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1.
Eur J Cancer ; 155: 56-63, 2021 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34358777

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pre-clinical data suggest that docetaxel and enzalutamide interfere with androgen receptor translocation and signalling. The aim of this study is to assess the efficacy of their concurrent administration in the first-line treatment for metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC). METHODS: In this open-label, randomised, phase II trial, previously untreated mCRPC patients were randomised 1:1 to receive eight 21-d courses of docetaxel 75 mg/m2, oral prednisone 5 mg twice daily and oral enzalutamide 160 mg/d (arm DE), or the same treatment without enzalutamide (arm D). The primary end-point was the percentage of patients without investigator-assessed disease progression 6 months after the first docetaxel administration. RESULTS: The 246 eligible patients were randomly assigned to receive docetaxel, prednisone and enzalutamide (n = 120) or docetaxel and prednisone (n = 126). The 6-month progression rate was 12.5% (95% confidence interval [CI] 8.1-20.6) in arm DE and 27.8% (95% CI 22.8-39.4) in arm D (chi-squared test 10.01; P = 0.002). The most frequent grade III-IV adverse events were fatigue (12.5% in arm DE versus 5.6% in arm D), febrile neutropenia (9.3% versus 4.0%) and neutropenia (7.6% versus 5.6%). CONCLUSIONS: The combination of enzalutamide and docetaxel appears to be more clinically beneficial than docetaxel alone in previously untreated mCRPC patients, although serious adverse events were more frequent. Our findings suggest that first-line treatment with this combination could lead to an additional clinical benefit when prompt and prolonged disease control is simultaneously required. Clearly, these results should be considered cautiously because of the study's phase II design and the absence of an overall survival benefit. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBERS: EudraCT 2014-000175-43 - NCT02453009.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Benzamidas/uso terapêutico , Docetaxel/uso terapêutico , Nitrilas/uso terapêutico , Feniltioidantoína/uso terapêutico , Prednisona/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias de Próstata Resistentes à Castração/tratamento farmacológico , Idoso , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/farmacologia , Docetaxel/farmacologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prednisona/farmacologia
2.
J Bone Oncol ; 26: 100341, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33425672

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Bone remodeling is disrupted in metastatic disease, which affects > 70% of metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC) patients. As a result, abnormal levels of specific bone turnover biomarkers (BTMs) are released. In this prospective ancillary analysis of the Italian real-world study ABITUDE, four markers were measured during abiraterone acetate plus prednisone (AAP) treatment in chemotherapy-naïve mCRPC men failing androgen-deprivation therapy. METHODS: Patients were enrolled if a blood sample was obtained before the first administration of abiraterone (baseline); ad-hoc blood samples were withdrawn during routine tests after 3, 6, and 12 months. A centralized lab measured bone alkaline phosphatase (BALP, osteoblast activity marker), type-I collagen-C-telopeptide (CTX-1, bone resorption marker), parathyroid hormone (PTH) and vitamin D (vitD). At each time point, intra-patient variations vs baseline were compared by the signed-rank test (statistical significance: P-value < 0.05). RESULTS: Of 481 patients enrolled in ABITUDE, 186 (median age: 76 [range: 53-93] years) met the substudy criteria: 74.7% had bone metastases, 11.8% were on bone-targeted therapies (BTT) and 14.0% on vitD supplementation. BALP decreased significantly at month 6 (P = 0.0010) and 12 (P < 0.0001) and CTX-1 at month 6 (P = 0.0028); PTH increased at month 3 (P < 0.0001); no significant difference in vitD levels was observed. Similar findings were observed in BTT-untreated patients. The reduction in BALP and CTX-1 levels was more pronounced in patients with than without bone metastases; in the latter group, no significant variation in BALP and CTX-1 levels was observed. CONCLUSIONS: AAP seems to exert an effect on the microenvironment of metastatic but not of normal bone, which likely contributes to its antitumoral activity.

3.
Ther Adv Med Oncol ; 12: 1758835920968463, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33224275

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This prospective, multicentre, observational INVIDIa-2 study is investigating the clinical efficacy of influenza vaccination in advanced-cancer patients receiving immune-checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs), enrolled in 82 Italian centres, from October 2019 to January 2020. The primary endpoint was the incidence of influenza-like illness (ILI) until 30 April 2020. All the ILI episodes, laboratory tests, complications, hospitalizations and pneumonitis were recorded. Therefore, the study prospectively recorded all the COVID-19 ILI events. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients were included in this non-prespecified COVID-19 analysis, if alive on 31 January 2020, when the Italian government declared the national emergency. The prevalence of confirmed COVID-19 cases was detected as ILI episode with laboratory confirmation of SARS-CoV-2. Cases with clinical-radiological diagnosis of COVID-19 (COVID-like ILIs), were also reported. RESULTS: Out of 1257 enrolled patients, 955 matched the inclusion criteria for this unplanned analysis. From 31 January to 30 April 2020, 66 patients had ILI: 9 of 955 cases were confirmed COVID-19 ILIs, with prevalence of 0.9% [95% confidence interval (CI): 0.3-2.4], a hospitalization rate of 100% and a mortality rate of 77.8%. Including 5 COVID-like ILIs, the overall COVID-19 prevalence was 1.5% (95% CI: 0.5-3.1), with 100% hospitalization and 64% mortality. The presence of elderly, males and comorbidities was significantly higher among patients vaccinated against influenza versus unvaccinated (p = 0.009, p < 0.0001, p < 0.0001). Overall COVID-19 prevalence was 1.2% for vaccinated (six of 482 cases, all confirmed) and 1.7% for unvaccinated (8 of 473, 3 confirmed COVID-19 and 5 COVID-like), p = 0.52. The difference remained non-significant, considering confirmed COVID-19 only (p = 0.33). CONCLUSION: COVID-19 has a meaningful clinical impact on the cancer-patient population receiving ICIs, with high prevalence, hospitalization and an alarming mortality rate among symptomatic cases. Influenza vaccination does not protect from SARS-CoV-2 infection.

4.
Breast Care (Basel) ; 15(1): 30-37, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32231495

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Different studies suggest that fulvestrant 500 mg every 28 days (HD-FUL) could be an active treatment in HR+ advanced breast cancer (ABC) patients even treated with aromatase inhibitors in the adjuvant setting. The aim of this analysis is to describe the outcome of ABC patients treated with HD-FUL as first-line treatment in terms of median duration of treatment and the overall response rate in a real-world setting. METHODS: For the purpose of the present analysis, we considered two data sets of HR+ ABC patients collected in Italy between 2012 and 2015 (EVA and GIM-13 AMBRA studies). RESULTS: Eighty-one and 91 patients have been identified from the two data sets. The median age was 63 years (range 35-82) for the EVA and 57.8 years (range 35.0-82.3) for the AMBRA patients. ORRs were 23.5 and 24.3% in the whole population, 26.9% in the patients with bone only, and 21.8 and 21.4% in those with visceral metastases. The median duration of HD-FUL was 11.6 months (range 1-48) and 12.4 months (range 2.9-70.0) in the two data sets, respectively. CONCLUSION: These data suggest that HD-FUL should still continue to play a significant role as first-line therapy in HR+ ABC patients.

5.
Clin Breast Cancer ; 19(2): 137-145.e4, 2019 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30584056

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Approximately 50% of locally advanced or metastatic breast cancer (MBC) patients treated with first-line exemestane do not show objective response and currently there are no reliable biomarkers to predict the outcome of patients using this therapy. The constitutive genetic background might be responsible for differences in the outcome of exemestane-treated patients. We designed a prospective study to investigate the role of germ line polymorphisms as biomarkers of survival. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Three hundred two locally advanced or MBC patients treated with first-line exemestane were genotyped for 74 germ line polymorphisms in 39 candidate genes involved in drug activity, hormone balance, DNA replication and repair, and cell signaling pathways. Associations with progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) were tested with multivariate Cox regression. Bootstrap resampling was used as an internal assessment of results reproducibility. RESULTS: Cytochrome P450 19A1-rs10046TC/CC, solute carrier organic anion transporter 1B1-rs4149056TT, adenosine triphosphate binding cassette subfamily G member 2-rs2046134GG, fibroblast growth factor receptor-4-rs351855TT, and X-ray repair cross complementing 3-rs861539TT were significantly associated with PFS and then combined into a risk score (0-1, 2, 3, or 4-6 risk points). Patients with the highest risk score (4-6 risk points) compared with ones with the lowest score (0-1 risk points) had a median PFS of 10 months versus 26.3 months (adjusted hazard ratio [AdjHR], 3.12 [95% confidence interval (CI), 2.18-4.48]; P < .001) and a median OS of 38.9 months versus 63.0 months (AdjHR, 2.41 [95% CI, 1.22-4.79], P = .012), respectively. CONCLUSION: In this study we defined a score including 5 polymorphisms to stratify patients for PFS and OS. This score, if validated, might be translated to personalize locally advanced or MBC patient treatment and management.


Assuntos
Androstadienos/uso terapêutico , Antineoplásicos Hormonais/uso terapêutico , Inibidores da Aromatase/uso terapêutico , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Inibidores da Aromatase/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Reparo do DNA/genética , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Polimorfismo Genético , Estudos Prospectivos , Receptores de Estrogênio/metabolismo , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Risco , Transdução de Sinais/genética , Análise de Sobrevida
7.
Oncotarget ; 9(61): 31877-31887, 2018 08 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30159129

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The present analysis focuses on real-world data of Everolimus-Exemestane in advanced HR+ve, HER2-ve elderly breast cancer patients (aged 65 years) included in the EVA study, with unique findings in those aged 70 years. METHODS: Data are collected from clinical records and analysed according to age cut-off (< 65 years; 65 - 69 years and {greater than or equal to} 70 years). Relationship of analyzed variables with response were tested by mean of a Mantel-Haenszel chi square test. Time to event analysis was described by Kaplan Meier approach and association with baseline characteristics was analysed by stratified log-rank test and proportional hazard model. RESULTS: From July 2013 to December 2015, the EVA study enrolled overall 404 pts. 154 patients out of 404 (38,1%) were aged {greater than or equal to} 65 years, of whom 87 were {greater than or equal to} 70 years. Median duration of EVE treatment was 28.5 weeks (95% CI 19.0 - 33.8) in patients aged 65-69 years and 24,4 weeks (95% CI 19,2 - 33,2) in those aged {greater than or equal to} 70 years. Fewer patients aged 65 years received the highest EVE Dose-Intensity (>7.5 mg/day) in comparison to younger patients (49,6% vs. 66,8%). Grade 3-4 toxicities occurred to 55 patients (35,7%), mainly stomatitis (10,9%), rash (5,8%) and non-infectious pneumonitis (NIP) (3,6%). Some toxicities, such as weight loss and anaemia were peculiarly observed in patients aged {greater than or equal to} 70 years. Five treatment-related deaths were collected (3,2%). CONCLUSIONS: EVE-EXE combination remains one of the potential treatments in HR+ patients also for elderly ones.

9.
Oncologist ; 22(6): 648-654, 2017 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28432226

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The BALLET study was an open-label, multicenter, expanded access study designed to allow treatment with everolimus plus exemestane in postmenopausal women with hormone receptor-positive metastatic breast cancer progressed following prior endocrine therapy. A post hoc analysis to evaluate if previous chemotherapy in the metastatic setting affects the safety profile of the combination regimen of everolimus and exemestane was conducted on the Italian subset, as it represented the major part of the patients enrolled (54%). PATIENTS AND METHODS: One thousand one hundred and fifty-one Italian patients were included in the present post hoc analysis, which focused on two sets of patients: patients who never received chemotherapy in the metastatic setting (36.1%) and patients who received at least one chemotherapy treatment in the metastatic setting (63.9%). RESULTS: One thousand one hundred and sixteen patients (97.0%) prematurely discontinued the study drug, and the main reasons reported were disease progression (39.1%), local reimbursement of everolimus (31.1%), and adverse events (AEs) (16.1%). The median duration of study treatment exposure was 139.5 days for exemestane and 135.0 days for everolimus. At least one AE was experienced by 92.5% of patients. The incidence of everolimus-related AEs was higher (83.9%) when compared with those that occurred with exemestane (29.1%), and the most commonly reported everolimus-related AE was stomatitis (51.3%). However, no significant difference in terms of safety related to the combination occurred between patients without and with chemotherapy in the metastatic setting. CONCLUSION: Real-life data of the Italian patients BALLET-related cohort were an adequate setting to state that previous chemotherapy did not affect the safety profile of the combination regimen of everolimus and exemestane. IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE: With the advent of new targeted agents for advanced or metastatic breast cancer, multiple lines of therapy may be possible, and components of the combined regimens can overlap from one line to another. Thus, it is important to assess even the potential of cumulative and additive toxic effects among the drugs. Previous chemotherapy did not affect the safety profile of the combination regimen of everolimus and exemestane. The continuous monitoring of the safety signals of this drug combination from general clinical practice is important, in particular for stomatitis.


Assuntos
Androstadienos/administração & dosagem , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/administração & dosagem , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Everolimo/administração & dosagem , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Androstadienos/efeitos adversos , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Efeitos Colaterais e Reações Adversas Relacionados a Medicamentos/classificação , Efeitos Colaterais e Reações Adversas Relacionados a Medicamentos/patologia , Everolimo/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Humanos , Itália , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Metástase Neoplásica
10.
Eur Urol ; 68(1): 147-53, 2015 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25457020

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The availability of new agents (NAs) active in patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC) progressing after docetaxel treatment (abiraterone acetate, cabazitaxel, and enzalutamide) has led to the possibility of using them sequentially to obtain a cumulative survival benefit. OBJECTIVE: To provide clinical outcome data relating to a large cohort of mCRPC patients who received a third-line NA after the failure of docetaxel and another NA. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: We retrospectively reviewed the clinical records of patients who had received at least two successive NAs after the failure of docetaxel. OUTCOME MEASUREMENTS AND STATISTICAL ANALYSIS: The independent prognostic value of a series of pretreatment covariates on the primary outcome measure of overall survival was assessed using Cox regression analysis. RESULTS AND LIMITATIONS: We assessed 260 patients who received one third-line NA between January 2012 and December 2013, including 38 who received a further NA as fourth-line therapy. The median progression-free and overall survival from the start of third-line therapy was, respectively, 4 mo and 11 mo, with no significant differences between the NAs. Performance status, and haemoglobin and alkaline phosphatase levels were the only independent prognostic factors. The limitations of the study are mainly due its retrospective nature and the small number of patients treated with some of the sequences. CONCLUSIONS: We were unable to demonstrate a difference in the clinical outcomes of third-line NAs regardless of previous NA therapy. PATIENT SUMMARY: It is debated which sequence of treatments to adopt after docetaxel. Our data do not support the superiority of any of the three new agents in third-line treatment, regardless of the previously administered new agent.


Assuntos
Acetato de Abiraterona/uso terapêutico , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Feniltioidantoína/análogos & derivados , Neoplasias de Próstata Resistentes à Castração/tratamento farmacológico , Taxoides/uso terapêutico , Idoso , Benzamidas , Estudos de Coortes , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Docetaxel , Humanos , Itália , Masculino , Análise Multivariada , Nitrilas , Feniltioidantoína/uso terapêutico , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Estudos Retrospectivos , Falha de Tratamento , Resultado do Tratamento
11.
Breast Cancer Res Treat ; 101(3): 279-84, 2007 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-16835704

RESUMO

This study investigated the changes, if any, in the level of expression of a well defined panel of cell proliferation, differentiation and apoptosis markers between the primary breast tumor and the corresponding synchronous lymph node metastasis from a population of patients with a comparable disease status, in terms of clinical features, and natural history.Ninety pure invasive ductal carcinomas with 10 or more axillary lymph nodes involved and without evidence of distant metastasis were included in this study. Primary tumor and corresponding metastatic lymph node tissue specimens were evaluated for the expression of Cyclin B1, MMP1 metalloproteinase, ICAM-1, RARbeta, Ki67, ER, PgR, p53, bcl-2 and c-erbB2 by immunohistochemistry using standard methods. The bivariate Pearson correlation analysis demonstrated a close relationship between primary and matching corresponding metastatic node. A high grade of correlation has been maintained even when staining results where categorized as positive/negative according to each one marker cut-off level of staining expression. We report the most extensive immunohistochemical analysis of biological determinants in a well defined population of patients with invasive ductal carcinomas and involvement of 10 or more axillary nodes and no distant metastasis. We found a close correlation between the primary tumor and corresponding metastatic node in terms of the expression of all 10 of the markers investigated in this study. The not complete concordance observed could be explained by the gene expression modulation by extrinsic factors and by the microenvironment in which the cancer cells reside.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Mama/metabolismo , Carcinoma Ductal de Mama/metabolismo , Carcinoma Ductal de Mama/secundário , Linfonodos/metabolismo , Proteínas de Neoplasias/metabolismo , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Axila , Biomarcadores Tumorais/química , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Neoplasias da Mama/química , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Carcinoma Ductal de Mama/química , Ciclina B/metabolismo , Ciclina B1 , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Molécula 1 de Adesão Intercelular/metabolismo , Antígeno Ki-67/metabolismo , Excisão de Linfonodo , Linfonodos/química , Linfonodos/patologia , Metástase Linfática , Metaloproteinase 1 da Matriz/metabolismo , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Invasividade Neoplásica , Proteínas de Neoplasias/genética , Prognóstico , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-2/metabolismo , Receptor ErbB-2/metabolismo , Receptores de Estrogênio/metabolismo , Receptores de Progesterona/metabolismo , Receptores do Ácido Retinoico/metabolismo , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/metabolismo
12.
Stem Cells ; 21(1): 33-40, 2003.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-12529549

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to verify, and possibly improve, culture conditions to expand human mobilized peripheral blood stem cells (PBSCs). We investigated the role of three parameters: A) the culture medium (serum-free versus serum-dependent); B) the initial cell population (Ficoll-separated mononucleated cells versus CD34(+)-selected cells), and C) the low concentration of recombinant cytokines, flt3 ligand, and thrombopoietin in association with a basic cocktail of stem cell factor, interleukin (IL)-6, IL-3, GM-CSF, and erythropoietin. Eighteen leukapheresis samples were monitored in static culture for 15 days. The expansion potential was assessed at day 10 and 15 by total nuclear cells, colony-forming-units (CFUs) (burst-forming units-erythroid [BFU-E], colony-forming units-granulocyte-macrophage [CFU-GM], and colony-forming units-granulocyte-erythroid-macrophage-megakaryocyte [CFU-GEMM]), and flow cytometry immunophenotyping (CD34(+)/CD38(-), CD38(+), CD33(+), CD41(+), GlyA(+) progenitor cells). The results, evaluated by multivariate analysis of variance, emphasize that some variables affected the outcome of stem and progenitor cell expansion. CD34(+) enrichment increased expansion of total nuclear cells, number of CD38(+) and CD33(+) late precursors, and number of the CFU-GM compartment. Interestingly, however, quantitative expansion of GlyA(+) and the early progenitor cells (CD34(+)/CD38(-), CFU-GEMM, BFU-E) are favored by the use of unselected mononucleated cells. Regarding the role of serum, no significant difference was observed except for expansion of total nuclear cells, CFU-GM, and BFU-E. Cytokine combinations, in particular the use of flt3 ligand, stimulated expansion of almost all the cellular subsets, reaching a statistical significance for total nuclear cells and CFU-GM. Our study indicates that progenitor and late precursor multilineage cell compartments of mobilized PBSCs may be significantly expanded in short-term cultures by well-defined experimental conditions. Furthermore, these data might be useful when evaluating ex vivo expansion of hematopoietic cells for clinical purposes.


Assuntos
Citocinas/fisiologia , Mobilização de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/métodos , Células-Tronco/fisiologia , Técnicas de Cultura de Células/métodos , Divisão Celular/fisiologia , Separação Celular/métodos , Células Cultivadas , Feminino , Humanos , Imunofenotipagem , Leucócitos Mononucleares/química , Leucócitos Mononucleares/efeitos dos fármacos , Leucócitos Mononucleares/metabolismo , Transplante de Células-Tronco de Sangue Periférico/métodos , Células-Tronco/química , Células-Tronco/efeitos dos fármacos
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