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1.
Nutr J ; 18(1): 40, 2019 07 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31325970

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Meeting nutrient intake recommendations may demand substantial modifications in dietary patterns, and may increase diet cost. Incentives for modifying one's dietary intake that disregard prices are unlikely to be effective in the general population, especially among low-income strata, due to the high percentage of income committed to food purchases. The aim of this study is to evaluate how much the nutrient content can be increased through a modeled diet, without any cost increase, for low-income Brazilian households. METHODS: Low-income households were selected from the Household Budget Survey (24,688 households) and National Dietary Survey (6,032 households, 16,962 individuals), from where we obtained food prices and consumption data. Food quantities were modeled using linear programming to find diets that meet nutritional recommendations in two sets of models: cost-constrained (the cost should not be higher than the observed diet cost) and cost-free. Minimum and maximum amounts of each food in the modelled diets were allowed at three levels of food acceptability: rigorous (least deviance from the current observed diets), moderate, and flexible (higher deviance from the current observed diets). RESULTS: We found no feasible solution that would accommodate all the nutritional targets. The most frequent limiting nutrients were calcium; vitamins D, E, and A; zinc; fiber; sodium; and saturated and trans-fats. However, increases in nutrient contents were observed, especially for fiber, calcium, copper, magnesium, vitamin A, vitamin C, and vitamin E. In general, the best achievement was obtained with cost-free models. Fruits and beans increased in all models; large increase in whole cereals was observed only in the flexible models; large increase in vegetables was observed only in the cost-free models; and fish increased only in the cost-free models. Reductions were observed for rice, red and processed meats, sugar-sweetened beverages, and sweets. The mean observed cost was US$2.16 per person/day. The mean cost in the cost-free models was US$2.90 (moderate), US$2.70 (rigorous), and US$2.60 (flexible). CONCLUSION: The complete nutritional adequacy is unattainable, although feasible changes would substantially improve diet quality by improving nutrient content without additional costs.

2.
Rev. Nutr. (Online) ; 31(6): 567-575, Nov.-Dec. 2018. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-1041287

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Objective To evaluate the internal validity and reliability of an index developed to assess the nutritional quality of meals. Methods The Main Meal Quality Index is composed of ten components. The final scores range from 0-100 points. The index performance was measured using strategies for assessing content validity, construct validity, discriminant validity and reliability. The analyses were performed using the Stata statistical software at a 5% significance level. Results The index was positively associated with carbohydrates, vegetable proteins, fibers, vitamins, folate and potassium and negatively associated with energy, total fat, saturated fat, animal protein, cholesterol, phosphorus, sodium, added sugar, and cholesterol biomarker. Significant differences were found between the two groups with marked disparities in dietary quality, smokers (50.2 points) and non-smokers (53.5 points). Conclusion The index might be a useful tool for assessing the nutritional quality of meals and for monitoring and comparing groups.


RESUMO Objetivo Avaliar a validade interna e a confiabilidade do índice de qualidade das principais refeições. Métodos O indicador, Índice de Qualidade de Refeição, inclui dez componentes, com pontuação final que varia de 0 a 100 pontos. Estratégias de avaliação do desempenho do indicador incluíram: avaliação da validade de conteúdo, validade de construto, validade discriminante e confiabilidade. As análises foram realizadas no software estatístico Stata e adotou-se um nível de significância de 5%. Resultados O indicador associou-se positivamente com os nutrientes carboidrato, proteína vegetal, fibras, vitaminas, folato e potássio e negativamente à energia, gordura total, gordura saturada, proteína animal, colesterol, fósforo, sódio, açúcar adicionado e biomarcador de colesterol. Diferenças significativas foram encontradas entre dois grupos com disparidades acentuadas na qualidade da dieta, fumantes (50,2 pontos) e não fumantes (53,5 pontos). Conclusão O indicador pode ser uma ferramenta útil para avaliar a qualidade nutricional das refeições e ser empregado para monitorar e comparar grupos.

3.
Int J Equity Health ; 17(1): 72, 2018 Jun 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29879999

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Recent studies have explored the influence of socioeconomic inequalities on the diet quality. However, there is lack of evidence regarding the level of inequalities in dietary quality and its main contributing factors from population-based follow-up studies. The primary objective of this study was to investigate the level and the determinants of inequalities in diet quality in a representative sample of adolescents, adults and older adults resident in São Paulo, Brazil. METHODS: Data from the Health Survey of São Paulo (ISA-Capital) were analyzed for 2003 (n = 2398), 2008 (n = 1662) and 2015 (n = 1742) surveys. Information on food consumption was obtained through 24-h dietary recall, and diet quality was assessed based on the Revised Brazilian Healthy Eating Index (BHEI-R). The descriptive variables were compared using 95% confidence interval. The scores of BHEI-R and its components were compared across age groups and year. The association between socioeconomic inequalities and diet quality was based on the estimation of concentration index. RESULTS: We observed that the BHEI-R scores gradually improved over 12-years, with older adults showing the greatest improvement. The increase in overall population score was observed for total fruits, whole fruits, whole grains, oils and sodium. The main contributor to socioeconomic inequality in diet quality in 2003 was ethnic group, and in 2008 and 2015, it was per capita household income; age was a persistent factor of inequality in the population over the years. Concentration indices indicated that lower income individuals had higher BHEI-R scores in 2003; however, there was a shift in favor of higher income individuals in 2008 and 2015. CONCLUSIONS: Changes in the patterns of determination of inequalities according to age, ethnic group or income during the period analyzed show the existence of ongoing process of contribution of demographic and socioeconomic factors in the diet quality of individuals in a large urban center.


Assuntos
Dieta/normas , Grupos Étnicos , Renda , Pobreza , Adolescente , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Brasil , Criança , Cidades , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Alimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Inquéritos e Questionários , População Urbana , Adulto Jovem
4.
Interface (Botucatu, Online) ; 22(65): 589-602, abr.-jun. 2018. ilus, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-893485

RESUMO

The effects of marketing strategies for promotion of foods and beverages have been investigated due to its potential impacts on populations' food choices, particularly among children and adolescents. The paper presents an academic literature review on regulation and self-regulation of food and beverage advertisements in Brazil, based on search performed in electronic databases. Majority of studies were based on law analysis or qualitative study of advertisements. There are sufficient evidences on the need for government regulation of advertisements addressed to children and adolescents complementarily to institutional self-regulation in order to tackle ethical transgressions on food and beverage advertisements identified in Brazil. Additionally, there should be imposition of rigorous penalties for noncompliance to ethical rules and proposition of incentives towards actions encouraging healthy food consumption patterns, in order to comprise an actual system for promotion of public health.


Os efeitos de estratégias de marketing para promoção de alimentos e bebidas têm sido investigados devido aos potenciais impactos sobre escolhas alimentares populacionais, particularmente entre crianças e adolescentes. O artigo apresenta revisão de literatura acadêmica sobre regulação e autorregulação de propagandas de alimentos e bebidas no Brasil, baseada em busca realizada em bases de dados eletrônicas. A maioria dos estudos identificados referia-se a análise de legislação ou estudo qualitativo das propagandas. Há evidências de necessidade de regulação das propagandas direcionadas a crianças e adolescentes em complementação ao sistema de autorregulação institucional para combate às transgressões éticas identificadas em propagandas de alimentos e bebidas no Brasil. Adicionalmente, há necessidade de aplicação de penalidades severas para transgressões éticas, assim como incentivos às ações de apoio à alimentação saudável para compor um sistema efetivo de promoção da saúde pública.


Los efectos de estrategias de marketing para promoción de alimentos y bebidas se han investigado debido a los potenciales impactos sobre elecciones alimenticias poblacionales, particularmente entre niños y adolescentes. El artículo presenta una revisión de la literatura académica sobre regulación y auto-regulación de propagandas de alimentos y bebidas en Brasil, con base en una búsqueda realizada en bases de datos electrónicas. La mayoría de los estudios identificados se refería al análisis de la legislación o estudio cualitativo de las propagandas. Hay evidencias de la necesidad de regulación de las propagandas dirigidas a niños y adolescentes en complementación al sistema de auto-regulación institucional para el combate a las transgresiones éticas identificadas en propaganda de alimentos y bebidas en Brasil. Adicionalmente, hay la necesidad de aplicación de penalidades severas para transgresiones éticas, así como incentivos a las acciones de apoyo a la alimentación saludable para componer un sistema efectivo de promoción de la salud pública.


Assuntos
Humanos , Criança , Adolescente , Publicidade Direta ao Consumidor/legislação & jurisprudência , Promoção de Alimentos/legislação & jurisprudência , Regulação e Fiscalização em Saúde , Bebidas
5.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 63(11): 962-970, Nov. 2017. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-896306

RESUMO

Summary Objective: The authors performed an economic assessment of opioids currently being used for control of postoperative pain relating to the surgical treatment of cancer (fentanyl and sufentanil) within the Brazilian Unified Health System (SUS, in the Portuguese acronym). Method: The assessment was based on the perspective of the government, in order to collaborate with the promotion of effectiveness in public policies of health, and to optimize the allocation of public resources into health. A cost-effectiveness analysis was performed using data collected from the Brazilian Unified Health System and information from literature review, in order to build a decision tree on the alternatives for control of postoperative pain related to cancer treatment among adult patients. The outcomes considered were: effectiveness of postoperative analgesia and occurrence of nausea and vomit in the 48 hour period after surgery, and additional 24-hour cycles in patient follow-up. A univariate sensitivity analysis was conducted in order to verify robustness of the model estimated. Results: Literature review showed a limited number of studies directly comparing fentanyl and sufentanil for control of postoperative pain. The adoption of sufentanil (cost = U$ 25.72 / outcome = 1.6 VAS points) was dominant in relation to the use of fentanyl (cost = U$ 32.58 / outcome = 2.6 VAS points). The estimated model showed robustness in relation to changes in the parameters analyzed. Conclusion: Sufentanil presented higher cost-effectiveness ratio in relation to fentanyl for control of postoperative pain in surgeries related to cancer treatment among adult patients in the Brazilian Unified Health System.


Resumo Objetivo: O artigo apresenta uma avaliação econômica de opioides atualmente utilizados no controle de dor pós-operatória relacionada ao tratamento cirúrgico do câncer (fentanil e sufentanil) no contexto do Sistema Único de Saúde. Método: A avaliação baseou-se na perspectiva do governo, de forma a colaborar na promoção da efetividade das políticas públicas de saúde e melhorar a alocação de recursos públicos em saúde. Uma análise custo-efetividade foi realizada a partir de dados coletados no Sistema Único de Saúde e de informações provenientes de revisão da literatura para construção de uma árvore de decisão contendo alternativas para controle de dor pós-operatória relacionada ao tratamento cirúrgico do câncer entre pacientes adultos. Os desfechos considerados foram: efetividade da analgesia pós-operatória e ocorrência de náusea e vômito no período de 48 horas após cirurgia e em ciclos adicionais de 24 horas de seguimento do paciente. Uma análise de sensibilidade univariada foi conduzida para verificar a robustez do modelo estimado. Resultados: Na revisão de literatura, um número limitado de estudos efetuou comparação direta entre fentanil e sufentanil no controle de dor pós-operatória. A adoção de sufentanil (custo = U$ 25,72 / desfecho = 1,6 pontos VAS) foi dominante em relação ao uso do fentanil (custo = U$ 32,58 / desfecho = 2,6 pontos VAS). O modelo estimado demonstrou robustez em relação a mudanças nos parâmetros analisados. Conclusão: O sufentanil apresentou razão custo-efetividade superior em relação ao fentanil no controle de dor pós-operatória em cirurgias relacionadas ao tratamento de câncer entre pacientes adultos no Sistema Único de Saúde.

6.
Säo Paulo med. j ; 135(3): 205-212, May-June 2017. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-904084

RESUMO

ABSTRACT CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE: One of the big challenges facing governments worldwide is the financing of healthcare systems. Thus, it is necessary to understand the factors and key components associated with healthcare expenditure. The aim here was to identify demographic, socioeconomic, lifestyle and clinical factors associated with direct healthcare expenditure within primary care, among adults attended through the Brazilian National Health System in the city of Bauru. DESIGN AND SETTING: Cross-sectional study conducted in five primary care units in Bauru (SP), Brazil. METHODS: Healthcare expenditure over the last 12 months was assessed through medical records of adults aged 50 years or more. Annual healthcare expenditure was assessed in terms of medication, laboratory tests, medical consultations and the total. Body mass index, waist circumference, hypertension, age, sex, physical activity and smoking were assessed through face-to-face interviews. RESULTS: The total healthcare expenditure for 963 participants of this survey was US$ 112,849.74 (46.9% consultations, 35.2% medication and 17.9% laboratory tests). Expenditure on medication was associated with overweight (odds ratio, OR = 1.80; 95% confidence interval, CI: 1.07-3.01), hypertension (OR = 3.04; 95% CI: 1.91-4.82) and moderate physical activity (OR = 0.56; 95% CI: 0.38-0.81). Expenditure on consultations was associated with hypertension (OR = 1.67; 95% CI: 1.12-2.47) and female sex (OR = 1.70; 95% CI: 1.14-2.55). CONCLUSIONS: Our results showed that overweight, lower levels of physical activity and hypertension were independent risk factors associated with higher healthcare expenditure within primary care.


RESUMO CONTEXTO E OBJETIVO: Um dos grandes desafios dos governos em todo o mundo é o financiamento de sistemas de saúde e, por isso, é necessário compreender fatores e componentes-chave associados a despesas em saúde. O objetivo foi identificar fatores demográficos, socioeconômicos, de estilo de vida e clínicos associados aos gastos diretos com saúde na atenção primária entre adultos do Sistema Único de Saúde da cidade de Bauru. TIPO DE ESTUDO E LOCAL: Estudo transversal realizado em cinco Unidades Básicas de Saúde em Bauru (SP), Brasil. MÉTODO: Gastos com saúde nos últimos 12 meses foram avaliados através de prontuários médicos de adultos de 50 anos ou mais. Gastos anuais com saúde foram avaliados com: medicamentos, exames laboratoriais, consultas médicas e total. Índice de massa corporal, circunferência da cintura, hipertensão, idade, sexo, atividade física e tabagismo foram avaliados por meio de entrevista face a face. RESULTADOS: O gasto total com serviços de saúde para os 963 participantes deste inquérito foi de US$ 112.849.74 (46,9% consultas, 35,2% medicamentos e 17,9% exames). Gastos com medicamentos foram associados com sobrepeso (odds ratio, OR = 1,80 [intervalo de confiança, IC 95%: 1,07-3,01]), hipertensão (OR = 3,04 [IC 95%: 1,91-4,82]) e atividade física moderada (OR = 0,56 [95% IC: 0,38-0,81]). Gastos com consultas foram associados com hipertensão (OR = 1,67 [IC 95%: 1,12-2,47]) e sexo feminino (OR = 1,70 [IC 95%: 1,14-2,55]). CONCLUSÃO: Nossos resultados mostraram que sobrepeso, menor nível de atividade física e hipertensão são fatores de risco independentes associados com maiores gastos com saúde na atenção primária.

7.
Appetite ; 116: 381-388, 2017 09 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28526478

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the influence of convenience and price of ultra-processed foods and beverages on purchases at supermarkets. METHODS: The study used data on food and beverage acquisition for household consumption from the Brazilian Household Budget Survey, performed in a random sample of 55,970 households between 2008 and 2009. Foods and beverages were categorized into four groups, according to characteristics of food processing. Retail stores were grouped into supermarkets and other food stores. Proportion of calories from foods and beverages purchased at supermarkets and other food stores, and respective mean prices (R$/1000 kcal), were calculated according to households' geographical and socioeconomic characteristics. Effect of convenience in household purchases at retail stores was expressed by the acquisition of several food items at the same store. The influence of convenience and prices of ultra-processed products on purchases at supermarkets was analyzed using log-log regression model with estimation of elasticity coefficients. RESULTS: The mean prices of foods and beverages purchased at supermarkets were 37% lower in comparison to other food stores. The share of ultra-processed foods and beverages in purchases made at supermarkets was 25% higher than at other food stores. An increase of 1% in prices of ultra-processed food items led to a 0.59% reduction in calorie acquisition at supermarkets (R2 = 0.75; p < 0.001). On the other hand, an increase of 1% in the number of food items purchased at supermarkets resulted in 1.83% increase in calorie acquisition of ultra-processed foods and beverages (p < 0.001). CONCLUSION: Convenience and lower relative prices of food items purchased at supermarkets, in comparison to other food stores, are relevant to explain higher share of purchases of ultra-processed foods and beverages at supermarkets.


Assuntos
Bebidas/economia , Comércio , Fast Foods/economia , Idoso , Brasil , Pré-Escolar , Comportamento do Consumidor , Características da Família , Feminino , Manipulação de Alimentos , Humanos , Modelos Teóricos , Valor Nutritivo , População Rural , Fatores Socioeconômicos , População Urbana
8.
Sao Paulo Med J ; 135(3): 205-212, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28380203

RESUMO

CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE:: One of the big challenges facing governments worldwide is the financing of healthcare systems. Thus, it is necessary to understand the factors and key components associated with healthcare expenditure. The aim here was to identify demographic, socioeconomic, lifestyle and clinical factors associated with direct healthcare expenditure within primary care, among adults attended through the Brazilian National Health System in the city of Bauru. DESIGN AND SETTING:: Cross-sectional study conducted in five primary care units in Bauru (SP), Brazil. METHODS:: Healthcare expenditure over the last 12 months was assessed through medical records of adults aged 50 years or more. Annual healthcare expenditure was assessed in terms of medication, laboratory tests, medical consultations and the total. Body mass index, waist circumference, hypertension, age, sex, physical activity and smoking were assessed through face-to-face interviews. RESULTS:: The total healthcare expenditure for 963 participants of this survey was US$ 112,849.74 (46.9% consultations, 35.2% medication and 17.9% laboratory tests). Expenditure on medication was associated with overweight (odds ratio, OR = 1.80; 95% confidence interval, CI: 1.07-3.01), hypertension (OR = 3.04; 95% CI: 1.91-4.82) and moderate physical activity (OR = 0.56; 95% CI: 0.38-0.81). Expenditure on consultations was associated with hypertension (OR = 1.67; 95% CI: 1.12-2.47) and female sex (OR = 1.70; 95% CI: 1.14-2.55). CONCLUSIONS:: Our results showed that overweight, lower levels of physical activity and hypertension were independent risk factors associated with higher healthcare expenditure within primary care.


Assuntos
Assistência Ambulatorial/economia , Gastos em Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Programas Nacionais de Saúde/economia , Atenção Primária à Saúde/economia , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Antropometria , Brasil , Estudos Transversais , Exercício , Feminino , Humanos , Hipertensão/economia , Estilo de Vida , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Registros Médicos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Sobrepeso/economia , Fatores de Risco , Fatores Sexuais , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Fatores de Tempo
9.
J Occup Environ Med ; 59(3): 313-319, 2017 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28267102

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate the associations between costs related to productivity losses and its risk factors among users of the Brazilian National Health System. METHODS: The public cost associated with productivity losses of 342 adults has been estimated, taking into account a period of 18 months. Costs related to productivity loss were estimate using data provided by the Brazilian National Health System (disability retirements) and absenteeism. Modifiable risk factors and unhealthy behaviors were assessed through interviews (physical inactivity, alcohol consumption, and smoking) and clinical assessments (obesity). RESULTS: Smoking and physical inactivity affected significantly the amount of money lost with productivity losses related to absenteeism. The presence of obesity generated higher expenditures with disability retirement, while low back pain and sleep disorder were the most relevant confounders in multivariate models for disability retirement and absenteeism. CONCLUSIONS: Among users of the Brazilian National Health System, obesity, smoking, and physical inactivity seem to have a significant effect on productivity losses associated with health problems. Moreover, low back pain and sleep quality seem variables few explored but with potential to affect health care costs.


Assuntos
Absenteísmo , Pessoas com Deficiência/estatística & dados numéricos , Eficiência , Comportamentos Relacionados com a Saúde , Aposentadoria/economia , Idoso , Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas/economia , Brasil , Efeitos Psicossociais da Doença , Assistência à Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Humanos , Dor Lombar/economia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Obesidade/economia , Aposentadoria/estatística & dados numéricos , Fatores de Risco , Comportamento Sedentário , Transtornos do Sono-Vigília/economia , Fumar/economia , Inquéritos e Questionários
10.
Appetite ; 111: 151-157, 2017 04 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28057479

RESUMO

Consumption of fast food and ready-to-eat meals has been positively associated with obesity. In the UK, ready-made meals are more often consumed than in Brazil, a country in which nutrition transition is relatively low. This study aimed to compare the nutritional quality of the main meal consumed by adults in Brazil and UK. Food record data was obtained from representative samples from UK and Brazil databases. The Main Meal Quality Index (MMQI) was applied to estimate the quality of the main meal consumed in Brazil and UK. Differences in food groups consumed in the main meal in Brazil and UK were observed using classification decision tree. Meals with higher average energy content were lunch for Brazil, and dinner for the UK. On average, the Brazilian main meal had better nutritional quality (4.42 times higher), independently of sex, age, family income, nutritional status and energy consumed, with higher scores of fiber, carbohydrate, total fat, saturated fat and energy density. However, UK's main meal included more fruits and vegetables. Food preparations combined with rice and beans were classified as Brazilian main meal, while combinations with fast food items, as fried potatoes, sandwiches and sugary beverages, were classified as UK main meals. In Brazil, the main meal quality was lower among women and obese individuals, presenting significant positive association with age, and negative association with energy intake and family income; while in UK, only age was positively associated with MMQI. Although main meals in Brazil had higher nutritional quality compared to the UK, main meals consumed in both countries need nutritional improvement.


Assuntos
Comparação Transcultural , Ingestão de Alimentos/etnologia , Comportamento Alimentar/etnologia , Qualidade dos Alimentos , Refeições/etnologia , Adulto , Brasil , Dieta/etnologia , Fast Foods/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Reino Unido
11.
Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992) ; 63(11): 962-970, 2017 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29451660

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The authors performed an economic assessment of opioids currently being used for control of postoperative pain relating to the surgical treatment of cancer (fentanyl and sufentanil) within the Brazilian Unified Health System (SUS, in the Portuguese acronym). METHOD: The assessment was based on the perspective of the government, in order to collaborate with the promotion of effectiveness in public policies of health, and to optimize the allocation of public resources into health. A cost-effectiveness analysis was performed using data collected from the Brazilian Unified Health System and information from literature review, in order to build a decision tree on the alternatives for control of postoperative pain related to cancer treatment among adult patients. The outcomes considered were: effectiveness of postoperative analgesia and occurrence of nausea and vomit in the 48 hour period after surgery, and additional 24-hour cycles in patient follow-up. A univariate sensitivity analysis was conducted in order to verify robustness of the model estimated. RESULTS: Literature review showed a limited number of studies directly comparing fentanyl and sufentanil for control of postoperative pain. The adoption of sufentanil (cost = U$ 25.72 / outcome = 1.6 VAS points) was dominant in relation to the use of fentanyl (cost = U$ 32.58 / outcome = 2.6 VAS points). The estimated model showed robustness in relation to changes in the parameters analyzed. CONCLUSION: Sufentanil presented higher cost-effectiveness ratio in relation to fentanyl for control of postoperative pain in surgeries related to cancer treatment among adult patients in the Brazilian Unified Health System.


Assuntos
Analgésicos Opioides/economia , Fentanila/economia , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Dor Pós-Operatória/economia , Sufentanil/economia , Adulto , Analgésicos Opioides/uso terapêutico , Brasil , Análise Custo-Benefício , Fentanila/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Programas Nacionais de Saúde , Medição da Dor , Dor Pós-Operatória/tratamento farmacológico , Sufentanil/uso terapêutico
12.
Cad Saude Publica ; 32(9): e00067516, 2016 Oct 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27759793

RESUMO

Budget Impact Analyses require a set of essential information on health technology innovation, including expected rates of adoption. There is an absence of studies investigating trends, magnitude of budgetary effects and determinants of diffusion rates for health technology innovations worldwide during the last decades. The present study proposes a pilot assessment on main determinants influencing diffusion rates of pharmaceutical innovations within the Brazilian Unified National Health System (SUS). Data from the Brazilian Health Informatics Department (DATASUS) was gathered to establish the main determinants of diffusion rates of health technology innovations in Brazil, specifically referring to pharmaceutical innovations incorporated in the Brazilian Program for Specialized Pharmaceutical Services (CEAF) at SUS. Information was retrieved on DATASUS relating to patients who had used one of the medicines incorporated into CEAF at least three years prior to the beginning of the study (2015) for treatment of each health condition available. Thus, data from patients adopting 10 different medicines were analyzed in the study. Results from the zero-one inflated beta model showed a higher influence on diffusion rates of pharmaceutical innovations due to: number of pharmaceutical competitors for treatment of the same disease available at CEAF (negative); medicine used in combination with other medication (positive); and innovative medicine within the SUS (positive). Further research on diffusion rates of health technology innovations is required, including wider scope of diseases and medications, potential confusion factors and other variables that may influence rates of adoption in different health systems.


Assuntos
Tecnologia Biomédica/métodos , Difusão de Inovações , Programas Nacionais de Saúde , Assistência Farmacêutica , Brasil , Humanos , Projetos Piloto
14.
In. Keinert, Tania Margarete Mezzomo; Sarti, Flávia Mori; Cortizo, Carlos Tato; Bastos de Paula, Silvia Helena. Proteção à privacidade e acesso às informações em saúde: tecnologias, direitos e ética. São Paulo, Instituto de Saúde, 2015. p.21-25. (Temas em saúde coletiva, 18).
Monografia em Português | Sec. Est. Saúde SP, SESSP-ISPROD, Sec. Est. Saúde SP, SESSP-ISACERVO | ID: ses-32159

RESUMO

O contexto atual de célere desenvolvimento tecnológico tras a necessidade de aprofundamento do debate sobre proteção à privacidade e acesso às informações em sáude, considerando múltiplos aspectos que tangenciam difusão de tecnologias e garantias de direitos com uma abordagem ética na interface entre áreas de conhecimento aparentemente distantes entre si...(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Privacidade , Confidencialidade , Direitos do Paciente , Ética , Tecnologia da Informação/legislação & jurisprudência
15.
Cad Saude Publica ; 31(8): 1756-64, 2015 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26375653

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to perform a budget impact analysis on the adoption of percutaneous occlusion of ostium secundum atrial septal defects in the Brazilian Unified National Health System. Costs were collected using micro-costing technique from medical records for each treatment technique (conventional surgery versus percutaneous septal occluder) at a public federal hospital specialized in high-complexity cardiology. The analysis showed that expenditures associated with percutaneous occlusion were lower than with conventional surgery, and sensitivity analysis confirmed the cost reduction in several scenarios, showing a significant budget impact with a 30% adoption rate for the percutaneous occluder (savings of approximately 1.5 million dollars per year). The study indicates that the adoption of the percutaneous septal occluder would mean cost savings of approximately 3.5 million dollars for the Brazilian public health system.


Assuntos
Orçamentos , Comunicação Interatrial/cirurgia , Próteses e Implantes/economia , Dispositivo para Oclusão Septal/economia , Brasil , Cateterismo Cardíaco/economia , Comunicação Interatrial/economia , Humanos , Programas Nacionais de Saúde , Resultado do Tratamento
16.
Cad. saúde pública ; 31(8): 1756-1764, Aug. 2015. tab, ilus
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-759488

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to perform a budget impact analysis on the adoption of percutaneous occlusion of ostium secundum atrial septal defects in the Brazilian Unified National Health System. Costs were collected using micro-costing technique from medical records for each treatment technique (conventional surgery versus percutaneous septal occluder) at a public federal hospital specialized in high-complexity cardiology. The analysis showed that expenditures associated with percutaneous occlusion were lower than with conventional surgery, and sensitivity analysis confirmed the cost reduction in several scenarios, showing a significant budget impact with a 30% adoption rate for the percutaneous occluder (savings of approximately 1.5 million dollars per year). The study indicates that the adoption of the percutaneous septal occluder would mean cost savings of approximately 3.5 million dollars for the Brazilian public health system.


O objetivo foi analisar o impacto orçamentário da incorporação do oclusor septal percutâneo para o tratamento de defeitos do septo atrial do tipo ostium secundum, sob a perspectiva do Sistema Único de Saúde brasileiro. Os custos foram coletados por microcusteio com base nos registros das intervenções terapêuticas (cirurgia convencional ou implante percutâneo de oclusor septal) realizadas em um hospital público federal especializado em cardiologia de alta complexidade. A análise identificou que os custos associados ao procedimento percutâneo de oclusor septal foram inferiores aos relacionados com a cirurgia convencional, a análise de sensibilidade confirmou a redução dos custos em diversos cenários e mostrou que o impacto no orçamento foi significativo a partir de uma taxa de incorporação de 30% do oclusor septal percutâneo pelo sistema de saúde (redução dos gastos em torno de 1,5 milhão de dólares por ano). O estudo indica que a adoção do implante percutâneo do oclusor septal pode representar uma economia de aproximadamente 3,5 milhões de dólares para o sistema de saúde brasileiro.


El estudio consistió en analizar el impacto presupuestario de la implementación del oclusor septal percutáneo para el tratamiento de defectos del tabique auricular del ostium secundum, desde la perspectiva del Sistema Único de Salud. Los costes incluidos en el modelo por la técnica de micro-coste se obtuvieron de los registros de las intervenciones terapéuticas (cirurgía convencional u oclusor septal percutáneo) en un hospital público federal, especializado en cardiología de alta complejidad. El análisis reveló que los costos asociados con el oclusor septal percutáneo fueron más bajos que los asociados con la cirugía convencional, un análisis de sensibilidad confirmó la reducción de costos en diferentes escenarios y mostró que el impacto fue significativo desde una tasa del 30% de incorporación del oclusor septal percutáneo por el sistema de salud (reducción en el gasto de alrededor de 1.5 millones de dolares por año). El estudio indica que la adopción del implante percutáneo del oclusor septal puede representar un ahorro de aproximadamente 3,5 millones de dólares anuales al sistema de salud brasileño.


Assuntos
Humanos , Orçamentos , Comunicação Interatrial/cirurgia , Próteses e Implantes/economia , Dispositivo para Oclusão Septal/economia , Brasil , Cateterismo Cardíaco/economia , Comunicação Interatrial/economia , Programas Nacionais de Saúde , Resultado do Tratamento
17.
Cad Saude Publica ; 31(5): 1071-83, 2015 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26083181

RESUMO

There is little evidence in Brazil on the impact of child labor on health status in adulthood. This study aimed to investigate trends in child labor in Brazil and estimate the long-term effects of child labor on the health of Brazilian adults, using nationally representative databases (Brazilian National Household Sample Survey) from three different years (1998, 2003, and 2008). The models were based on a two-stage linear equation and Generalized Method of Moments (GMM). The results suggest that child labor has declined in Brazil, although the data still show patterns of early entry into the country's labor market. Regardless of the type of work, child labor adversely affected health outcomes in adulthood, both directly (impacts on health outcomes) and indirectly (losses in educational attainment). Child labor places a long-term burden on Brazilians, jeopardizing the formation of human capital through negative impacts on health outcomes in adulthood.


Assuntos
Emprego/estatística & dados numéricos , Emprego/tendências , Nível de Saúde , Adolescente , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Brasil , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Adulto Jovem
18.
Cad. saúde pública ; 31(5): 1071-1083, 05/2015. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-749076

RESUMO

There is little evidence in Brazil on the impact of child labor on health status in adulthood. This study aimed to investigate trends in child labor in Brazil and estimate the long-term effects of child labor on the health of Brazilian adults, using nationally representative databases (Brazilian National Household Sample Survey) from three different years (1998, 2003, and 2008). The models were based on a two-stage linear equation and Generalized Method of Moments (GMM). The results suggest that child labor has declined in Brazil, although the data still show patterns of early entry into the country’s labor market. Regardless of the type of work, child labor adversely affected health outcomes in adulthood, both directly (impacts on health outcomes) and indirectly (losses in educational attainment). Child labor places a long-term burden on Brazilians, jeopardizing the formation of human capital through negative impacts on health outcomes in adulthood.


Há escassez de evidências quanto ao impacto do trabalho infantil na saúde do adulto no Brasil. O objetivo do presente artigo é analisar a evolução do trabalho infantil no Brasil e estimar seus efeitos de longo prazo no estado de saúde dos brasileiros em idade adulta, utilizando bases de dados representativas da população nacional (Pesquisa Nacional por Amostra de Domicílios) em três períodos (1998, 2003 e 2008). Os modelos estimados foram baseados em equações lineares em dois estágios e método dos momentos generalizado (GMM). Os resultados obtidos indicam declínio da prevalência de trabalho infantil no Brasil, embora os dados analisados ainda apresentem padrões de ingresso precoce no mercado de trabalho brasileiro. O trabalho infantil, independentemente da atividade, teve influência negativa em indicadores de saúde de adultos, direta (impacto em saúde) e indiretamente (perda de anos de estudos). Assim, o trabalho infantil impõe um prejuízo em longo prazo à população no Brasil, influenciando adversamente a formação de capital humano via impactos negativos em saúde na fase adulta.


Hay escasez de evidencias en cuanto al impacto del trabajo infantil en la salud del adulto en Brasil. El objetivo del artículo es investigar la evolución del trabajo infantil en Brasil y estimar sus efectos de largo plazo en el estado de salud de los brasileños en edad adulta, utilizando bases de datos representativas de la población nacional (Encuesta Nacional por Muestra de Domicilios) en tres períodos (1998, 2003 y 2008). Los modelos estimados se basaron en ecuaciones lineales en dos etapas y método de los momentos generalizado (GMM). Los resultados obtenidos indican una reducción de la prevalencia del trabajo infantil en Brasil, aunque los datos analizados aún presenten padrones de ingreso prematuro en el mercado de trabajo brasileño. El trabajo infantil, independientemente de la actividad, presentó efecto negativo en la salud adulta, directa (impacto en salud) y indirectamente (pérdida de años de estudio). Así, impone un prejuicio a largo plazo a la población brasileña, influyendo adversamente en la formación de capital humano por los impactos negativos de salud en la edad adulta.


Assuntos
Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Adulto Jovem , Emprego/estatística & dados numéricos , Emprego/tendências , Nível de Saúde , Fatores Etários , Brasil , Fatores Socioeconômicos
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