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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31670801

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Lumbosacral transitional vertebras (LSTVs) are common in the general population, but their potential impact on the sacroiliac joints is unclear. We aimed to determine the prevalence of LSTVs and to assess their associations with sacroiliitis by standard radiography and MRI in a population with suspected axial spondyloarthritis. METHODS: The data were from the DESIR cohort of 688 patients aged 18-50 years with inflammatory low back pain for ⩾3 months but <3 years suggesting axial spondyloarthritis. The baseline pelvic radiographs were read by two blinded readers for the presence and type (Castellvi classification) of LSTVs. Associations between LSTVs and other variables collected at baseline and at the diagnosis were assessed using the χ2 test (or Fisher's exact test) or the Mann-Whitney test. RESULTS: LSTV was found in 200/688 (29.1%) patients. Castellvi type was Ia in 54 (7.8%), Ib in 76 (11.0%), IIa in 20 (2.9%), IIb in 12 (1.7%), IIIa in 7 (1.0%), IIIb in 21 (3.0%) and IV in 10 (1.4%) patients. Compared with the group without LSTVs, the group with LSTVs had higher proportions of patients meeting modified New York criteria for radiographic sacroiliitis (19% vs 27%, respectively; P = 0.013) and Assessment of SpondyloArthritis international Society MRI criteria for sacroiliitis (29% vs 39%, respectively; P = 0.019). CONCLUSION: In patients with inflammatory back pain suggesting axial spondyloarthritis, LSTVs are associated with both radiographic and MRI sacroiliitis.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31628807

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Evaluating radiographic progression is a key component of the follow-up of patients with RA. Existing scores are ill-suited to everyday clinical practice. The objective here was to validate a new simplified radiographic score (SRS) for evaluating radiographic progression in patients with early arthritis. METHODS: Patients with arthritis of <6 months' duration were included in the large, prospective, nationwide, French ESPOIR cohort. Radiographs of the hands and feet were obtained at inclusion then 1 and 5 years later. The modified Sharp scores and SRS were determined by blinded readers. Interobserver reliability and intraobserver repeatability of each score, as well as agreement between the two scores, were assessed by computing the intraclass correlation coefficients. The rates of progression over the first year and the next 4 years were determined. RESULTS: The 506 patients with complete data for the first 5 years were included. At inclusion, the intraclass correlation coefficient between the two scores was good for erosions (0.715, P < 0.001), joint space narrowing (0.892, P < 0.001) and the total score (0.896, P < 0.001). Agreement between the two scores was also good for radiographic progression after 1 year (0.781, P < 0.001). The SRS had good positive and negative predictive values for slow and for rapid progression. SRS determination was less time consuming. CONCLUSION: The SRS is effective for monitoring radiographic progression in early arthritis and is easier to use and less time-consuming than the Sharp score. The usefulness of the SRS in clinical practice deserves further evaluation.

3.
4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31504928

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Manual systematic literature reviews are becoming increasingly challenging due to the sharp rise in publications. The primary objective of this literature review was to compare manual and computer software using artificial intelligence retrieval of publications on the cutaneous manifestations of primary SS, but we also evaluated the prevalence of cutaneous manifestations in primary SS. METHODS: We compared manual searching and searching with the in-house computer software BIbliography BOT (BIBOT) designed for article retrieval and analysis. Both methods were used for a systematic literature review on a complex topic, i.e. the cutaneous manifestations of primary SS. Reproducibility was estimated by computing Cohen's κ coefficients and was interpreted as follows: slight, 0-0.20; fair, 0.21-0.40; moderate, 0.41-0.60; substantial, 0.61-0.80; and almost perfect, 0.81-1. RESULTS: The manual search retrieved 855 articles and BIBOT 1042 articles. In all, 202 articles were then selected by applying exclusion criteria. Among them, 155 were retrieved by both methods, 33 by manual search only, and 14 by BIBOT only. Reliability (κ = 0.84) was almost perfect. Further selection was performed by reading the 202 articles. Cohort sizes and the nature and prevalence of cutaneous manifestations varied across publications. In all, we found 52 cutaneous manifestations reported in primary SS patients. The most described ones were cutaneous vasculitis (561 patients), xerosis (651 patients) and annular erythema (215 patients). CONCLUSION: Among the final selection of 202 articles, 155/202 (77%) were found by the two methods but BIBOT was faster and automatically classified the articles in a chart. Combining the two methods retrieved the largest number of publications.

5.
J Rheumatol ; 2019 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31523049

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Compelling evidence supports a treat-to-target (T2T) strategy for optimal outcomes in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). There is limited knowledge regarding the factors that impede implementation of T2T, particularly in a setting where adherence to T2T is protocol specified. We aimed to assess clinical factors that associate with failure to adhere to T2T. METHODS: RA patients from 10 countries starting or changing conventional synthetic disease-modifying anti-rheumatic (csDMARDs) drugs and/or starting tumor necrosis factor inhibitor (TNFi) were followed for 2 years (RA BIODAM cohort). Participating physicians were required per-protocol to adhere to the T2T strategy. Factors influencing adherence to T2T low disease activity (T2T-LDA; DAS≤2.4) were analyzed in two types of binomial generalized estimating equations (GEE) models: i. including only baseline features (baseline model); ii. Modelling variables that inherently vary over time as such (longitudinal model). RESULTS: A total of 571 patients were recruited and 439 (76.9%) completed 2-year followup. Failure of adherence to T2T-LDA was noted in 1765 (40.5%) visits. In the baseline multivariable model, high number of comorbidities (OR (95%CI): 1.10 (1.02; 1.19)), smoking (1.32 (1.08; 1.63)) and high number of tender joints (1.03 (1.02; 1.04)), were independently associated with failure to implement T2T, while ACPA/RF positivity (0.63 (0.50; 0.80)), was a significant facilitator of T2T. Results were similar in the longitudinal model. CONCLUSION: Lack of adherence to T2T in the RA BIODAM cohort was evident in a substantial proportion despite being a protocol requirement and this could be predicted by clinical features.

6.
J Rheumatol ; 2019 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31474600

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The OMERACT Soluble Biomarker Working Group initiated an international, multicenter, prospective study, The Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) BIODAM cohort (NCT01476956), to generate resources for the clinical validation of candidate biomarkers predictive of radiographic progression. This first report describes the cohort, clinical outcomes, and radiographic findings. METHODS: RA patients from 38 sites in 10 countries starting or changing conventional synthetic diseasemodifying anti-rheumatic (csDMARDs) drugs and/or starting tumor necrosis factor inhibitor (TNFi) reserved. 5 were followed for 2 years. Participating physicians were required to adhere to a treat-to-target strategy. Biosamples (serum, urine) were acquired every 3 months, radiography of hands and feet every 6 months, and ultrasound of hands and feet every 3 months in a subset. Primary endpoint was radiographic progression by the Sharp van der Heijde (vdHm-SHS) score. RESULTS: A total of 571 patients were recruited and 439 (76.9%) completed 2-year follow-up. At baseline, the majority was female (76%), mean age 55.7 years, and mean disease duration 6.5 years. Patients had a mean of 8.4 swollen and 13.6 tender joints, DAS44 3.8, 77.7% rheumatoid factor (RF) or anti-citrullinated peptide antibody (ACPA) positive. Percentage of patients in DAS and ACR remission at 2 years was 52.2% and 27.1%, respectively. Percentage of patients with radiographic progression (>0.5) at 1- and 2-years was 38.3% and 59.8%, respectively. CONCLUSION: The RA-BIODAM prospective study succeeded in generating an extensive list of clinical, imaging (2343 radiographs), and biosample (4638 sera) resources that will be made available to expedite the identification and validation of biomarkers for radiographic damage endpoints.

7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31277929

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Scoliosis may impact the mechanical loading and cause secondary changes of the sacroiliac joints and lumbar spine. Our goal was to look how lumbar scoliosis modify the clinical and imaging-study in patients with recent-onset inflammatory back pain (IBP) suggesting axial spondyloarthritis (axSpA). METHODS: Baseline weight-bearing lumbar-spine radiographs obtained in the DESIR cohort of patients aged 18-50 years and having IBP for at least 3 months but less than 3 years suggesting axSpA were studied. After training on scoliosis detection based on Cobb's angle>10° plus Nash-Moe grade≥1, readers blinded to patient data measured spine lumbar scoliosis, sacral horizontal angle, lumbosacral angle and lumbar lordosis on the radiograph of the lumbar and scored sacroiliitis on the radiograph of the pelvis. Baseline MRIs T1 and STIR of the lumbar spine and sacroiliac joints were evaluated for respectively degenerative changes and signs of axSpA. RESULTS: Of the 360 patients (50.8% females) 88.7% had lumbar pain and 69.3% met ASAS criteria for axSpA. Mean Cobb's angle was 3.2°±5.0° and 28 (7.7%) patients had lumbar scoliosis. No statistical differences were observed for radiographic sacroiliitis, MRI sacroiliitis, modified Stoke Ankylosing Spondylitis Spinal Score, Pfirmmann score, high-intensity zone, protrusion, extrusion, MODIC score between patients with and without scoliosis. In both groups, degenerative changes by MRI were rare and predominated at L4-L5 and L5-S1. CONCLUSION: In patients with early IBP suggesting axSpA, lumbar scoliosis was not associated with inflammatory or degenerative changes.

8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31236597

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess associations of spinal-pelvic orientation with clinical and imaging-study findings suggesting axial SpA (axSpA) in patients with recent-onset inflammatory back pain. METHODS: Spinal-pelvic orientation was assessed in DESIR cohort patients with recent-onset inflammatory back pain and suspected axSpA, by using lateral lumbar-spine radiographs to categorize sacral horizontal angle (<40° vs ⩾40°), lumbosacral angle (<15° vs ⩾15°) and lumbar lordosis (LL, <50° vs ⩾50°). Associations between these angle groups and variables collected at baseline and 2 years later were assessed using the χ2 test (or Fisher's exact) and the Mann-Whitney test. With Bonferroni's correction, P < 0.001 indicated significant differences. RESULTS: Of 362 patients, 358, 356 and 357 had available sacral horizontal angle, lumbosacral angle and LL values, respectively; means were 39.3°, 14.6° and 53.0°, respectively. The prevalence of sacroiliitis on both radiographs and MRI was higher in the LL < 50° group than in the LL ⩾50° group, but the difference was not statistically significant. Clinical presentation and confidence in a diagnosis of axSpA did not differ across angle groups. No significant differences were identified for degenerative changes according to sacral horizontal angle, lumbosacral angle or LL. CONCLUSION: Spinal-pelvic balance was not statistically associated with the clinical or imaging-study findings suggesting axSpA in patients with recent-onset inflammatory back pain.

9.
10.
Arthritis Res Ther ; 21(1): 140, 2019 Jun 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31171038

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To describe the disease course of patients with early arthritis without rheumatoid factor (RF) and anti-citrullinated protein auto-antibodies (ACPA) in an inception cohort. To determine baseline predictors of fulfilling 2010 ACR/EULAR criteria for rheumatoid arthritis (RA) for these patients within 3 years. METHOD: Patients included in the multicenter ESPOIR cohort were compared at baseline and 3 years by whether they were negative for RF and ACPA ("seronegative") or positive for RF and/or ACPA ("seropositive"). Univariate analysis was used to determine the association between baseline variables in seronegative patients and RA classification. Stepwise multiple logistic regression was used to identify predictors of RA classification within 3 years, estimating odds ratios (ORs). RESULTS: Among 354 seronegative patients, 224/340 with available data (65.9%) fulfilled RA classification at baseline and 189/233 (81.1%) at 3 years. As compared with seropositive patients, seronegative patients had lower DAS28 (p = 0.002) and lower modified total Sharp score (mTSS; p = 0.026) at baseline; DAS28 remission was similar (p = 0.634), but radiographic progression rate was lower in seronegative patients (p <  0.001) at 3 years. In seronegative patients, factors predicting RA classification within 3 years were additive (OR = 3.61), bilateral (OR = 2.59) and hand, wrist or forefeet involvement (OR = 3.87); presence of a trigger event (OR = 3.57); pain at rest (OR = 2.76); morning stiffness (OR = 2.62); number of tender joints (OR = 23.73); and mTSS (OR = 2.56). CONCLUSION: "Seronegative" patients have less active disease at baseline and less radiographic progression during follow-up than "seropositive" patients. With inflammatory pain, symmetric involvement of numerous small joints and erosive disease, a classification of RA is likely.

13.
J Rheumatol ; 2019 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30877202

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence of myofascial inflammatory lesions visible by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and their changes after tocilizumab (TCZ) therapy in active polymyalgia rheumatica (PMR). METHODS: We conducted a posthoc analysis of data from the TENOR study of TCZ monotherapy in PMR. The 18 patients each received TCZ injections at weeks 0, 4, and 8. The shoulder and pelvic girdles were assessed at baseline then at weeks 2 and 12 using T1- and T2- short-tau inversion recovery-weighted MRI. Radiologists blinded to patient data assessed each muscle group for localized myofascial inflammation on baseline, Week 2, and Week 12 MRI. Reproducibility was estimated by having 2 radiologists assess the Week 2 MRI of 13 patients, then computing the κ coefficient. RESULTS: For myofascial lesion detection, intraobserver reproducibility was almost perfect (κ = 0.890) and interobserver reproducibility was substantial (κ = 0.758). At baseline, all patients had at least 1 inflammatory myofascial lesion; sites involved were the shoulder in 10 (71.4%) patients, hip in 13 (86.7%), ischial tuberosity in 9 (60.0%), and pubic symphysis in 12 (80.0%). Sites involved at Week 12 were the shoulder in 8 patients (53.3%), hip in 5 (33.3%), ischial tuberosity in 1, and pubic symphysis in 3 (20.0%). At Week 12, of 103 muscle groups studied in all, 43 (41.7%) had no inflammatory lesions, compared to 33 at baseline (p = 0.002); improvements were noted in 66 (64.1%) muscle groups, worsening in 2 (1.9%), no change in 35 (34.0%; p = 0.034). CONCLUSION: Localized myofascial inflammatory lesions are common in recent-onset PMR and improve during TCZ therapy. Clinicaltrials.gov (NCT01713842).

14.
Clin Exp Rheumatol ; 37(5): 797-802, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30873948

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the predictive validity of the Assessment of SpondyloArthritis international Society (ASAS) axial spondyloarthritis (axSpA), Amor, European Spondylarthropathy Study Group (ESSG) and modified New York (mNY) classification criteria. METHODS: Patients from the DESIR cohort (inflammatory back pain suggestive of axSpA for >3 months but <3 years duration), followed for up to 5 years. Positive predictive value (PPV) of the set of criteria collected at baseline (ASAS, and its arms, Amor, ESSG and mNY: fulfilled/not fulfilled) were tested against the rheumatologist's axSpA diagnosis (fulfilled/not fulfilled) after 5 years of follow-up. RESULTS: In total, among the 708 patients included in the DESIR cohort at baseline, data on rheumatologist's diagnosis at 5 years was available in 411 patients; amongst them, 352 (85.6%) had an axSpA diagnosis according to the rheumatologist; 268 patients fulfilled the ASAS axial SpA (axSpA) criteria at baseline and of these, 245 were diagnosed as SpA after 5 years follow-up (PPV: 91%). The PPV of the ASAS "imaging" arm and "clinical" arm was 97% and 82%, respectively. Other criteria also showed similar PPV - Amor (91%), ESSG (90%) and mNY (99%). CONCLUSIONS: Positive predictive validity of the ASAS criteria for axSpA (including both arms) at 5 years was excellent; it is worth noting that the performances of the other criteria were also very good in the DESIR cohort.


Assuntos
Espondilartrite , Espondiloartropatias , Estudos de Coortes , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Humanos , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Reumatologistas , Espondilartrite/diagnóstico , Espondiloartropatias/diagnóstico
15.
Joint Bone Spine ; 86(5): 627-632, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30763687

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Parotidomegaly is a criterion of the EULAR Primary Sjögren Syndrome Disease Activity Index (ESSDAI). The cut-off value was set at 3 cm in length for the parotid gland, 2 cm for the submandibular glands. However, clinical appreciation of salivary glands size remains hazardous. The objective is to evaluate inter-observer reproducibility of parotid gland measurement by palpation, and to secondary evaluate its reliability compared to US assessment. METHODS: Outpatients with primary Sjögren Syndrome (pSS) or with a diagnostic suspicion, in a single reference centre, were included. They underwent clinical examination by two independent investigators (VDP and DC), evaluating: parotid gland swelling, parotid gland size (direct measurement with a decameter under the mandibular angle), and pain. Cohen's kappa coefficient was calculated to determine inter-observer concordance for parotid gland swelling, and intraclass correlation coefficient to determine inter-observer agreement of gland size measurement. RESULTS: Thirty-four patients (33 women, 1 man) were included. Clinical data were complete for 33 patients. Inter-observer concordance Kappa coefficient was 0.90 [0.76-1.00] for detection of parotidomegaly over 66 parotid glands. It was of 0.60 [0.42-0.73] for gland length measurement. For one observer, the median cut-off for defining parotidomegaly was 4.15 cm; for the second observer, it was of 4.92 cm. For submandibular glands palpation, no correlation was found between investigators. A significant association between clinical parotidomegaly and a larger echographic surface was found. CONCLUSION: Clinical measurement of parotidomegaly was concordant between two observers on a binary mode (presence/absence). However, concordance on direct measurement was weak. US could be a complementary examination.

16.
PLoS One ; 14(2): e0211536, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30811404

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To look for abnormalities in circulating B-cell subsets in patients with rheumatic symptoms of Whipple's disease (WD). METHOD: Consecutive patients seen between 2010 and 2016 for suspected inflammatory joint disease were identified retrospectively. Results of standardized immunological and serological tests and of peripheral-blood B-cell and T-cell subset analysis by flow cytometry were collected. Patients with criteria suggesting WD underwent PCR testing for Tropheryma whipplei, and those with diagnosis of WD (cases) were compared to those without diagnosis (controls). We used ROC curve analysis to evaluate the diagnostic value of flow cytometry findings for WD. RESULTS: Among 2917 patients seen for suspected inflammatory joint disease, 121 had suspected WD, including 9 (9/121, 7.4%) confirmed WD. Proportions of T cells and NK cells were similar between suspected and confirmed WD, whereas cases had a lower proportion of circulating memory B cells (IgD-CD38low, 18.0%±9.7% vs. 26.0%±14.2%, P = 0.041) and higher ratio of activated B cells over memory B cells (4.4±2.0 vs. 2.9±2.2, P = 0.023). Among peripheral-blood B-cells, the proportion of IgD+CD27- naive B cells was higher (66.2%±18.2% vs. 54.6%±18.4%, P = 0.047) and that of IgD-CD27+ switched memory B cells lower (13.3%±5.7% vs. 21.4%±11.9%, P = 0.023), in cases vs. controls. The criterion with the best diagnostic performance was a proportion of IgD+CD27- naive B cells above 70.5%, which had 73% sensitivity and 80% specificity. CONCLUSION: Our study provides data on peripheral-blood B-cell disturbances that may have implications for the diagnosis and pathogenetic understanding of WD.

17.
BMJ ; 364: l67, 2019 Jan 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30679233

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To compare the effectiveness and safety of three non-tumour necrosis factor (TNF) α inhibitors (rituximab, abatacept, and tocilizumab) in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis. DESIGN: Population based prospective study. SETTING: 53 university and 54 non-university clinical centres in France. PARTICIPANTS: 3162 adults (>18 years) with rheumatoid arthritis according to 1987 American College of Rheumatology criteria, enrolled in one of the three French Society of Rheumatology registries; who had no severe cardiovascular disease, active or severe infections, or severe immunodeficiency, with follow-up of at least 24 months. INTERVENTION: Initiation of intravenous rituximab, abatacept, or tocilizumab for rheumatoid arthritis. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: The primary outcome was drug retention without failure at 24 months. Failure was defined as all cause death; discontinuation of rituximab, abatacept, or tocilizumab; initiation of a new biologic or a combination of conventional disease modifying antirheumatic drugs; or increase in corticosteroid dose >10 mg/d compared with baseline at two successive visits. Because of non-proportional hazards, treatment effects are presented as life expectancy difference without failure (LEDwf), which measures the difference between average duration of survival without failure. RESULTS: Average durations of survival without failure were 19.8 months for rituximab, 15.6 months for abatacept, and 19.1 months for tocilizumab. Average durations were greater with rituximab (LEDwf 4.1, 95% confidence interval 3.1 to 5.2) and tocilizumab (3.5, 2.1 to 5.0) than with abatacept, and uncertainty about tocilizumab compared with rituximab was substantial (-0.7, -1.9 to 0.5). No evidence was found of difference between treatments for mean duration of survival without death, presence of cancer or serious infections, or major adverse cardiovascular events. CONCLUSION: Among adults with refractory rheumatoid arthritis followed-up in routine practice, rituximab and tocilizumab were associated with greater improvements in outcomes at two years compared with abatacept.


Assuntos
Abatacepte , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados , Artrite Reumatoide , Rituximab , Abatacepte/administração & dosagem , Abatacepte/efeitos adversos , Adulto , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/administração & dosagem , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/efeitos adversos , Antirreumáticos/administração & dosagem , Antirreumáticos/efeitos adversos , Artrite Reumatoide/diagnóstico , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Artrite Reumatoide/epidemiologia , Fatores Biológicos/uso terapêutico , Estudos de Coortes , Monitoramento de Medicamentos/métodos , Monitoramento de Medicamentos/estatística & dados numéricos , Resistência a Medicamentos , Quimioterapia Combinada/métodos , Quimioterapia Combinada/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , França/epidemiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Avaliação de Resultados (Cuidados de Saúde) , Estudos Prospectivos , Rituximab/administração & dosagem , Rituximab/efeitos adversos , Análise de Sobrevida , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/antagonistas & inibidores
18.
Rheumatol Ther ; 2018 Dec 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30547379

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The objective of the study was to compare compliance and acceptability of a new auto-injector (AI) versus syringe for administration of methotrexate (MTX) in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS: We conducted a randomized, open-label, parallel group study comparing AI to pre-filled syringe (PFS). Adult patients with RA (ACR/EULAR 2010) receiving MTX (orally or by injection) for at least 3 months were allocated to AI or PFS for 6 months and then were allocated to AI for 6 further months. Two co-primary endpoints were defined at M6: percentage of patients with compliance at least 80%; change in functional capacity assessed by Health Assessment Questionnaire (HAQ). Secondary endpoints included quality of life (RaQoL), RA activity (DAS28), and acceptability. Local safety at injection site was assessed at each visit. RESULTS: Two-hundred and sixty-five patients were randomized. The main analysis was conducted on per protocol set (99 AI and 98 PFS). Compliance was 96.2% in AI and 98.9% in PFS. Good complier rates were 89.9% and 94.9%, thus a difference of - 5.0% (- 18.9%; 8.9%). HAQ remained stable in both groups. No difference was found on RaQoL, change in RA activity, and safety profile. Autonomy, acceptability, and patient satisfaction were better with AI, and patients having had the experience of both AI and PFS preferred AI (p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Although this study did not demonstrate non-inferiority of AI versus PFS, compliance was excellent in the two groups, and AI, which was preferred by patients, is a valuable alternative to PFS for administration of MTX. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov identifier, NCT02553018. FUNDING: Nordic Pharma SAS.

20.
Joint Bone Spine ; 2018 Oct 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30315988

RESUMO

The 2014 French Society for Rheumatology (Société Française de Rheumatologie, SFR) recommendations about the management of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) have been updated by a task force composed of 12 expert rheumatologists, 2 patient self-help group representatives, and an occupational therapist. The material used by the task force included recent EULAR recommendations, a systematic literature review, and expert opinion. Four general principles and 15 recommendations were developed. The general principles emphasize the need for shared decision-making between the rheumatologist and the patient and for a global management program including both pharmacological and nonpharmacological treatments. The recommendations deal with the diagnostic strategy for RA, treatment targets, management organization, drug selection based on the treatment line and prognostic factors, management of remissions, and global patient management. Disease-modifying antirheumatic drug (DMARD) therapy should be started as early as possible. Validated composite scores should be determined at regular intervals to assess disease activity -- according to the tight disease control concept -- to achieve the treatment target, i.e., a remission. Methotrexate is the recommended first-line DMARD. The treatment should be optimized when methotrexate is poorly tolerated or inadequately effective. While waiting for conventional synthetic DMARDs to take effect, glucocorticoid therapy can be used, for a brief period to keep the cumulative dose low. When a sustained remission without structural progression is achieved in a patient who is not taking glucocorticoid therapy, targeted therapy de-escalation according to tight disease control principles should be considered. Patients should be periodically screened for comorbidities and their risk factors, which should be evaluated and treated.

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