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1.
Int J Pharm ; 587: 119640, 2020 Jul 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32673770

RESUMO

Hydroxyethyl bearing gemini surfactants, alkanediyl-α,ω-bis(N-hexadecyl-N-2-hydroxyethyl-N-methylammonium bromide), 16-s-16(OH), were used to augment phosphatidylcholine based liposomes to achieve higher stability and enhanced cellular uptake and penetration. The developed liposomes were loaded with rhodamine B, doxorubicin hydrochloride, pralidoxime chloride to investigate release properties, cytotoxicity in vitro, as well as ability to cross the blood-brain barrier. At molar ratio of 35:1 (lipid:surfactant) the formulation was found to be of low toxicity, stable for two months, and able to deliver rhodamine B beyond the blood-brain barrier in rats. In vivo, pharmacokinetics of free and formulated 2-PAM in plasma and brain were evaluated, liposomal 2-PAM was found to reactivate 27% of brain acetylcholinesterase, which is, to our knowledge, the first example of such high degree of reactivation after intravenous administration of liposomal drug.

2.
Chempluschem ; 85(5): 958-962, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32412179

RESUMO

Reaction of the electrochemically in situ from elemental white phosphorus generated phosphine oxide H3 PO in a single electrochemical cell, supplied with lead cathode and aluminium anode, with cyclic ketones (cyclopentanone and cyclohexanone) results in formation of secondary phosphine oxides (bis(α-hydroxycyclopentyl)phosphine oxide 2 a, isolated yield 15 %, and bis(α-hydroxycyclohexyl)phosphine oxide 2 b, isolated yield 12 %) with two α-hydroxycycloalkyl substituents at the phosphorus atom. Bis(α-hydroxycyclopentyl)phosphine oxide reacts with [PdCl2 (COD)] (COD=1,5-cyclooctadiene) to give a new palladium complex trans-[PdCl2 {P(OH)(cyclo-C5 H8 -1-OH)2 }2 ] (3 a, isolated yield 11 %) bearing phosphinous acid as a ligand formed via tautomerization of the phosphine oxide. Finally, the cytotoxicity of the synthesized secondary phosphine oxides on tumor and healthy human cell lines was studied. It was found that at a concentration of 10-6 -10-4  M, phosphine oxides 2 a,b exhibit similar IC50 values for the M-Hela cell line (ca. 50 mM), but are non-toxic for MCF-7 cells. For human alveolar adenocarcinoma cells (A-549), only 2 a is active (ca. 35 mM), while 2 b is not toxic.

3.
Bioorg Med Chem Lett ; 30(13): 127234, 2020 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32386856

RESUMO

Here we report the synthesis and biological evaluation of a series of new 2-hydroxybenzylphosphonium salts (QPS) with antimicrobial and antitumor dual action. The most active compounds exhibit antimicrobial activity at a micromolar level against Gram-positive bacteria Sa (ATCC 209p and clinical isolates), Bc (1-2 µM) and fungi Tm and Ca, and induced no notable hemolysis at MIC. The change in nature of substituents of the same length led to a drastic change of biological activity. Self-assembly behavior of the octadecyl and oleyl derivatives was studied. QPS demonstrated self-assembly within the micromolar range with the formation of nanosized aggregates capable of the solubilizing hydrophobic probe. The synthesized phosphonium salts were tested for cytotoxicity. The most potent salt was active against on M-Hela cell line with IC50 on the level of doxorubicin and good selectivity. According to the cytofluorimetry analysis, the salts induced mitochondria-dependent apoptosis.

4.
J Mater Chem B ; 7(46): 7351-7362, 2019 12 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31696196

RESUMO

The purpose of this work was to obtain cationic liposomes based on 1,2-dipalmitoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine noncovalently modified using alkyltriphenylphosphonium bromides (TPPB-n) with different lengths of hydrocarbon tail for targeted delivery to mitochondria. The hydrodynamic diameter and electrokinetic potential of hybrid liposomes depending on the lipid/surfactant ratio were monitored in time with the aim to optimize the composition with sufficient stability and positive charge for mitochondria-targeted delivery. It was found that increasing the alkyl tail length of the surfactant (up to TPPB-14) leads to an increase in the positive charge of the liposomes. The most optimal results of stability were obtained for hybrid liposomes based on 1,2-dipalmitoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine and TPPB-12, TPPB-14. The obtained modified liposomes were loaded with hydrophilic substrates (a model probe Rhodamine B and medicines metronidazole and doxorubicin). This is one of the first examples of fabrication of liposomes noncovalently modified using an amphiphilic TPP cation, with the alkyl tail length of surfactant and TPP/lipid ratio optimized in terms of stability of the liposomes and the binding/release behavior of hydrophilic probes. Using the confocal microscopy method, it was shown that modification of liposomes with a triphenylphosphonium cation results in targeted delivery of encapsulated compounds to mitochondria.

5.
Eur J Med Chem ; 184: 111735, 2019 Dec 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31610378

RESUMO

A series of 2,6-diaminopyridines was synthesized for the first time, containing phosphoryl sterically hindered phenolic fragments in the aromatic core. The antioxidant activity of these compounds was investigated, 2,6-diaminopyridine derivatives were shown to exhibit higher activity in comparison with their structural analogues. For dialkyl/diphenyl [(3,5-di-tert-butyl-4-hydroxyphenyl) (2,6-diaminopyridin-3-yl) methyl] phosphonates, their structural analogues based on meta-phenylenediamine, phosphorus-containing sterically hindered phenols and the corresponding cyclohexadienones cytotoxicity against tumor lines of epithelioid carcinoma of the cervix uteri (M-Hela) and breast adenocarcinoma (MCF-7) has been studied in vitro, as well as on normal human Chang liver cell lines. Diphenyl [(3,5-di-tert-butyl-4-hydroxyphenyl) (2,6-diaminopyridin-3-yl) methyl] phosphonate was shown to be the most active against the epithelioid line M-Hela - IC50 comprises 7.4 µM. It was shown that apoptosis induced by the lead compound proceeds along the internal pathway of caspase-9 activation. It was established that all studied compounds do not possess hemolytic activity.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Antifúngicos/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Organofosfonatos/farmacologia , Piridinas/farmacologia , Amidinas/antagonistas & inibidores , Antibacterianos/síntese química , Antibacterianos/química , Antifúngicos/síntese química , Antifúngicos/química , Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Antineoplásicos/química , Antioxidantes/síntese química , Antioxidantes/química , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Aspergillus niger/efeitos dos fármacos , Bacillus cereus/efeitos dos fármacos , Candida albicans/efeitos dos fármacos , Linhagem Celular , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Escherichia coli/efeitos dos fármacos , Células HeLa , Humanos , Células MCF-7 , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Estrutura Molecular , Organofosfonatos/química , Pseudomonas aeruginosa/efeitos dos fármacos , Piridinas/síntese química , Piridinas/química , Staphylococcus aureus/efeitos dos fármacos , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
6.
Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl ; 105: 110057, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31546380

RESUMO

The present work introduces ternary Ln(III) (Ln = Eu, Yb, Lu) complexes with thenoyltriflouro1,3-diketonate (TTA-) and phosphine oxide derivative (PhO) as building blocks for core-shell nanoparticles with both Eu(III)- or Yb(III)-centered luminescence and the dual Eu(III)-Yb(III)-centered luminescence. Solvent-mediated self-assembly of the complexes is presented herein as the procedure for formation of EuLu, EuYb and YbLu heterometallic or homometallic cores coated by hydrophilic polystyrenesulfonate-based shells. Steady state and time resolved Eu-centered luminescence in homolanthanide and heterolanthanide EuLu and EuYb cores is affected by Eu → Eu and Eu → Yb energy transfer due to a close proximity of the lanthanide blocks within the core of nanoparticles. The Eu → Yb energy transfer is highlighted to be the reason for the enhancement of the NIR Yb-centered luminescence. Efficient cellular uptake, low cytotoxicity towards normal and cancer cells, and sensing ability of EuYb nanoparticles on lomefloxacin additives via both red and NIR channels make them promising as cellular imaging agents and sensors.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos , Citotoxinas , Európio , Luminescência , Nanopartículas Metálicas , Neoplasias , Itérbio , Antineoplásicos/química , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Citotoxinas/química , Citotoxinas/farmacologia , Európio/química , Európio/farmacologia , Células HeLa , Humanos , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química , Nanopartículas Metálicas/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Itérbio/farmacologia
7.
Chem Phys Lipids ; 223: 104791, 2019 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31326390

RESUMO

The study on aggregation capacity of novel imidazolium-containing amphiphiles of 1-(2-hydroxyethyl)alkylimidazolium bromide series and their interaction with bio-objects (DNA decamer, bovine serum albumin, phospholipid) was performed. It was revealed that introduction of hydroxyethyl moiety into the surfactant molecule resulted in 1.5-2-fold decrease of critical micelle concentration. These modified amphiphiles quantitatively bind DNA decamer due to intercalation and hydrophobic interactions with lipoplex formation. The evaluation of membranotropic properties of these surfactants exhibited that initiation of disordering and compression of the model cell wall consisting of dipalmitoyl phosphocholine (regulation of permeability for various compounds) could be achieved by variation of the length of hydrophobic tail of imidazolium-containing amphiphiles. Transition from individual surfactants solutions to their mixtures with protein (bovine serum albumin) is accompanied by 8-fold decrease of aggregation thresholds and characterized by the presence of two critical points. The binding of components of surfactant/BSA binary systems took place through tryptophan amino acid residue of peptide macromolecule.

8.
Molecules ; 24(10)2019 May 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31137548

RESUMO

Deep insight of the toxicity of supramolecular systems based on macrocycles is of fundamental interest because of their importance in biomedical applications. What seems to be most interesting in this perspective is the development of the macrocyclic compounds with biocompatible fragments. Here, calix[4]resorcinarene derivatives containing N-methyl- d-glucamine moieties at the upper rim and different chemical groups at the lower rim were synthesized and investigated. These macrocycles showed a tendency to self-aggregate in aqueous solution, and their self-assembly abilities depend on the structure of the lower rim. The in vitro cytotoxic and antimicrobial activity of the calix[4]resorcinarenes revealed the relationship of biological properties with the ability to aggregate. Compared to macrocycles with methyl groups on the lower rim, calix[4]resorcinarenes with sulfonate groups appear to possess very similar antibacterial properties, but over six times less hemolytic activity. In some ways, this is the first example that reveals the dependence of the observed hemolytic and antibacterial activity on the lipophilicity of the calix[4]arene structure.


Assuntos
Calixarenos/química , Calixarenos/farmacologia , Fenilalanina/análogos & derivados , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Calixarenos/síntese química , Morte Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Difusão , Condutividade Elétrica , Humanos , Compostos Macrocíclicos/química , Tamanho da Partícula , Fenilalanina/síntese química , Fenilalanina/química , Fenilalanina/farmacologia , Eletricidade Estática , Tensão Superficial
9.
Medchemcomm ; 9(12): 2106-2120, 2018 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30746069

RESUMO

Here, we present an approach to novel "hybrid" biologically active compounds based on a combination of sterically hindered phenol and ammonium pharmacophores in a single molecule. The novel target ammonium salts were obtained by the reaction of 3-(3,5-di-tert-butyl-4-hydroxyphenyl)-N-(2-(dimethylamino)alkyl)propanamide with aliphatic bromides or by the reaction of phosphorylated methylenequinones with diamines followed by alkylation with organic bromides. A series of twenty-three novel multifunctional ammonium salts that contain a sterically hindered phenolic fragment were assessed for antimicrobial, cytotoxic and antioxidant activity. The compounds exhibited antimicrobial activity against Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 209p, Bacillus cereus ATCC 8035, Escherichia coli CDC F-50, Pseudomonas aeruginosa ATCC 9027, Aspergillus niger BKMF-1119, Trichophyton mentagrophytes var. gypseum 1773, and Candida albicans 855-653 in the concentration range of 442-0.70 µM. The maximum activity of an ammonium salt among all the types of structure was observed in cases in which a decyl radical was present on the onium nitrogen atom. The most active compounds exhibited antioxidant activity at levels of 0.25 and 0.50 mM and did not display cytotoxic properties towards WI-38 (human embryonic lung cells) and Chang liver (human liver cells) cell lines in the concentration range of 0.70-11.3 µM.

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