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1.
Circ Cardiovasc Interv ; 12(3): e007546, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30871358

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Stroke remains one of the most devastating complications of transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). The aim of this study was to identify the incidence, timing, temporal trends, and predictors of stroke after TAVI and evaluate the outcomes of patients with stroke. METHODS AND RESULTS: The CENTER-Collaboration is an international collaboration consisting of 3 national registries and 7 local registries or prospective clinical trials, selected through a systematic review. Accordingly, a total of 10 982 patients undergoing transfemoral TAVI between 2007 and 2018 were included in the current patient-level pooled analyses. A total of 261 patients (2.4%) experienced stroke during the first month after TAVI. The median time between TAVI and stroke was 1 day (interquartile range, 0-6 days). The stroke rate was comparable in procedures performed in the early years of TAVI (2007-2012) to those in the more recent years of TAVI (2013-2018; both 2.4%; P=1.0). Independent predictors of stroke at 30 days were a history of cerebrovascular events (odds ratio, 2.2; 95% CI, 1.4-3.6; P=0.0012) and a glomerular filtration rate of <30 mL/min per 1.73 m2 (odds ratio, 1.7; 95% CI, 1.0-2.8; P=0.05). Stroke occurring within the first 30 days after TAVI was associated with a 6-fold increase of 30-day mortality (odds ratio, 6.0; 95% CI, 4.4-8.1; P<0.001). Moreover, patients with stroke more frequently had documented new-onset atrial fibrillation (16% versus 3%; P<0.001) and major or life-threatening bleedings (12% versus 7%; P=0.002) at 30-day follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: In this large, global, patient-level analysis, the incidence of stroke after transfemoral TAVI was 2.4%. Prior cerebrovascular events and a low glomerular filtration rate independently predicted the occurrence of stroke after TAVI. The occurrence of stroke after TAVI was associated with a strikingly 6-fold increase of 30-day mortality; additionally, there was a 5-fold higher rate of new-onset atrial fibrillation in patients with stroke. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: URL: https://www.clinicaltrials.gov . Unique identifier: NCT03588247.

2.
Rev. esp. cardiol. (Ed. impr.) ; 72(1): 21-29, ene. 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-182495

RESUMO

Introducción y objetivos: El daño renal agudo (DRA) ocurre con frecuencia tras el implante percutáneo de válvula aórtica (TAVI) y se asocia con una mayor mortalidad. Sin embargo, el impacto del DRA en la evolución a largo plazo continúa siendo controvertida. Por dicho motivo se evalúa el impacto del DRA el resultado a corto y largo plazo tras el TAVI usando los criterios Valve Academic Research Consortium 2. Métodos: Se incluyeron 794 pacientes consecutivos con estenosis aórtica grave en un registro multicéntrico brasileño. Para la identificación de los predictores de DRA se utilizó el análisis de regresión logística. La supervivencia a 4 años se determinó mediante las curvas de Kaplan-Meier y para determinar el impacto del DRA en la mortalidad entre los supervivientes a 12 meses se usó un análisis de punto de referencia ajustado. Resultados: La incidencia de DRA tras el TAVI fue del 18%. Los predictores independientes de DRA fueron: edad, diabetes mellitus, hemorragia mayor o amenazante para la vida y la malaposición valvular. El DRA se asoció independientemente con un riesgo mayor de muerte total (HR ajustada = 2,8; IC95%, 2,0-3,9; p < 0,001) y cardiovascular (HR ajustada = 2,9; IC95%, 1,9-4,4; p < 0,001) durante el periodo de seguimiento completo. Sin embargo, cuando se consideró solo los supervivientes a 12 meses, no hubo diferencias en ambos objetivos clínicos (HR ajustada = 1,2; IC95%, 0,5-2,4; p = 0,71, y HR = 0,7; IC95%, 0,2-2,1; p = 0,57, respectivamente). Conclusiones: El DRA es una complicación frecuente tras el TAVI. La edad avanzada, la diabetes, la hemorragia mayor o amenazante para la vida y la malaposición valvular eran factores predictivos de DRA. El DRA se asoció con el pronóstico a corto y largo plazo, sin embargo, el impacto del DRA sobre la mortalidad se limitó al primer año tras el TAVI


Introduction and objectives: Acute kidney injury (AKI) is frequently observed after transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) and is associated with higher mortality. However, the impact of AKI on long-term outcomes remains controversial. Therefore, we sought to evaluate the impact of AKI on short- and long-term outcomes following TAVI using the Valve Academic Research Consortium 2 criteria. Methods: Consecutive patients (n = 794) with severe aortic stenosis who underwent TAVI were included in a multicenter Brazilian registry. Logistic regression analysis was used to identify predictors of AKI. Four-year outcomes were determined as Kaplan-Meier survival curves, and an adjusted landmark analysis was used to test the impact of AKI on mortality among survivors at 12 months. Results: The incidence of AKI after TAVI was 18%. Independent predictors of AKI were age, diabetes mellitus, major or life-threatening bleeding and valve malpositioning. Acute kidney injury was independently associated with higher risk of all-cause death (adjusted HR, 2.8; 95%CI, 2.0-3.9; P < .001) and cardiovascular mortality (adjusted HR, 2.9; 95%CI, 1.9-4.4; P < .001) over the entire follow-up period. However, when considering only survivors at 12 months, there was no difference in both clinical endpoints (adjusted HR, 1.2; 95%CI, 0.5-2.4; P = .71, and HR, 0.7; 95%CI, 0.2-2.1; P = .57, respectively). Conclusions: Acute kidney injury is a frequent complication after TAVI. Older age, diabetes, major or life-threatening bleeding, and valve malpositioning were independent predictors of AKI. Acute kidney injury is associated with worse short- and long-term outcomes. However, the major impact of AKI on mortality is limited to the first year after TAVI


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Lesão Renal Aguda/epidemiologia , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/métodos , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/complicações , Fatores de Risco , Complicações Pós-Operatórias
3.
Rev. esp. de cardiol. (Internet. Engl. ed.) ; 72(1): 21-29, Jan. 2019. tabela, gráfico
Artigo em Inglês | Sec. Est. Saúde SP, SESSP-IDPCPROD, Sec. Est. Saúde SP | ID: biblio-1023736

RESUMO

Acute kidney injury (AKI) is frequently observed after transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) and is associated with higher mortality. However, the impact of AKI on long-term outcomes remains controversial. Therefore, we sought to evaluate the impact of AKI on short- and long-term outcomes following TAVI using the Valve Academic Research Consortium 2 criteria. METHODS: Consecutive patients (n = 794) with severe aortic stenosis who underwent TAVI were included in a multicenter Brazilian registry. Logistic regression analysis was used to identify predictors of AKI. Four-year outcomes were determined as Kaplan-Meier survival curves, and an adjusted landmark analysis was used to test the impact of AKI on mortality among survivors at 12 months. RESULTS: The incidence of AKI after TAVI was 18%. Independent predictors of AKI were age, diabetes mellitus, major or life-threatening bleeding and valve malpositioning. Acute kidney injury was independently associated with higher risk of all-cause death (adjusted HR, 2.8; 95%CI, 2.0-3.9; P < .001) and cardiovascular mortality (adjusted HR, 2.9; 95%CI, 1.9-4.4; P < .001) over the entire follow-up period. However, when considering only survivors at 12 months, there was no difference in both clinical endpoints (adjusted HR, 1.2; 95%CI, 0.5-2.4; P = .71, and HR, 0.7; 95%CI, 0.2-2.1; P = .57, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: Acute kidney injury is a frequent complication after TAVI. Older age, diabetes, major or life-threatening bleeding, and valve malpositioning were independent predictors of AKI. Acute kidney injury is associated with worse short- and long-term outcomes. However, the major impact of AKI on mortality is limited to the first year after TAVI. Copyright © 2017 Sociedad Española de Cardiología. Published by Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved. KEYWORDS: Acute kidney injury; Aortic stenosis; Daño renal agudo; Edad avanzada; Elderly; Estenosis aórtica; Implante percutáneo de válvula aórtica; Mortalidad; Mortality; Transcatheter aortic valve implantation; Valve Academic Research Consortium. (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Lesão Renal Aguda , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/efeitos adversos , Período Pós-Operatório
4.
Circ Cardiovasc Interv ; 11(11): e006927, 2018 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30571207

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The impact of preexisting left bundle branch block (LBBB) in transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) recipients is unknown. The aim of this study was to determine the impact of preexisting LBBB on clinical outcomes after TAVR. METHODS AND RESULTS: This multicenter study evaluated 3404 TAVR candidates according to the presence or absence of LBBB on baseline ECG. TAVR complications and causes of death were defined according to Valve Academic Research Consortium-2 definitions. Follow-up outpatient visits or telephone interviews were conducted at 30 days, 12 months, and yearly thereafter. Echocardiography examinations were performed at baseline, at hospital discharge, and at 1-year follow-up. Preexisting LBBB was present in 398 patients (11.7%) and was associated with an increased risk of permanent pacemaker implantation (PPI; 21.1% versus 14.8%; adjusted odds ratio, 1.51; 95% CI, 1.12-2.04) but not death (7.3% versus 5.5%; adjusted odds ratio, 1.33; 95% CI, 0.84-2.12) at 30 days. At a mean follow-up of 22±21 months, there were no differences between patients with and without preexisting LBBB in overall mortality (adjusted hazard ratio, 0.94; 95% CI, 0.75-1.18) and cardiovascular mortality (adjusted hazard ratio, 0.90; 95% CI, 0.68-1.21). In a subanalysis of 2421 patients without PPI at 30 days and with complete follow-up about the PPI, preexisting LBBB was not associated with an increased risk of PPI or sudden cardiac death. Patients with preexisting LBBB had a lower left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) at baseline and at 1-year follow-up ( P <0.001 for both), but those with low LVEF exhibited a similar increase in LVEF over time after TAVR compared with patients with no preexisting LBBB ( P=0.327). CONCLUSIONS: Preexisting LBBB significantly increased the risk of early (but not late) PPI after TAVR, without any significant effect on overall mortality or cardiovascular mortality. Preexisting LBBB was associated with lower LVEF pre-TAVR but did not prevent an increase in LVEF post-TAVR similar to patients without LBBB.


Assuntos
Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Bloqueio de Ramo/terapia , Estimulação Cardíaca Artificial , Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas/cirurgia , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Aórtica/fisiopatologia , Brasil/epidemiologia , Bloqueio de Ramo/diagnóstico , Bloqueio de Ramo/mortalidade , Bloqueio de Ramo/fisiopatologia , Canadá/epidemiologia , Estimulação Cardíaca Artificial/efeitos adversos , Estimulação Cardíaca Artificial/mortalidade , Ecocardiografia , Eletrocardiografia , Europa (Continente)/epidemiologia , Feminino , Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas/diagnóstico por imagem , Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas/mortalidade , Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Masculino , Marca-Passo Artificial , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/mortalidade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/terapia , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/efeitos adversos , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/mortalidade , Resultado do Tratamento
5.
Arq Bras Cardiol ; 111(2): 193-202, 2018 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30183986

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Balloon post-dilatation (BPD) is often needed for optimizing transcatheter heart valve (THV) implantation, since paravalvular leak (PVL) after transcatheter aortic valve implantation is associated with poor outcome and mortality. Quantitative assessment of PVL severity before and after BPD is mandatory to properly assess PVL, thus improving implantation results and outcomes. OBJECTIVE: To investigate a quantitative angiographic assessment of aortic regurgitation (AR) by videodensitometry before and after BPD. METHODS: Videodensitometric-AR assessments (VD-AR) before and after BPD were analysed in 61 cases. RESULTS: VD-AR decreased significantly from 24.0[18.0-30.5]% to 12.0[5.5-19.0]% (p < 0.001, a two-tailed p < 0.05 defined the statistical significance). The relative delta of VD-AR after BPD ranged from -100% (improvement) to +40% (deterioration) and its median value was -46.2%. The frequency of improvement, no change, and deterioration were 70% (n = 43), 25% (n = 15) and 5% (n = 3), respectively. Significant AR (VD-AR > 17%) was observed in 47 patients (77%) before and in 19 patients (31%) after BPD. CONCLUSIONS: VD-AR after THV implantation provides a quantitative assessment of post-TAVI regurgitation and can help in the decision-making process on performing BPD and in determining its efficacy.


Assuntos
Insuficiência da Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Insuficiência da Valva Aórtica/etiologia , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/métodos , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Aortografia , Densitometria , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/diagnóstico por imagem , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/efeitos adversos , Gravação em Vídeo
6.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 111(2): 193-202, Aug. 2018. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-950218

RESUMO

Abstract Background: Balloon post-dilatation (BPD) is often needed for optimizing transcatheter heart valve (THV) implantation, since paravalvular leak (PVL) after transcatheter aortic valve implantation is associated with poor outcome and mortality. Quantitative assessment of PVL severity before and after BPD is mandatory to properly assess PVL, thus improving implantation results and outcomes. Objective: To investigate a quantitative angiographic assessment of aortic regurgitation (AR) by videodensitometry before and after BPD. Methods: Videodensitometric-AR assessments (VD-AR) before and after BPD were analysed in 61 cases. Results: VD-AR decreased significantly from 24.0[18.0-30.5]% to 12.0[5.5-19.0]% (p < 0.001, a two-tailed p < 0.05 defined the statistical significance). The relative delta of VD-AR after BPD ranged from -100% (improvement) to +40% (deterioration) and its median value was -46.2%. The frequency of improvement, no change, and deterioration were 70% (n = 43), 25% (n = 15) and 5% (n = 3), respectively. Significant AR (VD-AR > 17%) was observed in 47 patients (77%) before and in 19 patients (31%) after BPD. Conclusions: VD-AR after THV implantation provides a quantitative assessment of post-TAVI regurgitation and can help in the decision-making process on performing BPD and in determining its efficacy.


Resumo Fundamento: A pós-dilatação com balão (PDB) é normalmente necessária para otimização do implante da válvula cardíaca transcateter (THV), uma vez que o "escape" ou leak paravalvar (PVL) após implante de valva aórtica transcateter está associada com desfecho ruim e mortalidade. A avaliação quantitativa da gravidade do PVL antes e após a PDB é mandatória para se avaliar adequadamente o PVL e, assim, melhorar os resultados e os desfechos do implante. Objetivo: Investigar uma avalição angiográfica quantitativa da regurgitação aórtica (RA) por videodensitometria (VD-RA) antes e após a PDB. Métodos: Resultados da VD-RA antes e após a PDB foram analisados em 61 casos. Resultados Houve diminuição significativa da VD-RA de 24,0(18,0-30,5)% para 12,0(5,5-19,0)% (p < 0,001; p < 0,05 bilateral foi definido como significância estatística). O delta relativo de VD-RA após a PDB variou de -100% (melhora) a +40% (piora) e o valor mediano foi -46,2%. As frequências de melhora, ausência de mudança, e piora foram 70% (n = 43), 25% (n = 15) e 5% (n = 3), respectivamente. Observou-se RA significativo (VD-RA > 17%) em 47 pacientes (77%) antes e em 19 pacientes (31%) após a PDB. Conclusões: A VD-RA após o implante de THV possibilita a avaliação quantitativa da regurgitação pós-TAVI, e pode auxiliar na tomada de decisão quanto à realização ou não da PDB, bem como na avaliação de sua eficácia.

7.
Catheter Cardiovasc Interv ; 92(5): 945-953, 2018 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29520970

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To explore the rate, the determinants of success, and the hemodynamic impact of balloon postdilatation (BPD) of self-expanding transcatheter heart valves (SE-THVs) BACKGROUND: BPD is commonly used to optimize valve expansion and reduce paravalvular leakage (PVL) after transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) without clearly knowing its hemodynamic benefits. METHODS: Patients (n = 307) who received a SE-THV were stratified according to whether a BPD was performed or not. Patients who received BPD were stratified according to the severity of PVL remaining after BPD into two groups: Successful BPD (≤mild PVL + BPD) and Failed BPD (moderate-severe PVL + BPD). RESULTS: BPD was performed in 121 patients (39.4%) and was successful in 106 patients (87.6% of attempts). A ratio of the postdilatation balloon diameter to the annulus diameter ≤0.95 was an independent predictor of BPD failure (OR: 10.72 [2.02-56.76], P = .005). Peak transvalvular pressure gradient (PG) was lower in the Successful BPD group (14[12-22] mm Hg) than in the Failed BPD group (18[16-23] mm Hg, P = .029), and did not rise in either group during follow-up (median [IQR], 364[161-739] days). CONCLUSION: BPD was performed in 39% of patients who received a SE-THV, and was successful in the majority of attempts. BPD failure was more likely in patients with a small postdilatation balloon-to-annulus diameter ratio. Effective BPD improved THV hemodynamic performance, and this was maintained in the intermediate-term post-TAVI.

8.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29358043

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Acute kidney injury (AKI) is frequently observed after transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) and is associated with higher mortality. However, the impact of AKI on long-term outcomes remains controversial. Therefore, we sought to evaluate the impact of AKI on short- and long-term outcomes following TAVI using the Valve Academic Research Consortium 2 criteria. METHODS: Consecutive patients (n = 794) with severe aortic stenosis who underwent TAVI were included in a multicenter Brazilian registry. Logistic regression analysis was used to identify predictors of AKI. Four-year outcomes were determined as Kaplan-Meier survival curves, and an adjusted landmark analysis was used to test the impact of AKI on mortality among survivors at 12 months. RESULTS: The incidence of AKI after TAVI was 18%. Independent predictors of AKI were age, diabetes mellitus, major or life-threatening bleeding and valve malpositioning. Acute kidney injury was independently associated with higher risk of all-cause death (adjusted HR, 2.8; 95%CI, 2.0-3.9; P < .001) and cardiovascular mortality (adjusted HR, 2.9; 95%CI, 1.9-4.4; P < .001) over the entire follow-up period. However, when considering only survivors at 12 months, there was no difference in both clinical endpoints (adjusted HR, 1.2; 95%CI, 0.5-2.4; P = .71, and HR, 0.7; 95%CI, 0.2-2.1; P = .57, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: Acute kidney injury is a frequent complication after TAVI. Older age, diabetes, major or life-threatening bleeding, and valve malpositioning were independent predictors of AKI. Acute kidney injury is associated with worse short- and long-term outcomes. However, the major impact of AKI on mortality is limited to the first year after TAVI.

9.
Rev. Soc. Cardiol. Estado de Säo Paulo ; 28(1)jan.-mar. 2018. graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-906727

RESUMO

Por cerca de 15 anos, o Implante Transcateter Valvar Aórtico (TAVI) passou por avanços tecnológicos, adquiriu experiência acumulada e tornou-se alternativa à cirurgia convencional. A principal indicação é a estenose aórtica degenerativa do idoso. Evidências atuais foram ampliadas para aqueles de risco intermediário e se tornaram mais robustas nos pacientes de alto risco e inoperáveis. Em situações específicas, como valva aórtica bicúspide, regurgitação aórtica pura, pacientes de baixo risco e bioprótese cirúrgica degenerada, os resultados ainda não são totalmente previsíveis, mas muito promissores. Os tipos de dispositivos atualmente liberados para uso clinico são divididos em: da geração inicial e os da nova geração, assim como em auto expansível, balão expansível e expansível mecanicamente. O sítio de acesso preferencial na atualidade é a via transfemoral. Outras alternativas de acessos também têm se mostrado viáveis e confiáveis. As principais complicações são vasculares, eventos neurológicos, distúrbios de condução e regurgitação paravalvar. Apesar da baixa incidência, a ruptura aórtica e a oclusão coronária são uma fonte de maior interesse, devido ao seu potencial impacto na morbimortalidade. A realização mais recente do procedimento em pacientes mais jovens faz necessária mais atenção à questões referentes à durabilidade e ao risco de trombose. Embora o TAVI ainda possa ser um procedimento complexo, após atingida experiência, existe a tendência de migração para uma abordagem mais simplificada com segurança. A seleção do paciente deve, idealmente, ser feita por uma equipe multidisciplinar e uma completa avaliação por imagem, em que a angitomografia é imprescindível, mandatória


For around fifteen years, Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implant (TAVI) has undergone technological advances, acquired accumulated experience, and become an alternative to conventional surgery. The main indication is degenerative aortic stenosis in the elderly patient. Current evidence has been extended to those with intermediate risk, and has become more robust in high-risk and inoperable patients. In specific situations, such as bicuspid aortic valve, pure aortic regurgitation, low-risk patients, and degenerated surgical bioprosthesis, the results are not totally predictable, but are very promising. The types of device currently released for clinical use are divided into first generation and new generation devices, and into auto-expandable, balloon-expandable, and mechanically-expandable. The preferential access site is currently the transfermoral route. Other access alternatives have also proven viable and reliable. The main complications are vascular, neurological events, conduction disturbances, and paravalvular regurgitation. Despite their low incidence, aortic rupture and coronary occlusion have attracted greater interest due to their potential impact on morbimortality. The more recent use of the procedure in younger patients raises issues related to durability and the risk of thrombosis. Although TAVI is still a complex procedure, after gaining experience, there is a tendency to move towards a more simplified, safer approach. The patient selection should ideally be carried out by a multidisciplinary team, and a complete imaging assessment that includes angiotomography is absolutely essential


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Valva Aórtica/anormalidades , Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas , Valva Mitral/anormalidades , Implantação de Prótese , Insuficiência da Valva Aórtica , Estenose da Valva Aórtica , Bloqueio Atrioventricular , Bioprótese , Ecocardiografia/métodos , Marca-Passo Artificial , Fatores de Risco , Tomografia/métodos
10.
EuroIntervention ; 13(10): 1157-1165, 2017 Nov 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28691910

RESUMO

AIMS: In addition to patients with pure/predominant aortic stenosis (PAS), real-world transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) referrals include patients with mixed aortic valve disease (MAVD; severe stenosis+moderate-severe regurgitation). We sought to compare TAVI outcomes in patients with MAVD vs. PAS. METHODS AND RESULTS: Out of 793 consecutive patients undergoing TAVI, 106 (13.4%) had MAVD. Patients with MAVD were younger and had a higher operative risk, a more severe adverse cardiac remodelling, and a worse functional status than patients with PAS. Moderate-severe prosthetic valve regurgitation (PVR) was significantly more frequent in patients with MAVD than in patients with PAS (15.7% vs. 3.6%, p=0.003), even after propensity-score and multivariable adjustments. Moderate-severe PVR was associated with increased one-year mortality in patients with PAS (log-rank p=0.002), but not in patients with MAVD (log-rank p=0.27). Eventually, all-cause and cardiac mortality as well as the functional capacity were similar in the two study groups up to one year. CONCLUSIONS: A significant proportion of patients referred for TAVI in a real-world registry has MAVD. Moderate-severe AR at baseline can influence the rate and modify the clinical sequelae of post-TAVI PVR. Eventually, clinical outcomes in patients with MAVD are comparable to those in patients with PAS in the acute and midterm phases, in spite of a baseline higher risk. MAVD should not be considered a contraindication for TAVI.


Assuntos
Estenose da Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Cardiopatias Congênitas/cirurgia , Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas/cirurgia , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Cateterismo Cardíaco/métodos , Feminino , Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas/efeitos adversos , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/métodos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores de Risco , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/efeitos adversos , Resultado do Tratamento
11.
JACC Cardiovasc Interv ; 10(15): 1564-1574, 2017 Aug 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28734885

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study sought to assess the influence of baseline right bundle branch block (RBBB) on all-cause and cardiovascular mortality as well as sudden cardiac death (SCD) among patients undergoing transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR). BACKGROUND: Few data exist regarding the late clinical impact of pre-existing RBBB in TAVR recipients. METHODS: A total of 3,527 patients (mean age 82 ± 8 years, 50.1% men) were evaluated according to the presence of RBBB on baseline electrocardiography. Intraventricular conduction abnormalities were classified according to the American Heart Association, American College of Cardiology Foundation, and Heart Rhythm Society recommendations for standardization and interpretation of the electrocardiogram. TAVR complications and causes of death were defined according to Valve Academic Research Consortium 2 definitions. RESULTS: RBBB was present on baseline electrocardiography in 362 patients (10.3%) and associated with higher 30-day rates of permanent pacemaker implantation (PPI) (40.1% vs. 13.5%; p < 0.001) and death (10.2% vs. 6.9%; p = 0.024). At a mean follow-up of 20 ± 18 months, pre-existing RBBB was independently associated with all-cause mortality (hazard ratio [HR]: 1.31; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.06 to 1.63; p = 0.014) and cardiovascular mortality (HR: 1.45; 95% CI: 1.11 to 1.89; p = 0.006) but not with SCD (HR: 0.71; 95% CI: 0.22 to 2.32; p = 0.57). Patients with pre-existing RBBB and without PPI at discharge from the index hospitalization had the highest 2-year risk for cardiovascular death (27.8%; 95% CI: 20.9% to 36.1%; log-rank p = 0.007). In a subanalysis of 1,245 patients without PPI at discharge from the index hospitalization and with complete follow-up regarding the need for PPI, pre-existing RBBB was independently associated with the composite of SCD and PPI (HR: 2.68; 95% CI: 1.16 to 6.17; p = 0.023). CONCLUSIONS: Pre-existing RBBB was found in 10% of TAVR recipients and was associated with poorer clinical outcomes. Patients with baseline RBBB without permanent pacemakers at hospital discharge may be at especially high risk for high-degree atrioventricular block and/or SCD during follow-up. Future studies should evaluate strategies aimed at the early detection of patients at risk for late development of high-degree atrioventricular block.


Assuntos
Estenose da Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Bloqueio de Ramo/mortalidade , Morte Súbita Cardíaca/epidemiologia , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/mortalidade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Aórtica/fisiopatologia , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/mortalidade , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/fisiopatologia , Brasil/epidemiologia , Bloqueio de Ramo/diagnóstico , Bloqueio de Ramo/fisiopatologia , Canadá/epidemiologia , Causas de Morte , Ecocardiografia , Eletrocardiografia , Europa (Continente)/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Análise Multivariada , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/efeitos adversos , Resultado do Tratamento
12.
Clin Res Cardiol ; 106(9): 752-759, 2017 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28444455

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Patients with degenerative aortic stenosis (AS) referred for transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) typically have advanced cardiac and vascular adverse remodeling and multiple comorbidities and, therefore, might not recover a normal functional capacity after valve replacement. We sought to investigate the prevalence, the predictors, and the prognostic impact of residual impairment of functional capacity after TAVI. METHODS AND RESULTS: Out of 790 patients undergoing TAVI with impaired functional capacity (NYHA II-IV) at baseline, NYHA functional class improved in 592 (86.5%) and remained unchanged/worsened in 92 (13.5%) at follow-up [median (IQR): 419 (208-807) days] after TAVI. Normal functional capacity (NYHA I) was recovered in 65.5% (n = 448) of patients, while the rest had variable degrees of residual impairment. On multivariable regression analysis, atrial fibrillation [odds ratio-OR, 2.08 (1.21-3.58), p = 0.008], low-flow-low-gradient AS [OR, 1.97 (1.09-3.57), p = 0.026], chronic obstructive pulmonary disease [OR, 1.92 (1.19-3.12), p = 0.008], and lower hemoglobin at baseline [OR, 1.11 (1.01-1.21) for each g% decrement, p = 0.036] were independently associated with residual impairment of functional capacity. All-cause and cardiac mortality were significantly higher in those with residual impairment of functional capacity than in those in NYHA I class [hazard ratio-HR: 2.37 (95% CI: 1.51-3.72), p < 0.001 and 2.16 (95% CI: 1.08-4.35), p = 0.030, respectively]. Even mild residual functional impairment (NYHA II) was associated with a higher all-cause [HR: 2.02 (95% CI: 1.10-3.72), p = 0.023] and cardiac [HR: 2.08 (95% CI: 1.42-3.07), p < 0.001] mortality. CONCLUSION: Residual impairment of functional capacity is common after TAVI and is independently associated with increased mortality. Predictors of residual impairment of functional status are predominantly patient-rather than procedure-related.


Assuntos
Estenose da Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/fisiopatologia , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/métodos , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Fibrilação Atrial/complicações , Feminino , Insuficiência Cardíaca/mortalidade , Humanos , Masculino , Prevalência , Prognóstico , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/complicações , Sistema de Registros , Análise de Regressão , Fatores de Risco , Resultado do Tratamento
13.
Catheter Cardiovasc Interv ; 89(3): 429-436, 2017 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27468953

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to compare gender-related differences in outcomes of patients undergoing TAVI over a long-term follow-up period. BACKGROUND: Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) has been considered the standard therapy for patients with inoperable or high-risk symptomatic aortic stenosis. The influence of gender-related differences in outcomes of patients undergoing TAVI is currently on debate. METHODS: From January 2008 to January 2015, 819 patients (49% men) underwent TAVI and were included in a multicenter Brazilian registry. Patients were followed-up and clinical outcomes were evaluated according to the updated Valve Academic Research Consortium-2 criteria. RESULTS: Mean follow-up was 497 ± 478 days. Compared with women, men had a lower rate of major or life-threatening bleeding (12.0% vs. 20.6%; HR = 0.57 [95CI% 0.40-0.81]; P = 0.001), and major vascular complications (6% vs. 11.7%; HR = 0.50 [95CI% 0.31-0.82]; P = 0.004). At 30 days, all-cause mortality was lower in men than in women (6.5% vs. 11.5%; P = 0.013), however, cumulative all-cause mortality was similar between groups (25.9% vs. 29.7%, men and women, respectively, HR = 0.92 [95CI% 0.71-1.19]; P = 0.52) over the entire follow-up period. By adjusted Cox regression model, renal function, diabetes, peripheral artery disease, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) remained independently predictors of all-cause mortality. CONCLUSIONS: In this large-scale study evaluating patients undergoing TAVI, 30-day mortality was higher among women than men driven by significant higher rates of major or life-threatening bleeding and major vascular complications. However, all-cause mortality on long-term follow-up was similar between groups. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.


Assuntos
Estenose da Valva Aórtica/terapia , Valva Aórtica , Cateterismo Cardíaco , Disparidades nos Níveis de Saúde , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Aórtica/fisiopatologia , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/mortalidade , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/fisiopatologia , Brasil , Cateterismo Cardíaco/efeitos adversos , Cateterismo Cardíaco/instrumentação , Cateterismo Cardíaco/métodos , Cateterismo Cardíaco/mortalidade , Distribuição de Qui-Quadrado , Comorbidade , Feminino , Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/efeitos adversos , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/instrumentação , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/métodos , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/mortalidade , Hemodinâmica , Hemorragia/etiologia , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Estudos Prospectivos , Sistema de Registros , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Fatores Sexuais , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Doenças Vasculares/etiologia
14.
Catheter Cardiovasc Interv ; 89(3): 429-436, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | Sec. Est. Saúde SP, SESSP-IDPCPROD, Sec. Est. Saúde SP | ID: ses-34669

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to compare gender-related differences in outcomes of patients undergoing TAVI over a long-term follow-up period.BACKGROUND: Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) has been considered the standard therapy for patients with inoperable or high-risk symptomatic aortic stenosis. The influence of gender-related differences in outcomes of patients undergoing TAVI is currently on debate.METHODS: From January 2008 to January 2015, 819 patients (49% men) underwent TAVI and were included in a multicenter Brazilian registry. Patients were followed-up and clinical outcomes were evaluated according to the updated Valve Academic Research Consortium-2 criteria. RESULTS: Mean follow-up was 497 ± 478 days. Compared with women, men had a lower rate of major or life-threatening bleeding (12.0% vs. 20.6%; HR = 0.57 [95CI% 0.40-0.81]; P = 0.001), and major vascular complications (6% vs. 11.7%; HR = 0.50 [95CI% 0.31-0.82]; P = 0.004). At 30 days, all-cause mortality was lower in men than in women (6.5% vs. 11.5%; P = 0.013), however, cumulative all-cause mortality was similar between groups (25.9% vs. 29.7%, men and women, respectively, HR = 0.92 [95CI% 0.71-1.19]; P = 0.52) over the entire follow-up period. By adjusted Cox regression model, renal function, diabetes, peripheral artery disease, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) remained independently predictors of all-cause mortality...(AU)


Assuntos
Estenose da Valva Aórtica , Identidade de Gênero , Pacientes
15.
Clin Res Cardiol ; 106(9): 752-759, 2017. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | Sec. Est. Saúde SP, SESSP-IDPCPROD, Sec. Est. Saúde SP | ID: ses-36531

RESUMO

Background Patients with degenerative aortic stenosis(AS) referred for transcatheter aortic valve implantation(TAVI) typically have advanced cardiac and vascular adverse remodeling and multiple comorbidities and,therefore, might not recover a normal functional capacity after valve replacement. We sought to investigate the prevalence, the predictors, and the prognostic impact of residual impairment of functional capacity after TAVI. Methods and results Out of 790 patients undergoing TAVI with impaired functional capacity (NYHA II–IV) at baseline, NYHA functional class improved in 592 (86.5%) andremained unchanged/worsened in 92 (13.5%) at follow-up[median (IQR): 419 (208–807) days] after TAVI. Normal functional capacity (NYHA I) was recovered in 65.5%(n = 448) of patients, while the rest had variable degrees of residual impairment. On multivariable regression analysis,atrial fibrillation [odds ratio-OR, 2.08 (1.21–3.58), p = 0.008],low-flow–low-gradient AS [OR, 1.97 (1.09–3.57),p = 0.026], chronic obstructive pulmonary disease [OR, 1.92(1.19–3.12), p = 0.008], and lower hemoglobin at baseline[OR, 1.11 (1.01–1.21) for each g% decrement, p = 0.036]were independently associated with residual impairment offunctional capacity. All-cause and cardiac mortality weresignificantly higher in those with residual impairment of functional capacity than in those in NYHA I class [hazard ratioHR:2.37 (95% CI: 1.51–3.72), p\0.001 and 2.16 (95% CI:1.08–4.35), p = 0.030, respectively]. Even mild residual functional impairment (NYHA II) was associated with a higherall-cause [HR: 2.02 (95% CI: 1.10–3.72), p = 0.023] andcardiac [HR: 2.08 (95% CI: 1.42–3.07), p\0.001] mortality. Conclusion Residual impairment of functional capacity iscommon after TAVI and is independently associated with increased mortality. Predictors of residual impairment of functional status are predominantly patient-rather than procedure-related.(AU)


Assuntos
Estenose da Valva Aórtica , Qualidade de Vida
16.
JACC Cardiovasc Interv ; 10(15): 1564-1574, 2017. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | Sec. Est. Saúde SP, SESSP-IDPCPROD, Sec. Est. Saúde SP | ID: ses-36553

RESUMO

This study sought to assess the influence of baseline right bundle branch block (RBBB) on all-cause and cardiovascular mortality as well as sudden cardiac death (SCD) among patients undergoing transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR). Few data exist regarding the late clinical impact of pre-existing RBBB in TAVR recipients. A total of 3,527 patients (mean age 82 8 years, 50.1% men) were evaluated according to the presence of RBBB on baseline electrocardiography. Intraventricular conduction abnormalities were classified according to the American Heart Association, American College of Cardiology Foundation, and Heart Rhythm Society recommendations for standardization and interpretation of the electrocardiogram. TAVR complications and causes of death were defined according to Valve Academic Research Consortium 2 definitions. RBBB was present on baseline electrocardiography in 362 patients (10.3%) and associated with higher 30-day rates of permanent pacemaker implantation (PPI) (40.1% vs. 13.5%; p < 0.001) and death (10.2% vs. 6.9%; p ¼ 0.024). At a mean follow-up of 20 18 months, pre-existing RBBB was independently associated with all-cause mortality (hazard ratio [HR]: 1.31; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.06 to 1.63; p ¼ 0.014) and cardiovascular mortality (HR: 1.45; 95% CI: 1.11 to 1.89; p ¼ 0.006) but not with SCD (HR: 0.71; 95% CI: 0.22 to 2.32; p ¼ 0.57). Patients with pre-existing RBBB and without PPI at discharge from the index hospitalization had the highest 2-year risk for cardiovascular death (27.8%; 95% CI: 20.9% to 36.1%; log-rank p ¼ 0.007). In a subanalysis of 1,245 patients without PPI at discharge from the index hospitalization and with complete follow-up regarding the need for PPI, pre-existing RBBB was independently associated with the composite of SCD and PPI (HR: 2.68; 95% CI: 1.16 to 6.17; p ¼ 0.023)…(AU)


Assuntos
Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca , Bloqueio de Ramo , Morte Súbita Cardíaca
17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27496637

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Direct transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) is regarded as having potential advantages over TAVR with balloon aortic valve predilatation (BAVP) in reducing procedural complications, but there are few data to support this approach. METHODS AND RESULTS: Patients included in the Brazilian TAVR registry with CoreValve and Sapien-XT prosthesis were compared according to the implantation technique, with or without BAVP. Clinical and echocardiographic data were analyzed in overall population and after propensity score matching. A total of 761 consecutive patients (BAVP=372; direct-TAVR=389) were included. Direct-TAVR was possible in 99% of patients, whereas device success was similar between groups (BAVP=81.2% versus direct-TAVR=78.1%; P=0.3). No differences in clinical outcomes at 30 days and 1 year were observed, including all-cause mortality (7.6% versus 10%; P=0.25 and 18.1% versus 24.5%; P=0.07, respectively) and stroke (2.8% versus 3.8%; P=0.85 and 5.5% versus 6.8%; P=0.56, respectively). Nonetheless, TAVR with BAVP was associated with a higher rate of new onset persistent left bundle branch block with the CoreValve (47.7% versus 35.1%; P=0.01 at 1 year). Mean gradient and incidence of moderate/severe aortic regurgitation were similar in both groups at 1 year (11% versus 13.3%; P=0.57 and 9.8±5.5 versus 8.7±4.3; P=0.09, respectively). After propensity score matching analysis, all-cause mortality and stroke remained similar. By multivariable analysis, BAVP and the use of CoreValve were independent predictors of new onset persistent left bundle branch block. CONCLUSIONS: The 2 TAVR strategies, with or without BAVP, provided similar clinical and echocardiographic outcomes over a midterm follow-up although BAVP was associated with a higher rate of new onset persistent left bundle branch block, particularly in patients receiving a CoreValve.


Assuntos
Angioplastia Coronária com Balão/métodos , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/métodos , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Bloqueio de Ramo/etiologia , Causas de Morte , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pontuação de Propensão , Sistema de Registros , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/mortalidade
18.
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 29(4): f:253-l:261, jul.-ago. 2016. tab, graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-831819

RESUMO

Fundamentos: As recomendações das diretrizes para o tratamento de pacientes com infarto agudo do miocárdio com supradesnivelamento do segmento ST (IAMCSST) são baseados principalmente em dados de estudos clínicos randomizados. Objetivos: Procuramos avaliar as tendências temporais das características, do tratamento e da evolução de pacientes com IAMCSST que representassem a prática clínica diária. Métodos: Estudo de coorte prospectivo incluindo todos os pacientes com IAMCSST que procuraram nosso serviço no período de 2010 a 2013. Foram avaliados os aspectos clínicos, angiográficos, laboratoriais e de tratamento, além dos eventos cardiovasculares maiores (ECVM) em 30 dias. Resultados: O escore de risco TIMI médio e a maioria das características clínicas e angiográficas iniciais dos 1973 pacientes incluídos se mantiveram estáveis de 2010 a 2013, com exceção de diabetes mellitus (cuja frequência aumentou de 21% para 28%; p < 0,01). Foi realizada ICP primária em 95% dos casos, e o tempo porta-balão diminuiu de 1,27 para 1,11 horas (p < 0,01). Em relação ao tratamento, houve aumento significativo do uso de clopidrogrel 600mg em bolus (de 75% em 2010 para 93% em 2013; p < 0,001), no uso de anticoagulação pré-cateterização (50% versus 91%; p<0,001), e de acesso radial na ICPp (9% versus 66%; p < 0,001); houve, ainda, um menor uso de beta-bloqueadores (72% versus 63%; p < 0,001). Houve redução de ECVM de 17,4% para 9,5% (p < 0,05). Foram fatores preditivos independentes de ECVM as características iniciais, o acesso radial, o uso de beta-bloqueadores e de anticoagulação pré-cateterização. Conclusões: As características iniciais de pacientes com IAMCSST mantiveram-se estáveis durante um período de quatro anos, com exceção de diabetes mellitus, cuja frequência aumentou significativamente. Houve mudanças significativas no tratamento clínico e intervencionista e diminuição significativa nos desfechos cardiovasculares adversos em curto prazo. Os preditores de melhor evolução foram as características iniciais, uso de betabloqueadores, de anticoagulação pré-cateterização e acesso radial


Background: Guideline recommendations for the management of patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) are mainly based on data from randomized clinical trials. Objectives: We sought to assess temporal trends in characteristics, treatment and outcomes of patients with STEMI representative of the daily practice. Methods: Prospective cohort study including all patients with STEMI who presented at our institution from 2010 to 2013. Clinical, angiographic, laboratory, treatment aspects and 30-day major cardiovascular events (MACEs) were assessed and compared over the years. Results: The mean TIMI risk score, and most baseline clinical and angiographic characteristics of the 1973 patients included remained stable from 2010 to 2013, except for diabetes mellitus (whose frequency increased from 21% to 28%; p < 0.01). Primary PCI was performed in 95% of cases, and the door-to-balloon time decreased from 1.27 to 1.11 hours (p < 0.01). Regarding treatment, there were significant increases in the use of 600 mg boluses of clopidogrel (75% in 2010 vs 93% in 2013; p < 0.001), upstream anticoagulant (50% vs 91%; p < 0.001) and the radial approach in pPCI (9% vs 66%; p < 0.001), and lower use of beta-blockers (72% vs 63%; p < 0.001). MACE decreased from 17.4% to 9.5% (p < 0.05). Independent predictors of MACE were baseline characteristics, the radial approach, and use of beta-blockers and upstream anticoagulant. Conclusions: The baseline characteristics of patients with STEMI remained stable over a four-year period, except for the incidence of diabetes mellitus, which increased significantly. Medical and interventional treatments significantly changed, and short-term adverse cardiovascular outcomes significantly decreased. Predictors of better outcomes were baseline characteristics, use of beta-blockers and upstream anticoagulant, and the radial approach


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Idoso , Estudos Clínicos como Assunto/métodos , Assistência à Saúde/métodos , Prática Clínica Baseada em Evidências/métodos , Infarto do Miocárdio/mortalidade , Infarto do Miocárdio/terapia , Resultado do Tratamento , Análise de Variância , Doenças Cardiovasculares/fisiopatologia , Estudos de Coortes , Heparina/administração & dosagem , Análise Multivariada , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/métodos , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Fatores de Risco
19.
Rev. bras. cardiol. invasiva ; 23(2): 102-107, abr.-jun. 2016. tab, graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: lil-786991

RESUMO

Introdução: Historicamente, pacientes com cirurgia de revascularização do miocárdio (CRM) prévia submetidos à intervenção coronária percutânea (ICP) primária têm pior prognóstico que pacientes semCRM prévia. No entanto, análises mais contemporâneas contestam esses achados. Nosso objetivo foi avaliar os desfechos clínicos de 30 dias em pacientes com e sem CRM prévia submetidos à ICP primária. Métodos: Estudo de coorte prospectivo extraído do banco de dados do Instituto de Cardiologia do RioGrande do Sul, contendo 1.854 pacientes submetidos à ICP primária. Resultados: Pacientes com CRM prévia (3,8%) mostraram perfil clínico, em geral, mais grave. O tempo deinício dos sintomas até a chegada ao hospital foi menor nesse grupo (2,50 horas [1,46-3,66] vs. 3,99 horas[1,99-6,50]; p < 0,001) e o tempo porta-balão foi semelhante (1,33 hora [0,85-2,07] vs. 1,16 hora [0,88-1,58];p = 0,12). O acesso femoral foi mais usado no grupo com CRM prévia (91,5% vs. 62,5%; p < 0,001). O uso de tromboaspiração manual foi menor nesse grupo (16,9% vs. 31,1%; p = 0,007), mas não houve diferença no uso de inibidor da glicoproteína IIb/IIIa (28,2% vs. 32,4%; p = 0,28). O sucesso angiográfico foi menor no grupo com CRM prévia (80,3% vs. 93,3%; p = 0,009). Aos 30 dias, pacientes com CRM prévia apresentaram taxas similares de eventos cardíacos adversos maiores (14,1% vs. 11,2%; p = 0,28), e a mortalidade, embora numericamente mais alta, não foi estatisticamente significativa (13,2% vs. 7,0%; p = 0,07).Conclusões: Nessa análise contemporânea, pacientes com CRM prévia submetidos à ICP primária apresentaram perfil clínico mais grave e menor sucesso angiográfico, porém não mostraram diferenças nos desfechos clínicos em 30 dias.


Background: Historically, patients with prior coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) have a worse prognosis than patients without prior CABG. However, more contemporary analyses have contested these findings. This study’s aim was to evaluate the 30-day clinical outcomes in patients with and without prior CABG submitted to primary PCI. Methods: Prospective cohort study, extracted from the database of Instituto de Cardiologia do Rio Grandedo Sul, containing 1,854 patients undergoing primary PCI. Results: Patients with prior CABG (3.8%) showed, in general, a more severe clinical profile. The time of symptom onset until arrival at the hospital was shorter in this group (2.50 hours [1.46 to 3.66] vs. 3.99 hour [1.99 to 6.50]; p < 0.001), while the door-to-balloon time was similar (1.33 hour [0.85 to 2.07] vs.1.16 hour [0.88 to 1.58]; p = 0.12). Femoral access was more often used in the group with prior CABG(91.5% vs. 62.5%; p < 0.001). Manual thrombus aspiration was less often performed in this group (16.9% vs. 31.1%; p = 0.007), but there was no difference regarding the use of glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitors (28.2% vs. 32.4%, p = 0.28). Angiographic success was lower in the group with prior CABG (80.3% vs. 93.3%; p = 0.009). At 30 days, patients with prior CABG had similar rates of major adverse cardiac events (14.1%vs. 11.2%; p = 0.28), and mortality, although numerically higher, was not statistically significant (13.2%vs. 7.0%, p = 0.07). Conclusions: In this contemporary analysis, patients with prior CABG undergoing primary PCI had amore severe clinical profile and lower angiographic success, but showed no differences regarding 30-day clinical outcomes.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Atenção Terciária à Saúde/métodos , Infarto do Miocárdio/complicações , Infarto do Miocárdio/terapia , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/métodos , Pacientes , Revascularização Miocárdica/mortalidade , Análise de Variância , Angiografia/métodos , Estudos de Coortes , Cirurgia Torácica/métodos , Inibidores da Agregação de Plaquetas/administração & dosagem , Fatores de Risco , Stents
20.
Circ Cardiovasc Interv ; 9(8): e003605-e003605, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | Sec. Est. Saúde SP, SESSP-IDPCPROD, Sec. Est. Saúde SP | ID: ses-34619

RESUMO

Background—Direct transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) is regarded as having potential advantages over TAVRwith balloon aortic valve predilatation (BAVP) in reducing procedural complications, but there are few data to supportthis approach. Methods and Results—Patients included in the Brazilian TAVR registry with CoreValve and Sapien-XT prosthesis were compared according to the implantation technique, with or without BAVP. Clinical and echocardiographic data were analyzed in overall population and after propensity score matching. A total of 761 consecutive patients (BAVP=372;direct-TAVR=389) were included. Direct-TAVR was possible in 99% of patients, whereas device success was similarbetween groups (BAVP=81.2% versus direct-TAVR=78.1%; P=0.3). No differences in clinical outcomes at 30 daysand 1 year were observed, including all-cause mortality (7.6% versus 10%; P=0.25 and 18.1% versus 24.5%; P=0.07,respectively) and stroke (2.8% versus 3.8%; P=0.85 and 5.5% versus 6.8%; P=0.56, respectively). Nonetheless, TAVRwith BAVP was associated with a higher rate of new onset persistent left bundle branch block with the CoreValve (47.7%versus 35.1%; P=0.01 at 1 year). Mean gradient and incidence of moderate/severe aortic regurgitation were similar inboth groups at 1 year (11% versus 13.3%; P=0.57 and 9.8±5.5 versus 8.7±4.3; P=0.09, respectively). After propensityscore matching analysis, all-cause mortality and stroke remained similar. By multivariable analysis, BAVP and the use ofCoreValve were independent predictors of new onset persistent left bundle branch block...(AU)


Assuntos
Estenose da Valva Aórtica , Valvuloplastia com Balão , Pontuação de Propensão
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