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1.
Reumatol. clín. (Barc.) ; 15(2): 77-83, mar.-abr. 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS-Express | ID: ibc-ET1-3367

RESUMO

Objetivos: Desarrollar recomendaciones sobre la actividad física y el ejercicio para pacientes con espondiloartritis (EspA) basadas en la opinión de expertos. Métodos: Dos grupos de expertos, uno de fisioterapeutas, rehabilitadores y profesionales de la actividad física y deporte y otro de reumatólogos con interés en EspA, se reunieron para discutir los resultados de grupos focales con pacientes sobre barreras al ejercicio y de una encuesta a reumatólogos sobre ejercicio en EspA. A continuación se redactaron unas recomendaciones preliminares que fueron sometidas a la opinión de los expertos de ambos grupos mediante metodología Delphi a dos rondas. Resultados: Se emitieron 21 recomendaciones que cubren el ejercicio físico, la adaptación al paciente, el modo de dar los mensajes, el manejo del dolor, el tipo de ejercicios indicado y el seguimiento. El grado de acuerdo varía ligeramente entre los grupos de expertos pero en general fue alto. Los ítems discordantes o con poco acuerdo fueron eliminados del consenso. Conclusiones: Se han emitido recomendaciones sobre cuándo y cómo prescribir ejercicio físico y monitorizarlo en pacientes con EspA basadas en la opinión de expertos en espondilitis y en la prescripción de ejercicio. Deberemos confirmar si estas recomendaciones son útiles para la práctica clínica y tienen efecto en los pacientes con EspA atendidos por reumatólogos


Objective: To develop expert-based recommendations on physical activity and exercise for patients with spondyloarthritis (SpA). Methods: Two discussion groups, one of physical therapists, rehabilitation physicians, and professionals of physical activity and sports, and another of rheumatologists interested in SpA, were held to discuss the results of a survey of rheumatologists on exercise and two focus groups with patients on barriers to exercise. Preliminary recommendations were drafted. These were submitted to the opinion of the experts in both groups according to a two round Delphi methodology. Results: Twenty one recommendations covering general aspects of exercise, adaptation to patient, how to deliver messages, pain management, and type of exercise and monitoring were issued. The level of agreement varied slightly between expert groups but it was high overall. Items with poor agreement were removed from the consensus. Conclusions: We present recommendations on when and how to prescribe and monitor exercise in patients with SpA based on the opinion of experts in exercise and in SpA. We must now test whether these recommendations are useful for clinical practice and have an effect on patients with SpA seen by rheumatologists

2.
Reumatol Clin ; 2018 Sep 04.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30193774

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To develop a consensus to standardize the use of Spanish terms, abbreviations and acronyms in the field of spondyloarthritis (SpA). METHODS: An international task force comprising all native Spanish-speaking Assessment of SpondyloArthritis International Society (ASAS) members, the executive committee of Grupo para el estudio de la Espondiloartritis de la Sociedad Española de Reumatología (GRESSER), two methodologists, two linguists from the Real Academia Nacional de Medicina de España (RANM) and two patients from the Spanish Coordinator of Spondylitis Associations (CEADE) was established. A literature review was performed to identify the conflicting terms/abbreviations/acronyms in SpA. This review examined written sources in Spanish including manuscripts, ICF and ICD, guidelines, recommendations and consensuses. This was followed by a nominal group meeting and a three-round Delphi. The recommendations from the RANM based on the Panhispanic dictionary were followed throughout the process. RESULTS: Consensus was reached for 46 terms, abbreviations or acronyms related to the field of SpA. A Spanish translation was accepted for 6 terms and 6 abbreviations to name or classify the disease, and for 6 terms and 4 abbreviations related to SpA. It was agreed not to translate 15 acronyms into Spanish. However, when mentioning them, it was recommended to follow this structure: type of acronym in Spanish and acronym and expanded form in English. With regard to 7 terms or abbreviations attached to acronyms, it was agreed to translate only the expanded form and a translation was also selected for each of them. CONCLUSIONS: Through this standardization, it is expected to establish a common use of the Spanish nomenclature for SpA. The implementation of this consensus across the community will be of substantial benefit, avoiding misunderstandings and time-consuming processes.

4.
Reumatol Clin ; 2018 Jul 24.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30054254

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To generate a quality standard for the management of patients with psoriatic arthritis (PsA). METHODS: We employed qualitative methodology that included: 1) Two focus groups (one with patients with PsA and another with non-rheumatologist specialists involved in the care of PsA patients); 2) A narrative literature review of published documents related to the quality of care in PsA; 3) A nominal group meeting in which 15 expert rheumatologists generated and reached a consensus on a series of quality criteria, as well as formulas or quantifiable objective measures to evaluate them; 4) The Delphi method to establish the feasibility, priority and agreement with the quality criteria; 5) A final generation of standards of care and their attributes. A descriptive analysis of the results was carried out. RESULTS: A total of 59 standards of care was generated, 18 of mandatory compliance, grouped into 4 blocks according to specific objectives: 1) early diagnosis (n=6); 2) optimizing the management of the disease (n=26); 3) multidisciplinary collaboration (n=9); 4) monitoring improvement (n=18). To assess compliance with these standards of care, in many cases, the medical records will be reviewed. Other sources will be the records of the service and hospital and bibliographic databases. Regarding the level of compliance, for some of the standards of care this is yes/no; for others, compliance ranges from 50% to 100% and, in this range, in many cases, compliance was 80%. CONCLUSIONS: This set of standards of care should help improve quality of care in PsA patients.

5.
Reumatol. clín. (Barc.) ; 14(2): 68-74, mar.-abr. 2018. tab, ilus
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-171556

RESUMO

Objetivo. Definir criterios clínicos de cribado de espondiloartritis (SpA) en pacientes con enfermedad inflamatoria intestinal (EII) y viceversa, que sirvan de referencia en la derivación entre Reumatología y Aparato Digestivo. Material y métodos. Revisión sistemática de la literatura y Delphi a dos rondas. Formaron parte del comité científico 2 reumatólogos y 2 digestólogos; del panel de expertos, 7 reumatólogos y 7 digestólogos. El comité científico definió los componentes potenciales de los criterios, teniendo en cuenta aspectos de sensibilidad, especificidad, facilidad de uso y estandarización. A continuación, se realizó el Delphi. Aquellos ítems para los que hubo acuerdo en primera o segunda ronda formaron parte de la versión final de los criterios. Resultados. Cribado positivo de SpA si se cumple al menos uno de los siguientes: dolor lumbar crónico con inicio antes de los 45 años; dolor lumbar inflamatorio o dolor alternante en nalgas; HLA-B27 positivo; sacroilitis en pruebas de imagen; artritis; entesitis del talón; dactilitis. Cribado positivo de EII si uno de los criterios mayores o al menos dos de los menores. Mayores: rectorragia; diarrea crónica de características orgánicas; enfermedad perianal. Menores: dolor abdominal crónico; anemia ferropénica o ferropenia; manifestaciones extraintestinales; fiebre o febrícula, sin focalidad aparente y de más de una semana de duración; pérdida de peso no explicable; antecedentes familiares de EII. Conclusiones. Se han definido criterios de cribado de EII en pacientes con SpA y viceversa. Estos han de ser de utilidad en la detección precoz de dichas patologías (AU)


Objective. To define clinical screening criteria for spondyloarthritis (SpA) in patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and vice versa, which can be used as a reference for referring them to the rheumatology or gastroenterology service. Method. Systematic literature review and a two-round Delphi method. The scientific committee and the expert panel were comprised of 2 rheumatologists and 2 gastroenterologists, and 7 rheumatologists and 7 gastroenterologists, respectively. The scientific committee defined the initial version of the criteria, taking into account sensitivity, specificity, standardization and ease of application. Afterwards, members of the expert panel assessed each item in a two-round Delphi survey. Items that met agreement in the first or second round were included in the final version of the criteria. Results. Positive screening for SpA if at least one of the following is present: onset of chronic low back pain before 45 years of age; inflammatory low back pain or alternating buttock pain; HLA-B27 positivity; sacroiliitis on imaging; arthritis; heel enthesitis; dactylitis. Positive screening for IBD in the presence of one of the major criteria or at least two minor criteria. Major: rectal bleeding; chronic diarrhea with organic characteristics; perianal disease. Minor: chronic abdominal pain; iron deficiency anemia or iron deficiency; extraintestinal manifestations; fever or low grade fever, of unknown origin and duration >1week; unexplained weight loss; family history of IBD. Conclusion. Screening criteria for IBD in patients with SpA, and vice versa, have been developed. These criteria will be useful for early detection of both diseases (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Programas de Rastreamento/métodos , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais/diagnóstico , Espondilartrite/diagnóstico , Encaminhamento e Consulta/tendências , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Diagnóstico Precoce , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais/epidemiologia , Espondilartrite/epidemiologia
6.
Gastroenterol. hepatol. (Ed. impr.) ; 41(1): 54-62, ene. 2018. ilus, tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-170251

RESUMO

Objetivo: Definir criterios clínicos de cribado de espondiloartritis (SpA) en pacientes con enfermedad inflamatoria intestinal (EII) y viceversa, que sirvan de referencia en la derivación entre Reumatología y Aparato Digestivo. Material y métodos: Revisión sistemática de la literatura y Delphi a dos rondas. Formaron parte del comité científico 2 reumatólogos y 2 digestólogos; del panel de expertos, 7 reumatólogos y 7 digestólogos. El comité científico definió los componentes potenciales de los criterios, teniendo en cuenta aspectos de sensibilidad, especificidad, facilidad de uso y estandarización. A continuación, se realizó el Delphi. Aquellos ítems para los que hubo acuerdo en primera o segunda ronda formaron parte de la versión final de los criterios. Resultados: Cribado positivo de SpA si se cumple al menos uno de los siguientes: dolor lumbar crónico con inicio antes de los 45 años; dolor lumbar inflamatorio o dolor alternante en nalgas; HLA-B27 positivo; sacroilitis en pruebas de imagen; artritis; entesitis del talón; dactilitis. Cribado positivo de EII si uno de los criterios mayores o al menos dos de los menores. Mayores: rectorragia; diarrea crónica de características orgánicas; enfermedad perianal. Menores: dolor abdominal crónico; anemia ferropénica o ferropenia; manifestaciones extraintestinales; fiebre o febrícula, sin focalidad aparente y de más de una semana de duración; pérdida de peso no explicable; antecedentes familiares de EII. Conclusiones: Se han definido criterios de cribado de EII en pacientes con SpA y viceversa. Estos han de ser de utilidad en la detección precoz de dichas patologías (AU)


Objective: To define clinical screening criteria for spondyloarthritis (SpA) in patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and vice versa, which can be used as a reference for referring them to the rheumatology or gastroenterology service. Method: Systematic literature review and a two-round Delphi method. The scientific committee and the expert panel were comprised of 2 rheumatologists and 2 gastroenterologists, and 7 rheumatologists and 7 gastroenterologists, respectively. The scientific committee defined the initial version of the criteria, taking into account sensitivity, specificity, standardization and ease of application. Afterwards, members of the expert panel assessed each item in a two-round Delphi survey. Items that met agreement in the first or second round were included in the final version of the criteria. Results: Positive screening for SpA if at least one of the following is present: onset of chronic low back pain before 45 years of age; inflammatory low back pain or alternating buttock pain; HLA-B27 positivity; sacroiliitis on imaging; arthritis; heel enthesitis; dactylitis. Positive screening for IBD in the presence of one of the major criteria or at least two minor criteria. Major: rectal bleeding; chronic diarrhea with organic characteristics; perianal disease. Minor: chronic abdominal pain; iron deficiency anemia or iron deficiency; extraintestinal manifestations; fever or low grade fever, of unknown origin and duration >1week; unexplained weight loss; family history of IBD. Conclusion: Screening criteria for IBD in patients with SpA, and vice versa, have been developed. These criteria will be useful for early detection of both diseases (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Encaminhamento e Consulta/organização & administração , Programas de Rastreamento/métodos , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais/epidemiologia , Diagnóstico Precoce , Espondiloartropatias/epidemiologia , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais/complicações , Reumatologia/tendências , Gastroenterologia/tendências , Espondiloartropatias/complicações
8.
Reumatol Clin ; 14(2): 68-74, 2018 Mar - Apr.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28784316

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To define clinical screening criteria for spondyloarthritis (SpA) in patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and vice versa, which can be used as a reference for referring them to the rheumatology or gastroenterology service. METHOD: Systematic literature review and a two-round Delphi method. The scientific committee and the expert panel were comprised of 2 rheumatologists and 2 gastroenterologists, and 7 rheumatologists and 7 gastroenterologists, respectively. The scientific committee defined the initial version of the criteria, taking into account sensitivity, specificity, standardization and ease of application. Afterwards, members of the expert panel assessed each item in a two-round Delphi survey. Items that met agreement in the first or second round were included in the final version of the criteria. RESULTS: Positive screening for SpA if at least one of the following is present: onset of chronic low back pain before 45 years of age; inflammatory low back pain or alternating buttock pain; HLA-B27 positivity; sacroiliitis on imaging; arthritis; heel enthesitis; dactylitis. Positive screening for IBD in the presence of one of the major criteria or at least two minor criteria. Major: rectal bleeding; chronic diarrhea with organic characteristics; perianal disease. Minor: chronic abdominal pain; iron deficiency anemia or iron deficiency; extraintestinal manifestations; fever or low grade fever, of unknown origin and duration >1week; unexplained weight loss; family history of IBD. CONCLUSION: Screening criteria for IBD in patients with SpA, and vice versa, have been developed. These criteria will be useful for early detection of both diseases.


Assuntos
Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais/diagnóstico , Encaminhamento e Consulta , Espondilartrite/diagnóstico , Técnica Delfos , Diagnóstico Precoce , Gastroenterologia , Humanos , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais/complicações , Reumatologia , Espondilartrite/complicações
9.
Gastroenterol Hepatol ; 41(1): 54-62, 2018 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28882616

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To define clinical screening criteria for spondyloarthritis (SpA) in patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and vice versa, which can be used as a reference for referring them to the rheumatology or gastroenterology service. METHOD: Systematic literature review and a two-round Delphi method. The scientific committee and the expert panel were comprised of 2 rheumatologists and 2 gastroenterologists, and 7 rheumatologists and 7 gastroenterologists, respectively. The scientific committee defined the initial version of the criteria, taking into account sensitivity, specificity, standardization and ease of application. Afterwards, members of the expert panel assessed each item in a two-round Delphi survey. Items that met agreement in the first or second round were included in the final version of the criteria. RESULTS: Positive screening for SpA if at least one of the following is present: onset of chronic low back pain before 45 years of age; inflammatory low back pain or alternating buttock pain; HLA-B27 positivity; sacroiliitis on imaging; arthritis; heel enthesitis; dactylitis. Positive screening for IBD in the presence of one of the major criteria or at least two minor criteria. Major: rectal bleeding; chronic diarrhea with organic characteristics; perianal disease. Minor: chronic abdominal pain; iron deficiency anemia or iron deficiency; extraintestinal manifestations; fever or low grade fever, of unknown origin and duration >1week; unexplained weight loss; family history of IBD. CONCLUSION: Screening criteria for IBD in patients with SpA, and vice versa, have been developed. These criteria will be useful for early detection of both diseases.


Assuntos
Gastroenterologia , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais/diagnóstico , Encaminhamento e Consulta/normas , Reumatologia , Espondilartrite/diagnóstico , Avaliação de Sintomas/normas , Técnica Delfos , Diarreia/etiologia , Diagnóstico Precoce , Hemorragia Gastrointestinal/etiologia , Antígeno HLA-B27/análise , Humanos , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais/complicações , Dor Lombar/etiologia , Reto , Sacroileíte/etiologia , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Espondilartrite/complicações
10.
J Clin Rheumatol ; 2017 Dec 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29215382

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare the functional results of 2 different procedure types, medical or surgical, which are used in treating native joint septic arthritis. METHODS: In this retrospective cohort study, we reviewed clinical registries of patients admitted to a single third-level hospital with the diagnosis of septic arthritis during the period of January 1, 2008, to January 31, 2016. RESULTS: A total of 63 cases of septic arthritis were identified in which the initial approach for 49 patients was medical (arthrocentesis), whereas the initial approach for 14 patients was surgical (arthroscopy or arthrotomy). Of the 49 patients who received initial medical treatment (IMT), 15 patients (30%) later required surgical treatment because of poor progress. The median age of the patients was 60 (SD, 18) years. The group who received IMT had a greater median age than did those who received initial surgical treatment (median, 64 years [interquartile range {IQR}, 54-76 years], vs. 48 years [IQR, 30-60 years]). There was a greater percentage of male patients in the surgical group (78% vs. 42% [P = 0.018]). Thirty percent of the medical group had been receiving corticosteroid treatment (P = 0.018). Results of complete recovery of joint functionality showed no significant differences after 1 year (68% with MT vs. 67% with ST, P = 0.91). Both groups had similar symptom duration until diagnosis, duration of antibiotic therapy (median, 30 days [IQR, 28-49 days], vs. 29.5 days [IQR, 27-49] days), and mortality rate (3 in the medical group). CONCLUSIONS: The results of the study show that initial surgical treatment in patients with native joint septic arthritis is not superior to IMT. However, half of the patients with shoulder and hip infections treated with IMT eventually required surgical intervention, suggesting that perhaps this should be the preferred initial approach in these cases.This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution -Non Commercial-No Derivatives License 4.0 (CCBY-NC-ND), where it is permissible to download and share the work provided it is properly cited. The work cannot be changed in any way or used commercially without permission from the journal.

11.
Reumatol Clin ; 2017 Aug 11.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28807651

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To develop expert-based recommendations on physical activity and exercise for patients with spondyloarthritis (SpA). METHODS: Two discussion groups, one of physical therapists, rehabilitation physicians, and professionals of physical activity and sports, and another of rheumatologists interested in SpA, were held to discuss the results of a survey of rheumatologists on exercise and two focus groups with patients on barriers to exercise. Preliminary recommendations were drafted. These were submitted to the opinion of the experts in both groups according to a two round Delphi methodology. RESULTS: Twenty one recommendations covering general aspects of exercise, adaptation to patient, how to deliver messages, pain management, and type of exercise and monitoring were issued. The level of agreement varied slightly between expert groups but it was high overall. Items with poor agreement were removed from the consensus. CONCLUSIONS: We present recommendations on when and how to prescribe and monitor exercise in patients with SpA based on the opinion of experts in exercise and in SpA. We must now test whether these recommendations are useful for clinical practice and have an effect on patients with SpA seen by rheumatologists.

12.
J Pain Palliat Care Pharmacother ; 31(1): 52-56, 2017 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28287351

RESUMO

Primary bone marrow edema syndrome (BMES) is characterized by the combination of joint pain and distinctive magnetic resonance imaging changes. It has been suggested that the use of bisphosphonate drugs reduce symptom severity. Our objective was to review cases of patients diagnosed with BMES in the last 7 years who had been treated with zoledronic acid. Access to a pharmaceutical database was gained in order to obtain a list of zoledronic acid prescriptions. Based on clinical and MRI criteria for BMES, patients were selected. Baseline pain intensity was evaluated on a scale of 0 to 3 and was also assessed after 3 and 12 months. Functional recovery was evaluated by noting if a patient had returned to carrying out his or her normal daily activities. Out of 633 patients, 17 cases of BMES were identified (8 men), with a median age of 54 ± 14.1 years. The most frequently affected joint was the ankle (9), followed by the hip. Sixteen patients presented with moderate to severe pain initially. Of those patients, 13 had no pain after 12 months. Zoledronic acid is a option in the management of BMES, since 75% of patients treated with it presented with a complete response.


Assuntos
Artralgia/tratamento farmacológico , Medula Óssea/efeitos dos fármacos , Difosfonatos/uso terapêutico , Edema/tratamento farmacológico , Imidazóis/uso terapêutico , Adulto , Idoso , Conservadores da Densidade Óssea/uso terapêutico , Bases de Dados Factuais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Síndrome , Ácido Zoledrônico
13.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 95(42): e5132, 2016 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27759642

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Sialodochitis fibrinosa is a rare disease which is characterized by recurring episodes of pain and swelling of the salivary glands due to the formation of mucofibrinous plugs. Analytic studies ascertain elevated levels of eosinophils and immunoglobulin E (IgE). Imaging studies such as magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and sialography reveal dilation of the main salivary duct (duct ectasia). Treatment is initially supportive, consisting of compressive massages, and use of antihistamines and/or corticosteroids. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In the following, 3 cases of sialodochitis fibrinosa are presented which were diagnosed in a third level hospital during the period of 2008 and 2016, as well as a literature review of all cases reported to our knowledge. RESULTS: Of the 41 cases found, including the 3 of this article, 66% were women with an average age of 45 years old. However, 75% of reported cases were of Japanese heritage. Involvement of the parotid glands was more frequent than the submandibular glands. In more than half of all cases treatment with compressive massages, antihistamines and/or corticosteroids was effective. CONCLUSION: Clinicians should consider sialodochitis fibrinosa as a diagnostic possibility when presented with cases of recurring parotid and submandibular gland tumescence.


Assuntos
Imagem por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Doenças da Glândula Submandibular/diagnóstico , Glândula Submandibular/diagnóstico por imagem , Adulto , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Feminino , Fibrose/diagnóstico , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva , Sialografia
14.
Enferm. infecc. microbiol. clín. (Ed. impr.) ; 34(8): 516.e1-516.e18, oct. 2016. tab
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-156256

RESUMO

Despite the huge advance that antiretroviral therapy represents for the prognosis of infection by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), opportunistic infections (OIs) continue to be a cause of morbidity and mortality in HIV-infected patients. OIs often arise because of severe immunosuppression resulting from poor adherence to antiretroviral therapy, failure of antiretroviral therapy, or unawareness of HIV infection by patients whose first clinical manifestation of AIDS is an OI. The present article updates our previous guidelines on the prevention and treatment of various OIs in HIV-infected patients, namely, infections by parasites, fungi, viruses, mycobacteria, and bacteria, as well as imported infections. The article also addresses immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome (AU)


A pesar del gran avance que ha supuesto el tratamiento antirretroviral (TAR) para el pronóstico de la infección por el VIH, las infecciones oportunistas (IO) continúan siendo causa de morbilidad y mortalidad en estos pacientes. Ello ocurre en muchos casos debido a la inmunodepresión grave, bien ante la falta de adherencia al TAR, el fracaso del mismo o el desconocimiento de la existencia de la infección por el VIH en pacientes que comienzan con una IO. El presente artículo actualiza las recomendaciones de prevención y tratamiento de diferentes infecciones en pacientes con infección por VIH: parasitarias, fúngicas, víricas, micobacterianas, bacterianas e importadas, además del síndrome de reconstitución inmune (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Infecções por HIV/complicações , Infecções Oportunistas Relacionadas com a AIDS/prevenção & controle , Antirretrovirais/uso terapêutico , Avaliação de Resultado de Ações Preventivas , Coinfecção/epidemiologia , Síndrome de Imunodeficiência Adquirida/complicações , Síndrome de Imunodeficiência Adquirida/tratamento farmacológico , Padrões de Prática Médica
15.
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-156257

RESUMO

Opportunistic infections continue to be a cause of morbidity and mortality in HIV-infected patients. They often arise because of severe immunosuppression resulting from poor adherence to antiretroviral therapy, failure of antiretroviral therapy, or unawareness of HIV infection by patients whose first clinical manifestation of AIDS is an opportunistic infection. The present article is an executive summary of the document that updates the previous recommendations on the prevention and treatment of opportunistic infections in HIV-infected patients, namely, infections by parasites, fungi, viruses, mycobacteria, and bacteria, as well as imported infections. The article also addresses immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome. This document is intended for all professionals who work in clinical practice in the field of HIV infection (AU)


Las infecciones oportunistas siguen siendo una causa importante de morbi mortalidad en pacientes con infección por VIH. Ello ocurre en muchos casos debido a la inmunodepresión grave, bien ante la falta de adherencia al tratamiento antirretroviral, el fracaso del mismo o el desconocimiento de la existencia de la infección por el VIH en pacientes que comienzan con una infección oportunista. Este artículo es un resumen del documento de consenso que actualiza las recomendaciones previas de GESIDA respecto a la prevención y el tratamiento de las diferentes infecciones oportunistas en pacientes infectados por VIH: parasitarias, fúngicas, víricas, micobacterianas, bacterianas e importadas, además del síndrome de reconstitución inmune. Está dirigido a los profesionales que trabajan en la práctica clínica en el campo del VIH, con el objetivo de facilitarles una atención de calidad en la prevención y tratamiento de estas infecciones (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Infecções por HIV/complicações , Infecções Oportunistas Relacionadas com a AIDS/prevenção & controle , Antirretrovirais/uso terapêutico , Coinfecção/epidemiologia , Síndrome de Imunodeficiência Adquirida/complicações , Síndrome de Imunodeficiência Adquirida/tratamento farmacológico , Padrões de Prática Médica
16.
Enferm Infecc Microbiol Clin ; 34(8): 517-23, 2016 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27056581

RESUMO

Opportunistic infections continue to be a cause of morbidity and mortality in HIV-infected patients. They often arise because of severe immunosuppression resulting from poor adherence to antiretroviral therapy, failure of antiretroviral therapy, or unawareness of HIV infection by patients whose first clinical manifestation of AIDS is an opportunistic infection. The present article is an executive summary of the document that updates the previous recommendations on the prevention and treatment of opportunistic infections in HIV-infected patients, namely, infections by parasites, fungi, viruses, mycobacteria, and bacteria, as well as imported infections. The article also addresses immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome. This document is intended for all professionals who work in clinical practice in the field of HIV infection.


Assuntos
Infecções por HIV/complicações , Infecções Oportunistas/tratamento farmacológico , Infecções Oportunistas/prevenção & controle , Infecções Oportunistas Relacionadas com a AIDS/prevenção & controle , Infecções Bacterianas/tratamento farmacológico , Infecções Bacterianas/prevenção & controle , Coinfecção/tratamento farmacológico , Coinfecção/prevenção & controle , Humanos , Síndrome Inflamatória da Reconstituição Imune/diagnóstico , Síndrome Inflamatória da Reconstituição Imune/tratamento farmacológico , Síndrome Inflamatória da Reconstituição Imune/prevenção & controle , Micoses/tratamento farmacológico , Micoses/prevenção & controle , Doenças Parasitárias/tratamento farmacológico , Doenças Parasitárias/prevenção & controle , Viroses/tratamento farmacológico , Viroses/prevenção & controle
17.
Enferm Infecc Microbiol Clin ; 34(8): 516.e1-516.e18, 2016 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26976381

RESUMO

Despite the huge advance that antiretroviral therapy represents for the prognosis of infection by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), opportunistic infections (OIs) continue to be a cause of morbidity and mortality in HIV-infected patients. OIs often arise because of severe immunosuppression resulting from poor adherence to antiretroviral therapy, failure of antiretroviral therapy, or unawareness of HIV infection by patients whose first clinical manifestation of AIDS is an OI. The present article updates our previous guidelines on the prevention and treatment of various OIs in HIV-infected patients, namely, infections by parasites, fungi, viruses, mycobacteria, and bacteria, as well as imported infections. The article also addresses immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome.


Assuntos
Infecções por HIV/complicações , Infecções Oportunistas/tratamento farmacológico , Infecções Oportunistas/prevenção & controle , Infecções Oportunistas Relacionadas com a AIDS/tratamento farmacológico , Infecções Oportunistas Relacionadas com a AIDS/prevenção & controle , Terapia Antirretroviral de Alta Atividade , Infecções Bacterianas/tratamento farmacológico , Coinfecção , Humanos , Síndrome Inflamatória da Reconstituição Imune/tratamento farmacológico , Síndrome Inflamatória da Reconstituição Imune/prevenção & controle , Infecções por Mycobacterium/tratamento farmacológico , Infecções por Mycobacterium/prevenção & controle , Micoses/tratamento farmacológico , Micoses/prevenção & controle , Infecções Oportunistas/etiologia , Doenças Parasitárias/tratamento farmacológico , Doenças Parasitárias/prevenção & controle , Viroses/tratamento farmacológico , Viroses/prevenção & controle
18.
Enferm Infecc Microbiol Clin ; 34(2): 122-31, 2016 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26474709

RESUMO

Post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP) can be a secondary measure to prevent infection by human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) when primary prevention has failed. PEP is advised for people with sporadic and exceptional risk exposure to HIV. This consensus document about occupational and non-occupational PEP recommendations aims to be a technical document for healthcare professionals. Its main objective is to facilitate the appropriate use of PEP. To this end, some recommendations have been established to assess the risk of transmission in different types of exposure, situations where PEP should be recommended, special circumstances to take into account, antiretroviral (ARV) guidelines including start and end of the treatment, early monitoring of tolerance and adherence to the treatment, subsequent monitoring of people exposed, independently of having received PEP or not, and need of psychological support. This document is intended for all professionals who work in clinical practice in the field of HIV infection.


Assuntos
Infecções por HIV/tratamento farmacológico , Hepatite B/tratamento farmacológico , Hepatite C/tratamento farmacológico , Profilaxia Pós-Exposição , Adulto , Fármacos Anti-HIV/uso terapêutico , Antivirais/uso terapêutico , Criança , Consenso , Humanos , Exposição Ocupacional/prevenção & controle , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto
19.
Rheumatology (Oxford) ; 54(7): 1200-9, 2015 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25526976

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to establish guidelines for the optimization of biologic therapies for health professionals involved in the management of patients with RA, AS and PsA. METHODS: Recommendations were established via consensus by a panel of experts in rheumatology and hospital pharmacy, based on analysis of available scientific evidence obtained from four systematic reviews and on the clinical experience of panellists. The Delphi method was used to evaluate these recommendations, both between panellists and among a wider group of rheumatologists. RESULTS: Previous concepts concerning better management of RA, AS and PsA were reviewed and, more specifically, guidelines for the optimization of biologic therapies used to treat these diseases were formulated. Recommendations were made with the aim of establishing a plan for when and how to taper biologic treatment in patients with these diseases. CONCLUSION: The recommendations established herein aim not only to provide advice on how to improve the risk:benefit ratio and efficiency of such treatments, but also to reduce variability in daily clinical practice in the use of biologic therapies for rheumatic diseases.


Assuntos
Artrite Psoriásica/tratamento farmacológico , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Produtos Biológicos/uso terapêutico , Espondilite Anquilosante/tratamento farmacológico , Produtos Biológicos/efeitos adversos , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Humanos
20.
Enferm Infecc Microbiol Clin ; 33(1): 40.e1-40.e16, 2015 Jan.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25176009

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This consensus document is an update of metabolic disorders and cardiovascular risk (CVR) guidelines for HIV-infected patients. METHODS: This document has been approved by an expert panel of GEAM, SPNS and GESIDA after reviewing the results of efficacy and safety of clinical trials, cohort and pharmacokinetic studies published in biomedical journals (PubMed and Embase) or presented in medical scientific meetings. Recommendation strength and the evidence in which they are supported are based on the GRADE system. RESULTS: A healthy lifestyle is recommended, no smoking and at least 30min of aerobic exercise daily. In diabetic patients the same treatment as non-HIV infected patients is recommended. HIV patients with dyslipidemia should be considered as high CVR, thus its therapeutic objective is an LDL less than 100mg/dL. The antihypertensive of ACE inhibitors and ARAII families are better tolerated and have a lower risk of interactions. In HIV-patients with diabetes or metabolic syndrome and elevated transaminases with no defined etiology, the recommended is to rule out a hepatic steatosis Recommendations for action in hormone alterations are also updated. CONCLUSIONS: These new guidelines update previous recommendations regarding all those metabolic disorders involved in CVR. Hormone changes and their management and the impact of metabolic disorders on the liver are also included.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares/epidemiologia , Infecções por HIV/epidemiologia , Doenças Metabólicas/epidemiologia , Fármacos Anti-HIV/efeitos adversos , Doenças Cardiovasculares/prevenção & controle , Comorbidade , Exercício , Promoção da Saúde , Estilo de Vida Saudável , Humanos , Transtornos do Metabolismo dos Lipídeos/induzido quimicamente , Transtornos do Metabolismo dos Lipídeos/epidemiologia , Doenças Metabólicas/induzido quimicamente , Doenças Metabólicas/terapia , Fatores de Risco , Disfunções Sexuais Fisiológicas/epidemiologia , Disfunções Sexuais Fisiológicas/etiologia , Abandono do Hábito de Fumar
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