, 78% had tooth loss, 45% had apical periodontitis, and 77% were at high/moderate risk for periodontal disease. CONCLUSION: Oral bacteria-related IE among Brazilians was predominant in the prosthetic heart valves of young male adults previously affected by rheumatic cardiopathy. Streptococcus viridans was the main cause of IE, which was linked to patients with a poor oral health status.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34353769

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Radiation-related caries (RRC) is one of the most aggressive complications of radiotherapy (RT) in survivors of head and neck cancer (HNC). Lack of RRC awareness may contribute to the occurrence of this oral cavity complication. RRC may be considered a "forgotten oral complication" by patients with HNC, oncologists, and dentists. The present study aimed to assess the level of awareness of RRC among physicians, dentists, and patients. STUDY DESIGN: Physicians (group 1, G1), dentists (group 2, G2), and patients with HNC undergoing RT (group 3, G3) answered questionnaires concerning their awareness of RRC. Physicians (G1) were divided into group 1A (oncological experience) and group 1B (general physicians/other specialties). Dentists (G2) were divided into group 2A (oncological experience) and group 2B (general dentists/other specialties). Personalized questionnaires were designed for each group. RESULTS: Recruitment was as follows: physicians (n = 124): 1A (n = 64), 1B (n = 60); dentists: (n = 280), 2A (n = 160), 2B (n = 120). In addition, 58 patients answered the questionnaire. In terms of RRC awareness, 46.77% of physicians, 81.78% of dentists, and 24.13% of patients had some knowledge of the problem. CONCLUSION: Patient awareness of RRC was poor. The heterogeneity of answers among physicians and dentists suggests an opportunity to improve patient education and prevention of this serious oral complication of RT.

5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34366269

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To characterize the dental adverse events after head and neck radiation therapy (HNRT) and to investigate the impact of regional radiation dose upon tooth loss outcomes. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective dosimetric-based analysis was conducted to assess dental events affecting post-HNRT extracted teeth and the impact of 3 different radiation doses (<30 Gy, 30-60 Gy, and >60 Gy) upon tooth loss. In addition, post-HNRT extractions outcomes and mean parotid glands dosimetry and salivary changes were analyzed. RESULTS: Sixty-six patients who underwent HNRT were included in the analysis. Radiation caries was the most frequent (67.8%) post-HNRT dental adverse event, and maxillary molars ipsilateral to the tumor were lost earlier compared with the others (P < .001). The odds ratio for post-HNRT tooth extraction risk was approximately 3-fold higher for teeth exposed to >60 Gy (confidence interval, 1.56-5.35; P < .001), followed by an increased risk of delayed healing and osteoradionecrosis (ORN) in sites receiving doses above 50 Gy. CONCLUSIONS: Radiation caries was the major cause of dental extractions after HNRT, and the dosimetric analysis suggested that a high dose of radiation may negatively impact the dentition of survivors of head and neck cancer, increasing the risk of tooth loss and ORN.

6.
Oral Dis ; 2021 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34333825

RESUMO

To integrate the available data published on malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumours (MPNST) of the oral and maxillofacial region. Searches in Embase, PubMed, Web of Science and Scopus were conducted for the identification of case reports/case series in English language. The risk of bias was assessed using the Joanna Briggs Institute tool. Outcomes were evaluated by Cox regression and Kaplan-Meier methods. A total of 306 articles were retrieved, 50 of which reporting 57 MPNST were included. The lesion showed a predilection for the mandible (n = 18/31.57%) of middle-aged adults (~40.5 years) with a male/female ratio of 1.1:1. The individuals were mostly symptomatic with a mean evolution time of 9.6 months. Surgical removal plus adjuvant therapy (especially radiotherapy) was the main approach (51.86%). Recurrence was reported in 39.62% of cases. Nodal and distant metastases were identified in 28.26% and 26.66% of cases, respectively. The 2-year cumulative survival rate was 55%. Independent predictors of poor survival were the presence of neurofibromatosis type 1 (p = 0.04) and distant metastases (p = 0.004). The diagnosis of MPNST is challenging due to the variety of its clinical and histopathological presentations. Local aggressiveness and the potential for metastases are common outcomes of this neoplasm.

7.
Oral Dis ; 2021 Jul 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34273227

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Photobiomodulation therapy (PBMT) is an effective method for the prevention of oral mucositis. However, the effects of PBMT on oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) have not yet been fully elucidated. This study aimed to evaluate the impact of PBMT in an OSCC-patient-derived xenograft (OSCC-PDX) model. METHODS: BALB/c nude mice with OSCC-PDX models were divided into Control, without PBMT (n = 8); Immediate irradiation, PBMT since one week after tumor implantation (n = 6); and Late irradiation, PBMT after tumors reached 200 mm3 (n = 6). OSCC-PDX were daily irradiated (660 nm; 100 mW; 6 J/cm2 ; 0,2 J/point) for 12 weeks. The tumors were collected and submitted to volumetric, histological, immunohistochemistry, and cell cycle analysis. RESULTS: No significant differences in the volumetric measurements (p = 0.89) and in the histopathological grade (p > 0.05) were detected between the groups. The immunohistochemical analysis of Ki-67 (p = 0.9661); H3K9ac (p = 0.3794); and BMI1 (p = 0.5182), and the evaluation of the cell cycle phases (p > 0.05) by flow cytometry also did not demonstrate significant differences between the irradiated and non-irradiated groups. CONCLUSION: In this study, PBMT did not impact the behavior of OSCC-PDX models. This is an important preclinical outcome regarding safety concerns of the use of PBMT in cancer patients.

8.
Oral Dis ; 2021 Jul 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34263964

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To report the clinicopathologic features of acquired oral syphilis cases in South American countries. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Clinical data were retrospectively collected from the records of 18 oral diagnostic services in Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Venezuela, Uruguay, and Peru. Serologies of nontreponemal and treponemal tests were used for diagnosis. RESULTS: The series comprised 339 cases of acquired oral syphilis. Secondary syphilis ranked as the most common stage (86.7%). Lesions were more frequent among males (58.0%) and young adults with a mean age of 33.3 years. Individuals aged 20-29 years were most affected (35.3%). The most commonly involved sites were the tongue (31.6%), lip/labial commissure (25.1%), and hard/soft palate (20.4%). Clinically, acquired oral syphilis usually presented as mucous patches (28.4%), papules (25.7%), and ulcers (18.1%). Skin manifestations occurred in 67.7% of individuals, while lymphadenopathy and fever were observed in 61.3% and 11.6% of all subjects, respectively. Most patients were treated with the benzathine penicillin G antibiotic. CONCLUSION: This report validates the spread of acquired oral syphilis infection among young adults in South America. Our directives include accessible diagnostic tools for proper disease screening, surveillance, and counselling of affected individuals, especially in low- and middle-income countries.

9.
J Photochem Photobiol B ; 221: 112245, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34182186

RESUMO

There is currently no clear understanding on the pathways involved in the process of cell inhibition by photobiomodulation (PBM). The present study evaluated the influence of PBM on the expression of autophagy markers in vitro in an in situ model of oral carcinoma. Oral squamous cell carcinoma (Cal27) and stromal fibroblasts (FG) cultures were used. The independent variables were 'cell type' (FG and CAL27) 'culture condition' (monocultures or co-cultures) and PBM (placebo and 36 J/cm2). The cultures were irradiated from a red LED source for mRNA expression and protein expression analyses. The autophagy markers evaluated were Beclin-1, LC3B and p62 as well as adjuvant markers (BAX Bcl-2, VEGF, CD105, CD34, PRDX1, PRDX4 and GRP78). The Cal27 cells upregulated the autophagy markers upon exposure to PBM both at the mRNA and protein expression levels, providing evidence to explain malignant cell inhibition by PBM.


Assuntos
Autofagia/genética , Luz , Regulação para Cima/efeitos da radiação , Proteína Beclina-1/genética , Proteína Beclina-1/metabolismo , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/metabolismo , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/patologia , Linhagem Celular , Técnicas de Cocultura , Humanos , Proteínas Associadas aos Microtúbulos/genética , Proteínas Associadas aos Microtúbulos/metabolismo , Neoplasias Bucais/metabolismo , Neoplasias Bucais/patologia , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-2/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-2/metabolismo , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo
10.
J Oral Pathol Med ; 50(6): 603-612, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34091952

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Lymphomas in the oral and oropharyngeal regions are relatively uncommon, and their diagnosis is challenging and complex due to the myriad histopathological subtypes. Herein, we report a large series of oral and oropharyngeal lymphomas and compare our data with the currently available literature. METHODS: All cases diagnosed as lymphomas affecting the oral and oropharyngeal regions were retrospectively retrieved from seven Brazilian institutions. Clinicodemographic data and histopathological features were evaluated and described, while a comprehensive literature review was undertaken in order to compare our findings. RESULTS: A total of 304 cases of oral and oropharyngeal lymphomas were obtained, mostly affecting individuals aged 60-69 years (n = 68) with a mean age at diagnosis of 54.2 ± 20.1 years. Males and females were equally affected. Mature B-cell neoplasms (87.2%) were the most common group, followed by mature T- and NK-cell neoplasms (11.2%) and precursor lymphoid neoplasms (1.6%). The most frequent subtypes in each group were diffuse large B-cell lymphomas, not otherwise specified (n = 99), extranodal NK/T-cell lymphomas, nasal type (n = 12), and B-lymphoblastic leukaemia/lymphomas, not otherwise specified (n = 4). The most commonly involved sites were the palate (26.3%), mandible (13%), and maxilla (10.5%). CONCLUSION: Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, not otherwise specified, remains the most common subtype of lymphomas in the oral and oropharyngeal region. Older patients are the most affected, with no gender predilection and the palate and jaw are usually affected.


Assuntos
Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B , Brasil/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Maxila , Palato , Estudos Retrospectivos
11.
J Oral Pathol Med ; 50(6): 565-571, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34091963

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) is a rare disorder characterized by abnormal proliferation and infiltration of histiocytic cells. METHODS: This review focused on the main aspects associated with LCH. RESULTS: LCH can involve single or multiple organs and systems, with bone and skin being the most commonly affected sites. Regarding skeletal manifestations, the jawbones are involved in about 20%-30% of all cases. Such lesions may present as unilocular or multilocular images mainly affecting the posterior mandible. Oral soft tissue lesions may also occur, with the gingiva and hard palate being the most frequently affected sites. CONCLUSION: The diagnosis and management of LCH are challenging, requiring a multidisciplinary approach, with dentists playing a central role since oral manifestations can be the first sign of the condition.


Assuntos
Histiocitose de Células de Langerhans , Gengiva , Histiocitose de Células de Langerhans/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Mandíbula , Pele
12.
J Oral Pathol Med ; 50(6): 572-586, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34091974

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Burkitt lymphoma (BL) is an aggressive B-cell lymphoma with three variants (endemic, sporadic, and immunodeficiency-associated), presenting with specific epidemiological and clinical features. Burkitt lymphoma affects the head and neck region (BLHN) in approximately 10% of cases. The aim of this study was to undertake a comparative analysis of the clinicopathologic and immunohistochemical (IHC) features of BLHN diagnosed in patients from Africa, Guatemala, and Brazil. METHODS: Cases diagnosed as BLHN were collected from the files of six oral pathology laboratory services (Brazil, South Africa, and Guatemala) and one Brazilian pediatric oncology hospital from 1986 to 2020. Clinicopathological and IHC data, and Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) status by in situ hybridization data for each case were reviewed and described. RESULTS: Of the 52 cases, BLHN was predominant in pediatric patients [43 (82.69%)] and males [43 (82.69%)], with a mean age of 11.26 ± 9.68 years (range, 1-39 years). Neck and cervical lymph nodes [14 (26.92%)], and involvement of both maxilla and mandible [8 (15.38%)], were the most common anatomical sites. Clinically, tumor/swelling [40 (31.25%)], cervical lymphadenopathy [14 (10.94%)], pain [12 (9.38%)], and bone destruction [12 (9.38%)] were frequent findings. All cases showed typical morphological characteristics of BL. IHC profiles included positivity for CD20 [52 (100%)], CD10 [38 (79.17%)], Bcl6 [29 (87.88%)], and c-Myc protein [18 (81.82%)]. EBV was positive in 18 cases (62.07%). The Ki-67 index ranged from 90 to 100%. CONCLUSION: The clinicopathological and EBV profile of BLHN in South African, Guatemalan, and Brazilian patients is similar.


Assuntos
Linfoma de Burkitt , Infecções por Vírus Epstein-Barr , Adolescente , Adulto , Brasil/epidemiologia , Linfoma de Burkitt/diagnóstico , Linfoma de Burkitt/epidemiologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Herpesvirus Humano 4 , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , África do Sul/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem
13.
Head Neck Pathol ; 2021 Jun 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34185247

RESUMO

The oral lymphoepithelial cyst (OLC) is an uncommon lesion whose pathogenesis remains poorly understood. The aim of this study was to report the clinicopathologic features of the OLCs and to verify a possible association between OLCs and subgemmal neurogenous plaque (SNP) in the posterior lateral region of the tongue. A retrospective descriptive cross-sectional study was carried out. A total of 106,282 biopsy records of oral and maxillofacial lesions from six oral pathology services in Brazil were analyzed. All cases of OLCs were reviewed, and clinical and histopathological data were collected. Immunohistochemical reactions for S-100 protein were performed to confirm the diagnosis of SNP. Among all lesions, there were 132 (0.11%) cases of OLCs. The series comprised 83 females (62.9%) and 49 males (37.1%), with a 1.7:1 female-to-male ratio and a mean age of 45.8 ± 17.7 years. Most cases involved the tongue (n = 80; 62.0%) and presented clinically as asymptomatic papules or nodules with a yellow or whitish color. Microscopically, most of the cysts were entirely lined by parakeratinized stratified epithelium (n = 89; 67.4%) and filled with desquamated cells, keratin debris, amorphous eosinophilic material, and inflammatory cells in varying amounts. Connection with the epithelium of oral mucosa was observed in 18 cases (13.6%). SNP was found in 9/80 (11.2%) cases involving the tongue. The clinical and demographic features of OLCs were similar to those described in previous studies. Overall, this lesion has a predilection for the posterior region of the tongue of female adults. Clinicians must include the OLC in the differential diagnosis of yellow/white papules and nodules of the oral cavity.

14.
J Oral Pathol Med ; 50(6): 613-621, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34089204

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Plasma cell neoplasms are characterized by the proliferation of a single clone of plasma cells with production of a monoclonal immunoglobulin. They can manifest as a single lesion (plasmacytoma) or as multiple lesions (multiple myeloma). METHODS: Paraffin-embedded tissue blocks of patients microscopically diagnosed with plasma cell neoplasms in the jaws were retrieved from five pathology files. Data including clinical, radiographic, microscopic and immunohistochemical findings, treatment employed and follow-up status were retrieved from the pathology reports. RESULTS: Fifty-two cases were retrieved (mean age: 59.4 years) without sex predilection. The mandible was the most affected site (67.3%), usually associated with pain and/or paresthesia (53.8%). Lesions in other bones besides the jaws were reported for 24 patients (46.2%). Radiographically, tumours usually presented as poorly defined osteolytic lesions with unilocular or multilocular images, while microscopy revealed diffuse proliferation of neoplastic plasma cells with nuclear displacement and abundant eosinophilic cytoplasm. Two cases were classified as anaplastic, and amyloid deposits were found in two other cases. Immunohistochemistry was positive for plasma cell markers and negative for CD20 and CD3, and monoclonality for kappa light chain predominated. The overall survival rate after 5 years of follow-up was 26.6%. CONCLUSION: Plasma cell neoplasms are aggressive tumours with a poor prognosis and involvement of the jaws may be the first complaint of the patient. Thus, oral pathologists, head and neck surgeons and dentists should be aware of their clinical, radiographic and microscopic manifestations.


Assuntos
Mieloma Múltiplo , Neoplasias de Plasmócitos , Plasmocitoma , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Arcada Osseodentária/diagnóstico por imagem , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mieloma Múltiplo/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias de Plasmócitos/diagnóstico por imagem , Plasmocitoma/diagnóstico por imagem
15.
Head Neck Pathol ; 2021 Jun 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34106410

RESUMO

Smooth muscle neoplasms represent an important group of lesions which is rare in the oral cavity. Leiomyoma (LM) is benign smooth muscle/pericytic tumor usually presenting as non-aggressive neoplasm, while leiomyosarcoma (LMS) represents its malignant counterpart. The rarity of these lesions, together with its unspecific clinical presentation and a variable histopathological appearance, lead to a broad list of differential diagnoses, hampering their diagnoses. Therefore, in this study we describe the clinical and microscopic features of a series of oral and maxillofacial LMs and LMSs. A retrospective search from 2000 to 2019 was performed and all cases diagnosed as LM and LMS affecting the oral cavity and gnathic bones were retrieved. Clinical and demographic data were obtained from the patients' pathology records, while microscopic features and immunohistochemistry were reviewed and completed when necessary to confirm the diagnoses. Twenty-two LMs and five LMSs were obtained. In the LM group, males predominated, with a mean age of 45.7 years. The upper lip was the most affected site, and 18 cases were classified as angioleiomyomas and four as solid LM. In the LMS group, females predominated, with a mean age of 47.6 years. The mandible was the most affected site. Diffuse proliferation of spindle cells, with necrosis and mitotic figures, were frequent microscopic findings. LMs and LMSs were positive for α-smooth muscle actin, HHF-35 and h-caldesmon. In conclusion, oral LM/LMS are uncommon neoplasms with the latter usually presenting as metastatic disease. H&E evaluation may be very suggestive of oral LMs, but h-caldesmon staining is strongly recommended to confirm LMS diagnosis.

16.
Oral Oncol ; 118: 105296, 2021 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33933777

RESUMO

Mucositis is one of the more frequent and costly adverse events following cancer treatment. To evaluate and report the direct economic outcomes associated with the management of mucositis across several cancer treatments we conducted a systematic review according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) statement. Scopus, MEDLINE/PubMed, and Embase were searched electronically and a total of 37 relevant studies were included. The costs attributable to mucositis in the hematopoietic stem cell transplantation setting ranged from 1124,47 US dollars (USD) to 299 214,14 USD per patient. The radiotherapy/chemoradiotherapy/radiotherapy plus molecular targeted therapy accounted for mucositis costs that ranged from 51,23 USD to 33 560,58 USD per patient. Costs for mucositis in the chemotherapy setting ranged from 4,18 USD to 31 963,64 USD per patient. When the cancer treatment was not specified, costs of mucositis ranged from 565,85 USD to as high as 20 279, 12 USD per patient. Mucositis costs from multimodal therapy ranged from 12,42 USD to 5670,46 USD per patient. The molecular targeted therapy setting included only one study and depending on the healthcare providers' perspective of each country evaluated, mucositis' costs ranged from 45,78 USD to 3484,91 USD per patient. Mucositis is associated with increased resource use, consultations, hospitalizations and extended hospitalizations, leading to a substantial incremental cost that exacerbates the economic burden on the patient, health plan and health system across several cancer treatments and diagnosis. More studies with a prospective evaluation of the economic costs associated with mucositis management are needed.

17.
Clin Oral Investig ; 25(7): 4329-4340, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34050426

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this systematic review was to examine the evidence of the binary histologic grading system capacity for predicting malignant transformation and to compare it with that of the WHO systems. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A systematic review was conducted, using PubMed, EMBASE, LILACS, Web of Science, Scopus, and LIVIVO databases without any language or timeframe restrictions. Studies were included if they compared the binary and the WHO histologic grading systems in the prediction of malignant transformation of oral epithelial dysplasia (OED). RESULTS: The capacity of the WHO and binary grading systems to predict malignant transformation ranged from 16 to 80% and from 5 to 80%, respectively. The pooled malignant transformation rate of lesions classified as severe dysplasia or carcinoma in situ by the WHO grading was 40% (95% confidence interval (CI), 0.02-0.87; I2 = 92%; P = 0.00), while the corresponding value for lesions classified as high-risk by the binary grading system was 31% (95% CI, 0.00-0.84; I2 = 97%; P = 0.00). Overall, there was no significant difference in prognostication accuracy between the WHO and the binary systems (odds ratio = 2.02; 95% CI, 0.88-4.64). CONCLUSIONS: Although some studies suggest that the binary system is associated with lower inter-rater variability when grading OED, the evidence remains inconclusive on whether this system is superior to that of the WHO at predicting malignant transformation. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: The reproducibility of the binary system has the potential to be better for prognostic purposes. However, there is no high-quality evidence to confirm if this advantage may assist clinicians in decision-making.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Bucais , Lesões Pré-Cancerosas , Transformação Celular Neoplásica , Humanos , Leucoplasia Oral , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Organização Mundial da Saúde
19.
Crit Rev Oncol Hematol ; 162: 103352, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33991662

RESUMO

In numerous types of cancer, the primary tumor site can show a correlation with disease behavior and survival outcomes. In salivary gland tumors (SGTs) this association remains controversial. This study assessed the association between primary sites of SGTs and prognosis. Studies from five databases were assessed and a meta-analysis was performed using studies that presented 95 % confidence interval (95 % CI), hazard ratio (HR) and survival analysis. Gathered information from 46,361 patients showed that site had a prognostic impact on SGTs. Tumors involving minor salivary glands showed worse overall survival (HR = 1.60; 95 % CI = 1.17-2.19; p = 0.003), disease-specific survival (HR=1.63; 95 % CI = 1.12-2.37; p = 0.01), and cause-specific survival (HR=2.10; 95 % CI = 1.72-2.55; p = 0.00001). Tumors from major salivary glands showed better recurrence-free survival (HR=2.31; 95 % CI = 1.77-3.02; p = 0.00001), and locoregional control of disease (HR=2.66; 95 % CI = 1.20-5.91; p = 0.02). Our results showed that the primary site of SGTs has an impact on patient prognosis.


Assuntos
Neoplasias das Glândulas Salivares , Humanos , Prognóstico , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Estudos Retrospectivos , Neoplasias das Glândulas Salivares/diagnóstico , Neoplasias das Glândulas Salivares/epidemiologia , Neoplasias das Glândulas Salivares/terapia , Análise de Sobrevida
20.
Braz Oral Res ; 35: e037, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33909859

RESUMO

Optimizing the quality of referral letters could be the first step to a correct clinical approach for patients. Referral letters should be legible and contain the necessary information to avoid delaying the patient's diagnosis and treatment. However, to date, few studies have been conducted on how referrals are performed in Brazil. Knowledge regarding the quality of referral letters can provide information to better guide health care professionals. This study was aimed at analyzing all referrals received by a single oral medicine service in Brazil. Referral letters were classified into poor, regular, good, and excellent based on key items concerning the primary morphology of the lesion, location, diagnostic hypothesis, symptomatology, time of evolution, consistency, size, and limits. A total of 500 referral letters were evaluated, including 271 (54.2%) from a private service and 229 (45.8%) from a public service. Dentists and physicians had written 475 (95%) and 25 (5%) referral letters, respectively. Among the 500 referrals analyzed in this study, the number of regular, poor, good, and excellent referrals was 236 (47.2%), 203 (40.6%), 58 (11.6%), and one (0.6%), respectively, showing a lack of important clinical information in referrals.


Assuntos
Medicina Bucal , Encaminhamento e Consulta , Brasil , Humanos
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