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1.
J Prosthet Dent ; 2020 Jul 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32694019

RESUMO

STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: An intraradicular retainer formed by multiple independent glass fiber filaments was developed aiming to allow better adaptation in flattened root canals; however, the performance of the new posts is unclear. PURPOSE: The purpose of this in vitro study was to compare the bond strength (BS) and adhesive interface quality achieved in flattened root canals restored with conventional glass fiber posts (CFPs) and multifilament glass fiber posts (MFPs). MATERIAL AND METHODS: The distal roots of mandibular molars with long oval root canals were endodontically treated, and the obturation material was removed and assigned to 2 groups (n=11) according to the type of retainer used: CFP (WhitePostDC#0.5; FGM) or MFP (CometTail#4; Synca). The posts were cemented with self-adhesive resin cement. The specimens were sectioned (2 slices per third). The most cervical slice in each third was used to evaluate the BS, while the adhesive interface in the apical slices was analyzed by scanning electron microscopy. BS data were analyzed by using a multilevel generalized linear model, and adhesive interface SEM data were analyzed by using a multilevel ordinal logistic regression model (α=.05). RESULTS: Multilevel regression showed a statistically significant difference for the "type of retainer" factor (P=.001; CFP 2.61 ±1.30>MFP 1.59 ±1.54). No statistically significant differences were found for the "root thirds" factor (P=.346) or for the interaction of both factors (P=.114). The failure pattern was predominantly mixed or adhesive for CFP and adhesive to dentin for MFP. A better adaptation of the restorative material was observed in the cervical third for CFP and in the apical third for MFP (P<.001). CONCLUSIONS: MFP resulted in lower BS values than CFP, with a higher prevalence of adhesive failures to dentin and better adaptation of the adhesive interface in the apical third.

2.
Head Neck ; 41(1): 162-169, 2019 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30552849

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The radiotherapy can directly affect the bond strength of the adhesive materials, interfering in the prognosis of restorative treatments, which may be caused by chemical changes in dentin structure. METHODS: Twenty inferior homologues premolars were distributed in 2 groups (in vitro study) (n = 10): nonirradiated and irradiated. The specimens were submitted to the analysis of phosphate (ν1 PO4 3- ;ν2 PO4 3- ;ν4 PO4 3- ), carbonate (ν3 CO3 2- ), amide I, CH2 , amide III, and amide I/III ratio by confocal Raman spectroscopy. Data were submitted to statistical analysis (T test, P < .05). RESULTS: In intracanal dentin, the irradiated group had lower ν4 PO4 3- values (1.23 ± 0.06) compared to nonirradiated group (1.40 ± 0.18) (P < .05), with no difference for ν1 PO4 3- and ν2 PO4 3 peaks (P > .05). The irradiated (1.56 ± 0.06) had lower carbonate, amide III (1.05 ± 0.19), and amide I/III ratio values (0.19 ± 0.06) compared to nonirradiated group (1.42 ± 0.10, 1.28 ± 0.24, and 0.31 ± 0.10, respectively) (P < .05). For medium dentin irradiated group (1.30 ± 0.12) had lower phosphate values compared to nonirradiated group (1.48 ± 0.22) (P < .05). In cementum, there was no statistical difference between the groups. CONCLUSION: The radiotherapy was able to cause changes in ν4 PO4 3- , carbonate, and amide III peaks of root dentin.

3.
Braz Dent J ; 28(5): 597-603, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29215685

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to evaluate morphological features of 70 single-rooted mandibular first premolars with radicular grooves (RG) using micro-CT technology. Teeth were scanned and evaluated regarding the morphology of the roots and root canals as well as length, depth and percentage frequency location of the RG. Volume, surface area and Structure Model Index (SMI) of the canals were measured for the full root length. Two-dimensional parameters and frequency of canal orifices were evaluated at 1, 2, and 3 mm levels from the apical foramen. The number of accessory canals, the dentinal thickness, and cross-sectional appearance of the canal at different root levels were also recorded. Expression of deep grooves was observed in 21.42% of the sample. Mean lengths of root and RG were 13.43 mm and 8.5 mm, respectively, while depth of the RG ranged from 0.75 to 1.13 mm. Mean canal volume, surface area and SMI were 10.78 mm3, 58.51 mm2, and 2.84, respectively. Apical delta was present in 4.35% of the sample and accessory canals were observed mostly at the middle and apical thirds. Two-dimensional parameters indicated an oval-shaped cross-sectional appearance of the root canal with a high percentage frequency of canal divisions (87.15%). Canal configuration type V (58.57%) was the most prevalent. C-shaped configuration was observed in 13 premolars (18.57%), whereas dentinal thickness ranged from 1.0 to 1.31 mm. Radicular grooves in mandibular first premolars was associated with the occurrence of several anatomical complexities, including C-shaped canals and divisions of the main root canal.


Assuntos
Dente Pré-Molar/anatomia & histologia , Cavidade Pulpar/anatomia & histologia , Raiz Dentária/anatomia & histologia , Microtomografia por Raio-X/métodos , Humanos , Mandíbula
4.
Braz. dent. j ; 28(5): 597-603, Sept.-Oct. 2017. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-888687

RESUMO

Abstract The aim of this study was to evaluate morphological features of 70 single-rooted mandibular first premolars with radicular grooves (RG) using micro-CT technology. Teeth were scanned and evaluated regarding the morphology of the roots and root canals as well as length, depth and percentage frequency location of the RG. Volume, surface area and Structure Model Index (SMI) of the canals were measured for the full root length. Two-dimensional parameters and frequency of canal orifices were evaluated at 1, 2, and 3 mm levels from the apical foramen. The number of accessory canals, the dentinal thickness, and cross-sectional appearance of the canal at different root levels were also recorded. Expression of deep grooves was observed in 21.42% of the sample. Mean lengths of root and RG were 13.43 mm and 8.5 mm, respectively, while depth of the RG ranged from 0.75 to 1.13 mm. Mean canal volume, surface area and SMI were 10.78 mm3, 58.51 mm2, and 2.84, respectively. Apical delta was present in 4.35% of the sample and accessory canals were observed mostly at the middle and apical thirds. Two-dimensional parameters indicated an oval-shaped cross-sectional appearance of the root canal with a high percentage frequency of canal divisions (87.15%). Canal configuration type V (58.57%) was the most prevalent. C-shaped configuration was observed in 13 premolars (18.57%), whereas dentinal thickness ranged from 1.0 to 1.31 mm. Radicular grooves in mandibular first premolars was associated with the occurrence of several anatomical complexities, including C-shaped canals and divisions of the main root canal.


Resumo O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar a morfologia de 70 pré-molares inferiores com depressões radiculares (DR) usando a microtomografia. Os dentes foram escaneados e avaliados quanto à morfologia das raízes e canais radiculares, bem como o comprimento, profundidade, frequência e localização das DR. O volume, a área de superfície e o Structure Model Index (SMI) dos canais foram mensurados no comprimento total da raiz. Parâmetros bidimensionais e orifícios do canal foram avaliados a 1, 2 e 3 mm do forame apical. O número de canais acessórios, a espessura dentinária e a aparência transversal do canal em diferentes níveis de raiz também foram registrados. A expressão de sulcos profundos foi observada em 21,42% da amostra. Os comprimentos médios de raiz e DR foram de 13,43 mm e 8,5 mm, respectivamente, enquanto a profundidade das DR variou de 0,75 a 1,13 mm. O volume médio do canal, a área superficial e o SMI foram de 10,78 mm3, 58,51 mm2 e 2,84, respectivamente. O delta apical estava presente em 4,35% da amostra e os canais acessórios foram observados principalmente nos terços médio e apical. Os parâmetros bidimensionais indicaram canais radiculares com secção oval e alta frequência de divisões canal principal (87,15%). A configuração Tipo V do canal radicular foi a mais prevalente (58,57%). A presença de canais em forma de C foi observada em 13 pré-molares (18,57%), enquanto a espessura dentinária variou de 1,0 a 1,31 mm. Os sulcos radiculares nos primeiros pré-molares inferiores foram associados à ocorrência de várias complexidades anatômicas, incluindo canais em forma de C e múltiplas divisões do canal principal.


Assuntos
Humanos , Dente Pré-Molar/anatomia & histologia , Cavidade Pulpar/anatomia & histologia , Raiz Dentária/anatomia & histologia , Microtomografia por Raio-X/métodos , Mandíbula
5.
Restor Dent Endod ; 42(2): 87-94, 2017 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28503473

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Chitosan has been widely investigated and used. However, the literature does not refer to the shelf life of this solution. This study evaluated, through the colorimetric titration technique and an analysis of dentin micro-hardness, the shelf life of 0.2% chitosan solution. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty human canines were sectioned, and specimens were obtained from the second and third slices, from cemento-enamel junction to the apex. A 0.2% chitosan solution was prepared and distributed in 3 identical glass bottles (v1, v2, and v3) and 3 plastic bottles (p1, p2, and p3). At 0, 7, 15, 30, 45, 60, 90, 120, 150, and 180 days, the specimens were immersed in each solution for 5 minutes (n = 3 each). The chelating effect of the solution was assessed by micro-hardness and colorimetric analysis of the dentin specimens. 17% EDTA and distilled water were used as controls. Data were analyzed statistically by two-way and Tukey-Kramer multiple comparison (α = 0.05). RESULTS: There was no statistically significant difference among the solutions with respect to the study time (p = 0.113) and micro-hardness/time interaction (p = 0.329). Chitosan solutions and EDTA reduced the micro-hardness in a similar manner and differed significantly from the control group (p < 0.001). Chitosan solutions chelated calcium ions throughout the entire experiment. CONCLUSIONS: Regardless of the storage form, chitosan demonstrates a chelating property for a minimum period of 6 months.

6.
Braz Dent J ; 27(5): 562-567, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27982234

RESUMO

The morphology, microhardness and dentin permeability of the furcation region of maxillary premolars were evaluated. Ten premolars were cut lengthwise and the furcation region was delimited. In one group (n=10) microhardness was measured in the buccal, central and palatal regions, in the outer middle and inner layers of the furcation, and in the buccal and palatal regions adjacent to the furcation. Knoop hardness was tested with 10 g load for 15 s. Data were analyzed statistically by ANOVA and Tukey-Kramer test (a=0.05). In the other group (n=10) confocal microscopy was used to study dentin morphology. Other 10 specimens were instrumented with ProTaper and immersed in 10% copper sulfate for analysis of permeability under light microscopy. About microhardness, there was no significant difference (p>0.05) among the buccal (39.9±3.1), central (39.5±4.4) and palatal (39.7±5.0) regions of the furcation, or between these regions and the adjacent buccal (39.1±5.8) and palatal (39.7±5.8) regions (p>0.05). The inner layer (42.3±3.7) had significantly higher microhardness (p<0.05) than the outer layer (37.1±3.9). There was a tendency of calcification of the dentinal tubules from the outer towards the inner layer. The percentage of stained area was 12.45±2.0%, restricted to the outer layer. The buccal, central and palatal regions of the furcation as well as the buccal and palatal adjacent regions had similar microhardness values. In conclusion, the inner dentin layer is harder than the outer dentin layer. The dentinal tubules are sinuous and intertwine towards the middle layer. Dye penetration is restricted to the outer layer.


Assuntos
Dente Pré-Molar , Permeabilidade da Dentina , Testes de Dureza , Maxila , Humanos
7.
Braz. dent. j ; 27(5): 562-567, Sept.-Oct. 2016. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-828033

RESUMO

Abstract The morphology, microhardness and dentin permeability of the furcation region of maxillary premolars were evaluated. Ten premolars were cut lengthwise and the furcation region was delimited. In one group (n=10) microhardness was measured in the buccal, central and palatal regions, in the outer middle and inner layers of the furcation, and in the buccal and palatal regions adjacent to the furcation. Knoop hardness was tested with 10 g load for 15 s. Data were analyzed statistically by ANOVA and Tukey-Kramer test (a=0.05). In the other group (n=10) confocal microscopy was used to study dentin morphology. Other 10 specimens were instrumented with ProTaper and immersed in 10% copper sulfate for analysis of permeability under light microscopy. About microhardness, there was no significant difference (p>0.05) among the buccal (39.9±3.1), central (39.5±4.4) and palatal (39.7±5.0) regions of the furcation, or between these regions and the adjacent buccal (39.1±5.8) and palatal (39.7±5.8) regions (p>0.05). The inner layer (42.3±3.7) had significantly higher microhardness (p<0.05) than the outer layer (37.1±3.9). There was a tendency of calcification of the dentinal tubules from the outer towards the inner layer. The percentage of stained area was 12.45±2.0%, restricted to the outer layer. The buccal, central and palatal regions of the furcation as well as the buccal and palatal adjacent regions had similar microhardness values. In conclusion, the inner dentin layer is harder than the outer dentin layer. The dentinal tubules are sinuous and intertwine towards the middle layer. Dye penetration is restricted to the outer layer.


Resumo Estudou-se a morfologia, microdureza e permeabilidade dentinária da furca de pré-molares superiores. Dez pré-molares tiveram a porção oclusal da coroa e os terços radiculares médio e apical removidos. Cortou-se longitudinalmente o remanescente e delimitou-se a furca. As hemi-secções foram distribuídas em dois grupos. Num (n=10), mediu-se a microdureza nas regiões vestibular, central e palatina, nas camadas externa, média e interna e nas porções vestibular e palatina adjacentes à furca. Utilizou-se dureza Knoop, carga de 10 g por 15 s. Os dados foram analisados pelo teste ANOVA e Tukey-Kramer (a=0.05). No outro grupo (n=10) utilizou-se microscopia confocal para estudo da morfologia da dentina. Outros 10 espécimes foram instrumentados com Protaper e NaOCl a 1% e imersos em sulfato de cobre a 10% para análise da permeabilidade. Após preparo histológico os espécimes foram analisados em fotomicroscópio. Não houve diferença significante (p>0,05) entre a microdureza das regiões vestibular (39,9±3,1), central (39,5±4,4) e palatina (39,7±5,0), nem entre essas regiões e as adjacentes vestibular (39,1±5,8) e palatina (39,7±5,8) (p>0,05). A camada interna (42,3±3,7) é mais dura que a externa (37,1±3,9) (p<0,05). Há uma tendência dos canalículos calcificarem no sentido da camada externa para a interna. A porcentagem de área corada foi de 12,45±2.0 e restrita à camada externa. As regiões vestibular, central e palatina da furca, bem como as adjacentes vestibular e palatina apresentaram microdureza semelhante entre si. A camada interna apresentou-se mais dura que a externa. Os canalículos dentinários eram sinuosos e se entrelaçaram em direção à camada média. A penetração de corantes se restringiu à camada externa.


Assuntos
Humanos , Dente Pré-Molar , Permeabilidade da Dentina , Testes de Dureza , Maxila
8.
Braz Dent J ; 26(1): 79-85, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25672390

RESUMO

This paper describes two cases of instrument fragment removal from the apical thirds of root canals using a customized extractor and a modified needle technique, respectively. In case 1, a customized extractor was manufactured to remove a bur fragment located in the apical root canal of a maxillary central incisor. The use of this extractor enabled successful and conservative removal of the instrument fragment. In case 2, a modified injection needle was used as a trepan to gain access around an instrument fragment located in the curved apical portion of the mesiobuccal canal of a mandibular molar. A segment of steel wire was inserted into the needle lumen to engage the metallic fragment, enabling its removal with counter-clockwise rotation and a simultaneous pull-out motion. Alternative and creative methods are useful for the management of intracanal metallic fragments during root canal treatment.


Assuntos
Corpos Estranhos/terapia , Tratamento do Canal Radicular/instrumentação , Brasil , Criança , Instrumentos Odontológicos , Desenho de Equipamento , Falha de Equipamento , Feminino , Humanos , Incisivo , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Dente Molar , Agulhas
9.
Braz. dent. j ; 26(1): 79-85, Jan-Feb/2015. graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-735842

RESUMO

This paper describes two cases of instrument fragment removal from the apical thirds of root canals using a customized extractor and a modified needle technique, respectively. In case 1, a customized extractor was manufactured to remove a bur fragment located in the apical root canal of a maxillary central incisor. The use of this extractor enabled successful and conservative removal of the instrument fragment. In case 2, a modified injection needle was used as a trepan to gain access around an instrument fragment located in the curved apical portion of the mesiobuccal canal of a mandibular molar. A segment of steel wire was inserted into the needle lumen to engage the metallic fragment, enabling its removal with counter-clockwise rotation and a simultaneous pull-out motion. Alternative and creative methods are useful for the management of intracanal metallic fragments during root canal treatment.


Este relato descreve dois casos de remoção de fragmentos de instrumentos de terços apicais de canais radiculares utilizando um extrator personalizado e técnica da agulha modificada, respectivamente. No Caso 1, um extrator foi fabricado para remover fragmento de broca localizado no terço apical do canal radicular de um incisivo central superior. O uso deste extrator permitiu a remoção bem sucedida e conservadora do fragmento de instrumento. No Caso 2, uma agulha para anestesia modificada foi utilizada como um trépano para ganhar acesso ao redor de um fragmento de instrumento localizado na porção apical curva do canal mésio-vestibular de um molar inferior. Um segmento de fio de aço foi inserido no lúmen da agulha para envolver o fragmento metálico, permitindo sua remoção com rotação no sentido anti-horário e simultâneo movimento de retração. Métodos alternativos e criativos são úteis para a remoção intracanal de fragmentos metálicos durante o tratamento endodôntico.


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Criança , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Corpos Estranhos/terapia , Tratamento do Canal Radicular/instrumentação , Brasil , Instrumentos Odontológicos , Desenho de Equipamento , Falha de Equipamento , Incisivo , Dente Molar , Agulhas
10.
Braz. dent. j ; 25(6): 571-575, Nov-Dec/2014. graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-732261

RESUMO

This case report describes root canal filling performed over a large S1 ProTaper file fragment in a second mandibular molar with irreversible pulpitis. An S1 ProTaper file was fractured during the instrumentation of the mesiobuccal canal. Approximately 10 mm of file fragment remained in the apical and middle thirds of the canal. The obturation was performed over this fragment using thermomechanically compacted gutta-percha and sealer. Radiographic findings and the absence of clinical signs and symptoms at 3-year follow up indicated successful treatment. Cone-beam computed tomography images revealed absence of periapical lesion and details of intracanal file fragment related to root fillings and apex morphology. In this case, the presence of a large intracanal fractured instrument did not have a negative impact on the endodontic prognosis during the follow up evaluation period.


Este relato de caso descreve a obturação do canal radicular realizada sobre um grande fragmento da lima ProTaper S1 em um segundo molar inferior com pulpite irreversível. Uma lima ProTaper S1 fraturou durante a instrumentação do canal mésio-vestibular. Aproximadamente 10 mm de remanescente do fragmento da lima permaneceu nos terços apical e médio do canal. A obturação foi realizada sobre este fragmento usando guta-percha compactada termomecanicamente e cimento endodôntico. Achados radiográficos e ausência de sinais e sintomas clínicos após 3 anos de acompanhamento indicaram o sucesso do tratamento. Imagens de tomografia computadorizada de feixes cônicos revelaram a ausência de lesão periapical e detalhes do fragmento da lima intracanal relacionados à obturação do canal radicular e à morfologia do ápice. Neste caso, a presença de grande instrumento fraturado intracanal não teve impacto negativo no prognóstico endodôntico durante o período de acompanhamento.


Assuntos
Técnicas Bacteriológicas , Campylobacter/ultraestrutura , Centrifugação com Gradiente de Concentração , Membrana Celular/análise , Membrana Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Eletroforese em Gel de Poliacrilamida , Ácido Edético/farmacologia , Octoxinol , Polietilenoglicóis/farmacologia , Sarcosina/análogos & derivados , Sarcosina/farmacologia
11.
Braz. dent. j ; 25(6): 508-518, Nov-Dec/2014. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-732262

RESUMO

The postural risk factors for dentists include the ease of vision in the workplace, cold, vibration and mechanical pressure in tissues, incorrect posture, functional fixity, cognitive requirements and work-related organizational and psychosocial factors. The objective was to analyze the posture of endodontists at the workplace. Eighteen right-handed endodontists aged 25 to 60 years (34±3) participated in the study. Electromyography, kinemetry, ergonomic scales (RULA and Couto's checklist) and biophotogrammetry were used to analyze the posture of endodontists during root canal treatment of the maxillary right first and second molars using rotary and manual instrumentation. The variations observed in the electromyographic activities during the performance of rotary and manual techniques suggest that the fibers of the longissimus region, anterior and medium deltoid, medium trapezium, biceps, triceps brachii, brachioradialis and short thumb abductor muscles underwent adaptations to provide more accurate functional movements. Computerized kinemetry and biophotogrammetry showed that, as far as posture is concerned, rotary technique was more demanding than the manual technique. In conclusion, the group of endodontists evaluated in this study exhibited posture disorders regardless of whether the rotary or manual technique was used.


Os fatores de risco posturais para cirurgiões dentistas incluem o acesso a visão no local de trabalho, frio, vibração, pressão mecânica nos tecidos, postura incorreta, alterações funcionais, requisitos cognitivos e fatores organizacionais e psicossociais relacionados com o trabalho. O objetivo é analisar a postura dos endodontistas no local de trabalho. Participaram dezoito endodontistas destros com idades entre as idades de 25 e 60 anos (34±3). Nesta pesquisa foi utilizado a eletromiografia, cinemetria, escalas de ergonomia (do RULA e Couto checklist) e biofotogrametria para analisar a postura dos endodontistas durante o preparo químico-mecânico do sistema de canais radiculares para primeiros e segundos molares superiores direitos, utilizando a instrumentação rotatória e manual. As variações observadas nas atividades eletromiográficas durante a execução das técnicas rotatórias e manuais sugerem que as fibras da região dos músculos longuíssimo, deltóide anterior e médio, trapézio médio, bíceps, tríceps braquial, braquiorradial e músculos abdutores curtos do polegar passaram por adaptações para promover movimentos funcionais mais precisos. A cinemetria e biofotogrametria computadorizada mostraram que a técnica rotatória foi mais exigente da postura corporal do que a técnica manual. Em conclusão, os endodontistas estudados apresentaram distúrbios de postura, independentemente da técnica utilizada, rotatória ou manual.


Assuntos
Compostos Azo/análise , Corantes/análise , Naftóis/análise , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise , Poluentes da Água/análise , p-Dimetilaminoazobenzeno/análise , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Espectrofotometria Ultravioleta
12.
Braz Dent J ; 25(6): 508-18, 2014.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25590197

RESUMO

The postural risk factors for dentists include the ease of vision in the workplace, cold, vibration and mechanical pressure in tissues, incorrect posture, functional fixity, cognitive requirements and work-related organizational and psychosocial factors. The objective was to analyze the posture of endodontists at the workplace. Eighteen right-handed endodontists aged 25 to 60 years (34±3) participated in the study. Electromyography, kinemetry, ergonomic scales (RULA and Couto's checklist) and biophotogrammetry were used to analyze the posture of endodontists during root canal treatment of the maxillary right first and second molars using rotary and manual instrumentation. The variations observed in the electromyographic activities during the performance of rotary and manual techniques suggest that the fibers of the longissimus region, anterior and medium deltoid, medium trapezium, biceps, triceps brachii, brachioradialis and short thumb abductor muscles underwent adaptations to provide more accurate functional movements. Computerized kinemetry and biophotogrammetry showed that, as far as posture is concerned, rotary technique was more demanding than the manual technique. In conclusion, the group of endodontists evaluated in this study exhibited posture disorders regardless of whether the rotary or manual technique was used.


Assuntos
Endodontia , Ergonomia , Doenças Profissionais/etiologia , Doenças Profissionais/fisiopatologia , Postura/fisiologia , Adulto , Lista de Checagem , Eletromiografia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores de Risco
13.
Braz Dent J ; 25(6): 571-5, 2014.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25590208

RESUMO

This case report describes root canal filling performed over a large S1 ProTaper file fragment in a second mandibular molar with irreversible pulpitis. An S1 ProTaper file was fractured during the instrumentation of the mesiobuccal canal. Approximately 10 mm of file fragment remained in the apical and middle thirds of the canal. The obturation was performed over this fragment using thermomechanically compacted gutta-percha and sealer. Radiographic findings and the absence of clinical signs and symptoms at 3-year follow up indicated successful treatment. Cone-beam computed tomography images revealed absence of periapical lesion and details of intracanal file fragment related to root fillings and apex morphology. In this case, the presence of a large intracanal fractured instrument did not have a negative impact on the endodontic prognosis during the follow up evaluation period.


Assuntos
Pulpite/cirurgia , Obturação do Canal Radicular/instrumentação , Tomografia Computadorizada de Feixe Cônico , Instrumentos Odontológicos , Falha de Equipamento , Feminino , Guta-Percha , Humanos , Mandíbula , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Dente Molar
14.
Braz. dent. j ; 24(6): 575-579, Nov-Dec/2013. graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-697655

RESUMO

Maxillary molars present variable root canal and root morphologies. This report describes the endodontic management of two cases of midbuccal canals found in maxillary molars. Midbuccal canals were present in a maxillary first molar with a single buccal root (Case 1), and in a maxillary second molar with three buccal roots (Case 2). An assessment of the internal configuration of these teeth was performed using cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT). Magnification with a dental operating microscope, surgical loupes, and the use of an endodontic explorer enabled the identification of the midbuccal canal orifices. The root canals in both cases were chemomechanically prepared and filled. Postobturation radiographic images revealed four (one midbuccal, two mesiobuccal and one palatal) and five (one midbuccal, two mesiobuccal, one distobuccal and one palatal) root canals, which were filled in Cases 1 and 2, respectively. Complex canal configurations of maxillary molars including the presence of midbuccal canals were presented. CBCT was a valuable tool in this diagnosis, as it provided a precise description of these unusual anatomical variations.


Molares superiores apresentam morfologias radiculares e canais radiculares variáveis. Este relato de caso descreve o manejo endodôntico de dois casos de canais mésio-centrais (MC) encontrados em molares superiores. Canais MC estavam presente em um primeiro molar superior com uma única raiz vestibular (Caso 1), e em um segundo molar com três raízes vestibulares (Caso 2). Uma avaliação da configuração interna destes dentes foi realizada usando tomografia computadorizada de feixe cônico (TCFC). Ampliação com microscópio operatório odontológico, lupas cirúrgicas e o uso de um explorador endodôntico possibilitaram a identificação dos orifícios dos canais MC. Os canais radiculares dos dois casos foram preparados e obturados. Imagens radiográficas pós-obturação revelaram quatro (um MC, dois mésio-vestibulares e um palatino) e cinco (um MC, dois mésio-vestibulares, um disto-palatino e um palatino) canais radiculares, que foram obturados nos Casos 1 e 2, respectivamente. Configurações complexas de canais em molares superiores, incluindo a presença de canais MC foram apresentadas. TCFC foi uma ferramenta útil no diagnóstico e propiciou uma descrição precisa destas variações anatômicas incomuns.


Assuntos
Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Tomografia Computadorizada de Feixe Cônico , Dente Molar , Dente Molar/cirurgia , Pulpite , Pulpite/cirurgia , Tratamento do Canal Radicular , Maxila
15.
Braz Dent J ; 24(6): 575-9, 2013.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24474352

RESUMO

Maxillary molars present variable root canal and root morphologies. This report describes the endodontic management of two cases of midbuccal canals found in maxillary molars. Midbuccal canals were present in a maxillary first molar with a single buccal root (Case 1), and in a maxillary second molar with three buccal roots (Case 2). An assessment of the internal configuration of these teeth was performed using cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT). Magnification with a dental operating microscope, surgical loupes, and the use of an endodontic explorer enabled the identification of the midbuccal canal orifices. The root canals in both cases were chemomechanically prepared and filled. Postobturation radiographic images revealed four (one midbuccal, two mesiobuccal and one palatal) and five (one midbuccal, two mesiobuccal, one distobuccal and one palatal) root canals, which were filled in Cases 1 and 2, respectively. Complex canal configurations of maxillary molars including the presence of midbuccal canals were presented. CBCT was a valuable tool in this diagnosis, as it provided a precise description of these unusual anatomical variations.


Assuntos
Tomografia Computadorizada de Feixe Cônico , Dente Molar/diagnóstico por imagem , Dente Molar/cirurgia , Pulpite/diagnóstico por imagem , Pulpite/cirurgia , Tratamento do Canal Radicular , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Maxila/diagnóstico por imagem , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
16.
Braz Dent J ; 23(1): 49-53, 2012.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22460315

RESUMO

This in vitro study compared different ultrasonic vibration modes for intraradicular cast post removal. The crowns of 24 maxillary canines were removed, the roots were embedded in acrylic resin blocks, and the canals were treated endodontically. The post holes were prepared and root canal impressions were taken with self-cured resin acrylic. After casting, the posts were cemented with zinc phosphate cement. The samples were randomly distributed into 3 groups (n=8): G1: no ultrasonic vibration (control); G2: tip of the ultrasonic device positioned perpendicularly to core surface and close to the incisal edge; and G3: tip of the ultrasonic device positioned perpendicularly to core surface at cervical region, close to the line of cementation. An Enac OE-5 ultrasound unit with an ST-09 tip was used. All samples were submitted to the tensile test using an universal testing machine at a crosshead speed of 1 mm/min. Data were subjected to one-way ANOVA and Tukey's post-hoc tests (α=0.05). Mean values of the load to dislodge the posts (MPa) were: G1 = 4.6 (± 1.4) A; G2 = 2.8 (± 0.9) B, and G3= 0.9 (± 0.3) C. Therefore, the ultrasonic vibration applied with the tip of device close to the core's cervical area showed higher ability to reduce the retention of cast post to root canal.


Assuntos
Descolagem Dentária/instrumentação , Técnica para Retentor Intrarradicular/instrumentação , Ultrassom/instrumentação , Vibração , Cimento de Fosfato de Zinco/química , Análise de Variância , Cimentação , Dente Canino/cirurgia , Análise do Estresse Dentário/métodos , Humanos , Técnicas In Vitro , Tratamento do Canal Radicular/métodos
17.
Braz Dent J ; 23(6): 654-8, 2012.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23338256

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of irrigation regimens on dentin microhardness at the furcation area of mandibular molars, using sodium hypochlorite and ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA), individually and in alternation. The occlusal surface and the roots of 20 non-carious extracted human permanent mandibular molars were cut transversally and discarded. The tooth blocks were embedded in acrylic resin and randomly assigned to 4 groups (n=5) according to the irrigating regimens: 1% NaOCl solution, 17% EDTA solution, 1% NaOCl and 17% EDTA and distilled water (control). Knoop microhardness of dentin at the furcation area was evaluated. Data were analyzed using one-way ANOVA and Tukey's multiple comparison tests (α=0.05). The results of this study indicated that all irrigation solutions, except for distilled water (control), decreased dentin microhardness. EDTA did not show a significant difference with NaOCl/EDTA (p>0.05), but showed a significant difference with NaOCl (p<0.01). EDTA and NaOCl/EDTA showed a maximum decrease in microhardness. The 17% EDTA solution, either alone or in combination with 1% NaOCl reduced significantly dentin microhardness at the furcation area of mandibular molars.


Assuntos
Cavidade Pulpar/efeitos dos fármacos , Dentina/efeitos dos fármacos , Ácido Edético/farmacologia , Dente Molar/efeitos dos fármacos , Irrigantes do Canal Radicular/farmacologia , Hipoclorito de Sódio/farmacologia , Análise do Estresse Dentário/instrumentação , Dureza , Humanos , Mandíbula , Teste de Materiais , Preparo de Canal Radicular/métodos , Raiz Dentária/efeitos dos fármacos
18.
Braz Dent J ; 23(6): 692-7, 2012.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23338262

RESUMO

This study evaluated the effectiveness of different sealants applied to a nanofiller composite resin. Forty specimens of Filtek Z-350 were obtained after inserting the material in a 6x3 mm stainless steel mold followed by light activation for 20 s. The groups were divided (n=10) according to the surface treatment applied: Control group (no surface treatment), Fortify, Fortify Plus and Biscover LV. The specimens were subjected to simulated toothbrushing using a 200 g load and 250 strokes/min to simulate 1 week, 1, 3 and 6 months and 1 and 3 years in the mouth, considering 10,000 cycles equivalent to 1 year of toothbrushing. Oral-B soft-bristle-tip toothbrush heads and Colgate Total dentifrice at a 1:2 water-dilution were used. After each simulated time, surface roughness was assessed in random triplicate readings. The data were submitted to two-way ANOVA and Tukey's test at a 95% confidence level. The specimens were observed under scanning electron microscopy (SEM) after each toothbrushing cycle. The control group was not significantly different (p>0.05) from the other groups, except for Fortify Plus (p<0.05), which was rougher. No significant differences (p>0.05) were observed at the 1-month assessment between the experimental and control groups. Fortify and Fortify Plus presented a rougher surface over time, differing from the baseline (p<0.05). Biscover LV did not differ (p>0.05) from the baseline at any time. None of the experimental groups showed a significantly better performance (p>0.05) than the control group at any time. SEM confirmed the differences found during the roughness testing. Surface penetrating sealants did not improve the roughness of nanofiller composite resin.


Assuntos
Resinas Compostas/química , Materiais Dentários/química , Nanocompostos/química , Cimentos de Resina/química , Acrilatos/química , Humanos , Cura Luminosa de Adesivos Dentários , Teste de Materiais , Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura , Polimerização , Estresse Mecânico , Propriedades de Superfície , Fatores de Tempo , Escovação Dentária/instrumentação , Cremes Dentais/química
19.
Braz. dent. j ; 23(1): 49-53, 2012. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-618005

RESUMO

This in vitro study compared different ultrasonic vibration modes for intraradicular cast post removal. The crowns of 24 maxillary canines were removed, the roots were embedded in acrylic resin blocks, and the canals were treated endodontically. The post holes were prepared and root canal impressions were taken with self-cured resin acrylic. After casting, the posts were cemented with zinc phosphate cement. The samples were randomly distributed into 3 groups (n=8): G1: no ultrasonic vibration (control); G2: tip of the ultrasonic device positioned perpendicularly to core surface and close to the incisal edge; and G3: tip of the ultrasonic device positioned perpendicularly to core surface at cervical region, close to the line of cementation. An Enac OE-5 ultrasound unit with an ST-09 tip was used. All samples were submitted to the tensile test using an universal testing machine at a crosshead speed of 1 mm/min. Data were subjected to one-way ANOVA and Tukey's post-hoc tests (α=0.05). Mean values of the load to dislodge the posts (MPa) were: G1 = 4.6 (± 1.4) A; G2 = 2.8 (± 0.9) B, and G3= 0.9 (± 0.3) C. Therefore, the ultrasonic vibration applied with the tip of device close to the core's cervical area showed higher ability to reduce the retention of cast post to root canal.


Este estudo in vitro comparou diferentes modos de vibração ultra-sônica na remoção de pinos intra-radiculares fundidos. As coroas de 24 caninos superiores foram removidas, as raízes foram incluídas em blocos de resina acrílica e tratadas endodonticamente. Os espaços para os pinos intra-radiculares foram preparados e depois moldados com resina acrílica autopolimerizável. Após a fundição, os pinos intra-radiculares foram cimentados com cimento de fosfato de zinco. As amostras foram distribuídas aleatoriamente em três grupos (n=8): G1: sem vibração ultra-sônica (controle), G2: ponta do aparelho ultra-sônico posicionada perpendicularmente à superfície do núcleo e perto da borda incisal e G3: ponta do aparelho ultra-sônico posicionada perpendicularmente à superfície do núcleo na região cervical, perto da linha de cimentação. Uma unidade de ultra-som Enac OE-5 com uma ponta ST-09 foi usada. Todas as amostras foram submetidas ao teste de tração utilizando máquina universal de ensaios a uma velocidade de 1 mm/min. Os dados foram submetidos aos testes ANOVA e Tukey post-hoc (α = 0,05). Os valores médios de carga para deslocar os pinos (MPa) foram: G1 = 4,6 (± 1,4) A; G2 = 2,8 (± 0,9), B e G3 = 0,9 (± 0,3) C. Portanto, a vibração ultra-sônica aplicada com a ponta do dispositivo perto da zona cervical do núcleo apresentou maior capacidade de reduzir a retenção de pinos metálicos fundidos no canal radicular.


Assuntos
Humanos , Descolagem Dentária/instrumentação , Técnicas In Vitro , Técnica para Retentor Intrarradicular/instrumentação , Ultrassom/instrumentação , Vibração , Cimento de Fosfato de Zinco/química , Análise de Variância , Cimentação , Dente Canino/cirurgia , Análise do Estresse Dentário/métodos , Tratamento do Canal Radicular/métodos
20.
Braz. dent. j ; 23(6): 654-658, 2012. ilus, tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-662422

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of irrigation regimens on dentin microhardness at the furcation area of mandibular molars, using sodium hypochlorite and ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA), individually and in alternation. The occlusal surface and the roots of 20 non-carious extracted human permanent mandibular molars were cut transversally and discarded. The tooth blocks were embedded in acrylic resin and randomly assigned to 4 groups (n=5) according to the irrigating regimens: 1% NaOCl solution, 17% EDTA solution, 1% NaOCl and 17% EDTA and distilled water (control). Knoop microhardness of dentin at the furcation area was evaluated. Data were analyzed using one-way ANOVA and Tukey's multiple comparison tests (α=0.05). The results of this study indicated that all irrigation solutions, except for distilled water (control), decreased dentin microhardness. EDTA did not show a significant difference with NaOCl/EDTA (p>0.05), but showed a significant difference with NaOCl (p<0.01). EDTA and NaOCl/EDTA showed a maximum decrease in microhardness. The 17% EDTA solution, either alone or in combination with 1% NaOCl reduced significantly dentin microhardness at the furcation area of mandibular molars.


A proposta desse estudo foi avaliar o efeito do NaOCl 1% e do ácido etilenodiaminotetracético 17% (EDTA), de forma isolada e alternada, sobre a microdureza dentinária da região da furca de molares inferiores. A superfície oclusal e as raízes de vinte molares inferiores, recém extraídos, foram cortadas transversalmente e descartadas. Os espécimes foram distribuídos em 4 grupos (n=5) de acordo com a solução irrigante utilizada. As soluções empregadas foram EDTA 17% (I), NaOCl 1% (II), NaOCl 1% e EDTA 17% (III), e água destilada (IV) (controle). Os dentes foram incluídos em blocos de resina acrílica e cortados transversalmente. A hemi-secção que melhor representou a furca dental foi lixada e polida para a avaliação da microdureza Knoop. As medidas obtidas foram analisadas utilizando-se teste ANOVA seguido do teste de comparação múltipla de Tukey (α=0,05). Os resultados desse estudo mostraram que todas as soluções, exceto o grupo controle, diminuíram a microdureza dentinária. O EDTA não apresentou diferença estatística significante em relação ao NaOCl/EDTA (p>0,05), mas foi diferente do NaOCl (p<0,01). Os grupos do EDTA e NaOCl/EDTA mostraram a maior redução da microdureza. A solução de EDTA 17%, associada ou não ao NaOCl 1% reduz, significantemente, a microdureza dentinária da furca de molares inferiores.


Assuntos
Humanos , Cavidade Pulpar/efeitos dos fármacos , Dentina/efeitos dos fármacos , Ácido Edético/farmacologia , Dente Molar/efeitos dos fármacos , Irrigantes do Canal Radicular/farmacologia , Hipoclorito de Sódio/farmacologia , Análise do Estresse Dentário/instrumentação , Dureza , Mandíbula , Teste de Materiais , Preparo de Canal Radicular/métodos , Raiz Dentária/efeitos dos fármacos
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