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Materials (Basel) ; 15(19)2022 Sep 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36233872


This paper describes the scintillation features and the radiation damage in polyethylene naphthalate 100 µm-thick scintillators irradiated with an 11 MeV proton beam and with a 1 MeV electron beam at doses up to 15 and 85 Mrad, respectively. The scintillator emission spectrum, optical transmission, light yield loss, and scintillation pulse decay times were investigated before and after the irradiation. A deep blue emission spectrum peaked at 422 nm, and fast and slow scintillation decay time constants of the order of 1-2 ns and 25-30 nm, respectively, were measured. After irradiation, transmittance showed a loss of transparency for wavelengths between 380 and 420 nm, and a light yield reduction of ~40% was measured at the maximum dose of 85 Mrad.

Materials (Basel) ; 14(16)2021 Aug 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34443201


Nanostructured films of carbon and TiO2 nanoparticles have been produced by means of a simple two-step procedure based on flame synthesis and thermophoretic deposition. At first, a granular carbon film is produced on silicon substrates by the self-assembling of thermophoretically sampled carbon nanoparticles (CNPs) with diameters of the order of 15 nm. Then, the composite film is obtained by the subsequent thermophoretic deposition of smaller TiO2 nanoparticles (diameters of the order of 2.5 nm), which deposit on the surface and intercalate between the carbon grains by diffusion within the pores. A bipolar resistive switching behavior is observed in the composite film of CNP-TiO2. A pinched hysteresis loop is measured with SET and RESET between low resistance and high resistance states occurring for the electric field of 1.35 × 104 V/cm and 1.5 × 104 V/cm, respectively. CNP-TiO2 film produced by flame synthesis is initially in the low resistive state and it does not require an electroforming step. The resistance switching phenomenon is attributed to the formation/rupture of conductive filaments through space charge mechanism in the TiO2 nanoparticles, which facilitate/hinder the electrical conduction between carbon grains. Our findings demonstrate that films made of flame-formed CNP-TiO2 nanoparticles are promising candidates for resistive switching components.

Sci Rep ; 7(1): 4115, 2017 06 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28646157


We study the current-voltage characteristics of Fe(Se,Te) thin films deposited on CaF2 substrates in form of nanostrips (width w ~ λ, λ the London penetration length). In view of a possible application of these materials to superconductive electronics and micro-electronics we focus on transport properties in small magnetic field, the one generated by the bias current. From the characteristics taken at different temperatures we derive estimates for the pinning potential U and the pinning potential range δ for the magnetic flux lines (vortices). Since the sample lines are very narrow, the classical creep flow model provides a sufficiently accurate interpretation of the data only when the attractive interaction between magnetic flux lines of opposite sign is taken into account. The observed voltages and the induced depression of the critical current of the nanostrips are compatible with the presence of a low number ([Formula: see text]) magnetic field lines at the equilibrium, a strongly inhomogeneous current density distribution at the two ends of the strips and a reduced Bean Livingston barrier. In particular, we argue that the sharp corners defining the bridge geometry represent points of easy magnetic flux lines injection. The results are relevant for creep flow analysis in superconducting Fe(Se,Te) nanostrips.