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1.
Cien Saude Colet ; 20(1): 95-104, 2015 Jan.
Artigo em Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25650602

RESUMO

This study sought to investigate the prevalence of sexual intercourse among adolescents in a Brazilian city and its association with sociodemographic factors, health-risk behaviors, and body image perception. A cross-sectional study was conducted using data from the National Adolescent School-based Health Survey (PeNSE), carried out in 2009. The sample comprised schoolchildren enrolled in the 9th year in the city of Goiânia, Goiás (n= 3,099), mostly aged between 13 and 15. The dependent variable was the reporting of sexual intercourse at least once. To identify variables associated with sexual activity, Poisson regression analysis was used. The prevalence of sexual intercourse at least once in the adolescents' lifetime was 26.5% (95% CI= 23.8-29.4). Prevalence was higher among males, those aged 14 years or older, who reported not living with their mother or with their father, who attended public schools, reported alcohol, tobacco or other drug use, and were involved in fights and family violence. The conclusion reached was that the prevalence of sexual intercourse was high and associated with poor sociodemographic conditions, health-risk behaviors and violence. These factors should be considered in the health promotion strategies seeking more safe and healthy sexual behavior during adolescence.


Assuntos
Comportamento do Adolescente , Coito , Adolescente , Brasil , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Comportamentos Relacionados com a Saúde , Humanos , Masculino , Assunção de Riscos , Instituições Acadêmicas , Comportamento Sexual/estatística & dados numéricos
2.
Ciênc. saúde coletiva ; 20(1): 95-104, 01/2015. tab, graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: lil-733135

RESUMO

Objetivou-se investigar a prevalência de relação sexual em adolescentes de um município brasileiro e sua associação com fatores sociodemográficos, comportamentos de risco à saúde e percepção da imagem corporal. Estudo transversal utilizando dados da Pesquisa Nacional de Saúde do Escolar - PeNSE realizada em 2009. A amostra foi composta por escolares do 9° ano de Goiânia, Goiás (n = 3.099), com predomínio das idades de 13 a 15 anos. A variável dependente foi o relato de relação sexual alguma vez. Para identificação das variáveis associadas foi realizada análise de regressão de Poisson. A prevalência de relação sexual alguma vez foi de 26,5% (IC95% = 23,8-29,4). Este comportamento foi mais prevalente em adolescentes do sexo masculino, com idade de 14 anos ou mais, que não moravam com a mãe ou com o pai, estudavam em escolas públicas, relataram ter experimentado álcool, tabaco e outras drogas, e envolvimento em brigas e agressão familiar. Conclui-se que a prevalência de relação sexual alguma vez foi elevada e associada a condições sociodemográficas mais precárias, comportamentos de risco à saúde e violência. Estes fatores devem ser considerados nas estratégias de promoção de saúde, visando comportamentos sexuais seguros e saudáveis na adolescência.


This study sought to investigate the prevalence of sexual intercourse among adolescents in a Brazilian city and its association with sociodemographic factors, health-risk behaviors, and body image perception. A cross-sectional study was conducted using data from the National Adolescent School-based Health Survey (PeNSE), carried out in 2009. The sample comprised schoolchildren enrolled in the 9th year in the city of Goiânia, Goiás (n= 3,099), mostly aged between 13 and 15. The dependent variable was the reporting of sexual intercourse at least once. To identify variables associated with sexual activity, Poisson regression analysis was used. The prevalence of sexual intercourse at least once in the adolescents' lifetime was 26.5% (95% CI= 23.8-29.4). Prevalence was higher among males, those aged 14 years or older, who reported not living with their mother or with their father, who attended public schools, reported alcohol, tobacco or other drug use, and were involved in fights and family violence. The conclusion reached was that the prevalence of sexual intercourse was high and associated with poor sociodemographic conditions, health-risk behaviors and violence. These factors should be considered in the health promotion strategies seeking more safe and healthy sexual behavior during adolescence.


Assuntos
Adulto , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Bissexualidade/psicologia , Soropositividade para HIV/psicologia , Homossexualidade Masculina/psicologia , Bissexualidade/etnologia , Estudos Transversais , Homossexualidade Masculina/etnologia , Identificação Psicológica , Cidade de Nova Iorque , São Francisco , Parceiros Sexuais , Saúde da População Urbana
3.
Rev Bras Epidemiol ; 17 Suppl 1: 172-82, 2014.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25054262

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the characteristics of sexual behavior in school-aged adolescents and possible differences regarding sex and type of school. METHODS: Cross-sectional study using data from the National Adolescent School-based Health Survey (PeNSE) 2009, carried out by the Brazilian Ministry of Health, in partnership with the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE). The sample consisted of 3,099 9th graders living in Goiânia, State of Goiás, Brazil, mostly aged between 13 to 15 years old, who answered a self-applicable questionnaire on risk and protective health factors. The Rao-Scott test was used in the statistical analysis, considering the complex sample design. RESULTS: The prevalence of sexual intercourse was of 26.5% (95%CI 23.8 - 29.4) at least once in life and of 18.5% (95%CI 16.5 - 20.8) in the last year. Both behaviors were more frequent among male students and among those attending public schools. Most of the respondents had their first intercourse at the age of 13 or younger, with up to 3 partners. They had also used a pregnancy prevention method in the last intercourse, and received guidance on prevention at school. The age of the first intercourse was earlier and the number of partners was higher among male students. More females and those attending public schools reported having received information on pregnancy prevention. Guidance on STD/AIDS was also more frequent in public schools. CONCLUSION: Results showed a need for health education measures involving education and health professionals, as well as parents, to reduce the discrepancies found regarding sex and type of school.


Assuntos
Comportamento do Adolescente , Comportamento Sexual , Adolescente , Brasil , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Instituições Acadêmicas , Fatores Sexuais , Inquéritos e Questionários , População Urbana
4.
Rev. bras. epidemiol ; 17(supl.1): 172-182, 2014. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-715747

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the characteristics of sexual behavior in school-aged adolescents and possible differences regarding sex and type of school. METHODS: Cross-sectional study using data from the National Adolescent School-based Health Survey (PeNSE) 2009, carried out by the Brazilian Ministry of Health, in partnership with the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE). The sample consisted of 3,099 9th graders living in Goiânia, State of Goiás, Brazil, mostly aged between 13 to 15 years old, who answered a self-applicable questionnaire on risk and protective health factors. The Rao-Scott test was used in the statistical analysis, considering the complex sample design. RESULTS: The prevalence of sexual intercourse was of 26.5% (95%CI 23.8 - 29.4) at least once in life and of 18.5% (95%CI 16.5 - 20.8) in the last year. Both behaviors were more frequent among male students and among those attending public schools. Most of the respondents had their first intercourse at the age of 13 or younger, with up to 3 partners. They had also used a pregnancy prevention method in the last intercourse, and received guidance on prevention at school. The age of the first intercourse was earlier and the number of partners was higher among male students. More females and those attending public schools reported having received information on pregnancy prevention. Guidance on STD/AIDS was also more frequent in public schools. CONCLUSION: Results showed a need for health education measures involving education and health professionals, as well as parents, to reduce the discrepancies found regarding sex and type of school. .


OBJETIVO: Investigar as características do comportamento sexual de adolescentes escolares e verificar se há diferenças em relação ao sexo dos estudantes e ao tipo de escola. MÉTODOS: Estudo transversal utilizando dados da Pesquisa Nacional de Saúde do Escolar (PeNSE) 2009, realizada pelo Ministério da Saúde em parceria com o IBGE. A amostra foi composta por 3.099 escolares do 9° ano residentes em Goiânia (GO), com predomínio das idades de 13 a 15 anos, que responderam um questionário sobre fatores de risco e proteção à saúde. Na análise estatística, foi utilizado o teste de Rao-Scott, considerando o efeito do desenho amostral para amostras complexas. RESULTADOS: A prevalência de relação sexual alguma vez na vida foi de 26,5% (IC95% 23,8 - 29,4), e, no último ano, foi de 18,5% (IC95% 16,5 - 20,8), sendo mais frequentes entre os meninos e estudantes de escolas públicas. A maioria teve a primeira relação com 13 anos ou menos, com até 3 parceiros, utilizou algum método contraceptivo na última relação e recebeu orientação sobre prevenção na escola. A idade da primeira relação foi mais precoce e o número de parceiros foi mais elevado entre os meninos. O relato de orientações recebidas sobre prevenção de gravidez foi mais frequente entre meninas e nas instituições privadas. Nestas, foi também mais elevado o relato de orientações sobre DST/AIDS. CONCLUSÃO: Os resultados mostraram a necessidade de ações educativas, buscando reduzir as discrepâncias encontradas em relação ao sexo e o tipo de escola, com envolvimento de profissionais das áreas da educação e saúde e dos pais. .


Assuntos
Adolescente , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Comportamento do Adolescente , Comportamento Sexual , Brasil , Estudos Transversais , Instituições Acadêmicas , Fatores Sexuais , Inquéritos e Questionários , População Urbana
5.
Rev Panam Salud Publica ; 33(3): 205-12, 2013 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23698140

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To describe inequalities in the infant mortality rate (IMR) according to socioeconomic indicators among geographic areas and municipalities in Brazil. METHODS: This was an exploratory ecological study of space aggregates that described IMR in 2006-2008 according to municipalities, states, and the Family Development Index (FDI), a socioeconomic indicator that ranges from 0 to 1. All the municipalities in Brazil were categorized according to four strata as defined by FDI quartiles, where stratum 4 included those with better FDI conditions, and stratum 1, worse conditions. The selected inequality measures were: Concentration Index, Attributable Risk Percent, Population Attributable Risk Percent, Rate Ratio, and number of avoidable events (number of infant deaths). RESULTS: The average IMR (per 1 000 live births) according to the FDI strata were: stratum 1 (FDI = 0.41-0.52) = 18.8; stratum 2 (FDI = 0.53-0.55) = 17.9; stratum 3 (FDI = 0.56-0.58) = 15.0; and stratum 4 (FDI = 0.59-0.73) = 13.4. Overall, the Concentration Index was 0.02. Moreover, stratum 1, with a proportion of 17% of all live births in the population, had a concentration of 20% of infant deaths. Additionally, the profile of causes and ages of infant mortality also differed qualitatively when stratum 1 was compared to stratum 4. CONCLUSIONS: The results suggest an association between the socioeconomic indicators, specifically the FDI, and the risk of infant death. These results call attention to the specific population groups in Brazil that are most vulnerable to infant mortality and demonstrate that the FDI can be used to identify these populations.


Assuntos
Disparidades nos Níveis de Saúde , Mortalidade Infantil , Brasil/epidemiologia , Família , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Fatores de Tempo
6.
Rev. panam. salud pública ; 33(3): 205-212, Mar. 2013. graf, mapas, tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-674819

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To describe inequalities in the infant mortality rate (IMR) according to socioeconomic indicators among geographic areas and municipalities in Brazil. METHODS: This was an exploratory ecological study of space aggregates that described IMR in 2006-2008 according to municipalities, states, and the Family Development Index (FDI), a socioeconomic indicator that ranges from 0 to 1. All the municipalities in Brazil were categorized according to four strata as defined by FDI quartiles, where stratum 4 included those with better FDI conditions, and stratum 1, worse conditions. The selected inequality measures were: Concentration Index, Attributable Risk Percent, Population Attributable Risk Percent, Rate Ratio, and number of avoidable events (number of infant deaths). RESULTS: The average IMR (per 1 000 live births) according to the FDI strata were: stratum 1 (FDI = 0.41-0.52) = 18.8; stratum 2 (FDI = 0.53-0.55) = 17.9; stratum 3 (FDI = 0.56-0.58) = 15.0; and stratum 4 (FDI = 0.59-0.73) = 13.4. Overall, the Concentration Index was 0.02. Moreover, stratum 1, with a proportion of 17% of all live births in the population, had a concentration of 20% of infant deaths. Additionally, the profile of causes and ages of infant mortality also differed qualitatively when stratum 1 was compared to stratum 4. CONCLUSIONS: The results suggest an association between the socioeconomic indicators, specifically the FDI, and the risk of infant death. These results call attention to the specific population groups in Brazil that are most vulnerable to infant mortality and demonstrate that the FDI can be used to identify these populations.


OBJETIVO: Describir las desigualdades en la tasa de mortalidad de menores de un año entre las zonas geográficas y los municipios del Brasil según los indicadores socioeconómicos. MÉTODOS: Se realizó un estudio exploratorio y ecológico de los grupos de espacios que definieron la tasa de mortalidad de menores de un año en el período de 2006 a 2008 según los municipios, los estados y el índice de desarrollo familiar (IDF), un indicador socioeconómico que va del 0 al 1. Todos los municipios del Brasil se clasificaron según 4 estratos, de conformidad con lo definido por los cuartiles del IDF; el estrato 4 incluyó a aquellas personas con mejores condiciones de IDF y el estrato 1 a aquellas con peores condiciones. Se eligieron las siguientes medidas de la desigualdad: el índice de concentración, el porcentaje de riesgo atribuible a la población, la razón de la tasa y el número de sucesos evitables (número de defunciones de menores de un año). RESULTADOS: La tasa promedio de mortalidad de menores de un año (por 1 000 nacidos vivos) según los estratos del IDF fueron: estrato 1 (IDF = 0,41-0,52) = 18,8; estrato 2 (IDF = 0,53-0,55) = 17,9; estrato 3 (IDF = 0,56-0,58) = 15,0; y estrato 4 (IDF = 0,59-0,73) = 13,4. En términos generales, el índice de concentración fue 0,02. Al estrato 1, que tuvo una proporción de 17% de todos los nacidos vivos en la población, correspondió una concentración de 20% de defunciones de menores de un año. Además, el perfil de las causas y las edades de la mortalidad de menores de un año también difirió cualitativamente cuando se compararon los estratos 1 y 4. CONCLUSIONES: Los resultados indican que hay una asociación entre los indicadores socioeconómicos, en concreto el IDF, y el riesgo de mortalidad de menores de un año. Estos resultados destacan los grupos de población específicos en el Brasil que son más vulnerables a la mortalidad de menores de un año y demuestran que el IDF puede utilizarse para identificarlos.


Assuntos
Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Disparidades nos Níveis de Saúde , Mortalidade Infantil , Brasil/epidemiologia , Família , Fatores de Tempo
8.
Ciênc. saúde coletiva ; 17(12): 3363-3370, dez. 2012. ilus, tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: lil-656478

RESUMO

Analisar a tendência da frequência do consumo do feijão nos anos de 2006 a 2009 nas capitais brasileiras. Trata-se de uma série histórica utilizando a base de dados do Vigitel de todas as capitais brasileiras. O consumo de feijão foi descrito por meio da frequência relativa e a tendência foi avaliada utilizando-se regressão de Poisson. O consumo de feijão cinco ou mais vezes por semana variou de 71,85% (2006) a 65,79 (2009). Na maior faixa de frequência de consumo ao longo de todo o período estudado estão incluídas as capitais Goiânia, Belo Horizonte, Palmas, Cuiabá e Brasília. As pessoas com IMC na categoria adequado/baixo peso apresentaram as maiores frequências de consumo em relação aos indivíduos com sobrepeso e obesidade. Foi observada tendência significativa de redução do consumo regular de feijão segundo ano de realização da pesquisa, exceto para a categoria de idade entre os 45 e 54 anos. Ocorreu redução significativa da frequência do consumo do feijão pela população brasileira e a adoção de políticas de monitoramento e incentivo do consumo é necessária em função dos benefícios apresentados pela leguminosa.


The scope of this paper was to analyze the trends of frequency of consumption of beans between the years 2006 and 2009 in the Brazilian capitals. This is a historical series using the Vigitel database for all Brazilian state capitals. Consumption of beans was described in terms of relative frequency and the trend was assessed using Poisson regression. Between 65.79% (2009) and 71.85% (2006) of participants reported consuming beans five or more days per week. The capitals Goiania, Belo Horizonte, Palmas, Brasilia and Cuiaba were in the highest frequency range of consumption throughout the study period. Individuals with a BMI in the appropriate and low weight category had the highest frequencies of consumption in comparison with the overweight and the obese. A significant reduction trend in the consumption of beans per year of the research, except for the 45 to 54-year-old range, was detected. The conclusion drawn was that there has been a significant reduction in the consumption of beans in the Brazilian population and the adoption of monitoring and incentive policies is necessary due to the benefits of the legume.


Assuntos
Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto Jovem , Inquéritos sobre Dietas , Fabaceae , Comportamento Alimentar , Alimentos/estatística & dados numéricos , Brasil , Cidades , Telefone , Fatores de Tempo , População Urbana
9.
Cien Saude Colet ; 17(12): 3363-70, 2012 Dec.
Artigo em Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23175412

RESUMO

The scope of this paper was to analyze the trends of frequency of consumption of beans between the years 2006 and 2009 in the Brazilian capitals. This is a historical series using the Vigitel database for all Brazilian state capitals. Consumption of beans was described in terms of relative frequency and the trend was assessed using Poisson regression. Between 65.79% (2009) and 71.85% (2006) of participants reported consuming beans five or more days per week. The capitals Goiania, Belo Horizonte, Palmas, Brasilia and Cuiaba were in the highest frequency range of consumption throughout the study period. Individuals with a BMI in the appropriate and low weight category had the highest frequencies of consumption in comparison with the overweight and the obese. A significant reduction trend in the consumption of beans per year of the research, except for the 45 to 54-year-old range, was detected. The conclusion drawn was that there has been a significant reduction in the consumption of beans in the Brazilian population and the adoption of monitoring and incentive policies is necessary due to the benefits of the legume.


Assuntos
Inquéritos sobre Dietas , Fabaceae , Comportamento Alimentar , Alimentos/estatística & dados numéricos , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Brasil , Cidades , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Telefone , Fatores de Tempo , População Urbana , Adulto Jovem
10.
Rev Bras Epidemiol ; 15(3): 639-50, 2012 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23090310

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence of protective and risk factors for the most important chronic non communicable diseases in all Brazilian capitals, including the Federal District. METHODS: Data used were collected in 2008 through VIGITEL, an ongoing population-based telephone survey surveillance system implemented in all Brazilian State capitals since 2006. In 2008, over 54,000 interviews were completed over the phone with a random sample of individuals living in all 27 capitals. RESULTS: The analyses showed differences in the prevalence of determinants of chronic diseases by demographic characteristics such as gender, age and schooling. Men were more likely to be current smokers, overweight, and consumers of soft drinks, fatty meat and alcohol. They were also more likely to be more active in leisure. Women reported being more likely to eat healthy, but also were more likely to have a physician diagnosis of high blood pressure, dyslipidemia, osteoporosis and overall poor health status. In general, the prevalence of risk factors studied increased with decreasing levels of schooling. DISCUSSION: The VIGITEL system was implemented to monitor changes in the prevalence of determinants of chronic diseases over time to inform public health workers and decision makers to adjust existing programs and policies according to the changing profile of consumers. The ultimate goal is to improve the health of the Brazilian population.


Assuntos
Doença Crônica/epidemiologia , Doença Crônica/prevenção & controle , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Brasil/epidemiologia , Escolaridade , Feminino , Humanos , Entrevistas como Assunto , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Telefone , Saúde da População Urbana , Adulto Jovem
11.
Rev. bras. epidemiol ; 15(3): 639-650, set. 2012. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: lil-653953

RESUMO

OBJETIVO: Analisar os fatores de risco e proteção para Doenças Crônicas Não Transmissíveis - DCNT nas capitais do Brasil. METODOLOGIA: Foram analisadas informações provenientes do sistema de vigilância de fatores de risco e proteção para DCNT por inquérito telefônico - VIGITEL, em 2008. A amostra foi composta por 54 mil entrevistas sendo as frequências apresentadas para o conjunto das capitais por sexo, faixa etária e escolaridade. RESULTADOS: O estudo mostrou diferenças na prevalência de fatores de risco e proteção de DCNT entre sexos, idade e escolaridade. Os homens apresentaram maiores frequências de fatores de risco como fumo, excesso de peso, consumo de refrigerantes, carnes com excesso de gordura e bebidas alcoólicas. Os homens praticam mais atividade física no lazer. As mulheres se alimentam melhor e referem mais diagnóstico médico de doenças, como hipertensão arterial, dislipidemia e osteoporose, além de estado de saúde ruim. Em geral, os fatores de risco são mais frequentes na população de menor escolaridade. DISCUSSÃO: Estas informações devem redirecionar a implementação das políticas públicas com foco em um modo de viver mais saudável e escolhas individuais mais adequadas por parte da população adulta brasileira.


OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence of protective and risk factors for the most important chronic non communicable diseases in all Brazilian capitals, including the Federal District. METHODS: Data used were collected in 2008 through VIGITEL, an ongoing population-based telephone survey surveillance system implemented in all Brazilian State capitals since 2006. In 2008, over 54,000 interviews were completed over the phone with a random sample of individuals living in all 27 capitals. RESULTS: The analyses showed differences in the prevalence of determinants of chronic diseases by demographic characteristics such as gender, age and schooling. Men were more likely to be current smokers, overweight, and consumers of soft drinks, fatty meat and alcohol. They were also more likely to be more active in leisure. Women reported being more likely to eat healthy, but also were more likely to have a physician diagnosis of high blood pressure, dyslipidemia, osteoporosis and overall poor health status. In general, the prevalence of risk factors studied increased with decreasing levels of schooling. DISCUSSION: The VIGITEL system was implemented to monitor changes in the prevalence of determinants of chronic diseases over time to inform public health workers and decision makers to adjust existing programs and policies according to the changing profile of consumers. The ultimate goal is to improve the health of the Brazilian population.


Assuntos
Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto Jovem , Doença Crônica/epidemiologia , Doença Crônica/prevenção & controle , Brasil/epidemiologia , Escolaridade , Entrevistas como Assunto , Prevalência , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Telefone , Saúde da População Urbana
12.
Cad Saude Publica ; 28 Suppl: s101-13, 2012.
Artigo em Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22714959

RESUMO

This study investigated the association between oral and general health-related behaviors and socioeconomic status, and the relationship between health-related behaviors and toothbrushing among adolescents. The database used here was the National School-Based Health Survey (PeNSE), a cross-sectional population-based study in 2009 with students from 27 Brazilian State capitals. Socio-demographic and health-related behavior data were collected. The survey included 49,189 adolescents (47.5% males), the majority of whom were 14 years of age and enrolled in public schools. The associations between toothbrushing frequency and other health-related behaviors and socioeconomic status varied between boys and girls. Associations were observed between health-related habits and toothbrushing frequency in both sexes, but with variations according to socioeconomic status. Planning health promotion interventions for adolescents should take their individual characteristics and family and social context into account.


Assuntos
Inquéritos de Saúde Bucal/estatística & dados numéricos , Comportamentos Relacionados com a Saúde , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Escovação Dentária/estatística & dados numéricos , Adolescente , Brasil/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Instituições Acadêmicas , Fatores Sexuais
13.
Cad Saude Publica ; 28 Suppl: s133-45, 2012.
Artigo em Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22714962

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of dental pain and associated socio-demographic and behavioral factors in Brazilian adolescents, using data from the National School-Based Health Survey (PeNSE), Brazil, 2009. The survey was conducted by the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE) and Ministry of Health in students 11 to 17 years of age or older in the 27 State capitals, using a self-administered questionnaire. Analyses included Poisson regression following a hierarchical approach. Prevalence of dental pain in the sample (n = 54,985) in the previous six months was 17.8% (95%CI: 17.5-18.1). Higher prevalence was associated with female gender, age 14 years and over, racial self-identification as black, brown, or indigenous, enrollment in public schools, lower maternal schooling, not living with the mother, history of smoking or drinking, less frequent toothbrushing, and heavy consumption of sweets and soft drinks. Dental pain was thus associated with socio-demographic factors and health-related behaviors.


Assuntos
Comportamentos Relacionados com a Saúde , Inquéritos Epidemiológicos/estatística & dados numéricos , Odontalgia/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Brasil/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Distribuição de Poisson , Prevalência , Análise de Regressão , Fatores de Risco , Instituições Acadêmicas , Fatores Sexuais , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Estudantes/psicologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
14.
Cad Saude Publica ; 28 Suppl: s20-9, 2012.
Artigo em Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22714964

RESUMO

Dietary guidelines are intended to orient dietary habits and policies for health promotion and disease prevention. This article discusses Brazil's national dietary guidelines, aiming to identify issues that can support the strategies proposed by the National Policy on Oral Health. The two currently available official guidelines produced by the Ministry of Health were reviewed: the Dietary Guidelines for Children under Two and the Population Dietary Guidelines. The guidelines recommend reduction in sugar intake, essential for caries prevention, and other measures to prevent tooth decay and oral cancer. These guidelines are thus a key part of an oral and overall health promotion strategy and should be integrated into the National Policy on Oral Health.


Assuntos
Dieta/normas , Guias como Assunto , Promoção da Saúde , Política Nutricional , Saúde Bucal , Fatores Etários , Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas , Animais , Brasil , Laticínios , Cárie Dentária/prevenção & controle , Carboidratos da Dieta/administração & dosagem , Frutas , Humanos , Leite , Programas Nacionais de Saúde , Verduras
15.
Cad. saúde pública ; 28(supl): s20-s29, 2012.
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: lil-638739

RESUMO

Guias alimentares são documentos que orientam sobre práticas alimentares e políticas que visam à promoção da saúde e prevenção de doenças nas populações. Este artigo tem como objetivo apresentar e discutir os guias alimentares para a população brasileira, buscando identificar aspectos que possam subsidiar as estratégias propostas na Política Nacional de Saúde Bucal. Foram revisados os dois guias oficiais do Ministério da Saúde disponíveis até o momento: o Guia Alimentar para Crianças Menores de 2 Anos e o Guia Alimentar para a População Brasileira. Os guias apresentam recomendações sobre a redução do consumo de açúcar, fundamental na prevenção da cárie, bem como outras diretrizes que podem contribuir para a prevenção da erosão dentária e do câncer bucal. Constituem, assim, um componente importante da estratégia de promoção da saúde geral e bucal, e as recomendações devem ser integradas à Política Nacional de Saúde Bucal.


Dietary guidelines are intended to orient dietary habits and policies for health promotion and disease prevention. This article discusses Brazil's national dietary guidelines, aiming to identify issues that can support the strategies proposed by the National Policy on Oral Health. The two currently available official guidelines produced by the Ministry of Health were reviewed: the Dietary Guidelines for Children under Two and the Population Dietary Guidelines. The guidelines recommend reduction in sugar intake, essential for caries prevention, and other measures to prevent tooth decay and oral cancer. These guidelines are thus a key part of an oral and overall health promotion strategy and should be integrated into the National Policy on Oral Health.


Assuntos
Animais , Humanos , Dieta/normas , Guias Alimentares , Guias como Assunto , Promoção da Saúde , Política Nutricional , Saúde Bucal , Fatores Etários , Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas , Brasil , Laticínios , Cárie Dentária/prevenção & controle , Carboidratos da Dieta/administração & dosagem , Frutas , Leite , Programas Nacionais de Saúde , Verduras
16.
Cad. saúde pública ; 28(supl): s101-s113, 2012. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: lil-638746

RESUMO

Investigou-se a associação entre comportamentos relacionados à saúde bucal e geral e condição socioeconômica, e a relação entre comportamentos relacionados à saúde e escovação dentária em adolescentes. A base de dados utilizada foi da Pesquisa Nacional de Saúde do Escolar (PeNSE), um estudo transversal de base populacional realizado em 2009 com alunos das 27 capitais brasileiras. Informações sociodemográficas e comportamentos relacionados à saúde foram coletados. O estudo envolveu 49.189 adolescentes (47,5% do sexo masculino), sendo a maioria com 14 anos de idade e de escola pública. A frequência de escovação dentária assim como outros comportamentos relacionados à saúde se associou com a condição socioeconômica de maneira distinta entre sexos. Foram observadas associações entre hábitos relacionados à saúde e a frequência de escovação dentária em ambos os sexos, porém com variações conforme a condição socioeconômica. O planejamento de intervenções para promoção da saúde de adolescentes deve levar em conta suas características individuais, o contexto familiar e social.


This study investigated the association between oral and general health-related behaviors and socioeconomic status, and the relationship between health-related behaviors and toothbrushing among adolescents. The database used here was the National School-Based Health Survey (PeNSE), a cross-sectional population-based study in 2009 with students from 27 Brazilian State capitals. Socio-demographic and health-related behavior data were collected. The survey included 49,189 adolescents (47.5% males), the majority of whom were 14 years of age and enrolled in public schools. The associations between toothbrushing frequency and other health-related behaviors and socioeconomic status varied between boys and girls. Associations were observed between health-related habits and toothbrushing frequency in both sexes, but with variations according to socioeconomic status. Planning health promotion interventions for adolescents should take their individual characteristics and family and social context into account.


Assuntos
Adolescente , Feminino , Humanos , Inquéritos de Saúde Bucal/estatística & dados numéricos , Comportamentos Relacionados com a Saúde , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Escovação Dentária/estatística & dados numéricos , Brasil/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Instituições Acadêmicas , Fatores Sexuais
17.
Cad. saúde pública ; 28(supl): s133-s145, 2012. ilus, tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: lil-638749

RESUMO

O objetivo deste estudo foi estimar a prevalência da dor de dente em adolescentes brasileiros e analisar fatores sociodemográficos e comportamentais associados, utilizando os dados da Pesquisa Nacional de Saúde do Escolar (PeNSE) de 2009. A pesquisa foi realizada pelo Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística e pelo Ministério da Saúde em escolares com idades entre 11 e 17 anos ou mais, das 27 capitais brasileiras, por meio de questionário autoaplicável. Utilizou-se a análise de regressão de Poisson, segundo um modelo hierárquico de determinação. A prevalência de dor na amostra (n = 54.985) nos últimos seis meses foi de 17,8% (IC95%: 17,5-18,1). Prevalências mais elevadas foram encontradas em mulheres, naqueles com 14 anos ou mais, das raças preta, parda e indígena, de escolas públicas, cujas mães tinham baixa escolaridade, que não moravam com a mãe, que haviam experimentado cigarro e álcool alguma vez na vida, que relataram menor frequência de escovação e maior consumo de guloseimas e refrigerantes. A prevalência de dor foi considerável e associada a aspectos sociodemográficos e de comportamentos relacionados à saúde.


The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of dental pain and associated socio-demographic and behavioral factors in Brazilian adolescents, using data from the National School-Based Health Survey (PeNSE), Brazil, 2009. The survey was conducted by the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE) and Ministry of Health in students 11 to 17 years of age or older in the 27 State capitals, using a self-administered questionnaire. Analyses included Poisson regression following a hierarchical approach. Prevalence of dental pain in the sample (n = 54,985) in the previous six months was 17.8% (95%CI: 17.5-18.1). Higher prevalence was associated with female gender, age 14 years and over, racial self-identification as black, brown, or indigenous, enrollment in public schools, lower maternal schooling, not living with the mother, history of smoking or drinking, less frequent toothbrushing, and heavy consumption of sweets and soft drinks. Dental pain was thus associated with socio-demographic factors and health-related behaviors.


Assuntos
Adolescente , Feminino , Humanos , Adulto Jovem , Comportamentos Relacionados com a Saúde , Inquéritos Epidemiológicos/estatística & dados numéricos , Odontalgia/epidemiologia , Brasil/epidemiologia , Distribuição de Poisson , Prevalência , Análise de Regressão , Fatores de Risco , Instituições Acadêmicas , Fatores Sexuais , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Estudantes/psicologia
18.
Rev Bras Epidemiol ; 14 Suppl 1: 147-56, 2011 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22002151

RESUMO

The objective of this study was to describe situations related to sexual health of adolescents, according to the National Survey of School Health (PeNSE). It is a cross-sectional study performed by the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE), in partnership with the Ministry of Health that involved 60,973 students and 1,453 public and private schools. Data analysis points out that 30.5% (95%CI 29.9-31.2) of the adolescents had already had sexual relations sometime in their lives, being more frequent for males (43.7%; 95%CI 42.7-44.7) than females (18.7%; 95%CI 18.0-19.4), especially those who go to public schools (33.1%; 95%CI 32.4-33.9), aged 15 years or older (47.3%; 95%CI 45.7-48.9) and 16 years (63.5%; 95%CI 61,5-65.4). The sexual initiation age was early and 40.1% (95%CI 38.8-41.4) reported having had only one partner in life. The use of condoms in the last sexual relation was high both for protective (75.9%; CI95% 74.8-76.9) and contraceptive methods (74.7%; 95%CI 73.6-75.7). It is necessary to emphasize actions for promoting sexual health towards adolescents in order to minimize vulnerabilities.


Assuntos
Comportamento Sexual , Adolescente , Brasil , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Inquéritos Epidemiológicos , Humanos , Masculino
19.
Rev Bras Epidemiol ; 14 Suppl 1: 157-65, 2011 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22002152

RESUMO

Overweight and obesity are public health issues that affect an important part of the world population. This study aims at describing the trends in overweight and obesity prevalence rates from 2006 to 2009, by means of telephone surveys in 27 Brazilian cities, with a population aged 18 years or older. The body mass index (BMI) was calculated by the reported height and weight; overweight and obesity were considered as BMI >25 kg/m² and >30 kg/m², respectively. Temporal variation in overweight and obesity prevalence is presented for men and women, according to age group, schooling, stable relationship, and skin color. Poisson regression was used for the analysis. Overweight prevalence was 43.0, 42.7, 44.2 and 46.6%,for each year of the period from 2006 to 2009, respectively. For obesity, in the same period, the trend was: 11.4, 12.7, 13.2 and 13.8%. The temporal trend varied in relation to some demographic and socioeconomic variables. The prevalence was higher among women and young adults. The temporal trend was independent of the relationship status of the interviewees, but the prevalence was higher among white women and those with less years of schooling. The results in this study confirmed the urgent need for effective prevention and control measures, as the increasing trend is occurring in a short period of time, especially among youngsters.


Assuntos
Obesidade/epidemiologia , Sobrepeso/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Brasil/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , Fatores de Tempo , Adulto Jovem
20.
Rev Bras Epidemiol ; 14 Suppl 1: 166-77, 2011 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22002153

RESUMO

This study evaluates the relation between the use of tobacco, alcoholic beverages and illicit drugs and family protective factors. Data from the National School Health Survey (PeNSE) were analyzed in a sample of 60,973 students at the freshman year of high school, from public and private schools of Brazilian state capitals. Most adolescents lived with both their parents and about a third lived in households only with their mothers. Half the parents or responsible parties are aware of what adolescents do in their free time. Living with both parents is a protective factor for smoking, drinking, and drug use. Family supervision is also important for the prevention of such behavior. Sharing a meal with parents or responsible parties most days of the week and the fact that the parents know what the adolescents have done in their free time in the past 30 days are also protective factors. Students that miss classes without telling their parents have higher chances of using tobacco, alcohol, and drugs. The family plays an essential role to prevent tobacco, alcohol, and drug use, and to promote health among teenagers.


Assuntos
Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas/prevenção & controle , Características da Família , Relações Familiares , Prevenção do Hábito de Fumar , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias/prevenção & controle , Adolescente , Brasil , Feminino , Inquéritos Epidemiológicos , Humanos , Masculino
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