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1.
Croat Med J ; 54(1): 78-82, 2013 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23444251

RESUMO

Clinics today specialize in health repair services similar to car repair shops; procedures and prices are standardized, regulated, and inflexibly uniform. Clinics of the future have to become Health Care Centers in order to be more respected and more effective corporate neighbors in offering outreach services in health education and preventive health care. The traditional concept of care for health is much broader than repair management and includes the promotion of lay health competence and responsibility in healthy social and natural environments. The corporate profile and ethics of the clinic as a good and competitive local neighbor will have to focus on [a] better personalized care, [b] education and services in preventive care, [c] direct or web-based information and advice for general, seasonal, or age related health risks, and on developing and improving trustworthy character traits of the clinic as a corporate person and a good neighbor.


Assuntos
Prestação Integrada de Cuidados de Saúde/organização & administração , Promoção da Saúde , Serviços de Saúde , Corporações Profissionais , Educação em Saúde , Humanos
3.
Wien Med Wochenschr ; 159(17-18): 439-51, 2009.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19823790

RESUMO

The integration of medical humanities into future patient care and medical research will become as importance for trust, care and health as the natural sciences were during the last 100 years. In particular, improvements of lay health literacy and responsibility, new forms of physician-nurse partnership and expert-lay interaction, also revisions of clinical research towards models of informed contract will improve trust and health on a global scale, allow for healthier and happier citizens and populations and eventually might reduce health care costs.


Assuntos
Ética Médica , Ética em Pesquisa , Comportamento Cooperativo , Controle de Custos/ética , Controle de Custos/legislação & jurisprudência , Consultoria Ética/ética , Consultoria Ética/legislação & jurisprudência , Alemanha , Alocação de Recursos para a Atenção à Saúde/ética , Alocação de Recursos para a Atenção à Saúde/legislação & jurisprudência , Humanos , Comunicação Interdisciplinar , Cuidados para Prolongar a Vida/ética , Cuidados para Prolongar a Vida/legislação & jurisprudência , Futilidade Médica/ética , Futilidade Médica/legislação & jurisprudência , Programas Nacionais de Saúde/ética , Programas Nacionais de Saúde/legislação & jurisprudência , Defesa do Paciente/ética , Defesa do Paciente/legislação & jurisprudência , Relações Médico-Paciente/ética
4.
Kennedy Inst Ethics J ; 17(4): 279-95, 2007 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18363267

RESUMO

In 1927, Fritz Jahr, a Protestant pastor, philosopher, and educator in Halle an der Saale, published an article entitled "Bio-Ethics: A Review of the Ethical Relationships of Humans to Animals and Plants" and proposed a "Bioethical Imperative," extending Kant's moral imperative to all forms of life. Reviewing new physiological knowledge of his times and moral challenges associated with the development of secular and pluralistic societies, Jahr redefines moral obligations towards human and nonhuman forms of life, outlining the concept of bioethics as an academic discipline, principle, and virtue. Although he had no immediate long-lasting influence during politically and morally turbulent times, his argument that new science and technology requires new ethical and philosophical reflection and resolve may contribute toward clarification of terminology and of normative and practical visions of bioethics, including understanding of the geoethical dimensions of bioethics.


Assuntos
Temas Bioéticos/história , Bioética/história , Empatia , Teoria Ética , Obrigações Morais , Valor da Vida , Academias e Institutos/história , Alcoolismo/prevenção & controle , Animais , Bioética/educação , Bioética/tendências , Cristianismo , Clero , Cultura , Europa (Continente) , Alemanha , História do Século XVIII , História do Século XX , Humanos , Ética Baseada em Princípios , Saúde Pública , Encaminhamento e Consulta , Doenças Sexualmente Transmissíveis/prevenção & controle , Estados Unidos
6.
Wien Med Wochenschr ; 153(17-18): 380-4, 2003.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-14571662

RESUMO

Advance directives contain wishes and values, fears and refusals of competent lay people regarding medical interventions in future situations when they might lack communicative and decision-making capacities. However, these advance directives for medical, psychiatric and care interventions can very well be used to improve the care for patients in psychiatry and gerontopsychiatry and to provide individualized care and treatment. The development and use of advance-care documents in psychiatry, and the clinical and ethical appreciation and recognition of the wishes and values of those patients, represent a particularly difficult challenge to medical paternalism.


Assuntos
Diretivas Antecipadas/legislação & jurisprudência , Demência , Ética Médica , Competência Mental/legislação & jurisprudência , Transtornos Mentais , Paternalismo , Cuidadores/legislação & jurisprudência , Demência/diagnóstico , Demência/psicologia , Demência/terapia , Alemanha , Humanos , Tutores Legais , Cuidados para Prolongar a Vida , Transtornos Mentais/diagnóstico , Transtornos Mentais/psicologia , Transtornos Mentais/terapia , Participação do Paciente/legislação & jurisprudência , Relações Médico-Paciente , Recusa do Paciente ao Tratamento/legislação & jurisprudência
7.
Croat Med J ; 44(5): 562-7, 2003 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-14515414

RESUMO

Health education and health literacy programs have implications on health care policy and health care status insurance. There are many benefits of a transition from disease management to a health care system, which includes priorities in prediction, prevention, and health education. Health care and disease management could best be implemented by multiple-tier, market-oriented models of universal coverage allowing for competition among health status insurers and educational, pharmaceutical, nursing, and other health service providers. Promotion of health literacy will allow citizens to become educated customers and consumers of health care services. Internationally, health literacy might narrow the gap between economically richer and poorer countries.


Assuntos
Assistência à Saúde/organização & administração , Educação em Saúde , Seguro Saúde , Participação do Paciente , Poder Psicológico , Assistência à Saúde/economia , Assistência à Saúde/ética , Alemanha , Comportamentos Relacionados com a Saúde , Política de Saúde , Humanos , Formulação de Políticas , Saúde Pública , Fatores de Risco , Gestão de Riscos , Cobertura Universal do Seguro de Saúde
13.
Rev. Estomat ; 4(1): 21-26, jun. 1994.
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: lil-569889

RESUMO

Tradicionalmente, la ética de la medicina se ha orientado por principios arraigados en conceptos filosóficos clásicos que contemplaban el lugar del hombre en la naturaleza, su relación con la Divinidad, la salud y la enfermedad, y los conceptos epistemológicos y metodológicos de diagnóstico, evaluación de riesgos y tratamiento. Del médico se esperaban virtudes tales como no causar daño, hacer el bien y abstenerse de emplear su pericia en actos manipulativos o coercitivos. El paciente virtuoso debía tener confianza en el médico y acatar el tratamiento. Hoy día, los adelantos tecnológicos y el advenimiento de una sociedad pluralista que hace hincapié en la autonomía del paciente instruido, conforman una situación mucho más compleja y cambiante. Sin embargo, en los argumentos bioéticos se encuentran algunos principios pragmáticos que pueden aljudar a resolverlos dilemas morales. Sass propone basarse en "principios morales intermedios" que han hallado respaldo en distintas ideologías y en la aplicación complementaria de varios modelos de hermenéutica y comunicación médico y paciente. La responsabilidad de la salud debe ser compartida por médico y paciente y fundamentada en el conocimiento, el respeto mutuo, y en la combinación de la pericia y la ética.


Medical ethics have traditionally been guided by principles based on classical philosophical ideas about the place of man in nature, his relation to God, health, and disease, and on the epistemological and methodological concepts of diagnosis, risk evaluation, and treatment. The virtues expected of a physician were to cause no harm, tomake patients better, and torefrain from using his skills for manipulation or coercion. The good patient was supposed to trust the physician and follow the treatment. Today, technological progress and the advent of a pluralistic society that emphasizes the autonomy of informed patients make forr a much more complex and changing situation. However, some pragmatic principies found in bioethical arguments may assist in resolving moral dilemmas. Sass proposes that a basis be sought in "intermediate moral principIes" that have found support in various ideologies and in complementary application of several models of doctor patient hermeneutics and communication. Responsibility for health should be shared by physician and patient and founded on knowledge, mutual respect, and a combination of skill and ethics.


Assuntos
Temas Bioéticos , Bioética
14.
Kennedy Inst Ethics J ; 1(3): 253-6, 1991 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-11645704

RESUMO

UNESCO's Division of Human Rights and Peace, together with the USSR Academy of Science and the USSR Academy of Medicine, held an international bioethics conference in Moscow May 13-15, 1991. Twenty participants from the United States, Europe, Asia, and South America participated....The Moscow conference, which took place on the new campus of the USSR Academy of Social Sciences, addressed four topics: (1) organ transplantation; (2) informed consent; (3) bioethics and the law; and (4) institutionalization of bioethics....


Assuntos
Temas Bioéticos , Bioética , Cooperação Internacional , Internacionalidade , Códigos de Ética , Assistência à Saúde , Países em Desenvolvimento , Educação , Ética Profissional , Pessoal de Saúde , Direitos Humanos , Humanos , Consentimento Livre e Esclarecido , Jurisprudência , Transplante de Órgãos , Justiça Social , Nações Unidas
17.
Artigo em Inglês | PAHO | ID: pah-8696

RESUMO

Contemporary medicine involves a lot more than technologies that now permit effective medical intervention where none was possible before. Among other things changes in technology have been accompanied by changes in social and cultural attitudes that are having major effects on health care and medical practice. This article provides a brief overview of many of the more important changes and their relationship to developments in the field of medical bioethics


Assuntos
Bioética , Ética Médica , Filosofia Médica , Relações Médico-Paciente , Defesa do Paciente , 17627
18.
Artigo | PAHO-IRIS | ID: phr-27131

RESUMO

Contemporary medicine involves a lot more than technologies that now permit effective medical intervention where none was possible before. Among other things changes in technology have been accompanied by changes in social and cultural attitudes that are having major effects on health care and medical practice. This article provides a brief overview of many of the more important changes and their relationship to developments in the field of medical bioethics


Available in Spanish in Bol. Oficina Sanit. Panam 108(5/6):391-8, 1990


Assuntos
Bioética , Ética Médica , Filosofia Médica , Relações Médico-Paciente , Defesa do Paciente , Direito à Saúde
19.
In. Organización Panamericana de la Salud. Bioética: temas y perspectivas. Washington, D.C, Organización Panamericana de la Salud, 1990. p.18-24. (OPS. Publicación Científica, 527).
Monografia em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: lil-368974
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